Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 10, 2014
'Smart windows' have potential to keep heat out and save energy
Windows allow brilliant natural light to stream into homes and buildings.

Anyone who is good at German learns English better
Your literacy skills in your first language heavily influence the learning of a foreign language.

Study examines effects of family-friendly workplace policies
Two UT Dallas public affairs researchers found that family-friendly policies are beneficial for increasing productivity of employees in public organizations, and the authors said the finding likely lends itself to job satisfaction and commitment.

Study shows no lead pollution in the oil sands region of Alberta
Recent research from the University of Alberta reveals that contrary to current scientific knowledge, there's no atmospheric lead pollution in the province's oil sands region.

Pathway that degrades holiday turkey fuels metastasis of triple negative breast cancer
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study being presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium shows that triple negative breast cancer cells process tryptophan to promote survival while traveling through the body in order to seed new tumor sites.

Prenatal exposure to common household chemicals linked with substantial drop in child IQ
Children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common chemicals found in the home -- di-n-butyl phthalate and di-isobutyl phthalate -- had an IQ score, on average, more than six points lower than children exposed at lower levels, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Scientists create food ingredient that will make you feel fuller
Scientists have developed an ingredient that can be added to foods to make them more filling.

UTHealth awarded $7.3 million for health information technology research
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Biomedical Informatics has been awarded grants totaling $7.3 million to enhance health care and biomedical discovery through the use of health information technology.

Microbiologists discover how gut bacterial resources are hijacked to promote intestinal illnesses
UT Southwestern Medical Center microbiologists have identified key bacteria in the gut whose resources are hijacked to spread harmful foodborne E. coli infections and other intestinal illnesses.

Limiting internet congestion a key factor in net neutrality debate
In their paper, 'The Economics of Network Neutrality,' Ben Hermalin, Haas Economics Analysis and Policy Group, and Nicholas Economides, Berkeley-Haas visiting professor from NYU'S Stern School of Business, find that if Internet Service Providers known as ISPs initiate price discrimination in their pricing, a 'recongestion effect' will occur.

Georgia State/CDC study: US taxpayers bear financial burden of smoking-related disease
Cigarette smoking generates as much as $170 billion in annual health care spending in the United States, according to a new study co-authored by researchers at Georgia State University's School of Public Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and RTI International.

Historic leap: Navy shipboard laser operates in Persian Gulf
Officials at the Office of Naval Research announced today that the laser weapon system -- a cutting-edge weapon that brings significant new capabilities to America's Sailors and Marines -- was for the first time successfully deployed and operated aboard a naval vessel in the Persian Gulf.

Brain inflammation a hallmark of autism, large-scale analysis shows
While many different combinations of genetic traits can cause autism, brains affected by autism share a pattern of ramped-up immune responses, an analysis of data from autopsied human brains reveals.

How to achieve health equity
In his editorial 'How to Achieve Health Equity,' published by the New England Journal of Medicine, Marshall Chin, M.D., M.P.H., the Richard Parrillo Family Professor of Healthcare Ethics at the University of Chicago Medicine, and director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Finding Answers: Disparities Research for Change, offers additional perspective on the implications of the new findings, and outlines targeted strategies he believes are essential to closing the health gap in America.

Molecular tag team revealed to control cell division
Manchester scientists have explored the role of three molecules in controlling the process of cell division in a bid to gain new insight into the transmission of vital signals from a cell's exterior to its interior.

Dragonflies on the hunt display complex choreography
The dragonfly is a swift and efficient hunter. After spotting prey, it takes about half a second to swoop beneath an unsuspecting insect and snatch it from the air.

Climate change projected to drive species northward
Anticipated changes in climate will push West Coast marine species from sharks to salmon northward an average of 30 kilometers per decade, shaking up fish communities and shifting fishing grounds, according to a new study published in the journal Progress in Oceanography.

Novel fMRI technique identifies HIV-associated cognitive decline before symptoms occur
A five-minute functional MRI test can pick up neuronal dysfunction in HIV-positive individuals who don't yet exhibit cognitive decline, say neuroscientists and clinicians at Georgetown University Medical Center.

Internet searches can predict volume of ER visits
The correlation between Internet searches on a regional medical website and next-day visits to regional emergency departments was 'significant,' suggesting that Internet data may be used in the future to predict the level of demand at emergency departments.

New drug combination for advanced breast cancer delays disease progression
A new combination of cancer drugs delayed disease progression for patients with hormone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer, according to a multi-center phase II trial.

Proteins stepping on 'landmines': How they survive the immense heat they create
Research from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and the University of California Berkeley published online on Dec.

Can poor sleep lead to dementia?
People who have sleep apnea or spend less time in deep sleep may be more likely to have changes in the brain that are associated with dementia, according to a new study published in the December 10, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Crowdfunding 101
According to University of California - Santa Barbara researchers, everything you know about crowdfunding is wrong.

Far-reaching technology for aircraft manufacture that pollutes less
Cutting the environmental costs of aero engine parts manufacturing, increasing freedom in their design and reducing fuel consumption and contaminating gas emissions are some of the benefits resulting from applying modern additive manufacturing techniques to the aircraft industry.

Drug developed at Pitt proves effective against antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs'
A treatment pioneered at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research is far more effective than traditional antibiotics at inhibiting the growth of drug-resistant bacteria, including so-called 'superbugs' resistant to almost all existing antibiotics, which plague hospitals and nursing homes.

Students design workstations that accommodate groups and individual
New school and office workspace designs created by a group of Penn State engineering students are intended to allow users to share space and materials while maintaining their own work areas -- a dual purpose the researchers say has been neglected.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists may treat alcohol dependence
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptor proteins that regulate the expression of genes.

Analogues of a natural product are drug candidates against malaria
Two analogues of borrelidin were found to cure 100 percent of infected mice and produce immunological memory in these animals, a property not previously observed in an antimalarial drug.

Many kids with open bone breaks can heal safely without surgery
Many children who sustain so-called open bone fractures in the forearm or lower leg can, and do, heal safely without surgery, according to the results of a small study led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

Sharing that crowded holiday flight with countless hitchhiking dust mites
As if holiday travel isn't stressful enough. Now University of Michigan researchers say we're likely sharing that already overcrowded airline cabin with countless tiny creatures including house dust mites.

Springer and Simula join forces to provide free eBooks on computing
Springer and Simula have launched a new book series, Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing, which aims to provide introductions to select research in computing.

How long can Ebola live?
The Ebola virus travels from person to person through direct contact with infected body fluids.

Oldest horned dinosaur species in North America found in Montana
Scientists have named the first definite horned dinosaur species from the Early Cretaceous in North America.

New 'electronic skin' for prosthetics, robotics detects pressure from different directions
Touch can be a subtle sense, but it communicates quickly whether something in our hands is slipping, for example, so we can tighten our grip.

Study finds eczema, short stature not associated overall
Eczema, an itchy chronic inflammatory disease of the skin, was not associated overall with short stature in an analysis of data from several studies, although a small group of children and adolescents with severe eczema who do not get enough sleep may have potentially reversible growth impairment, according to a study published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Discovery links shift in metabolism to stem cell renewal
Given the right environment, embryonic stem cells can renew themselves indefinitely.

Rare gene mutations raise risk of early heart attack
A team of investigators from the Broad Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital and other leading biomedical research institutions has pinpointed rare mutations in a gene called APOA5 that increase a person's risk of having a heart attack early in life.

NOAA, partners reveal first images of historic San Francisco shipwreck, SS City of Rio de Janeiro
NOAA and its partners today released 3-D sonar maps and images of an immigrant steamship lost more than 100 years ago in what many consider the worst maritime disaster in San Francisco history.

Early trial of new drug shows promise for patients with triple-negative breast cancer
In patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, infusion of pembrolizumab produced durable responses in almost one out of five patients.

Brain reward circuits respond differently to 2 kinds of sugar
New information suggests the brain responds differently to different sugars, and that one type could be connected with overeating.

Poor semen quality linked to hypertension, other health problems, Stanford study finds
A study of men who were evaluated for the cause of their infertility finds previously unknown relationships between deficiencies in their semen and other, seemingly unrelated health problems.

New insight into cancer defense mechanism
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have identified a new mechanism which gives a better understanding of cancer development.

Scientists estimate the total weight of plastic floating in the world's oceans
Nearly 269,000 tons of plastic pollution may be floating in the world's oceans.

Theory details how 'hot' monomers affect thin-film formation
Researchers have devised a mathematical model to predict how 'hot' monomers on cold substrates affect the growth of thin films being developed for next-generation electronics.

Many breast cancer surgery patients do not receive shorter radiation treatment
Although the use of a type of radiation treatment that is shorter in duration and less costly has increased among women with early-stage breast cancer who had breast conserving surgery, most patients who meet guidelines to receive this treatment do not, according to a study appearing in JAMA.

As in a cloud
Frankfurt physicists have once again contributed to resolving a disputed matter of theoretical physics.

Artificial life expert: We are in danger of losing control of our technology and our lives
Future technology will be more intelligent and more living than most people can imagine today.

NYIT study: Thyroid hormones reduce animal cardiac arrhythmias
Rats that received thyroid hormones had a reduced risk for dangerous heart arrhythmias following a heart attack, according to a new study by a team of medical researchers at New York Institute of Technology.

German breast group study: Superior activity for nab-paclitaxel in early breast cancer
German Breast Group Ph III study demonstrates superior activity for nab-paclitxel vs conventional paclitaxel in early, high-risk breast cancer, and utility of pCR (pathological complete response) as a surrogate marker for long-term efficacy

Higher rate of asthma seen in toddlers who share a bed with their parents
New research suggests that toddlers who share a bed with their parents might have an increased risk of asthma in later childhood.

NSF funds Kent State study of human chromosome
A Kent State University scientist has received a $450,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to lead a study of the workings and dynamics of a structure inside the human chromosome.

Three steps to better gift card giving
University of Cincinnati research shows recipients prefer more versatile, less personalized gift cards, regardless of the giver's thoughtful effort.

UGA study finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survival
The amount of weight a woman gains during pregnancy can be vitally important -- especially if she's carrying a boy -- according to a study by the University of Georgia released today in PLOS ONE.

Breakthrough simplifies design of gels for food, cosmetics and biomedicine
Scientists at the University of Strathclyde and City University of New York have created methods that dramatically simplify the discovery of biological gels for food, cosmetics and biomedicine, as published in the journal Nature Chemistry.

Patient's own stem cells could clear a cloudy cornea, Pitt team says
Treating the potentially blinding haze of a scar on the cornea might be as straightforward as growing stem cells from a tiny biopsy of the patient's undamaged eye and then placing them on the injury site, according to mouse model experiments conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Supplement could reduce heart disease risk in people of low birth weight
A simple supplement could be a safe and cost-effective way of reducing heart disease in individuals born with a low birth weight, suggests research from the University of Cambridge.

Worms' mental GPS helps them find food
Salk scientists develop a theory to explain how animals gather information and switch attention.

Loyola researchers identify method to assess UTI risk in women after pelvic-floor surgery
Researchers at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine may have identified a way to assess who is at risk for developing a urinary tract infection following pelvic-floor surgery.

Testosterone may contribute to colon cancer tumor growth
James Amos-Landgraf, an assistant professor of veterinary pathobiology in the MU College of Veterinary Medicine, found evidence suggesting that the male hormone testosterone may actually be a contributing factor in the formation of colon cancer tumors.

Novel approach for estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer reported
Loyola researchers and collaborators have reported promising results from a novel therapeutic approach for women with estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer.

Most women with early-stage breast cancer in US receive radiation for too long
Two-thirds of women treated for early-stage breast cancer in the US receive longer radiation therapy than necessary, according to a new study published in JAMA this week from Penn Medicine researchers Ezekiel J.

OSA, DPG name Peter E. Toschek winner of Herbert Walther Award
The Optical Society and the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft are proud to announce that the 2015 Herbert Walther Award will be presented to Peter E.

Predator versus prey
California sheephead plays a vital role in the food web of kelp forests along the Pacific coast.

Lifestyle the key to gap in cardiac patient outcomes
Patients suffering from the world's most common heart rhythm disorder can have their long-term outcomes significantly improved with an aggressive management of their underlying cardiac risk factors, according to University of Adelaide researchers.

Racial and ethnic disparities narrow for acute care
A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine reports that in 2010 compared to 2005, racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of US hospital care for heart attack, heart failure, and pneumonia shrank considerably as more patients of all races received recommended treatments.

Meniscus regenerated with 3-D printed implant
Researchers have devised a way to replace the knee's protective lining, called the meniscus, using a personalized 3-D printed implant, or scaffold, infused with human growth factors that prompt the body to regenerate the lining on its own.

Physicists explain puzzling particle collisions
An anomaly spotted at the Large Hadron Collider has prompted scientists to reconsider a mathematical description of the underlying physics.

Is care best in West? Racial gaps in Medicare Advantage persist across US, except in West
Despite years of effort to help American seniors with high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes get their blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar under control, new research shows wide gaps between older people of different ethnic backgrounds in all three of these key health measures.

A better biomonitor for children with asthma
Tel Aviv University researchers are using a diagnostic technique tested on Ground Zero firefighters to assess the effects of pollution on urban asthmatic children.

Boosting chemical by-product of dietary fiber fermentation in gut slims and trims
Boosting levels of a naturally produced by-product of dietary fiber fermentation in the bowel can help trim the waistline and stave off weight gain, reveals a small study published online in the journal Gut.

New 'high-entropy' alloy is as light as aluminum, as strong as titanium alloys
Researchers have developed a new 'high-entropy' metal alloy that has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than any other existing metal material.

Honeybee hive sealant promotes hair growth in mice
Hair loss can be devastating for the millions of men and women who experience it.

Progesterone offers no significant benefit in traumatic brain injury clinical trial
Treatment of acute traumatic brain injury with the hormone progesterone provides no significant benefit to patients when compared with placebo, a NIH-funded phase III clinical trial has concluded.

MU researcher contributes to the study of cancer-fighting tools
Nuclear medicine is the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials to provide diagnostics and treatments for cancer.

Patients given less blood during transfusions do well
It's a simple premise -- now backed up by more evidence than ever: 'Why give more blood to anyone if you can't show it benefits them?' Jeffrey Carson of Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School has found that for many patients, smaller blood transfusions after surgery are at least as beneficial as larger ones, both in the short term and the long term.

Immune function marker does not predict benefit of trastuzumab in HER-2+ breast cancer
A marker of immune function that predicts for better outcomes in patients treated with chemotherapy for triple negative breast cancer is also linked to improved prognosis in patients treated with chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer.

Added sugars likely to have greater role than salt in high blood pressure and heart disease
Added sugars in processed foods are likely to have a greater role in high blood pressure and heart disease and stroke, than added salt, say doctors in an analysis of the published evidence in the online journal Open Heart.

Midriff bulge linked to heightened risk of sudden, often fatal, heart malfunction
A persistent midriff bulge, otherwise known as central obesity, is linked to a heightened risk of a sudden, and often fatal, malfunction of the heart's electrical circuitry, suggests research published online in the journal Heart.

Fungus-growing ants selectively cultivate their crops
Ever since agriculture evolved ca 10,000 years ago, plants have been artificially selected to become the fast growing and highly productive varieties we know today.

Decades of research by MU scientist leads to advancements in nanotechnologies
Nanotechnology is the study and engineering of matter and microscopic structures.

Molecules for the masses
In collaboration with the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group at the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois, Theo Gray's company, Touchpress, has created an app for the Apple operating system that brings molecules to life in a handheld device.

A strong, year-end finish for the pharmaceutical industry
As 2014 comes to a close, pharmaceutical companies have much to celebrate.

Saving old information can boost memory for new information
The simple act of saving something, such as a file on a computer, may improve our memory for the information we encounter next, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Commonly prescribed painkiller not effective in controlling lower back pain
A new study out today in the journal Neurology shows that pregabalin is not effective in controlling the pain associated with lumbar spinal stenosis, the most common type of chronic lower back pain in older adults.

Study concludes that progesterone administered to severe TBI patients, showed no benefit
A study concluded that after five days of treatment with a novel formulation of progesterone acutely administered to patients with severe traumatic brain injury, showed no clinical benefits

New study measures methane emissions from natural gas production and offers insights into 2 large sources
Researchers find a small percentage of wells accounts for the majority of emissions.

New Notre Dame study examines important Ebola protein
A new study by Robert Stahelin, an adjunct associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Notre Dame and an associate professor at the Indiana University School of Medicine-South Bend, as well as a member of Notre Dame's Eck Institute for Global Health, investigates how the most abundant protein that composes the Ebola virus, VP 40, mediates replication of a new viral particle.

Study finds link between government healthcare spending and maternal mortality rates across the EU
Reductions in government healthcare spending in the European Union are associated with increased maternal mortality rates, suggests a new paper published Dec.

CWRU nursing school develops how-to exercise pamphlet for people with MS
Fatigue and pain, along with other symptoms, prevent many people with multiple sclerosis from exercising.

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines
A 13-year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade-long rainfall decline in the region, a new NASA-funded study finds.

Dinosaur 13 doesn't unearth whole truth about paleontology and fossil protection on US public lands
In light of the film Dinosaur 13, which describes the discovery and loss of the complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton known as 'Sue' by the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research, the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology reiterates its strong endorsement of the US Federal laws and regulations that protect fossils on public lands, which are fully consistent with the professional standards held by paleontological scientists and with the ethics of the Society.

Phenomenal fossil and detailed analysis reveal details about enigmatic fossil mammals
Mammals that lived during the time of the dinosaurs are often portrayed as innocuous, small-bodied creatures, scurrying under the feet of the huge reptiles.

New form of ice could help explore exciting avenues for energy production and storage
The discovery of a new form of ice could lead to an improved understanding of our planet's geology, potentially helping to unlock new solutions in the production, transportation and storage of energy.

Biomarker discovery sheds new light on heart attack risk of arthritis drugs
A class of drug for treating arthritis -- all but shelved over fears about side effects -- may be given a new lease of life, following the discovery of a possible way to identify which patients should avoid using it.

Ads communicate message in as little as tenth of a second, helped by color: INFORMS study
Ads can communicate their main message in as little as a tenth of a second, helped by color, according to a new study published in Marketing Science, a publication of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Islet cell transplantation after pancreas removal may help preserve normal blood sugar
Surgery to remove all or part of the pancreas and then transplant a patient's own insulin-producing islet cells appears to be a safe and effective final measure to alleviate pain from severe chronic pancreatitis and to help prevent surgically induced diabetes, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery.

Next-generation treatment for urinary tract infections may focus on fitness genes
Ask any woman: Urinary tract infections are painful and unpredictable.

Researchers demonstrate new way to plug 'leaky' light cavities
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego have demonstrated a new and more efficient way to trap light, using a phenomenon called bound states in the continuum that was first proposed in the early days of quantum wave mechanics.

Alcohol interferes with body's ability to regulate sleep
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found that drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body's sleep-regulating mechanism.

MU researcher leads developments in pharmaceuticals and energy storage
With decades of study and a deep understanding of the field, Jerry Atwood, a researcher at the University of Missouri, is a prolific chemist who has guided the study of molecules and how they interact in the physical world.

Daclatasvir for hepatitis C: Added benefit not proven
The data is unsuitable for virus genotype 4 patients and for untreated genotype 1 patients without cirrhosis; there is no data for genotype 3 patients and three other genotype 1 groups.

Link between power lines and ill-health called into question
New evidence suggesting that power lines and mobile phones do not cause physical harm to humans has been found by researchers at The University of Manchester.

New study into life-threatening pregnancy condition calls for specialist centers
A confidential enquiry into care for babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernia recommends improvements in NHS care.

Alcohol-control law may curb partner abuse
Communities with fewer places to buy or drink alcohol also tend to have lower rates of intimate partner violence, new evidence suggests.

New study uses DNA to solve mystery of sudden unexplained death
Researchers at the Scripps Translational Science Institute have launched a clinical trial aimed at cracking one of the toughest mysteries in forensic science -- sudden unexplained death.

NYSCF and the CMTA enter collaboration to advance neuropathies research
The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute announced a collaboration today with the Charcot-Marie-Tooth Association.

Revolutionary new procedure for epilepsy diagnosis unlocked by research
Pioneering new research by the University of Exeter could revolutionize global diagnostic procedures for one of the most common forms of epilepsy.

Successful explorer of active compounds
The natural product researcher Prof. Dr. Christian Hertweck from Jena receives one of the most important German research awards, the prestigious Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize 2015 of the German Research Foundation.

NYU Langone performs first US implant of patient-specific rod for spinal deformities
In early November, NYU Langone Medical Center became the first hospital in the US to implant a patient with a new customized osteosynthesis rod precisely designed and manufactured preoperatively to properly realign the individual's spine, which had been severely deformed from scoliosis since childhood.

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene
Rice University researchers use lasers to create graphene foam from inexpensive polymers in ambient conditions.

More holistic approach needed when studying the diets of our ancestors
According to an article in the December 2014 issue of The Quarterly Review of Biology, current studies modeling the diets of early hominids are too narrow.

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age
Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane, but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came out of the last ice age and addresses the cause.

Targeting mitochondrial enzyme may reduce chemotherapy drug's cardiac side effects
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified two compounds that appear, in cellular and animal models, to block the cardiac damage caused by the important chemotherapy drug doxorubicin without reducing its anti-tumor effects.

Eight scientists awarded EMBO Installation Grants
EMBO announces the selection of eight scientists as recipients of the 2014 Installation Grants.

CWRU scientists find key to vitamin A metabolism
Researchers have discovered the mechanism that enables the enzyme Lecithin: retinol acyltransferase to store vitamin A, which is essential for sight.

New technology tracks carcinogens as they move through the body
Researchers for the first time have developed a method to track through the human body the movement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as extraordinarily tiny amounts of these potential carcinogens are biologically processed and eliminated.

The ups and downs of support from friends when teens experience peer victimization
There are pros and cons to the support that victimized teenagers get from their friends.

More meds, limited literacy reduces adherence to drug regimen by liver transplant patients
New research reports that liver transplant recipients with less understanding of treatment information and improper use of medications may be more likely to have trouble following the prescribed regimen.

NASA satellite data shows Hagupit dropped almost 19 inches of rainfall
Typhoon Hagupit soaked the Philippines, and a NASA rainfall analysis indicated the storm dropped almost 19 inches in some areas.

Ancient creature discovered in the depths of the Arctic Ocean
An extraordinary animal has been discovered more than 1.5 miles (2.5 km) below the ocean surface off the coast of northern Alaska, USA.

Research aims to improve hip and knee replacement success
Washington State University researchers are working to improve materials used in hip and knee replacements so that they last longer and allow patients to quickly get back on their feet after surgery.

New breast cancer classification based on epigenetics
Breast cancer is the most common in women. One in nine will suffer breast cancer over their lifetime.

Myelin linked to speedy recovery of human visual system after tumor removal
An interdisciplinary team of neuroscientists and neurosurgeons from the University of Rochester has used a new imaging technique to show how the human brain heals itself in just a few weeks following surgical removal of a brain tumor.

New way to turn genes on
Using a gene-editing system originally developed to delete specific genes, MIT researchers have now shown that they can reliably turn on any gene of their choosing in living cells.

Organic electronics could lead to cheap, wearable medical sensors
University of California Berkeley researchers have created a pulse oximeter, commonly used to measure heart rate and blood oxygen levels, using all organic materials instead of silicon.
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