Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 16, 2014
Combining images and genetic data proves gene loss behind aggressive ovarian cancers
Cancer Research UK scientists have shown that loss of a gene called PTEN triggers some cases of an aggressive form of ovarian cancer, called high-grade serous ovarian cancer.

Study hints at antioxidant treatment for high blood pressure
High blood pressure affects more than 70 million Americans and is a major risk factor for stroke, heart failure and other renal and cardiovascular diseases.

Burg recognized as National Academy of Inventors fellow
Karen Burg, vice president for research at Kansas State University, has been named one of the 170 newest National Academy of Inventors fellows.

UBC scientist finds genetic wrinkle to block sun-induced skin aging
Scientists have shown that a key enzyme in the aging of skin, which is caused mostly by sun exposure; mice lacking that enzyme developed fewer wrinkles.

Use of alcohol, cigarettes, number of illicit drugs declines among US teens
A national survey of students in US middle schools and high schools shows some important improvements in levels of substance use.

Mayo Clinic physicians say high-definition scopes accurately assess polyps
It may not be necessary for experienced gastroenterologists to send polyps they remove from a patient's colon to a pathologist for examination, according to a large study conducted by physician researchers at the Jacksonville campus of Mayo Clinic.

Meth users face substantially higher risk for getting Parkinson's disease
In addition to incurring serious dental problems, memory loss and other physical and mental issues, methamphetamine users are three times more at risk for getting Parkinson's disease than non-illicit drug users, new research from the University of Utah and Intermountain Healthcare shows.

Bacterial 'bunches' linked to some colorectal cancers
Researchers from Johns Hopkins have found that dense mats of interacting bacteria, called biofilms, were present in the majority of cancers and polyps, particularly those on the right side of the colon.

Nova Southeastern University researcher discovers new species of sea lily
Charles Messing, Ph.D., has discovered a new species of sea lily.

Startup Seamless Devices launches from professor Peter Kinget's lab
Innovative technology developed in electrical engineering professor Peter Kinget's lab is at the core of Seamless Devices, a startup co-founded by Kinget and his former student Jayanth Kuppambatti Ph.D.

Shed post-Christmas pounds just by breathing
Ever wondered where the fat goes when somebody loses weight?

Single genetic abnormality accelerates, removes the brakes on Ewing sarcoma tumor growth
The genetic abnormality that drives the bone cancer Ewing sarcoma operates through two distinct processes -- both activating genes that stimulate tumor growth and suppressing those that should keep cancer from developing.

When you lose weight, where does the fat go?
Despite a worldwide obsession with diets and fitness regimes, many health professionals cannot correctly answer the question of where body fat goes when people lose weight, a University of New South Wales Australia study shows.

People may inherit 'gut' bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
A new study by an international team of researchers shows for the first time that people may inherit some of the intestinal bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively know as inflammatory bowel disease.

OU professors named fellows of National Academy of Inventors
Two University of Oklahoma professors -- Daniel E. Resasco and Paul H.

The sense of smell uses fast dynamics to encode odors
Neuroscientists from the John B. Pierce Laboratory and Yale School of Medicine have discovered that mice can detect minute differences in the temporal dynamics of the olfactory system, according to research that will be published on Dec.

Certain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthood
A new study from the University of Missouri and the University of Illinois at Chicago found that parents who use material goods as part of their parenting techniques may be setting children up for difficulties later in adulthood.

A beetle named Marco Polo
A team of Chinese and Italian scientists has joined efforts to provide a key to the understudied phaleratus group of blister beetles.

Thumbs-up for mind-controlled robotic arm
A paralyzed woman who controlled a robotic arm using just her thoughts has taken another step towards restoring her natural movements by controlling the arm with a range of complex hand movements.

How the brain can distinguish good from bad smells
Scientists from Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, have now found that in fruit flies, the quality and intensity of odors can be mapped in the so-called lateral horn.

The surprising history of tinsel
It's been a holiday decoration staple for decades, and it turns out that silver stuff hanging from your tree has quite a storied past.

Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases
In the fight against global warming, carbon capture -- chemically trapping carbon dioxide before it releases into the atmosphere -- is gaining momentum, but standard methods are plagued by toxicity, corrosiveness and inefficiency.

Real-time radiation monitor can reduce radiation exposure for medical workers
It's a sound that saves. A 'real-time' radiation monitor that alerts by beeping in response to radiation exposure during cardiac-catheterization procedures significantly reduces the amount of exposure that medical workers receive, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers found.

Nadine Aubry named Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors
Nadine Aubry, University Distinguished Professor and dean of the College of Engineering, has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

MU scientist and inventor advances the study of nanomedicine
Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology, or the use of microscopic structures to image and treat disease.

Men in recovery from Ebola should wear condoms for at least 3 months
A new article reports that despite a clear lack of research on male survivors of Ebola, the current recommended practice of waiting at least three months after recovery to have unprotected sex should be upheld.

Virus causing mass duck die-offs on Cape Cod identified
Since 1998, hundreds and sometimes thousands of dead eider ducks have been washing up every year on Cape Cod's beaches in late summer or early fall, but the reasons behind these cyclic die-offs have remained a mystery.

Growing shortage of stroke specialists seen
Although stroke is the No. 4 cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States, there's an increasing shortage of neurologists who specialize in stroke care.

New technology directly reprograms skin fibroblasts for a new role
Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes, the body's pigment-producing cells.

MARC travel awards announced for: APS Professional Skills Training Course
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American Physiological Society's Professional Skills Training Course from Jan.

Alcohol blackouts: Not a joke
The heaviest drinking and steepest trajectory of alcohol problems occur during the mid-teens to mid-20s.

SMU cyber warrior Fred Chang receives annual 'Security 7' award
Southern Methodist University's cyber warrior, Fred Chang, has been named an Information Security Magazine 'Security 7' award winner, which annually spotlights information security leaders at the top of their profession.

Back to the future? Past global warming period echoes today's
The rate at which carbon emissions warmed Earth's climate almost 56 million years ago resembles modern, human-caused global warming much more than previously believed, but involved two pulses of carbon to the atmosphere, researchers have found.

Healthy eaters: Ignore glycemic index
Good news for people who are already following a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and low in sweets: new research suggests these heart-healthy eaters don't need to worry about choosing low glycemic index foods to lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease.

Extra vitamin E protected older mice from getting common type of pneumonia
Extra vitamin E protected older mice from a bacterial infection that commonly causes pneumonia.

Amount of mitochondrial DNA predicts frailty and mortality
New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA, mtDNA, found in peoples' blood directly relates to how frail they are medically.

Two University of Houston scientists named to National Academy of Inventors
Two University of Houston faculty members have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors for their contributions to scientific and technological innovation.

New technology advances eye tracking as biomarker for brain function and brain injury
Researchers at New York University Langone Medical Center have developed new technology that can assess the location and impact of a brain injury merely by tracking the eye movements of patients as they watch music videos, suggesting that the use of eye tracking technology may be a potential biological marker for assessing brain function and monitoring recovery for patients with brain injuries.

Social connections keep workers on board
Contrary to popular belief, new research suggests that some employees adapt well to pressures caused by changes in the workplace.

Can returning crops to their wild states help feed the world?
To feed the world's growing population -- expected to reach nine billion by the year 2050 -- we will have to find ways to produce more food on less farmland, without causing additional harm to the remaining natural habitat.

Personality outsmarts intelligence at school
Recent research at Griffith University has found that personality is more important than intelligence when it comes to success in education and this needs to take this into account when guiding students and teachers.

Naming people and objects in baby's first year may offer learning benefits years later
In a follow-up to her earlier studies of learning in infancy, developmental psychologist Lisa Scott and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are reporting that talking to babies in their first year, in particular naming things in their world, can help them make connections between what they see and hear, and these learning benefits can be seen as much as five years later.

More than half of all children in the US will likely live with an unmarried mother
More than half of all American children will likely live with an unmarried mother at some point before they reach age 18, according to a new report.

MU scientist and inventor contributes to the study of cell genetics
Cytogenetics is a branch of science that studies the structure and function of cells with a focus on the chromosomes found within the cell.

Combining social media and behavioral psychology could lead to more HIV testing
UCLA research suggests that social media such as Twitter and Facebook, combined with behavioral psychology, could be a valuable tool in the fight against AIDS by prompting high-risk individuals to be tested.

Louisiana Tech University chemistry professor, inventor named a 2014 NAI Fellow
Dr. Yuri Lvov, professor of chemistry and T. Pipes Eminent Endowed Chair in Micro and Nanosystems at Louisiana Tech University, has been named a 2014 Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

People trust typical-looking faces most
Being 'average' is often considered a bad thing, but new research suggests that averageness wins when people assess the trustworthiness of a face.

When pursuing goals, people give more weight to progress than setbacks
New Year's resolution-makers should beware of skewed perceptions. People tend to believe good behaviors are more beneficial in reaching goals than bad behaviors are in obstructing goals, according to a University of Colorado Boulder-led study.

DNA sheds light on why largest lemurs disappeared
DNA from giant lemurs that lived thousands of years ago in Madagascar may help explain why the animals went extinct, and what makes some lemurs more at risk today.

New research unlocks a mystery of albinism
A team led by Brown University biologists has discovered the way in which a specific genetic mutation appears to lead to the lack of melanin production underlying a form of albinism.

Teen prescription opioid abuse, cigarette, and alcohol use trends down
Use of cigarettes, alcohol, and abuse of prescription pain relievers among teens has declined since 2013 while marijuana use rates were stable, according to the 2014 Monitoring the Future (survey, released today by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Microwave imaging of the breast
Although currently available diagnostic screening systems for breast are effective at detecting early signs of tumors, they are far from perfect, subjecting patients to ionizing radiation and sometimes inflicting discomfort on women who are undergoing screening because of the compression of the breast that is required to produce diagnostically useful images.

Neglected disease research in Lao PDR -- capacity building in Burundi
This year, the R. Geigy Foundation in Basel, Switzerland, confers two awards: one to the Laotian scientist Somphou Sayasone, the other to the Swiss TPH Jubilee Project 'Connecting the Dots.' The value of the prizes awarded is 10,000 CHF and 70,000 CHF, respectively.

Vessel research offers new direction to study how cancer spreads
Researchers have understood very little about how blood and lymphatic vessels form in the mammalian gut -- until now.

BJOG release: New study outlines research priorities to improve the care of women with FGM
Further evidence on how to improve the care of women living with Female Genital Mutilation is urgently needed, suggests a new study, published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Commensal bacteria were critical shapers of early human populations
Using mathematical modeling, researchers at New York and Vanderbilt universities have shown that commensal bacteria that cause problems later in life most likely played a key role in stabilizing early human populations.

UTSA engineers receive $1.08 million NIH grant to advance breast cancer research
The National Institutes of Health recently awarded a $1.08 million grant to the University of Texas at San Antonio to combine computational modeling with biological information to advance our understanding of what may cause breast cells to become cancerous.

Herd mentality: Are we programmed to make bad decisions?
A natural desire to be part of the 'in crowd' could damage our ability to make the right decisions, a new study has shown.

Effectiveness of drugs to prevent hepatitis among patients receiving chemotherapy
Among patients with lymphoma undergoing a certain type of chemotherapy, receiving the antiviral drug entecavir resulted in a lower incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatitis and HBV reactivation, compared with the antiviral drug lamivudine, according to a study in the Dec.

Do caffeine's effects differ with or without sugar?
Consuming caffeinated or sugary drinks can affect the body's metabolism, causing changes in heart and respiratory rate and weight gain.

Research shows Jaws didn't kill his cousin
New research suggests our jawed ancestors weren't responsible for the demise of their jawless cousins as had been assumed.

Pitt team publishes new findings from mind-controlled robot arm project
In another demonstration that brain-computer interface technology has the potential to improve the function and quality of life of those unable to use their own arms, a woman with quadriplegia shaped the almost human hand of a robot arm with just her thoughts to pick up big and small boxes, a ball, an oddly shaped rock, and fat and skinny tubes.

National Academy of Inventors names UT Arlington researchers as Fellows
Daniel W. Armstrong and Richard Timmons, professors in the UT Arlington College of Science, have been elected Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors.

A lot or a little
Being able to mentally consider quantities makes sense for any social species.

National Academy of Inventors names Phillip d. Zamore, Ph.D., 2014 fellow
University of Massachusetts Medical School Professor Phillip D. Zamore, Ph.D., a pioneer in the study of RNA silencing, also called RNA interference, was named a 2014 Fellow by the National Academy of Inventors.

How information moves between cultures
Networks that map strength of connections between languages predict global influence of their speakers.

UNT researcher named National Academy of Inventors Fellow
A University of North Texas plant biologist has been named a National Academy of Inventors Fellow.

UTMB study finds most patients do not use inhalers and epinephrine autoinjectors correctly
For people with asthma or severe allergies, medical devices like inhalers and epinephrine autoinjectors, such as EpiPen, can be lifesaving.

National Academy of Inventors names two Sanford-Burnham researchers as Charter Fellows
Erkki Ruoslahti and Kristiina Vuori have been named NAI Fellows -- a professional distinction accorded to academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation.

DNDi receives US$10 million from USAID to develop new drugs for neglected filaria patients
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative has been awarded US$ 10 million by the United States Agency for International Development to develop new treatments for onchocerciasis, better known as river blindness, and lymphatic filariasis, better known as elephantitis -- the first-ever USAID grant for neglected tropical disease research and development.

Archaeologists awarded Templeton, NEH grants for research at Cahokia Mounds
Archaeologists at Indiana University and the University of Illinois have been awarded two grants totaling $640,000 to continue and expand their research at Cahokia Mounds, site of the largest and possibly the most sophisticated pre-Columbian city north of Mexico.

Study recommends GPs should be more open when referring patients for cancer investigations
GPs should consider a more overt discussion with patients when referring them for further investigation of symptoms which may indicate cancer, according to a paper published in the British Journal of General Practice.

Kids' cartoon characters twice as likely to die as counterparts in films for adults
Principal cartoon characters are more than twice as likely to be killed off as their counterparts in films for adults released in the same year, reveals research from the University of Ottawa and University College London, published in the Christmas issue of The BMJ.

Probing bacterial resistance to a class of natural antibiotics
In a new study, Yixin Shi, Ph.D., and Wei Kong, Ph.D., researchers in the Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, explore the clever techniques used by bacteria to survive destruction from antimicrobial peptides -- potent defense factors produced by all living forms, including humans.

Firearm violence trends in the 21st century
While the overall death rate from firearm violence has remained unchanged for more than a decade, the patterns for suicide and homicide have changed dramatically, a UC Davis study on the epidemiology of gun violence from 2003 to 2012 has found.

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars
The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars.

Mild memory and thinking issues: What works, what doesn't? U-M experts weigh the evidence
For up to one in five Americans over age 65, getting older brings memory and thinking problems.

Is a Nintendo a safe Christmas present?
Nintendo video gaming systems are common Christmas presents, but how safe are they?

Density of alcohol outlets in rural areas depends on the town's average income
Alcohol outlets are concentrated in lower-income areas. Alcohol-related problems such as trauma, chronic disease, and suicide occur more frequently in areas with a greater density of alcohol outlets, and lower-income populations are exposed to increased risk.

Zhang receives CAREER Award from National Science Foundation
Engineers design metabolic pathways in cells to convert cheap raw materials into useful chemicals, biofuels and pharmaceuticals, but it's a delicate balance of systems for that to happen.

Hurricane-forecast satellites will keep close eyes on the tropics
A set of eight hurricane-forecast satellites being developed at the University of Michigan is expected to give deep insights into how and where storms suddenly intensify -- a little-understood process that's becoming more crucial to figure out as the climate changes, U-M researchers say.

BGRF and Chatham House announce 'Ageing and Health: Policy and Economics in an Era of Longevity'
How can societies meet the health, policy and economic challenges of global population aging?

NOAA-NASA's Suomi NPP satellite watching Cyclone Bakung's remnants
The remnants of Tropical Cyclone Bakung continue to linger in the Southern Indian Ocean, and NOAA-NASA's Suomi NPP satellite is one satellite keeping an eye on the storm for possible re-development.

Composite plane life cycle assessment shows lighter planes are the future
A global fleet of composite planes could reduce carbon emissions by up to 15 percent, but the lighter planes alone will not enable the aviation industry to meet its emissions targets, according to new research.

New tracers can identify coal ash contamination in water
Laboratory and field tests confirm that new boron and strontium tracers, developed by researchers at Duke, the University of Arkansas-Little Rock, and the University of Kentucky, can detect the distinctive isotopic and geochemical fingerprints of coal ash contamination in water.

Severely mentally ill criminals: Who goes to prison and who goes to psych institutions?
'We found a clear difference between people with a mental illness who are incarcerated for a crime and those declared not criminally responsible for a crime and then hospitalized at a psychiatric institution,' said Dr.

Syracuse biologist reveals how whales may 'sing' for their supper
Humpback whales have a trick or two, when it comes to finding a quick snack at the bottom of the ocean.

Traffic stops and DUI arrests linked most closely to lower drinking and driving
American states got tough on impaired driving in the 1980s and 1990s, but restrictions have flat lined.

Which dot will they hunt?
Very little is known about how and where the brain converts external inputs into behavioral responses.

Damming beavers are slowly changing the world
Along with the strong increase in beaver population over the past 100 years, these furry aquatic rodents have built many more ponds.

Grant funds national expansion of watershed modeling website for science curriculum
Stroud Water Research Center, in collaboration with the Concord Consortium and Millersville University of Pennsylvania, received a $2.9 million dollar grant from the National Science Foundation to dramatically expand Model My Watershed, part of the WikiWatershed suite of online tools.

Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed
University of Manchester scientists have identified the most energy-efficient way to make clouds more reflective to the sun in a bid to combat climate change.

Low glycemic diet does not improve risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes
In new findings led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Johns Hopkins University, researchers looked at glycemic index' effect on cardiovascular disease and diabetes and found that low glycemic diets did not improve insulin sensitivity or cardiovascular risk factors.

Cocaine, amphetamine users more likely to take their own lives
Stimulants use such as cocaine and amphetamine is associated with a nearly two-fold greater likelihood of suicidal behaviour amongst people who inject drugs, say researchers at the University of Montreal and the CHUM Research Centre.

Kent State professor publishes exact solution to model Big Bang and quark gluon plasma
Michael Strickland, Ph.D., associate professor of physics at Kent State University, and four of his collaborators recently published an exact solution in the journal Physical Review Letters that applies to a wide array of physics contexts and will help researchers to better model galactic structure, supernova explosions and high-energy particle collisions, such as those studied at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland.

NTU Singapore invents smart window that tints and powers itself
Nanyang Technological University scientists have developed a smart window which can darken or brighten without the need for an external power source.

Domestic abuse may affect children in womb
Domestic violence can affect children even before they're born, indicates new research by Michigan State University scientists.

Top blood transfusion-related complication more common than previously reported
Two studies published in the January issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), shed new light on the prevalence of transfusion-related acute lung injuryand transfusion-associated circulatory overload, the number one and two leading causes of blood transfusion-related deaths in the United States.

US children are safer, better-educated, and fatter
If you think American kids are faring worse and worse, a new report from Duke University may hold surprises.

The La Caixa Foundation stands firm in its commitment to research
The 18 research centers accredited with the Severo Ochoa seal of excellence have convoked the third edition of the 'La Caixa' -- Severo Ochoa International Ph.D.

Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.

Stay complex, my friends
The KISS concept -- keep it simple, stupid -- may work for many situations.

Future batteries: Lithium-sulfur with a graphene wrapper
What do you get when you wrap a thin sheet of the 'wonder material' graphene around a novel multifunctional sulfur electrode that combines an energy storage unit and electron/ion transfer networks?

Scientists trace nanoparticles from plants to caterpillars
In one of the most comprehensive studies of its kind, Rice University scientists tracked uptake and accumulation of quantum dot nanoparticles from water to plant roots, plant leaves and leaf-eating caterpillars.

NJIT physicist is named a National Academy of Inventors Fellow
Gordon Thomas, an inventive problem-solver whose creations -- from medical devices, to weapons sensors, to optical communications fiber -- are remarkable for their diversity as well as their ingenuity and practicality, has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

Glacier beds can get slipperier at higher sliding speeds
Using the Iowa State University Sliding Simulator, Iowa State glaciologists Lucas Zoet and Neal Iverson have found that as a glacier's sliding speed increases, the bed beneath the glacier can grow slipperier.

Previously removed immigrants more likely to be rearrested later, study finds
A new study finds that unauthorized immigrants who previously have been removed from the US are more likely to be rearrested after leaving jail and are likely to be rearrested much more frequently than those who have never been removed.

Introverts could shape extroverted co-workers' career success, OSU study shows
Introverted employees are more likely to give low evaluations of job performance to extroverted co-workers, giving introverts a powerful role in workplaces, new research shows.

Antibiotic resistance is a gut reaction
Scientists from the Institute of Food Research and the University of East Anglia have discovered how certain gut bacteria can protect themselves and others in the gut from antibiotics.

Two INRS professors named Fellows of the American Physical Society
Professors Roberto Morandotti and Federico Rosei of the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre have been elected Fellows of the American Physical Society.

'Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application'
'Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application' is about time and its powerful influence on our personal and collective daily life.

Low glycemic index carbohydrate diet does not improve CV risk factors, insulin resistance
In a study that included overweight and obese participants, those with diets with low glycemic index of dietary carbohydrate did not have improvements in insulin sensitivity, lipid levels, or systolic blood pressure, according to a study in the Dec.

Ocean acidification a culprit in commercial shellfish hatcheries' failures
The mortality of larval Pacific oysters in Northwest hatcheries has been linked to ocean acidification.

Microbiome may have shaped early human populations
Vanderbilt mathematician Glenn Webb and NYU microbiologist Martin Blaser propose that the microbes which live on our bodies may have influenced the age structure of human populations in prehistoric times.

Research studies role native language plays in processing words in new languages
Research at the University of Kansas is exploring how a person's native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language.

Med students' site translates Ferguson evidence medical jargon
A group of nine Brown University medical students has posted lay translations of the medical evidence considered by the grand jury in the Michael Brown/Ferguson, Mo., case.

Are transgender veterans at greater risk of suicide?
Veterans of the US armed forces who have received a diagnosis consistent with transgender status are more likely to have serious suicidal thoughts and plans and to attempt suicide.

'Microlesions' in epilepsy discovered by novel technique
Using an innovative technique combining genetic analysis and mathematical modeling with some basic sleuthing, researchers have identified previously undescribed microlesions in brain tissue from epileptic patients.

Teen contraband smokers more likely to use illicit drugs: Study
A University of Alberta economics professor has discovered a link between contraband cigarette use and illicit drug use among Canadian teens.

NREL compares state solar policies to determine equation for solar market success
Analysts at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have used statistical analyses and detailed case studies to better understand why solar market policies in certain states are more successful.

First real-world trial of impact of patient-controlled access to electronic medical records
The first real-world trial of the impact of patient-controlled access to electronic medical records has been conducted by Regenstrief Institute, IU School of Medicine and Eskenazi Health.

Political extremists may be less susceptible to common cognitive bias
People who occupy the extreme ends of the political spectrum, whether liberal or conservative, may be less influenced by outside information on a simple estimation task than political moderates, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

How music class can spark language development
Music training has well-known benefits for the developing brain, especially for at-risk children.

First steps for Hector the robot stick insect
A research team at Bielefeld University has succeeded in teaching the only robot of its kind in the world how to walk.

Home- vs. mobile clinic-based HIV testing and counseling in rural Africa
Home- and community-based HIV testing and counselling services can achieve high participation uptake in rural Africa but reach different populations within a community and should be provided depending on the groups that are being targeted, according to new research published in this week's PLOS Medicine by Niklaus Labhardt from the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, and colleagues from SolidarMed, a Swiss non-governmental Organization for Health in Africa.

New method identifies genome-wide off-target cleavage sites of CRISPR-Cas nucleases
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a method of detecting, across the entire genome of human cells, unwanted DNA breaks induced by use of the popular gene-editing tools called CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nucleases.

Breakthrough capability keeps subs, ships on safe track
Interactive software that can dramatically cut the time it takes to plan safe submarine missions is crossing over to the surface fleet and is being installed this month on the guided-missile cruiser USS Mobile Bay (CG 53).

Study reveals abundance of microplastics in the world's deep seas
Around four billion minute fibers could be littering each square kilometer of some of the world's deep seas, according to a study led by Plymouth University and Natural History Museum.

Big-data analysis reveals gene sharing in mice
Rice University scientists have detected at least three potential hybridization events that likely shaped the evolutionary paths of 'old world' mice, two in recent times and one in the ancient past.

Depression in dementia more common in community care, study finds
A University of Manchester study of over 400 people in eight EU countries with severe dementia has found that those residing in long-term care homes are less likely to suffer from depressive symptoms than those living in the community.

Tomorrow's tech-most-wanted at Eureka Park
Smarter home systems, better batteries, more wearable tech, and totally outside-the-box electronics with the potential to usher in the next generation of high-tech living can be found in one place in January.

Discovery aims to fight destructive bee disease
University of Guelph researchers hope their new discovery will help combat a disease killing honeybee populations around the world.

What was the 'Paleo diet'? There was far more than one, study suggests
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, a weight-loss craze in which people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age, gives modern calorie-counters great freedom because those ancestral diets likely differed substantially over time and space, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Kent State University.

Population Council reports positive acceptability for investigational contraceptive ring
The Population Council published new research in the November issue of the journal Contraception demonstrating that an investigational one-year contraceptive vaginal ring containing Nestorone and ethinyl estradiol was found to be highly acceptable among women enrolled in a Phase 3 clinical trial.

Cracking the code of brain development
Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D., Director and CEO of the Lieber Institute for Brain Development says that, 'by linking developmental brain disorders like schizophrenia and autism to specific molecular signatures in early brain development, we are much closer to finding new treatments based on how a brain first gets ill rather than only on how it behaves ill.'

Two University of Houston scientists named to National Academy of Inventors
Two University of Houston faculty members have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors for their contributions to scientific and technological innovation.

Broad receptive field responsible for differentiated neuronal activity
Some neurons are more active than others, even when they are positioned right next to each other and are one and the same neuron type.

NREL to advance technologies for microgrid projects
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is providing critical support to two new microgrid projects coordinated by the Electric Power Research Institute and General Electric Company.

Hospital-based exercise program improves quality of life for adults with arthritis
A study at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City finds that older adults experienced less pain, stiffness and fatigue after participating in a hospital-based exercise program.

Nationwide project paves way for clinical genetic diagnosis
A pioneering program for diagnosing the genetic cause of rare developmental diseases in children has demonstrated the feasibility and value of introducing large-scale sequencing diagnostics into the NHS.

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'
New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen, and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures.

Yale researchers reveal Ebola virus spreads in social clusters
An analysis of the ongoing Ebola outbreak reveals that transmission of the virus occurs in social clusters, a finding that has ramifications for case reporting and the public health.

Season's eatings
Some women become preoccupied with their body weight and shape after changes in hormones drive increases in emotional eating, or the tendency to overconsume food in response to negative emotions.
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