Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 13, 2015
UTSA and Silicon Informatics develop high performance computing software tools
UTSA computer science professor Raj Boppana has teamed up with Silicon Informatics Inc. to develop high performance computing software tools that could test simulations of up to 1.5 billion streams of random numbers.

HPV vaccine highly effective against multiple cancer-causing strains
According to a multinational clinical trial involving nearly 20,000 young women, the human papilloma virus vaccine, Cervarix, not only has the potential to prevent cervical cancer, but was effective against other common cancer-causing human papillomaviruses, aside from just the two HPV types, 16 and 18, which are responsible for about 70 percent of all cases.

ASU hosts inaugural International Society for Evolution, Medicine & Public Health Meeting
Arizona State University will host a premiere opportunity to engage and mingle with luminaries in the burgeoning field of evolutionary medicine, a new interdisciplinary approach that is becoming an essential perspective in our view of disease, today's medical practice and the worldwide impact on public health as it hosts the Inaugural International Society for Evolution, Medicine & Public Health Meeting, March 19-21, 2015 in Tempe, Ariz.

Study seeks to understand Amazonia's past to ensure its sustainable future
A new international project led by the University of Exeter will investigate the Amazon's sustainable future by studying the way that ancient societies used and transformed the environment.

Study: Door-to-door campaign linked hepatitis C patients to care
Working on the streets in medically underserved Philadelphia neighborhoods, members of the Do One Thing program have been able to identify residents chronically infected with hepatitis C and help them overcome the hurdles that prevent people from being cured, according to a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Researchers use isotopic analysis to explore ancient Peruvian life
Through work conducted in Arizona State University's Archaeological Chemistry Laboratory, a team of bioarchaeologists and archaeologists have been able to study the diets of 14 individuals dating back almost 2,000 years.

NUS pioneers novel strategy to prevent progression of inflammation-associated cancers
A team of researchers led by associate professor Caroline Lee from the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore, in collaboration with associate professor Song Jianxing of the Department of Biological Sciences at the National University of Singapore Faculty of Science, has developed a novel strategy in the fight against cancer.

Interstellar technology throws light on spinning black holes
The team responsible for the Oscar-nominated visual effects at the center of Christopher Nolan's epic, 'Interstellar,' have turned science fiction into science fact by providing new insights into the powerful effects of black holes.

Diathermy smoke extraction should be compulsory in operations
The electrical devices that are used to cauterize tissue during surgical operations cause plumes of smoke to arise as intense heat is applied to flesh.

E-Cigarettes help smokers quit, ban reflex and 'no harm' perception must be challenged
E-cigarettes are already used by tens of millions of smokers around the world.

Correlations of quantum particles help in distinguishing physical processes
Communication security and metrology could be enhanced through a study of the role of quantum correlations in the distinguishability of physical processes, by researchers at the Universities of Strathclyde and Waterloo.

Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales among 2015 Dan David Prize winners
Jimmy Wales, co-founder of the ubiquitous online encyclopedia Wikipedia, is among the winners of the 2015 Dan David Prize, which annually bestows three awards of $1 million each.

Survivors of childhood cancer at risk for developing hormone deficiencies as adults
Decades after undergoing cranial irradiation for childhood cancer, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators found that adult survivors of pediatric cancer remain at risk for pituitary hormone deficiencies that may diminish their health and quality of life.

Type 2 diabetes linked to worse performance on cognitive testing
Type 2 diabetes is associated with worse performance on cognitive tests measuring abilities involved in the control of emotions, behaviours and thought, says a new study from the University of Waterloo.

Barrett-Jackson classic car auction raises $140,000 for TGen cancer research
What do a classic '79 Cutlass, Best Actress nominee Sharon Stone and the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) all have in common?

Distant species produce love child after 60 million year breakup
A delicate woodland fern discovered in the mountains of France is the love child of two distantly-related groups of plants that haven't interbred in 60 million years, genetic analyses show.

Seven genes for X-linked intellectual disability
Genetic analysis discovers new mutations on the X chromosome.

New neurologists receive stroke training with mannequins and other simulation techniques
Using mannequins and other simulation techniques can significantly improve the knowledge, skills and confidence of first-year neurology residents treating strokes in the ER, according to a study presented at the International Stroke Conference 2015.

Google-style ranking used to describe gene connectivity
Using the technique known as 'Gene Rank,' Dartmouth investigator Eugene Demidenko, Ph.D., captured and described a new characterization of gene connectivity in 'Microarray Enriched Gene Rank,' published in BioData Mining.

Would you take dieting advice from a friend?
Is a new diet or exercise program working for a friend?

Mapping the gut microbiome to better understand its role in obesity
Several recent science studies have claimed that the gut microbiome -- the diverse array of bacteria that live in the stomach and intestines -- may be to blame for obesity.

NASA measures frigid cloud top temps of the Arctic air outbreak
Some of the coldest air of the 2014-2015 winter season was settling over the eastern two-thirds of the US on Feb.

Finding winners and losers in global land use
An increasingly complex, interconnected world makes it difficult to study sustainability and figure out who the winners and losers are.

NTU Singapore develops new weapon in war against flu pandemics and pneumonia
Scientists from NTU Singapore, the world's No. 1 young university, have developed an antibody which boosts the survival chances for patients suffering from influenza and pneumonia.

Hearing experts break sound barrier for children born without hearing nerve
A multi-institutional team of hearing and communication experts led by the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California is breaking sound barriers for children born without a hearing nerve in a clinical trial backed by the National Institutes of Health.

Lighting up a new path for novel synthetic polio vaccine
Scientists from the UK and USA are using technology that helped in the design of a new synthetic vaccine to combat the foot and mouth disease virus to target the virus that causes polio.

NUS researchers invent novel bio-inspired robotic sock
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore's Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine and Faculty of Engineering has invented a novel sock that can help prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis and improve survival rates of patients.

World crop diversity survives in small farms from peri-urban to remote rural locations
As much as 75 percent of global seed diversity in staple food crops is held and actively used by a wide range of small farmholders -- workers of less than three to seven acres -- with the rest in gene banks, according to a Penn State geographer.

Argonne researchers to study Chicago emergency evacuation system
A group of Argonne researchers will be studying methods and creating tools for building more resilient mass transit systems to evacuate major cities under a $2.9 million grant announced this week by the US Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration.

What was the first hydrogen bomb like? Participant recounts history & physics of development
Kenneth Ford, renowned for his popular books on quantum physics, has published his latest book entitled 'Building the H Bomb: A Personal History' with World Scientific.

Professor to discuss multi-stakeholder Internet governance at AAAS
The US and many western governments have endorsed a multi-stakeholder model for global governance the Internet.

Researchers glimpse distortions in atomic structure of materials
Researchers from North Carolina State University are using a technique they developed to observe minute distortions in the atomic structure of complex materials, shedding light on what causes these distortions and opening the door to studies on how such atomic-scale variations can influence a material's properties.

SLU scientist finds higher opioid doses associated with increase in depression
Patients who increased doses of opioid medicines to manage chronic pain were more likely to experience an increase in depression.

Silver-glass sandwich structure acts as inexpensive color filter
Northwestern University researchers bypass nanotechnology to create a simple design that can transform silver into any color of the rainbow.

Action needed to standardize methods for the measurement of cigarette smoke constituents
The constituents measured in cigarette smoke have traditionally been tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide.

Use of 'digital badges' in schools would motivate students, research shows
The blend of digital technology and traditional merit badges, such as those earned by Boy and Girl Scouts, would provide an opportunity to both motivate and measure learning, according to new research by University at Buffalo education professor Sam Abramovich.

Stress linked to worse recovery in women after heart attack
Young and middle-aged women experience more stress than their male counterparts, which could contribute to worse recovery from acute myocardial infarction, according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues.

See here now: Telescopic contact lenses and wink-control glasses
Optics specialist Eric Tremblay from EPFL in Switzerland unveils the latest prototype in the telescopic contact lens and debuts accessory wink-controlled glasses that switch between normal and 2.8x magnified vision.

Review article provides evidence on the biological nature of gender identity
Medical care of transgender patients, including surgical and hormonal treatment, has largely been met with resistance by physicians in favor of psychiatric treatment, owing to misconceptions that gender identity can be changed.

Thames study: Rivers can be a source antibiotic resistance
Rivers and streams could be a major source of antibiotic resistance in the environment.

How iron feels the heat
Researchers have known that the arrangement of the atoms in a piece of iron changes several times before melting -- but the details of just how and why this property contributes to the metal's thermodynamic stability remained a mystery.

'Danger' molecule may be new therapeutic target for male hypertension
Higher levels of a 'danger' molecule may be one reason males tend to become hypertensive earlier and more severely than females, scientists say.

BGRF announces in silico method to predict effectiveness of cognitive enhancers
The Biogerontology Research Foundation, a UK-based charity committed to the support of aging research to address the challenges of a rapidly aging population and to reduce the impact of disease on future generations, announces the publication of research into personalizing nootropic drugs using in silico prediction methods.

Larger area analysis needed to understand patterns in ancient prehistory
Archaeologists need to study larger areas of land and link those studies to measurable environmental, societal and demographic changes to understand variations in prehistoric societies, according to Penn State anthropologists.

What is successful aging? Gerontologists strive to build consensus
Scholars have long debated what successful aging is, how to measure it, and how to promote it.

Female pumas kill more, eat less when humans are near, UC Santa Cruz study finds
Female pumas kill more prey but consume less when their territories bump into human development, University of California Santa Cruz researchers report in a new study based on monitoring more than two dozen pumas in the Santa Cruz Mountains.

Children's heart disease topics: Brain injury, radiation exposure, CPR and more
Of many clinical researchers from around the world presenting findings in congenital heart disease at Cardiology 2015, conference organizers chose eight finalists for the Outstanding Investigator Award.

Marijuana use is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents
Ten percent of adolescents sent to a Sleep Center for evaluation of excessive daytime sleepiness with testing results consistent with narcolepsy had urine drug screens positive for marijuana -- 43 percent of children with urine drug screens positive for marijuana actually had test results consistent with narcolepsy or abnormal REM sleep patterns.

One in four Saudis heading for heart attack in 10 years
One in four adults in Saudi Arabia is set to have a heart attack within the next 10 years, reveals research presented at the 26th Annual Conference of the Saudi Heart Association, held Feb.

New self-stretching material developed at University of Rochester
Although most materials slightly expand when heated, there is a new class of rubber-like material that not only self-stretches upon cooling; it reverts back to its original shape when heated, all without physical manipulation.

Getting in shape
The Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Micro/Bio/Nanofluidics Unit studies in depth the physics behind liquid-liquid impact with varied temperatures to create non-spherical particles for use in industry.

UT Arlington bio-analytical chemist receives NIH, UT System funding for protein research
UT Arlington bio-analytical chemist Saiful Chowdhury has received funding from the NIH and UT System to advance protein research.

Study finds short-term psychological therapy reduces suicide attempts in at-risk soldiers
Short-term cognitive behavioral therapy dramatically reduced suicide attempts among at-risk military personnel, according to findings from a research study that included investigators from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

In the quantum world, the future affects the past
In the quantum world, the future predicts the past. Playing a guessing game with a superconducting circuit called a qubit, a physicist at Washington University in St.

Structure-based design used as tool for engineering deimmunized biotherapeutics
In the first experimental use of algorithms that employ structure-based molecular modeling to optimize deimmunized drug candidates, Dartmouth researchers complement their prior sequence-based deimmunizing algorithms and expand the tool kit of protein engineering technologies to use in next generation drug development.

MD Anderson scientist receives top German award in physiology and medicine
Raghu Kalluri, M.D., Ph.D., chair, cancer biology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, has received a notable scientific award from a top German university.

How a wedding engagement changes Twitter feeds
By comparing tweets in the months before and after announcing their wedding engagement on Twitter, a Georgia Tech study identifies how people change both the words they use and their online personas following the happy news.
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