Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 30, 2014
Bats are a possible source of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa
The outbreak of the Ebola virus disease occurring in West Africa may have originated from contact between humans and virus-infected bats, suggests a study led by researchers from the Robert Koch-Institute in Berlin, Germany.

Malaria combination drug therapy for children
A drug combination of artemisinin-naphthoquine should be considered for the treatment of children with uncomplicated malaria in settings where multiple parasite species cause malaria according to Tim Davis from University of Western Australia, Fremantle, Australia and colleagues in new research published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Molecules seen binding to HIV-1's protective capsule, blocking infection
New research shows an HIV-1 inhibitor and a host protein binding to HIV-1's protective capsule, preventing it from disassembling.

Molecular network identified underlying autism spectrum disorders
Researchers in the United States have identified a molecular network that comprises many of the genes previously shown to contribute to autism spectrum disorders.

Lung cancer metastases may travel through airways to adjacent or distant lung tissue
A new study by researchers in Canada supports the hypothesis that lung cancer, particularly adenocarcinoma, may spread through the airways.

Parental history of suicide attempt associated with increased risk in kids
A suicide attempt by a parent increased the odds nearly five-fold that a child would attempt suicide, according to a report published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

New treatment strategy allows lower doses of toxic tuberculosis drug without compromising potency
While an effective treatment is available for combating multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, it carries serious side effects for patients.

Gift-wrapped gas molecules
A group of scientists led by researchers at the Université de Versailles' Institut Lavoisier in France has worked out how to stably gift-wrap a chemical gas known as nitric oxide within metal-organic frameworks.

Nature, nurture and time
A new study has produced the best evidence yet that the role of genetics in complex traits, including obesity, varies over time.

Researchers use nanotechnology to engineer ACL replacements
Northwestern University researchers created a synthetic graft for ACL reconstruction that integrates with the native bone, promotes growth of new ligament tissue, and stabilizes the knee.

NASA sees a weaker Tropical Depression Jangmi slide into Sulu Sea
Tropical storm Jangmi, known in the Philippines as 'Seniang' weakened to a tropical depression as it moved into the Sulu Sea and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm that showed its eastern side was still affecting the central and northern Philippines on Dec.

Children with autism who live with pets are more assertive
Dogs and other pets play an important role in individuals' social lives, and they can act as catalysts for social interaction, previous research has shown.

A simulation of the universe with realistic galaxies
An international team of astronomers, based at the Universities of Leiden in the Netherlands and Durham in the UK have developed a simulation of the universe in which realistic galaxies are created; their mass, size and age are similar to those of observed galaxies.

Speeding up Ebola drug production
Researchers at the University of California, Davis will explore ways to speed production of the Ebola drug with a $200,000 rapid-response grant from the National Science Foundation.

New liver cancer target is a protein that accelerates inflammation
Hepatitis, alcohol consumption, and even obesity can produce chronic inflammation in the liver and set the stage for cancer.

NASA sees heaviest rainfall north of Tropical Cyclone Kate's eye
As Tropical Cyclone Kate continues moving southwest through the Southern Indian Ocean, NASA/JAXA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite passed overhead on Dec.

Researchers find significant link to daily physical activity, vascular health
As millions of Americans resolve to live healthier lives in 2015, research from the University of Missouri School of Medicine shows just how important diligent daily physical activity is.

Researchers show neutrinos can deliver not only full-on hits but also 'glancing blows'
In what they call a 'weird little corner' of the already weird world of neutrinos, physicists have found evidence that these tiny particles might be involved in a surprising reaction.

Studies on exotic superfluids in spin-orbit coupled Fermi gases were reviewed
The recent experimental implementation of synthetic gauge field in ultracold atomic gases has significantly extended the horizon of quantum simulation in these systems.

A repulsive material
In a world-first achievement, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan, along with colleagues from the National Institute of Material Science and the University of Tokyo, have developed a new hydrogel whose properties are dominated by electrostatic repulsion, rather than attractive interactions.

Cancer treatment potential discovered in gene repair mechanism
Case Western Reserve researchers have identified a two-pronged therapeutic approach that shows great potential for weakening and then defeating cancer cells.

New study links neurological disorders in captive felids to improper diet
New research study confirms connection between high incidence of spinal cord issues in cheetahs and lions kept as exotic pets in the United Arab Emirates with dietary deficiencies.

Neonatal HBV vaccine reduces liver cancer risk
Neonatal HBV vaccination reduces the risk of liver cancer and other liver diseases in young adults in China, according to a study published by Chunfeng Qu, Taoyang Chen, Yawei Zhang and colleagues from the Cancer Institute & Hospital at the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Qidong Liver Cancer Institute, China, and Yale School of Public Health and School of Medicine, USA in this week's PLOS Medicine.
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