Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 19, 2014
Joachim Kopp receives ERC Starting Grant for research in particle and astroparticle physics
Professor Joachim Kopp receives a prestigious Starting Grant worth 800,000 Euros from the European Research Council to help promote his work in the field of theoretical particle and astroparticle physics.

Epithelial tube contraction
Researchers at the Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore have identified a novel mechanosensitive regulation of epithelial tube contraction.

Innovative manufacturing to take IT beyond the electronic age
A £5.2 million project led by the University of Leeds is aiming to transform data communications with a new generation of photonic microchips.

Steroid-based treatment may answer needs of pediatric EoE patients
A new formulation of oral budesonide suspension, a steroid-based treatment, is safe and effective in treating pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Quantum world without queues could lead to better solar cells
In a recent study from Lund University in Sweden, researchers have used new technology to study extremely fast processes in solar cells.

Televised medical talk shows: Health education or entertainment?
Millions of viewers around the world watch the televised medical talk programs 'The Dr.

National trial first to focus on long-term complications associated with chronic kidney disease
UT Southwestern will lead the first National Institutes of Health-funded, multicenter, clinical trial to address interventions for patients with multiple chronic conditions centered around kidney disease.

NASA balloons begin flying in Antarctica for 2014 campaign
NASA's 2014-2015 Antarctic Scientific Balloon Campaign took to the skies Wednesday, Dec.

NASA's SDO captures images of 2 mid-level flares
The sun emitted a mid-level flare on Dec. 18, 2014, at 4:58 p.m.

National Academy of Inventors publishes annual meeting proceedings
The current special issue of Technology and Innovation is devoted to presentations from the Third Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors, which was held March 6-7, 2014, at the headquarters of the United States Patent and Trademark Office in Alexandria, Va., and includes select articles from the conference, as well as a general section related to pharmacy and nanotechnology, and an additional manuscript discussing innovation in chemistry.

Helping parents understand infant sleep patterns
Most parents are not surprised by the irregularity of a newborn infant's sleep patterns, but by six months or so many parents wonder if something is wrong with their baby or their sleeping arrangements if the baby is not sleeping through the night.

OCD patients' brains light up to reveal how compulsive habits develop
Misfiring of the brain's control system might underpin compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to researchers at the University of Cambridge, writing in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

A 'GPS' for molecules
In everyday life, the global positioning system can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination.

A vegetarian carnivorous plant
Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition.

Technophobia may keep seniors from using apps to manage diabetes
Despite showing interest in web or mobile apps to help manage their type 2 diabetes, only a small number of older adults actually use them, says a new study from the University of Waterloo.

Alaska fish adjust to climate change by following the food
Not all species may suffer from climate change. A new analysis shows that Dolly Varden, a species of char common in southeast Alaska, adjust their migrations so they can keep feasting on a key food source -- salmon eggs -- even as shifts in climate altered the timing of salmon spawning.

High blood sugar in young children with type 1 diabetes linked to changes in brain growth
Investigators have found that young children with type 1 diabetes have slower brain growth compared to children without diabetes.

A polymorphism and the bacteria inside of us help dictate inflammation, antitumor activity
A common polymorphism can lead to a chain of events that dictates how a tumor will progress in certain types of cancer, including a form of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer, according to new research from The Wistar Institute that was published online by the journal Cancer Cell.

Funding ended for University of California High-Performance AstroComputing Center
Funding has not been renewed for the five-year-old University of California High-Performance AstroComputing Center (UC-HiPACC).

Ames Laboratory scientist Wang named APS Fellow
Ames Laboratory scientist Cai-Zhuang Wang, a senior scientist at the Ames Laboratory, was named a 2014 Fellow of the American Physical Society.

Early exposure to antidepressants affects adult anxiety and serotonin transmission
Now, a UCLA team has studied early developmental exposure to two different antidepressants, Prozac and Lexapro, in a mouse model that mimics human third trimester medication exposure.

Hermit creepy crawlies: Two new taxa of wood-feeding cockroach from China
Scientists from the Southwest University, Chongqing, China, have found a new species and a new subspecies of cockroach.

UT Dallas professor elected to National Academy
Dr. James Coleman, a leader in the development and application of semiconductor lasers and photonic devices and head of the Department of Electrical Engineering at UT Dallas, has been elected a 2014 Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

Family criticizing your weight? You might add more pounds
Women whose loved ones are critical of their weight tend to put on even more pounds, says a new study on the way people's comments affect our health.

Yellowstone's thermal springs -- their colors unveiled
Researchers at Montana State University and Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences in Germany have created a simple mathematical model based on optical measurements that explains the stunning colors of Yellowstone National Park's hot springs and can visually recreate how they appeared years ago, before decades of tourists contaminated the pools with make-a-wish coins and other detritus.

Making a good thing better
Berkeley Lab researchers carried out the first X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of a model electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries and may have found a pathway forward to improving LIBs for electric vehicles and large-scale electrical energy storage.

One in every three people with type 1 diabetes produces insulin years post-diagnosis
About one-third of people with type 1 diabetes produce insulin, as measured by C-peptide, a byproduct of insulin production, even upward of forty years from initial diagnosis, according to a first-of-its-kind, large-scale study conducted by researchers from T1D Exchange.

Securing future food supply for the developing world
An interdisciplinary research project led by FAU scientists aims to determine ways to increase the total biomass and starch yield of the cassava plant.

Quantum physics just got less complicated
Researchers show that wave-particle duality and quantum uncertainty are the same thing, reducing two mysteries to one

The state of shale
University of Pittsburgh researchers have shared their findings from three studies related to shale gas in a recent special issue of the journal Energy Technology.

New technique reveals immune cell motion
Neutrophils, cells recruited by the immune system to fight infection, need to move through a great variety of tissues.

Scientists reveal breakthrough in optical fiber communications
Researchers from the University of Southampton have revealed a breakthrough in optical fiber communications.

Trade winds ventilate the tropical oceans
Long-term observations indicate that the oxygen minimum zones in the tropical oceans have expanded in recent decades.

Atom-thick CCD could capture images
A synthetic two-dimensional material known as CIS could be the basis for ultimately thin imaging devices and optical sensors.

Concerns raised about variable performance of some UK personal use breathalyzers
The ability of some breathalyzers widely sold to the UK public to detect potentially unsafe levels of breath alcohol for driving, varies considerably, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Microplastics in the ocean: Biologists study effects on marine animals
Ingestion of microplastic particles does not mechanically affect marine isopods.

Reducing emergency surgery cuts health care costs
In new findings published online in the journal Annals of Surgery on Dec.

Lost memories might be able to be restored, new UCLA study indicates
New UCLA brain research offers hope for patients in early stages of Alzheimer's disease that lost memories can be restored.

New challenges for ocean acidification research
To continue its striking development, ocean acidification research needs to bridge between its diverging branches towards an integrated assessment.

Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grants CMU $2 million to transform education in Humanities
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has awarded Carnegie Mellon University a five-year, $2 million grant to use technology-enhanced learning to transform and enhance graduate education in the humanities.

The VuePod: Powerful enough for a gamer, made for an engineer
It's like a scene from a gamer's wildest dreams: 12 high-definition, 55-inch 3-D televisions all connected to a computer capable of supporting high-end, graphics-intensive gaming.
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