Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 12, 2015
Many cancer survivors have unmet physical and mental needs related to their disease and its treatment
Even decades after being cured, many cancer survivors face physical and mental challenges resulting from their disease and its treatment.

Greenland meltwater contributes to rising sea levels
As the largest single chunk of melting snow and ice in the world, the massive ice sheet that covers about 80 percent of Greenland is recognized as the biggest potential contributor to rising sea levels due to glacial meltwater.

$375 billion wasted on billing and health insurance-related paperwork annually: Study
Medical billing paperwork and insurance-related red tape cost the US economy approximately $471 billion in 2012, 80 percent of which is waste due to the inefficiency of the nation's complex, multi-payer way of financing care, researchers say.

Deep thinking is not reserved for geniuses but is for everyone -- here's why
It is futile to look for creative insights in the computer analysis of 'big data.' Creative insights in mathematics arise from a 'eureka process,' Deep Thinking, which involves the systematic use of non-logical elements.

From sexual dysfunction to anxiety, many cancer survivors struggle with post treatment
Even decades after being cured, many cancer survivors face physical and mental challenges resulting from their disease and its treatment.

UCLA-led study shows how meltwater on Greenland's ice sheet contribute to rising sea levels
Using satellite and field work after an extreme melt event in Greenland, a UCLA-led study finds that melt-prone areas on its ice sheet develop a remarkably efficient drainage system of stunning blue streams and rivers that carry meltwater into moulins (sinkholes) and ultimately the ocean.

Study finds experience of pain relies on multiple brain pathways, not just one
People's mindsets can affect their experience of pain. For example, a soldier in battle or an athlete in competition may report that an injury did not feel especially painful in the heat of the moment.

Epigenetics: The epigenetic switchboard
Epigenetic signals help determine which genes are activated at which time in a given cell.

Ten percent of heart patients may be inappropriately prescribed aspirin
More than 10 percent of patients treated with aspirin therapy for primary cardiovascular disease prevention were likely inappropriately prescribed medication, according to a new study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology that examined practice variations in aspirin therapy.

'Survival' protein a target in drug-resistant non-Hodgkin lymphomas
Melbourne researchers have discovered that targeting a cell 'survival' protein could help treat some lymphomas, including those cancers with genetic defects that make them resistant to many existing therapies.

Computers using digital footprints are better judge of personality than friends and family
Researchers have found that, based on enough Facebook Likes, computers can judge your personality traits better than your friends, family and even your partner.

Graffiti: Art or eyesore?
Graffiti is slowly starting to be seen as an art form for the disenfranchised, yet you'd never know it by reading the news, a Michigan State University sociologist argues in a new study.

Novella Clinical and CRF collaborate to provide comprehensive clinical trial expertise
Novella Clinical, a Quintiles company (Novella), and the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) today announced a preferred provider collaboration that will offer a set of clinical trial services to developers of cardiovascular drugs and devices.

Mechanistic insights into spinal muscular atrophy suggest new paths for treatment
Today, a team of researchers from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory sheds new light on the underlying pathology of spinal muscular atrophy, a rare but devastating disease that causes muscle weakness and paralysis and is the leading genetic cause of infant deaths.

Rise in mass die-offs seen among birds, fish and marine invertebrates
An analysis of 727 studies reveals that there have been more instances of rapid, catastrophic animal die-offs over the past 75 years.

Curbing growth of physician self-referrals requires Congress
Recent federal reports show that physicians are increasingly referring services such as diagnostic imaging to businesses in which they have a financial stake.

Researchers identify key substance that protects against pre-term birth
Researchers at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have identified hyaluronon as a critical substance made by the body that protects against premature births caused by infection.

They see flow signals: Researchers identify nature of fish's 'sixth sense'
A team of scientists has identified how a 'sixth sense' in fish allows them to detect flows of water, which helps resolve a long-standing mystery about how these aquatic creatures respond to their environment.

Two-faced fish clue that our ancestors 'weren't shark-like'
An investigation of a 415-million-year-old fish skull strongly suggests that the last common ancestor of all jawed vertebrates, including humans, was not very shark-like.

Children eligible for expanded Medicaid contribute more in taxes as adults
A new study finds that children who received expanded Medicaid benefits in the 1980s and 1990s contributed more to the US tax system as adults.

Renowned professor's book addresses stem cell biology & regenerative medicine
In his latest book published by World Scientific, Professor David Warburton from The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the University of Southern California presents a collection of essays on the current state of the regenerative medicine and stem cell research field.

Waterloo chemist one step closer to a new generation of electric car battery
An ultra-thin nanomaterial is at the heart of a major breakthrough by Waterloo scientists who are in a global race to invent a cheaper, lighter and more powerful rechargeable battery for electric vehicles.

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output
A team from Brookhaven Lab and Columbia University has paired up photovoltaic polymers that produce two units of electricity per unit of light instead of the usual one on a single molecular polymer chain.

Few UK family doctors seem to be treating obesity/overweight appropriately
Few UK family doctors seem to be treating overweight/obesity appropriately, with some not treating it all, suggests an analysis of patient records published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Social cost of climate change too low, Stanford scientists say
The economic damage caused by a ton of CO2 emissions --often referred to as the 'social cost' of carbon -- could actually be six times higher than the value that the United States uses to guide current energy regulations, and possibly future mitigation policies, Stanford scientists say.

China's water stress set to worsen with transfer initiatives
New research paints a grim picture for the future of China's water supply, as its booming economy continues to heap pressure on its natural resources, according to scientists at the University of East Anglia, the University of Leeds and other international institutions.

Evolution: Rock sponges split up
A study led by researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich throws new light on the evolution of the so-called rock sponges, and reveals that conventional, morphology-based taxonomies do not accurately reflect the true genealogical relationships within the group.

23andMe announces collaboration with Pfizer Inc. to conduct genetic research
23andMe, Inc., the leading personal genetics company, today announced an agreement with Pfizer Inc. that will provide Pfizer with access to 23andMe's research platform, including services and Research Portal analysis of 23andMe's genotyped population of over 800,000 individuals, of which more than 80 percent have consented to participate in research.

Helmsley awards $6.4M to Sage Bionetworks, Project, Mozilla Foundation
Helmsley Charitable Trust announces grants, which together total more than $6.4 million, to three pioneering nonprofit organizations that promote more open, accurate and collaborative science: Sage Bionetworks, the Project and the Mozilla Foundation.

One pipeline that combines many gene-finding tools
MAKER2 is an annotation pipeline that combines multiple programs into a single bioinformatics tool that can produce genome annotations even with limited data.

Tired of London? Maybe you're living in the wrong place
'When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life,' observed the writer Samuel Johnson in the 18th century.

High hepatitis C cure rate seen in NIH-led trial of 6-week oral drug regimens
Thirty-eight of 40 volunteers with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections who received a combination of three direct-acting oral drugs for six weeks were cured in a clinical trial conducted at the National Institutes of Health.

Mountain system artificially inflates temperature increases at higher elevations
In a recent study, University of Montana and Montana Climate Office researcher Jared Oyler found that while the western US has warmed, recently observed warming in the mountains of the Western US likely is not as large as previously supposed.

Tufts University researchers identify mechanism involved in causing cataracts in mice
A team led by Tufts University researchers discovered that a communications breakdown between two biochemical pathways is involved in causing cataracts in mice.

New research on what the nose 'knows' reveals an unexpected simplicity
A team working for 5 years across two continents have made the surprising discovery that two types of neuronal processors found in the rat olfactory bulb solve the difficult problem of identifying constantly fluctuating environmental odors through linear summation.

Environmental health benefits inspire people to cut back on electricity
A UCLA study finds that telling people how much pollution they could prevent inspires them to save more energy than touting cost savings.

Researchers discover new therapeutic target for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia
A study by the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore has found new interactions between two molecules involved in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), STAT3 and PRL-3, which may offer a new therapeutic target for cancer treatment.

As many as two-fifths of never-smoking teens are exposed to secondhand smoke worldwide
Many teens who have never smoked are being exposed to the health dangers of tobacco.

Researchers dispute warning that drugs for high cholesterol could impair memory, cognitive function
Researchers question whether there is substance to the US Food and Drug Agency's recent warning that statins could affect the memory, attention span and other cognitive abilities of people who take this drug to control high cholesterol.

NASA awards $30 million grant to Penn State to help answer climate questions
Penn State will lead a five-year, $30 million mission to improve quantification of present-day carbon-related greenhouse gas sources and sinks.

Little or no benefit from nutrient additions to vitamin waters and energy drinks
A new study by researchers working at the University of Toronto and Ryerson University investigated the nutritional benefits of novel beverages (vitamin waters, energy drinks, and novel juices) sold in Canadian supermarkets by assessing their micronutrient compositions.

Shorter combination treatment as effective as monotherapy for TB prevention in kids
To prevent tuberculosis in children with latent tuberculosis infection (which is not active but can become active), combination treatment with the medications rifapentine and isoniazid was as effective as longer treatment with only isoniazid, according to a study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Applied Public Health Research Chair will address gaps in Indigenous health
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Public Health Agency of Canada have awarded Dr.

Study suggests some older adults potentially overtreated for diabetes
Many older adults with diabetes whose health status was complex/intermediate to very complex/poor still maintained tight blood sugar control, which suggests a substantial proportion of older adults may be overtreated for diabetes because insulin and sulfonylureas can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Portly pastors make up more than a third of American clergy, Baylor study finds
More than a third of American clergy members are obese, with stress, longer hours, being underpaid and lack of self-care among the reasons, according to a Baylor University study.

UK trainee doctors still in the dark about potentially fatal allergic reaction
UK trainee doctors on the frontline of care seem to be no better at recognizing and treating the potentially fatal allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis, than they were 10 years ago, reveals a small study published in Postgraduate Medical Journal.

A honey bee hive tells all
Researchers are letting honey bees do their fieldwork for them by applying metabarcoding technology to pollen DNA analysis.

New catalyst process uses light, not metal, for rapid polymerization
UC Santa Barbara researchers develop a metal-free atom transfer radical polymerization process that uses an organic-based photocatalyst.

UTHealth scientists elected AAAS Fellows for their vision-saving efforts
Two professors in the School of Public Health at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston -- Stephen Daiger, Ph.D., and Robert Hardy, Ph.D.

Revealing the inner workings of a molecular motor
In research published in the Journal of Cell Biology, scientists from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have made important steps toward understanding how dynein -- a 'molecular motor' -- walks along tube-like structures in the cell to move cellular cargo from the outer structures toward the cell body of neurons.

Researchers uncover more clues to how drug reverses obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease
Researchers at the University of Michigan have identified how a promising drug in clinical trials for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic disorders improves the metabolism of sugar by generating a new signal between fat cells and the liver.

Study reveals potential of ultrasound for detecting potential heart attacks and stroke before symptoms arise in both developed and developing countries
A study of portable ultrasound carried out in the USA, Canada and India has revealed the potential of this technology for detecting plaques in peripheral arteries that can lead to heart attacks and stroke before symptoms arise, in both developed and developing country settings, allowing preventive treatment in those affected.

Columbia epidemiologists receive grant to study senior safety on the road
By the year 2029, more than one in five Americans will be over the age of 65.

UTHealth research: Mental health care lacking in state and federal prisons
A significant portion of state and federal prisoners are not receiving treatment for mental health conditions, according to research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health.

Findings from the Women of Color HIV Initiative published in AIDS Patient Care and STDs journal
African Americans currently account for nearly half of all new HIV diagnoses, and among females, 64 percent of new HIV diagnoses affect Black/African American women.

Penn Medicine study: Web-based TAVR marketing found to overstate benefits, understate risks
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement delivers a new, collapsible aortic valve through a catheter to the valve site within the heart -- a repair that otherwise requires open heart surgery.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Jan. 13, 2015
In this issue: 'NIH publishes final report on the use of opioids for chronic pain', 'evidence suggests that some serious risks of long-term opioid therapy may be dose-dependent' and 'ACP publishes recommendations to improve clinical documentation in electronic health records'.

New superconducting hybrid crystals developed at University of Copenhagen
A new type of 'nanowire' crystals that fuses semiconducting and metallic materials on the atomic scale could lay the foundation for future semiconducting electronics.

From the bottom up: Manipulating nanoribbons at the molecular level
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley, have developed a new precision approach for synthesizing graphene nanoribbons from pre-designed molecular building blocks.

World first at the Montreal Heart Institute -- personalized therapy for cardiovascular disease
Researchers at the Montreal Heart Institute announced today results showing that patients with cardiovascular disease and the appropriate genetic background benefit greatly from the new medication dalcetrapib, with a reduction of 39 percent in combined clinical outcomes including heart attacks, strokes, unstable angina, coronary revascularizations and cardiovascular deaths.

3-D printed Shelby Cobra highlights ORNL R&D at Detroit Auto Show
ORNL's newest 3-D printed vehicle pays homage to the classic Shelby Cobra in celebration of the racing car's 50th anniversary.

Pediatricians miss autism symptoms in brief checkups
Researchers studied pediatric exams where care providers performed autism observations for 15-33-month-old children.

Blocking hormone could eliminate stress-induced infertility
Stress is known to interfere with reproduction, but a new study by UC Berkeley scientists shows that the effects of chronic stress on fertility persist long after the stress is gone.

Family income, child behavior factors in legal disputes about kids with autism
A national survey of parents of kids with autism indicates these families with higher incomes are more likely to use their procedural safeguards -- including mediation and due process hearings -- to solve disputes with schools over their children's education.

Fish peptide could help in battle against cardiovascular disease
A major international review of a peptide originally found in fish that could be used in the battle against cardiovascular disease has been published.

Genetic discovery about childhood blindness paves the way for new treatments
Finding genes for retinal degenerations has immediate benefits for people living with blindness and vision loss, their families, and their physicians.

Imaging study finds first evidence of neuroinflammation in brains of chronic pain patients
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found, for the first time, evidence of neuroinflammation in key regions of the brains of patients with chronic pain.

Patch or pills? How quickly smokers break down nicotine may point to best ways to quit
Researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and collaborators have shown the benefits of a personalized approach to smoking treatment, based on how quickly smokers break down nicotine in their bodies.

People watching: Different brain pathways responsible for person, movement recognition
Researchers from University College London, Carnegie Mellon University and the University of California, San Diego have found that the ability to understand different movements, such as walking, skipping and jumping, engages different brain mechanisms from those that recognize who is initiating the action.

New strains of parasites identified
McGill researchers have discovered that there are three genetically distinct groups of whipworms -- and that only one of the three appears to be transmissible between humans and non-human primates.

Sex and the single evening primrose
Sex or no sex? Using various species of the evening primrose as his model, Jesse Hollister, a former University of Toronto post-doctoral fellow, and his colleagues have demonstrated strong support for a theory that biologists have long promoted: Species that reproduce sexually, rather than asexually, are healthier over time, because they don't accumulate harmful mutations.

Is stem cell therapy less effective in older patients with chronic diseases?
A promising new therapeutic approach to treat a variety of diseases involves taking a patient's own cells, turning them into stem cells, and then deriving targeted cell types such as muscle or nerve cells to return to the patient to repair damaged tissues and organs.

FDA approved drug extends survival for patients with rare cancer
Sunitinib, an agent approved for use in several cancers, provides unprecedented antitumor activity in thymic carcinoma, a rare but aggressive tumor of the thymus gland, according to a phase II clinical trial.

Vision system for household robots
A new algorithm could enable household robots to better identify objects in cluttered environments.

Beyond the bandages: Study finds pediatric trauma nurses know about trauma-informed care
Pediatric nurses play a key role in preventing post-traumatic stress in injured children and their families by practicing 'trauma-informed care'.

January/February 2015 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the Jan.-Feb 2015 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

TSRI scientists design nicotine vaccine that provokes robust immune response
When a promising nicotine vaccine failed in clinical trials a few years ago, scientists from The Scripps Research Institute were determined to keep trying to help smokers overcome their addiction.

MD Anderson and Amgen announce agreement to develop BiTEĀ® therapies for myelodysplastic syndrome
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Amgen have announced a research collaborative agreement focusing on Amgen's bispecific T cell engager (BiTEĀ®) antibody constructs, an immunotherapy that serves as a 'bridge' between T cells and cancer cells.

Revisions to molecular testing guideline continues to give hope to lung cancer patients
The College of American Pathologists, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, and the Association for Molecular Pathology are teaming to revise the evidence-based guideline, 'Molecular Testing Guideline for Selection of Lung Cancer Patients for EGFR and ALK Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.'

Pieter Dorrestein recognized by Pharmacology Society
Pieter Dorrestein, PhD, has been selected to receive the 2015 John Jacob Abel Award in Pharmacology by the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

The good life: How to be and stay happy
A Florida State philosophy professor began looking at how both philosophers and psychologists study what makes a person happy.

Social media could impact on quality of conference presentations
A new pilot study into the impact of Twitter on conferences suggests that social media may impact on quality of presentations as speakers receive real-time feedback.

Researchers identify new gene mutations linked to colorectal cancer in African-Americans
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have identified new gene mutations unique to colon cancers in African Americans -- the population with the highest incidence and death rates of any group for this disease.

WSU scientists find brain protein aids influenza recovery
Washington State University Spokane scientists have found a brain protein that boosts the healing power of sleep and speeds an animal's recovery from the flu.

Positive factors in youth linked to better heart health later in life
Children who had stable and healthy childhoods may have better cardiovascular health in adulthood.

Overweight, obese kids achieved healthier weights after participating in Head Start
Preschoolers who entered Head Start overweight or obese had achieved a healthier weight status than children in a comparison groups by the time they entered kindergarten, according to new research from the University of Michigan.

One-size-fits-all approach can lead to over-treatment in older diabetes patients
Diabetes treatments have saved many lives, but in older patients with multiple medical conditions, aggressively controlling blood sugar with insulin and sulfonylurea drugs, could lead to over-treatment and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), according to new research by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Can racial injustice be settled out of court?
With many calling for policy reform to improve race problems in the US criminal justice system, new research suggests that the issue is less political and more behavioral.

Patients rarely learn of at-home provider quality data
Patients discharged from the hospital could access state or federal quality reports about home health agencies.

Software created to help find a cure for a 'great neglected disease'
For decades, scientists around the world have worked to develop a treatment for schistosomiasis, a debilitating water-born parasite.

The mystery of the Alpine long-eared bat
UPV/EHU researchers have studied the geographical distribution and way of life of the Alpine long-eared bat and have found that this species is of an alpine type -- the only one among bats.

TSRI scientists discover possible new target for treating brain inflammation
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has identified an enzyme that produces a class of inflammatory lipid molecules in the brain.

Moffitt researchers discover mechanism leading to drug resistance, metastasis in melanoma
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have discovered a mechanism that leads to resistance to targeted therapy in melanoma patients and are investigating strategies to counteract it.

NASA's Aqua satellite spots Tropical Cyclone Bansi intensifying quickly
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Bansi on January 12 as it was intensifying rapidly and saw a cloud-covered eye in the storm's center.

Mortality risks after carotid artery stenting in Medicare beneficiaries
Medicare beneficiaries who underwent carotid artery stenting had a 32 percent mortality rate during an average two-year follow-up, suggesting the benefits of CAS may be limited for some patients, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology.

Sound mind, strong heart: Same protein sustains both
A Roman philosopher was the first to note the relationship between a sound mind and a sound body.

A virtual reality brain training game can detect mild cognitive impairment
Greek researchers demonstrated the potential of a virtual supermarket cognitive training game as a screening tool for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among a sample of older adults.

Potentially targetable signaling pathway generates slowly proliferating, chemo-resistant cancer cells
A signaling pathway responsible for the generation of slowly proliferating cancer cells, which are hard to eradicate with current treatments and thought to be a cause of subsequent disease relapse, has been reported in a Rapid Impact study published in Molecular Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Ancient fossils reveal rise in parasitic infections due to climate change
A paleobiologist from the University of Missouri has found indications of a greater risk of parasitic infection due to climate change in ancient mollusk fossils.

Interrupting cycle of violence before young perpetrators and their victims reach adulthood
Researchers at the Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University Medical Center and the World Health Organization have conducted a review to identify effective or promising approaches for preventing intimate partner violence and sexual violence against adolescents: 10- to 19-year-olds.

Researchers find BPA and BPS affect embryonic brain development in zebrafish
In a study published Monday, Jan. 12, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers in Deborah Kurrasch's lab at the University of Calgary have provided evidence that BPA and BPS cause alterations in brain development leading to hyperactivity in zebrafish.

EMA, NCI, and EORTC agree on IBCD, a first of its kind meeting
The EORTC, the US National Cancer Institute, and the European Medicines Agency have signed an agreement to produce a first of its kind meeting to collaboratively explore current issues in cancer drug development.

New open-source program aims to help parents of children in foster care
An innovative new program developed at the University of Washington was designed specifically to help parents of children in foster care navigate the process of court-ordered visitations and become better parents.

Do viruses make us smarter?
A new study from Lund University in Sweden indicates that inherited viruses that are millions of years old play an important role in building up the complex networks that characterize the human brain.

Up in smoke or bottoms up: How policy could affect substance abuse
Half of young drivers who died in car crashes in American states such as California, Hawaii and West Virginia were under the influence of either alcohol or marijuana, or both.

Beyond prevention: Sulforaphane may find possible use for cancer therapy
New research has identified one of the key cancer-fighting mechanisms for sulforaphane, and suggests that this much-studied phytochemical found in broccoli and other foods may be able to move beyond cancer prevention and toward therapeutic use for advanced prostate cancer.

Can your smartphone help you exercise?
Fitness applications use behavior change techniques to help users modify their physical activities, but which apps and which techniques are most effective?

Robots learn to use kitchen tools by watching YouTube videos
Researchers at the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies have developed robotic systems that are able to teach themselves.

Slick and slender snake beats short and stubby lizard in sand swimming
For swimming through sand, a slick and slender snake can perform better than a short and stubby lizard.

Chemists show proof of concept for new method of accelerating drug discovery research
Chemists have made a significant advancement to directly functionalize C-H bonds in natural products by selectively installing new carbon-carbon bonds into highly complex alkaloids and nitrogen-containing drug molecules.

Disruptive children benefit from tailored classroom intervention
A new study in the journal Early Childhood Research Quarterly finds that kindergartners and first graders with high maintenance temperaments showed less disruptive behavior and more active engagement and on-task behavior in the classroom, thanks to a program that helps teachers, parents, and students recognize and adapt to individual differences.

Georgia State receives contract to provide mental health first aid training for state's youth
Georgia State University's School of Public Health has received a five-year, $800,000 contract from the Georgia Department of Education to coordinate Youth Mental Health First Aid Training and other professional development efforts designed to improve services for Georgia's youth.

Hybrid 'super mosquito' resistant to insecticide-treated bed nets
A hybrid mosquito, resulting from interbreeding of two malaria mosquitoes, now has the ability to survive the insecticides used to treat bed nets -- which have been key to preventing the spread of malaria in humans.

All instruments for NOAA's GOES-R Satellite now integrated with spacecraft
All six instruments that will fly on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geostationary Operational Satellite R have now completed integration onto the spacecraft.

Graphene plasmons go ballistic
Graphene combined with the insulting power of boron nitride enables light control in tiny circuits with dramatically reduced energy loss.

Attitudes, practices surrounding end of life care in ICUs vary among Asian physicians
A majority of physicians surveyed throughout Asia reported almost always or often withholding life-sustaining treatment in end-of-life care for patients in hospital intensive care units when there is little chance of meaningful recovery, although attitudes and practice of end-of-life care varied widely across countries and regions on the continent, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

CNIO researchers discover 1 of the genetic pieces of bladder cancer
Notch genes protect against bladder cancer, whilst in other tumors they act as oncogenes.

University of Tennessee professor uses plantations to examine race in America
Derek Alderman, head of the geography department at UT, has received $62,000 from the National Science Foundation to study how the representation of Southern slavery at tourism sites is changing. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to