Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 02, 2015
Getting yeast to pump up the protein production
Northwestern University researchers have genetically modified yeast to prevent it from metabolizing protein, leading to higher yields of an industrially useful product.

Research points to genes that may help us form memories
Gene expression within neurons is critical for the formation of memories, but it's difficult to identify genes whose expression is altered by learning.

Mining the moon becomes a serious prospect
With an estimated 1.6 billion tons of water ice at its poles and an abundance of rare-earth elements hidden below its surface, the moon is rich ground for mining.

Winding borders may enhance graphene
Theoretical physicists at Rice University show precise control of grain boundaries in graphene may give it predictable mechanical and semiconducting properties.

NTU unveils Singapore's first 3-D printed concept car
Nanyang Technological University students have built Singapore's first urban solar electric car with an innovative 3-D printed body shell that has 150 parts.

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia reduces suicidal thoughts in veterans
A new study is the first to show that the treatment of insomnia in veterans is associated with a significant reduction in suicidal ideation.

Epigenetic signatures that differentiate triple-negative breast cancers
Australian researchers have identified epigenetic 'signatures' that could help clinicians tell the difference between highly aggressive and more benign forms of triple-negative breast cancer.

Activated immune cells indicate a favorable prognosis in colorectal cancer
When cytotoxic T cells are activated, they produce TNF alpha that helps mediate immune responses.

Dartmouth researchers discover new mechanism of acquired resistance to breast cancer drugs
In the search for new approaches to treat ERBB2 -- also known as HER2 -- positive breast cancers that have become drug-resistant, Dartmouth investigator Manabu Kurokawa, Ph.D., led a team in discovery of a novel cancer resistance mechanism.

Tree species influence boreal forest fire behavior and subsequent effects on climate
For a better understanding of how forest fires behave and interact with climate, scientists are turning to the trees.

Expert panel recommends new sleep durations
The National Sleep Foundation, along with a multi-disciplinary expert panel, issued its new recommendations for appropriate sleep durations.

Whose numbers determine cost-effectiveness of targeted anti-cancer therapies?
'Increasingly physicians are being presented with health economic analyses in mainstream medical journals as a means of potentially influencing their prescribing.

Smartphones change teenagers' digital media use patterns
Teenagers who own smartphones spend more time online -- also during the night, which may affect their sleep.

Mesozoic mammals -- what do we know from China?
The most exciting findings covering Mesozoic mammals over the last two decades have come from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of China.

Keep your enemies close? Greater proximity to opponents leads to more polarization
Encouraging adversaries to have more interpersonal contact to find common ground may work on occasion, but not necessarily in the US Senate, according to new research.

You can be a coward or a fighter -- just pick one and stick with it, says study
When the chips are down, having a strong personality may be the difference between thriving and failing, according to new research which studied how aphids reacted when faced with predatory ladybirds.

Kidney function considerations are critical when assessing drugs in clinical trials
Kidney function can affect the potency and metabolism of drugs that are eliminated by the kidneys or other pathways, but little information is available on how to interpret the effects of kidney function on the benefits and risks of drugs in development.

In the Balkans, resilience is rooted in knowledge of wild plants
Traditional communities living in isolated, rural areas with little money or infrastructure tend to have one thing in common: Resilience rooted in intricate knowledge of their natural environment, especially plants.

New mechanism of inheritance could advance study of evolution, disease treatment
UMD geneticist Antony Jose and two of his graduate students are the first to figure out a specific mechanism by which a parent can pass silenced genes to its offspring.

New method shrinks metastatic ovarian cancer and reduces chemotherapy dose
New research published in the February 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal may eventually help improve the five-year survival rate of ovarian cancer patients by describing a new way of shrinking ovarian cancer tumors while also simultaneously improving drug delivery.

Turning up heat on plants could help grow crops of the future
Crops that can thrive in warming climates are a step closer, thanks to new insights into how temperature and light affect plant development.

Agricultural fires in Indochina
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite collected this natural-color image which detected dozens of fires burning in Indochina on Feb.

Bushfire in Southwestern Australia
On Feb. 1, 2015, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite acquired this image of a large bushfire burning near the town of Northcliffe in Western Australia.

IU Media School professor's new book examines implications of an aging workforce
An Indiana University Media School professor's new book brings readers face-to-face with the unavoidable truth that the population is going to have to work longer as life expectancy improves, and companies and policymakers will play key roles in making this workforce transition possible and successful.

Still doubts on gravitational waves
In March last year the BICEP2 team claimed to have observed, for the first time, the effects of gravitational waves in cosmic background radiation.

Study finds deep ocean is source of dissolved iron in Central Pacific
A new study led by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution points to the deep ocean as a major source of dissolved iron in the central Pacific Ocean.

New reset button discovered for circadian clock
A team of Vanderbilt University biologists have found a way to use a laser and an optical fiber to reset an animal's master biological clock: A discovery that could in principle be used therapeutically to treat conditions like seasonal affect disorder, reduce the adverse health effects of night shift work and possibly even cure jet lag.

Shrinking range of pikas in California mountains linked to climate change
The American pika, a small animal with a big personality that has long delighted hikers and backpackers, is disappearing from low-elevation sites in California mountains, and the cause appears to be climate change, according to a new study.

Engineers devise genetic 'on' switch made exclusively of RNA
Scientists have created a new 'on' switch to control gene expression -- a breakthrough that could revolutionize genetic engineering.

NSF grant awarded to Wake Forest University to fund summer research program
A National Science Foundation grant will support summer research program for undergraduates interested in number theory research.

Light jogging may be most optimal for longevity
Jogging may be best in small quantities according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

RNA: The unknotted strand of life
It had never been verified before: unlike other biopolymers, RNA, the long strand that is 'cousin' to DNA, tends not to form knots.

Global warming slowdown: No systematic errors in climate models
The rate of global warming in the 21st century has been significantly slower than all the models had predicted.

Sexual behavior among female students has gradually become more risky
A 339-participant study indicates that sexual behavior among female university students in Sweden has gradually changed during the last 25 years, with behavior now appearing more risky than before.

ASN to hold Scientific Sessions & Annual Meeting March 28-April 1
The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) will hold its 79th Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting at Experimental Biologyfrom March 28-April 1 in Boston, Mass.

Which breast cancer patients need lymph nodes removed? Ultrasound narrows it down, study finds
Which breast cancer patients need to have underarm lymph nodes removed?

Study shows top 10 challenges facing global pharmaceutical supply chains
Global pharmaceutical supply chains are fragmented and lack coordination, facing at least 10 key challenges, according to researchers at New York University Wagner and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Zaragoza.

One good turn: Birds swap energy-sapping lead role
Migrating birds 'share the pain' of the arduous task of leading a v-formation, so that they can then take turns saving energy by following in another bird's wake, a new study shows.

Public participation should be at the heart of big data projects
Public participation should be at the heart of big data projects in health care and biomedical research, according to the findings of a new report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics.

Interconnected IT for business models in rural areas
More and more people are moving from rural areas to cities, leaving behind crumbling infrastructures that make daily life difficult for those who stay.

Sharp, sustained increases in suicides closely shadowed austerity events in Greece
Sharp and significant increases in suicides followed select financial crisis events and austerity announcements in Greece, from the start of the country's 2008 recession to steep spending cuts in 2012, Penn Medicine researchers report in a new study published online this week in the British Medical Journal Open, along with colleagues from Greece and the United Kingdom.

Identification of much-needed drug target against MRSA, gram-positive infections
Scientists at the University of Utah and the University of Georgia have uncovered a pharmacological target that could enable development of novel drugs against antibiotic-resistant pathogens, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin-resistant enterococci and other infectious Gram-positive organisms such as Listeria and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Three amazing women scientists you've never heard of (video)
One saved the US space program, another invented a better treatment for leprosy, and a third spawned an industry in the American Midwest.

A simple method to monitor β cell death in individuals at-risk for type 1 diabetes
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that a DNA biomarker can be used to evaluate the extent of β cell death and type 1 diabetes risk.

New in the Hastings Center Report
For two years, a debate has raged over the study known as the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial (SUPPORT), which sought to gauge the risks and benefits of different blood oxygen levels currently targeted in the care of premature infants.

Ebola vaccine trial opens in Liberia
A large clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of two experimental vaccines to prevent Ebola virus infection is now open to volunteers in Liberia.

IU biologists partner bacterium with nitrogen gas to produce more, cleaner bioethanol
Indiana University biologists believe they have found a faster, cheaper and cleaner way to increase bioethanol production by using nitrogen gas, the most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere, in place of more costly industrial fertilizers.

Study finds variation of the interval between first and second pregnancy
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral concurrent session at 8 a.m.

Clarity needed in studies on gender and access to cardiac rehabilitation
Sex-based inequalities in life expectancy and quality due to heart disease are repeatedly described, but how gender and social structure play roles in this phenomenon are unclear.

Agenda available for CTO Summit 2015
The CTO Summit 2015 is a two-day course featuring the latest research and state-of-the-art technologies for chronic total occlusions.

Drought and flood prediction gets boost from new Texas network and NASA satellite
A new network of underground sensors in the Texas Hill Country will arm those responsible for managing the state's finite water supply with vital information for determining the chances of drought and dangerous floods.

Non-invasive first trimester blood test reliably detects Down's syndrome
Cell-free fetal DNA testing, which measures the relative amount of free fetal DNA in a pregnant woman's blood, is a new screening test that indicates the risk of Down syndrome (trisomy 21),

Barriers to end-of-life care discussions identified
Issues include the normalization of conversations about death and dying and clinicians need to be highly skilled and sensitive communicators.

Study supplies insight into behavior of African monsoon
A new study published in Nature Geoscience suggests that the African monsoon's response to climate forcing is more complicated than previously understood.

Graphene displays clear prospects for flexible electronics
Semi-transparent, flexible electronics are no longer just science-fiction thanks to graphene's unique properties, University of Manchester researchers have found.

Researchers introduce a macrosystems approach to study stream ecology
Scientists have developed the Stream Biome Gradient Concept, a new method for studying a variety of streams across continents.

Five-day meeting on the naming of plants, fungi and algae recorded for posterity
The XVII International Botanical Congress held in Vienna, Austria in 2005 included a five-day meeting of around 200 of the world's experts on the rules for the naming of plants, fungi and algae.

Range of options, prices brings in the crowdfunding bucks, says Rotman research
It doesn't work in the traditional marketplace, but in the world of crowdfunding, giving consumers options and the choice to pay more for essentially the same product makes sense, new research confirms.

Peptide shows promise in penetrating heart attack scar tissue to regenerate cardiac nerves
Case Western Reserve's chemical compound aimed at restoring spinal cord function may have an additional purpose: stopping potentially fatal arrhythmias after heart attack.

AAO-HNSF clinical practice guideline: Allergic rhinitis
The American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation addresses quality improvement opportunities in the diagnosis and management of allergic rhinitis in a new multi-disciplinary, evidence-based clinical practice guideline, published today in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Reducing hospital readmission rates will require community-focused efforts
Recent research indicates that most of the variation in hospital readmission rates in the United States is related to geography and other factors over which hospitals have little or no control

Dance of the nanovortices
It is a familiar phenomenon: if a spinning top is set in rotation on an inclined surface, it scribes a series of small arches.

UI researchers link smoke from fires to tornado intensity
University of Iowa researchers have found that smoke from fires can intensify tornadoes.

Renowned standardization & quality expert explains essentials of these disciplines
The book 'Standards & Quality' deals with: The principles of voluntary standardization, its benefits and relation to mandatory technical regulation, national & international standards organizations, conformity to standards, certification and accreditation, role of standards in trade facilitation and the World Trade Organization, quality and quality management systems (including ISO 9000 and Six-Sigma approaches), brief description of environmental management systems and an overview of other management systems and the role of metrology and the quality infrastructure.

Possible cause of IVF failure in some women identified
New research from the University of Manchester has demonstrated a previously unexplored biological process, which can lead to the failure of embryos to attach to the uterine wall during in vitro fertilization.

Protein threshold linked to Parkinson's disease
Excess quantities of a specific protein in the brain dramatically increase the chances of so-called 'nucleation events' that could eventually result in Parkinson's disease, according to a new study.

New technique captures real-time diagnostic 3-D images
Researchers from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and other institutions are developing a technique which makes it possible to obtain diagnostic, three-dimensional images in real time.

Pregnancy outcomes similar for women with kidney transplants as child, adult
Pregnancy outcomes appear to be similar for women who undergo kidney transplants as children or adults, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

UMass Medical School, WPI developing smartphone app to address stress eating
Researchers at UMass Medical School and Worcester Polytechnic Institute are developing a stress-eating smartphone app that will help users better understand why they overeat, with the support of a $2 million award from the National Institutes of Health.

Bowhunting may have fostered social cohesion during the Neolithic
Bowhunting during the Neolithic period may have been one of the pillars of unity as a group of primitive human societies.

Augmented labor during childbirth is not associated with increased odds of autism
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral pleanary session at 8 a.m.

Safe production in Industry 4.0
Production facilities and components of Industry 4.0 are linked to the Internet, networked with each other, and thus open to attack.

Worms lead way to test nanoparticle toxicity
Rice University scientists use roundworm populations in low-cost, high-throughput toxicity tests for a range of nanoparticles.

Study looks at the impact of fetal gender on the risk of preterm birth
Researchers will report on the impact of fetal gender on the risk of preterm birth and neonatal outcome.

Cumulative daily screen time linked to teen sleep problems
It's time to update recommendations on healthy use of electronic devices, say researchers.

New study postulates the role of dietary advanced glycation end products in the risk of Alzheimer's
Our new paper published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease provides evidence that cooking foods at high temperatures increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease.

1.3 million euros to develop computational microscope
The Lundbeck Foundation has granted 1,344,321 euros to foster the development of a computational microscope for biomedical applications.

Scientists view effect of whisker tickling on mouse brains
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University have succeeded in peering into the brains of live mice with such precision that they were able to see how the position of specific proteins changed as memories were forged.

Sequential screening provides better test performance than cell free DNA
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral plenary session at 8 a.m.

Zebrafish flex their muscles for research aboard the International Space Station
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's (JAXA) Zebrafish Muscle investigation observes the effects of microgravity on the zebrafish, Danio rerio, a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the minnow family.

More evidence that musical training protects the brain
Scientists have found some of the strongest evidence yet that musical training in younger years can prevent the decay in speech listening skills in later life.

Clean technology can partially make up for weak CO2 pricing
Clean technology support can to some extent make up for weak CO2 pricing and hence help keep the two degrees target within reach, a new study shows.

Too many heart failure patients are treated with IV fluids, study finds
Many patients hospitalized with severe heart failure are receiving potentially harmful treatment with intravenous fluids, a Yale-led study has found.

Scientists developed protein, skin care and biopesticide products from fish filleting residue and rapeseed press cakes
Food industry co-streams which could be upgraded to more valuable products than the original ones ending up as animal feed.

Commonly used antibiotics with diuretic can double risk of sudden death in older patients
The combination of the commonly prescribed antibiotic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole with the diuretic spironolactone, widely used for heart failure, more than doubles the risk of death for older patients, reports a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Area-wide management a must for Asian citrus psyllid
A new article in the Journal of Economic Entomology reports that the Asian citrus psyllid can travel at least two kilometers in a twelve-day period, and that they are able to traverse potential geographic barriers such as roads and fallow fields.

Physician guidelines for Googling patients need revisions
With the Internet and social media becoming woven into the modern medical practice, Penn State College of Medicine researchers contend that professional medical societies must update or amend their Internet guidelines to address when it is ethical to 'Google' a patient.

A simple intervention can make your brain more receptive to health advice
A new discovery shows how a simple intervention -- self-affirmation -- can open our brains to accept advice that is hard to hear.

New TSRI study shows how immune cells hone their skills to fight disease
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute helps explain how booster shots prompt immune 'memory' to improve, an important step toward the development of more effective, longer-lasting vaccines.

In mice & men: Laser treatment reverses effects of early age-related macular degeneration
A new technique reported in the February 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal suggests that during early stages, it might be possible to reverse age-related macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness that is currently irreversible.

Complex incentives drive macular degeneration prescription decisions, Stanford study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine suspected that doctors treating Medicare patients would have a financial incentive to prescribe a more costly drug.

Addressing feral cats' diet may help protect native species
Because reducing the impacts of feral cats -- domestic cats that have returned to the wild -- is a priority for conservation efforts across the globe, a research team recently reviewed the animals' diet across Australia and its territorial islands to help consider how they might best be managed.

Many universities undercount sexual assaults on campus, research finds
New research shows a pattern of underreporting of on-campus sexual assaults by universities and colleges across the nation, and some schools have continued to underreport even after being fined for violations of federal law, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.

New pathway for stalling BRCA tumor growth revealed
Inhibiting the action of a particular enzyme dramatically slows the growth of tumor cells tied to BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic mutations which, in turn, are closely tied to breast and ovarian cancers, according to researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Sleep problems may impact bone health
The daily rhythm of bone turnover is likely important for normal bone health, and recent research suggests that sleep apnea may be an unrecognized cause of some cases of osteoporosis.

Laying a foundation for treating ALS, spinal cord injury
Su-Chun Zhang, a professor of neuroscience and neurology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Waisman Center, and his research team have published a unique model for learning more about the role of human astrocytes in the Journal of Clinical Investigation today.

First sensor for 'crowd control' in cells
University of Groningen scientists have developed a molecular sensor to measure 'crowding' in cells, which reflects the concentration of macromolecules present.

Mini synthetic organism instead of test animals
In medical research, animal-based experiments have thus far been a necessary evil.

New research finds baby's genes, not mom's, may trigger some preterm births
Some babies seem to have a genetic predisposition to a higher risk of being born too soon.

Risk for autism increases for abandoned children placed in institutions
A recent study published in the February 2015 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry demonstrates that children who were abandoned to institutional care have an increased risk for behaviors similar to those seen in children with autism, including impaired social communication.

Team led by UCLA and Columbia engineers uses disorder to control light on a nanoscale
A breakthrough by a team of researchers from UCLA, Columbia University and other institutions could lead to the more precise transfer of information in computer chips, as well as new types of optical materials for light emission and lasers.

Moffitt researchers discover biological markers associated with high-risk pancreatic lesions
Pancreatic cancer affects approximately 46,000 people each year in the United States and ranks fourth among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths.

Friend, foe or queen? Study highlights the complexities of ant perception
Researchers report that trap-jaw ants recognize the unique odor of a fertile queen only if the queen also shares the workers' own chemical cologne -- a distinctive blend of dozens of smelly, waxy compounds that coat the ants' bodies from head to tarsus.

Review of nonmedicinal interventions for delirium in older patients
Interventions to prevent delirium that do not involve prescription drugs and have multiple components appeared to be effective at reducing delirium and preventing falls in hospitalized older patients, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

To speed up magma, add water
A three-dimensional seismic image of the mantle beneath the Lau Basin in the South Pacific published in Nature has an intriguing anomaly.

Researchers determine how the brain controls robotic grasping tools
Grasping an object involves a complex network of brain functions.

Toward the next biofuel: Secrets of Fistulifera solaris
Biofuels are an attractive alternative to fossil fuels, but a key challenge in efforts to develop carbon-neutral, large-scale methods to produce biofuels is finding the right organism for the job.

Wrinkle predictions
A new mathematical theory may explain patterns in fingerprints, raisins, and microlenses.

Actions and beliefs behind climate change stance
Strategies for building support for climate change mitigation policies should go beyond attempts to improve the public's understanding of science according to new research.

NSU researcher discovers certain ARB drugs are better than others to treat heart failure
Millions of people take angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) to help treat heart failure.

To save your energy while strolling, walk this sway
The first people to walk across the original Millennium Bridge may have been unnerved when it began to sway, but the bridge was actually doing them a favor: the swaying enabled them to walk the distance with 5 percent less effort, a new study shows.

New '2-in-1' test simplifies retina evaluations
New research published in the February 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal details a test developed using mice that can help measure two important aspects of retinal health--the function of retinal blood vessels and light-detecting cells.

How spaceflight ages the immune system prematurely
As the world waits to see if Mars One can establish a human colony on Mars, scientists are working to determine the long-term consequences of living in low or no-gravity conditions, such as those that might exist on the trip to another planet.

NYU's microscopic monitoring may yield advances in production of products, pharmaceuticals
A team of NYU physicists has developed a method to monitor the properties of microscopic particles as they grow within a chemical reaction vessel, creating new opportunities to improve the quality and consistency of a wide range of industrial and consumer products.

Spiny lobster abundance study at Glover's Reef, Belize finds fishery in good shape
A recent study conducted in the waters of Glover's Reef Marine Reserve in Belize by the Wildlife Conservation Society and its partners has revealed good news for spiny lobsters: the abundance of these commercially valuable crustaceans should support local fisheries into the future, an indication that no-take areas and other regulations are protecting the nation's marine resources.

Oceans' increasing mercury levels may be harming fish
Mercury contamination of ocean fish is a serious global health issue, and a new analysis of published reports reveals that the concentration of mercury in yellowfin tuna caught near Hawai'i is increasing at a rate of 3.8 percent per year.

Scientists open new chapter in cell biology and medicine
An entirely new approach for the mechanical characterization of cells, developed by scientists of the Technische Universität Dresden, has the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases.

State-of-the-science help for hay fever sufferers
Sublingual immunotherapy is the newest state-of-the-science treatment for allergic rhinitis, recommended in a clinical guideline published Feb.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Feb. 3, 2015
This release includes summaries of articles being featured in the next issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, including 'Oral supplements help to heal bed sores in malnourished patients', 'Survey suggests shortcomings in end-of-life care' and 'ACIP Releases its Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule for 2015'.

Obesity follows growth of big box retailers and restaurants, Georgia State economist finds
Big-box retailers Costco, Sam's Club, BJ's Wholesale and Walmart, along with full-service and fast-food restaurants, are key contributors to the nation's obesity epidemic, according to research by a health economist in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University.

Penn professor shows how 'spontaneous' social norms emerge
A new study led by the University of Pennsylvania's Damon Centola provides a scientific explanation for how social conventions -- everything from acceptable baby names to standards of professional conduct -- can emerge suddenly, seemingly out of nowhere, with no external forces driving their creation.

Surgical innovations brought to you by the British Journal of Surgery
Special issue of the British Journal of Surgery highlights surgical innovations.

Metformin may lower lung cancer risk in diabetic nonsmokers
Among nonsmokers who had diabetes, those who took the diabetes drug metformin had a decrease in lung cancer risk.

Skin based immunity secrets revealed
A team of international scientists has discovered a new mechanism by which immune cells in the skin function as the body's 'border control', revealing how these cells sense whether lipid or fat-like molecules might indicate the presence of foreign invaders.

Confidence in government linked to willingness to vaccinate
A new study suggests that confidence in government may play a key role in the public's willingness to get at least some vaccines.

Scalable electric drive for buses, trucks etc.
Although electric cars meet current trends, driving axles are still too heavy, too expensive and too large for them.

Finding valuable materials in metallurgical dumps
Since metallic raw materials are scarce in Germany, it is reliant on imports.

Gill Heart Institute cardiologist launches journal dedicated to VADs
Mechanical assisted circulation is the most rapidly developing area of cardiology, but until now, there was no journal dedicated to papers in this area.

Language study offers new twist on mind-body connection
Research from Northeastern professor of psychology Iris Berent and her colleagues finds that spoken language and motor systems are intricately linked -- though not in the way that has been widely believed.

Physical activity as medicine among Family Health Teams: Study
To better understand the current use of physical activity as medicine among Family Health Teams in Ontario, researchers at the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Waterloo and the Centre for Family Medicine Family Health Team conducted an environmental scan of 102 FHTs.

Proteomics: How big data opens new vistas in personalized medicine
'Innovations, Information, and Imaging' is the theme of the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS 2015), which takes place in San Jose Feb.

Break on through to the other side: How HIV penetrates the blood-brain barrier
A new research report appearing in the Februarty 2015 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology solves this mystery by showing that HIV relies on proteins expressed by a type of immune cell, called 'mature monocytes,' to enter the brain.

NASA catches speedy Tropical Cyclone Eunice transitioning
Tropical Cyclone Eunice has been spinning around in the Southern Indian Ocean for the last week and by Feb.

Preventive strategies protect against delirium
Delirium can increase a person's risk of falls, lead to prolonged hospital stays and may contribute to over $164 billion in healthcare costs.

Rivers might constitute just 20 percent of continental water flowing into oceans
The Amazon, Nile and Mississippi are mighty rivers, but they and all their worldwide brethren might be a relative trickle compared with an unseen torrent below the surface.

Babies can follow complex social situations
Infants can make sense of complex social situations, taking into account who knows what about whom, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Decreases in short-term memory, IQ, altered brain metabolic ratios in urban APOE4 children
A new study by researchers at the Universities of Montana, Carleton, and North Carolina, and the Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, heightens concerns over the detrimental impact of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele -- the most prevalent genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease -- upon cognition, olfaction, and metabolic brain indices in healthy urban children and teens.

NASA satellite sees wind shear affecting Tropical Cyclone Ola
NASA's Terra satellite captured a picture of Tropical Cyclone Ola on Feb.

Discovery of a gene responsible for familial scoliosis
The discovery of the first gene causing familial scoliosis was announced by an international France-Canada research team today.

Sharp and sustained rise in suicides in Greece linked to austerity measures
Give greater weight to mental health fall-out of future policies, urge researchers.

BU study finds occupational link in kidney disease epidemic in Central America
Sugarcane workers in northwestern Nicaragua experienced a decline in kidney function during the harvest, with field workers at greatest risk, suggesting that heat stress or other occupational factors may be playing a role in the high rates of chronic kidney disease in the region, a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health researchers shows.

Scientists discover organism that hasn't evolved in more than 2 billion years
An international team of scientists has discovered the greatest absence of evolution ever reported -- a type of deep-sea microorganism that appears not to have evolved over more than 2 billion years.
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