Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 05, 2015
Illinois trailing other states in girls studying science, math
Study found that fewer girls in Illinois prepare for careers in STEM fields than in high schools nationwide.

New understanding of electron behavior at tips of carbon nanocones could help provide candidates
One of the ways of improving electrons manipulation is though better control over one of their inner characteristics, called spin.

Cooperation, considered
Harvard researchers have developed a first-of-its-kind model, dubbed the 'envelope game,' that can help researchers understand not only not only why people evolved to be cooperative but why people evolved to cooperate in a principled way.

Fine-tuned supramolecular polymerization
In work published in Science, researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science, led by Takuzo Aida, have demonstrated a new method for artificially building and dismantling supramolecular polymers in a tightly controlled and selective way, following the methods of traditional polymer chemistry by taking advantage of the monomer elements' own tendency to self-organize.

After merger, chimpanzees learned new grunt for 'apple'
Chimpanzees have special grunts for particular types of foods, and their fellow chimps know exactly what those calls mean.

Bedding and pillows improve positioning in stroke patients
Heidrun Pickenbrock et al., in a topical original article in Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, compare two positioning methods for immobile patients.

Drug-resistant bacteria lurk in subway stations, high school students discover
Forget commuters and rats, New York City's subway system is crowded with microbes.

Social freezing: The pros and cons of oocyte storage
Social freezing sparked a heated debate about the creation of such a fertility resource for non-medical reasons.

USC neurogeneticists harness immune cells to clear Alzheimer's-associated plaques
New research from scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California shows that the body's immune system may be able to clear the brain of toxic plaque build-up that is the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, reversing memory loss and brain cell damage.

Why do new strains of HIV spread slowly?
Most HIV epidemics are still dominated by the first strain that entered a particular population.

University of Toronto researcher wins clinical nutrition award
Marialena Mouzaki, M.D., M.Sc., an assistant professor at University of Toronto and a staff gastroenterologist at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, has been named the Best International Abstract Awardee by the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.).

Patients with detectable PSA post-prostatectomy should receive more aggressive radiation therapy
Prostate cancer patients with detectable prostate specific antigen following radical prostatectomy should receive earlier, more aggressive radiation therapy treatment, according to a study published in the Feb.

Cesium atoms shaken, not stirred, to create elusive excitation in superfluid
In 1941, future Nobel laureate Lev Landau predicted that superfluid helium-4 should contain an exotic, particle-like excitation called a roton.

A closer look at the flawed studies behind policies used to promote 'low-carbon' biofuels
Nearly all of the studies used to promote biofuels as climate-friendly alternatives to petroleum fuels are flawed and need to be redone, according to a University of Michigan researcher who reviewed more than 100 papers published over more than two decades.

MARC travel awards announced for: IHCM Short Course 2015
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Immunohistochemistry and Microscopy Short Course from March 14-19, 2015, in Woods Hole, Mass.

Study reveals how oxygen is like kryptonite to titanium
UC Berkeley scientists have found the mechanism by which titanium, prized for its high strength-to-weight ratio and natural resistance to corrosion, becomes brittle with just a few extra atoms of oxygen.

Carnivorous mushroom reveals human immune trick
A carnivorous oyster mushroom defends itself against pest roundworms and can eat them too.

Scientists discover a key pathway that protects cells against death by stress
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have uncovered the workings of cell-protection device, one that may play a major role in a number of age-related diseases, including diabetes and Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and Huntington's diseases.

NIH researchers describe spontaneous cure of rare immune disease
A genetic phenomenon called chromothripsis, or 'chromosome shattering,' may have spontaneously cured the first person to be documented with WHIM syndrome, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Large study of hypertension patients highlights key moments at which to intervene
In a new study published this week in the British Medical Journal, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital examined the outcomes of 88,000 adults with hypertension to pinpoint the precise high-blood-pressure level and critical time points at which intervening was tied to a decrease in the risk of death.

US scientists find 15-million-year-old mollusk protein
A team of US scientists have found 'beautifully preserved' 15-million-year-old thin protein sheets in fossil shells from southern Maryland.

Overweight children may be at higher risk of esophageal cancer as adults
Overweight children may be at higher risk of esophageal (gullet) cancer when they grow up than their slimmer friends, according to research published this week in the British Journal of Cancer.

Highlights for American Chemical Society 249th National Meeting & Exposition March 22-26, Denver
Journalists registering for the American Chemical Society's (ACS') 249th National Meeting & Exposition this spring will have a wealth of new scientific information available for their news stories.

Another breastfeeding benefit: Preparing baby's belly for solid food
University of North Carolina researchers found that a baby's diet during the first few months of life has a profound influence on the composition, diversity, and stability of the gut microbiome.

Innovative restoration techniques used to rebuild West Coast abalone populations
Overfishing and disease contributed to the decline of seven abalone species.

Study: More expensive emergency care does yield better results
Unique research method reveals significant return on additional health care spending.

Researchers find link between microbiome, type 1 diabetes
In the largest longitudinal study of the microbiome to date, researchers have identified a connection between changes in gut microbiota and the onset of type 1 diabetes.

UVA discovers trigger for protective immune response to spinal cord injuries
Hot on the heels of discovering a protective form of immune response to spinal cord injury, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have pinpointed the biological trigger for that response -- a vital step toward being able to harness the body's defenses to improve treatment for spine injuries, brain trauma, Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions.

Bariatric surgery can benefit some obese children and teens, reports Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Bariatric surgery -- as a last resort when conservative interventions have failed -- can improve liver disease and other obesity-related health problems in severely obese children and adolescents, according to a position paper in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.

Cosmology: Late news from the Big Bang
Viatcheslav Mukhanov, cosmologist at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich, models the first instants after the creation of our universe.

Inducing or augmenting labor not associated with increase in autism
A research collaboration between Intermountain Healthcare, the University of Utah's Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, and the University of Utah's Psychiatry Department found that induced or augmented labor does not result in an increased risk of children developing autism spectrum disorder.

Massively parallel sequencing technology for single-cell gene expression published
A new next-generation single-cell approach published in Science by scientists from Cellular Research, Inc. offers a massively parallel way to study gene expression.

A nanoscale solution to the big problem of overheating in microelectronic devices
Currently, microelectronic device manufacturers must rely on simulations alone to understand the temperatures inside individual devices.

New study sheds light on cancer stem cell regulation
Researchers identify signaling molecules in intestinal stem cells that can lead to tumors if left unregulated.

Parenting and depression study: Fathers are at risk, too
A national study of parents found that parents with multiple parenting roles -- such as those in blended families -- are at higher risk of depression.

New stats reveal almost half of the UK are unaware of link between diet and cancer development
Surprising new statistics reveal that 41 percent of the British population are oblivious to the role that diet plays in the development of cancer -- and even those with a family history of the disease are failing to consume potentially 'cancer-preventing' compounds in their daily diet.

Not Candy Crush -- scientists identify nature of candy sculpture
A team of scientists has identified the complex process by which materials are shaped and ultimately dissolved by surrounding water currents.

Direct measurement of key molecule will increase accuracy of combustion models
Sandia National Laboratories researchers are the first to directly measure hydroperoxyalkyl radicals -- a class of reactive molecules denoted as 'QOOH' -- that are key in the chain of reactions that controls the early stages of combustion.

Settling for 'Mr. Right Now' better than waiting for 'Mr. Right'
Evolutionary researchers have determined that settling for 'Mr. Okay' is a better evolutionary strategy than waiting for 'Mr.

In a crisis, the bigger your social network, the better
Researchers examined social networks in the late pre-Hispanic Southwest and found that communities that were more connected with their neighbors had a better chance of being able to successfully manage a crisis than did communities with fewer outside connections.

Cell Press previews new journal for systems biologists
The first genomic study of New York City's microbiome, online today, kicks off a series of preview papers to be published by Cell Systems, a new monthly journal for systems biologists, in advance of its official launch in July 2015.

Increasing individualism in US linked with rise of white-collar jobs
Rising individualism in the United States over the last 150 years is mainly associated with a societal shift toward more white-collar occupations, according to new research published in Psychological Science.

New study finds that parenthood is one of the risk factors for increased depressive symptoms
An article to be released on Feb, 5, 2015, by Social Work titled, 'Gender Differences in Depression across Parental Roles' by Kevin Shafer and Garrett T.

Neanderthals disappeared from the Iberian Peninsula before than from the rest of Europe
Until a few months ago different scientific articles, including those published in Nature, dated the disappearance of the Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) from Europe at around 40,000 years ago.

Cell signaling pathway goes awry in common pediatric brain tumor
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers links a well-known cell communication pathway called Notch to one of the most common -- but overall still rare -- brain tumors found in children.

Salicylates, a class of NSAIDs, stop vestibular schwannomas growth
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Harvard Medical School/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Program in Speech and Hearing Bioscience and Technology have demonstrated that salicylates, a class of non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reduced the proliferation and viability of cultured vestibular schwannoma cells that cause a sometimes lethal intracranial tumor that typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus.

Human insights inspire solutions for household robots
People typically consider doing the laundry to be a boring chore.

Dartmouth study highlights brain cells' role in navigating environment
A new Dartmouth College study sheds light on the brain cells that function in establishing one's location and direction.

Dirt mounds made by termites in Africa, South America, Asia could prevent spread of deserts
Termites might not top the list of humanity's favorite insects, but new research suggests that their large dirt mounds are crucial to stopping deserts from spreading into semi-arid ecosystems.

Scientists find potential way of controlling leaf blotch disease in wheat
Scientists have found a genetic mechanism that could stop the spread of a 'devastating' disease threatening wheat crops.

How tuna stay warm with cold hearts
Scientists at The University of Manchester, working with colleagues at Stanford University in America, have discovered how prized bluefin tuna keep their hearts pumping during temperature changes that would stop a human heart.

University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing researcher wins A.S.P.E.N. award
Michele Nicolo, M.S., R.D., CDE, CNSC, Advanced Clinical Dietitian Specialist at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has been named a Research Trainee Award recipient by the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.).

Tiny termites can hold back deserts by creating oases of plant life
Princeton University research suggests that termite mounds can help prevent the spread of deserts into semi-arid ecosystems and agricultural lands.

Lower-income students in China found to have better vision than middle-class peers
A new study from China shows that nearsightedness, also called myopia, is twice as prevalent in middle-class students than poor students.

Novel method projects growth potential of new firms
Detailed study by MIT economists shows which tech businesses tend to thrive.

New trial uses breast MRI and genomics for treatment decision-making in DCIS
Women with DCIS receive same treatments as those with early-stage invasive cancer.

High efficiency concentrating solar cells move to the rooftop
Ultra-high efficiency solar cells similar to those used in space may now be possible on your rooftop thanks to a new microscale solar concentration technology developed by an international team of researchers.

Another reason to drink wine: It could help you burn fat
Drinking red grape juice or wine -- in moderation -- could improve the health of overweight people by helping them burn fat better, a new study indicates.

Chances of saving with solar energy greater for Indiana farms than homes
The probability of saving money by using solar energy rather than standard grid electricity is 92 percent for Indiana farm businesses and about 50 percent for homes, Purdue University energy economists find.

CNIO scientists link aggressiveness of chronic lymphocytic leukemia to genetic variability
The two subtypes of this kind of leukemia, mutated and non-mutated, show different levels of aggressiveness and are closely related to the genetic variability amongst individuals.

March of the moons
These new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope images capture a rare occurrence as three of Jupiter's largest moons parading across the giant gas planet's banded face.

When scientists play with LEGO: A new creative version of pinned insect manipulator
Who said scientists are not creative? Biologists from the Natural History Museum London have proved such statements wrong with the invention of a creative, functional and most importantly quite cheap pinned insect manipulator made entirely of LEGO bricks to help them face the challenges of mass digitization of museum specimens.

Yale team identifies link between inflammation and type 2 diabetes
A Yale-led research team has identified the molecular mechanism by which insulin normally inhibits production of glucose by the liver and why this process stops working in patients with type 2 diabetes, leading to hyperglycemia.

UNC-Chapel Hill spinout secures $33 million investment to advance novel cancer treatments
An RTP-based pharmaceutical company with roots at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received $33 million in Series B venture capital funding to develop more effective and less toxic methods to treat patients with cancer.

Seafloor volcano pulses may alter climate
A new study shows that undersea volcanoes flare up on strikingly regular cycles, ranging from two weeks to 100,000 years -- and, that they erupt almost exclusively during the first six months of each year.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees pollution from fires in Southwestern Australia
On Feb. 5, 2015, several bushfires were raging near the city of Northcliff, located in southern Western Australia, triggering smoke alerts and generating aerosols that were detected by NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite.

New center to increase physical therapy research
With a new five-year, $2.5-million grant from the Foundation for Physical Therapy, Brown University will lead a multi-institution center to train physical therapy health services researchers and to seed new studies.

Norwegian lemmings dress loudly and scream even louder to survive
The conspicuous, bold colors of the Norwegian lemming's fur and its loud barks serve as warnings to predators that it is not a creature to be messed with.

IUD, implant contraception effective beyond FDA-approved use
New research indicates that hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants remain highly effective one year beyond their approved duration of use, according to a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Signaling pathway helps protect healthy tissue from overly active immune responses
Researchers have shown that the messenger protein IL-6, which is rapidly produced at high levels during an acute inflammatory form of kidney disease, potently dampens activation of tissue-destructive immune cells called macrophages.

Chimpanzees learn 'food calls'
Chimpanzees living in captivity are capable of learning calls that refer to specific food items.

Stars are younger
The latest data release from the ESA satellite Planck consortium -- just published in Astronomy and Astrophysics - reveals a surprise: star formation in the Universe may be more recent than previously indicated by the analysis of Planck's predecessor, the NASA WMAP satellite.

Gene therapy pioneers Richard C. Mulligan and A. Dusty Miller reflect on their groundbreaking discovery
Recognized for their pioneering work in the development of gene transfer technology using retroviral vectors to deliver therapeutic genes into cells, Richard C.

Improving genome editing with drugs
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes and Stanford University have discovered a way to enhance the efficiency of CRISPR genome editing with the introduction of a few key chemical compounds.

Society began shifting towards individualism more than a century ago
Baby Boomers have been referred to as the Me Generation, but new research indicates that people actually started to become increasingly self-centred more than 100 years ago.

Sodium carbonate capsules used to capture carbon safely
The team developed a new type of carbon capture media composed of core-shell microcapsules, which consist of a highly permeable polymer shell and a fluid (made up of sodium carbonate solution) that reacts with and absorbs carbon dioxide.

MRI technique developed for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children
Between 5 and 8 million children in the United States have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), yet most cases go undiagnosed.

NIEHS funds 6 early-career researchers for innovative science
New grants totaling $3 million will go to six outstanding early-career scientists, bridging a funding gap to independent biomedical research.

Youth hockey brain imaging study suggests early marker for concussion damage
As a pediatric neuropsychiatrist and director of the Vermont Center for Children, Youth and Families, Dr.

Learning with all the senses
Movement and images facilitate vocabulary learning.

25 percent of homeless people surveyed in Toronto report vision problems
Twenty-five percent of homeless people surveyed in Toronto had vision problems up to and including blindness, four times higher than the rate of the overall population in North America, a new study by St.

Genetics lab unravels mystery killing at sea
NOAA Fisheries scientists happened onto a killer whale attack too late to tell what species had been the target.

Ebola: New studies model a deadly epidemic
Researchers from Arizona State University and Georgia State University are trying to better understand the epidemiology and control of Ebola Virus Disease in order to alleviate suffering and prevent future disease outbreaks from reaching the catastrophic proportions of the current crisis.

Magnum opus: 'The Government of Things: Foundations and Perspectives of New Materialism'
Frankfurt Professor of Sociology, Thomas Lemke, has received funding from the Volkswagen Foundation for his 'Magnum Opus.' For the 51-year old scientist, who has dedicated himself to the subject of 'Biotechnology, Nature and Society' for many years, this means 18 months of freedom to devote himself solely to a larger scientific work.

Forever young: Meditation might slow the age-related loss of gray matter in the brain
Building on their earlier work that suggested people who meditate have less age-related atrophy in the brain's white matter, a new study by UCLA researchers found that meditation appeared to help preserve the brain's gray matter, the tissue that contains neurons.

Chromosomal shattering cures genetic disease, brain's ode to Turing, and other stories
A catastrophic chromosomal event cures a patient of her rare immunodeficiency disease; a new theory on what drives self-control; a surprising link between weaning and beta cell division; and evidence that our brain's approach to reaching decisions is similar to Alan Turing's approach to code breaking.

Circadian clock-Angelman syndrome link established
Vanderbilt biologists have found a direct link between the biological clock and Angelman syndrome, a neurogenetic disorder that occurs in more than one in every 15,000 live births.

Depth and rate of chest compressions during CPR impact survival in cardiac arrest
The depth of chest compressions and the rate at which they were applied make a significant impact on survival and recovery of patients, a review of research by UT Southwestern Medical Center Emergency Medicine physicians shows.

George Washington University Medical Center researcher wins A.S.P.E.N. award
Ivy Haskins, M.D., of George Washington University Medical Center has been named a Research Trainee Award recipient by the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.).

Malaria-in-a-dish paves the way for better treatments
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have engineered a way to use human liver cells, derived from induced pluripotent stem cells, to screen potential antimalarial drugs and vaccines for their ability to treat the liver stage of malaria infection.

Octopus robot makes waves with ultra-fast propulsion
Scientists have developed an octopus-like robot, which can zoom through water with ultra-fast propulsion and acceleration never before seen in man-made underwater vehicles.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Women with type 1 diabetes at significantly higher risk of dying compared with men
Women with type 1 diabetes face a 40 percent increased excess risk of death from all causes, and have more than twice the risk of dying from heart disease, compared to men with type 1 diabetes, a large meta-analysis involving more than 200 000 people with type 1 diabetes published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology has found.

Taking immunosuppressives, anti-cancer drugs may reactivate hepatitis B
Individuals previously infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) who receive chemotherapy or immunosuppressive treatment may be at risk of reactivating the disease according to a summary of report from the Emerging Trends Conference, 'Reactivation of Hepatitis B,' and published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

The power of light-matter coupling
Light and matter can be so strongly linked that their characteristics become indistinguishable.

Medical marijuana for children with developmental and behavioral disorders?
As medical marijuana becomes increasingly accepted, there is growing interest in its use for children and adolescents with developmental and behavioral problems such as autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, according to a review in the February Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

Researchers produce first map of New York City subway system microbes
The microbes that call the New York City subway system home are mostly harmless, but include samples of disease-causing bacteria that are resistant to drugs -- and even DNA fragments associated with anthrax and Bubonic plague -- according to a citywide microbiome map published today by Weill Cornell Medical College investigators.

Researchers find gene that confirms existence of psoriatic arthritis
Researchers led by the Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics at The University of Manchester have identified genetic variants that are associated with psoriatic arthritis but not with psoriasis, in the largest study of PsA ever published.

Analysis: High-cost blood cancer drugs deliver high value
Amid the growing debate about the high price of powerful new drugs in the United States, a recent analysis suggests that breakthrough therapies for blood cancers may, in many cases and with some important caveats, provide reasonable value for money spent.

Text messages a new tool in the fight to prevent skin cancer
Australians' love affair with mobile phones could save their life according to a joint QUT, Cancer Council Queensland and University of Queensland study using text messages to improve skin cancer prevention and promote sun protection.

Turing also present at the nanoscale
In the world of single atoms and molecules governed by chaotic fluctuations, is the spontaneous formation of Turing patterns possible -- the same ones that are responsible for the irregular yet periodic shapes of the stripes on zebras' bodies?

Human stem cells repair damage caused by radiation therapy for brain cancer in rats
For patients with brain cancer, radiation is a potentially life-saving treatment, but it can also cause considerable and even permanent injury to the brain.

Lyme disease costs up to $1.3 billion per year to treat, study finds
Lyme disease, transmitted by a bite from a tick infected by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, had long been considered easy to treat, usually requiring a single doctor's visit and a few weeks of antibiotics for most people.

Carnivorous mushroom reveals human immune trick: How we punch our way into cancer cells
Edible oyster mushrooms have an intriguing secret: They eat spiders and roundworms.

Precision growth of light-emitting nanowires
A novel approach to growing nanowires promises a new means of control over their light-emitting and electronic properties.

University of Alberta researcher wins A.S.P.E.N. award
David Lim, M.D., C.M., of the University of Alberta has been named a Research Trainee Award recipient by the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.).

Simple test detects increased risks in patients with acute kidney injury
A simple test performed with the FDA-approved medication furosemide, along with a measurement of urine output, can predict which patients with acute kidney injury will later require dialysis.

Evolution continues despite low mortality and fertility rates in the modern world
Charles Darwin's theory on evolution still holds true despite lower mortality and fertility rates in the modern world, according to new research by the University of Sheffield.

New approach to colorectal surgical care results in quicker recovery times and lower costs
A new multidisciplinary approach to managing patients undergoing a colorectal operation results in shorter hospital stays, fewer complications, and lower medical costs, according to research results published online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Announcing the winners of the 2015 Protein Society Awards
The Protein Society announces the winners of the 2015 Stein and Moore, Carl Brändén, Hans Neurath, Protein Science Young Investigator, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Emil T.

Conservation looks good too
Researchers know that adding natural buffers to the farm landscape can stop soil from vanishing.

Preventing greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere
A novel class of materials that enable a safer, cheaper, and more energy-efficient process for removing greenhouse gas from power plant emissions has been developed by a multi-institution team of researchers.

Reports from Columbia's Superfund program show many US wells tainted with arsenic
Arsenic is the biggest public-health problem for water in the United States -- yet we pay far less attention to it than we do to lesser problems.

LA BioMed researcher honored for outstanding research
Dr. Christina Wang receives the Mayo H. Soley Award, at the 2015 Western Regional Meetings of five top research societies in the West.

Acute psychological stress reduces ability to withstand physical pain
A new study from Tel Aviv University finds that acute psychosocial stress has a dramatically deleterious effect on the body's ability to modulate pain.

Hubble captures rare triple-moon conjunction
Firing off a string of action snapshots like a sports photographer at a NASCAR race, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured the rare occurrence of three of Jupiter's largest moons racing across the banded face of the gas-giant planet: Europa, Callisto, and Io.

Health care groups identify potential measures to address ongoing drug shortages
As shortages of lifesaving medicines, including antibiotics, chemotherapy, and cardiovascular drugs continue to plague the United States, a group of health care organizations released a report exploring measures that should be considered to address this ongoing issue.

Do cops need college?
A new study suggests college-educated cops are dissatisfied with the job, have negative views of their supervisors and don't necessarily favor community policing.

An 'ambulance' for the brain
Chemists at IRB Barcelona patent and present a shuttle capable of transporting molecules into the brain; this achievement could facilitate the treatment of diseases with no therapy available.

15-million-year-old mollusk protein found
A team of Carnegie scientists have found 'beautifully preserved' 15-million-year-old thin protein sheets in fossil shells from southern Maryland.

Two major studies strengthen case for prostate cancer drug before chemotherapy
Pioneering prostate cancer drug abiraterone significantly extends the lives of men with advanced prostate cancer if given before chemotherapy, the results of a major phase III clinical trial have shown.

New source of cells for modeling malaria
MIT researchers have discovered a way to grow liver-like cells from induced pluripotent stem cells. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to