Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 20, 2014
Reprogramming 'support cells' into neurons could repair injured adult brains
The cerebral cortex lacks the ability to replace neurons that die as a result of Alzheimer's, stroke, and other devastating diseases.

Moffitt researchers use evolutionary principles to model cancer mutations
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers are taking a unique approach to understanding and investigating cancer by utilizing evolutionary principles and computational modeling to examine the role of specific genetic mutations in the Darwinian struggle among tumor and normal cells during cancer growth.

Contact lens discomfort linked to changes in lipid layer of tear film
Changes in the lipid layer of the eyes' natural tear film may contribute to the common problem of contact lens discomfort, reports a study in the December issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Time-lapse photos and synched weather data unlock Antarctic secrets
Brown University researchers are using time-lapse photography, linked to weather data, to study climate and geological change in the Antarctic Dry Valleys.

Bunsentagung 2015 will take place at RUB
In 2015, Germany's largest conference for physical chemistry will take place at Ruhr-Universität: in collaboration with the German Bunsen Society for Physical Chemistry, the Cluster of Excellence RESOLV organizes the Bunsentagung that will run from May 14-16, 2015.

New study reveals why some people may be immune to HIV-1
Doctors have long been mystified as to why HIV-1 rapidly sickens some individuals, while in others the virus has difficulties gaining a foothold.

Laser from a plane discovers Roman goldmines in Spain
Hidden under the vegetation and crops of the Eria Valley, in León (Spain), there is a gold mining network created by the Romans two thousand years ago, as well as complex hydraulic works, such as river diversions, to divert water to the mines of the precious metal.

A new tool for identifying onset of local influenza outbreaks
Hospital epidemiologists and others responsible for public health decisions do not declare the start of flu season lightly.

Weight and eating habits in Parkinson's disease
A review of the scientific literature on Parkinson's disease, conducted by SISSA research scientists, shows that even the non-motor symptoms associated with the disease can contribute to the changes in body weight seen in patients (including those subjected to deep brain stimulation).

Economic burden of prediabetes up 74 percent over five years
The economic burden of diabetes in America continues to climb, exceeding more than $322 billion in excess medical costs and lost productivity in 2012, or more than $1,000 for every American, according to a study being published in the December issue of Diabetes Care that also includes a state-by-state breakdown of the prevalence and costs associated with diabetes.

Panel-based genetic diagnostic testing for inherited eye disease proves highly accurate
Gene panel-based tests for inherited eye disorders have been previously reported, but none of these have been as thoroughly characterized with regard to their performance in a diagnostic setting as the GEDi test.

New survey of employers about the health insurance market
A new nationally representative survey of employers -- the largest purchasers of health care in the country -- shows that most are unfamiliar with objective metrics of health plan quality information.

Tropical rickettsial illnesses associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes
A recent study from the Thai-Myanmar border highlights the severe and previously under-reported adverse impact of readily treatable tropical rickettsial illnesses, notably scrub typhus and murine typhus, on pregnancy outcomes, finding that more than one third of affected pregnancies resulted either in stillbirth or premature and/or low birth weight babies.

Hee Oh to receive 2015 AMS Satter Prize
Hee Oh of Yale University will be awarded the 2015 AMS Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in January in San Antonio, Texas.

Kessler Foundation wins DOD grant to test virtual reality in balance dysfunction after TBI
Kessler Foundation is the recipient of a four-year grant for nearly $3 million from the Defense Medical Research and Development Program Department of Defensetitled, 'Improving Balance in Traumatic Brain Injury Using a Low-Cost Customized Virtual Reality Technology.' Principal investigators of the Clinical and Rehabilitative Medicine Research Program (CRMRP) Neurosensory Research Award (W81XWH-14-2-0150) are research scientists Karen Nolan, Ph.D., and Denise Krch, Ph.D.

Testosterone plays modest role in menopausal women's sexual function
Levels of testosterone and other naturally-occurring reproductive hormones play a limited role in driving menopausal women's interest in sex and sexual function, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

A global report card: Are children better off than they were 25 years ago?
UCLA's World Policy Analysis Center has published a comprehensive analysis of children's rights in 190 countries around the world.

Out of India
Working at the edge of a coal mine in India, a team of Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues have filled in a major gap in science's understanding of the evolution of a group of animals that includes horses and rhinos.

Breakthrough in managing yellow fever disease
Found in South America and sub-Saharan Africa, each year yellow fever results in 200,000 new cases and kills 30,000 people.

Researching the physics of cooling liquid metals adds levity to Space Station
A new European Space Agency facility aboard the space station will serve as a furnace capable of levitating and heating metals up to 3,632 degrees Fahrenheit.

Internists stress critically important issues to congressional leaders
It is critical that Congress consider two issues in this post-election lame-duck session the American College of Physicians today told Senators Reid and McConnell and Representatives Boehner and Pelosi.

Brain-dwelling worm in UK man's head sequenced
An extremely rare tapeworm that lived for four years in a man's brain has been genetically sequenced for the first time.

Firms pressure sales people to invest in costly internal negotiations: INFORMS study
In many firms sales people spend as much time negotiating internally for lower prices as they do interacting with customers.

Largest-ever map of the human interactome predicts new cancer genes
Scientists have created the largest-scale map to date of direct interactions between proteins encoded by the human genome and newly predicted dozens of genes to be involved in cancer.

How to estimate the magnetic field of an exoplanet?
Scientists developed a new method which allows to estimate the magnetic field of a distant exoplanet, i.e., a planet, which is located outside the Solar system and orbits a different star.

Not tonight, I have a headache
Kempner, whose own migraines began when she was only 5, examines how migraines disrupt so many lives yet still continue to be trivialized by so many.

Out of danger: A neural basis for avoiding threats
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have identified a key neuronal pathway that makes learning to avoid unpleasant situations possible.

PharmaMar presents results at EORTC-NCI-AACR to highlight a pipeline of targeted therapies
PharmaMar will present data at the EORTC-NCI-AACR for its drug Yondelis and several investigational compounds, highlighting its pipeline of targeted therapies.

Nail stem cells prove more versatile than press ons
There are plenty of body parts that don't grow back when you lose them.

Mass. General Hospital's Warren Triennial Prize to honor Bert Vogelstein
The 2014 Warren Triennial Prize of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) will be awarded to Bert Vogelstein, M.D., the Clayton Professor of Oncology and Pathology and director of the Ludwig Center for Cancer Genetics and Therapeutics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Discovery sheds light on nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event
A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents.

Fat a culprit in fibrotic lung damage
Researchers debate whether the lung tissue in pulmonary fibrosis is directly damaged, or whether immune cells initiate the scarring process -- an important distinction when trying to find ways to battle the disease.

Revealing political partisanship a bad idea on resumes
Displaced political aides looking for a new, nonpartisan job in the wake of the midterm power shuffle may fare better if they tone down any political references on their resumes, finds a new study from Duke University.

How fallopian tubes carry eggs unidirectionally
Researchers in Japan have revealed the mechanism that determines the direction of the transportation of eggs in the fallopian tube connecting the ovaries and uterus.

Unstable child care can affect children by age 4
A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveals that disruptions in child care negatively affect children's social development as early as age 4.

11-country survey of older adults: Americans sicker but have quicker access to specialists
A survey of older adults in eleven countries found Americans were sicker than their counterparts abroad, with 68 percent living with two or more chronic conditions and 53 percent taking four or more medications.

Employees of small, locally owned businesses have more company loyalty, Baylor study finds
Employees who work at small, locally owned businesses have the highest level of loyalty to their employers -- and for rural workers, size and company ownership figure into their commitment even more than job satisfaction does, according to Baylor researchers.

New computer model predicts gut metabolites to better understand gastrointestinal disease
Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from Texas A&M University have published the first research to use computational modeling to predict and identify the metabolic products of gastrointestinal tract microorganisms.

Universities of Mainz and Nagoya finalize exchange program for students, researchers in physics
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and Nagoya University finalize exchange program for students and researchers in physics.

Health screening for industrial machines
Germany's Industry 4.0 initiative aims to develop industrial machinery with built-in intelligence based on smart self-monitoring functions.

Caltech geologists discover ancient buried canyon in South Tibet
A team of researchers from Caltech and the China Earthquake Administration has discovered an ancient, deep canyon buried along the Yarlung Tsangpo River in south Tibet, north of the eastern end of the Himalayas.

Exercise regimens offer little benefit for 1 in 5 people with type 2 diabetes
As many as one in five people with Type 2 diabetes do not see any improvement in blood sugar management when they engage in a supervised exercise regimen, according to a new scientific review published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Oat oil preparation makes you feel fuller
Oats contain more fat than other cereals, and oat oil has a unique composition.

Mount Sinai researchers awarded grant to find new stem cell therapies for vision recovery
The National Eye Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai a five-year grant totaling $1 million that will support an effort to re-create a patients' ocular stem cells and restore vision in those blinded by corneal disease.

Cost of meeting basic needs rising faster than wages in Washington state
A new report finds that the cost of meeting basic needs has far outstripped wages for many people in Washington state, especially families.

New device reduces scarring in damaged blood vessels
The device developed at Northwestern University contains a form of vitamin A that controls inflammatory responses, preventing scar tissue formation and promoting wound healing.

Serotonin's early role in the assembly of brain circuits
During the development of the cortex, different kinds of neurons must migrate to attain their final destinations, before forming the essential neural circuits necessary for good cognitive and emotional function.

Himalaya tectonic dam with a discharge
The geologic history of the famous Tsangpo Gorge, in the eastern Himalaya, now needs to be rewritten.

A CNIO team discovers that a derivative of vitamin B3 prevents liver cancer in mice
Researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), have produced the first mouse model that faithfully reproduces the steps of human HCC development.

Exercise may improve physical function, lessen pain in patients with kidney disease
A 12-week course of aerobic exercise improved physical function and quality of life in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease.

Antiangiogenic treatment improves survival in animal model of ovarian cancer
Coupling an antiangiogenic treatment with low-dose chemotherapy results in improved survival rates in an animal model of ovarian cancer.

Intrepid scientific explorer recounts lifetime of work and adventure in Amazon
In 'That Glorious Forest: Exploring the Plants and Their Indigenous Uses in Amazonia,' Sir Ghillean Prance chronicles nearly five decades of experience as one of the seminal explorers of the Amazon rain forest in modern times.

Breakthrough in managing yellow fever disease
Yellow fever is a disease that can result in symptoms ranging from fever to severe liver damage.

Pluripotent cells created by nuclear transfer can prompt immune reaction, researchers find
Mouse cells and tissues created through nuclear transfer can be rejected by the body because of a previously unknown immune response to the cell's mitochondria, according to a study in mice by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and colleagues in Germany, England and at MIT.

Extreme weather in the Arctic problematic for people, wildlife
A new cross-disciplinary study provides a comprehensive look at the effects of an extreme weather event in the High Arctic on everything from town infrastructure to the natural environment.

Unravelling the mystery of gamma-ray bursts
A team of scientists hope to trace the origins of gamma-ray bursts with the aid of giant space 'microphones.' Researchers at Cardiff University are trying to work out the possible sounds scientists might expect to hear when the ultra-sensitive LIGO and Virgo detectors are switched on in 2015.

China's new 'Great Wall' not so great
China's second great wall, a vast seawall covering more than half of the country's mainland coastline, is a foundation for financial gain -- and also a dyke holding a swelling rush of ecological woes.

UTMB professors receive American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene national awards
Scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch were recognized with prestigious awards for their contributions in research at the annual American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene meeting.

UT grad student Veronica Garcia awarded microbiology fellowship
Veronica Garcia, a student at the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, has been awarded a Robert D.

Don't get hacked! Research shows how much we ignore online warnings
New research finds that people say they care about online security but behave like they don't -- such as ignoring security warnings.

Caffeine counters cocaine's effects on women's estrus cycles
Women are more sensitive to the effects of cocaine and more susceptible to cocaine abuse than men.

Heterosexuals have egalitarian views on legal benefits for same-sex couples, not on PDA
A new study indicates that heterosexuals have predominately egalitarian views on legal benefits for -- but not public displays of affection (PDA) by -- same-sex couples.

In full view
Scientists looking to understand -- and potentially thwart -- the influenza virus now have a much more encompassing view, thanks to the first complete structure of one of the flu virus' key machines.

Signaling molecule crucial to stem cell reprogramming
While investigating a rare genetic disorder, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that a ubiquitous signaling molecule is crucial to cellular reprogramming, a finding with significant implications for stem cell-based regenerative medicine, wound repair therapies and potential cancer treatments.

UH cancer study receives $1.5 million grant from NIH
After earning her medical degree in China, Qian Lu, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Houston, believed she could help patients more by treating the mind as well as the body.

Researchers report way to target hard-to-hit site in disease pathway
Researchers have successfully targeted an important molecular pathway that fuels a variety of cancers and related developmental syndromes called 'Rasopathies.' Reporting their results Nov.

From cognition to control: Fundamental research continues to advance cooperative robots
From disaster recovery to caring for the elderly in the home, scientists and engineers are developing robots that can handle critical tasks in close proximity to humans, safely and with greater resilience than previous generations of intelligent machines.

Imagination, reality flow in opposite directions in the brain
As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite reality.

When vaccines are imperfect
The control of certain childhood diseases is difficult, despite high vaccination coverage in many countries.

Rutgers chemistry professor Darrin York named New Jersey Professor of the Year
Rutgers chemistry professor Darrin York developed a learning system that connects students and instructors to each other online, provides immediate feedback and a more intimate give-and-take than the 'recitation' classes that students used to take.

Evolution: The genetic connivances of digits and genitals
During the development of mammals, the growth and organization of digits are orchestrated by Hox genes, which are activated very early in precise regions of the embryo.

TSRI researchers find how mutant gene can cause deafness
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered how one gene is essential to hearing, uncovering a cause of deafness and suggesting new avenues for therapies.

An Ebola virus protein can cause massive inflammation and leaky blood vessels
Ebola GP protein covers the virus' surface and is shed from infected cells during infection.

Staying ahead of the game: Pre-empting flu evolution may make for better vaccines
An international team of researchers has shown that it may be possible to improve the effectiveness of the seasonal flu vaccine by 'pre-empting' the evolution of the influenza virus.

Results of new drug, ASP8273, show response in patients with treatment-resistant NSCLC
In a second presentation looking at new ways of treating non-small cell lung cancer that has both the EGFR and T790M mutations, researchers will tell the 26th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium that an oral drug called ASP8273 has caused tumor shrinkage in patients in a phase I clinical trial in Japan.

Study: Volunteering can help save wildlife
Participation of non-scientists as volunteers in conservation can play a significant role in saving wildlife, finds a new scientific research led by Duke University, USA, in collaboration with Wildlife Conservation Society and Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bengaluru.

How do teenage boys perceive their weight?
Almost one third of male adolescents inaccurately perceive their weight.

Tapeworms on the brain expand our knowledge of their genome
A genome of a rare species of tapeworm found living inside a patient's brain has been sequenced for the first time, in research published in the open-access journal Genome Biology.

The cellular origin of fibrosis
Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital have found the cellular origin of the tissue scarring caused by organ damage associated with diabetes, lung disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, and other conditions.

Hand dryers can spread bacteria in public toilets, research finds
Modern hand dryers are much worse than paper towels when it comes to spreading germs, according to new University of Leeds research.

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last Ice Age
Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in large quantities around 14,600 years ago.

Running really can keep you young, says CU-Boulder-Humboldt State study
A new study involving the University of Colorado Boulder and Humboldt State University shows that senior citizens who run several times a week for exercise expend about the same amount of energy walking as a typical 20-year-old.

US policy that gives priority to prior organ donors who need a transplant is working
Living organ donors who later need kidney transplants have much shorter waiting times, and they receive higher quality kidneys compared with similar people on the waiting list who were not organ donors.

UC Irvine-Italian researchers create first inhibitor for enzyme linked to cancers
Recent studies showing acid ceramidase (AC) to be upregulated in melanoma, lung and prostate cancers have made the enzyme a desired target for novel synthetic inhibitor compounds.

Salk scientists unveil powerful method to speed cancer drug discovery
The new method lets researchers identify weak and previously undetectable interactions between proteins inside living cells.

Darwin 2.0
It has long been thought that dramatic changes in a landscape like the formation of the Andes Mountain range or the Amazon River is the main driver that initiates species to diverge.

Springer and Dutch universities reach wide-ranging agreement on access
Springer Science+Business Media and the Association of Dutch Universities have reached a landmark agreement which includes access to more than 2,000 of Springer's subscription journals as well as a commitment to rapidly moving toward open access publishing for all publicly financed research results from the Netherlands.

Epidemic spreading and neurodegenerative progression
Researchers from the Montreal Neurological Institute have used a model inspired by patterns of epidemic disease spreading to map how misfolded proteins propagate within the brain.

Only half of patients take their medications as prescribed
The cost of patients not taking their medications as prescribed can be substantial in terms of their health.

Job authority increases depression symptoms in women, decreases them in men
A new study finds that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men.

UO-industry collaboration points to improved nanomaterials
A potential path to identify imperfections and improve the quality of nanomaterials for use in next-generation solar cells has emerged from a collaboration of University of Oregon and industry researchers.

Versatile bonding for lightweight components
New materials are making cars, planes and all sorts of other things lighter.

For women, job authority adds to depression symptoms
Job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men, according to a new study of more than 1,300 middle-aged men and 1,500 middle-aged women published in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Creating a vaccine against canine gum disease
Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is one of the most prevalent medical conditions in adult dogs.

Biomarker could provide early warning of kidney disease in cats
Researchers have developed a new biomarker called 'SDMA' that can provide earlier identification of chronic kidney disease in cats, which is one of the leading causes of their death.

The STING of radiation
A team of researchers led by Ludwig Chicago's Yang-Xin Fu and Ralph Weichselbaum has uncovered the primary signaling mechanisms and cellular interactions that drive immune responses against tumors treated with radiotherapy.

Longer work hours for moms mean less sleep, higher BMIs for preschoolers
A study finds a link between moms' employment and overweight/obesity in preschoolers.

NRL scientists discover novel metamaterial properties within hexagonal boron nitride
Researchers have demonstrated that confined surface phonon polaritons within hexagonal boron nitride exhibit unique metamaterial properties that enable novel nanoscale optical devices.

Livermore scientists show salinity counts when it comes to sea level
Using ocean observations and a large suite of climate models, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have found that long-term salinity changes have a stronger influence on regional sea level changes than previously thought.

Study: Obesity fuels silent heart damage
Using an ultrasensitive blood test to detect the presence of a protein that heralds heart muscle injury, researchers from Johns Hopkins and elsewhere have found that obese people without overt heart disease experience silent cardiac damage that fuels their risk for heart failure down the road.

Immune cells from the spleen found to control chronic high blood pressure
High blood pressure is a leading cause of death around the world, and its prevalence continues to rise.

Pain, magnet displacement in MRI in patients with cochlear implants
Pain, discomfort and magnet displacement were documented in a small medical records review study of patients with cochlear implants who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites
Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation and respiration, with the help of clusters of metal atoms as 'active' sites.

Mediterranean meteorological tide has increased by over a millimetre a year since 1989
A new database developed by the University of Cantabria (Spain) provides data on sea level variation due to atmospheric changes in the south of Europe between 1948 and 2009.

New FRAX version 3.9 extends fracture risk assessment tool to four more countries
FRAX is a widely utilized clinical tool which allows primary healthcare providers worldwide to calculate an individual's 10-year probability of osteoporotic fracture.

Brain training using sounds can help aging brain ignore distractions
As we age, we have an increasingly harder time ignoring distractions.

University of Kentucky reports HIV/AIDS drugs could be repurposed to treat AMD
A new study released by the University of Kentucky today reports that drugs that have been used for the past 30 years to treat HIV/AIDS, could be repurposed to treat the dry form of age-related macular degeneration.

It's filamentary: How galaxies evolve in the cosmic web
How do galaxies like our Milky Way form, and just how do they evolve?

New study: Aggressive conifer removal benefits Sierra aspen
Most of the aspen stands that dotted the Sierra Nevada less than a century ago are gone or are in poor health.

Three drugs may be better than one for certain patients with advanced colorectal cancer
Patients with a form of advanced colorectal cancer that is driven by a mutated version of the BRAF gene have limited treatment options available.

Research finds tooth enamel fast-track in humans
Research from the University of Kent has discovered a link between prenatal enamel growth rates in teeth and weaning in human babies.

New grant focuses on pain, fatigue and other common, disabling, undertreated symptoms
Symptoms like pain and fatigue account for 400 million appointments with physicians annually -- 50 percent of all visits in the US.

Education empowers Canadians but raises risks of overwork and work-family stress
The higher your level of education, the greater your earnings and your sense of 'personal mastery' or being in control of your fate, University of Toronto researchers say.

Mass. General-developed system reveals how our brains and bodies change as we fall asleep
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a system to accurately track the dynamic process of falling asleep, something has not been possible with existing techniques.

New technique allows ultrasound to penetrate bone, metal
Researchers have developed a technique that allows ultrasound to penetrate bone or metal, using customized structures that offset the distortion usually caused by these so-called 'aberrating layers.'

Halting the hijacker: Cellular targets to thwart influenza virus infection
In a comprehensive new study published today in the journal Cell Host and Microbe, the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Yoshihiro Kawaoka and a team of researchers have revealed methods for thwarting influenza viruses by shutting down the cellular machinery they need, like cutting the fuel line on a bank robber's getaway car.

$50,000 childhood cancer research grant awarded to University of Louisville
The St. Baldrick's Foundation has awarded a $50,000 grant to the University of Louisville's Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation to help enable more children with cancer enroll in clinical trials.

Every step you take: STING pathway key to tumor immunity
A protein complex known as STING plays a crucial role in detecting the presence of tumor cells and promoting an aggressive anti-tumor response by the body's innate immune system, according to two separate studies in Immunity.

Dizzying heights: Prehistoric farming on the 'roof of the world'
Archaeological findings pose questions about genetic resistance in humans to altitude sickness and genetic response in crop plants to flowering times and ultraviolet radiation tolerance.

A path to brighter images and more efficient LCD displays
University of Utah engineers have developed a polarizing filter that allows in more light, leading the way for mobile device displays that last much longer on a single battery charge and cameras that can shoot in dim light.

Bacterial slime: It's what's for dinner
It a natural or manmade disaster caused global crop failure, we wouldn't starve, says Joshua Pearce, author of a new book called 'Feeding Everyone No Matter What.' We'd just eat bugs and bacterial slime.

The American athletics track is still a man's world
The limited coverage that American female athletes get in the media is one of many subtle forms of gender biases they have to cope with.

Deep-earth carbon offers clues on origin of life on Earth
Scientist reveal details about carbon deep beneath the Earth's surface and suggest ways it might have influenced the history of life on the planet.

Penn researchers unwind the mysteries of the cellular clock
Underlying circadian rhythms is a clock built of transcription factors that control the oscillation of genes, serving as the wheels and springs of the clock.

The riddle of the missing stars
Thanks to the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, some of the most mysterious cosmic residents have just become even more puzzling.

Effectiveness of campaigns addressing violence against women and girls examined
Mary Ellsberg and Diana J. Arango from GW's Global Women's Institute examine programs aimed at reducing violence against women and girls.

New approach for treating ALS
Blocking molecules involved in ALS-drug resistance may improve how well ALS therapeutics work, suggesting that re-evaluation of drugs that appeared to have failed might be appropriate.

GPM measured Tropical Storm Adjali's rainfall before dissipation
Moderate rainfall was occurring around the center of Tropical Storm Adjali before it dissipated, according to data from NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM satellites.

The Lancet: Worldwide action needed to address hidden crisis of violence against women and girls
Current efforts to prevent violence against women and girls are inadequate, according to a new Series published in The Lancet.

3-D printer powered up on the International Space Station
This week, NASA took a big step toward changing the way we plan for long-duration space voyages when astronaut Barry 'Butch' Wilmore successfully installed and prepared the first 3-D printer for upcoming manufacturing operations on the space station. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to