Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 01, 2014
Economist's book goes under the hood of social-science research
An economist's new book teaches how to conduct cause-and-effect studies on complex social questions.

Study demonstrates that exercise following bariatric surgery provides health benefits
Researchers discover that moderate exercise following bariatric surgery reduces specific metabolic risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes.

Computer equal to or better than humans at cataloging science
This year, a computer system developed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison equaled or bested scientists at the complex task of extracting data from scientific publications and placing it in a database that catalogs the results of tens of thousands of individual studies.

HIV drug blocks bone metastases in prostate cancer
The receptor CCR5, targeted by HIV drugs, is also key in driving prostate cancer metastases, suggesting that blocking this molecule could slow prostate cancer spread.

Vitamin D reduces lung disease flare-ups by over 40 percent
Vitamin D supplements can reduce chronic obstructive pulmonary disease lung disease flare-ups by over 40 percent in patients with a vitamin D deficiency, according to new research from Queen Mary University of London.

Taking the 'mute' off silenced gene may be answer to Angelman syndrome
Most genes are inherited as two working copies, one from the mother and one from the father.

New book, 'Nurses Making Policy,' urges nursing profession to speak up
The forthcoming book, 'Nurses Making Policy: From Bedside to Boardroom,' implores nurses to speak up and be heard, from the hospital corridors to the floors of Congress.

$3 million funding takes Monash Bionic Vision closer
The Monash Vision Group moves a step closer to clinical trials of its Bionic Eye, thanks to landmark donations from two respected business leaders.

Plant used in traditonal Chinese medicine may treat metabolic diseases and obesity
New research published in the December 2014 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, shows that a component found in in the plant, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, may inhibit the development of metabolic disorders by stopping the activation of NLRP3, a protein involved in the disease process.

NASA's 2014 HS3 hurricane mission investigated four tropical cyclones
NASA's Hurricane and Severe Storms Sentinel, or HS3, mission investigated four tropical cyclones in the 2014 Atlantic Ocean hurricane season: Cristobal, Dolly, Edouard and Gonzalo.

Umberto Bottazzini to receive 2015 AMS Whiteman Prize
Umberto Bottazzini will be awarded the 2015 American Mathematical Society Albert Leon Whiteman Memorial Prize at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in January in San Antonio, Texas.

Researchers identify chemical compound that decreases effects of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is triggered when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath, the protective covering around the axons of nerve fibers.

NYU researchers find silver lining playbook for performance
If we believe a negative trait we possess is linked to a related positive characteristic, we will be more productive in that domain, NYU researchers have found.

How terrorist attack survivors view their interactions with the media
Among survivors of the 2011 Utøya Island terrorist attack in Norway, most perceived contact with media as a positive experience.

Nearly 55 percent of US infants sleep with potentially unsafe bedding
Nearly 55 percent of US infants are placed to sleep with bedding that increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, despite recommendations against the practice, report researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other institutions.

Study links sleep apnea to impaired exercise capacity
A new study shows that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with impaired exercise capacity, which is an indicator of increased cardiovascular risk.

Genes and environment: Complex interactions at the heart of personalized medicine
Personalized medicine uses methods of molecular analysis, especially genetic sequencing and transcription, in order to simultaneously identify genetic mutations to evaluate each individual's risk of contracting a given disease.

Politics, not severe weather, drive global-warming views
Scientists have presented the most comprehensive evidence to date that climate extremes such as droughts and record temperatures are failing to change people's minds about global warming.

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions
Research by the University of Liverpool has identified, for the first time, how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted.

Some people may be genetically susceptible to UV tanning dependence
Researchers have found a possible underlying genetic susceptibility to being dependent on UV tanning.

Kessler Foundation researchers explore impact of traumatic brain injury on long-term memory
Kessler Foundation researchers have authored a new article that provides insight into the variable impact of traumatic brain injury on long-term memory.

Love at first smell
Mate choice is often the most important decision in the lives of humans and animals.

Big city health departments lead the way in improving population health
The health departments of the nation's largest cities play a central role in developing innovative population health strategies for improving public health across the United States, according to a special January issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Ning Xiang awarded the Wallace Clement Sabine Medal of the Acoustical Society of America
Ning Xiang, Director of the Graduate Program in Architectural Acoustics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been awarded the Wallace Clement Sabine Medal by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) for contributions to measurements and analysis techniques, and numerical simulation of sound fields in coupled rooms.

Predators and isolation shape the evolution of 'island tameness,' providing conservation insights
Charles Darwin noted more than 150 years ago that animals on the Galapagos Islands, including finches and marine iguanas, were more docile than mainland creatures.

Natural 'high' could avoid chronic marijuana use
Replenishing the supply of a molecule that normally activates cannabinoid receptors in the brain could relieve mood and anxiety disorders and enable some people to quit using marijuana, a Vanderbilt University study suggests.

TSRI scientists create new tool for exploring cells in 3-D
Researchers can now explore viruses, bacteria and components of the human body in more detail than ever before with software developed at the Scripps Research Institute.

Scientists discover why bowel cancer sometimes outsmarts treatment
A new study that challenges the prevailing view of how bowel cancer develops in the large intestine is published today in Nature Medicine.

Neurosurgeon shares Lasker-DeBakey Award for pioneering work on Parkinson's disease treatment
French neurosurgeon Alim Louis Benabid and American neurologist Mahlon DeLong were recently named winners of the 2014 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award for their roles in developing deep brain stimulation for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

NASA's Terra Satellite catches fast-developing Tropical Storm Hagupit
Tropical Storm Hagupit was just a low pressure area on Nov.

Patent awarded for synthetic compounds with medical applications
A patent has been issued for a series of synthetic compounds developed at Kansas State University that have applications for treating cancer and other diseases that affect cell communication.

Child poverty pervasive in large American cities, new report shows
Years after the end of the Great Recession, child poverty remains widespread in America's largest cities.

Scientists identify most ancient pinworm yet found
Discovery of 240 million-year-old pinworm egg confirms that herbivorous cynodonts -- the ancestors of mammals -- were infected with the parasitic nematodes.

Research finds clue to why females live longer than males
A study from the University of Exeter has found that male flies die earlier than their female counterparts when forced to evolve with the pressures of mate competition and juvenile survival.

MD Anderson researcher receives top Italian science award
Peter Friedl, professor of genitourinary medical oncology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, has received one of Italy's top scientific awards for his work in imaging and cancer growth, metastasis and therapy response.

Penn study points to new therapeutic strategy in chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease affects at least one in four Americans who are older than 60 and can significantly shorten lifespan.

The nutritionists within
Microbial partners are important for the nutrition of many insects.

Research suggests ability of HIV to cause AIDS is slowing
The rapid evolution of HIV, which has allowed the virus to develop resistance to patients' natural immunity, is at the same time slowing the virus's ability to cause AIDS, according to new research funded by the Wellcome Trust.

Crime, British Muslims and their relationships with the police
Analysis of large-scale crime data reveals surprising findings about violent crime victimization and reported attitudes among Muslims towards police in the UK.

Political correctness in diverse workplace fosters creativity
People may associate political correctness with conformity but new research finds it also correlates with creativity in work settings.

UW team explores large, restless volcanic field in Chile
For seven years, an area larger than the city of Madison has been rising by 10 inches per year.

For docs, more biology info means less empathy for mental health patients
Give therapists and psychiatrists information about the biology of a mental disorder, and they have less -- not more -- empathy for the patient, a new Yale study shows.

Sophisticated HIV diagnostics adapted for remote areas
Diagnosing HIV and other infectious diseases presents unique challenges in remote locations that lack electric power, refrigeration, and appropriately trained health care staff.

Antibiotic resistance on the agenda in Uppsala, Sweden and worldwide
The theme for the next Uppsala Health Summit, to be held in Uppsala on June 2-3, 2015, is antibiotic resistance -- one of the biggest global health challenges of our day.

Broad Institute, Harvard, and MIT license CRISPR-Cas9 technology to Editas
The Broad Institute, Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Editas Medicine have entered into a worldwide license agreement to grant Editas access to intellectual property related to certain genome editing technology for the development of human therapeutic applications.

Supplemental co-enzyme Q may prevent heart disease in some individuals
New research involving rats, and published in the December 2014 issue of The FASEB Journal, suggests that if you were born at a low birth weight, supplemental co-enzyme Q may lower your risk for heart disease.

Mental health inequalities in detection of breast cancer
Women with a mental illness are less likely to be screened for breast cancer, according to University of Leicester psychiatrist.

Ground-based detection of super-Earth transit paves way to remote sensing of exoplanets
For the first time, a team of astronomers -- including York University professor Ray Jayawardhana -- have measured the passing of a super-Earth in front of a bright, nearby sun-like star using a ground-based telescope.

Anticholesterol rosuvastatin not associated with reduced risk for fractures
Treatment with the anticholesterol medicine rosuvastatin calcium did not reduce the risk of fracture among men and women who had elevated levels of an inflammatory biomarker, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine Dec. 2, 2014
This week's issue includes: 'Better glucose control in midlife may protect against cognitive decline later in life,' 'Patient zip code influences rehospitalization risk, regardless of hospital characteristics,' 'ER visits and costs may go down when physicians share patient health information, and 'Geographical variation in use of cancer-related imaging does not reflect overuse.'

Computer equal to or better than humans at indexing science
In 1997, IBM's Deep Blue computer beat chess wizard Gary Kasparov.

'Smart dust' technology could reshape space telescopes
Scientists at Rochester Institute of Technology and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory are exploring a new type of space telescope with an aperture made of swarms of particles released from a canister and controlled by a laser.

PET/CT shows pituitary abnormalities in veterans with PTSD
Hybrid imaging with positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) in the pituitary region of the brain is a promising tool for differentiating military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from those with mild traumatic brain injury, according to a new study.

For cardiac arrest, epinephrine may do more harm than good
For patients in cardiac arrest, administering epinephrine helps to restart the heart but may increase the overall likelihood of death or debilitating brain damage, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Lung treatment may help patients with severe emphysema
The first long-term clinical trial on the use of Lung Volume Reduction (LVR-) Coil treatment in patients with severe emphysema has found that the minimally-invasive therapy, which enables the lung to function more effectively, is safe over a 3-year period.

Triple-negative breast cancer patients should undergo genetic screening: Mayo Clinic
Most patients with triple-negative breast cancer should undergo genetic testing for mutations in known breast cancer predisposition genes, including BRCA1 and BRCA2, a Mayo Clinic-led study has found.

Most of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the planet's inner core, new model suggests
As much as two-thirds of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the inner core, making it the planet's largest carbon reservoir, according to a new model that even its backers acknowledge is 'provocative and speculative'.

Breast cancer vaccine shows promise in small clinical trial
A breast cancer vaccine developed at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

bioliq: Complete process chain is running
The bioliq pilot plant at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is running successfully along the complete process chain.

Warning to bariatric surgery patients: Take your supplements, for eye's sake
Obese patients who have undergone bariatric surgery to shed weight should take the supplements prescribed to them to protect their eyes.

SPLUNC1: How lungs protect themselves from infection
Scientists have taken an important step toward a new class of antibiotics aimed at stopping lung infections.

Protein kinase R and dsRNAs, new regulators of mammalian cell division
The research team of the Center for RNA Research at IBS has succeeded in revealing that the dsRNAs and Protein Kinase R regulate division of mammalian cells.

Microbullet hits confirm graphene's strength
Rice University scientists use microbullets in experiments to show graphene is 10 times better than steel at absorbing the energy of a penetrating projectile.

Study looks at falls from furniture by children in their homes
Parents of children who fell at home were more likely not to use safety gates and not to have taught their children rules about climbing on things in the kitchen, according to a study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Widely used osteoporosis drugs may prevent breast, lung and colon cancers
The most commonly used medications for osteoporosis worldwide, bisphosphonates, may also prevent certain kinds of lung, breast and colon cancers.

Causal link between antibiotics and childhood asthma dismissed
In a new register study in the scientific journal BMJ, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden are able to dismiss previous claims that there is a link between the increased use of antibiotics in society and a coinciding rise in childhood asthma.

Imaging shows brain connection breakdown in early Alzheimer's disease
Changes in brain connections visible on MRI could represent an imaging biomarker of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study.

Book: 'Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture'
'Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture' is now available through Springer Science+Business Media.

WHACK! Study measures head blows in girls' lacrosse
As debate increases about whether female lacrosse players should wear headgear, a new study reports measurements of the accelerations that stick blows deliver to the head.

Brain folding
Programs that control the production of neurons during brain development determine how the brain folds.

The human eye can see 'invisible' infrared light
Science textbooks say we can't see infrared light. Like X-rays and radio waves, infrared light waves are longer than the light waves in the visual spectrum.

Reduced-impact logging supports diversity of forests almost as well as leaving them alone
When it comes to logging, it may be possible to have our timber and our tropical forests, too.

Women outperform men in some financial negotiations, research finds
In certain circumstances, women may be more effective than men when negotiating money matters, contrary to conventional wisdom that men drive a harder bargain in financial affairs, according to a new meta-analysis published by the American Psychological Association.

New book 'Why Life Matters' informs, inspires and engages
From famed ecologists and authors Dr. Michael Charles Tobias and Jane Gray Morrison comes a new book for anyone concerned or interested with the future of life on Earth -- 'Why Life Matters: Fifty Ecosystems of the Heart and Mind.' Having written some 50 books and produced some 170 films between them, it is no surprise that this new title is a powerful ode to life told through the lens of two deeply committed humanists.

Researchers recreate stem cells from deceased patients to study present-day illnesses
Research scientists have developed a novel method to re-create brain and intestinal stem cells from patients who died decades ago, using DNA from stored blood samples to study the potential causes of debilitating illnesses such as inflammatory bowel disease.

Researchers identify genetic mutation responsible for serious disorder common in Inuit
Researchers have identified the cause for a disorder common in Inuit people that prevents the absorption of sucrose, causing gastrointestinal distress and failure to thrive in infants.

Prognostic role found for miR-21 expression in triple-negative breast cancer
'Triple-negative' breast cancer occurs in patients whose cells do not express receptors for estrogen, progesterone, and/or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ER/PR/HER2).

Skipping college makes young people more likely to abuse pain pills
A study just released by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health compared the use of prescription opioids and stimulants among high school graduates, non-graduates, and their college-attending peers, and found that young adults who do not attend college are at particularly high risk for nonmedical prescription opioid use and disorder.

Many people with missing teeth don't need dentures
The latest research from the University of Adelaide challenges current thinking on whether many people with tooth loss really need dentures.

Study: Cheaper private health care prices mean more medicare spending
New evidence shows that doctors may be shifting health care services to Medicare when they stand to make money by doing so, though further study is required.

Possible read head for quantum computers
Nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamonds could be used to construct vital components for quantum computers.

UGA study finds it's mean boys, not mean girls, who rule at school
Debunking the myth of the 'mean girl,' new research from the University of Georgia has found that boys use relational aggression -- malicious rumors, social exclusion and rejection -- to harm or manipulate others more often than girls.

Therapeutic bronchoscopy performed on a dolphin
In a remarkable collaborative effort between human and veterinary clinicians, a 29-year-old bottlenose dolphin recently underwent therapeutic bronchoscopy to treat airway narrowing, or stenosis, that was interfering with her breathing.

Estimates of anthropogenic nitrogen in the ocean may be high
Inundation of nitrogen into the atmosphere and terrestrial environments, through fossil fuel combustion and extensive fertilization, has risen tenfold since preindustrial times according to research published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles.

Can cockpit automation cause pilots to lose critical thinking skills? Research says yes
In the wake of recent airline crashes, major news networks have aired concerns about pilots' ability to accurately fly 'by hand' when the airplane's cockpit automation systems fail.

Stressed-out cancers may provide drug target
Research at the University of Adelaide has discovered cancer cells may be particularly susceptible to metabolic stress -- opening the way for new targeted therapy that won't harm normal cells.

Restrooms: Not as unhealthy as you might think
Microbial succession in a sterilized restroom begins with bacteria from the gut and the vagina, and is followed shortly by microbes from the skin.

High school football players show brain changes after one season
Some high school football players exhibit measurable brain changes after a single season of play even in the absence of concussion, according to a new study.

Fighting malnutrition with a 'stronger' chickpea
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is considered an excellent whole food as source of dietary proteins, carbohydrates, micronutrients and vitamins.

Diabetes in midlife linked to significant cognitive decline 20 years later
People diagnosed with diabetes in midlife are more likely to experience significant memory and cognitive problems during the next 20 years than those with healthy blood sugar levels, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

New research highlights the key role of ozone in climate change
The models which are used to predict how climate change will occur could be much improved by including the key role of ozone, which is often overlooked in current models.

Understanding the brain's 'suffocation alarm'
Panic disorder is a severe form of anxiety in which the affected individual feels an abrupt onset of fear, often accompanied by profound physical symptoms of discomfort.

Baltic Sea: Climate change counteracts decline in eutrophication
Despite extensive measures to protect the Baltic Sea from anthropogenic activities since the late 1980s, oxygen concentrations continue to decrease.

Sanford-Burnham scientist wins GSK drug discovery challenge
A team of Sanford-Burnham and Mayo Clinic researchers will work with GlaxoSmithKline to develop a novel treatment for resistant high blood pressure.

University of Toronto professor wins GSK's 2014 Discovery Fast Track Challenge
University of Toronto Professor Tania Watts is a winner of GSK's 2014 Discovery Fast Track Challenge, which is designed to accelerate the translation of academic research into novel therapies.

NASA satellites provide triple coverage on Tropical Storm Sinlaku
Tropical Storm Sinlaku made landfall in east-central Vietnam bringing some moderate to heavy rainfall with it.

Blocking blood-brain barrier proteins may improve ALS drugs' effectiveness
Through research in mice, scientists have found that proteins at the blood-brain barrier pump out riluzole, the only FDA-approved drug for ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease, limiting the drug's effectiveness.

Health information exchanges should be better examined, study finds
Health information exchanges are the organizations that are to supposed to help make electronic health records available across the health care system, improving the coordination of care between providers.

Researchers explore 3-D microsurgical anatomy of brainstem
A study using intricate fiber dissection techniques provides new insights into the deep anatomy of the human brainstem -- and helps to define 'safe entry zones' for neurosurgeons performing brainstem surgery, according to a special article published in Operative Neurosurgery, a quarterly supplement to Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Researchers develop a magnetic levitating gear
Researchers from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are developing a new transmission mechanism with no touching parts, based on magnetic forces which prevent friction and wear and make lubrication unnecessary.

Sweet smell of success
JBEI researchers have engineered E. coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones, a class of chemical compounds primarily used for fragrances and flavors, but highly promising as clean, green and renewable blending agents for diesel fuel.

New approach holds promise for dengue fever
Monash University and 60P Australia Pty Ltd, a subsidiary of 60° Pharmaceuticals LLC, have announced today an exclusive partnering deal, with 60P obtaining rights to develop the drug Fenretinide for dengue fever.

Mutation associated with premature ovarian failure identified
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a specific mutation in a family that results in premature ovarian failure.

Study: Different species share a 'genetic toolkit' for behavioral traits
The house mouse, stickleback fish and honey bee appear to have little in common, but at the genetic level these animals respond in strikingly similar ways to danger, researchers report.

Minute movements of autistic children and parents provide clue to severity of disorder
Imperceptible variations in movement patterns among individuals with autism spectrum disorder are important indicators of the severity of the disorder in children and adults, according to a report presented at the 2014 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting.

Ozone depletion is a major climate driver in the southern hemisphere
When people hear about the dangers of the ozone hole, they often think of sunburns and associated health risks, but new research shows that ozone depletion changes atmospheric and oceanic circulation with potentially devastating effects on weather in the Southern Hemisphere weather.

Ciliopathies lie behind many human diseases
Growing interest in cilia, which are finger-like organelles that extend from the bodies of individual cells, has revealed their role in a number of human ailments.

Widening wage gap linked to more deaths among black Americans
Income inequality matters for everyone, but it matters differently for different groups of people, concludes the authors of a new UC Berkeley study.

How do information and communication technologies shape our Conditio humana?
What is the impact of information and communication technologies on the human condition?

Lapses in infection control associated with spread of severe respiratory virus MERS, according to study
Little is known about the often fatal virus known as Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, but researchers have identified gaps in infection control as a major culprit in all 11 published cases involving healthcare-associated transmission of the virus.

Researchers use 3-D printing to guide human face transplants
Researchers are using computed tomography and 3-D printing technology to recreate life-size models of patients' heads to assist in face transplantation surgery, according to a new study.

Neuronal encoding of the switch from specific to generalized fear
Fear memories are crucial for survival. However, excessive generalization of such memories, characterized by a failure to discriminate dangerous from safe stimuli, is common in anxiety disorders.

Mass extinction led to many new species of bony fish
With over 30,000 species worldwide, the ray fins are currently the largest group of fish.

Genetic marker may help predict success of kidney transplants
Kidneys donated by people born with a small variation in the code of a key gene may be more likely, once in the transplant recipient, to accumulate scar tissue that contributes to kidney failure.

Why don't more minority students seek STEM careers? Ask them
At a retreat earlier this year, 50 underrepresented minority students had wide latitude to talk about what would enhance their STEM training.

Experts question aspects of certain Ebola guidelines
Various guidelines for caring for patients infected with Ebola virus are being issued from different national and state public health authorities, professional societies, and individual hospitals.

Penn research shows way to design 'digital' metamaterials
Figuring out the necessary composition and internal structure to create the unusual properties of metamaterials is a challenge but new Penn research, borrowing concepts from binary computing, presents a way of simplifying things.

Prompt, appropriate medical care for dislocated shoulder injuries
Prompt and appropriate treatment of a dislocated shoulder -- when the head of the upper arm bone is completely knocked out of the shoulder socket -- can minimize risk for future dislocations as well as the effects of related bone, muscle and nerve injuries, according to a literature review appearing in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Researchers design a model to predict the effects of chemical substances on health
The analysis of drugs, natural products, and chemical substances found in the environment allows the identification of the chemical fragments responsible for a therapeutic or deleterious effect on human health.

Clinical trial demonstrates additive effect of exercise following gastric bypass
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that exercise following bypass surgery provides additional benefit for obese patients.

New process helps identify odorant receptors in live mice
A group of physiologists led by University of Kentucky's Tim McClintock, Ph.D., have identified the receptors activated by two odors using a new method that tracks responses to smells in live mice.

A child is treated in a US emergency department every 3 minutes for a toy-related injury
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers in the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital have found that an estimated 3,278,073 children were treated in United States emergency departments from 1990 through 2011 for a toy-related injury.

Quantum leap as Clark unveils UK's network of Quantum Technology Hubs
A new £120 million national network of Quantum Technology Hubs, that will explore the properties of quantum mechanics and how they can be harnessed for use in technology, has been unveiled today at the University of Birmingham.

NASA's CATS eyes clouds, smoke and dust from the space station
To investigate the layers and composition of clouds and tiny airborne particles like dust, smoke and other atmospheric aerosols, , scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland have developed an instrument called the Cloud-Aerosol Transport System, or CATS.

Ground-based detection of super-Earth transit achieved
Astronomers have measured the passing of a super-Earth in front of a bright, nearby Sun-like star using a ground-based telescope for the first time.

How early trauma influences behavior
Traumatic and stressful events during childhood increase the risk to develop psychiatric disorders, but to a certain extent, they can also help better deal with difficult situations later in life.

Institute of Food Research announces test for horse meat
Scientists at the Institute of Food Research have teamed up with Oxford Instruments to develop a fast, cheap alternative to DNA testing as a means of distinguishing horse meat from beef.

American mastodons made warm Arctic, subarctic temporary home 125,000 years ago
Existing age estimates of American mastodon fossils indicate that these extinct relatives of elephants lived in the Arctic and Subarctic when the area was covered by ice caps -- a chronology that is at odds with what scientists know about the massive animals' preferred habitat: forests and wetlands abundant with leafy food.
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