Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 20, 2015
MARC Travel Awards Announced for ABRF 2015 Annual Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities 2015 Annual Meeting from March 28-31, 2015, in St.

EPSRC unveils world-leading SuperSTEM microscope that sees single atoms
A new super powerful electron microscope that can pinpoint the position of single atoms, and will help scientists push boundaries even further, in fields such as advanced materials, healthcare and power generation, will be unveiled Thursday, Feb.

CWRU dental researcher demonstrates how T cells cause inflammation during infections
Case Western Reserve University dental researcher Pushpa Pandiyan has discovered a new way to model how infection-fighting T cells cause inflammation in mice.

Tracking invasives? There's an app for that
Invasive species will have a tougher time sneaking around undetected, thanks to an app developed by Michigan State University.

NASA saw heavy rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Marcia
As Tropical Cyclone Marcia was nearing the Queensland coast, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM measured its rainfall from space.

Safety and life-saving efficacy of statins have been exaggerated, says USF scientist
Statins, the cholesterol-lowering drugs prescribed to prevent heart attacks, are not as effective nor as safe as we have been led to believe.

Future of biobanking and translational research in China
As clinical medical research in China reaches a turning point, the country's strategy for expanding its biosample collection and analysis capabilities and its focus on acquiring new sources of biomedical data to accelerate translational research are highlighted in a special issue of Biopreservation and Biobanking.

Immune cells -- learning from experience
Immunologists have shown that our immune cells can learn on the job.

Hubble gets best view of circumstellar debris disk distorted by planet
Astronomers have used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to take the most detailed edge on picture to date of a large disk of gas and dust encircling the 20-million-year-old star Beta Pictoris.

Diabetes and depression predict dementia risk in people with slowing minds
People with mild cognitive impairment are at higher risk of developing dementia if they have diabetes or psychiatric symptoms such as depression, finds a new review led by UCL researchers.

Powerful dengue neutralizing antibody found
A new Duke-NUS-led study has identified a super-potent antibody which requires a minute amount to neutralize the dengue virus.

Mayo researchers identify gene that pushes normal pancreas cells to change shape
A research team led by investigators from Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville, Fla., and the University of Oslo, Norway, have identified a molecule that pushes normal pancreatic cells to transform their shape, laying the groundwork for development of pancreatic cancer -- one of the most difficult tumors to treat.

Mammography screening: Patient information leaflets do not affect willingness to participate
Elisabeth Gummersbach and colleagues report on a study in which they determined how well the prospective subjects understood the information presented in leaflets about mammography screening and whether this information influenced their willingness to undergo screening.

Ancient and modern cities aren't so different
Despite notable differences in appearance and governance, ancient human settlements function in much the same way as modern cities, according to new findings by researchers at the Santa Fe Institute and the University of Colorado Boulder.

LSU researcher receives $1.8 million NIH grant to study proteins in rickettsial species
Juan J. Martinez, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences at the LSU School of Veterinary Medicine, has been awarded a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease to further understand the contribution of a family of outer-membrane proteins termed surface cell antigens, expressed by pathogenic rickettsial species to the initiation and progression of disease in animals and humans.

Morris Bullock, Ph.D., Daniel DuBois, Ph.D., PNNL Hydrogen Catalysis Team win ACS award
ACS Catalysis and the American Chemical Society Division of Catalysis Science & Technology are pleased to announce Morris Bullock, Ph.D., Daniel DuBois, Ph.D., and the Hydrogen Catalysis Team at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have won the 2015 ACS Catalysis Lectureship for the Advancement of Catalytic Science.

Women back idea of more breast screens for those at high risk of cancer
Most women (85 percent) would back the idea of more frequent breast screening if they are at higher genetic risk of developing breast cancer, according to research published today by The Breast.

Powder vs. crack: NYU study identifies arrest risk disparity for cocaine use
Crack users are much more likely to experience arrest than powder cocaine users, and being poor is the true overwhelming correlate, not being black or a minority.

Binge drinking is strongly associated with eating problems among Russian girls
Adolescent binge drinking has been linked to a host of problems, including worse school performance, risky sexual behaviors, illicit drugs, and a greater risk of suicide.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the GSA 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Genetics Society of America 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference from March 4-8, 2015, in Chicago, Ill.

EARTH Magazine: On the trail of treasure in the Rocky Mountains
Can you find the famed treasure chest of Forrest Fenn?

MD Anderson receives $22.3 million in CPRIT research funding
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has received more than $22 million in research grants this week from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas.

New book on glia from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Glia,' published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, examines our understanding of the basic biology of glia and their roles in diseases such as Alzheimer's and cancer.

In the YouTube universe, alcohol is funny, drinkers are attractive, consequences minimal
Media exposure to alcohol has been linked to negative alcohol-use consequences.

Palbociclib shows promise in patients with hormone-resistant breast cancer
Palbociclib, an investigational oral medication that works by blocking molecules responsible for cancer cell growth, is well tolerated and extends progression-free survival in newly diagnosed, advanced breast cancer patients, including those whose disease has stopped responding to traditional endocrine treatments.

Bacterial memories
Bacteria are masters in adapting to their environment. This adaptability contributes to the bacteria's survival inside their host.

NASA sees heavy rain in Tropical Cyclone Lam
Tropical Cyclone Lam made landfall in a remote area of the Northern Territory and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite revealed that it brought heavy rain with it.

Springer signs agreement with the Turkish consortium TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM EKUAL
Springer and the Turkish consortium TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM EKUAL have signed a comprehensive license agreement for access to Springer's complete journal collection plus the Adis collections.

New HPV approved after international phase 2/3 trial involving Moffitt Cancer Center
A pivotal international phase 2/3 clinical trial involving Moffitt Cancer Center faculty demonstrated that vaccination with Gardasil 9 protects against nine HPV types, seven of which cause most cases of cervical, vulvar, and vaginal disease.

NASA-JAXA's TRMM satellite sees rapid intensification of category-5 Marcia
At 11 p.m. local time (1324 UTC) on Feb. 19, 2015, the Precipitation Radar on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite observed the eyewall of Tropical Cyclone Maria in the Coral Sea.

Genome's tale of 'conquer and enslave'
University of Toronto scientists uncovered how viral remnants helped shape control of our genes.

Protein linked to development of asthma
Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin have linked a specific protein, CCL28, to the development of post-viral infection asthma, which is the first step in generating a novel type of asthma therapy designed to prevent development of post-viral asthma in young children.

Education 'experts' may lack expertise, study finds
A study of education experts cited in news stories and blogs during 2013 finds that some lack background in education policy and research.

Virus-cutting enzyme helps bacteria remember a threat
Experiments at Rockefeller University reveal that Cas9 -- well known in biotech circles for its ability to make targeted cuts to a genome -- also directs the formation of memory within an adaptive bacterial immune system.

NASA snaps picture of Eastern US in a record-breaking 'freezer'
NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the snow-covered Eastern US that looks like the states have been sitting in a freezer.

Simoctocog alfa for hemophilia A: No suitable data
No added benefit can be derived from the dossier: the duration of the direct comparative studies was too short and the study pool on one-arm studies with the comparator therapy was incomplete.

Alcohol places Hispanics at a much greater risk of developing alcoholic liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease is a common liver ailment in the US that varies significantly by ethnicity.

Keeping the heart's engine in sync: Contractions' efficiency depends on critical protein
Researchers have identified a remarkable protein that helps choreograph the highly specific series of events that ensure the heart beats consistently and accurately.

Differing GP approach to sick notes between mental and physical illness
A study which has for the first time investigated in 'real time' how GPs approach the negotiation of sick notes, has found doctors taking a differing stance with patients who have mental health problems compared with those who present with physical illness.

Intoxicated on YouTube
The 70 most popular videos depicting drunkenness on YouTube account for more than 330 million views, with little portrayal of the negative outcomes of excessive alcohol consumption, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health.

Survey shows postmenopausal women with VVA report improved satisfaction with VagiCap
Newly released patient satisfaction survey results from a study of a novel investigational vaginal estrogen treatment show promise for improving quality of life and satisfaction for postmenopausal women who experience pain during sex and other symptoms associated with vulvar and vaginal atrophy.

Paleoclimate, proxies, paleosols, and precipitation: A look to the future
Precipitation reconstructions are essential for predicting impacts of future climate change and preparing for potential changes in terrestrial environmental conditions.

Greenland is melting -- The past might tell what the future holds
A team of scientists lead by Danish geologist Nicolaj Krog Larsen have managed to quantify how the Greenland Ice Sheet reacted to a warm period 8,000-5,000 years ago.

The sound of intellect: Job seeker's voice reveals intelligence
New study finds people rate job candidates as more competent when they hear them.

New research pinpoints crucial protein that keeps the heart beating on time
The average heart beats 35 million times a year -- 2.5 billion times over a lifetime.

MARC travel awards announced for: The ACSM Northwest Regional Chapter Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American College of Sports Medicine Northwest Regional Chapter Meeting from Feb.

AU professor develops web tool to speed data collection
AU sociology professor Michael Bader and colleagues created a web tool that speeds up researchers' data collection.

London sees faster private sector growth and smallest public sector job cuts, study finds
Despite experiencing faster private sector job growth than anywhere else in the country, London's public sector workforce has also seen smaller reductions than other regions, according to a new study.

Diabetes drug could protect against low blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin production in the body
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now discovered that DPP-4 inhibitors are also effective against low blood sugar levels.

Reducing energy efficiency boosts calorie burning in muscle
Scientist at the University of Iowa and the Iowa City VA Medical Center have developed a targeted approach that overrides muscles' intrinsic energy efficiency and allows muscle to burn more energy, even during low to moderate exercise.

Draft U-M report analyzes policy options for hydraulic fracturing in Michigan
University of Michigan researchers today released a detailed draft analysis of policy options for hydraulic fracturing, the natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking.

A lower IQ has been linked to greater and riskier drinking among young adult men
Previous research has suggested a link between intelligence and various health outcomes.
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