Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 23, 2015
MD Anderson studies skin cancer patients resistant to leading therapy
Powerful drugs known as BRAF-inhibitors have been crucial for melanoma patients, saving lives through their ability to turn off the BRAF protein's power to spur cancer cell growth.

Sobering effect of the love hormone
Researchers at the University of Sydney and University of Regensburg have found that giving drunken rats oxytocin counteracts its intoxicating effects.

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord
More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen.

Vitamin D deficiency linked more closely to diabetes than obesity
People who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

UTHealth's Cesar A. Arias elected to American Society for Clinical Investigation
Cesar A. Arias, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, has been elected to the American Society for Clinical Investigation.

Pregnant women unmoved by maternity hospital ratings, study suggests
Media reports in 2008 naming the best and worst NHS trusts for maternity care did not lead to more women going to the top hospitals or avoiding the lowest, a study has found.

'DNA spellchecker' means that our genes aren't all equally likely to mutate
A study that examined 17 million mutations in the genomes of 650 cancer patients concludes that large differences in mutation rates across the human genome are caused by the DNA repair machinery.

Building tailor-made DNA nanotubes step by step
Researchers at McGill University have developed a new, low-cost method to build DNA nanotubes block by block -- a breakthrough that could help pave the way for scaffolds made from DNA strands to be used in applications such as optical and electronic devices or smart drug-delivery systems.

Tests reveal under-reported exposure to tobacco smoke among preemies with lung disease
Public health experts have long known that tobacco smoke exposure can be harmful for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a lung disease that often accompanies premature birth.

Working in an interventional laboratory may lead to health problems
Frequent use of lead aprons to protect medical professionals in the interventional lab and radiology departments from radiation exposure is associated with increased musculoskeletal pain, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

LSU Health New Orleans signs deal with biosciences startup
The Office of Technology Management at LSU Health New Orleans has finalized a deal with CB BioSciences, Inc., a startup drug development company to build a platform around the intellectual property portfolio of Chu Chen, Ph.D., LSU Health New Orleans Professor of Neuroscience.

Baby formula poses higher arsenic risk to newborns than breast milk, Dartmouth study shows
In the first US study of urinary arsenic in babies, Dartmouth College researchers found that formula-fed infants had higher arsenic levels than breast-fed infants, and that breast milk itself contained very low arsenic concentrations.

Great Barrier Reef corals eat plastic
Researchers in Australia have found that corals commonly found on the Great Barrier Reef will eat micro-plastic pollution.

Men who have had testicular cancer are more likely to develop prostate cancer
A case-control study of close to 180,000 men suggests that the incidence of prostate cancer is higher among men with a history of testicular cancer (12.6 percent) than among those without a history of testicular cancer (2.8 percent).

Why don't more women rise to leadership positions in academic medicine?
Even as more women are pursuing careers in academic medicine, and now comprise 20 percent of full-time faculty in medical schools, they are not rising to senior leadership positions in similar numbers as men.

Magnetic nanoparticles could stop blood clot-caused strokes
By loading magnetic nanoparticles with drugs and dressing them in biochemical camouflage, Houston Methodist researchers say they can destroy blood clots 100 to 1,000 times faster than a commonly used clot-busting technique.

Scientists find a key protein that allows Plavix to conquer platelets
UNC School of Medicine researchers found that the blood platelet protein Rasa3 is critical to the success of the common anti-platelet drug Plavix, which breaks up blood clots during heart attacks and other arterial diseases.

Hidden in plain sight: Amazonian bird chick mimics toxic caterpillar to avoid being eaten
A unique nesting strategy has been observed in a species of tropical bird.

UK 'fit note' linked to fewer people taking long-term sick leave
There is some evidence that the UK 'fit note,' which replaced the 'sick note' in 2010 in the UK, is linked to fewer people taking long term sick leave of 12 or more weeks, reveals research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Interventions lower diabetes risk in women who had gestational diabetes
Women with a history of gestational diabetes face a heightened risk of developing Type 2 diabetes for years after giving birth, but intensive lifestyle intervention or a medication regimen can have a protective effect in this population, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Radio chip for the 'Internet of things'
A circuit that reduces power leakage when transmitters are idle could greatly extend battery life.

'Massive' tobacco industry third party lobbying for revised European Directive
The tobacco industry deployed 'massive' third party lobbying to subvert revised European regulations on tobacco products, helped by regulatory reforms that seem to have made it easier for corporate interests to influence public health legislation, reveals research published online in Tobacco Control.

Canada must ensure all orphan drugs are priced fairly to allow patient access
In developing an orphan drug policy, Canada must ensure that all orphan drugs for rare diseases -- both old and future drugs -- should be priced fairly so that Canadians may access life-saving therapy, argue authors of an analysis published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Community-led marine reserve produces benefits for fisheries and conservation
The first and only fully protected marine reserve in Scotland is continuing to provide benefits for fisheries and conservation, according to new research by the University of York.

CSIC researchers find how a drug for osteoporosis is effective to treat a rare disease
Researchers at the Spanish National Research Council have found that the bazedoxifene acetate, used to treat osteoporosis, is useful to treat a rare disease, the hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Bribery 'hits 1.6 billion people a year'
A total of 1.6 billion people worldwide -- nearly a quarter of the global population -- are forced to pay bribes to gain access to everyday public services, according to a new book by academics at the Universities of Strathclyde and Birmingham.

Immunization rates improve with centralized reminder system
Childhood immunization rates would improve with a centralized notification system that reminded families when immunizations were due, according to a new study, published online by JAMA Pediatrics, developed by researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Antibiotics give rise to new communities of harmful bacteria
Most people have taken an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection.

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass
University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum.

Study shows how the brain can trigger a deep sleep
The new study, which explored how sedatives work in the brain's neural pathways, could lead to better remedies for insomnia and more effective anesthetic drugs.

Study finds peanut consumption in infancy prevents peanut allergy
Introduction of peanut products into the diets of infants at high risk of developing peanut allergy was safe and led to an 81 percent reduction in the subsequent development of the allergy, a clinical trial has found.

Parasitism runs deep in malaria's family tree
The ancestors of a large family of parasites -- including those that cause malaria -- were equipped to become parasites much earlier in their lineage than previously assumed, according to University of British Columbia research.

Motor proteins prefer slow, steady movement
A new theoretical approach clarifies interactions between motor proteins and yields the discovery that both weak and strong forces influence how they keep a cell's transport system robust.

Investigational drug can reduce asthma flareups
An investigational drug appears to cut the risk of severe asthma attacks in half for patients who have difficulty controlling the disorder with standard medications, according to results from two multicenter clinical trials headed by Mario Castro, M.D., at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Carnivorous plant packs big wonders into tiny genome
Great, wonderful, wacky things can come in small genomic packages.

Georgetown consensus group issues recommendations for NIH on diversity of sex in research
A diverse group of experts from academia, industry and advocacy is offering recommendations to the National Institutes of Health as the federal research institution works to increase the inclusion of female animal models and achieve a balance in the use of male and female cells and animals in preclinical studies.

Early consumption of peanuts prevents peanut allergy in high-risk infants
A study reported today in the New England Journal of Medicine demonstrates that consumption of a peanut-containing snack by infants who are at high-risk for developing peanut allergy prevents the subsequent development of allergy.

Small loop in human prion protein prevents chronic wasting disease
Chronic wasting disease affects North American elk and deer, but has not been observed in humans.

Speaking freely
Two new studies from University of California Santa Barbara researchers provide new insight into the treatment of stuttering as well as understanding its physiological basis.

Research with space explorers may one day heal Earth's warriors
A study into a key bone-growing protein was recently funded to take place in orbit aboard the space station.

Study outlines threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US
Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry (primarily oysters and clams) are at long-term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification, a new report concludes.

Resolving to stay fit in space and on Earth
Astronauts on the International Space Station are working to keep their hearts healthy this American Heart Month, and at the same time, they are generating data to advance knowledge of health and fitness in space and on Earth.

A sense of taste: Psychology professor examines the taste system
University of Virginia psychology professor David Hill operates one of the few labs in the world to study the development of taste.

Customized DNA rings aid early cancer detection in mice, Stanford study finds
Stanford University School of Medicine investigators administered a customized genetic construct consisting of tiny rings of DNA, called DNA minicircles, to mice.

Sunitinib, sorafenib of no benefit in ECOG-ACRIN renal cell trial
Research results highlighted today at the press conference of a major medical meeting report no benefit from the use of either Sutent (sunitinib) or Nexavar (sorafenib) among patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma at high risk of recurrence, the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group announced.

Help is just a call away for mothers with postnatal depression
New research reveals that telephone-based peer support may help reduce postnatal depression, also known as postpartum depression, in new mothers.

University of Tennessee professor receives prestigious award for ocean science work
Karen Lloyd's work with subsea floor mud and frozen Siberian soil has earned her an extraordinarily competitive award.

Bacteria network for food
It is well-known that bacteria can support each others' growth and exchange nutrients.

Small predator diversity is an important part of a healthy ecosystem
Biodiversity, including small predators such as dragonflies and other aquatic bugs that attack and consume parasites, may improve the health of amphibians, according to a team of researchers.

Sloan Research Fellowships awarded to 126 young scholars
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is pleased to announce the selection of 126 outstanding US and Canadian researchers as recipients of the 2015 Sloan Research Fellowships.

Homeless people with mental illness have higher 30-year risk of serious cardiovascular disease, research finds
Homeless people with mental disease have a greater than double risk of developing serious or fatal cardiovascular disease over 30 years than people of the same age and gender with no risk factors for the disease, new research has found.

Want to get drivers' attention? Use road signs showing more action
Researchers from the University of Michigan and BYU have discovered a way to provide a little extra cushion when it comes to near-accidents.

Study: Advocacy, race affect flu vaccination rates
A doctor's recommendation and a patient's race may influence flu vaccination rates, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

University of Iowa expert to testify before Presidential 21st century policing panel
A University of Iowa expert on policing will share her planned national initiative to improve police officers' health and wellness to President Obama's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, meeting in Washington on Monday, Feb.

Brain makes decisions with same method used to break WW2 Enigma code
When making simple decisions, neurons in the brain apply the same statistical trick used by Alan Turing to help break Germany's Enigma code during World War II.

New support for parents or caregivers of adolescents with eating disorders
Unveiled as part of a national research project, a new educational website targets parents or caregivers of children between 9-18 years of age who are suffering from an eating disorder.

New study: Agriculture expansion in Tanzania may greatly increase human plague risk
The push to boost food production in East Africa that is accelerating the conversion of natural lands into croplands may be significantly increasing the risk of plague according to a new study published online today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

HIV transmission at each step of the care continuum in the United States
Individuals infected but undiagnosed with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and those individuals diagnosed with HIV but not yet in medical care accounted for more than 90 percent of the estimated 45,000 HIV transmissions in 2009, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Molecular link between obesity and type 2 diabetes reveals potential therapy
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that the inflammatory molecule LTB4 promotes insulin resistance, a first step in developing type 2 diabetes.

Wisdom teeth stem cells can transform into cells that could treat corneal scarring
Stem cells from the dental pulp of wisdom teeth can be coaxed to become cells of the eye's cornea and could one day be used to repair corneal scarring due to infection or injury, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Small molecule might help reduce cancer in at-risk population, Stanford study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that by changing the selectivity of an enzyme, a small molecule could potentially be used to decrease the likelihood of alcohol-related cancers in an at-risk population.

Americans say Congress must act to assure patients benefit from new treatments
Majorities across the political spectrum say it is important that the new 114th Congress takes action on assuring the discovery, development and delivery of treatments and cures for diseases in the first 100 days of the legislative session, according to America Speaks, Volume 15, a compilation of public opinion polls commissioned by Research!America.

Professional associations call for policies to reduce firearm injuries, deaths in US
ACP and other national health organizations and the American Bar Association release key principles and consensus-based recommendations.

3-D printed guides can help restore function in damaged nerves
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have succeeded in using a 3-D printed guide to help nerves damaged in traumatic incidents repair themselves.

Active surveillance of intermediate-risk prostate cancer associated with decreased survival
An analysis of data on 945 patients with prostate cancer that is managed with active surveillance shows differences in outcomes depending on whether the patient was low or intermediate risk at diagnosis.

Long-term nitrogen fertilizer use disrupts plant-microbe mutualisms
When exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes -- the plants they normally serve, researchers report in a new study.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Feb. 23, 2015
The Feb. 23, 2015, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine includes: 'Eight health professional organizations and the American Bar Association call for policies to reduce gun injuries and deaths in the US'; and 'Hospitalized victims of gun violence more likely to become repeat victims or perpetrators themselves.'

Stretch and relax! -- Losing 1 electron switches magnetism on in dichromium
An international team of scientists from Berlin, Freiburg and Fukuoka has provided the first direct experimental insight into the secret quantum life of dichromium.

Certain factors influence whether cancer patients involve family members in treatment decisions
Family members often play an important role in providing care for patients with cancer, but which patients are more or less likely to involve family members in decisions regarding their care is not well known.

Study sheds light on a 'guardian' protein of brain function
The critical role of CHIP was reported recently in the journal Antioxidants and Redox Signaling by researchers at Vanderbilt University.

Resistance to aspirin tied to more severe strokes
People who exhibit a resistance to aspirin may be more likely to have more severe strokes than people who still respond to the drug, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 67th Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., April 18-25, 2015.

Physicians performing breast exams may miss masses deep in breast
Many physicians who tested their breast-examination skills on a new type of pressure-sensing breast model failed to detect masses deep in the breast because they were not pressing hard enough, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Register now for ErgoX: An extraordinary ergonomics event
The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society is excited to announce ErgoX, an interactive two-day conference that aims to provide safety specialists and ergonomists with practical, usable, and impactful solutions to workplace issues in a wide range of office and industrial settings.

Discovery of the genetic fingerprint of aggressive colon tumors
Scientists are currently developing a test that enables the identification of patients at risk of relapse after surgical removal of a tumor by measuring four to six genes expressed by the tumor microenvironment.

Study tested centralized system for reminding families about immunizations
A centralized notification system to remind families about childhood immunizations run in collaboration with public health departments and physician practices was modestly more effective than a practice-based notification system, which few practices implemented, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Keep calm, anger can trigger a heart attack!
University of Sydney research reveals that the risk of a heart attack is 8.5 times higher in the two hours following a burst of intense anger.

New products from bark to replace fossil compounds
In collaboration with its partners, VTT developed tannin extraction from softwood bark as part of an ERA-NET project.

NASA satellite sees a warm winter in the western US
While people in the eastern two-thirds of the US have been dealing with Arctic Air, the bulge in the Jet Stream over the eastern Pacific Ocean has been keeping the western third of the US in warmer than normal temperatures over the last two months.

Preliminary results of the JIKI clinical trial against Ebola test the efficacy of favipiravir in reducing mortality in individuals infected by Ebola virus in Guinea
Preliminary data from the JIKI clinical trial, which is testing the efficacy of favipiravir in reducing mortality associated with Ebola, provide two important pieces of information: absence of efficacy in individuals who arrive at treatment centers with a very high level of viral replication and who already have serious visceral involvement; and encouraging signs of efficacy in individuals arriving at treatment centers with a high or moderate level of viral replication, who have not yet developed overly severe visceral lesions.

Via laser into the past of the oceans
Using cutting edge technologies experts of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel together with colleagues from the UK, Canada and the United States were able to reconstruct pH values of the Northern Pacific with a high resolution since the end of the 19th century.

3-D printed, mechanically robust carrier used to deliver immunosuppressive drug, and cells
After a 3-D printer was used to create a micro but mechanically robust drug and cell carrier for local and sustained delivery of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine, researchers demonstrated in tests with animal models that the carrier, a combination of microspheres and hydrogel, maintained robust shape and integrity and delivered a local, sustained release of CsA in an amount that prevented acceleration of cytokines and overcame the need for additional drugs to treat immune rejection.

Your privacy online: Health information at serious risk of abuse
There is a significant risk to your privacy whenever you visit a health-related web page.

USF biologists: Reductions in biodiversity can elevate disease risk
Using a combination of experiments, field studies, and mathematical models, University of South Florida biologists and colleagues from four other universities show that having an abundance and diversity of predators -- such as dragonflies, damselflies, and aquatic bugs -- to eat parasites is good for the health of amphibians, a group of animals experiencing worldwide population declines.

Two NYU faculty win Sloan Foundation research fellowships
Two NYU faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P.

Study nearly triples the locations in the human genome that harbor microRNAs
Researchers find many new gene-regulating molecules that are tissue and human specific.

Androgen receptor abnormality may not be associated
Findings from a small prospective study suggest that androgen receptor V7 (or AR-V7) status does not significantly affect response to taxane chemotherapy in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Michael Halassa awarded prestigious Sloan Research Fellowship
Michael M. Halassa, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor, Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Physiology at NYU Langone Medical Center's Neuroscience Institute, has been selected as a winner of the 2015 Sloan Research Fellowship.

Flawed method puts tiger rise in doubt, calls for new approach
Flaws in a method commonly used in censuses of tigers and other rare wildlife put the accuracy of such surveys in doubt, a new study suggests.

Scientists discover bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for the reef community
The study reports finding significant accumulations of polyphosphate granules in three common sponge species of the Caribbean coral reef, indicating that microorganisms that live on marine sponges are pulling phosphorus out of the water to feed themselves and survive in a deep-water environment where very few nutrients are available.

Research shows that sea urchins, sand dollars thrived with time
New work on echinoids -- marine animals like sea urchins and sand dollars -- gives scientists a reason to rethink a classical pattern of evolution.

One in 4 patients who visited emergency department for chest pain did not receive follow-up care
Patients with multiple health issues and who are at higher risk of adverse events are less likely to receive follow-up care from a physician after visiting an emergency department for chest pain, reports a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Adjuvant sorafenib and sunitinib do not improve outcomes in locally advanced kidney cancer
Findings from a federally funded study suggest that patients with locally advanced kidney cancer should not be treated with either adjuvant (post-surgery) sorafenib or sunitinib.

CSIC researchers find how a drug for osteoporosis is effective to treat a rare disease
Researchers at the Spanish National Research Council have found that the Bazedoxifene acetate, used to treat osteoporosis, is useful to treat a rare disease, the hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Climate science literacy unrelated to public acceptance of human-caused global warming
Deep public divisions over climate change are unrelated to differences in how well ordinary citizens understand scientific evidence on global warming.

Bar-Ilan University neuroscientists literally change the way we think
Does your mind wander when performing monotonous, repetitive tasks? Of course!

Researchers pin down genetic pathways linked to CF disease severity
Mutation of one gene is all it takes to get cystic fibrosis, but disease severity depends on many other genes and proteins.

Sauna use associated with reduced risk of cardiac, all-cause mortality
A sauna may do more than just make you sweat.

Eating peanut at an early age prevents peanut allergy in high-risk infants
New evidence shows that the majority of infants at high-risk of developing peanut allergy are protected from peanut allergy at age 5 years if they eat peanut frequently, starting within the first 11 months of life.

What factors motivate people to text while driving?
Nearly a third of adult drivers text while driving, despite the increased risk of accidents, stricter laws against it, and many awareness-raising efforts.

Early evidence of increase in higher-risk prostate cancers from 2011-2013
An analysis of data on roughly 87,500 men treated for prostate cancer since 2005 finds a notable increase in higher-risk cases of the disease between 2011 and 2013.

Intense anger associated with high risk of heart attack
The risk of heart attack has been found to be 8.5 times higher in the two hours following an acute episode of anger than during the 'usual frequency' patterns of anger.

New study finds same patient mortality rates for experienced and new surgeons
There is no statistical difference between the patient mortality rates of new and experienced surgeons a study using a newly developed statistical methodology and conducted by a research team comprised of medical doctors and statisticians has found.

La Nina-like conditions associated with 2,500-year-long shutdown of coral reef growth
A new study has found that La Nina-like conditions in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Panama were closely associated with an abrupt shutdown in coral reef growth that lasted 2,500 years.

India automaker's chairman emeritus to receive honorary degree at S.C. Auto Summit
Clemson University will honor chairman emeritus of India's Tata Motors Ratan Tata with an honorary Doctorate of Automotive Engineering at the S.C.

AIBS names emerging public policy leaders
The American Institute of Biological Sciences has selected two graduate students to receive the 2015 AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award.

Water fluoridation in England linked to higher rates of underactive thyroid
Water fluoridation above a certain level is linked to 30 percent higher than expected rates of underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) in England, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

The chemistry of blue jeans, the pants that changed the world (video)
You might have a pair of them on right now, or maybe you have to wait until casual Friday.

Should paramedics be allowed to give antibiotics to trauma victims?
In trauma victims with open fractures, infection rates can be reduced dramatically by administering antibiotics within the first hour of injury.

Great gaps persist in state safety nets, interactive policy tool shows
The 50-State Policy Tracker, a unique online tool for comparing safety net policies that are critical to the economic security of working families, reveals striking variation among states.

Retracing the roots of fungal symbioses
In the roots of host plants, mycorrhizal fungi exchange the sugars plants produce for nutrients they absorb from the soil.

New assistive equipment to maximize human sensorimotor function
A prototype for wearable equipment to support human motion has been developed at Hiroshima University, Japan.

Reconstructing topsy-turvy paleoclimate of western US 21,000 years ago
Researchers have created the first comprehensive map of the topsy-turvy climate in the western US, 21,000 years ago when Southwest was wet and the Northwest was dry and are using it to test and improve the global climate models that have been developed to predict how precipitation patterns will change in the future.

Two new potato varieties of great nutritional value
Potatoes, an essential food in human nutrition, have two new varieties.

Virginia Tech researchers discover possible drug target to combat sleeping sickness
Scientists identified a possible way to keep the parasite that transmits sleeping sickness from reproducing, reducing the health dangers to its human hosts.

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms
Rice University physicist Randy Hulet and his collaborators have used ultracold lithium atoms to create a state of matter that may help solve some of the mysteries of high-temperature superconductivity.

Epigenome orchestrates embryonic development
Studying zebrafish embryos, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

How brain waves guide memory formation
MIT researchers found that two brain regions that are key to learning -- the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex -- use two different brain-wave frequencies to communicate as the brain learns to associate unrelated objects.

Diet high in red meat may make kidney disease worse
An estimated 26 million people in the United States have chronic kidney disease, which can lead to complete kidney failure.

Disparities in breast cancer care linked to net worth
Household net worth is a major and overlooked factor in adherence to hormonal therapy among breast cancer patients and partially explains racial disparities in quality of care. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to