Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 02, 2015
Severe changes in world's leaf growth patterns over past several decades revealed
Extensive worldwide changes in the timing of leaf activity over the past few decades -- which may have significant ecological and atmospheric consequences -- have been revealed by a University of Otago, New Zealand research team analyzing satellite data from 1980 - 2012.

Mysterious microbes hold big possibilities for Sloan Research Fellow Alyson Santoro
Marine microbiologist Alyson Santoro of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science was recently awarded a prestigious Sloan Research Fellowship to study mysterious single-celled mircroorganisms called archaea.

Are doctors using unnecessary tests to diagnose chronic kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) affects 13 percent of adults in the US and is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and costs.

NYU study identifies teens at-risk for synthetic marijuana use
A new NYU study is one of the first national studies to examine risk factors for use of synthetic marijuana among a large, nationally representative sample of teens.

Infection control experts outline guidance for animal visitations in hospitals
New expert guidance by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America outlines recommendations for developing policies regarding the use of animals in healthcare facilities, including animal-assisted activities, service animals, research animals and personal pet visitation in acute care hospitals.

NSF CAREER award to Wayne State aims to determine causes of seismic anisotropy
Wayne State University's Sarah Jo Brownlee, Ph.D., assistant professor of geology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, the foundation's most prestigious accolade for up-and-coming young faculty members.

Survey of teen dating violence among US high school students
A survey of US high school students suggests that 1 in 5 female students and 1 in 10 male students who date have experienced some form of teen dating violence during the past 12 months, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Observation articles in Annals of Internal Medicine, March 3, 2015
Below is a summary of two Observation articles being featured in the next issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, including 'Is there a confidence gap between male and female medical students?' and 'Survey reveals progress and challenges of electronic health record adoption.'

Eating nuts and peanuts associated with reduced overall, cardiovascular death
Eating nuts and peanuts was associated with a reduced risk of overall death and death from cardiovascular disease across different ethnic groups and among individuals with low socioeconomic status, which suggests that peanuts, because of their affordability, may be a cost-effective measure to improve cardiovascular health, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Water in smog may reveal pollution sources
The chemical signature of water vapor emitted by combustion sources such as vehicles and furnaces has been found in the smoggy winter inversions that often choke Salt Lake City.

Sleep-walking neurons: Brain's GPS never stops working-even during sleep
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found that navigational brain cells that help sense direction are as electrically active during deep sleep as they are during wake time -- and have visual and vestibular cues to guide them.

Study shows minors easily able to purchase electronic cigarettes online
Teenagers in North Carolina were easily able to buy electronic cigarettes online because both Internet vendors and shipping companies failed to verifying ages in a study that assessed compliance with North Carolina's 2013 e-cigarette age-verification law, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

10th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting
Register now for 10th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting.

A change in thought on Earth's core formation
Violent collisions between the growing Earth and other objects in the solar system generated significant amounts of iron vapor, according to a new study by LLNL scientist Richard Kraus and colleagues.

Family log of spring's arrival helps predict climate-driven change
Rare historic records of the changing seasons are helping scientists better understand how woodland trees and flowers are responding to climate change.

When I'm 64 -- I'll still have hot flashes?
Some 40 percent of women 60 to 65 years old still have hot flashes.

Case study: Nebraska's Ebola isolation and decontamination approach
The Nebraska Biocontainment Unit, located at the Nebraska Medical Center, has shared its protocol for Ebola patient discharge, handling a patient's body after death and environmental disinfection in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

The first ever photograph of light as a particle and a wave
Light behaves both as a particle and as a wave.

Are e-cigarettes safer than the real thing? (video)
Electronic cigarettes have exploded in popularity in recent months. People have turned to 'vaping' as an alternative to puffing on the real thing.

On-board school bus filtration system reduces pollutants by 88 percent
An on-board air filtration system developed specifically for school buses reduces exposure to vehicular pollutants by up to 88 percent.

The environment may change, but the microbiome of queen bees does not
Researchers have characterized the gut microbiome of honey bee queens.

Mutation may cause early loss of sperm supply
Problems in a gene responsible for producing the protein TAF4b leave mice -- and maybe men -- unable to sustain sperm production.

Risks of taking paracetamol long-term may have been underestimated by clinicians
Doctors may have underestimated the risks for patients who take paracetamol long-term, suggests research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Teenager with stroke symptoms actually had Lyme disease
A Swiss teenager, recently returned home from a discotheque, came to the emergency department with classic sudden symptoms of stroke, only to be diagnosed with Lyme disease.

UT research: Conservation organizations need to keep up with nature
A new paper authored by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville, professor suggests that in order to cope, conservation organizations need to adapt like the organisms they seek to protect.

UW researchers develop new approach to diagnosing TB -- oral swabs
Drawing inspiration from veterinary medicine, researchers at the University of Washington have helped developed a new prospective approach to diagnosing tuberculosis -- easy-to-obtain oral swab samples, greatly improving on standard diagnostics.

Spurring production of a sluggish enzyme for crop yields
Australian scientists have found a way to improve production of the Rubisco enzyme, essential to plant growth.

Poll finds US public sees ill health as resulting from a broad range of causes
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health poll finds that more than six in 10 people living in the US are concerned about their future health.

Treadmill performance predicts mortality
Analyzing data from 58,000 heart stress tests, Johns Hopkins cardiologists report they have developed a formula that estimates one's risk of dying over a decade based on a person's ability to exercise on a treadmill at an increasing speed and incline.

Psychology has important role in changing cancer landscape
Psychology has played, and will continue to play, a critical role in cancer prevention, treatment and control, according to the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association.

Pediatricians face increasing pressure to delay vaccinations
Pediatricians are facing increasing pressure from some parents who want to spread out the recommended vaccine schedule for their children by postponing vaccines, pointing to a need for improved programs that support timely vaccinations, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine at the Anschutz Medical Campus.

Sizing up cells: Study finds possible regulator of growth
Modern biology has attained deep knowledge of how cells work, but the mechanisms by which cellular structures assemble and grow to the right size largely remain a mystery.

Supersonic electrons could produce future solar fuel
Researchers from institutions including Lund University have taken a step closer to producing solar fuel using artificial photosynthesis.

Smart crystallization
The first semi-liquid, non-protein nucleating agent for automated protein crystallization trials is described.

Alcohol screening and intervention for risky drinking: A guide for physicians
A new review in the Canadian Medical Association Journal provides tips for physicians to help patients cut down on excessive alcohol use and is aimed at health care providers who are not addiction specialists.

Researchers propose novel new treatment of stroke and other neurological diseases
Medicine should reconsider how it treats stroke and other neurological disorders, focusing on the intrinsic abilities of the brain and nervous system to heal themselves rather than the 'modest' benefits of clot-busting drugs and other neuroprotective treatments.

Sall4 is required for DNA repair in stem cells
A protein that helps embryonic stem cells retain their identity also promotes DNA repair.

New views of enzyme structures offer insights into metabolism of cholesterol, other lipids
With the aid of X-ray crystallography, researchers at the University of Michigan have revealed the structures of two closely related enzymes that play essential roles in the body's ability to metabolize excess lipids, including cholesterol.

Hormone-disrupting chemicals and climate change increase risk of extinction in wildlife
The impact of pollution on wildlife could be made dramatically worse by climate change according to a new study published today in the journal PNAS.

Penn study: Successful cognitive behavioral therapy in youth equals decreased thinking about suicide
Penn Medicine researchers found that patients who did not respond to cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety in childhood had more chronic and enduring patterns of suicidal ideation at 7 to 19 years after treatment.

Reducing animal testing for skin allergies
The JRC has validated and recommended a new method which is not based on animal testing, to identify chemicals that can trigger skin allergies, estimated to affect already 20 percent of the population in Europe.

Researchers identify the mitochondrial 'shield' that helps cancer cells survive
Scientists have moved closer to understanding why cancer cells can be so resilient, even when faced with the onslaught of nearly toxic drug cocktails, radiation, and even our own immune systems.

First outpatient hip replacement in NYC performed at NYU Langone Medical Center
NYU Langone Medical Center in January became the first academic medical center in the New York City area to initiate an outpatient hip replacement program after successfully discharging a patient the same day of surgery.

Patent awarded for compounds that inhibit biofilm formation and persistence
University of Maryland researchers have developed chemical compounds that enhance the effectiveness of conventional antibiotics and inhibit the formation and persistence of biofilms.

Johns Hopkins researchers identify key to tuberculosis resistance
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have now uncovered how a bacterial molecule controls the body's response to TB infection and suggest that adjusting the level of this of this molecule may be a new way to treat the disease.

Core work: Iron vapor gives clues to formation of Earth and moon
One of the world's most powerful radiation sources provides scientists clues about Earth's formation and how iron vaporizes.

Hawaii physician honored with prestigious award
A dedicated University of Hawaii Cancer Center professor was honored with a distinguished award for his commitment to cancer research and patient care.

Alzheimer's amyloid clumps found in young adult brains
Amyloid -- an abnormal protein that's a hallmark of Alzheimer's -- starts accumulating inside neurons of people as young as 20, reports a study.

International research partnership tricks the light fantastic
A manipulation of light through tiny technology could lead to big benefits for everything from TVs to microscopes.

Results challenge conventional wisdom about where the brain processes visual information
Results of a brain mapping study challenge conventional wisdom that the 'magic' which transforms visual information into the three-dimensional world that we perceive all occurs in the visual cortex.

Vanderbilt-led study finds peanut consumption decreases mortality
Researchers at Vanderbilt University and the Shanghai Cancer Institute examined the association of nut consumption with mortality among low-income and racially diverse populations and found that intake of peanuts was associated with fewer deaths, especially from heart disease.

Clever application of magnetic force enhances laparoscopic surgery
A team of Vanderbilt engineers is using magnetic force to design new and improved instruments for minimally invasive surgery.

Fighting a worm with its own genome
Tiny parasitic hookworms infect nearly half a billion people worldwide -- almost exclusively in developing countries -- causing health problems ranging from gastrointestinal issues to cognitive impairment and stunted growth in children.

UC3M develops the first European technological ecosystem to foment active aging
Action for Healthy Ageing is the name of the first European ecosystem for promoting healthy, active aging using new technologies.

Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink
A new study published today in Nature Plants shows that hungry, plant-eating insects may limit the ability of forests to take up elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, reducing their capacity to slow human-driven climate change.

VTT is developing automated reading recommendations for Norwegian media
VTT is developing methods for automatically recommending articles and advertisements for readers of online newspapers in a project led by the Norwegian Adressavisen newspaper.

Protections, not money, can boost internal corporate whistleblowing
Research finds that strong, reliable anti-retaliation policies can encourage employees to notify internal authorities of possible wrongdoing, but that offering monetary incentives does not necessarily influence whistleblowing behavior -- or at least not right away.

New insight into antibiotic resistance strengthens call for increased focus on research
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have identified a new mechanism of antibiotic resistance in bacterial cells which could help us in understanding, and developing solutions to, the growing problem of antibiotic resistance.

New target identified in fight against Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis
Highlighting a potential target in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that triggering a protein found on the surface of brain cells may help slow the progression of these and other neurological diseases.

Cerebral blood flow as a possible marker for concussion outcomes
A new imaging study suggests that cerebral blood flow recovery in the brain could be a biomarker of outcomes in patients following concussion, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology.

Society of Interventional Radiology selects 23 Fellows
Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) elevated 23 new Fellows during the society's Annual Scientific Meeting, Feb.

Link identified between virus recognition, destruction in bacterial immune system
An immune system that helps bacteria combat viruses is yielding unlikely results such as the ability to edit genome sequences and potentially correct mutations that cause human disease.

Neuron groups, not single cells, maintain brain stability
Disruptions in brain stability cause disorders such as epilepsy, but precious little is known about homeostasis, the brain's regulatory system.

Forbidden quantum leaps possible with high-res spectroscopy
A new twist on an old tool lets scientists use light to study and control matter with 1,000 times better resolution and precision than previously possible.

NTU grabs top spots at Shell Eco-marathon Asia
Students from Nanyang Technological University have done Singapore proud by coming in first in two categories at this year's Shell Eco-marathon Asia, a competition for fuel efficiency and innovation.

TSRI scientists find clues to cancer drug failure
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have published a pair of studies showing how the primary protein responsible for multidrug chemotherapy resistance changes shape and reacts to therapeutic drugs.

Understanding lung disease in aboriginal Australians
A new study has confirmed that Aboriginal Australians have low forced vital capacity -- or the amount of air that can be forcibly exhaled from the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible.

Unlocking the key to immunological memory in bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful.

Improved survival for patients with brain mets who are 50 and younger and receive SRS alone
Cancer patients with limited brain metastases -- one to four tumors -- who are 50 years old and younger should receive stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) without whole brain radiation therapy, according to a study available online, open-access, and published in the March 15, 2015 issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics.

Anxious people more apt to make bad decisions amid uncertainty
Highly anxious people have more trouble deciding how best to handle life's uncertainties.

Restoring ability to halt cell division may protect lung cells from cancer
Researchers led by a team at the University of Illinois at Chicago, have identified a novel role for a signaling mechanism in lung cells that permanently places them into a state of suspended animation called senescence.

Global Liver Cancer Conference
This event brings international scientists together to fight liver cancer.

MD Anderson study shows why some brain cancers resist treatment
Scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center may have discovered why some brain cancer patients develop resistance to standard treatments including radiation and the chemotherapy agent temozolomide.

Important step towards quantum computing: Metals at atomic scale
Topological insulators are a hot topic in materials physics. The most prominent feature of these materials is that they act as both insulators and conductors, with their interior preventing the flow of electrical currents while their edges or surfaces allow the movement of charge.

Despite federal law, some insurance exchange plans offer unequal mental health coverage
One-quarter of the health plans being sold on health insurance exchanges set up through the Affordable Care Act offer benefits that appear to violate a federal law requiring equal benefits for general medical and mental health care, according to new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Preventing the spread of cancer with copper molecules
Chemists at Bielefeld University have developed a molecule containing copper that binds specifically with DNA and prevents the spread of cancer.

Interventional radiology offers new treatment for enlarged prostates
Men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, a condition in which the prostate is enlarged but not cancerous, have a new, breakthrough treatment option.

Republicans trust science -- except when it comes to health insurance and gay adoption
A new study finds that while Democrats are generally more 'pro-science' than other political groups, Republicans are also inclined to defer to science across a range of policy issues.

Society of Interventional Radiology bestows highest honors
The Society of Interventional Radiology presented its highest honor, the SIR Gold Medal, to Johannes Lammer, M.D., FSIR; Anne C.

Moderate coffee consumption lessens risk of clogged arteries and heart attacks
People who drink a moderate amount of coffee daily are less likely to develop clogged arteries that could lead to heart attacks, reveals research published online in Heart.

How the brain's involved in wanting and having sex
A new review looks at how the brain impacts the sequence of physical and emotional changes that occur as a person participates in sexually stimulating activities.

The hidden burden of dengue fever in West Africa
Dengue is not contagious. The disease is transmitted from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Scientists override the body's inflammatory response
Scientists who have discovered the mechanism of a protein that suppresses inflammation in the body, say the information could potentially be used to develop new drugs to control inflammation.

NHS savings plan led to cuts in some 'ineffective' treatments
The drive to reduce NHS spending led to a drop in some treatments considered 'low-value,' according to new research.

New genetic syndrome found, tied to errors in 'master switch' during early development
Analyzing a puzzling multisystem disorder in three children, genetic experts have identified a new syndrome, shedding light on key biological processes during human development.

Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication
In a new study, researchers from the University of Minnesota used an ultrathin black phosphorus film -- only 20 layers of atoms -- to demonstrate high-speed data communication on nanoscale optical circuits.

Archaeologists open the mysterious lead coffin found buried just feet from the former grave of King Richard III
Richard III is the only male to be discovered at the infamous former car-park site.

Owls and lizards lend their ears for human hearing research: York U scientist
Lizards and owls are some of the animal species that can help us to better understand hearing loss in humans, according to new research out of York University's Department of Physics & Astronomy in the Faculty of Science.

How is the membrane protein folded?
A key factor in the biosynthesis and stable expression of multi-pass transmembrane proteins was discovered at Hiroshima University, Japan.

Published outcomes announced from study on adolescent bariatric surgery safety
Cardiovascular risks of severe pediatric obesity, assessed among adolescents participating in the 'Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery' (Teen-LABS) study, were published this week in JAMA Pediatrics.

Why nitrate supplementation may increase athletic performance
Walk down the aisles of any food supplement store and you'll see that the use of nitrate supplements by athletes and fitness buffs has been popular for years.

Study highlights benefits of screening for heart disease in men with erectile dysfunction
New research reveals that screening for cardiovascular disease in men presenting with erectile dysfunction may be a cost-effective intervention for preventing both cardiovascular disease and, over the longer term, erectile dysfunction.

ACP releases new guidelines for preventing and treating bedsores
The American College of Physicians today published two evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in Annals of Internal Medicine for the prevention and treatment of bedsores, also called pressure ulcers.

New care model enhances psychological, cognitive and physical recovery of ICU survivors
The Critical Care Recovery Center care model -- the nation's first collaborative care concept focusing on the extensive cognitive, physical and psychological recovery needs of intensive care unit survivors -- decreases the likelihood of serious illness after discharge from an ICU, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University schools of medicine and nursing.

Researchers identify genes responsible for lung tumors
The lung transcription factor Nkx2-1 is an important gene regulating lung formation and normal respiratory functions after birth.

Study: New assessment tool can predict successful teachers
A new video assessment tool that can inform teacher selection and hiring has implications for education reform.

Preventing metabolic disease may start in the womb ... of your grandmother
No one wants to have child who is born underweight, but for numerous reasons, this may be unavoidable.

Brain waves
Researchers have identified a group of neurons in the basal forebrain that help synchronize activity in the cortex, triggering brain waves that are characteristic of consciousness, perception and attention.

Warming temperatures implicated in recent California droughts
In California, dry years coupled with warm conditions are more likely to lead to severe drought than dry, cool years, and the probability of warm and dry conditions coinciding is likely to increase under anthropogenic climate change.

Glass coating improves battery performance
Researchers in the Bourns College of Engineering at the University of California, Riverside have investigated a strategy to prevent this 'polysulfide shuttling' phenomenon by creating nano-sized sulfur particles, and coating them in silica, otherwise known as glass.

Anticholinergic drugs linked to risk for pneumonia in elderly
Taking commonly used medications with anticholinergic effects is associated with a significantly higher risk for developing pneumonia in a study of more than 3,000 older Group Health patients living in the community -- not in nursing homes.

UK engineering -- a success story that needs sustaining
An independent report on the economic impact of engineering in the UK is published today, Monday, March 2, by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Royal Academy of Engineering.

Did climate change help spark the Syrian war?
A new study says a record drought that ravaged Syria in 2006-2010 was likely stoked by ongoing manmade climate change, and that the drought may have helped propel the 2011 Syrian uprising.

With kids' antipsychotic treatment on the rise, study looks at prescriber decision-making
More kids nationwide are taking medications designed to treat such mental health illnesses as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Autism Speaks' DELSIA funds clinical trial of therapeutic game device
Autism Speaks' not-for-profit affiliate Delivering Scientific Innovation for Autism has announced new funding for clinical testing of a cognitive video game designed to improve executive function skills in children and adolescents with autism.

Myelin-maker: How an FDA-approved drug boosts myelin synthesis
A University at Buffalo researcher has discovered a way to keep remyelination going, using a drug that's already on the market.

Standardization and simplification is key to helping NICU babies feed and grow
A new standardized approach for feeding infants in the neonatal intensive care unit helps babies attain full oral feeds sooner, improves their growth and sends them home sooner.

New data on the regulation of the genetic activity that protects against lung cancer
Scientists at the University of Granada, in collaboration with the universities of Harvard and Yale have provided new data for a better understanding of the alterations produced during the development of lung cancer, the tumor with the highest yearly death rate in Spain.

Growth screening could help detect celiac disease in kids
Screening for five growth parameters helped detect celiac disease (CD) with good accuracy in both boys and girls because growth falters in most children with CD, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Conservative treatment normalizes head shape in most infants with skull flattening, reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
More than three-fourths of infants with skull flattening related to sleep position achieve normal head shape with conservative treatment -- without the need for helmet therapy, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Sleep in America poll finds pain a significant challenge when it comes to Americans' sleep
A new poll by the National Sleep Foundation finds that pain is a key factor in the gap between the amount of sleep Americans say they need and the amount they're getting -- an average 42 minute sleep debt for those with chronic pain and 14 minutes for those who've suffered from acute pain in the past week.

Mobile phone app to identify premature babies in the developing world
A mobile phone app that will identify babies born prematurely in the developing world is being developed by researchers at the University of Nottingham.

UC research partnership explores how to best harness solar power
Researchers report that a blend of polymers could one day make solar power lighter, cheaper and more efficient.

Promising new strategy to halt pancreatic cancer metastasis
Researchers have identified a novel treatment that could halt the spread of pancreatic cancer and prolong patient survival.

Astronomers find dust in the early universe
Dust plays an extremely important role in the universe -- both in the formation of planets and new stars.

Income inequality is taking a toll on the health of American workers
A UCLA commentary provides evidence that the degree of income inequality -- the growing income gap between rich and poor -- can also lead to a long list of health issues.

Kids who lack sympathy more likely to share with virtuous friends
Children who sometimes lack sympathy for others are more likely to share resources with those friends if they respect their morals suggests a paper published today in the British Journal of Developmental Psychology.

An old-looking galaxy in a young universe
One of the most distant galaxies ever observed has provided astronomers with the first detection of dust in such a remote star-forming system and tantalising evidence for the rapid evolution of galaxies after the Big Bang.

The more friends you drink with ... the more you drink
A new study published today by the scientific journal Addiction shows that alcohol consumption of individuals appears to increase with the number of friends in their drinking group.

New York City climate change report calls for more research and planning efforts
A new report provides projections of New York City's climate to the end of the century, noting that higher temperatures, heavy downpours, sea level rise, and intensified coastal flooding are the major climate hazards expected for the region.

ASHG and ReachMD launch educational series on genetics and genomics
ASHG and ReachMD announced today the launch of 'Genetically Speaking,' a series of audio interviews designed to educate healthcare professionals on the application of human genetics in disease prevention and management.

Healthy-looking prostate cells mask cancer-causing mutations
Prostate cells that look normal under the microscope may be hiding genetic mutations that could develop into cancer, prompting new ways to improve treatment for the disease, according to research published in Nature Genetics.

Longer duration of prescribed anti-smoking medication before quitting appears promising
Smokers may be more likely to successfully quit their habit if simple adjustments were made to how an existing anti-smoking medication is prescribed, according to a new study by a University at Buffalo research team.

VG Life Sciences granted key composition of matter patent
VG Life Sciences, Inc., a biotechnology company developing therapies for autoimmune and infectious diseases, has been issued an important composition of matter patent covering methods for modulating immune system function through the targeting of CLIP.

Researchers discover 'milk' protein that enables survival of the species
Australian researchers have discovered the protein MCL-1 is critical for keeping milk-producing cells alive and sustaining milk production in the breast.

Breakthrough in OLED technology
A new study from a team of researchers in California and Japan shows that organic light emitting diodes made with finely patterned structures can produce bright, low-power light sources, a key step toward making organic lasers.

3-D printing offers innovative method to deliver medication
3-D printing could become a powerful tool in customizing interventional radiology treatments to individual patient needs, with clinicians having the ability to construct devices to a specific size and shape.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine -- Low intensity vs. high intensity workouts
This release contains summaries of articles being featured in the next issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, including 'Both low intensity and high intensity workouts effective for weight loss', 'American College of Physicians releases new guidelines for preventing and treating bedsores', and 'Adults with HIV twice as likely to smoke and less likely to quit than general population'.

Use of new systemic adjuvant therapy in gastrointestinal tumors increasing
A new study finds that the use of adjuvant systemic therapy for localized gastrointestinal stromal tumors has significantly increased over time and that patients treated with the therapy have better survival than those treated with surgery alone.

You can't take your genes with you: Strategies to share genetic information after death
Does the child of a person with a heritable form of cancer have the right to access their parent's genetic information after death?

Some tropical plants pick the best hummingbirds to pollinate flowers
Rather than just waiting patiently for any pollinator that comes their way to start the next generation of seeds, some plants appear to recognize the best suitors and 'turn on' to increase the chance of success.

Democratizing synthetic biology
By replacing highly specialized, expensive equipment with standard lab tools, Northwestern University professor Michael Jewett has made synthetic biology research cheaper, faster, and more accessible.

Maternal health in India much worse than previously thought
More than 40 percent of women in India are underweight when they begin pregnancy, according to a new study published by Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

US spends more on cancer care, saves fewer lives than Western Europe
Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, Samir Soneji, Ph.D., of Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice has found.

Researchers turn unzipped nanotubes into possible alternative for platinum
Aerogels made of graphene nanoribbons and modified with boron and nitrogen are more efficient catalysts for fuel cells and air-metal batteries than expensive platinum is, according to researchers at Rice University.

Genome reveals how Hessian fly causes galls in wheat
A team of researchers from 26 institutions around the world has sequenced the Hessian fly genome, shedding light on how the insect creates growth-stunting galls in wheat.

New research aims to refine increasingly popular plastic surgery procedures: Buttock augmentation and vaginal rejuvenation surgery
Two of the fastest-growing plastic surgery procedures are gluteoplasty or 'butt augmentation,' to improve the appearance of the buttocks; and labiaplasty to address cosmetic and functional concerns with the vagina.

New technique improves forecasts for Canada's prized salmon fishery
A method developed by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego researchers for analyzing and predicting nature's dynamic and interconnected systems has improved forecasts of populations of Fraser River Sockeye Salmon, a highly prized fishery in British Columbia.

US women's awareness of breast density varies
Disparities in the level of awareness and knowledge of breast density exist among US women, according to the results of a Mayo Clinic study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

What makes some women able to resist or recover psychologically from assault-related trauma?
In a study of 159 women who had been exposed to at least one assault-related potentially traumatic event, 30 percent developed major depressive disorder, which may be attributed to self-blame common to survivors of assault.

Pens filled with high-tech inks for do-it-yourself sensors
A new simple tool developed by nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego, is opening the door to an era when anyone will be able to build sensors, anywhere, including physicians in the clinic, patients in their home and soldiers in the field.

Despite broad awareness, only half of doctors use prescription drug monitoring programs
In a new survey, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that physicians report relatively high awareness of state databases that track drug prescriptions but more than one-fifth indicated they were not aware of their state's program at all.

Sad movies are fattening
Sad movies are bad news for diets. A newly reported study from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab showed movie-goers watching tearjerkers ate between 28 and 55 percent more popcorn both in the lab and in a mall theater during the Thanksgiving holiday.

APLAIR partners with ORNL to commercialize weld inspection technology
ORNL's infrared imaging system can help automakers quickly determine whether a weld is good or bad without damaging the part.

Google Glass shows promising uses in plastic surgery, reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
The 'wearable technology' Google Glass has a wide range of possible applications in plastic surgery -- with the potential to enhance surgical training, medical documentation, and patient safety, according to a special paper in the March 2015 issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Genetic discovery may help determine effectiveness of Huntington's disease treatments
A new genetic discovery in the field of Huntington's disease (HD) could mean a more effective way in determining severity of this neurological disease when using specific treatments.

One step closer to defeating Alzheimer's disease
Researchers show that toning down the activity of the receptor TREM2 may help put a stop to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.

In hot and cold water: The private lives of 'Hoff' crabs revealed
Researchers at the University of Southampton have shed light on the private life of a new species of deep-sea crab, previously nicknamed the 'Hoff' crab because of its hairy chest.

New UTHealth therapy targets PTSD, substance use disorders
A new cognitive behavioral therapy designed to treat both post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders is the focus of research at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School.

Human activity may be supporting growth of harmful algae in lakes
Intensified land-use, sewage discharge, and climate change have likely favored disproportionate development of harmful algae in freshwaters.

Lycopene may ward off kidney cancer in older women
A higher intake by postmenopausal women of the natural antioxidant lycopene, found in foods like tomatoes, watermelon and papaya, may lower the risk of renal cell carcinoma, a type of kidney cancer.

Sequencing the hookworm
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and Cornell University have sequenced the genome of the hookworm, Ancylostoma ceylanicum.

Colon + septic tank = unique, at times stinky, study
What do a human colon, septic tank, copper nanoparticles and zebrafish have in common?

New nanodevice defeats drug resistance
A nanodevice from MIT researchers can disable drug-resistance genes, then release cancer drugs.

Parasite provides clues to evolution of plant diseases
A new study into the generalist parasite Albugo candida, cause of white rust of brassicas, has revealed key insights into the evolution of plant diseases to aid agriculture and global food security.

Guidelines suggest blood thinners for more women, seniors with AFib
Nearly all women and people over 65 in the US with atrial fibrillation are advised to take blood thinners under new guidelines based on an analysis from the Duke Clinical Research Institute.

Genetically speaking, mammals are more like their fathers
You might resemble or act more like your mother, but a novel research study from UNC School of Medicine researchers reveals that mammals are genetically more like their dads.

Gorilla origins of the last two AIDS virus lineages confirmed
Two of the four known groups of human AIDS viruses (HIV-1 groups O and P) have originated in western lowland gorillas, according to an international team of scientists.

Desmoplakin's tail gets the message
Cells control the adhesion protein desmoplakin by modifying the tail end of the protein, and this process goes awry in some patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, according to a new study.

Mind-readers: Scientists crack a piece of the neural code for learning and memory
In work published today in Nature, researchers describe how postmortem brain slices can be 'read' to determine how a rat was trained to behave in response to specific sounds.

Cesarean section rates in Portugal decline by 10 percent
A new study reports a significant decline in the rate of cesarean section (C-section) births in Portugal.

Joslin scientists find direct link between insulin resistance and behavioral disorders
People with diabetes are more prone to anxiety and depression than those with other chronic diseases that require similar levels of management.

Improving diagnosis of coronary artery disease in women -- recommendations of a national expert panel
Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in women often presents with different types of symptoms than in men and can be challenging to diagnose due to a variety of factors.

Licorice manufacturers encouraged to state daily limit of consumption
A recent case study published in Pediatric Neurology details the account of a 10-year-old boy who suffered seizures after over-indulging in licorice sweets.

Low sugar uptake in brain appears to exacerbate Alzheimer's disease
A deficiency in the protein responsible for moving glucose across the brain's protective blood-brain barrier appears to intensify the neurodegenerative effects of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new mouse study from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.

Disease-carrying fleas abound on New York City's rats
In the first study of its kind since the 1920s, rats in New York City were found to carry a flea species capable of transmitting plague pathogens.

The rub with friction
In a new paper in Nature Materials, Brandeis University professor Zvonomir Dogic and his lab explored friction at the microscopic level.
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