Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 05, 2014
3-D printed heart could reduce heart surgeries in children
Being able to practice on a model heart allows doctors to optimize the interventional procedure pre-operatively.

Rescuing the Golgi puts brakes on Alzheimer's progression
The conventional wisdom in Alzheimer's says that the Golgi is a victimized bystander.

HURL and NOAA team discover intact 'ghost ship' off Hawai'i
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i's Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory's and NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries discovered an intact 'ghost ship' in 2,000 feet of water nearly 20 miles off the coast of Oahu.

OIST joins Japan's Brain/MINDS Project
Okinawa Institute of Science Technology Graduate University becomes part of Japan's national effort to map the Brain.

Type 2 diabetes risk starts in pregnancy
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease is affected by exposures in the uterus.

Apixaban in DVT and pulmonary embolism: Patients with high BMI benefit considerably
There is proof of an added benefit of initial treatment with the new drug in a BMI over 28 kg/m2, but not in lower BMI and for long-term prevention.

The intestinal immune system controls the body weight
A group of Louvain Drug Research Institute researchers identified an unsuspected mechanism impacting the development of obesity and diabetes type 2 after following a diet with a high dose of fat nutrition.

Looking at El Niño's past to predict its future
Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) when looking back at climate records from thousands of years ago.

Study shows more patients with ALS have genetic origin than previously thought
Genetics may play a larger role in causing Lou Gehrig's disease than previously believed, potentially accounting for more than one-third of all cases, according to one of the most comprehensive genetic studies to date of patients who suffer from the condition also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS.

Blood brain barrier on a chip could stand in for children in pediatric brain research
Bioengineering researchers at Temple University in Philadelphia have come up with an experimental workaround -- a synthetic pediatric blood-brain barrier on a small chip -- and have tested it successfully using rat brain endothelial cells from rat pups and human endothelial cells.

Can anyone be a journalist? UGA researcher examines citizen journalism
Citizen journalists are expanding the definition of journalists. And new research by a University of Georgia professor looks at how two court cases work together to uphold freedom of expression.

Cerebral oxygenation in elite Kenyan athletes
The Journal of Applied Physiology has published an article by Jordan Santos-Concejero of the Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences of the University of the Basque Country, and entitled 'Maintained cerebral oxygenation during maximal self-paced exercise in elite Kenyan runners.'

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors
An odd, iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next-generation electronics.

Exeter receives £1.1 million to improve European long-term weather and climate forecasting
The University of Exeter has received a £1.1 million grant to fund pioneering new research that will significantly improve crucial long-term weather forecasts across Europe.

Austrian researchers show encapsulation of cancer drugs reduces heart damage
Austrian researchers have shown that a new technique which wraps chemotherapy drugs in a fatty cover -- called a liposome -- reduces heart damage, in a study presented today at EuroEcho-Imaging 2014.

Salk and Harvard scientists chart spinal circuitry responsible for chronic pain
New findings could lead to new therapeutics for disorders such as fibromyalgia and phantom limb pain.

Evidence suggests California's drought is the worst in 1,200 years
As California finally experiences the arrival of a rain-bearing Pineapple Express this week, two climate scientists from the University of Minnesota and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have shown that the drought of 2012-2014 has been the worst in 1,200 years.

Study reveals text messages prevent 1 in 6 patients from failing to take medicine
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London have found text messaging prevents one in six patients from forgetting to take, or stopping, their prescribed medicines.

Screening for matrix effect in leukemia subtypes could sharpen chemotherapy targeting
Jae-Won Shin and David Mooney of Harvard University's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering in Cambridge, MA, describe building a three-dimensional hydrogel system with tunable stiffness to see how relative stiffness of the surrounding ECM affected the resistance of human myeloid leukemias to chemotherapeutic drugs.

New journal serves as an interface of statistics, atmospheric and ocean sciences
A new journal -- Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography -- gives statisticians and researchers specializing in the atmospheric and ocean sciences an outlet to publish the details of their statistical and mathematical developments, which will effectively lead to improved models and methods for these fields.

Social networking during a campus emergency
Emergencies at educational establishments are on the increase in recent years and campus officials are beginning to recognize that better communications with their students are now needed.

The antioxidant capacity of orange juice is multiplied tenfold
The antioxidant activity of citrus juices and other foods is undervalued.

Katja Heinze receives research award for intelligent food packaging with freshness indicator
The Mainz chemistry professor Katja Heinze and her Luxembourg cooperation partner Dr.

Give flawed payments database time to improve
A federal database meant to report the financial ties between doctors and drug and device makers debuted Sept.

Penicillin tactics revealed
One of the oldest and most widely used antibiotics, penicillin attacks enzymes that build the bacterial cell wall.

Utah study: Mindfulness intervention boosts brain activation for healthy pleasures
After a sample of chronic pain patients misusing opioids went through MORE, they exhibited increased brain activation on an EEG to natural healthy pleasures.

'Alzheimer's in a Dish' model induces skin cells into neurons expressing amyloid-beta
The search for a living laboratory model of human neurons in the grip of Alzheimer's disease -- the so-called 'Alzheimer's in a dish' -- has a new candidate.

Chemicals released during natural gas extraction may harm reproduction and development
Unconventional oil and gas operations combine directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing to release natural gas from rock.

Why CLL there are often relapses after treatment
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is among the most frequent leukemias affecting adults in Western countries.

BGRF to present new data at the second BDSM Congress in Oxford
The Biogerontology Research Foundation, a UK-based charity founded to support aging research and address the challenges of a rapidly aging population, will present new economic longevity research at the second Big Data Science in Medicine congress in Oxford on December 8.

Canadian Science Publishing launches new open-access journal: Arctic Science
Arctic Science is the first fully 'gold' open-access journal offered by Canadian Science Publishing.

Drugs in the environment affect plant growth
By assessing the impacts of a range of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the research has shown that the growth of edible crops can be affected by these chemicals -- even at the very low concentrations found in the environment.

X-ray laser acts as tool to track life's chemistry
An international research team that includes researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has captured the highest-resolution protein snapshots ever taken with an X-ray laser, revealing how a key protein in a photosynthetic bacterium changes shape when hit by light.

New signaling role for key protein may contribute to wound healing, tumor growth
A key protein may represent a new way to use the immune system to speed healing and counter inflammatory, infectious and autoimmune diseases, according to study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the December issue of Cell Reports.

Evidence for 'bilingual advantage' may be less conclusive than previously thought
Study results that challenge the idea that bilingual speakers have a cognitive advantage are less likely to be published than those that support the bilingual-advantage theory, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Technological innovation seeks to help patients with chronic liver disease
The American Gastroenterological Association Research Foundation is pleased to announce that Ashish Nimgaonkar, M.B.B.S., M.Tech., M.S., from John Hopkins University, has received the inaugural AGA-Boston Scientific Career Development Technology & Innovation Award.

Computers that teach by example
New system enables pattern-recognition systems to convey what they learn to humans.

A first-of-its-kind discovery with an X-ray laser
Using a Free Electron Laser, a team of physicists has proven a method that makes it possible to find the atomic structure of proteins in action by producing 'snapshots' of them with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution.

Promising compound rapidly eliminates malaria parasite
An international research collaborative has determined that a promising anti-malarial compound tricks the immune system to rapidly destroy red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite but leave healthy cells unharmed.

IRCM researchers identify a protein that controls the 'guardian of the genome'
A new study published in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences sheds new light on a well-known mechanism required for the immune response.

National recognition for potential 'over the counter' gum disease test
A research study at Plymouth University Peninsula School of Dentistry which aims to develop a simple saliva test for gum diseases, has been recognized by the National Institute of Health Research, which has included the study in its portfolio.

Impact of malnutrition in US at $157 billion annually
Study shows greatest cost linked to people with depression, COPD, coronary artery disease and dementia.

NASA analyzes Super Typhoon Hagupit's rains and wind on Philippine approach
Super Typhoon Hagupit is forecast to make landfall in the eastern Philippines bringing heavy rainfall, damaging winds and storm surge.

New book on human fungal pathogens from CSHLPress
'Human Fungal Pathogens' by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press provides a comprehensive review of the biology and diseases of fungal pathogens.

Salience network is linked to brain disorders
According to a new scientific article, a brain structure called the insula is essential for selecting things out of the environment that are 'salient' for an individual, and dysfunction of this system is linked to brain disorders such as autism, psychosis and dementia.

Significant increase in concussions among Ontario children and youth: York U study
The number of children and youth treated for concussions in both emergency departments and physician's offices in Ontario increased significantly between 2003 and 2010, with falls, hockey and skating injuries identified as the leading causes of pediatric concussion, according to a new joint study out of York University and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Propranolol in infantile hemangioma: Indication of major added benefit in some patients
Data were only available for children at risk of permanent scars or disfigurement.

An unholy alliance -- Colon cancer cells in situ co-opt fibroblasts in surrounding tissue to break out
In work to be presented at the ASCB/IFCB meeting in Philadelphia, researchers from the Institut Curie in Paris report that they have evidence of a coordinated attack on the basement membrane of human colon cells by cancer cells in situ and CAF cells in the extracellular matrix that begins long before the actual translocation of cancer cells.

Peter Scholze to receive 2015 AMS Cole Prize in Algebra
Peter Scholze, Hausdorff Professor of Mathematics at the University of Bonn, will be awarded the 2015 AMS Frank Nelson Cole Prize in Algebra at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in January in San Antonio, Texas for

Light switchable proteins and superresolution reveal moving protein complexes
Photoactivatable complementary fluorescent proteins and super resolution microscopy reveal protein-protein interactions in live cells at the single molecule level

Light propagation in solar cells made visible
How can light which has been captured in a solar cell be examined in experiments?

BUSM researcher receives prestigious Massachusetts Neuroscience Consortium award
Carmela Abraham, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry and pharmacology at Boston University School of Medicine, was one of six recipients of this year's Massachusetts Neuroscience Consortium Award out of nearly 60 applicants.

Malnutrition is predictor of long-term survival in patients undergoing Whipple procedure
Malnutrition is an important factor predicting long-term survival in older patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) -- commonly called the Whipple procedure -- to treat benign tumors and cysts of the pancreas as well as pancreatitis, according to new study results published in the December issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

CSHL team finds a way to make shRNA gene knockdown more effective
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have devised a powerful algorithm that improves the effectiveness of an important research technology harnessing RNA interference, or RNAi.

Ku Klux Klan's lasting legacy on the US political system
Researchers from Brandeis, Notre Dame and Yale studying county voting records in 10 southern states from 1960-2000 found that the Ku Klux Klan activity in the 1960s was associated with a statistically significant increase in Republican voting compared to counties with no established KKK chapter, even 40 years later.

Genetic errors linked to more ALS cases than scientists had thought
Genetic mutations may cause more cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) than scientists previously had realized, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Even the perceived risk of disease prompts intention to act
With so much focus on risk factors for disease, we are living in an era of surveillance medicine, in which the emphasis on risk blurs the lines between health and illness, argue researchers at Yale and Syracuse universities in a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Agent prevents prostate cancer growth and spread in animal studies
Researchers have completed a critical step in the journey from a basic science discovery in the lab to a potential clinical application by showing an experimental agent prevents tumor growth and spread in mice with prostate cancer harboring a common chromosomal abnormality.

Stick out your tongue
The tongue can betray signs of illness, which combined with other symptoms such as a cough, fever, presence of jaundice, headache or bowel habits, can help a physician offer a diagnosis.

UT study: 'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change
A University of Tennessee, Knoxville, study shows that just as our family histories dictate what we look like and how we act, plant evolutionary history shapes community responses to interacting agents of global change.

Gravity: It's the law, even for cells
The average animal cell is 10 microns across but why?

Obesity -- like father, like son
Fruit flies pass down changes in their metabolism from father to son.

New technique offers spray-on solar power
It may look more like Junk Yard Wars than high-tech, but a University of Toronto researcher's new design is the first step towards spray-on solar cells -- bringing efficient, low-cost manufacturing of solar cells closer.

Don't worry, be happy; just go to bed earlier
When you go to bed and how long you sleep at a time might actually make it difficult for you to stop worrying, according to researchers at Binghamton University.
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