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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | November 27, 2014


Ancient algae provides clues of climate impact on today's microscopic ocean organisms
A study of ancient marine algae, led by the University of Southampton, has found that climate change affected their growth and skeleton structure, which has potential significance for today's equivalent microscopic organisms that play an important role in the world's oceans.
Survival differences seen for advanced-stage laryngeal cancer
The five-year survival rate for advanced-stage laryngeal cancer was higher than national levels in a small study at a single academic center performing a high rate of surgical therapy, including a total laryngectomy, or removal of the voice box, to treat the disease, despite a national trend toward organ preservation, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.
Golden Ratio offers a unity of science
Researchers are suggesting that the 'Golden Ratio' -- designated by the Greek symbol ∅ (letter Phi) with a mathematical value of about 1.618 -- also relates to the topology of space-time, and to a biological species constant (T).
Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters.
Characteristics of a universal simulator
According to many scientists, quantum computers will have great importance in the future but, despite all efforts, research in this field is still in its infancy.
Athletes perform better when exposed to subliminal visual cues
New research from the University of Kent has found that athletes who are exposed to subliminal visual cues when they are participating in endurance exercise will perform significantly better.
Using social media for behavioral studies is cheap, fast, but fraught with biases
The rise of social media has seemed like a bonanza for behavioral scientists, who have eagerly tapped the social nets to quickly and cheaply gather huge amounts of data about what people are thinking and doing.
Research Involvement and Engagement to be published by BioMed Central
The open-access publisher BioMed Central is pleased to announce its plans to publish the new innovative journal Research Involvement and Engagement, which aims to publish its first articles in June 2015.
Scientists develop drug to reduce side-effects of 'binge drinking'
Huddersfield scientists develop breakthrough compound reducing harmful side-effects of 'binge drinking' and offering potential new ways to treat Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases that damage the brain.
Revolutionizing genome engineering
Genome engineering with the RNA-guided CRISPR-Cas9 system in animals and plants is changing biology.
Long-term complication rate low in nose job using patient's own rib cartilage
Using a patient's own rib cartilage for rhinoplasty appears to be associated with low rates of overall long-term complications and problems at the rib site where the cartilage is removed, according to a report published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
Uterine contractions increase the success of artificial insemination
The negative impact of contractions during in vitro fertilization is a well-known fact.
Notre Dame biologist leads sequencing of the genomes of malaria-carrying mosquitoes
Nora Besansky, O'Hara Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame and a member of the University's Eck Institute for Global Health, has led an international team of scientists in sequencing the genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquito species from around the world.
Most American presidents destined to fade from nation's memory, study suggests
American presidents spend their time in office trying to carve out a prominent place in the nation's collective memory, but most are destined to be forgotten within 50-to-100 years of their serving as president, suggests a study on presidential name recall released today by the journal Science.
New electrolyte for the construction of magnesium-sulfur batteries
The Helmholtz Institute Ulm established by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is pushing research relating to batteries of the next and next-but-one generations: A research team has now developed an electrolyte that may be used for the construction of magnesium-sulfur battery cells.
Education is key to climate adaptation
According to new IIASA research, education makes people less vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, and storms that are expected to intensify with climate change.
Scanning tunneling microscopy: Computer simulations sharpen insights into molecules
The resolution of scanning tunneling microscopes can be improved dramatically by attaching small molecules or atoms to their tip.
Joint European implementation strategy for Systems Medicine is published
The Coordinating Action Systems Medicine published its European implementation strategy for Systems Medicine outlining four core priority actions along with 10 cross-cutting key areas and specific recommendations over a period of two, five and 10 years.
A numbers game: Math helps to predict how the body fights disease
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection and disease.
Fragile X study offers hope of new autism treatment
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh and McGill University have identified a chemical pathway that goes awry in the brains of Fragile X patients.
Single-atom gold catalysts may offer path to low-cost production of fuel and chemicals
New catalysts designed and investigated by Tufts engineering researchers and collaborators have potential to greatly reduce processing costs in future fuels like hydrogen.
Unraveling the complexity of proteins
Knowledge of the three-dimensional structures of proteins is essential for understanding biological processes.
Mindfulness treatment as effective as CBT for depression and anxiety
Group mindfulness treatment is as effective as individual cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with depression and anxiety, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden and Region Skåne.
E-voting: Risky technology or great improvement?
On this forthcoming weekend the Australian state election takes place, and in Victoria State they will be using a new e-voting system to improve secrecy, reliability and user-friendliness.
Launch of a NuPECC-ESF report
This document provides an updated overview of how fundamental nuclear physics research has had and will continue to have an impact on developments in medicine.
Behavioral interventions to prevent progression to diabetes equally effective in men and women
Behavioral and drug interventions aiming to prevent people with prediabetes progressing to full blown type 2 diabetes are equally effective for both sexes at preventing progression and reducing weight, according to a new systematic review and meta-analysis.
Scientists film magnetic memory in super slo-mo
Researchers at DESY have used high-speed photography to film one of the candidates for the magnetic data storage devices of the future in action.
Iberian orcas, increasingly trapped
Thanks to the more than 11,200 sightings of cetaceans over the course of 10 years, Spanish and Portuguese researchers have been able to identify, in detail, the presence of orcas in the Gulf of Cadiz, the Strait of Gibraltar and the Alboran Sea.
Mosquitoes and malaria: Scientists pinpoint how biting cousins have grown apart
Sixteen mosquito species have varying capabilities for transmitting malaria and adapting to new environments.
Stroke damage mechanism identified
Researchers have discovered a mechanism linked to the brain damage often suffered by stroke victims -- and are now searching for drugs to block it.
OU professor and team discover first evidence of milk consumption in ancient dental plaque
Led by a University of Oklahoma professor, an international team of researchers has discovered the first evidence of milk consumption in the ancient dental calculus -- a mineralized dental plaque -- of humans in Europe and western Asia.
Bitter food but good medicine from cucumber genetics
High-tech genomics and traditional Chinese medicine come together as researchers identify the genes responsible for the intense bitter taste of wild cucumbers.
Another human footprint in the ocean
Human-induced changes to Earth's carbon cycle -- for example, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide and ocean acidification -- have been observed for decades.
Secret of tetanus toxicity offers new way to treat motor neuron disease
The way that tetanus neurotoxin enters nerve cells has been discovered by UCL scientists, who showed that this process can be blocked, offering a potential therapeutic intervention for tetanus.
Highly evolvable malaria-carrying mosquitoes
To investigate the genetic differences between the deadly parasite-transmitting species and their harmless -- but still annoying -- cousins, an international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of Geneva's Faculty of Medicine and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, sequenced the genomes of sixteen Anopheles species from around the globe.
Social media data contain pitfalls for understanding human behavior
A growing number of academic researchers are mining social media data to learn about both online and offline human behavior.

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