Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 19, 2014
More children surviving dilated cardiomyopathy without heart transplant
More children are surviving dilated cardiomyopathy without a heart transplant.

Laser for tattoo removal appears to improve facial acne scarring
A laser used to remove unwanted tattoos appears to improve facial acne scarring, according to a study published online by JAMA Dermatology.

UCI initiates joint project utilizing the arts to improve grade school science education
Through an innovative new program developed at UC Irvine, the arts and the sciences -- which often occupy opposite ends of the grammar school curriculum -- are being integrated to help young students better grasp the basics of Earth, life and physical sciences.

High-quality hospitals deliver lowest-cost care for congenital heart surgery patients
US children's hospitals delivering the highest-quality care for children undergoing heart surgery, also appear to provide care most efficiently at a low cost, according to research led by the University of Michigan and presented Tuesday at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

Researchers identify biological indicator of response to new ovarian cancer drug
Researchers have found how to identify which ovarian cancer patients are likely to respond well to a new anti-cancer drug called rucaparib.

Study shows rheumatoid arthritis support and education program has strong positive impact
A study at Hospital for Special Surgery finds that an education and support program for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients has a strong positive impact on their lives.

Johns Hopkins scientists present findings at the Society for Neuroscience meeting
Presentations at Neuroscience 2014 include: 'A Blood Pressure Hormone Implicated in Psychosis,' 'Nutrient Deficiency Linked to Brain Wasting in Huntington's Disease' and 'Autistic Mice Become Social with Drug Treatment.'

A grant to see molecules in 3-D
Remember constructing ball-and-stick models of molecules in your high school or college chemistry classes?

Brunel University London and UNICEF develop global initiative to rid sport of abuse
Safe Sport International aims to ensure that sporting organizations have the advice, education and support they need to develop measures to protect athletes from harm.

Study examines national trends in mastectomy for early-stage breast cancer
Higher proportions of women eligible for breast conservation surgery are undergoing mastectomy, breast reconstruction and bilateral mastectomy -- surgical removal of both breasts -- with the steepest increases seen in women with lymph node-negative and in situ, contained, disease, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery.

Study: Environmental bleaching impairs long-term coral reproduction
Professor Don Levitan, chair of the Department of Biological Science, writes in the latest issue of Marine Ecology Progress Series that bleaching -- a process where high water temperatures or UV light stresses the coral to the point where it loses its symbiotic algal partner that provides the coral with color -- is also affecting the long-term fertility of the coral.

Successful outcome prompts early end to sickle cell anemia clinical trial
Conclusive data show that hydroxyurea therapy offers safe and effective disease management of sickle cell anemia and reduces the risk of stroke, prompting early termination by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of a key clinical trial studying the drug's efficacy.

Natural gut viruses join bacterial cousins in maintaining health and fighting infections
Microbiologists at NYU Langone Medical Center say they have what may be the first strong evidence that the natural presence of viruses in the gut -- or what they call the 'virome' -- plays a health-maintenance and infection-fighting role similar to that of the intestinal bacteria that dwell there and make up the 'microbiome.'

Social sensing game detects classroom bullies
Researchers at Illinois have developed a computer game that can detect classroom bullies, victims and bystanders.

'Aquatic osteoporosis' jellifying lakes
North American lakes are suffering from declining calcium levels, says new research from Queen's University.

Lean times ahead: Preparing for an energy-constrained future
Some time this century, the era of cheap and abundant energy will end, and Western industrial civilization will likely begin a long, slow descent toward a resource-limited future characterized by 'involuntary simplicity.'

Power behind 'master' gene for cancer discovered
It's hard to believe, but there are similarities between bean sprouts and human cancer.

Many older brains have plasticity, but in a different place
Brain scientists have long believed that older people have less of the neural flexibility, or plasticity, required to learn new things.

Scientists map mouse genome's 'mission control centers'
When the mouse and human genomes were catalogued more than 10 years ago, an international team of researchers set out to understand and compare the 'mission control centers' found throughout the large stretches of DNA flanking the genes.

NTU Singapore develops novel 2-in-1 biomarker and drug delivery system
Nanyang Technological University has invented a unique biomarker with two exceptional functions.

Empagliflozin in type 2 diabetes: Added benefit not proven
The results of a study on the effectiveness of Empagliflozin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes could not be proven.

Terrorist attacks decrease fertility levels, says new research
A new study published online today in the journal Oxford Economic Papers has found that, on average, terrorist attacks decrease fertility, reducing both the expected number of children a woman has over her lifetime and the number of live births occurring during each year.

Cochrane Review of reminder systems to improve TB diagnoses and care
Researchers from the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group have reviewed the use of reminder systems in improving patient adherence to TB appoints for diagnoses and treatment.

Study: Teens who mature early at greater risk of depression
A study by University of Illinois psychologist indicates that girls AND boys who mature early face many risk factors that are linked with depression several years later.

Arab countries take a new direction for national food security
The Ministries of Agriculture of Arab countries opt investing in agricultural research as national food security strategy based on a wheat productivity improvement project implemented across 10 Arab countries.

A gut reaction
Queen's University biologist Virginia Walker and Queen's SARC Awarded Postdoctoral Fellow Pranab Das have shown nanosilver, which is often added to water purification units, can upset your gut.

'Green Revolution' changes breathing of the biosphere
The intense farming practices of the 'Green Revolution' are powerful enough to alter Earth's atmosphere at an ever-increasing rate, boosting the seasonal amplitude in atmospheric carbon dioxide to about 15 percent during the last five decades.

E-cigarettes significantly reduce tobacco cravings
Electronic cigarettes offer smokers a realistic way to kick their tobacco smoking addiction.

An alternative to 'Turing Test'
A Georgia Tech professor is offering an alternative to the celebrated 'Turing Test' to determine whether a machine or computer program exhibits human-level intelligence.

Vanderbilt study finds more breast cancer patients opting for mastectomy
Far more breast cancer patients are choosing to undergo mastectomy, including removal of both breasts, instead of choosing breast conservation surgery even when they have early stage disease that is confined to one breast, a Vanderbilt study shows.

Syracuse geologists shed light on formation of Alaska Range
Geologists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences have recently figured out what has caused the Alaska Range to form the way it has and why the range boasts such an enigmatic topographic signature.

2008 Lacey Act Amendment successful in reducing US imports of illegally logged wood
Recently published research by US Forest Service economist Jeff Prestemon supports the contention that the 2008 Lacey Act Amendment reduced the supply of illegally harvested wood from South America and Asia available for export to the United States.

Experts suggest single dose IV medication as first-choice treatment for Paget's disease
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of Paget's disease of the bone, a condition where one or more bones in the body become oversized and weak.

Variation in expression of thousands of genes kept under tight constraint in mice, humans
An international team has identified 6,600 genes whose level of expression varies within a comparatively restricted range in humans and mice.

Monitoring Ebola cases in real-time
The current Ebola epidemic has shown how quickly a virus outbreak can turn into a global health crisis.

UTHealth researchers to study probiotic's effect on deadly pre-term infant condition
Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston have received a $1.6 million grant for a preclinical study investigating whether a probiotic might be helpful in preventing a life-threatening condition in pre-term infants called necrotizing enterocolitis.

Salk scientists deliver a promising one-two punch for lung cancer
A combination of two unexpected drugs targets tumors.

'Green Revolution' changes breathing of the biosphere
The intense farming practices of the 'Green Revolution' are powerful enough to alter Earth's atmosphere at an ever-increasing rate, boosting the seasonal amplitude in atmospheric carbon dioxide to about 15 percent over the past five decades.

Unique sense of 'touch' gives a prolific bacterium its ability to infect anything
A study led by Princeton University researchers found that one of the world's most prolific bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, manages to afflict humans, animals and even plants by way of a mechanism not before seen in any infectious microorganism -- a sense of touch.

Crescendo Bioscience highlights new Clinical Data on Vectra DA at ACR
New data presented at the 2014 American College of Rheumatology annual meeting showed Vectra DA is a better predictor of radiographic progression over two years than other tests used to assess risk of joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis, such as C-reactive protein.

When it comes to teen alcohol use, close friends have more influence than peers
A recent study by an Indiana University researcher has found that adolescents' alcohol use is influenced by their close friends' use, regardless of how much alcohol they think their general peers consume.

It pays to have an eye for emotions
Attending to and caring about the emotions of employees and colleagues -- that's for wimps, not for tough businesspeople and efficient performers, right?

Alzheimer's disease: Molecular signals cause brain cells to switch into a hectic state
Alzheimer's disease damages the nervous system in many different ways.

Common blood pressure medication does not increase risk of breast cancer, new study finds
Women who take a common type of medication to control their blood pressure are not at increased risk of developing breast cancer due to the drug, according to new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah.

Professional majors strengthen the mission of liberal arts colleges
University of Iowa study finds small liberal arts colleges that add professional and vocational majors strengthen their mission, not weaken it.

UTMB scientist finds marker that predicts cholesterol level changes as people grow older
It's known that cholesterol levels typically rise as people age and that high cholesterol levels are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Gut microbiota influences blood-brain barrier permeability
A new study in mice, conducted by researchers at Sweden's Karolinska Institutet together with colleagues in Singapore and the United States, shows that our natural gut-residing microbes can influence the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, which protects the brain from harmful substances in the blood.

SDSC/UC San Diego achieves a hat trick in 2014 HPCwire Awards
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego, has achieved a hat trick in garnering three awards for its university-wide WIFIRE project as part of the annual HPCwire Readers' and Editors' Choice Awards presented at the 2014 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, in New Orleans, La.

Publication's debut addresses pain among older adults
The first issue of a new publication series from The Gerontological Society of America called From Policy to Practice explores pain as a public health problem and takes a look at how various policies impact the care provided to patients in a range of practice settings.

NASA's Swift mission probes an exotic object: 'Kicked' black hole or mega star?
An international team of researchers analyzing decades of observations from many facilities, including NASA's Swift satellite, has discovered an unusual source of light in a galaxy some 90 million light-years away.

Bacterial infections suppress protective immune response in neurodermatitis
The skin condition neurodermatitis affects nearly one in four children and also occurs frequently in adults.

New understanding of genetic replication could help in the fight against cancer
A new line of research from a team at Florida State University is pushing the limits on what the world knows about how human genetic material is replicated and what that means for people with diseases where the replication process is disrupted, such as cancer.

South Asian boys are more likely to be overweight compared to peers, new study finds
South Asian boys are three times as likely to be overweight compared to their peers, according to a new Women's College Hospital study.

From architect to social worker: Complex jobs may protect memory and thinking later on
People whose jobs require more complex work with other people, such as social workers and lawyers, or with data, like architects or graphic designers, may end up having longer-lasting memory and thinking abilities compared to people who do less complex work, according to research published in the Nov.

New technology may speed up, build awareness of landslide risks
Engineers have created a new way to use lidar technology to identify and classify landslides on a landscape scale, which may revolutionize the understanding of landslides in the US and reveal them to be far more common and hazardous than often understood.

A jettisoned black hole?
Astronomers have discovered an object in space that might be a black hole catapulted out of a galaxy.

Cut the salt: Green solutions for highway snow and ice control
Ice-free pavement. 'Smart snowplows.' Vegetable juice ice-melt. Cold-climate researchers at Washington State University are clearing the road with green alternatives to the salt, sand and chemicals typically used for highway snow and ice control.

New report explores NYC students' pathways into and through college
A new report from the Research Alliance for New York City Schools gives a first look at patterns of college enrollment, persistence, and completion for New York City high school students.

Mindfulness techniques can help protect pregnant women against depression
Pregnant women with histories of major depression are about 40 percent less likely to relapse into depression if they practice mindfulness techniques -- such as meditation, breathing exercises and yoga -- along with cognitive therapy, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Two new baryon particles discovered in agreement with York U prediction
Today a team of researchers announced the discovery of two new particles in the baryon family, which makes them cousins of the familiar proton and neutron.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Adjali making the curve
Tropical Storm Adjali started curving to the southwest on its trek through the Southern Indian Ocean when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on Nov.

Thin film produces new chemistry in 'nanoreactor'
Physicists at the University of Groningen led by Professor of Functional Nanomaterials Beatriz Noheda have discovered a new manganese compound that is produced by tension in the crystal structure of terbium manganese oxide.

Surgeons use 3-D printed model of heart to treat patients with disorders
A 3-D printed model of the heart, combined with standard medical images, may help surgeons treat patients born with complicated heart disorders.

Lady Gaga, telephone songs and female vocal empowerment
Research into Lady Gaga's pop hit 'Telephone' has been undertaken by University of Huddersfield lecturer Dr.

People's movement perturbed during, but similar after Hurricane Sandy
New York City residents' movement around the city was perturbed, but resumed less than 24-hours after Hurricane Sandy.

CHOP experts highlight advances in pediatric cardiology at 2014 AHA Scientific Sessions
CHOP researchers presented new findings on pediatric cardiovascular disease at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014: 3-D prototype printing of heart anatomy, the use of AEDs in infants, long-term cardiac risk in Fontan survivors, and whether cardiac cath volumes correlate with better outcomes.

75 percent of high hospital users in 13 poor NJ cities have behavioral health conditions
More than a third of hospitalization costs in 13 low-income New Jersey communities are associated with behavioral health conditions, including mental health disorders and substance use, accounting for $880 million in annual inpatient costs, according to a new Rutgers study.

Federal budget authority for R&D in FY 2014 rises slightly
New data indicate that in fiscal year (FY) 2014, Congress gave federal agencies authority to spend $3.2 billion more on research and development and R&D plant (together) than in FY 2013.

Sun's rotating 'magnet' pulls lightning towards UK
The sun may be playing a part in the generation of lightning strikes on Earth by temporarily 'bending' the Earth's magnetic field and allowing a shower of energetic particles to enter the upper atmosphere.

Boosts in productivity of corn and other crops modify Northern Hemisphere carbon dioxide cycle
In the Northern Hemisphere, there's a strong seasonal cycle of vegetation, says scientist Mark Friedl of Boston University, senior author of a paper reporting the results in this week's issue of the journal Nature.

Pac-Man instead of patch: Using video games to improve lazy eye, depth perception
Scientists have created video games that add an important element of fun to the repetitive training needed to improve vision in people -- including adults -- with a lazy eye and poor depth perception.

New app aims for rapid interventions and reduced mortality for infants with heart defects
A powerful new app is directly connecting single ventricle heart defect patients to their doctors, dramatically improving their monitoring while they recover from heart surgery at home.

Of mice, not men
For more than a century, the laboratory mouse (Mus musculus) has stood in for humans in experiments ranging from deciphering disease and brain function to explaining social behaviors and the nature of obesity.

JDR publishes special issue on novel dental biomaterials and technologies
Today, IADR/AADR published a special themed issue of the Journal of Dental Research centered on novel dental biomaterials and technologies.

Researchers pioneer new approach to treating HPV-related cervical cancer
A drug that is already well established as a treatment for infection of the retina in people with AIDS has been shown, for the first time, to sensitise cervical cancer to chemotherapy and radiotherapy without an increase in toxic side-effects.

DFG establishes 14 new Research Training Groups
The German Research Foundation is establishing 14 new Research Training Groups to further support early career researchers in Germany.

The Affordable Care Act in Kentucky, one year later
One year after co-authoring a New England Journal of Medicine article showing the hardship faced by the medically underserved, Dr.

Fraunhofer and Stef Wertheimer promote applied research in Israel
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is strengthening its ties to Israel, a world leader in technology.

Spooky alignment of quasars across billions of light-years
Observations with ESO's Very Large Telescope have revealed alignments over the largest structures ever discovered in the universe.

Prehistoric landslide discovery rivals largest known on surface of Earth
A catastrophic landslide that rivals in size the largest known gravity slide on the surface of the Earth has been mapped in southwestern Utah by a Kent State geologist and colleagues.

HHS and NIH take steps to enhance transparency of clinical trial results
The US Department of Health and Human Services today issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, which proposes regulations to implement reporting requirements for clinical trials that are subject to Title VIII of the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007.

Eighty percent of kidney dialysis patients unprepared for natural disaster or emergency
Eighty percent of kidney dialysis patients surveyed were not adequately prepared in the event of an emergency or natural disaster that shut down their dialysis center.

Could hydrogen vehicles take over as the 'green' car of choice?
Now that car makers have demonstrated through hybrid vehicle success that consumers want less-polluting tailpipes, they are shifting even greener.

Unhealthy behavior may be cross-generational
Unhealthy behavior may be cross-generational.

Real-time genome sequencing helps control hospital outbreak
Pioneering use of whole genome sequencing in real time to help control a hospital outbreak is reported in an article published in the open access journal Genome Medicine.

New view of mouse genome finds many similarities, striking differences with human genome
Looking across the genomes of humans and mice, scientists have found that, in general, the systems that are used to control gene activity in both species have many similarities, along with crucial differences.

Bad marriage, broken heart?
Older couples in a bad marriage -- particularly female spouses -- have a higher risk for heart disease than those in a good marriage, finds the first nationally representative study of its kind.

Stanford researchers compare mammals' genomes to aid human clinical research
Unprecedented comparisons between the human and mouse genome reveal both shared general principles and important differences in how each species' genes are regulated.

High heels may enhance a man's instinct to be helpful
If it's help a woman needs, maybe she should wear high heels.

Crops help to drive greater seasonal change in CO2 cycle
A team of researchers led by Boston University scientists has shown that agricultural production may generate up to a quarter of the increase in seasonal carbon cycle, with corn playing a leading role.

Business culture in banking industry favors dishonest behavior
Bank employees are not more dishonest than employees in other industries.

MSK team makes key discovery in understanding immunotherapy's successes -- and its failures
A collaborative team of leaders in the field of cancer immunology from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center has made a key discovery that advances the understanding of why some patients respond to ipilimumab, an immunotherapy drug, while others do not.

Many Americans not receiving recommended home visit services for lead poisoning and asthma
The National Center for Healthy Housing and Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University released 'Healthcare Financing of Healthy Homes Services: Findings from a 2014 Survey of State Reimbursement Policies,' a report documenting current Medicaid reimbursement practices for environmental health services in the homes of lead-exposed children and people with asthma and highlighting opportunities for increasing access to these benefits.

UT Arlington engineering professors honored with Hackerman Advanced Research awards
Two UT Arlington College of Engineering professors have been recognized for research to advance cancer detection and methods to combat toxic algae in water resources.

Climate change will slow China's progress in reducing infectioius diseases
A new study found that by 2030, changes to the global climate could delay China's progress reducing diarrheal and vector-borne diseases by up to seven years.

Gene therapy provides safe, long-term relief for patients with severe hemophilia B
Gene therapy developed at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, University College London and the Royal Free Hospital has transformed life for men with a severe form of hemophilia B by providing a safe, reliable source of the blood clotting protein Factor IX that has allowed some to adopt a more active lifestyle, researchers reported.

Fountain of youth underlies Antarctic Mountains
In a new study in Geophysical Research Letters, scientists explain why the ice-covered Gamburtsev Mountains in the middle of Antarctica looks as young as they do.

How stress aids memory
Retrieving memory content under stress does not work very well.

Delivering stem cells into heart muscle may enhance cardiac repair and reverse injury
Delivering stem cell factor directly into damaged heart muscle after a heart attack may help repair and regenerate injured tissue, according to a study led by researchers from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Crops play a major role in the annual CO2 cycle increase
In a study published Wednesday, Nov. 19, in Nature, scientists at Boston University, the University of New Hampshire, the University of Michigan, the University of Minnesota, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and McGill University show that a steep rise in the productivity of crops grown for food accounts for as much as 25 percent of the increase in this carbon dioxide seasonality.

Telemedicine collaborative care for posttraumatic stress disorder in US veterans
Military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who live in rural areas successfully engaged in evidence-based psychotherapy through a telemedicine-based collaborative care model thereby improving their clinical outcomes, according to a report published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

New leadless pacemaker safe, reliable
A new leadless pacemaker is safe and reliable.

Speedy heart transplant for kids better than waiting for perfect match
Survival is predicted to be higher for pediatric heart transplant candidates when the first suitable donor offer is accepted -- even if they have antibodies that may lead to organ rejection.

'Cloaking' device uses ordinary lenses to hide objects across continuous range of angles
Inspired perhaps by Harry Potter's invisibility cloak, scientists have recently developed several ways -- some simple and some involving new technologies -- to hide objects from view.

Response to new drug in patients with lymphomas and advanced solid tumors
Patients with B-cell Non-Hodgkin lymphomas and advanced solid tumors have responded to a new drug that is being tested for the first time in humans in a phase I trial.

As CO2 acidifies oceans, scientists develop a way to measure effect on marine ecosystems
Man-made emissions have dramatically increased the CO2 content of oceans and acidified their surface waters.

Florida harvester ants regularly relocate
Florida harvester ants move and construct a similar subterranean nest about once a year.

Radiation monitors tested on space station to fly on Orion
Already tested on the International Space Station, six radiation detectors developed by a team from the University of Houston physics department and their NASA colleagues have paved the way for two new devices to fly on the first test flight of NASA's new Orion spacecraft.

Residential treatment may be first-line option for opioid-dependent young adults
A study from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Addiction Services found that a month-long, 12-step-based residential program with strong linkage to community-based follow-up care, enabled almost 30 percent of opioid-dependent young adults to remain abstinent a year later.

Researchers identify protein mutation that alters tissue development in males before birth
Case Western Reserve researchers have identified a protein mutation that alters specific gender-related tissue in males before birth and can contribute to the development of cancer as well as other less life-threatening challenges.

Spiraling light, nanoparticles and insights into life's structure
As hands come in left and right versions that are mirror images of each other, so do the amino acids and sugars within us.

Seed dormancy, a property that prevents germination, already existed 360 million years ago
An international team of scientists, coordinated by a researcher from the U. of Granada, has found that seed dormancy (a property that prevents germination under non-favourable conditions) was a feature already present in the first seeds, 360 million years ago.

Queen's researchers prove for the first time that ash clouds can cross Atlantic Ocean
Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have led the discovery of a volcanic ash cloud that traveled from Alaska to Northern Ireland and beyond -- overturning previously held assumptions about how far ash deposits can drift, with major implications for the airline industry.

Lumosity study examines lifestyle effects on cognitive training at Neuroscience 2014
A study analyzed over 60 million data points from 61,407 participants and found that memory, speed, and flexibility tasks peaked in the morning, while crystallized knowledge tasks such as arithmetic and verbal fluency peaked in the afternoon.

Climate change in drylands
Ecologists from the University of Cologne are analyzing vegetation stability during and after droughts.

Fathers' engagement with baby depends on mother
Fathers' involvement with their newborns depends on mothers' preparation for parenthood, even for fathers who show the most parenting skills, a new study suggests.

Research shows why antidepressant may be effective in postpartum depression
An antidepressant commonly prescribed for women with postpartum depression may restore connections between cells in brain regions that are negatively affected by chronic stress during pregnancy, new research suggests.

Ancient genetic program employed in more than just fins and limbs
Researchers at San Francisco State University have found that the Hox gene program, responsible for directing the development of fins and limbs, is also utilized to develop other body part features of vertebrates, such as barbels and vents in fish.

Endangered green turtles may feed, reside at Peru's central, northern coast
Peruvian coastal waters may provide suitable habitat that may help the recovery of endangered South Pacific green turtles.

Mind the gap -- how new insight into cells could lead to better drugs
A new insight into immune cells by scientists at the University of Manchester could lead to more effective drug treatments.

Pavel Gurevich wins the 2014 von Kaven Award
The German Research Foundation has selected mathematician PD Pavel Gurevich, Ph.D., from the Free University of Berlin to receive the 2014 von Kaven Award.

Syracuse physicist helps discover subatomic particles
A physicist in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences is the lead contributor to the discovery of two never-before-seen baryonic particles.

Study finds wide variation in quality, content of clinical cancer guidelines
What's the best way to treat rectal cancer? Consult any of five top clinical guidelines for rectal cancer and you will get a different answer, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Humans and mice: So similar but yet so different
An international consortium including researchers from the CRG has presented an exhaustive description of the mouse's functional genome elements and their comparison with the human genome.

A signature for success
A team led by Ludwig and Memorial Sloan Kettering researchers has published a landmark study on the genetic basis of response to a powerful cancer therapy known as immune checkpoint blockade.

Paper electronics could make health care more accessible
Flexible electronic sensors based on paper -- an inexpensive material -- have the potential to some day cut the price of a wide range of medical tools, from helpful robots to diagnostic tests.

Camera trap images help wildlife managers ID problem tigers in India
Researchers with the Wildlife Conservation Society and other partners in India are using high-tech solutions to zero in on individual tigers in conflict and relocate them out of harm's way for the benefit of both tigers and people.

Can eating blueberries really help you see better in the dark?
Blueberries are super stars among health food advocates, who tout the fruit for not only promoting heart health, better memory and digestion, but also for improving night vision.

'Degrowth: A Vocabulary for a New Era'
Economic growth is harming the planet, it is incapable of eradicating poverty and it is not making us happier.

What agricultural 'ecosystems on steroids' are doing to the air
In a study that identifies a new, 'direct fingerprint' of human activity on Earth, scientists have found that agricultural crops play a big role in seasonal swings of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Living kidney donors more likely to be diagnosed with high BP or preeclampsia once pregnant
A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found living kidney donors were more likely to be diagnosed with gestational hypertension (high blood pressure) or preeclampsia than non-donors.

Giving LEDs a cozy, warm glow
When the 2014 Nobel Prize in physics was awarded this October to three Japanese-born scientists for the invention of blue light emitting diodes (LEDs), the prize committee declared LED lamps would light the 21st century.

Drinking age laws have a significant effect on collisions among young drivers
Minimum legal drinking age legislation in Canada can have a major impact on young drivers, according to a new study from the Northern Medical Program at the University of Northern British Columbia.

Digging for answers
On an archaeology field trip in New Mexico as an undergraduate in 2006, Dana Bardolph noticed something that struck her as an odd gender imbalance: The professor leading the dig was a man, while the graduate assistant and all but two of the 14 undergrads were women.

Bureau of Reclamation invests $9.2 million in water and power research
Following a year of record drought, water managers throughout the west are searching for information and ideas to ensure a reliable and sustainable water supply.

Common blood pressure medication does not increase risk of breast cancer, study finds
Women who take a common type of medication to control their blood pressure are not at increased risk of developing breast cancer due to the drug, according to new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah.

As winter approaches, switching to cleaner heating oils could prevent health problems
With temperatures dipping, homeowners are firing up their heaters. But systems that require heating oil release fine particles outside that could have harmful health effects.

Empa researchers among top 100 thinkers
The US journal Foreign Policy has named Empa researchers Artur Braun, Florent Boudoire, Rita Toth and Jakob Heier, and Edwin Constable from the University of Basel in the innovation category on the list of 100 Leading Global Thinkers 2014 in recognition of their research project on moth-eye solar cells for the direct conversion of sunlight into hydrogen.

Discrimination, family conflict key sources of stress for Latina immigrants
This study examines links between acculturative stress and mental health problems among Latina immigrants in the US.

Major new study reveals new similarities and differences between mice and humans
Powerful clues have been discovered about why the human immune system, metabolism, stress response, and other life functions are so different from those of the mouse.

The Association for Molecular Pathology announces 2014 award recipients
The Association for Molecular Pathology announced its 2014 award winners.
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