Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 30, 2015
Research uncovers connection between Craigslist personals, HIV trends
Craigslist's entry into a market results in a 15.9 percent increase in reported HIV cases, according to research from the University of Minnesota published in the December issue of MIS Quarterly.

Stress shared by same-sex couples can have unique health impacts
New research by Allen LeBlanc, Health Equity Institute Professor of Sociology at San Francisco State University, studies how minority stress -- which results from being stigmatized and disadvantaged in society -- affects same-sex couples' stress levels and overall health.

Scientists use knowledge from the food industry to understand mass extinction
The close of the Permian Period around 250 million years ago saw Earth's biggest extinction ever.

Recreating Dick Tracy's wrist radio with the expected arrival of Apple Watch
With the much anticipated arrival of the Apple Watch in April, this article looks into the haptic and telexistence technologies behind the latest iDevice's bells and whistles.

Evidence mounts for quantum criticality theory
A new study from Rice University, Zhejiang University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Florida State University and the Max Planck Institute adds to the growing evidence supporting a theory that strange electronic behaviors -- including high-temperature superconductivity and heavy fermion physics -- arise from quantum fluctuations of strongly correlated electrons.

Sequencing genetic duplications could aid clinical interpretation
To aid in the interpretation of CNVs, researchers have completed detailed maps of 184 duplications found in the genomes of individuals referred for genetic testing.

Moffitt study find loss of certain protein is associated with poor prognosis in breast, lung cancer
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have found that breast and lung cancer patients who have low levels of a protein called tristetraprolin have more aggressive tumors and a poorer prognosis than those with high levels of the protein.

LSU Health New Orleans makes discovery key to preventing blindness and stroke devastation
Research conducted at the LSU Health New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence has discovered gene interactions that determine whether cells live or die in such conditions as age-related macular degeneration and ischemic stroke.

New software analyzes human genomes faster than other available technologies
Investigators have developed an analysis 'pipeline' that slashes the time it takes to search a person's genome for disease-causing variations from weeks to hours.

Arsenic stubbornly taints many US wells, say new reports
Naturally occurring arsenic in private wells threatens people in many US states and parts of Canada, according to a package of a dozen scientific papers to be published next week.

Parallelizing common algorithms
Researchers revamp a common 'data structure' so that it will work with multicore chips.

Population genomics unveil seahorse domain
In a finding vital to effective species management, a team including City College of New York biologists has determined that the lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) is more a permanent resident of the western mid-Atlantic Ocean than a vagrant.

Blue mussels not yet the bellwether of NE coastal environment
Mussels could be the perfect 'sentinel' species to signal the health of coastal ecosystems.

Making smart materials even smarter -- earns an engineer a prestigious Air Force award
Virginia Tech's Pablo Tarazaga, an expert in the field of smart materials, has received a prestigious 2015 Air Force Young Investigator Award, valued at $449,600 over a three-year period.

PNNL recognized for moving biofuel, chemical analysis innovations to market
Developing renewable fuel from wet algae and enabling analysis of complex liquids are two of the latest innovations Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has successfully driven to the market with the help of commercial partners.

UTSW study links deficiency of cellular housekeeping gene with aggressive forms of breast cancer
UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have identified a strong link between the most aggressive type of breast cancer and a gene that regulates the body's natural cellular recycling process, called autophagy.

Master switch found to stop tumor cell growth by inducing dormancy
Commonly used anticancer drugs may help to make tumor cells dormant.

Renewable energy policies drive production of southern wood pellets for bioenergy
A recently released study led by US Forest Service scientists and published by the Forest Service's Southern Research Station finds that policies in the European Union and elsewhere requiring the use of renewable and low greenhouse gas-emitting energy are driving demand for wood pellets used to generate bioenergy.

New molecular target identified for treating cerebral malaria
A drug already approved for treating other diseases may be useful as a treatment for cerebral malaria, according to researchers at Harvard T.

Tweeting about sexism may improve a woman's wellbeing
Publicly tweeting about sexism could improve a woman's wellbeing as it has the potential to let them express themselves in ways that feel like they can make a difference.

EARTH Magazine: Asbestos found in Nevada and Arizona
The discoveries, in Clark County in southern Nevada and across the border in northwestern Arizona, suggest that asbestos may be more widespread than previously thought; they also raise questions about the potential health hazards of naturally occurring asbestos.

UT Arlington awarded DOE grant to develop sensors for real-time evaluation of boilers
A University of Texas at Arlington engineering professor is developing a distributed wireless antenna sensor system to monitor conditions of coal-fired boilers that will lead to making the units safer, more efficient and eventually producing better designed units.

Weissman and Massagué win Charles Rodolphe Brupbacher Prize for Cancer Research
Researchers Irving L. Weissman and Joan Massagué have won this year's Charles Rodolphe Brupbacher Prize for Cancer Research: Weissman, from Stanford University, for his work on healthy and sick stem cells; Massagué, from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, for his research on metastatic spread.

Hot on the trail of the hepatitis-liver cancer connection
Using whole genomic sequencing, scientists from RIKEN in Japan have for the first time demonstrated the profound effect that chronic hepatitis infection and inflammation can have on the genetic mutations found in tumors of the liver, potentially paving the way to a better understanding of the mechanisms through which these chronic infections can lead to cancer.

Pinholes are pitfalls for high performance solar cells
OIST researchers find tiny pinholes are wreaking havoc with next-generation solar cells.

Compact wool measurement tool may find home on the range
A team of Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists at San Angelo is evaluating the new FibreLux and comparing its results with that of the OFDA2000, which has been used for several years and has the confidence of the industry for accuracy in measuring greasy or raw wool for average fiber diameter.

Fluorescent dyes 'light up' brain cancer cells, reports Neurosurgery
Two new fluorescent dyes attracted to cancer cells may help neurosurgeons more accurately localize and completely resect brain tumors, suggests a study in the February issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Carnegie Mellon, Pitt ethicists question impact of hospital advertising
Alex John London and Yael Schenker question the impact of health information that is available online, specifically hospital advertisements.

DNA clock helps to get measure of people's lifespans
Scientists led by the University of Edinburgh have identified a biological clock that provides vital clues about how long a person is likely to live.

DNA nanoswitches reveal how life's molecules connect
'Bio-molecular interaction analysis, a cornerstone of biomedical research, is traditionally accomplished using equipment that can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars,' said Wyss Associate Faculty member Wesley P.

Unique EarlyBird study set for historic third phase
A unique study which has followed 300 young people from age five since 2000, has received backing for a third phase which will see it become the first study of its kind in the world to track the same group from childhood to adulthood.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation grants fellowship, Breakthrough Scientist awards
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, a non-profit organization focused on supporting innovative early career researchers, named 15 new Damon Runyon Fellows at its fall Fellowship Award Committee review.

Researchers develop new instrument to monitor atmospheric mercury
Researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science developed and tested a new sensor to detect ambient levels of mercury in the atmosphere.

Scientists home in on reasons behind cancer drug trial disappointment
Scientists have discovered a 'hidden' mechanism which could explain why some cancer therapies which aim to block tumor blood vessel growth are failing cancer trials.

Meteorite may represent 'bulk background' of Mars' battered crust
NWA 7034, a meteorite found a few years ago in the Moroccan desert, is like no other rock ever found on Earth.

New method allows for greater variation in band gap tunability
By manipulating the ordered arrangement of atoms in layered complex oxide materials, Northwestern University's James Rondinelli has found a way to control their electronic band gaps, which determines the electrical behavior of the material and how it interacts with light.

Scientists trial system to improve safety at sea
New satellite imaging concept proposed by University of Leicester-led team could significantly reduce search areas for missing boats and planes.

Ancient deformation of the lithosphere revealed in Eastern China
Seismic investigations from the Qinling-Dabie-Sulu orogenic belt in eastern China suggest that this region was affected by extreme mantle perturbation and crust-mantle interaction during the Mesozoic era.

Latent HIV may lurk in 'quiet' immune cells, research suggests
HIV can lie dormant in infected cells for years, even decades.

NASA gathers wind, rain, cloud data on major Tropical Cyclone Eunice
NASA's RapidScat, GPM and Terra satellite have been actively providing wind, rain and cloud data to forecasters about Tropical Cyclone Eunice.

Mobile and interactive media use by young children: The good, the bad and the unknown
Mobile devices are everywhere and children are using them more frequently at young ages.

Stress balls, DVDs and conversation ease pain and anxiety during surgery
Being conscious during an operation can make patients feel anxious and is often painful.

VG Life Sciences secures patent covering treatment of IDB with CLIP-inducing agent
VG Life Sciences, a biotechnology company developing therapies for autoimmune and infectious diseases, today announced the US Patent and Trademark Office has issued US Patent No.

'Vast majority' of neurosurgeons practice defensive medicine
More than three-fourths US neurosurgeons practice some form of defensive medicine -- performing additional tests and procedures out of fear of malpractice lawsuits, reports a special article in the February issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to