Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 06, 2015
UT Dallas scientists target smartphone technology to improve hearing devices
A team of UT Dallas scientists has received a $522,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health for a project aimed at harnessing the power of smartphones to improve hearing assistive devices.

Reining in the yeast tree of life
Members of the Institute of Food Research's National Collection of Yeast Cultures have joined forces with computer scientists at the University of East Anglia to validate novel approaches to constructing a tree of life.

Methane seepage from the Arctic seabed occurring for millions of years
Natural seepage of methane offshore the Arctic archipelago Svalbard has been occurring periodically for at least 2.7 million years.

Mosquitoes ramp up immune defenses after sucking blood, Penn vet researcher finds
According to a new study by University of Pennsylvania and Imperial College London researchers, mosquitoes ramp up their immune defenses after consuming blood meals, helping to fight off parasites that blood might contain.

Reactivation of HBV can be prevented, treated during immunosuppressive drug therapy
Long-term immunosuppressive therapy can cause the hepatitis B virus to become active, even in patients who are not aware that they are infected with the virus.

We're all going to die; DNA strands on the end of our chromosomes hint when
BYU professor Jonathan Alder is currently studying the gene mutations that cause people to have unnaturally short telomeres.

Researchers reveal how hearing evolved
Lungfish and salamanders can hear, despite not having an outer ear or tympanic middle ear.

The battle for iron
The search for therapies against anemia of chronic disease could take on new directions thanks to a study published today in Blood.

Unseen volcanoes may play role in Earth's long-term climate
The intensity of volcanic activity at deeply submerged mid-ocean ridges waxes and wanes on a roughly 100,000-year cycle, according to a new study that might help explain poorly understood variations in Earth's climate that occur on approximately the same timetable.

Scandals not bad for business in the long term, study finds
Scandals involving bosses of major firms have no long-term negative impact on share prices and can even lead to better performance, University of Sussex research has found.

How to forecast extreme snowfall in Spain
As of Wednesday the entire Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands are in the midst of the first significant cold snap for three winters.

New tools to breed cereal crops that survive flooding
Scientists at The University of Nottingham have identified the mechanism used by plants in stress conditions to sense low oxygen levels and used advanced breeding techniques to reduce yield loss in barley in water-logged conditions.

Report will aid in detecting, diagnosing cognitive impairment
A new report from The Gerontological Society of America's Workgroup on Cognitive Impairment Detection and Earlier Diagnosis outlines a course of action for increasing the use of evidence-based cognitive assessment tools as part of the Medicare Annual Wellness Visit.

Video game technology helps measure upper extremity movement
Researchers have developed a way to measure upper extremity movement in patients with muscular dystrophy using interactive video game technology.

Aerial monitors shed light on reed die-back around Central Europe's largest lake
Researchers from the University of Leicester and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences discover way to map 'reed die-back' using satellites and aircraft.

Drug combinations a good approach for infectious fungus, research shows
Researchers at the University of Toronto have discovered that Candida albicans -- a leading cause of potentially fatal hospital-acquired infections -- rarely develops resistance to combination drug therapy and, when it becomes resistant, it also becomes less dangerous.

Researchers discover critical molecule in fight against lung infection
A Montana State University graduate student who wants to reduce the number of people dying from lung infections has discovered a molecule that's critical for immunity.

UC Davis researchers identify new compound that takes aim at neuropathic pain
A new compound discovered by a team of UC Davis investigators has potent actions against production of a chemical that which is implicated in the development of chronic pain following a peripheral nerve injury in the spinal cord.

University of Utah researchers: Federal lands takeover would harm the public
The transfer of 31 million acres of land managed by the federal government to Utah would hinder public land management reforms and harm the state, according to a newly released analysis by researchers at the Wallace Stegner Center for Land, Resources and Environment at the University of Utah's S.J.

New method for minimally invasive tissue ablation surgery
The armamentarium of minimally invasive surgery is enriched with a new tissue ablation technique that employs the finding that reversible electroporation electric pulses, a mainstay tool of 21st century biotechnology, can substantially augment the effectiveness of electrolytic tissue ablation, a minimally invasive tissue ablation technique that has been used infrequently since its discovery at the beginning of the 19th century.

Cow immune system inspires potential new therapies
To help people with hormone deficiencies, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have developed a potential new therapy based on an unlikely model: immune molecules from cows.

Drilling reveals fault rock architecture in New Zealand's central alpine fault
Rocks within plate boundary scale fault zones become fragmented and altered over the earthquake cycle.

Building a town house from bio-based plastics
A newly published book '3-D Printing with Biomaterials' explores the promises of 3-D printing with biomaterials towards a sustainable and circular economy.

After hospital discharge, deadly heart risks can remain for up to a year
In the month following an older heart patient's hospital discharge, there is a one in five risk of rehospitalization or death, but little is known about how these risks change over time.

NOAA's DSCOVR: Offering a new view of the solar wind
Lagrange 1 lies outside Earth's magnetic environment, a perfect place to measure the constant stream of particles from the sun, known as the solar wind, as they pass by.

Lifting the veil on a dark galaxy
A cluster of young, pulsating stars discovered in the far side of the Milky Way may mark the location of a previously unseen dark-matter dominated dwarf galaxy hidden behind clouds of dust.

A picture is worth 1,000 words, but how many emotions?
Jiebo Luo, professor of computer science at the University of Rochester, in collaboration with researchers at Adobe Research has come up with a more accurate way than currently possible to train computers to be able to digest data that comes in the form of images and extract the emotions they convey.

Study finds minimal ethnic differences in health among older insured diabetes patients
In one of the first studies of its kind, researchers found that the prevalence of geriatric conditions and diabetic complications among older, insured patients with diabetes did not vary significantly by ethnicity.

Workshop on Public Awareness of Research Infrastructures -- Expectations -- Experiences -- Examples
On June 18-19, 2015, ESO will host a workshop entitled Public Awareness of Research Infrastructures -- Expectations -- Experiences -- Examples, organized by the Association of European-level Research Infrastructure Facilities.

ESC Congress 2015 program online today
ESC Congress 2015 will take place from Aug. 29 to Sept.

Consumer preferences and the power of scarcity
How does scarcity, or the appearance of scarcity, affect choice when several consumer products are presented at once?

Poor access to primary care results in poorer health for deaf people
Deaf people who sign have poorer health than the general population, according to a study led by researchers from the School for Social and Community Medicine at the University of Bristol, UK.

Diabetes interventions should be localized, WashU study finds
Factors associated with the prevalence of diabetes vary by geographic region in the United States, according to new research from the Brown School at Washington University in St.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society issues statement on measles outbreak
The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, an organization of physicians, scientists, and other medical professionals dedicated to treating and preventing infectious diseases, issued a statement today about the ongoing measles outbreak, urging vaccination to halt the spread of the disease and to prevent future outbreaks.

Why 'baking powder' increases efficiency of plastic solar cells
The efficiency of plastic solar cells can be doubled or tripled if an extra solvent is added during the production process, comparable with the role of baking powder in dough mixture.

NASA scientist advances methane sounder to measure another greenhouse gas
A NASA scientist who has played a key role developing and demonstrating a new technique for gathering around-the-clock global carbon-dioxide measurements is applying the same general principles to develop a new laser instrument sensitive to another greenhouse gas -- methane.

Astronomers breathe new life into venerable instrument
A consortium of astronomers has revived the HPOL Spectropolarimeter, an instrument that measures polarized light from distant astronomical objects.

Revealing the workings of a master switch for plant growth
In a discovery that could pave the way to higher crop and biomass productivity, scientists from RIKEN in Japan, along with colleagues from the University of Tokyo, have shed new light on the complex interplay that allows a master switch to control the growth of plants.

Fewer viral relics may be due to a less bloody evolutionary history
A researcher from Plymouth University School of Biomedical and Healthcare Sciences had led an international team investigating viruses that entered the DNA of our ancestors millions of years ago.

E-cigarette vapors, flavorings, trigger lung cell stress
A new study shows that emissions from e-cigarette aerosols and flavorings damage lung cells by creating harmful free radicals and inflammation in lung tissue, suggesting that e-cigarettes are likely a toxic replacement for tobacco products.

Lurasidone in schizophrenia: Added benefit is not proven
Lurasidone shows no added benefit for acute treatment or as prevention of relapse. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to