Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 27, 2015
Researchers detail reasons for ibrutinib therapy discontinuation in CLL
About 10 percent of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia discontinued therapy with the Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug ibrutinib because of disease progression during clinical trials, according to a study published online in JAMA Oncology by scientists at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Arthur G.

Modern logging techniques benefit rainforest wildlife
New research has highlighted the value of a modern logging technique for maintaining biodiversity in tropical forests that are used for timber production.

Zombie outbreak? Statistical mechanics reveal the ideal hideout
A team of Cornell University researchers focusing on a fictional zombie outbreak as an approach to disease modeling suggests heading for the hills, in the Rockies, to save your brains from the undead.

Salish Sea seagull populations halved since 1980s
The number of seagulls in the Strait of Georgia is down by 50 per cent from the 1980s and University of British Columbia researchers say the decline reflects changes in the availability of food.

Yes, we can stop viruses such as Ebola and rabies -- here's how
With a group of like-minded scientists, editors Asit K. Pattanaik and Michael Whitt have compiled a timely publication entitled 'Biology and Pathogenesis of Rhabdo- and Filoviruses' discussing the most recent findings on processes and current status of development of vaccines and antivirals to mitigate the diseases caused by viruses like Ebola and rabies.

A model to simulate power fluctuations in large grids of photovoltaic stations is patented
IƱigo de la Parra Laita, an industrial engineer of the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre, has developed a model that has been patented and which is capable of simulating fluctuations in photovoltaic power.

New approach to assessing effectiveness of anti-cancer drugs
Manchester scientists have a developed a new method to monitor the effect of anti-cancer drugs on very rare leukaemia stem cells.

HIV controls its activity independent of host cells
A major hurdle to curing people of HIV infection is the way the virus hides in a reservoir composed primarily of dormant immune cells.

First detailed microscopy evidence of bacteria at the lower size limit of life
Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get.

NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Glenda stretching out
NASA's Terra satellite revealed that Tropical Cyclone Glenda was being stretched out by wind shear on Feb.

Aggressive boys tend to develop into physically stronger teens
Boys who show aggressive tendencies develop greater physical strength as teenagers than boys who are not aggressive, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

JRC Annual Report 2014 is now available
The Annual Report giving an overview of the JRC work in 2014 has been published.

Personality and place: New insights on person-environment links
Four presentations showcase cutting-edge research that investigates how traits are spatially and geographically clustered, what mechanisms drive the uneven distribution of traits, and the consequences of these spatial patterns.

Women veterans younger, more depressed when referred for heart test
Women veterans face a different home front battle with heart disease.

New compounds protect nervous system from the structural damage of MS
A newly characterized group of pharmacological compounds block both the inflammation and nerve cell damage seen in mouse models of multiple sclerosis, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published online this week in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

UT Arlington study shows employees become angry when receiving after-hours email, texts
People who receive electronic correspondence from work after hours become angry more often than not and that can interfere with their personal lives, a new study from a management researcher at The University of Texas at Arlington shows.

Untangling DNA with a droplet of water, a pipet and a polymer
Researchers have long sought an efficient way to untangle DNA to study its structure -- neatly unraveled and straightened out -- under a microscope.

Mount Sinai researchers find chemotherapy after bladder cancer surgery improved survival
Patients that received chemotherapy after bladder cancer surgery demonstrated an approximately 30 percent lower risk of death than those that underwent surgery alone.

UT Dallas study challenges theory on unconscious memory system
A new study by a UT Dallas researcher challenges a long-accepted scientific theory about the role the hippocampus plays in our unconscious memory.

Quality control for adult stem cell treatment
A team of European researchers has devised a strategy to ensure that adult epidermal stem cells are safe before they are used as treatments for patients.

Hospitals participating in ACS NSQIP significantly improve surgical outcomes over time
The majority of hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project improve surgical outcomes over time, and improvement continues with each year that hospitals participate in the program, according to a new study published online today in Annals of Surgery.

Disease, evolution, drugs: Fruit fly research continues to teach us about human biology
Over 1,500 scientists from 30 countries and 46 states will attend next week's 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference organized by the Genetics Society of America (GSA) in Chicago.

Saving energy: Increasing oil flow in the Keystone pipeline with electric fields
A strong electric field applied to a section of the Keystone pipeline can smooth oil flow and yield significant pump energy savings.

Calling the shots: The brain's decision-making structure
A key part of the brain involved with decisions and movement appears to operate like a traditional corporation.

Crohn's disease not exempt from racial disparities
A study found significant differences in hospital re-admissions, medication usage, and both medical and surgical complications of children with Crohn's disease related to race.

Disney's computer-assisted authoring tools help to create complex interactive narratives
Visitors to interactive virtual worlds want the ability to significantly affect the outcome of a story, but authoring these digital experiences is extremely complex.

Predicting human crowds with statistical physics
A general law of how pedestrians interact in a crowd can be used to create realistic crowds in virtual reality games and to make public spaces safer.

The sun has more impact on the climate in cool periods
The activity of the sun is an important factor in the complex interaction that controls our climate.

Drug research and development more efficient than expected
Despite ever increasing regulation in drug approval and the rising costs of research, drug research and development remains unexpectedly efficient.

Liberia-US clinical research partnership opens trial to test Ebola treatments
In partnership with the Liberian government, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases today launched a clinical trial to obtain safety and efficacy data on the investigational drug ZMapp as a treatment for Ebola virus disease.

Enhancing studies on a possible blood biomarker for traumatic brain injury
New technology being introduced at NYU Langone Medical Center could help researchers advance blood biomarker capabilities that show changes in low concentrations of specific proteins present following a neurological injury.

QR codes with advanced imaging and photon encryption protect computer chips
Engineers at the University of Connecticut have taken the ordinary QR code and transformed it into a high-end cybersecurity application that can protect the integrity of computer chips using advanced optical imaging and photon-based encryption.

Feast-and-famine diet could extend life, study shows
Think of it as interval training for the dinner table.

The biobattery
Sewage sludge, green waste, production residue from the food industry, straw or animal excrement -- with the 'biobattery's' modular concept a much larger range of biomass can be utilized for energy recovery than previously.

Newly discovered algal species helps corals survive in the hottest reefs on the planet
A new species of algae has been discovered in reef corals of the Persian Gulf where it helps corals to survive seawater temperatures of up to 36 degrees Celsius -- temperatures that would kill corals elsewhere.

A new ultrasensitive test for peanut allergies
UConn chemists have developed a new test for peanut allergies that can not only tell whether someone is allergic, it can also determine how intense their allergic reaction will be.

New filter could advance terahertz data transmission
For wireless communication in the long-sought terahertz range, University of Utah engineers have devised a frequency filter that can be fabricated with an inkjet printer.

Scientists discover robust evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome is a biological illness
Researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health identified distinct immune changes in patients diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome, known medically as myalgic encephalomyelitis or systemic exertion intolerance disease.

Suicide rates rising for older US adults
Suicide rates for adults 40-64 years of age in the US have risen about 40 percent since 1999, with a sharp rise since 2007.

New breast cancer test links immune 'hotspots' to better survival
Scientists have developed a new test which can predict the survival chances of women with breast cancer by analyzing images of 'hotspots' where there has been a fierce immune reaction to a tumor.

The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education honors new awardees
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- is proud to announce its newest awardees.

Ensuring security for networks of the future
Company networks are inflexible -- they are made up of many components that require a good deal of effort to be connected together.

Can money buy happiness?: The relationship between money and well-being
Four presentations during the symposium 'Happy Money 2.0: New Insights Into the Relationship Between Money and Well-Being,' delve into the effects of experiential purchases, potential negative impacts on abundance, the psychology of lending to friends, and how the wealthy think differently about well-being.

Anderson Algorithm increases surgical success with advanced ovarian cancer
A surgical algorithm developed and implemented by ovarian cancer specialists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center dramatically increases the frequency of complete removal of all visible tumor -- a milestone strongly tied to improved survival.

A study relates the level of pollutants accumulated in the body with obesity levels
A team of Spanish scientists, which includes several researchers from the University of Granada, has confirmed that there is a relation between the levels of certain environmental pollutants that a person accumulates in his or her body and their level of obesity.

Wind-powered freighters
To make ships more eco-efficient, engineers have been working with alternative fuels.

Shake it off? Not so easy for people with depression, new brain research suggests
Rejected by a person you like? Just 'shake it off' and move on, as music star Taylor Swift says.

Study: High stress for new mothers increases secondhand smoke risk for infants
A University of Kansas study found mothers with a high level of prenatal social stressors -- including possibly less control over their own housing situation or economic distress -- had 2.5 times higher odds to have only a partial or no restriction on smoking in their home than those with no stressors, which increases secondhand smoke risk.

Finding psychological insights through social media
Four speakers will be presenting their research during the symposium 'Finding Psychological Signal in a Billion Tweets: Measurement Through the Language of Social Media,' at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology 16th Annual Convention in Long Beach, Calif.

A new tool provides maps of protein interactions for 2,800 diseases
The tool allows researchers to explore how alterations in more than 2,000 proteins affect the diverse biological functions in which these molecules are involved.

CWRU researchers bring clean energy a step closer
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have made an inexpensive metal-free catalyst that performs as well as costly metal catalysts at speeding the oxygen reduction reaction in an acidic fuel cell, and is more durable.

Beer, milk and company in bacteria quick test
To guarantee a high quality of their beer, breweries monitor the production process very closely.

Cryptochrome protein helps birds navigate via magnetic field
Researchers have found one one possible explanation for some birds' ability to sense the earth's magnetic field and use it to orient themselves: a magnetically sensitive protein called cryptochrome that mediates circadian rhythms in plants and animals.

Neurons controlling appetite made from skin cells
Researchers have for the first time successfully converted adult human skin cells into neurons of the type that regulate appetite, providing a patient-specific model for studying the neurophysiology of weight control and testing new therapies for obesity.

Life 'not as we know it' possible on Saturn's moon Titan
A new type of methane-based, oxygen-free life form that can metabolize and reproduce similar to life on Earth has been modeled by a team of Cornell University researchers.

Intimate partners with low self-esteem stay in unhappy relationships
People with low self-esteem are more likely stay in unhappy relationships, suggests new research from the University of Waterloo.

For patients with brain tumors, insurance status linked to differences in patient safety and quality of care
Patients that are on Medicaid or uninsured have higher rates of reportable patient safety and quality of care issues during hospitalization for brain tumors, reports a study in the March issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Reviving drugs with anti-stroke potential, minus side effects
Emory scientists have found NMDA receptor antagonists that can limit damage to the brain in animal models of stroke, apparently without the pronounced side effects seen with similar drugs.

PNAS announces six 2014 Cozzarelli Prize recipients
The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Editorial Board has selected six papers published by PNAS in 2014 to receive the Cozzarelli Prize.

Synthetic biology breakthrough leads to cheaper statin production
University of Manchester researchers, together with industrial partner DSM, have developed a single-step fermentative method for the production of leading cholesterol-lowering drug, pravastatin, which will facilitate industrial-scale statin drug production.

How were fossil tracks made by Early Triassic swimming reptiles so well preserved?
That swim tracks made by tetrapods occur in high numbers in deposits from the Early Triassic is well known.

Research of plain wren duets could help further understand fundamentals of conversation
The new study shows that these songbirds achieve precise coordination by adjusting the period between two consecutive phrases (inter-phrase intervals), depending on whether their song is answered, the phrase type used in the duet and the position of the inter-phrase interval within the duet.

Mystery of the reverse-wired eyeball solved
Counter-intuitively, in vertebrates photoreceptors are located behind the neurons in the back of the eye.

Breakthrough in understanding how cancer cells metastasize
A protein commonly found in human cells could be an important switch that activates cancer cell metastasis, according to a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -- The Neuro at McGill University and the MUHC.

Study examines physician-industry conflict of interest issue from MS patient perspective
A new study explores what multiple sclerosis patients know, and want to know, about their physician's financial relationship with the pharmaceutical company sponsoring a clinical trial.

The Curiosity robot confirms methane in Mars' atmosphere which may hint that existed life
The tunable laser spectrometer in the SAM, Sample Analysis at Mars, instrument of the Curiosity robot has unequivocally detected an episodic increase in the concentration of methane in Mars' atmosphere after an exhaustive analysis of data obtained during 605 soles or Martian days.
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