Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 12, 2015
New Science paper calculates magnitude of plastic waste going into the ocean
How much mismanaged plastic waste is making its way from land to ocean has been a decades-long guessing game.

Middle-aged men at highest risk of suicide after breathing poor air
In research published today in The American Journal of Epidemiology, investigator Amanda Bakian, Ph.D., an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Utah, and her colleagues outline chemical and meteorological variables that are risk factors for suicide.

Life on other planets: Alternative chemistries of life
Ideas about directing evolution of life forms on Earth and finding life on other planets are rapidly morphing from science-fiction fantasy into mainstream science.

Mismatched twin stars spotted in the delivery room
The majority of stars in our galaxy come in pairs.

Study provides insights on enzyme that helps direct the immune response to kidney injury
An enzyme called heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) affects immune cells as they travel through the body in response to kidney injury.

Monster hurricanes struck US Northeast during prehistoric periods of ocean warming
Intense hurricanes possibly more powerful than any storms New England has experienced in recorded history frequently pounded the region during the first millennium, from the peak of the Roman Empire to the height of the Middle Ages, according to results of a new study.

Key to blocking influenza virus may lie in a cell's own machinery
Researchers at Rockefeller University and their collaborators have found an unexpected way the immune system fights the flu virus: By targeting cells' protein-cutting enzymes, which the virus needs to mature and spread.

Prestigious distinction for Professor Federico Rosei
Professor Federico Rosei of the Centre Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications of INRS has won the prestigious Khawarizmi International Award (Second KIA Laureate).

Light in the Moebius strip
A Moebius strip created from laser light opens up new possibilities for material processing and for micro- and nanotechnology.

Study in Lancet Oncology sheds light on YONDELIS prolonged therapy in soft-tissue sarcoma
PharmaMar announced today that The Lancet Oncology published online the results from a final analysis of a randomized phase 2 trial study which found that treatment continuation with trabectedin in advanced STS patients who have not progressed after six cycles of treatment increases progression-free survival.

Microbes prevent malnutrition in fruit flies -- and maybe humans, too
A study by scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute sheds significant new light on a surprising and critical role that microbes may play in nutritional disorders such as protein malnutrition.

Rutgers-led team makes stride in explaining 30-year-old 'hidden order' physics mystery
A new explanation for a type of order, or symmetry, in an exotic material made with uranium is a major step toward explaining a puzzle that physicists worldwide have been struggling with for 30 years.

UTSW researchers find new mechanism that controls immune responses
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a common signaling mechanism to produce interferon -- one of the main proteins used to signal the immune system when the body needs to defend itself against a virus, tumor, or other diseases.

Genomic profiling for cancer of unknown primary site
Genomic profiling of cancer of an unknown primary site found at least one clinically relevant genomic alteration in most of the samples tested, an indication of potential to influence and personalize therapy for this type of cancer, which responds poorly to nontargeted chemotherapy treatments, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Bubonic bottleneck: UNC scientists overturn dogma on the plague
Researchers discover that the accepted theory of how Yersinia pestis microbes travel from fleabite to lymph node is off base.

Research defines more behaviors that reveal romantic attraction
Jeffrey Hall coded 36 verbal flirting behaviors -- such as making compliments, asking questions and revealing information -- and nonverbal flirting behaviors --such as leg-crossing, palming, leaning forward, playing with objects and nodding.

Analogue quantum computers: Still wishful thinking?
Quantum annealing, a potentially successful implementation of analogue quantum computing, would bring about an ultra-performant computational method.

Reality is distorted in brain's maps
The way that the brain's internal maps are linked and anchored to the external world has been a mystery for a decade, ever since 2014 Nobel Laureates May-Britt and Edvard Moser discovered grid cells, the key reference system of our brain's spatial navigation system.

New fluorescent protein permanently marks neurons that fire
A new tool developed at HHMI's Janelia Research Campus lets scientists shine a light on an animal's brain to permanently mark neurons that are active at a particular time.

Screen name matters in the online dating game
One starting with a letter in top half of the alphabet could make all the difference.

UC Davis Miller symposium spotlights rare disease research and precision medicine
Experts in rare diseases will gather at the UC Davis Conference Center March 5 for a conference highlighting the opportunities and challenges in applying cutting edge technologies and 'precision medicine' to better treat conditions that together affect millions of people, especially children.

Penn Medicine: Brain activity can predict increased fat intake following sleep deprivation
Experts have warned for years that insufficient sleep can lead to weight gain.

Meeting: The Role of Nutrition in Nutrition Prevention and Management
On March 26-27, nutrition and dementia researchers and practitioners will gather to discuss emerging nutrition research for the prevention and management of dementia.

Curious monkeys share our thirst for knowledge
Monkeys are notoriously curious, and new research has quantified just how eager they are to gain new information, even if there are not immediate benefits.

NIH Ebola study in macaques provides timeframes for post-mortem viral stability
To determine how long Ebola virus could remain infectious in a body after death, NIH scientists sampled deceased Ebola-infected monkeys and discovered the virus remained viable for at least seven days.

Earliest-known arboreal and subterranean ancestral mammals discovered
The fossils of two interrelated ancestral mammals, newly discovered in China, suggest that the wide-ranging ecological diversity of modern mammals had a precedent more than 160 million years ago.

Cancer patients rarely demand unnecessary tests and treatments
Physicians often blame patient demands for contributing to high medical costs, however, a new Penn Medicine study involving more than 5,000 patient-clinician visits indicates that cancer patients rarely push for unnecessary tests and treatments from their health care providers.

It takes more than merit: Alma mater's prestige highly predictive of faculty placement
A new study finds that small differences in institutional prestige have an enormous impact on the likelihood that a person who graduates with a doctoral degree will land a coveted faculty job.

Meeting: Nutrition and the Science of Disease Prevention: A Systems Approach to Support Metabolic Health
How can we leverage progress in nutritional science, genetics, computer science and behavioral economics to address the challenge of non-communicable disease?

Stroke survivors may be at higher risk of having cancer
A study of stroke survivors showed that having a stroke was linked with an increased risk of having an underlying cancer.

SPARC consortium provides $1.9 million for autoimmune disease research
The first grants from the Strategic Pharma-Academic Research Consortium for Translational Medicine will provide over $1.9 million to advance research on autoimmune disease at several medical research universities across the Midwest.

EU and GBIF to collaborate on improving biodiversity information for developing countries
The European Union and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility have launched a four-year €3.9 million project aimed at increasing the amount of biodiversity information available for developing countries.

New research program at the interface of solid state physics and quantum physics
Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler and Ron Folman initiate a research program looking at quantum phenomena.

Scientists get first glimpse of a chemical bond being born
Scientists have used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on the way to becoming a molecule.

Attention runners: Achilles can handle 'ups and downs' better than you think
A study authored by BYU researchers reveals great news about the Achilles heel: the Achilles tendon is capable of adapting to uphill and downhill running better than previously believed.

Clinically inappropriate patient demands of oncologists happen infrequently
While many physicians will cite 'demanding patients' as the reason for high medical costs due to unnecessary tests or treatments, a new study conducted at outpatient oncology centers found that only 1 percent of 5,050 patient-clinician encounters resulted in a clinically inappropriate request, of which very few were complied with by physicians, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Instructional DVD reduces MRI scan patients' anxiety and improves scan quality
A DVD designed to help people prepare for a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, including guidance on how to relax, led to more successful scans.

Changing stereotypes key to getting girls interested in computer science
Stereotypes are a powerful force in discouraging girls from careers in computer science and engineering, but simple steps can effectively counteract them, two new studies from the University of Washington find.

Live assessment of blood formation
In the bone marrow, blood stem cells give rise to a large variety of mature blood cells via progenitor cells at various stages of maturation.

New film footage reveals potential 'killer blow' to King Richard III
A University of Leicester video shows injury on inside of the skull.

The company you keep
When fighting chronic viral infections or cancers, a key division of the immune system, known as CD8 T cells, sometimes loses its ability to effectively fight foreign invaders.

'Megadrought' likely for western US by end of century
The consequences of climate change paint a bleak picture for the Southwest and much of America's breadbasket, the Great Plains.

Ants are more than just convenience food to young spiders
Harvester ants are more than just a convenient snack for the southern European spider, Euryopis episinoides.

Sustainable Development Goals need clearer, more measurable targets, say scientists
According to a new report released today by the International Council for Science and the International Social Science Council, the Sustainable Development Goals offer a 'major improvement' over their predecessors, the Millennium Development Goals.

Data-storage for eternity
How can we preserve our knowledge today for the next millennia?

Here's looking at you
A team of cognitive scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna has demonstrated for the first time that dogs can differentiate between happy and angry human faces.

A high acid diet may have negative effects on kidney health
Among patients with chronic kidney disease, patients who consumed high acid diets were three times more likely to develop kidney failure than patients who consumed low acid diets.

Finding points to possible mechanism underpinning Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have for the first time discovered a killing mechanism that could underpin a range of the most intractable neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and ALS.

Common biomarkers of sleep debt found in humans, rats
Researchers found common molecules signifying perturbed metabolism in response to sleep restriction in a comprehensive metabolic profiling of blood from both rats and humans.

A new model organism for aging research: The short-lived African killifish
Studying aging and its associated diseases has been challenging because existing vertebrate models (e.g., mice) are relatively long lived, while short-lived invertebrate species (e.g., yeast and worms) lack key features present in humans.

Application of laser microprobe technology to Apollo samples refines lunar impact history
A team led by ASU researchers has now refined the timeline of meteorite impacts on the moon through a pioneering application of laser microprobe technology to Apollo 17 samples.

An ocean of plastic
Ocean currents have been carrying floating debris into all five of the world's major oceanic gyres for decades.

Under pressure
Just as human relationships are a two-way street, fusion between cells requires two active partners: one to send protrusions into its neighbor, and one to hold its ground and help complete the process.

Simulation technology shows navy how to take a HIT
The Navy soon will begin using an Office of Naval Research technology to predict injuries and improve medical responses in any kind of attack on ships, officials announced today.

Better catalysts, made-to-order
In a study appearing in the journal Science, University of Utah chemists captured enough data on the crucial steps in a reaction to accurately predict the structures of the most efficient catalysts, those that would speed the process with the least amount of unwanted byproducts.

Southwest & Central Plains face unprecedented drought risk in the 21st century
The American Southwest and Central Plains will experience extended drought conditions in the future that will be more severe than even the hottest, driest megadroughts of the 12th and 13th centuries.

An aggressive form of HIV uncovered in Cuba
Engaging in unprotected sex with multiple partners increases the risk of contracting multiple strains of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Spontaneous activity shapes neuron development
A process previously thought to be mere background noise in the brain has been found to shape the growth of neurons as the brain develops, according to research from the Medical Research Council Centre for Developmental Neurobiology Research Council Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, published in Cell Reports.

Universal access to physical activity could save billions in health costs
A little more than half of family health teams in Ontario offer physical activity services such as classes or counselling to encourage exercise among patients, and new research finds that standardizing access could help reduce the $6.8-billion cost associated with a sedentary lifestyle.

Moffitt physicians promote screening strategies for those at high-risk for melanoma
Melanoma, the most deadly type of skin cancer, was to blame for approximately 9,700 deaths in 2014.

Physician-controlled decisions in cancer care linked to lower quality rating
Patients who described physician-controlled decisions about their cancer care versus shared decision-making were less likely to report receiving excellent quality of care, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.

New techniques reveal how microbes shape the health and biodiversity of oceans
Three leading experts will share their recent findings on the role of microbes in ocean ecosystems at an AAAS symposium Feb.

Remoras don't suck
Researchers have long studied animals like tree frogs, geckos, and spiders for their adhesive abilities, but what makes remoras unique in this group is they combine three key elements: the ability to securely fasten themselves for long periods of time; attach to different types of surfaces; release quickly without harming the surface.

UT Arlington computer system to reserve vehicles, send reminders to veterans
A University of Texas at Arlington computer scientist is designing a reservation/reminder software system as part of a project that will eventually lead to veterans on military bases being driven to doctor appointments via driverless cars.

Carnegie Mellon researchers reveal how mindfulness training affects health
Over the past decade, there have been many encouraging findings suggesting that mindfulness training can improve a broad range of mental and physical health problems.

Researchers design 'evolutionary trap' to thwart drug resistance
Using theoretical and experimental approaches, researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have developed a two-pronged strategy that uses an evolving cell population's adaptive nature against it.

Ebola virus may have been present in West Africa long before 2014 outbreak
It is not known what triggered the transmission of Ebola virus from its natural host to humans and the rapid human-to-human spread of the deadly virus throughout Western Africa last year.

UIC-led clinical trial identifies patients at higher risk of second stroke
Risk of recurrent stroke is higher in patients who have low blood flow to the back of the brain, a six-year, multi-center trial has found, and the condition can be visualized using specialized software developed at the University of Illinois at Chicago that analyzes blood flow using standard MRI.

Scientists tackle issue of how to get a first date in a digital world
An online profile name beginning with letters A-M is as important as an attractive photo and fluent headline when it comes to being successful in the world of online dating, according to scientists.

Ebola has lessons for local health departments' role in health crises
Experience with the Ebola outbreak highlights local health departments' essential role in responding to global health threats posed by infectious diseases, according to a special article in the March/April issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Gilead Sciences and Beryllium publish the structural basis for HCV RNA replication in Science
In this week's issue of Science, researchers at Gilead Sciences, Inc.

Dogs know that smile on your face
Dogs can tell the difference between happy and angry human faces, according to a new study in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Feb.

New radiotracer helps avoid neck dissection in patients with early head and neck cancer
A new tracer can enable surgeons to make an accurate identification of the sentinel node -- the lymph node to which cancer spreads first -- and hence spare patients the post-operative complications that may be linked to the removal of a group of lymph nodes in the neck.

Congressional briefing explores biological sex differences in medical research
The Endocrine Society and Society for Women's Health Research (SWHR®) are co-sponsoring a Congressional briefing on February 17 that will focus on the importance of including female subjects in both preclinical and clinical biomedical research, which could potentially revolutionize medical research and scientific discovery.

How the Eastern tiger swallowtail got 'scary'
Scientists know a lot about Eastern tiger swallowtail -- the state insect in five states -- but they hadn't managed to sequence their genome.

Insights in Melanoma: A National and Local Perspective
'Insights in Melanoma: A National and Local Perspective' is a conference at the University of Hawaii Cancer Center on May 1, 2015.

Switching superconductivity by light
A research team led by professor Hiroshi M. Yamamoto of the Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences has developed a novel superconducting transistor which can be switched reversibly between on and off by light irradiation.

Study recommends closing the high seas to fishing
The high seas globally should be closed to fishing argues a new study in the journal Scientific Reports, co-authored by Isabelle Côté, a Simon Fraser University professor of marine ecology and conservation.

Dehydration linked to worsening stroke conditions
Patients who are dehydrated and suffer a stroke have worse short-term outcomes than those patients who are well-hydrated at the time of their stroke.

Study finds lack of ID checks for buying cigarettes in NYC
An investigation by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development found that more than a quarter of New York City retailers did not request identification from young adults buying cigarettes.

Why do roses smell so sweet? (video)
Valentine's Day is Saturday, and people will be spending billions on their sweethearts.

Hand washing focus in hospitals has led to rise in worker dermatitis
A new study from The University of Manchester has revealed that the incidence of dermatitis has increased 4.5 times in health care workers following increased hand hygiene as a drive to reduce infections such as MRSA has kicked in.

Juvenile gang members in US top 1 million, new study finds
There are over one million juvenile gang members in the US, more than three times the number estimated by law enforcement, according to a recent study.

Eye on the International Space Station: One-year mission miniseries
Have you ever experienced swelling in your legs, become dizzy when you stood up too quickly or suffered from elevated blood pressure?

New study in Science calculates amount of plastic waste going into the ocean
The study, co-authored by Kara Lavender Law of Sea Education Association and principal investigator of the NCEAS marine debris working group, reported in the Feb.

Instructional DVD reduces MRI scan patients' anxiety and improves scan quality
A DVD designed to help people prepare for a Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan, including guidance on how to relax, led to more successful scans.

A brain system that appears to compensate for autism, OCD, and dyslexia
Individuals with five neurodevelopmental disorders -- autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette syndrome, dyslexia, and Specific Language Impairment -- appear to compensate for dysfunction by relying on a single powerful and nimble system in the brain known as declarative memory.

Stopping at red lights exposes drivers to high levels of air pollution, new study finds
Research published today in the journal Atmospheric Environment has found that drivers are exposed to dangerously high levels of air pollutants when stopped at red lights.

Motorized cycling may prime brain for relearning after stroke
Exercise on a motorized stationary bike appeared to give stroke patients an advantage in relearning everyday tasks and improving motor function of their arms.

Study finds positive trends in medical genetics education
Today's physicians require an increasingly comprehensive understanding of the principles of genetics and genomics in order to make informed clinical decisions.

Estimates of gastric, breast cancer risk in carriers of CDH1 gene mutations
More precise estimates of age-associated risks of gastric and breast cancer were derived for carriers of the CDH1 gene mutation, a cancer predisposing gene that is abnormal in families meeting criteria for clinically defined hereditary diffuse gastric cancer, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.

People value resources more consistently when they are scarce
We tend to be economically irrational when it comes to choosing how we use resources like money and time but scarcity can convert us into economically rational decision makers, according to research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Make like a squid and transform
A new study from Tel Aviv University showcases the first example of an animal editing its own genetic makeup on-the-fly to modify most of its proteins, enabling adjustments to its immediate surroundings.

20-year study finds ethnic differences in links between diabetes risk and levels of tyrosine and other amino acids
A study of white European and South Asian men in the UK has found that levels of the amino acid tyrosine, and several other amino acids, are more strongly associated with increased diabetes risk in the South Asian men.

Inaugural Texas A&M Plant Breeding Symposium
The theme of the inaugural Texas A&M Plant Breeding Symposium, to be held Feb.

Making teeth tough: Beavers show way to improve our enamel
Beavers don't brush their teeth or drink fluoridated water, but a new Northwestern University study reports beavers do have protection against tooth decay built into the chemical structure of their teeth: iron.

Thursday news tips -- American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2015
Tips include 'Air pollution may fuel severe stroke in poor neighborhoods'; 'Clot buster use rises most among 80 and older stroke patients'; 'Patients with 'wake-up strokes' may be candidates for tPA treatment'; 'Church-based health intervention may help parishioners reduce stroke risk'; 'Ideal heart health not only impacts heart, but also future ability to function'; and 'Smaller 'stroke belt' among kids but picture still grim.'

NOAA announces new National Saltwater Recreational Fisheries Policy
Today at the annual Progressive® Insurance Miami Boat Show, NOAA Fisheries Administrator Eileen Sobeck announced a new national policy to better serve America's 11 million recreational saltwater anglers and the companies and communities that rely on them.

New research shows possibility of cure for HPV positive throat cancer patients
Researchers from Canada have shown for the first time that some patients with HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer can be cured, even after the disease has spread to other organs.

JMD publishes article on laboratory perspective of incidental findings reporting
This paper offers new and important perspectives from the laboratory highlighting the need for increased understanding and transparency of complex genomic testing.

A*STAR develops systems to identify treatment targets for cancer and rare diseases
In recent months, several national initiatives for personalized medicine have been announced, including the recently launched precision medicine initiative in the US, driven by rapid advances in genomic technologies and with the promise of cheaper and better healthcare.

Institutional prestige dominates faculty hiring, leads to systemic inequality
Faculty careers are shut off to all individuals with Ph.D.s except those from a small number of universities, a new study of 19,000 faculty hiring decisions reveals.

Two cell-signaling molecules found to suppress the spread of melanoma
In what is believed to be the largest epigenetic analysis to date of cell-signaling molecules in early-stage melanoma, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and its Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center have identified two tiny bits of non-coding genetic material in primary tumors that appear critical to stalling the cancer's spread -- and essentially setting the biological fate of the disease.

Large numbers of teenage girls experience sexual coercion in relationships
More than four in ten teenage schoolgirls in England have experienced sexual coercion, new research launched today reveals.

NIST shows crystal pattern mapping can recover obliterated serial numbers in metals
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have demonstrated a technique for mapping deformation in metals that can recover destroyed serial numbers on metal objects such as firearms, a common challenge in forensics.

Critical green turtle habitats identified in Mediterranean
A new study led by the University of Exeter has identified two major foraging grounds of the Mediterranean green turtle and recommends the creation of a new Marine Protected Area to preserve the vulnerable species.

The neural basis of 'being in the mood'
Researchers discover neurons that combine social information with hormonal state in female mice.

Cerebral palsy -- it can be in your genes
An international research group led by a team at the University of Adelaide has made what they believe could be the biggest discovery into cerebral palsy in 20 years.

Urban pollinators get the job done, SF State study finds
Native bees in San Francisco provide adequate pollination to crop plants such as tomato plants, research from San Francisco State University shows.

AAAS 2015: New Alzheimer's targets via proteomics
Emory Alzheimer's expert Allan Levey, M.D., Ph.D. is scheduled to give a talk titled 'Proteomics Discovery of New Alzheimer's Disease Targets,' as part of the Dementia: Research Milestones and Policy Priorities session on Friday.

NSF@AAAS
At the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) this week in San Jose, Calif., National Science Foundation (NSF) staff and NSF-funded investigators will present results and insights representing the full scope of science, from graduate education to the biochemistry of extremophiles.

Looking for love? Use Reddit to give Cupid tech support
The study found that users on OKCupid and mobile-based Tinder aren't able to determine social norms or effective match-making techniques on the services, so they use Reddit to learn tips about online dating.

iSpot: Research finds crowdsourcing effective for gathering biodiversity data
New research on iSpot -- The Open University's platform to help people share and learn more about nature -- has recognised crowdsourcing as having a key role in the identification of plant species and wildlife.

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers
Supercomputers used to find new class of materials that exhibit exotic matter state known as the quantum spin Hall effect.

Regenstrief and IU study finds obese black and white women differ in how they view weight
Obese low income black and white women view weight dissimilarly according to a new study of middle aged women from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Aging Research.

Study: Global rainfall satellites require massive overhaul
A new Cornell University study warns that the existing system of space-based rainfall observation satellites requires a serious overhaul.

FANTOM5 project discovers general rules governing how cells change
Using a comprehensive analysis of RNA expression in different cell types, scientists from the RIKEN-led FANTOM5 consortium have made major strides toward resolving an outstanding mystery in biology.

Harm and response
In one of the broadest studies of its kind, scientists at the University of Missouri Bond Life Sciences Center recently looked at all plant genes and their response to the enemy.

Gold nanotubes launch a three-pronged attack on cancer cells
Scientists have shown that gold nanotubes have many applications in fighting cancer: internal nanoprobes for high-resolution imaging; drug delivery vehicles; and agents for destroying cancer cells.

Parents experience post-traumatic stress disorder after child's stroke
Parents of children who had suffered a stroke showed signs of PTSD while children showed signs of anxiety.

Plant-based diet may reduce obese children's risk of heart disease
Obese children who begin a low-fat, plant-based vegan diet may lower their risk of heart disease through improvements in their weight, blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol levels, insulin sensitivity, and high-sensitivity C-reactive, according to Cleveland Clinic research published online today by The Journal of Pediatrics.

Psychological factors play a part in acupuncture treatment of back pain
People with back pain who have low expectations of acupuncture before they start a course of treatment will gain less benefit than those people who believe it will work, according to new research from the University of Southampton.

Warming pushes Western US toward driest period in 1,000 years
During the second half of the 21st century, the US Southwest and Great Plains will face persistent drought worse than anything seen in times ancient or modern, with the drying conditions 'driven primarily' by human-induced global warming, a new study predicts.

New data shows iRhythm reduces cost of arrhythmia detection compared to standard methods
iRhythm Technologies, Inc., a leading digital health care solutions company focusing on the advancement of cardiac care, today announced the study, 'Cost Analysis and Clinical Outcomes of Ambulatory Care Monitoring in Medicare Patients,' was published in the Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research that assessed the costs incurred in the diagnosis, additional monitoring and following clinical events after the initial use of the Holter monitor among Medicare patients with arrhythmia.

Oxford University Press launches new journal, Work, Aging and Retirement
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce the launch of a new interdisciplinary journal, Work, Aging and Retirement, which is published in association with Lingnan College of Sun Yat-sen University.

High seas fishing ban could boost global catches, equality
Analysis of fisheries data indicates that if increased spillover of fish stocks from protected international waters were to boost coastal catches by 18 per cent, current global catches would be maintained.

International network of experts on intelligent systems
Equipping machines with the necessary intelligence that will enable them to recognize how to make life easier for their human users all by themselves: To further this research, Bielefeld University is strengthening its international ties with leading universities and research institutes on five continents.

How much plastic debris moves from land to sea?
Researchers suggest that the world's coastal communities generated close to 275 million tons of plastic waste in 2010 -- and that 4.8 to 12.7 million tons of that plastic made its way to the oceans.

The Lancet: Short-term use of hormone replacement therapy associated with increased ovarian cancer risk
Taking hormone replacement therapy for the menopause, even for just a few years, is associated with a significantly increased risk of developing the two most common types of ovarian cancer, according to a detailed re-analysis of all the available evidence, published in The Lancet.
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