Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 09, 2015
CEO bonuses could cost companies in the long term
The culture of CEO bonus payments creates a mentality where executives chase quick wins and short term strategies, which are often not in the best interest of companies.

From brain tumors to memory: A very multifunctional protein
A protein called BAI1 involved in limiting the growth of brain tumors is also critical for spatial learning and memory, researchers have discovered.

IBCD 2015 offers plenty for cancer drug development stakeholders
Innovation and Biomarkers in Cancer Drug Development, IBCD 2015, will shine a spotlight on multi-stakeholder approaches to cancer drug development with new cancer biomarkers in a scientific program which will include input from regulators, industry, academia, patients and payers.

UCI study of fruit fly 'brain in a jar' reveals mechanics of jet lag
Long the stuff of science fiction, the disembodied 'brain in a jar' is providing science fact for UC Irvine researchers, who by studying the whole brains of fruit flies are discovering the inner mechanisms of jet lag.

Quick, easy and early diagnosis with rare earth ions
A novel method makes it possible to measure oxygen in cells and other biological material with previously un-attainable precision.

Eviction can result in depression, poorer health and higher stress
Eviction from a home can have multiple negative consequences for families -- including depression, poorer health and higher levels of stress -- and the side effects can persist for years, according to new research from sociologists at Rice University and Harvard University.

Seeing tiny twins
To fully understand how nanomaterials behave, one must also understand the atomic-scale deformation mechanisms that determine their structure and, therefore, their strength and function.

Preterm babies continue to receive inhaled nitric oxide
Inhaled nitric oxide is a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration that is commonly used in term and near-term neonates who have severe respiratory failure caused by pulmonary hypertension.

How parents may help create their own little narcissists
Children whose parents think they're God's gift to the world do tend to outshine their peers -- in narcissism.

Most information in drug development is lost
Lots of potentially useful medical information is getting lost. McGill researchers discovered this when they looked into the lack of reporting of information from 'stalled drug' trials in cancer, cardiovascular and neurological diseases.

Poorly preserved DNA from African slaves reveals their origins
An analysis of DNA extracted from the tooth roots of three 17th century slaves reveals that they hailed from Bantu-speaking groups in northern Cameroon and non-Bantu speakers living in present-day Nigeria and Ghana, researchers report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Venus, if you will, as seen in radar with the GBT
Recently, by combining the highly sensitive receiving capabilities of the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope and the powerful radar transmitter at the NSF's Arecibo Observatory, astronomers were able to make remarkably detailed images of the surface of Venus without ever leaving Earth.

Assumptions of equality lead to poorer group decisions
People of differing competence tend to give each other's views equal weight, preventing them from making the best group decisions, finds new UCL-led research.

Sexism -- it's in his smile
If you want to know what a man's true attitude towards the female sex is, carefully watch how he smiles and chats to her.

World's most valuable brain research prize goes to inventors of revolutionary microscope
Neuroscience's answer to the Nobel Prize -- the Brain Prize -- goes to four brain researchers for the invention, development and application of the revolutionary technique two-photon microscopy.

The climate is starting to change faster
The Earth is now entering a period of changing climate that will likely be faster than what's occurred naturally over the last thousand years, according to a new paper in Nature Climate Change, committing people to live through and adapt to a warming world.

Viagra in combination with new drugs can have anti-cancer, antibacterial, and therapeutic effects
Chaperone proteins play an important role in protein folding in human cells and in bacteria and are promising new targets for drugs to treat cancer and Alzheimer's disease and for novel antiviral drugs and antibiotics.

International organizations form partnership to benefit research data for society
The Committee on Data for Science and Technology and the World Data System -- both Interdisciplinary Bodies of the International Council for Science - -and the Research Data Alliance are pleased to announce the signing of Memoranda of Understanding outlining their collaboration.

Tiny minority of Chinese adults enjoy ideal heart health
Nearly three out of four Chinese adults have poor cardiovascular health, with poor diet and growing rates of obesity compounding the risks associated with continuing high rates of smoking, according to a new survey published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Carina Nebula survey reveals details of star formation
A new Rice University-led survey of one of the most active, star-forming regions in the galactic neighborhood is helping astronomers better understand the processes that may have contributed to the formation of the sun 4.5 billion years ago.

What's your genetic destiny? More than half of parents want to know disease risks
Would you want to know if you or your children had risk of hereditary cancer, a genetic risk for cardiovascular disease or carried the gene associated with developing Alzheimer's disease?

Breast cancer risk may be increased in women who have first-degree relatives with a history of prostate cancer
Having a family history of prostate cancer among first-degree relatives may increase a woman's risk of developing breast cancer.

New research finds queen bee microbiomes are starkly distinct from worker bees
The first comprehensive analysis of gut bacteria in queen bees has found the queen bee microbiome is starkly district from those of worker bees, suggesting the commercial practice of relocating queen bees from their home colony may not detrimentally affect the overall health of the hive.

Content creators leave social networks when messaging gets too easy
It's not much harder or more expensive to send a tweet or a Facebook post to hundreds or even thousands of people than to just a handful.

'Exercise hormone' irisin may be a myth
The discovery of the 'exercise hormone' irisin and more than 170 papers about it since have been called into question by a new study showing the findings were based on flawed assay kits.

The secret of wrinkling, folding, and creasing
The secrets of surfaces' wrinkling, folding, creasing and delaminating are unraveled.

Understanding how neurons shape memories of smells
In a study that helps to deconstruct how olfaction is encoded in the brain, neuroscientists at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a type of neuron that appears to help tune, amplify and dampen neuronal responses to chemosensory inputs from the nasal cavity.

Measuring the marketing effectiveness of asking versus telling
Most marketing campaigns are centered around advertisements that feature statements as the way to convey a message to targeted consumers.

Toward Methuselah -- long-living lighting devices
Researchers at the universities of Basel and Valencia have reported important advances in the development of next generation lighting technologies in the journal Chemical Science.

Progeny of old parents have fewer offspring
A long-term study in house sparrows shows a transgenerational age effect.

Dermacentor limbooliati, a new tick species from Malaysia and Vietnam
A new tick species found in Malaysia and Vietnam was recently discovered in the United States National Tick Collection by researchers in Georgia.

Online health information -- keep it simple!
Limited availability of 'easy-to-read' health materials suggests that many Australians may not be benefiting from the convenience of the Internet.

Ancient Africans used 'no fly zones' to bring herds south
Isotopic analysis of animal teeth from a 2,000-year-old herding settlement near Lake Victoria in southern Kenya show the area was once home to large grassland corridors -- routes that could have been used to dodge tsetse flies and bring domesticated livestock to southern Africa, according to a forthcoming paper in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

New 3-D imaging technology for living cells
An EPFL spin-off company, NanoLive, has developed the 3-D Cell Explorer, a microscope that allows users to see inside living cells without any prior sample preparation, by using MRI-like technology and proprietary software that uses holographic algorithms.

Geoscientists to meet in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA
Geoscientists from the south-central US and beyond will convene in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA, on 19-20 March to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic features of the region.

NASA eyes rainfall in newly formed Tropical Cyclone Pam
Tropical Cyclone Pam formed in the Solomon Islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean early on March 9.

Study shows teens and adults hazy on Washington marijuana law
Research by the University of Washington and Boys Town Research Institute found that only 57 percent of Washington parents surveyed knew the legal age for recreational marijuana use and just 63 percent knew that homegrown marijuana is illegal under the law.

British Psychological Society recognizes achievements in Hong Kong
Three degree courses run in Hong Kong by British universities in collaboration with local partners have been accredited by the British Psychological Society.

Youth suicide rate in rural areas is nearly double the rate in cities
The adolescent and young-adult suicide rate in the United States was almost twice as high in rural settings than in urban areas between 1996 and 2010, and new research suggests that the gap appears to be widening.

Early herders' grassy route through Africa
A University of Utah study of nearly 2,000-year-old livestock teeth show that early herders from northern Africa could have traveled past Kenya's Lake Victoria on their way to southern Africa because the area was grassy -- not tsetse fly-infested bushland as previously believed.

Research explores patient views of GP safety
New research conducted by The University of Manchester has found that GPs' patients can feel alienated by lack of trust, impersonal processes and that this presents problems to improving their safety.

Physical labor, hypertension and multiple meds may reduce male fertility
Working in a physically demanding job, having high blood pressure, and taking multiple medications are among health risks that may undermine a man's fertility, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and Stanford University, Stanford, California.

NIST gets new angle on X-ray measurements
Criminal justice, cosmology and computer manufacturing may not look to have much in common, but these and many other disparate fields all depend on sensitive measurement of X-rays.

'Ouch zone' in the brain identified
Activity in a brain area known as the dorsal posterior insula is directly related to the intensity of pain, an Oxford University brain imaging study people has found.

Genetics breakthrough by group that includes UF expert will boost diabetes resear
The genes that increase the risk of Type 1 diabetes have lost their hiding place.

Biofuel proteomics
JBEI researchers used advanced proteomic techniques to identify 1,750 unique proteins in shoots of switchgrass, a native prairie grass viewed as one of the most promising of all the plants that could be used to produce advanced biofuels.

Centuries-old DNA helps identify origins of slave skeletons found in Caribbean
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the University of Copenhagen have extracted and sequenced tiny bits of DNA remaining in the teeth of 300-year-old skeletons in the Caribbean.

March/April 2015 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet offers synopses of original research and commentary published in the March/April 2015 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Cooperative communities emerge in transparent social networks
An online experiment reveals that the overall level of cooperation in a group almost doubles when the previous actions of all its members are rendered transparent.

PET/MR can effectively diagnose cause of unclear foot pain
A single scan could diagnose the cause of foot pain better and with less radiation exposure to the patient than other methods, according to a study in the March 2015 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Life Sciences Discovery Fund announces matching grant awards
The Life Sciences Discovery Fund (LSDF) today announced nearly $1 million in Matching grants to two Washington-based companies to promote translation of promising treatments for devastating medical conditions from the laboratory to the commercial marketplace.

One step closer to artificial photosynthesis and 'solar fuels'
A new thin-film coating developed at Caltech solves a major problem in the development of artificial photosynthetic systems that can replicate the natural process of photosynthesis to harness sunlight to generate fuels.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Haliba affecting La Reunion and Mauritius islands
Tropical Cyclone Haliba formed east of the island nation of Madagascar in the Southern Indian Ocean and is now affecting the La Reunion and Mauritius islands.

New training, ultra-high-density planting systems recommended for sweet cherry
Researchers assessed the vegetative growth and fruit production behavior of different sweet cherry cultivars grown using multiple new ultra-high-density planting and training systems.

Vegetarian diet linked to lower risk of colorectal cancers
Eating a vegetarian diet was associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancers compared with nonvegetarians in a study of Seventh-Day Adventist men and women, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Childhood leukemia study reveals disease subtypes, new treatment option
A new study of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a blood cancer that primarily affects young children, has revealed that the disease has two distinct subtypes, and provides preliminary evidence that about 13 percent of ALL cases may be successfully treated with targeted drugs that have proved highly effective in the treatment of lymphomas in adults.

African-American cancer patients' depression symptoms under-recognized, CWRU study finds
Case Western Reserve University nurse scientist Amy Zhang, who has long examined quality-of-life issues in cancer patients, wondered whether depression in African-American cancer patients has been under-recognized for treatment.Accurately assessing depression in cancer patients is difficult in general because the physical symptoms of cancer and depression -- low energy, lack of sleep and loss of appetite -- are so similar.

Bioengineers put human hearts on a chip to aid drug screening
UC Berkeley researchers have created a 'heart-on-a-chip' that effectively uses human cardiac muscle cells derived from adult stem cells to model how a human heart reacts to cardiovascular medications.

Advances of alternating EM field for earthquake monitoring in China
Since the 1966 when Xingtai earthquake in Hebei province occurred, the significant development has been made for the alternating EM field technique in earthquake monitoring and prediction.

Electrons in slow motion
At the origin of the properties of high-temperature superconductors lies a phenomenon that is too fast to be observed experimentally with conventional methods.

Vildagliptin for type 2 diabetes: No suitable data for combination with sulfonylurea
New study data, on the basis of which the drug manufacturer applied for a new dossier assessment, were unsuitable: They not only compared two drugs, but also two therapeutic strategies.

Tip sheet from Annals of Internal Medicine, March 10, 2015
The March 10, 2015, issue of Annals of Internal Medicines includes ''Appropriate use' criteria for diagnostic catheterization may not be reliable for guiding clinical decisions' and 'Vaccine refusal will likely lead to more measles outbreaks.'

New gene sequencing technology like a high-powered microscope
A new gene sequencing technology known as 'Capture Sequencing' allows us to explore the human genome at a much higher resolution than ever before, with revolutionary implications for research and cancer diagnosis.

Cancer-linked protein helps control fate of intestinal stem cells
An international group of researchers has shown that a regulatory protein involved in controlling how cancer spreads through the body also influences the fate of stem cells in the intestine of mice.

JAMA Viewpoint: Young African-American men deserve better from health care
Healthcare spending is at an all-time high in the US, yet young African-American men see little benefit, according to Boston Medical Center researchers' Viewpoint commentary published in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Novel tool visualizes whole body SIV replication
A noninvasive PET/CT method developed by Yerkes and Georgia Tech researchers allows simian immunodeficiency virus replication to be seen in real time in non-human primates.

DeuteRx's novel approach to chiral switching for racemic drugs
DeuteRx announced the discovery of a method for the in vivo stabilization and differentiation of the individual enantiomers of selected thalidomide analogs, with the potential to improve efficacy or reduce side effects over the parent racemic mixture.

Go meta: New technique expands possibilities for molecular designers
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have developed a broadly useful technique for building new drug molecules and other chemical products.

A real eye-opener: Narcolepsy bears classic autoimmune hallmarks
Narcoleptics suffer from bouts of sleepiness and sleep attacks, which impair their ability to function in daily life, but the precise cause of narcolepsy has long eluded scientists.

Quantum mechanic frequency filter for atomic clocks
In an atomic clock, electrons jumping from one orbit to another decides the clock's frequency.

More study needed to clarify impact of cellulose nanocrystals on health
Biocompatible and biodegradable, cellulose materials are being studied for use in high-performance composites and optical films, and to deliver medicine in pills.

Hippo 'crosstalk' may be vital to tumor suppression
Scientists at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered new information about a key pathway known as Hippo, a metaphoric name referencing its link to tissue 'overgrowth.' The Hippo pathway has been shown to regulate cell death and cell growth, thus playing a role in the development or prevention of tumors.

After 60 million years apart, two fern genera form hybrid in the mountains of France
As reported in the March 2015 issue of The American Naturalist, a fern discovered in the French Pyrenees is a recently formed intergeneric hybrid between parental lineages that diverged from each other approximately 60 million years ago.

Novel drug candidate regenerates pancreatic cells lost in diabetes
In a screen of more than 100,000 potential drugs, only one, harmine, drove human insulin-producing beta cells to multiply.

Societally engaged adults see their lives as redemption stories
Middle-aged Americans who show high levels of societal involvement and mental health are especially likely to construe their lives as stories of personal redemption, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Traffic light food labels strengthen self-control
Should food products be labeled with traffic light symbols to make health-related information on ingredients easier to understand?

The chemistry of poison ivy (video)
Leaves of three, let them be, right? But what happens when you get covered in poison ivy and can't stop scratching?

Two-step treatment improved function and decreased pain severity in veterans
A new study from VA, Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine researchers reports that a stepped-care strategy combining analgesics, self-management strategies and cognitive behavioral therapy improved function and decreased pain severity, producing at least a 30 percent improvement in pain-related disability in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn.

Protein in the brain can 'put the brakes' on binge drinking
A new study identifies both where in the brain and how a protein in the brain, called Neuropeptide Y or NPY, can act to suppress binge alcohol drinking.

Winfried Denk, Arthur Konnerth, Karel Svoboda and David Tank win The Brain Prize
The Brain Prize has been awarded to four scientists: Winfried Denk, Arthur Konnerth, Karel Svoboda and David Tank.

Study analyzes use of social networks for media purposes after 11-M
A book at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid analyzes how social networks were used between the attacks on March 11, 2004, and the demonstration in the Puerta del Sol on May 15.

Mood, anxiety disorders common in Tourette patients, emerge at a young age
A new study of Tourette syndrome led by researchers from UC San Francisco and Massachusetts General Hospital has found that nearly 86 percent of patients who seek treatment for TS will be diagnosed with a second psychiatric disorder during their lifetimes, and that nearly 58 percent will receive two or more such diagnoses.

Love, love me do: Male beetles that have more sex are more insecure, study shows
Males that mate more often are more insecure about their social status than those mating less, according to new research on the behavior of burying beetles.

Methane in Arctic lake traced to groundwater from seasonal thawing
Global warming may ramp up the flow of methane from groundwater into Arctic lakes, allowing more of the potent greenhouse gas to bubble out into the atmosphere, according to a new study led by researchers at UC Santa Cruz.

Ancient fossils reveal diversity in the body structure of human ancestors
A University of Missouri researcher and her international team of colleagues have found that early human species differed throughout their skeletons and had distinct body forms.

New information helps predict future climate change impacts on global tropics
Researchers at the University of Montana, Princeton University, Stanford University and Rutgers University, among others, are collecting new measurements of tropical forests to gain a better understanding of how they respond to seasonal climate variations.

TUM Prof. Arthur Konnerth shares in million-euro Brain Prize
The Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Foundation has announced that this year's million-euro Brain Prize will be shared by four scientists, including Prof.

Scripps Research, Mayo Clinic scientists find class of drugs that boosts healthy lifespan
A research team from The Scripps Research Institute, Mayo Clinic and other institutions has identified a new class of drugs that in animal models dramatically slows the aging process -- alleviating symptoms of frailty, improving cardiac function and extending a healthy lifespan.

Bioelectrochemical processes have the potential to one day replace petrochemistry
Researchers at UFZ and the University of Queensland have found that the electrification of the white biotechnology is not merely a green dream, but an alternative to petrochemistry with realistic economical potential.

First look at hospitalized Ebola survivors' immune cells could guide vaccine design
Emory/CDC researchers have obtained a first look at the immune responses in four Ebola virus disease survivors who received care at Emory University Hospital in 2014.

Johns Hopkins researchers engineer custom blood cells
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have successfully corrected a genetic error in stem cells from patients with sickle cell disease, and then used those cells to grow mature red blood cells, they report.

Supplemental feeding for endangered avian species
Reproductive benefits and hidden costs of supplemental feeding for endangered avian species.

Amid chaos of Libya, newly unearthed fossils give clues to our own evolution
Christopher Beard and his team have just published a discovery of mammal fossils uncovered in the Zallah Oasis in the Sirt Basin of central Libya.

T cell population altered in patients with type 2 diabetes and/or obesity
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reports that a population of T cells known as mucosal-associated invariant T cells is altered in patients with type 2 diabetes and/or severe obesity.

Canadians' preferences for receiving incidental findings from genetic testing
Although many people value receiving information about incidental findings identified from genomic sequencing, not everyone wants to know about genetic conditions regardless of potential health implications, found a study of Canadian preferences in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

New technique can locate genes' on-off switches
Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have developed a high-resolution method that can precisely and reliably map individual transcription factor binding sites in the genome, vastly outperforming standard techniques.

AGI's Directory of Geoscience Departments -- 50th edition released
The American Geosciences Institute is pleased to announce the 50th edition of The Directory of Geoscience Departments.

Interdependence explained
A community ecologist demonstrates important links between human health and the environment in the African savanna.

Insect scientists, parents, and children are meeting in Rehoboth next week
The Entomological Society of America's Eastern Branch will meet March 14-17, 2015 in Rehoboth, DE for its annual meeting.

NASA's SDO captures images of a mid-level solar flare
The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 5:22 pm EST on March 7, 2015.

Boosting older adults' vision through training
Just a weeks' worth of training can improve vision in older adults, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Scientists urge Brazilian government to stand strong on aquatic animal protections
A team of Brazilian scientists -- including Luiz Rocha, Ph.D., Associate Curator of Ichthyology at the California Academy of Sciences -- is raising awareness about impending conservation setbacks for Brazil's aquatic animals, calling for immediate fisheries management collaboration between the nation's public and private sectors.

CO2 increase can intensify future droughts in tropics, study suggests
In a commentary in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, University of Texas at Austin professor Rong Fu discusses the importance of a new study that suggests increases in atmospheric CO2 could intensify extreme droughts in tropical and subtropical regions.

Patented process builds better semiconductors, improves electronic devices
Jim Edgar, Kansas State University distinguished professor of chemical engineering, has received a patent for his process that can build better semiconductors and improve electronic devices.

Seeding mixtures recommended for midwest lawns
A study evaluated the establishment rate and species composition over 3 years of a turf stand seeded with different ratios of kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass maintained as a lawn.

Finally, X-ray medical imaging within the reach of developing countries
Two-thirds of humankind does not have access to radiography, essential to the practice of modern medicine.

New test uses human stem cells to identify dangerous side effects of drugs
Scientists at Imperial College London have developed a test that uses combinations of cells from a single donor's blood to predict whether a new drug will cause a severe immune reaction in humans.

Radiation plus immunotherapy combo revs up immune system to better attack melanoma, Penn study suggests
Treating metastatic melanoma with a triple threat --including radiation therapy and two immunotherapies that target the CTLA4 and PD-1 pathways -- could elicit an optimal response in more patients, one that will boost the immune system's attack on the disease, suggests a new study from a multidisciplinary team of researchers from Penn's Abramson Cancer Center published today in Nature.

Small eddies produce global effects on climate change
The increasing strength of winds over the Southern Ocean has extended its ability to absorb carbon dioxide, effectively delaying the impacts of global warming.

Understanding of cell enzyme flipped on its head
Researchers from Manchester, working with scientists in California, have found that certain molecules long thought to promote cancer growth, in fact suppress tumors, suggesting that therapeutic approaches should aim to restore, rather than block, their activity.

Dartmouth-led team identifies circadian clock gene that strengthens crop plant
Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues have identified a circadian clock gene that helps a key crop plant to withstand extreme cold and salty conditions, which could help to develop hardier crops with improved yield.

Vaccinate against measles
An article published in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health examined reasons people are hesitant to vaccinate.

Perceptual training boosts contrast sensitivity for older adults
Older adults whose vision is affected by declining contrast sensitivity -- which is a factor in the ability to detect and resolve details in low light -- can improve their ability to see with perceptual learning training, according to researchers at UC Riverside and Brown University.

Fifteen new breast cancer genetic risk 'hot-spots' revealed
Scientists have discovered another 15 genetic 'hot-spots' that can increase a woman's risk of developing breast cancer, according to research published today in Nature Genetics.

Quantum sensor's advantages survive entanglement breakdown
Preserving the fragile quantum property known as entanglement isn't necessary to reap benefits.

Psychedelic drug use could reduce psychological distress, suicidal thinking
A history of psychedelic drug use is associated with less psychological distress and fewer suicidal thoughts, planning and attempts, according to new research from Johns Hopkins and the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Surprising finding provides more support for Alzheimer's being an autoimmune disease
Brain levels of the lipid ceramide are high in Alzheimer's disease, and now scientists have found increased levels of an antibody to the lipid in their disease model.

Researchers map 'genomic landscape' of childhood adrenocortical tumors for the first time
In an advance that could lead to better identification of malignant pediatric adrenocortical tumors, and ultimately to better treatment, researchers have mapped the 'genomic landscape' of these rare childhood tumors.

Oregon researchers detail new insights on arsenic cycling
University of Oregon geologist Qusheng Jin initially labeled his theory 'A Wild Hypothesis.' Now his study of arsenic cycling in a southern Willamette Valley aquifer is splashing with potential significance for arsenic-compromised aquifers around the world.

Innovative light therapy reaches deep tumors
Using a mouse model of cancer, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

KAIST develops ultrathin polymer insulators key to low-power soft electronics
A group of researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology developed a high-performance ultrathin polymeric insulator for field-effect transistors.

Millions of modern men found to be descendants of 11 Asian dynastic leaders
University of Leicester researchers discover that many modern men have genetic links to ancient figures such as Genghis Khan.

Mother's own immune system may cause pregnancy complications
Preclinical research demonstrates for the first time that refocusing an expectant mother's immune cells to prevent them from attacking the fetus may be a therapeutic strategy for preventing pregnancy complications like stillbirth or prematurity.

Penn researchers show how rivers creep and flow to shape landscapes over time
Most models predict that rivers only transport sediment during conditions of high flow and, moreover, that only particles on the surface of the river bed move due to the force of the flowing water above.

Tiny nanoparticles could make big impact for patients in need of cornea transplant
There are about 48,000 corneal transplants done each year in the US, compared to approximately 16,000 kidney transplants and 2,100 heart transplants.

UTSA microbiologist named fellow by the American Academy of Microbiology
Karl Klose, microbiology professor in the UTSA College of Sciences and researcher in the South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, has been named a fellow by the American Academy of Microbiology.

New study finds digital clinical decision support tools save lives of pneumonia patients
A new study by Intermountain Medical Center researchers in Salt Lake City found that using advanced clinical decision support tools reduces mortality for the 1.1 million patients in the Unites States who are treated for pneumonia each year.

TSRI scientists reveal structural secrets of nature's little locomotive
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has determined the basic structural organization of a molecular motor that hauls cargoes and performs other critical functions within cells.

Blood-based genetic biomarkers identify young boys with autism
In a study published in the current online issue of JAMA Psychiatry, an international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, report finding a highly accurate blood-based measure that could lead to development of a clinical test for autism spectrum disorder risk in males as young as one to two years old.

Committing the 'gamblers fallacy' may be in the cards, new research shows
It's called the gambler's fallacy: After a long streak of losses, you feel you are going to win.

Mayo Clinic and collaborators find new class of drugs that reduces aging in mice
A new class of drugs identified and validated by Mayo Clinic researchers along with collaborators at Scripps Research Institute and others, clearly reduces health problems in mice by limiting the effect of senescent cells -- cells that contribute to frailty and diseases associated with age.

Georgetown hosts conference focused on Ebola, global health planning and security
Georgetown hosts 'Ebola and Beyond: Global Epidemics in our One Health World 2015' on March 25.

Jumping, roly-poly, untethered robot described in Soft Robotics journal
A novel, fully untethered soft robot capable of repeated jumping is able to cover half a meter in a single hop-and-roll motion.

Pregnancy weight gain tilts the scales for child becoming obese
For the first time, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health studied the effects of gestational weight gain on childhood obesity risk among a multi-ethnic urban population.

UTSA biochemist selected as Gold Fellow of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthamology
Andrew Tsin, professor of biology in the UTSA College of Sciences, has been named a Gold Fellow of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthamology for his dedication and exemplary contributions in the field.

Ledipasvir plus sofosbuvir: Hint of added benefit in certain patients
In genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C, data from a historical comparison showed an advantage in virologic response.

How blood group O protects against malaria
It has long been known that people with blood type O are protected from dying of severe malaria.

'DFG in action' -- new media library now online
The German Research Foundation is expanding its audiovisual information resources with the launch of its own media library.

Widening rural-urban disparities in youth suicides
Rural suicide rates were nearly double those of urban areas for both males and females in a study of suicide deaths in young people ages 10 to 24, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Cebit simulations show how using tablets and smartphones puts stress on joints and muscles
Spending hours on a computer or sending lots of text messages on a mobile phone can result in a stiff neck and sometimes even a strained thumb. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to