Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 24, 2014
Scientists solve reptile mysteries with landmark study on the evolution of turtles
A team of scientists, including researchers from the California Academy of Sciences, has reconstructed a detailed 'tree of life' for turtles.

Can stress management help save honeybees?
Honeybee populations are clearly under stress -- from the Varroa mite, insecticides, and other factors -- but it's been difficult to pinpoint any one of them as the root cause of devastating losses in honeybee hives.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine Supplement
The US Preventive Services Task Force found insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults.

Two studies, 2 editorials put focus on school breakfasts, lunches
Schools offering Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC) had higher participation in the national school breakfast program and attendance, but math and reading achievement did not differ between schools with or without BIC, according to a study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Healthy gut microbiota can prevent metabolic syndrome, researchers say
Promoting healthy gut microbiota, the bacteria that live in the intestine, can help treat or prevent metabolic syndrome, a combination of risk factors that increases a person's risk for heart disease, diabetes and stroke, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Cornell University.

Pain and itch in a dish
A team led by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute has found a simple method to convert human skin cells into the specialized neurons that detect pain, itch, touch and other bodily sensations.

Does a yogurt a day keep diabetes away?
A high intake of yogurt has been found to be associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to research published in open access journal BMC Medicine.

Computer to simulate harbor porpoises
Researchers at Aarhus University, Denmark, use a computer model to predict the impact of new offshore wind farms on the population of harbor porpoises in the North Sea.

UAlberta researchers stop 'vicious cycle of inflammation' that leads to tumor growth
A team of researchers from the University of Alberta has discovered a new approach to fighting breast and thyroid cancers by targeting an enzyme they say is the culprit for the 'vicious cycle' of tumor growth, spread and resistance to treatment.

Declining loneliness among American teenagers
In an effort to study the societal trend of loneliness, researchers from the University of Queensland and Griffith University conducted an analysis of data on high school and college students.

University of Minnesota, Tufts University part of global workforce development against emerging pandemic threats
Under a new five-year award of up to $50 million, the University of Minnesota and Tufts University will be part of an international partnership of universities to strengthen global workforce development against emerging pandemic threats.

The living, breathing ocean
The ocean is a complex ecosystem. The ocean carbon cycle is governed by the relationship among carbon, nutrients and oxygen, and the ratio between certain elements is key to understanding ocean respiration.

New research discovers gene that reduces risk of stroke
Scientists have discovered a gene that protects people against one of the major causes of stroke in young and middle-aged adults and could hold the key to new treatments.

Schizophrenia may be triggered by excess protein during brain development
A gene associated with schizophrenia plays a role in brain development and may help to explain the biological process of the disease, according to new Rutgers research.

Adult survivors of childhood eye cancer experience few cognitive or social setbacks
Adult survivors of retinoblastoma, a type of eye cancer that usually develops in early childhood, have few cognitive or social problems decades following their diagnosis and treatment.

Columbia honors research on the genetics of diabetes
Columbia University Medical Center has presented Andrew Hattersley, D.M., and Mark McCarthy, M.D., with the 16th Naomi Berrie Award for Outstanding Research in Diabetes, for their work on the genetics of the disease.

Asteroid impacts on Earth make structurally bizarre diamonds
Arizona State University scientists have settled a longstanding controversy over a purported rare form of diamond called lonsdaleite -- a type of diamond formed by impact shock, but which lacks the three-dimensional regularity of ordinary diamond.

American Association for Advancement of Science elects Virginia Tech professors as Fellows
Honored were Madhav V. Marathe, director of the Network Dynamics and Simulation Science Laboratory at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute; Joseph C.

Penn team's game theory analysis shows how evolution favors cooperation's collapse
With a new analysis of the Prisoner's Dilemma played in a large, evolving population, University of Pennsylvania scientists found that adding more flexibility to the game can allow selfish strategies to be more successful.

Educating on sickle cell risk
Members of the public in sub-Saharan Africa who are carriers of the hereditary disease sickle cell disease must be educated aggressively through public health campaigns to raise awareness of the risks of parenting offspring with the disease if their partner is also a carrier, according to research published in the International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics.

Bad news for kids
Do parents defend their offspring whenever necessary, and do self-sacrificing parents really exist?

Motor coordination issues in autism are caused by abnormal neural connections
Abnormal connections between neurons are the likely cause of motor coordination issues seen in autism spectrum disorder.

Football players found to have brain damage from mild 'unreported' concussions
According to Dr. Alon Friedman, from the Ben-Gurion University Brain Imaging Research Center and discoverer of the new diagnostic, 'until now, there wasn't a diagnostic capability to identify mild brain injury early after the trauma.

Cooling with the coldest matter in the world
Physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new cooling technique for mechanical quantum systems.

New treatments for cancer, diabetes, and heart disease -- you may have a pig to thank
Genetically engineered pigs, minipigs, and microminipigs are valuable tools for biomedical research, as their lifespan, anatomy, physiology, genetic make-up, and disease mechanisms are more similar to humans than the rodent models typically used in drug discovery research.

End to end 5G for super, superfast mobile
A collaboration between NEC Electronics and several academic centers in China and Iran, is investigating how software-defined cellular networking might be used to give smart phone users the next generation of super-superfast broadband, 5G.

Lancet article: Afferent's P2X3 inhibitor shows 75 percent reduction in chronic cough frequency
Afferent Pharmaceuticals is announcing online publication in The Lancet of results from a Phase 2 clinical trial demonstrating that Afferent's drug candidate -- AF-219 -- reduced daytime cough frequency by 75 percent compared to placebo in patients with treatment-refractory chronic cough.

New device could make large biological circuits practical
An innovation from MIT could allow many biological components to be connected to produce predictable effects.

Magnetic fields and lasers elicit graphene secret
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf have studied the dynamics of electrons from the 'wonder material' graphene in a magnetic field for the first time.

UTSA to develop online cybersecurity training for communities
The Center for Infrastructure Assurance and Security at The University of Texas at San Antonio has received $300,000 from FEMA to develop online training for community emergency managers.

'Dramatic' early phase 1 results for AG-120 in IDH1 mutated AML
University of Colorado Cancer Center study shows 'extremely promising' early phase 1 clinical trial results for the investigational drug AG-120 against the subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring mutations in the gene IDH1.

New bird species confirmed 15 years after first observation
A team led by researchers from Princeton University, Michigan State University and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences have confirmed the discovery of a new bird species more than 15 years after the elusive animal was first seen.

New method to determine antibiotic resistance fast
Scientists from Uppsala University, the Science for Life Laboratory in Stockholm and Uppsala University Hospital have developed a new method of rapidly identifying which bacteria are causing an infection and determining whether they are resistant or sensitive to antibiotics.

Study: US attracting fewer educated, highly skilled migrants
A new study using data from the social networking site LinkedIn showed a sharp drop-off in the proportional number of skilled workers migrating to the United States.

Study finds way to conserve soil and water in world's driest wheat region
In the world's driest rainfed wheat region, Washington State University researchers have identified summer fallow management practices that can make all the difference for farmers, water and soil conservation, and air quality.

Cell therapy trial offers new hope to liver disease patients
Researchers from the University of Edinburgh have received funding to start testing a new cell therapy to treat patients with liver disease.

Muscle relaxant may be viable treatment for rare form of diabetes
A commonly prescribed muscle relaxant may be an effective treatment for a rare but devastating form of diabetes, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Innovative new supercomputers increase nation's computational capacity and capability
Tens of thousands of researchers nationwide currently harness the power of massive supercomputers to solve research problems that cannot be answered in the lab.

An inside job: UC-designed nanoparticles infiltrate, kill cancer cells from within
UC nanoparticle designs target and treat early stage cancer cells by killing those cells with heat, delivered from inside the cell itself.

Teens prescribed anti-anxiety or sleep medications more likely to abuse those drugs illegally
Teens prescribed anti-anxiety or sleep medications may be up to 12 times more likely to abuse those drugs illegally than teens who have never received a prescription, often by obtaining additional pills from friends or family members, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Teens prescribed anxiety, sleep medications likelier to illegally abuse them later
The medical community may be inadvertently creating a new generation of illegal, recreational drug users by prescribing anti-anxiety or sleep medications to teenagers, say University of Michigan researchers.

Scientists do glass a solid -- with new theory on how it transitions from a liquid
How does glass transition from a liquid to its familiar solid state?

The sound of status: People know high-power voices when they hear them
Being in a position of power can fundamentally change the way you speak, altering basic acoustic properties of the voice, and other people are able to pick up on these vocal cues to know who is really in charge, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Drugs to block angiogenesis could provide new treatment for TB
Duke researchers have shown that tuberculosis bacteria escape the little pellets of immune system containment called granulomas with the help of new blood vessels that tunnel into the clusters to provide fresh oxygen and an escape route.

Physicists and chemists work to improve digital memory technology
A team led by University of Nebraska-Lincoln researchers study graphene and ammonia to develop high-speed, high-capacity random access memory.

Boy moms more social in chimpanzees
Four decades of chimpanzee observations reveals the mothers of sons are 25 percent more social than the mothers of daughters, spending about two hours more per day with other chimpanzees than the girl moms did.

SIAM Executive Director James Crowley named AAAS Fellow
James M. Crowley has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for a distinguished record as a scientific administrator in the US Air Force and for the past two decades of outstanding leadership as executive director of SIAM, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematic.

Two University of Houston scientists elected as AAAS Fellows
Two scientists from the University of Houston have been elected as fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Masking HIV target cells prevents viral transmission in animal model
Cloaking immune cells with antibodies that block T cell trafficking to the gut can substantially reduce the risk of viral transmission in a non-human primate model of HIV infection, scientists report.

Study finds provider-focused intervention improves HPV vaccination rates
Changing the way doctors practice medicine is difficult, however a new study has shown that combining traditional education with quality improvement and incentives improves Human Papilloma virus vaccination rates in boys and girls.

Biology trumps chemistry in open ocean
Scientists laid out a new framework based on in situ observations that will allow them to describe and understand how phytoplankton assimilate limited concentrations of phosphorus, a key nutrient, in the ocean in ways that better reflect what is actually occurring in the marine environment.

ASU, IBM move ultrafast, low-cost DNA sequencing technology a step closer to reality
A team of scientists from Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute and IBM's T.J.

Delaying ART in patients with HIV reduces likelihood of restoring CD4 counts
A larger percentage of patients with human immunodeficiency virus achieved normalization of CD4+ T-cell counts when they started antiretroviral therapy within 12 months of the estimated dates of seroconversion rather than later, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Animals steal defenses from bacteria
Bacteria compete for resources in the environment by injecting deadly toxins into their rivals.

Babies remember nothing but a good time, study says
Researchers performed memory tests with 5-month-old babies. The babies better remembered shapes that were introduced with happy voices and faces.

How does the brain react to virtual reality? Study by UCLA neuroscientists provides answer
UCLA neurophysicists studying a key brain region where Alzheimer's disease begins have discovered how the brain processes virtual reality.

Toxin targets discovered
Research that provides a new understanding of how bacterial toxins target human cells is set to have major implications for the development of novel drugs and treatment strategies.

Endangered Idaho salmon regaining fitness advantage
Endangered Snake River sockeye salmon are regaining the fitness of their wild ancestors, with naturally spawned juvenile sockeye returning from the ocean at a much higher rate than others from hatcheries, a new analysis has found.

Grasshoppers signal slow recovery of post-agricultural woodlands, study finds
By comparing grasshoppers found at woodland sites once used for agriculture to similar sites never disturbed by farming, UW-Madison researchers Philip Hahn and John Orrock show that despite decades of recovery, the numbers and types of species found in each differ, as do the understory plants and other ecological variables, like soil properties.

President Obama presents the National Medals of Science, National Medals of Technology and Innovation
At a White House ceremony last Thursday, President Obama presented the National Medal of Science and National Medal of Technology and Innovation to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering.

Ultra-short X-ray pulses explore the nano world
Ultra-short and extremely strong X-ray flashes, as produced by free-electron lasers, are opening the door to a hitherto unknown world.

Important element in the fight against sleeping sickness found
Researchers from Aarhus have now uncovered how parasites that cause the deadly sleeping sickness in Africa absorb an important nutrient from the human blood stream.

NSF awards $1.35 million for new institute focused on Earth's critical zone: Where rock meets life
Supported by a $1.35 million grant from the National Science Foundation, researchers at 10 locations are working to improve understanding of Earth's critical zone.

University of Oklahoma vice president for research named 2014 AAAS fellow
Kelvin Droegemeier, vice president for research on the University of Oklahoma Norman campus and Regents' Professor of Meteorology, has been named a 2014 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Eight MD Anderson faculty named as AAAS fellows
Their responsibilities may range from exploring the intricacies of biostatistics to bringing new drugs more rapidly to the patient, but eight faculty members from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center all share one honor -- being named as Fellows by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Five University of Tennessee faculty named AAAS Fellows
Five University of Tennessee, Knoxville, professors have been named by the American Association for the Advancement of Science to its 2014 class of fellows for their teaching and research.

Elsevier announces launch of new journal: Current Opinion in Food Science
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of the latest title in the Current Opinion journal series: Current Opinion in Food Science.

Wireless electronic implants stop staph, then dissolve
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a resorbable electronic implant that eliminated bacterial infection in mice by delivering heat to infected tissue when triggered by a remote wireless signal.

Scientists identify bone cells that could help children who need corrective facial surgery
Our bones are smart. Bones know that by adolescence it's time to stop growing longer and stronger, and from that point on bones keep their shape by healing injuries.

Obese children burdened by more than weight
High blood pressure and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are two emerging health problems related to the epidemic of childhood obesity.

Circumstances are right for weed invasion to escalate, researchers say
What some farmers grow as pasture plants others view as weeds.

Six faculty members at Albert Einstein College of Medicine named 2014 AAAS Fellows
Six faculty members at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Narrow time window exists to start HIV therapy, study shows
HIV-1 infected US military members and beneficiaries treated with antiretroviral therapy soon after infection were half as likely to develop AIDS and were more likely to reconstitute their immune-fighting CD4+ T-cells to normal levels, researchers reported Nov.

Two Rutgers professors named fellows of top national science association
Two Rutgers professors are among 401 members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science who have been elevated to the rank of fellow.

Johns Hopkins scientists link gene to tamoxifen-resistant breast cancers
After mining the genetic records of thousands of breast cancer patients, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have identified a gene whose presence may explain why some breast cancers are resistant to tamoxifen, a widely used hormone treatment generally used after surgery, radiation and other chemotherapy.

Study finds most older adults qualify for statin therapy under new cholesterol guidelines
According to research published today by Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation research cardiologist Michael Miedema, M.D., M.P.H., nearly all individuals in their late 60s and early 70s now qualify for a statin medication to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease under the recently released cholesterol guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association.

Selenium compounds boost immune system to fight against cancer
Cancer types such as melanoma, prostate cancer and certain types of leukaemia weaken the body by over-activating the natural immune system.

Climate change could affect future of Lake Michigan basin
Climate change could lengthen the growing season, make soil drier and decrease winter snowpack in the Lake Michigan Basin by the turn of the century, among other hydrological effects.

Basic vs. advanced life support outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Patients who had cardiac arrest at home or elsewhere outside of a hospital had greater survival to hospital discharge and to 90 days beyond if they received basic life support vs. advanced life support from ambulance personnel, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Survivors of childhood eye cancer experience normal cognitive functioning as adults
Most long-term survivors of retinoblastoma, particularly those who had been diagnosed with tumors by their first birthdays, have normal cognitive function as adults, according to a St.

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion
For coral reefs to persist, rates of reef construction must exceed reef breakdown.

AAAS and the Allen Institute for Brain Science announce 2014 fellows
Christof Koch, Chief Scientific Officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Study shows mental health impact of breast size differences in teens
Differences in breast size have a significant mental health impact in adolescent girls, affecting self-esteem, emotional well-being, and social functioning, reports the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Experience with family verbal conflict as a child can help in stressful situations as an adult
A recent study published in the journal Human Communication Research by researchers at Rollins College and The Pennsylvania State University found that individuals who were exposed to intense verbal aggression as children are able to handle intense conflict later in life.

Two Kansas State University researchers named AAAS fellows
A physicist and an entomologist have been named 2014 fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, or AAAS, the world's largest scientific society.

Underwater robot sheds new light on Antarctic sea ice
The first detailed, high-resolution 3-D maps of Antarctic sea ice have been developed using an underwater robot.

How can we help manage eating disorders?
New guidelines released for the clinical management of eating disorders.

ORNL researchers Buchanan, Liang, Mayes named AAAS fellows
Three staff members from Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Excessive contact between cellular organelles disrupts metabolism in obesity
Researchers at Harvard School of Public Health have found a novel mechanism causing type 2 diabetes that could be targeted to prevent or treat the disease.

New support for structure-guided drug discovery coalition research on tropical diseases
Almost $2 million is being invested by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help fight major parasitic diseases of the developing world.

Too much turkey: What happens when you overeat? (video)
The season of giving is often also the season of over-indulging at the dinner table.

Three UC San Diego professors named AAAS Fellows
The American Association for the Advancement of Science, the largest general science organization in the United States, has awarded the distinction of Fellow to three UC San Diego professors.

JAX research team identifies new mechanism for misfolded proteins in heart disease
A Jackson Laboratory research team has found that the misfolded proteins implicated in several cardiac diseases could be the result not of a mutated gene, but of mistranslations during the 'editing' process of protein synthesis.

Italian natural history museums on the verge of collapse?
Are Italian natural history museums on the verge of collapse?

Discovery by NUS researchers contributes towards future treatment of multiple sclerosis
A multi-disciplinary research team from the National University of Singapore has made a breakthrough discovery of a new type of immune cells that may help in the development of a future treatment for multiple sclerosis.

New volume documents the science at the legendary snowmastodon fossil site in Colorado
Four years ago, a bulldozer turned over some bones at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado.

Time in space exposes materials to the test of time
To understand how different materials perform in low Earth orbit, researchers designed the Materials International Space Station Experiment, a series of flight investigations mounted to the exterior of the International Space Station.

Starting treatment soon after HIV infection improves immune health, study finds
In many countries outside the United States, decisions on when to start treatment for HIV infection are based on the level of certain white blood cells called CD4+ T cells, which are commonly measured to determine immune health.

UC3M, IISFJD and CIEMAT create a Chair for Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Bioengineering
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, the Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria of the Fundación Jiménez Díaz and the Spanish National Research Center for Energy, Environment and Technology have signed a collaboration agreement to create the FJD Chair of Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Bioengineering which aspires to boost biomedical research and develop innovative therapies.

AAAS and University of South Florida announce 2014 Fellows
Five faculty members from the University of South Florida in Tampa have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Device controls brain activity to maximize therapy
Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are trying to help patients who have suffered a stroke improve their arm movement by stimulating the brain using a device called a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator (TMS).

Cell's skeleton is never still
Computer models developed at Rice University show how microtubules age.

Scientist gets more support to study Deepwater Horizon spill impact on coast
An associate professor in earth and planetary sciences at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and her team have made new discoveries about bacterial diversity and oil degradation processes never before seen in marshes -- and thanks to a new grant, their work can continue.

Environmental 'tipping points' key to predicting extinctions
Researchers from North Carolina State University have created a model that mimics how differently adapted populations may respond to rapid climate change.

ASU joins pathbreaking radio telescope project to study early universe
In becoming a partner in the Murchison Widefield Array radio telescope, scientists from Arizona State University's School of Earth and Space Exploration will be using it to explore the beginning of the universe.

Threats of terrorism perceived differently depending on identification within a group
People who see their group as more homogenous -- for instance, the more one thinks Americans are similar to each other -- are less likely to be influenced by external terrorist threat alerts, according to research from NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

High-dose interleukin-2 effective in mRCC pre-treated with VEGF-targeted therapies
High-dose interleukin-2 can be effective in selected metastatic renal cell cancer patients pre-treated with VEGF-targeted agents, reveals research presented at the ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology in Geneva, Switzerland.

Avoiding ecosystem collapse
Three new studies describe concrete actions to prevent or reverse abrupt ecological shifts.

Sleep apnea linked to poor aerobic fitness
People with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea may have an intrinsic inability to burn high amounts of oxygen during strenuous aerobic exercise, according to a new study led by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

Preconception care for diabetic women could potentially save $5.5 billion
Pregnant women with diabetes are at an increased risk for many adverse birth outcomes.

Unmanned underwater vehicle provides first 3-D images of underside of Antarctic sea ice
A National Science Foundation-funded research team has successfully tested an autonomous underwater vehicle, AUV, that can produce high-resolution, three-dimensional maps of Antarctic sea ice.

Breaking with tradition: The 'personal touch' is key to cultural preservation
'Memes' transfer cultural information like rituals in much the way that genes inherit biological properties.

CPRIT awards UTSW faculty $22.5 million
UT Southwestern Medical Center faculty was awarded eight grants totaling more than $22 million from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas for investigations into leukemia, liver cancer, and immunotherapy, as well as to recruit new faculty.

Lionfish analysis reveals most vulnerable prey as invasion continues
Findings of a study on lionfish predation behavior, which may also apply to some other fish and animal species, have shed some new light on which types of fish are most likely to face attack by this invasive predator, which has disrupted ecosystems in much of the Caribbean Sea and parts of the Atlantic Ocean.

Sorting through recycling bins to learn about alcohol use
When researchers wanted to verify alcohol-use survey results at a senior housing center, they came up with a novel way to measure residents' drinking: Count the empty bottles in recycling bins.

Has a possible new lead been found in the fight against neurodegenerative diseases?
Good communication between brain cells is vital for optimal health.

SMU seismologist Brian Stump named AAAS fellow
SMU seismologist Brian Stump has been named an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow for distinguished contributions to his field, particularly in the area of seismic monitoring in support of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.

Biopolitics for understanding social regulation and control
People, as the biological beings that we are, can be socially regulated by mechanisms such as taxes, property or family relationships.

Pain in a dish
After more than six years of intensive effort, and repeated failures that made the quest at times seem futile, Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard's Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology have successfully converted mouse and human skin cells into pain sensing neurons that respond to a number of stimuli that cause acute and inflammatory pain.

Mimics do not substitute for the 'real thing' for bomb-sniffing dogs
When it comes to teaching dogs how to sniff out explosives, there's nothing like the real thing to make sure they're trained right.

New NSF-funded platform takes science to the clouds
Researchers are working to store, manage, share and analyze their data on virtual computing machines hosted in a cloud-based environment.

Incomes fall as stressed economy struggles
Australian average incomes are falling with the country's population growth 'masking underlying economic weakness', according to a QUT economist.

Mutant protein takes babies' breath away
Researchers had never shown exactly how cells in the brain stem detect carbon dioxide and regulate breathing in humans.

Research reveals how our bodies keep unwelcome visitors out of cell nuclei
The structure of pores found in cell nuclei has been uncovered by a UCL-led team of scientists, revealing how they selectively block certain molecules from entering, protecting genetic material and normal cell functions.

Shared medical appointments increase contact time between women considering breast reduction and their surgeon
For women considering breast reduction surgery, initial evaluation at a shared medical appointment provides excellent patient satisfaction in a more efficient clinic visit, reports a study in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

El Niño stunts children's growth in Peru
Extreme weather events, such as El Niño, can have long-lasting effects on health, according to research published in the open access journal Climate Change Responses.

Ambulance risk
Patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated by basic life support ambulances have higher survival rates and better neurological outcomes than patients treated by advanced life support ambulances.

Protein that rouses the brain from sleep may be target for Alzheimer's prevention
A protein that stimulates the brain to awaken from sleep may be a target for preventing Alzheimer's disease, a study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Global warming cynics unmoved by extreme weather
What will it take to convince skeptics of global warming that the phenomenon is real?
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