Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 08, 2014
Disorder in gene-control system is a defining characteristic of cancer, study finds
The genetic tumult within cancerous tumors is more than matched by the disorder in one of the mechanisms for switching cells' genes on and off, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard report in a new study.

NOAA: Researchers offer new insights into predicting future droughts in California
According to a new NOAA-sponsored study, natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought.

Correcting metabolic abnormalities may help lessen urinary problems
Metabolic syndrome is linked with an increased frequency and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms, but weight loss surgery may lessen these symptoms.

Most elderly women with early stage breast cancer receive a treatment that may not be as effective
A new analysis has found that while clinical trial data support omitting radiation treatments in elderly women with early stage breast cancer, nearly two-thirds of these women continue to receive it.

Each dollar spent on kids' nutrition can yield more than $100 later
There are strong economic incentives for governments to invest in early childhood nutrition, reports a new paper from the University of Waterloo and Cornell University.

Elsevier announces the launch of open access journal: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, announced today the launch of Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases, a new open access, online-only journal dedicated to publishing peer-reviewed, high quality case reports related to all aspects of arterial, venous, and lymphatic diseases, including the placement and maintenance of arterio-venous dialysis access, with an emphasis on the practicing clinician.

Asbestos: An ongoing challenge to global health
Challenges to global health can evolve from policies and decisions that take years or decades to unfold.

Scientists discover brain mechanism that drives us to eat glucose
Scientists have discovered a mechanism in the brain that may drive our appetite for foods rich in glucose and could lead to improved treatments for obesity.

UBC team finds a glitch in hummingbird hovering
Hummingbirds rely on their ability to hover in order to feed off the nectar of flowers.

Voters more inclined than consumers to pay for food safety
Voters are more willing to pay for a decreased risk of food-related illness than consumers, but female consumers are more willing to pay than male consumers, according to an international team of researchers.

PRM-151 therapy well tolerated in patients with advanced myelofibrosis
A study that investigated the potential of the compound PRM-151 for reducing progressive bone marrow fibrosis in patients with advanced myelofibrosis has shown initial positive results.

Modified heat shock protein identified as plasma cell dyscrasis risk factor
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that the presence of a modified host protein is associated with plasma cell dyscrasis risk.

Bougainvillea's response to deficit irrigation tested
Researchers determined effects of deficit irrigation treatments on three potted Bougainvillea varieties grown in two shapes.

Vitamin C may help people who suffer from respiratory symptoms after exercise
Vitamin C may reduce bronchoconstriction and respiratory symptoms caused by exercise, according to a study published in Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology.

Paul G. Allen to give $100 million to create Cell Science Institute
Philanthropist and entrepreneur Paul G. Allen today announced a commitment of $100 million to create the Allen Institute for Cell Science in Seattle.

Solid-state proteins maximize the intensity of fluorescent-protein-based lasers
The same research team that developed the first laser based on a living cell has shown that use of fluorescent proteins in a solid form rather than in solution greatly increases the intensity of light produced, an accomplishment that takes advantage of natural protein structures surrounding the light-emitting portions of the protein molecules.

Commentary calls for new 'science of climate diversity'
There is cloud hanging over climate science, but one Cornell University expert on communication and environmental issues says he knows how to help clear the air.

NASA-funded FOXSI to observe X-rays from Sun
NASA regularly watches the Sun in numerous wavelengths because different wavelengths provide information about different temperatures and processes in space.

Heat-shock protein enables tumor evolution and drug resistance in breast cancer
Long known for its ability to help organisms successfully adapt to environmentally stressful conditions, the highly conserved molecular chaperone heat-shock protein 90 also enables estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers to develop resistance to hormonal therapy.

Major complications after abortion are extremely rare, study shows
In the most comprehensive look yet at the safety of abortion, researchers at UC San Francisco have concluded that major complications are rare, occurring less than a quarter of a percent of the time, about the same frequency as colonoscopies.

Rule of 3: Hormone triplet offers hope for obesity and diabetes
A new substance that unifies the action profiles of three gastrointestinal hormones lowers the blood sugar level and reduces body fat considerably beyond existing drugs.

Testing for drug-resistant bacteria before prostate biopsy can reduce infections
Some infections after prostate biopsy due to drug-resistant Escherichia coli can be thwarted by simple rectal swab cultures prior to the procedure.

MCW researchers find link between sleep deprivation and cell damage
Scientists at the Medical College of Wisconsin have discovered a link between sleep loss and cell injury.

New research will help robots know their limits
A team of UK researchers is embarking on a collaborative project to ensure that the autonomous robots we build in the future will be safer, making decisions that are ethical and follow legislation on robotics.

Hummingbird's hover surprisingly easy to hack
Hummingbirds need a completely stationary visual field in order to hover in place, according to University of British Columbia research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Biomimetic dew harvesters
Insects are full of marvels -- and this is certainly the case with a beetle from the Tenebrionind family, found in the extreme conditions of the Namib desert.

Re-thinking Southern California earthquake scenarios in Coachella Valley, San Andreas Fault
New 3-D numerical modeling that captures far more geometric complexity of an active fault segment in southern California than any other, suggests that the overall earthquake hazard for towns on the west side of the Coachella Valley such as Palm Springs and Palm Desert may be slightly lower than previously believed.

Dunes on Titan need firm winds to move, experiments at ASU show
Experiments with the high pressure wind tunnel at Arizona State University's Planetary Aeolian Laboratory provide key data for understanding dunes on Saturn's moon Titan.

Vaccine holds hope of preventing antibiotic resistant skin infections
LA BioMed researchers find a new investigational vaccine, NDV-3, employing the recombinant protein Als3, can mobilize the immune system to fight off MRSA skin infections in an experimental model.

NIH initiates 'Centers Without Walls' to study sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
Nine groups of scientists will receive funding totaling $5.9 million in 2014 to work together on increasing the understanding of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, the leading cause of death from epilepsy.

Targeting microRNA may benefit some ovarian and breast cancer patients
A genetic misfire called the 3q26.2 amplicon can cause real havoc.

Tramadol associated with increased risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia
The opioid pain-reliever tramadol appears to be associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia, a potentially fatal condition caused by low blood sugar, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

New treatment strategy for epilepsy
Researchers found out that the conformational defect in a specific protein causes Autosomal Dominant Lateral Temporal Lobe Epilepsy which is a form of familial epilepsy.

New agent causes small cell lung tumors to shrink in pre-clinical testing
Small cell lung cancer -- a disease for which no new drugs have been approved for many years -- has shown itself vulnerable to an agent that disables part of tumor cells' basic survival machinery, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reported.

Seasonal flu vaccines boost immunity to many types of flu viruses
Seasonal flu vaccines may protect individuals not only against the strains of flu they contain but also against many additional types, according to a study published this week in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Impossible? Can researchers develop 100 drugs in 10 years?
A start-up company aims to use disruptive approach to identify drugs for testing on diseased cells.

Public servants are individually motivated to help environment
New University of Georgia research shows that while on the job, public servants contribute not just to mandated sustainability but also to discretionary eco-friendly initiatives of their own.

Scientists reveal parchment's hidden stories
The new technique of analyzing DNA found in ancient parchments can shine a focused light on the development of agriculture across the centuries.

Shedding new light on the formation of emotional fear memories
A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences identifies a neural mechanism through which unpleasant experiences are translated into signals that trigger fear memories by changing neural connections in a part of the brain called the amygdala.

Immunotherapy shows clinical benefit in relapsed transplant recipients
A multicenter phase 1 trial of the immune checkpoint blocker ipilimumab found clinical benefit in nearly half of blood cancer patients who had relapsed following allogeneic stem cell transplantation, according to investigators from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, who developed and lead the study.

Study finds early warning signals of abrupt climate change
A new study by researchers at the University of Exeter has found early warning signals of a reorganization of the Atlantic oceans' circulation which could have a profound impact on the global climate system.

The Lancet: Combining insecticide spraying and bed nets no more protective against malaria than nets alone
The combined use of spraying insecticide inside homes and insecticide-treated bed nets is no better at protecting children against malaria than using bed nets alone, a study in The Gambia suggests.

Many memories, many rooms
The brain has an enormous capacity to store memories and to keep memories from getting mixed up in part because of how these memories are stored in the hippocampus, researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience have shown.

New technique allows low-cost creation of 3-D nanostructures
Researchers have developed a new lithography technique that uses nanoscale spheres to create 3-D structures with biomedical, electronic and photonic applications.

Genetic errors linked to aging underlie leukemia that develops after cancer treatment
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

EU investment plan must not come at expense of research in Europe
To combat the effects of the global economic and financial crisis in Europe, the European Commission has announced a new investment program.

UT Arlington civil engineering project aims to reduce heaving on TxDOT roads
A University of Texas at Arlington civil engineering team recently installed a new mix of lime and fly ash on a section of U.S.

CNIO team has visualized the DNA double-strand break process for the first time
Scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, led by Guillermo Montoya, have developed a method for producing biological crystals that has allowed scientists to observe -- for the first time -- DNA double chain breaks.

Evidence of life on Mars?
In 2012 the Mars Science Laboratory landed in the fascinating Gale crater.

UT Arlington research looks to unlock connections among social network data
A UT Arlington computer science and engineering professor has won a $450,000 Army Research Office grant to develop efficient analytic techniques for combining and understanding the data stored in online social networks.

Unusual electronic state found in new class of unconventional superconductors
Scientists have discovered an unusual form of electronic order in a new family of unconventional superconductors, giving scientists a new group of materials to explore to understand ability to carry current with no energy loss.

US house rules about much more than housekeeping
When the US House convenes in January, adopting rules of procedure will be among the first orders of business.

High tunnels found effective for finishing cold-tolerant annuals
Researchers studied the growth and development of 10 bedding plant species in an unheated high tunnel compared with a traditional greenhouse in northern New York and northern Indiana.

Two papers in Health Affairs expose gaps in health coverage for children, recommend solutions
Despite the promise of health reform, millions of US children still lack quality health coverage or have trouble getting the services they need to stay healthy or to develop properly, according to two articles published in the December issue of Health Affairs.

Ancient engravings rewrite human history
An international team of scientists has discovered the earliest known engravings from human ancestors on a 400,000 year-old fossilized shell from Java.

New research suggests Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification
A new study on tropical shallow-water soft corals, known as gorgonians, found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations.

Turning biological cells to stone improves cancer and stem cell research
A simple technique that creates near-perfect, robust models of human and animal cells is being used to study cancer and stem cells, and could be used to create complex durable structures without the use of machinery.

HPV vaccine, riskier sexual activity not linked researchers say
Sexual behavior of teenage girls does not appear to be impacted by the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine, according to Queen's researchers Drs.

University of Tennessee research offers explanation for Titan dune puzzle
Research led by Devon Burr, an associate professor in the Earth and Planetary Sciences Department at UT, shows that winds on Titan must blow faster than previously thought to move sand.

Founding Director and Chief Executive Officer of Singapore's Institute of Technical Education shares breakthrough in vocational & technical education
Founding Director and Chief Executive Officer of Singapore's Institute of Technical Education Dr.

Hookah smoking increases risk of subsequent cigarette smoking among adolescents
A team of researchers at Dartmouth College and University of Pittsburgh found respondents who had smoked water pipe tobacco but not smoked cigarettes were at increased risk of cigarette smoking two years later as recently published online in JAMA Pediatrics.

New model helps boost fishery profits and sustainability
By identifying the most efficient and sustainable fishing practices and behaviors, a new empirical model developed by economists at Duke University and the University of Connecticut could help fishermen land larger paychecks while reducing the risk of fishery depletion.

Does smoking hamper treatment for alcohol abuse?
A new study has shown that smoking can inhibit the success of treatment for alcohol abuse, putting people who are addicted to both tobacco and alcohol in a double bind.

Penn State shares in NSF Critical Zone collaboration grant
Understanding of the Critical Zone, which stretches from tree tops to the deepest fresh groundwater -- the place where rock, soil, water, air and living organisms interact and shape Earth's surface -- will get a needed boost funded by a $1.35 million grant from the National Science Foundation.

Wind farms to do not affect property values, study finds
Wind turbine developments have no effect on property values of nearby homes and farms, according to new research from the University of Guelph.

Researchers identify hormone that reduces calorie burning, contributes to obesity
Brown adipose tissue, widely known as brown fat, is located around the collarbone and acts as the body's furnace to burn calories.

Cans lined with Bisphenol A may increase blood pressure
Drinking or eating from cans or bottles lined with Bisphenol A (BPA) may raise your blood pressure.

Wealth, power or lack thereof at heart of many mental disorders
Donald Trump's ego may be the size of his financial empire, but that doesn't mean he's the picture of mental health.

Office jerks beware -- your good ideas may not always be welcomed by colleagues
You don't have to be a jerk to come up with fresh and original ideas, but sometimes being disagreeable is just what's needed to sell your brainchild successfully to others.

Hookah pipes, smokeless tobacco snus associated with smoking onset
Smoking water pipe tobacco from hookahs and using the smokeless tobacco snus were associated with initiating cigarette smoking and smoking cigarettes in the past 30 days among previously nonsmoking teenagers and young adults, according to a study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Primary care doctors report prescribing fewer opioids for pain
Nine in 10 primary care physicians say that prescription drug abuse is a moderate or big problem in their communities and nearly half say they are less likely to prescribe opioids to treat pain compared to a year ago, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Macrophages chase neutrophils away from wounds to resolve inflammation
Macrophages are best known for their Pac Man-like ability to gobble up cellular debris and pathogens in order to thwart infection.

How pace of climate change will challenge ectotherms
Nature Climate Change has published University of Sydney and University of Queensland research analysed 40 years of data to outline climate change challenge for ectotherms (animals who rely on external sources of heat to control body temperature).

Kent State's SOLE Center researchers to study informal STEM learning experiences
While most can agree that STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) experiences outside of school can be exciting and engaging for young people, there is much that isn't known about its impact on short-term and long-term learning.

Heart disease patients advised to avoid being outside in rush hour traffic
There is now ample evidence that air pollution is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

World record for compact particle accelerator
Using one of the most powerful lasers in the world, Berkeley Lab researchers have accelerated subatomic particles to the highest energies ever recorded.

The winds of Titan
As sand dunes march across the Sahara, vast dunes cross the surface of Saturn's largest moon, Titan.

PETA science consortium to present at Society for Risk Analysis Meeting
The PETA International Science Consortium, Ltd., will present at the annual meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis on a framework for optimizing nonanimal testing methods for nanomaterials.

Preeclampsia during mother's pregnancy associated with greater autism risk
Children with autism spectrum disorder were more than twice as likely to have been exposed in utero to preeclampsia, and the likelihood of an autism diagnosis was even greater if the mother experienced more severe disease, a large study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

New technique could harvest more of the sun's energy
As solar panels become less expensive and capable of generating more power, solar energy is becoming a more commercially viable alternative source of electricity.

Glucokinase activation enhances sugar craving in rodents
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that activation of an enzyme, glucokinase, in a region of the hypothalamus called the arcuate nucleus specifically increases glucose uptake.

Experimental gene therapy successful in certain lymphomas and leukemia
Study results of CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor therapy using the Sleeping Beauty non-viral transduction system to modify T cells has demonstrated further promise in patients with advanced hematologic malignancies.

Punishing kids for lying just doesn't work
If you want your child to tell the truth, it's best not to threaten to punish them if they lie.

Scientists pinpoint a new line of defence used by cancer cells
Cancer Research UK scientists have discovered a new line of defense used by cancer cells to evade cell death, according to research published in Nature Communications.

UT Arlington team proposes new model for snake venom evolution
Along with colleagues from the UK and Colorado, a University of Texas Arlington team found genetic evidence that highly toxic venom proteins were evolutionarily 'born' from non-toxic genes, which have other ordinary jobs around the body, such as regulation of cellular functions or digestion of food.

Study offers future hope for tackling signs of aging
A new advance in biomedical research at the University of Leicester could have potential in the future to assist with tackling diseases and conditions associated with aging -- as well as in treating cancer.

Animal research sheds light on harmful mood disorders in new mothers
In the days shortly after giving birth, most mothers experience a period of increased calmness and decreased stress responses, but around 20 percent of mothers experience anxiety.

New research shows fewer deaths related to RSV than previously thought
It's a virus that has long been characterized as dangerous and even deadly, but new research shows infant deaths from respiratory syncytial virus are actually quite uncommon in the 21st century.

Debate on safety of e-cigarettes continues
Opposing views on the potential impact of electronic cigarettes on public health are published in the open access journal BMC Medicine.

Tramadol associated with increased risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia
The opioid pain-reliever tramadol appears to be associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia, a potentially fatal condition caused by low blood sugar, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Dartmouth/Univ. of Exeter Study: Correcting myths about the flu vaccine
Correcting myths about vaccines may not be the most effective approach to promoting immunization among vaccine skeptics according to a recent Dartmouth College -- University of Exeter study, as reported in a new article in the journal Vaccine.

New therapy holds promise for restoring vision
UC Berkeley scientists developed a therapy to restore light sensitivity to retinas blinded by the death of photoreceptors, as in retinitis pigmentosa.

Injectable 3-D vaccines could fight cancer and infectious diseases
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences show a non-surgical injection of programmable biomaterial that spontaneously assembles in vivo into a 3-D structure could fight and even help prevent cancer and also infectious disease such as HIV.

San Francisco public housing type a strong predictor of kids' use of emergency rooms
San Francisco children living in non-redeveloped public housing are 39 percent more likely to repeatedly visit emergency rooms, according to new research from UC San Francisco and UC Berkeley.

Cell division induces tissue ordering
A layer of cells lines the interior of blood vessels.

Blocking receptor in brain's immune cells counters Alzheimer's in mice
The mass die-off of nerve cells in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease may largely occur because an entirely different class of brain cells, called microglia, begin to fall down on the job, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

High level engagement in comment sections can curb internet trolling
A recent study published in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication by researchers at the University of Texas, Purdue University, and University of Wyoming, found that having a journalist engage with commenters can affect the deliberative tone of the comments, effectively reducing trolling.

Study finds Affordable Care Act leaves many children without important benefits
An article published in the Health Affairs December issue is the first ever comprehensive analysis to investigate the Affordable Care Act's Essential Health Benefit as it relates to children.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine Dec. 8, 2014
This week's issue includes: 'Breast density notification laws substantially increase costs yet save few lives' and 'Institute of Medicine 'Dying in America' report sparks discussion and debate.'

Detecting gases wirelessly and cheaply
MIT chemists have devised a new way to wirelessly detect hazardous gases and environmental pollutants, using a simple sensor that can be read by a smartphone.

Chesapeake Bay region streams are warming
The majority of streams in the Chesapeake Bay region are warming, and that increase appears to be driven largely by rising air temperatures.

EARTH Magazine: Hundreds of methane seeps discovered along the US East Coast
Methane is often found naturally leaking from the seafloor, particularly in petroleum basins like the Gulf of Mexico or along tectonically active continental margins like the US West Coast, but such plumes were not expected along passive margins, like the East Coast of North America.

Confounding factors contribute to unexpected results of trial of renal denervation
A new analysis of an important trial of the blood pressure-lowering procedure, renal denervation, shows that the main results may have been affected by a number of confounding factors that partially explain the unexpected blood pressure responses in patients.

Experience counts with radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, study shows
Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer is highly complex, and a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology with an accompanying editorial suggests that medical centers with more experience centers have better patient outcomes.

Is natural gas a 'bridge' to a hotter future?
Natural gas power plants produce substantial amounts of gases that lead to global warming.

Machine harvesting may increase apple supply for hard cider market
A study of a 'Brown Snout' cider apples compared total harvested fruit weight, labor hours, tree and fruit damage, and fruit and juice quality for machine harvest and hand harvest.

Drawing lessons from Philadelphia's large-scale ob unit closures
What does it mean for expectant mothers and hospitals when there are large-scale closures of maternity units?

Half of US kids exposed to traumatic social or family experiences during childhood
Nearly half of all children in the United States are exposed to at least one social or family experience that can lead to traumatic stress and impact their healthy development -- be it having their parents divorce, a parent die or living with someone who abuses alcohol or drugs -- increasing the risk of negative long-term health consequences or of falling behind in school, suggests new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

NASA catches 3 days of Typhoon Hagupit's motion over Philippines
NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites flew over Typhoon Hagupit from Dec.

Case Western Reserve to lead $27.3 million grant for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
Case Western Reserve is one of two universities in the country selected to lead a $27.3 million international effort to identify the causes of a mysterious and deadly phenomenon that strikes people with epilepsy without warning.

Improving health through smarter cities: Debut of a major new global science collaboration
A new international program to promote health in cities through better urban design and policies debuts at an international meeting of world experts in health, environmental, behavioral and social sciences hosted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, China Tuesday Dec.

Survey of primary care physicians' beliefs on prescription drug abuse
A survey of primary care physicians found the vast majority of practicing internists, family physicians and general practitioners consider prescription drug abuse to be a significant problem in their community and most physicians agreed opioids were overused to treat pain, according to a research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

A yardstick to measure the malignancy of prostate cancer
A protein that influences the epigenetic characteristics of tumor cells is directly linked to the grade of malignancy of prostate cancer.

Low-crime, walkable neighborhoods promote mental health in older Latinos
Older Latinos living in the US who perceive their neighborhoods as safer and more walkable are less likely to develop severe depressive symptoms, and the effect may be long term, a new study suggests.

Baking soda is the best: Chemistry Life Hacks, Vol. 4 (video)
There's probably a box of it in your fridge or cupboard, and it has a million uses: baking soda.

Rapid Ebola test is focus of NIH grant to Rutgers scientist
Rutgers researcher David Alland, working with the California biotechnology company Cepheid, has received a grant of nearly $640,000 from the National Institutes of Health to develop a rapid test to diagnose Ebola as well as other viruses that can cause symptoms similar to Ebola.

Enzyme identified which could lead to targeted treatment for PMS
Low doses of fluoxetine -- better known as the anti-depressant Prozac -- could hold the key to preventing PMS symptoms, an international team of researchers has found.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters.

High photosensitivity 2-D-few-layered molybdenum diselenide phototransistors
Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan have fabricated High photosensitivity back-gated field-effect phototransistors made of only 20 nanometer thick molybdenum diselenide crystals by facile mechanical cleavage and transfer of MoSe2 flakes onto a silicon wafers for next generation for photodetector applications.

Organic mulch lets insect pollinators do their job
Researchers compared the effects of nontillage weed control methods, including polyethylene black plastic, woodchips, shredded newspaper, a combination of shredded newspaper plus grass clippings, and bare soil (control) on soil characteristics, squash pollination and fruit production, and squash bee nesting.

Toughest breast cancer may have met its match
Triple-negative breast cancer is as bad as it sounds. The cells that form these tumors lack three proteins that would make the cancer respond to powerful, customized treatments.

Older breast cancer patients still get radiation despite limited benefit
Women over the age of 70 who have certain early-stage breast cancers overwhelmingly receive radiation therapy despite published evidence that the treatment has limited benefit, researchers at Duke Medicine report.

UH Case Medical Center experts present data at ASH Annual Meeting
In a poster, Jane Little, MD, from Seidman Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, and colleagues present promising findings related to a novel biochip aimed at improving outcomes for patients with sickle cell disease.

CAMH discovery of novel drug target may lead to better treatment for schizophrenia
Scientists at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have identified a novel drug target that could lead to the development of better antipsychotic medications.

ASCB's Celldance releases microscopic blockbusters
Three 'Tell Your Own Cell Story' videos commissioned by Celldance Studios, a.k.a. the ASCB's Public Information Committee.

Combining insecticide sprays and bed nets 'no more effective' in cutting malaria
There is no need to spray insecticide on walls for malaria control when people sleep under treated bed nets, according to new research by Durham University and the Medical Research Council's Unit in The Gambia.

UEA research could revolutionize genomic sequencing of drug-resistant bacteria
New technology (the size of a USB memory stick) could revolutionize genomic sequencing of drug-resistant bacteria.

A pill for obesity?
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers at Harvard and Massachusetts General Hospital have taken what they are describing as 'the first step toward a pill that can replace the treadmill' for the control of obesity -- though it of course would not provide all the additional benefits of exercise.

Genes that cause pancreatic cancer identified by new tool
A new screening tool in mice can identify causes of cancer invisible to genetic sequencing.

IU's DiMarchi lab sees another success on path to cure adult-onset diabetes, obesity
A new treatment for adult-onset diabetes and obesity developed by researchers at Indiana University and the German Research Center for Environmental Health has essentially cured lab animals of obesity, diabetes and associated lipid abnormalities through improved glucose sensitivity, reduced appetite and enhanced calorie burning.

Pricing for new drugs lacks transparency
The system that allows patients rapid access to expensive new treatments lacks transparency and penalises small and low-income countries unable to negotiate lower prices with pharmaceutical manufacturers.
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