Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 22, 2015
FASEB Science Research Conference: Autoimmunity
The FASEB Science Research Conference for Autoimmunity has an uninterrupted tradition of over 20 years and this year it is moving for the first time from Saxtons River, Vt., to the beautiful Eaglewood Resort, Itasca, Ill.

Sleep tight and stay bright? Better sleep in younger years may aid memory in old age
'Investing' in sound sleep in youth and middle-age may help with memory late in life, when quality of sleep lessens, says a Baylor University researcher.

New research re-creates planet formation, super-earths and giant planets in the laboratory
New laser-driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super-Earths and giant planet cores, and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth-like planets, documenting the material properties that determined planets' formation and evolution processes.

Revolutionary device found to lower blood pressure
A revolutionary device has been shown to significantly lower blood pressure among patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, compared to those treated with usual drug measures -- according to research from Queen Mary University of London and published in The Lancet.

Research: Tablet computers good medium for educational materials
It's increasingly important for educators to understand how mobile technology such as touch-screen tablets can enhance learning instead of being classroom distractions, says Dilip Chhajed, a professor of business administration at Illinois and co-author of new research from a team of University of Illinois experts in business and e-learning.

WSU researchers see effect of BPA and estradiol on sperm development
Washington State University researchers have found a direct link between the plastics component bisphenol A, or BPA, and disrupted sperm production.

Cleveland Clinic receives $1 million for prostate cancer research
The Prostate Cancer Foundation has presented Nima Sharifi, M.D., Kendrick Family Endowed Chair for Prostate Cancer Research at Cleveland Clinic's Lerner Research Institute, a Challenge Award to advance the treatment of lethal prostate cancer.

Researchers find new links between obesity and cardiovascular disease
In a new study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, a research group led by James A.

Syncona and UCL Business announce formation of Autolus, a Cancer Immunotherapy Company
Syncona LLP and UCL Business PLC, the wholly-owned technology transfer company of University College London, announce the creation of Autolus Limited, a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialisation of next-generation engineered T-cell therapies for haematological and solid tumours.

How malaria-spreading mosquitoes can tell you're home
Females of the malaria-spreading mosquito tend to obtain their blood meals within human dwellings.

Many of state's smallest babies not referred for follow-up care, Stanford study finds
The tiniest babies need special follow-up care when they go home from the hospital after birth.

Cell's recycling team helps sound alarm on pathogens
Autophagy recycles materials in the cell and is also an efficient method of eliminating viruses, bacteria, and parasites.

Head and neck cancers in young adults are more likely to be a result of inherited factors
An article published online today in the International Journal of Epidemiology pools data from 25 case-control studies and conducts separate analyses to show that head and neck cancers in young adults are more likely to be as a result of inherited factors, rather than lifestyle factors such as smoking or drinking alcohol.

Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams
With endocrine-disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania's Susquehanna and as far away as Israel's Jordan, a new research study shows that soils can filter out and break down at least some of these emerging contaminants.

Telomere extension turns back aging clock in cultured human cells, Stanford study finds
A new procedure can quickly and efficiently increase the length of human telomeres, the protective caps on the ends of chromosomes that are linked to aging and disease, according to scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Antibiotic use by travelers may add to global spread of superbugs
Taking antibiotics for diarrhea may put travelers visiting developing parts of the world at higher risk for contracting superbugs and spreading these daunting drug-resistant bacteria to their home countries, according to a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online.

Queen's University engineers develop world's longest 'flat pack' arch bridge
Civil Engineers at Queen's University Belfast in collaboration with pre-cast concrete specialists Macrete Ireland have developed the world's longest 'flat pack' arch bridge.

Study projects unprecedented loss of corals in Great Barrier Reef due to warming
The coverage of living corals on Australia's Great Barrier Reef could decline to less than 10 percent if ocean warming continues, according to a new study that explores the short- and long-term consequences of environmental changes to the reef.

Research: 'Organizational forgetting' erodes quality gains in supply chains
The depreciation of organizational knowledge can mute the effects of a company's quality performance initiatives, says research co-authored by Anupam Agrawal, a professor of business administration at Illinois.

First major analysis of Human Protein Atlas is published in Science
A research article published today in Science presents the first major analysis based on the Human Protein Atlas, including a detailed picture of the proteins that are linked to cancer, the number of proteins present in the bloodstream, and the targets for all approved drugs on the market.

Attractiveness speeds up performance
An eye-catching graphic on a mobile phone or website helps people perform tasks quicker and more easily as the job gets more demanding.

Family voices and stories speed coma recovery
'Can he hear me?' Family members are desperate to know when a loved one with a traumatic brain injury is in a coma.

Scientists set quantum speed limit
The flip side of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, the energy time uncertainty principle, establishes a speed limit for transitions between two states.

SIR 2015: Focus on interventional radiology innovation, collaboration
The Society of Interventional Radiology's Annual Scientific Meeting, the world's most comprehensive meeting dedicated to research in image-guided, minimally invasive medicine, takes place Feb.

Microcredit doesn't live up to promise of transforming lives of the poor, 6 studies show
Six studies, conducted independently in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ethiopia, India, Mexico, Mongolia, and Morocco, and released in the American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, followed over 37,000 individuals in total.

Scientists announce revolutionary culturing technique for liver and pancreas
The International Society for Stem Cell Research has awarded Dr.

Sending bat signals: Unique 'supper's ready' alert beckons hungry bats
The sound of a bag of potato chips being torn open cuts through a darkened movie theater.

Long-term use of hormonal contraceptives is associated with an increased risk of brain tumors
Taking a hormonal contraceptive for at least five years is associated with a possible increase in a young woman's risk of developing a rare tumor, glioma of the brain.

Prescription painkillers, widely used by childbearing age women, double birth defects risk
Many women are unaware that prescription opioid-based medications such as codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, or morphine, used to treat severe pain, may increase the risk for serious birth defects of the baby's brain, spine, and heart, as well as preterm birth when taken during pregnancy.

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands
The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands -- at El Hierro in 2011 -- produced spectacularly enigmatic white 'floating rocks' that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island.

Falls in blood pressure and cholesterol have saved 20,000+ lives in England
Falls in blood pressure and total cholesterol staved off more than 20,000 deaths from coronary heart disease in England between 2000 and 2007, shows a mathematical analysis published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Rosetta data reveals more surprises about comet 67P
As the Rosetta spacecraft orbits comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, an international team of scientists have discovered that the comet's atmosphere, or coma, is much less homogenous than expected and comet outgassing varies significantly over time, as reported in a paper published in the Jan.

Risk of HIV infection in studies of African women using hormonal contraceptives
Use of the injectable progestin contraceptive depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate is linked to an increased risk for HIV infection, according to an article published by Charles Morrison of FHI 360 and colleagues in this week's PLOS Medicine.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Gastrointestinal Tract XVI: GI Homeostasis
Gastrointestinal Tract XVI: GI Homeostasis: the Microbiome and the Barrier, Development and Disease is a unique conference that coalesces diverse fields under the umbrella of gastrointestinal health and disease and bridges basic science discovery with clinical impact.

Why should adolescents with psychological symptoms be asked about hallucinations?
Visual distortions and hallucinations related to an elevated risk of psychosis are linked to self-destructive thought processes among adolescents with psychological symptoms, according to a recent Finnish study.

You are what you eat -- How gut bacteria affect brain health
The hundred trillion bacteria living in an adult human --mostly in the intestines, making up the gut microbiome --have a significant impact on behavior and brain health.

NYU researchers develop new assessment tool to combat oral-systemic disease
An educational and clinical innovation transitioning the traditional head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat examination to the addition of the teeth, gums, mucosa, tongue, and palate examination for assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of oral-systemic health problems.

Exotic, gigantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls
University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold, three-atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicsist Vitaly Efimov in 1970.

Pro-marijuana 'tweets' are sky-high on Twitter
Analyzing every marijuana-related Twitter message sent during a one-month period in early 2014, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have found that the 'Twitterverse' is a pot-friendly place.

Monell Center awarded grant to evaluate role of nasal airflow obstruction in smell loss
Monell Center scientist Kai Zhao, Ph.D., is principal investigator on a $1.5M NIH grant to further develop clinical methodology that can predict the path of air flow through a person's nasal passages.

When it comes to variations in crop yield, climate has a big say
What impact will future climate change have on food supply?

As trees are cut and climates shift, can the animals of Borneo be saved?
As the third-largest island in the world and the largest island in Asia, Borneo stands out as a hotspot for biodiversity, and there is no question that Borneo's many rare species are in trouble.

Noisy data facilitates Dartmouth investigation of breast cancer gene expression
Dartmouth researchers reported in Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing on the use of denoising autoencoders to effectively extract key biological principles from gene expression data and summarize them into constructed features with convenient properties.

New machine-perfusion organ preservation system keeps livers healthier for transplant
A new preservation system that pumps cooled, oxygen-rich fluid into donor livers not only keeps the organs in excellent condition for as long as nine hours before transplantation, but also leads to dramatically better liver function and increases survival of recipients, according to animal studies conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine.

These jellyfish aren't just drifters
Jellyfish might look like mere drifters, but some of them have a remarkable ability to detect the direction of ocean currents and to swim strongly against them, according to new evidence in free-ranging barrel-jellyfish reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Jan.

Australian doctors devise checklist to spot elderly patients most at risk of death
Australian doctors have come up with a checklist designed to spot elderly hospital patients likely to die within the next three months, it is reported in BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.

83 percent of teenagers fall victim to some kind of violence during their lives
Childhood is one of the stages of life with the greatest risk of suffering violence, despite the greater social awareness and more specialized training of professionals.

Stardust on ocean floor shows gold and uranium alchemy in stars is much less frequent than expected
Half the heavy elements in nature are created during stellar explosions such as supernovae or star collisions.

Study yields surprising insights into the effects of wood fuel burning
The harvesting of wood to meet the heating and cooking demands for billions of people worldwide has less of an impact on global forest loss and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions than previously believed, according to a new Yale-led study.

Black hole on a diet creates a 'changing look' quasar
Yale University astronomers have identified the first 'changing look' quasar, a gleaming object in deep space that appears to have its own dimmer switch.

New strategies to identify and help women victims of intimate partner violence
Screening for and counseling women exposed to intimate partner violence is part of the free preventive services covered within the US Affordable Care Act, but changes in the healthcare delivery system are needed to achieve this across diverse clinical settings and to improve health outcomes.

Parents' belief that a child will attend college plays big role in early academic success
A new study shows that the factors influencing children's readiness for kindergarten include not only whether they attend preschool, but also their families' behaviors, attitudes and values -- and that parents' expectations go a long way toward predicting children's success throughout their schooling.

Enzymes believed to promote cancer actually suppress tumors
Upending decades-old dogma, a team of scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say enzymes long categorized as promoting cancer are, in fact, tumor suppressors and that current clinical efforts to develop inhibitor-based drugs should instead focus on restoring the enzymes' activities.

FASEB Science Research Conference: 'Glucose Transport: Gateway for Metabolic Systems Biology'
This is one of the longest-running FASEB Science Research Conferences in the history of the FASEB series, originally launched in the early 1990s in recognition of the cloning and characterization of a subset of the major glucose transporter isoforms.

Profitable phishing schemes slyly tinker with our heads, then rip us off
Information-rich lures are successful because they are able to provoke in the victim a feeling of social presence, which is the sense that they are corresponding with a real person, according to a University at Buffalo expert who has a new study out.

Blame it on your brain: Salt and hypertension
An international research team led by scientists at McGill University has found that excessive salt intake 'reprograms' the brain, interfering with a natural safety mechanism that normally prevents the body's arterial blood pressure from rising.

Promising drug candidate protects against radiation exposure from nuclear fallout
A study published by Cell Press on Jan. 22 in Chemistry & Biology identifies a drug candidate called DBIBB that increases the survival of mice suffering from radiation syndrome, even when treatment started three days after radiation exposure.

Small drop in sea level had big impact on southern Great Barrier Reef
Research led by the University of Sydney's School of Geosciences has found that small drop in sea level 2000 years ago on the southern Greater Barrier Reef led to a dramatic slowdown in the coral reef's growth.

Using viruses to find the cellular Achilles heel
Back-to-back studies from researchers at the Gladstone Institutes have exposed new battle tactics employed by two deadly viruses: hepatitis C and the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.

Oxford University Press publishes first issue of EHJCVP
Oxford University Press is delighted to announce the publication of the first issue of European Heart Journal -- Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, which it is publishing on behalf of the European Society for Cardiology and the Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy.

Rediscovering a culture of health
Diabetes is a prevalent and growing health concern among many of Alberta's First Nations communities.

Scientists 'bend' elastic waves with new metamaterials that could have commercial applications
Sound waves passing through the air, objects that break a body of water and cause ripples, or shockwaves from earthquakes all are considered 'elastic' waves.

DOE to announce plans for geothermal R&D at Stanford Geothermal Workshop
Jay Nathwani, acting director of the US Deptartment of Energy's Geothermal Technologies Office, will discuss the DOE's plans to accelerate the development of geothermal energy at the 40th annual Stanford Geothermal Workshop on Jan 26.

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane
A Harvard-led research team estimates that each year about 15 billion cubic feet of natural gas, worth some $90 million, escapes the Boston region's delivery system.

Immune system promotes digestive health by fostering community of 'good' bacteria
1.4 million Americans suffer from uncomfortable abdominal cramping and diarrhea that come with inflammatory bowel disease.

Dislocating a hip after total hip replacement can be a traumatic experience
In their current review article published in Deutsches Ă„rzteblatt International, Jens Dargel et al. point out that the prevention of dislocation after total hip replacement plays an important role and describe the risks that need to be addressed.

Estrogen-producing neurons influence aggression in both sexes
A miniscule cluster of estrogen-producing nerve cells in the mouse brain exerts highly specific effects on aggressive behavior in both males and females, according to new research by UC San Francisco scientists.

Patient older age not an issue in revision cochlear implantation
Older age of a patient does not appear to be an issue when revision cochlear implantation is warranted because of device failure, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Genome-wide search reveals new genes involved in long-term memory
Princeton University researchers have identified genes involved in long-term memory in the worm as part of research aimed at finding ways to retain cognitive abilities during aging.

FASEB Science Research Conference: From Unfolded Proteins in the ER to Disease
From Unfolded Proteins in the ER to Disease 2015 is a unique scientific conference, which focuses on the endoplasmic reticulum and its functions.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Mobile DNA in Mammalian Genomes
The FASEB Science Research Conference on Mobile DNA In Mammalian Genomes is focused on the remarkably dynamic nature of mammalian genomes and the phenotypic impact thereof.

Doctor-patient contact: Lower satisfaction levels among Russian-speaking migrants
There are currently 3 million immigrants from the former Soviet Union living in Germany.

Doubt cast on global firestorm generated by dino-killing asteroid
Pioneering new research has debunked the theory that the asteroid that is thought to have led to the extinction of dinosaurs also caused vast global firestorms that ravaged planet Earth.

What to do in a flu epidemic? Stay at home and watch TV
Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) include actions individuals can take to reduce disease spread, such as hand washing and minimizing contacts with sick people.

Low-income boys fare worse in wealth's shadow
Low-income boys fare worse, not better, when they grow up alongside more affluent neighbors, according to new research from Duke University.

Contrary to popular belief, dental care for baby teeth is vital
Dental researchers hope to vastly improve oral health in children by countering a common myth that dental care for baby teeth isn't important because they just fall out anyway.

Penn study uncovers secrets of a clump-dissolving protein
Workhorse molecules called heat-shock proteins contribute to refolding proteins that were once misfolded and clumped, causing such disorders as Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Niko's romp through society
After making its social debut in the Southern Pacific Ocean, NASA's Aqua satellite spotted Tropical Cyclone Niko moving through the Society Islands.

Going with the flow
Millions of Americans live in flood-prone areas. In 2012 alone, the cost of direct flood damage hit nearly half a billion dollars.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Hematologic Malignancies
This FASEB Science Research Conference has a long pedigree as one of the premier meetings for fundamental and translational research in the hematologic malignancies including acute and chronic leukemia, the myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloma and lymphoma.

American liberals and conservatives think as if from different cultures
A new study has found that American conservatives think more like Asians, and liberals are the extreme Westerners in thought styles.

Viruses may play unexpected role in inflammatory bowel diseases
Inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with a decrease in the diversity of bacteria in the gut, but a new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Early human ancestors used their hands like modern humans
New research suggests pre-Homo human ancestral species, such as Australopithecus africanus, used human-like hand postures much earlier than was previously thought.

BIDMC receives Commonwealth Fund grant to develop OurNotes
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has received a $450,000 grant from The Commonwealth Fund to develop OurNotes, an initiative to promote active patient engagement in health and illness that invites patients to contribute to their own electronic medical records.

Computer scientists from Saarbruecken improve the privacy of the Internet currency Bitcoin
It is traded on special stock exchanges and is accepted not only by various online shops, but also by thousands of brick-and-mortar stores across the globe: the virtual currency Bitcoin.

Syracuse geologists receive federal grant to study tectonic uplift
Earth scientists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences have received a major grant to test a new technique for measuring tectonic uplift.

High blood calcium linked with increased risk of premature death in dialysis patients
Both low and high blood calcium levels, as well as high phosphorus levels, were linked with an increased risk of dying prematurely in dialysis patients, regardless of the type of dialysis.

Rare neurological disease shines light on health of essential nerve cells
Pelizaeus Merzbacher disease, or PMD, is a devastating neurological condition that, in its most severe form, kills infants weeks after birth.

Using less fish to test chemicals safety
The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals' effect on flora and fauna in water and chemicals' uptake and concentration in living organisms.

Transoral fundoplication is an effective treatment for patients with GERD
Transoral fundoplication is an effective treatment for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, especially for patients with persistent regurgitation despite proton pump inhibitor therapy, according to a new study published in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Research suggests anti-inflammatory protein may trigger plaque in Alzheimer's disease
Inflammation has long been studied in Alzheimer's, but in a counter-intuitive finding reported in a new paper, University of Florida researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which anti-inflammatory processes may trigger the disease.

NCCS conducts world's first-in-human clinical trial of a novel vaccine targeting top cancers
The National Cancer Centre Singapore has launched a clinical trial of a new cancer vaccine administered to human patients for the first time in the world.

Mammalian heart regenerative capacity depends on severity of injury
Researchers have shown that neonatal mouse hearts have varying regenerative capacities depending upon the severity of injury.

Rosetta data give closest-ever look at a comet
On Nov. 12, 2014, the Rosetta mission's Philae lander touched down on the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Histone Deacetylases and Sirtuins in Biology, Disease and Aging
The FASEB Science Research Conference titled 'Histone Deacetylases and Sirtuns in Biology, Disease and Aging' will be held in Aug.

Angel or devil? For cancer, not all neutrophils are created equal
New research from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem shows that neutrophils, the most common form of white blood cells, contain many different subtypes.

Is cheating on the field worse than cheating on a spouse? Some fans think so
Why did fans and sponsors such as Nike drop Lance Armstrong but stay loyal to Tiger Woods?

Why going platinum blonde can damage your hair... and how to fix it (video)
If you're looking for a new do, you might be considering bleaching your flowing locks.

Trust your gut: E. coli may hold one of the keys to treating Parkinson's
E. coli usually brings to mind food poisoning and beach closures, but researchers recently discovered a protein in E. coli that inhibits the accumulation of potentially toxic amyloids -- a hallmark of diseases such as Parkinson's.

California's policies can significantly cut greenhouse gas emissions through 2030
A new model of the impact of California's existing and proposed policies on its greenhouse gas reduction goals suggests that the state is on track to meet 2020 goals, and could achieve greater emission reductions by 2030, but the state will need to do more to reach its 2050 climate goals.

Study shows Brazil's Soy Moratorium still needed to preserve Amazon
In a new study to evaluate the Brazilian Soy Moratorium published today in Science, the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Holly Gibbs and colleagues across the US and Brazil show that the moratorium helped to drastically reduce the amount of deforestation linked to soy production in the region and was much better at curbing it than governmental policy alone.

Celiac disease rate among young children has almost tripled in past 20 years
The number of young children diagnosed with celiac disease in the UK has almost tripled over the past 20 years, but kids from poorer families are only half as likely to be diagnosed with the condition, reveals research published online in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Regulation and Function of Small GTPases
Small GTP-binding proteins regulate diverse cellular processes including proliferation, migration, development, gene expression, and vesicular trafficking.

Snack attack: Bears munch on ants and help plants grow
Tiny ants may seem like an odd food source for black bears, but the protein-packed bugs are a major part of some bears' diets and a crucial part of the food web that not only affects other bugs, but plants too.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Helicases and Nucleic-Acid Based Machines: From Mechanism to Insight into Disease
The FASEB Science Research Conference entitled Helicases and Nucleic-Acid Based Machines: From Mechanism to Insight into Disease will provide a forum for the rapidly growing field of helicase-related research, a phenomenon fueled by the recognition that these proteins are essential to all aspects of nucleic acid metabolism, including gene expression, RNA processing, chromatin remodeling, DNA replication, repair, and recombination.

Alamo impact crater: New study could double its size
Carbonate rock deposits found within the mountain ranges of south-central Nevada, USA, record evidence of a catastrophic impact event known as the Alamo impact.

Scripps Hematology and Oncology Conference set for Feb. 14-17
Hundreds of physicians and researchers from leading cancer institutions will gather in San Diego Feb.

New animal models faithfully reproduce the tumor of each patient
A team from the Catalan Institute of Oncology and Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute has developed a new animal models that reproduce faithfully the evolution and malignancy of different human tumors.

Key factor discovered in the formation of metastases in melanoma
Melanoma, the most aggressive of all skin cancer strains, is often fatal for patients due to the pronounced formation of metastases.

Incidence of colorectal cancer increasing in young adults
The incidence of colorectal cancer among young adults ages 20-39 years has increased during the past 20-30 years, despite declining rates of CRC for the US population overall.

Climate affects the development of human speech
Researchers from the University of Miami, the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics discover a correlation between climate and the evolution of language

FASEB Science Research Conference: Genetic Recombination and Genome Rearrangements
The 2015 FASEB Science Research Conference on Genetic Recombination and Genome Rearrangements is an important scientific conference that presents progress in research on diverse aspects of genetic recombination, a critical process that maintains integrity of the genome and that ensures the faithful transmission of the genome between generations.

Reducing Myc gene activity extends healthy lifespan in mice
Mice with one rather than the normal two copies of the gene Myc (also found in humans) lived 15 percent longer and had considerably healthier lives than normal mice, according to a new Brown University-led study in Cell.

Major study links gene to drug resistance in testicular cancer
A major research study has uncovered several new genetic mutations that could drive testicular cancer -- and also identified a gene which may contribute to tumors becoming resistant to current treatments.

New forensic entomology observations expand knowledge of decomposition ecology
A new study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology shows that insects that have not been previously associated with human corpses actually interact with dead human bodies, which may provide clues for forensic entomologists in the future.

NSF projects offer research experience for undergraduates at UT Dallas
Professors in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science lead research projects for undergraduate students sponsored by the National Science Foundation.

Is glass a true solid?
Research by a team of scientists from the University of Bristol, UK, and Kyoto University, Japan, suggests that glass should be a true solid.

A first peek beneath the surface of a comet
In some of the first research findings to be published from the European Space Agency's Rosetta Mission to the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, scientists including astronomer Peter Schloerb of the University of Massachusetts Amherst report early measurements of the comet's subsurface temperature and production of gas from the surface of its nucleus.

Study finds infants can learn to communicate from videos
Children under two years old can learn certain communication skills from a video, such as how to use signs in sign language, and perform similarly in tests when compared to babies taught by their parents, according to a new paper in the journal Child Development.

Pictured together for the first time: A chemokine and its receptor
Researchers at University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Bridge Institute at the University of Southern California report the first crystal structure of the cellular receptor CXCR4 bound to an immune signaling protein called a chemokine.

How charter school foes are failing
As charter schools continue to expand, new research indicates liberal opponents are failing to make effective arguments aimed at curbing the education reform movement.
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