Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 23, 2015
Plymouth University to investigate medical revalidation in Australia
The Medical Board of Australia, with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, has commissioned the Collaboration for the Advancement of Medical Education, Research and Assessment at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry to investigate the evidence and options for the introduction of medical revalidation to Australia.

Catch-release-repeat: Study reveals novel technique for handling molecules
In research appearing in the current issue of the journal Nature Chemistry, Ximin He, Ph.D., and her colleagues describe a method capable of mimicking Nature's ability to sort, capture, transport and release molecules.

Majority of new pediatricians satisfied with first jobs
Despite reports indicating job dissatisfaction among some physicians, at least one group of doctors seems to be starting their careers on the right note.

Supercomputers give universities a competitive edge, researchers find
Researchers have long believed that supercomputers give universities a competitive edge in scientific research, but now they have some hard data showing it's true.

Stress granules ease the way for cancer metastasis
Tumors that produce more stress granules are more likely to metastasize, according to researchers in Canada.

Springer and Université Joseph Fourier release SciDetect to discover fake scientific papers
After intensive collaboration with Dr. Cyril Labbé from Université Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, France, Springer announces the release of SciDetect, a new software program that automatically checks for fake scientific papers.

Professor Federico Rosei receives prestigious honor as mentor
Professor Federico Rosei of INRS's Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre has been honoured by the American Vacuum Society (AVS, Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing) in recognition of his mentorship of young researchers.

Malaspina discovers the key to the long-term storage of DOC in the deep ocean
Researchers from the Malaspina Expedition have made strides in the understanding of the mechanisms governing the persistence of dissolved organic carbon for hundreds or thousands of years in the deep ocean.

Study shows association between migraine and carpal tunnel syndrome, reports PRS Global Open
Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome are more than twice as likely to have migraine headaches, reports a study in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery -- Global Open, the official open-access medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

FARE announces recipients of investigator in food allergy awards
Food Allergy Research & Education announced the recipients of its inaugural FARE Investigator in Food Allergy Awards on Monday.

Have researchers discovered the sound of the stars?
A chance discovery by a team of researchers, including a University of York scientist, has provided experimental evidence that stars may generate sound.

Chef-enhanced school meals increase healthy food consumption
Schools collaborating with a professionally trained chef to improve the taste of healthy meals significantly increased students' fruit and vegetable consumption, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H.

Lean business approach helps hospitals run more efficiently
Implementing a well-established business approach allowed physicians to shave hours off pediatric patient discharges without affecting readmission rates, according to researchers at Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital.

The Michael J. Fox Foundation supports promising Parkinson's project
Australian scientists receive support from The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research to speed progress in developing a novel therapy for Parkinson's disease.

US engineering schools to educate 20,000 students to tackle grand challenges
In a letter of commitment presented to President Barack Obama at the White House Science Fair today, more than 120 US engineering schools announced plans to educate a new generation of engineers expressly equipped to tackle some of the most pressing issues facing society in the 21st century.

How to get smarter on pills for seniors
Cancer patients over the age of 65 often take multiple drugs, which can interfere with cancer treatment.

Popular artificial sweetener could lead to new treatments for aggressive cancers
Saccharin, the artificial sweetener that is the main ingredient in Sweet 'N Low, Sweet Twin and Necta, could do far more than just keep our waistlines trim.

Greater wealth equals better health for most Canadian moms and their newborns
Across all income levels, Canadian moms in better socioeconomic standing have better health outcomes than moms in lower socioeconomic brackets.

Study: Zinc deficiency linked to immune system response, particularly in older adults
Zinc, an important mineral in human health, appears to affect how the immune system responds to stimulation, especially inflammation, new research from Oregon State University shows.

Colliding stars explain enigmatic 17th century explosion
New observations made with APEX and other telescopes reveal that the star that European astronomers saw appear in the sky in 1670 was not a nova, but a much rarer, violent breed of stellar collision.

Genome-wide screen of learning in zebrafish identifies enzyme important in neural circuit
Researchers describe the first set of genes important in learning in a zebrafish model.

Carnegie Mellon's snake robots learn to turn by following the lead of real sidewinders
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University who develop snake-like robots have picked up a few tricks from real sidewinder rattlesnakes on how to make rapid and even sharp turns with their undulating, modular device.

Quantum cause and effect
Correlation does not imply causation -- unless it's quantum. That's the message of surprising new work from Perimeter and the Institute for Quantum Computing.

Project to reduce violence in Panama City with improved parenting
University of Manchester researchers have piloted a parenting trial which aims to improve child behavior in Panama City the place with the eighth highest murder rate in the world.

Report reveals alarming lack of water, sanitation and hygiene in health care facilities
The World Health Organization and UNICEF have commissioned the first comprehensive, multi-country analysis on water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) services in health care facilities, calling for global action to push toward 100 percent coverage of these services through new policies, collaboration, monitoring and training.

Toward a more realistic picture of how molecules move within cells
A candid photo can reveal much more about the mood of a party than a stiff, posed picture.

3-D satellite, GPS earthquake maps isolate impacts in real time
Technology in space and on the ground is helping University of Iowa researchers find out information about an earthquake's impact faster, increasing response times to areas that need aid most.

Water content thresholds recommended for Gardenia jasminoides
Researchers compared growth of two Gardenia jasminoides cultivars -- slow-growing and challenging 'Radicans,' and fast-growing 'August Beauty' -- at various volumetric water content thresholds to determine how irrigation could be applied more efficiently without negatively affecting plant quality.

Mental health report finds staffing problems linked to ward suicides
Suicidal patients who are under observation may be put at risk by relying on inexperienced staff and agency nurses, according to a new report issued today.

Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Microbiological confirmation of childhood tuberculosis is rare because of the difficulty of collection of specimens, low sensitivity of smear microscopy, and poor access to culture.

Chefs, offering choice may increase vegetable, fruit selection in schools
Fruit and vegetable selections in school meals increased after students had extended exposure to school food made more tasty with the help of a professional chef and after modifications were made to school cafeterias, including signage and more prominent placement of fruits and vegetables, but it was only chef-enhanced meals that also increased consumption, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

International Journal of Infectious Diseases marks World TB Day with publication of special issue
To mark World TB Day, March 24, 2015, the International Journal of Infectious Diseases is publishing a Special Issue that will help raise awareness about the burden of tuberculosis and present a collection of articles by some of the world's most noted researchers and clinicians.

Long-term effect of deep brain stimulation on pain in patients with Parkinson's disease
Patients with Parkinson's disease who experienced pain before undergoing subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation had that pain improved or eliminated at eight years after surgery, although the majority of patients developed new pain, mostly musculoskeletal, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

'Most attractive' male birds don't have the best genes
'Attractive' male birds that mate with many females aren't passing on the best genes to their offspring, according to new UCL research which found promiscuity in male birds leads to small, genetic faults in the species' genome.

TSRI team discovers enzyme that keeps blood stem cells functional to prevent anemia
When stem cells become too active and divide too often, they risk acquiring cell damage and mutations.

New gene influences apple or pear shape, risk of future disease
It's known that people who carry a lot of weight around their bellies are more likely to develop diabetes and heart disease than those who have bigger hips and thighs.

Non-native plants are 'not a threat' to floral diversity
Non-native plants are commonly listed as invasive species, presuming that they cause harm to the environment at both global and regional scales.

Cattle-killer: Two parasites are better than one
An international team of scientists has quantified, for the first time, how co-infection by parasites significantly reduces the severity of the African cattle-killing disease East Coast fever.

Cerebellar ataxia can't be cured, but some cases can be treated
No cures are possible for most patients who suffer debilitating movement disorders called cerebellar ataxias.

Utilization of smartwatches in situations requiring alert
VTT Technical Research of Centre Ltd. has developed various kinds of software for smartwatches that utilize speech recognition in social communication and show smart traffic data on the watch display.

Neither vitamin D nor exercise affected fall rates among older women in Finland
In a clinical trial that explored the effectiveness of exercise training and vitamin D supplementation for reducing falls in older women, neither intervention affected the overall rate of falls, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Promising vaccine strategy for type 1 diabetes extended to humans
A molecule that prevents type 1 diabetes in mice has provoked an immune response in human cells, according to researchers at National Jewish Health and the University of Colorado.

Danish researchers' breakthrough identification of important protein
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen are the first in the world to develop a secure way of measuring the important protein apo-M.

How our DNA may prevent bowel cancer
A new study published in the prestigious Journal of the American Medical Association suggests the link between aspirin and colon cancer prevention may depend on a person's individual genetics.

New insights into survival outcomes of Asian-Americans diagnosed with cancer
Numerous studies have documented racial differences in deaths from cancer among non-Hispanic whites and African-Americans, but little has been known about survival outcomes for Asian-Americans who have been diagnosed with cancer, until now.

Mayo Clinic study first to identify spontaneous coronary artery disease as inherited
A Mayo Clinic study has identified a familial association in spontaneous coronary artery dissection, a type of heart attack that most commonly affects younger women, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition, researchers say.

India needs to do much more to tackle its alarming TB epidemic
Effective tuberculosis control in India needs political will and commitment, backed by sufficient resources, says a senior doctor in The BMJ this week.

Study: Western forests decimated by pine beetles not more likely to burn
Western US forests killed by the mountain pine beetle epidemic are no more at risk to burn than healthy Western forests, according to new findings by the University of Colorado Boulder that fly in the face of both public perception and policy.

Squid-inspired 'invisibility stickers' could help soldiers evade detection in the dark
Squid are the ultimate camouflage artists, blending flawlessly into their backgrounds so that unsuspecting prey can't detect them.

Study pinpoints pregnancy complications in women with sickle cell disease
New research reports that when compared to healthy pregnant women, pregnant women with a severe form of sickle cell disease are six times more likely to die during or following pregnancy and have an increased risk for stillbirth, high blood pressure, and preterm delivery.

Chemical fingerprints of ancient supernovae found
A search of nearby galaxies for their oldest stars has uncovered two stars in the Sculptor dwarf galaxy that were born shortly after the galaxy formed, approximately 13 billion years ago.

Kavli Lecture: Mimicking nature's chemistry to solve global environmental problems
Theodore Betley, Ph.D., will present his pioneering work in catalysis, which could help harness greenhouse gases, during today's 'The Kavli Foundation Emerging Leader in Chemistry Lecture' at the 249th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Better debugger
A system to automatically find a common type of programming bug significantly outperforms its predecessors.

Along with antiretroviral medications, doctors may prescribe exercise for people with HIV
In addition to antiretroviral medications, people with HIV may soon begin receiving a home exercise plan from their doctors, according to a researcher at Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.

Is blood really thicker than water?
The outcome of a duel between mathematical models supports the reigning theory of the genetics of altruism.

Our solar system may have once harbored super-earths
New calculations and simulations by Caltech's Konstantin Batygin and UC Santa Cruz's Gregory Laughlin suggest that a number of super-Earths might have once existed in the inner solar system.

Stress management techniques improve long-term mood and quality of life
A new study shows that providing women with skills to manage stress early in their breast cancer treatment can improve their mood and quality of life many years later.

Policy makers should not discount the damages from future climate tipping points
Society should set a high carbon tax now to try and prevent climate change reaching a point of no return according to a new study.

Smoking in front of your kids may increase their risk of heart disease as adults
Kids exposed to their parents' smoking had a higher risk of developing clogged arteries in adulthood than those with non-smoking parents.

Access to clean water -- a question of lifestyle and fairness
eThekwini is a municipality in South Africa, where the town of Durban is located. eThekwini is pointed out as being a good example with regard to the distribution of water to all inhabitants and in 2014, eThekwini was given the Stockholm Industry Water Award.

New low-calorie rice could help cut rising obesity rates
Scientists have developed a new, simple way to cook rice that could cut the number of calories absorbed by the body by more than half, potentially reducing obesity rates, which is especially important in countries where the food is a staple.

Detecting cancer cells in blood can give an early warning of treatment failure
A blood test that measures the number of cells shed from prostate tumors into the bloodstream can act as an early warning sign that treatment is not working, a major new study shows.

UEA mathematicians solve 60-year-old problem
A 60-year-old maths problem put forward by Nobel laureate Enrico Fermi has been solved.

High-definition scans suggest effects of smoking may be seen in unborn babies
The harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy may be reflected in the facial movements of mothers' unborn babies, new research has suggested.

New research predicts a doubling of coastal erosion by mid-century in Hawai'i
Chronic erosion dominates the sandy beaches of Hawai'i, causing beach loss as it damages homes, infrastructure, and critical habitat.

Quantum correlation can imply causation
Contrary to the statistician's slogan, in the quantum world, certain kinds of correlations do imply causation.

Deuterated sigma-1 agonist showed anti-seizure activity in traumatic brain injury models
Research results published in the Journal of Neurotrauma and conducted by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research as part of a collaboration with Concert Pharmaceuticals, Inc. showed that a novel deuterium-containing sigma-1 agonist invented at Concert, called C-10068, demonstrated anti-seizure and anti-inflammatory effects in a preclinical model of traumatic brain injury.

QUT first Australian university to sign research deal with China's largest province
QUT Vice-Chancellor professor Peter Coaldrake today signed a landmark Agreement on Research Collaboration with China's Guangdong Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the first of its kind by an Australian university.

Metabolic compensation underlies drug resistance in glioblastoma
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation indicates that mTOR inhibitor resistance in gliobalstoma is likely the result of compensatory glutamine metabolism.

Highlights from the inaugural issue of ACS Central Science
Today, ACS is launching its first open-access multidisciplinary journal ACS Central Science.

World's largest asteroid impacts found in central Australia
A 400-kilometer-wide impact zone from a huge meteorite that broke in two moments before it slammed into the Earth has been found in Central Australia.

Legalizing marijuana and the new science of weed (video)
More than a year into Colorado's experiment legalizing marijuana, labs testing the plants are able for the first time to take stock of the drug's potency and contaminants -- and openly paint a picture of what's in today's weed.

Metformin and vitamin D3 show impressive promise in preventing colorectal cancer
The concept was simple: if two compounds each individually show promise in preventing colon cancer, surely it's worth trying the two together to see if even greater impact is possible.

Ascension of marine diatoms linked to vast increase in continental weathering
A team of researchers, including Rensselaer professor Morgan Schaller, has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms, a group of tiny marine algae that plays a key role in the global carbon cycle.

Stress management techniques improve long-term mood and quality of life
A new study shows that providing women with skills to manage stress early in their breast cancer treatment can improve their mood and quality of life many years later.

Experiments reveal key components of the body's machinery for battling deadly tularemia
Research led by scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has identified key molecules that trigger the immune system to launch an attack on the bacterium that causes tularemia.

Study may identify new cause of brain bleeds in fetuses and newborns
A newly discovered bodily process in mice may explain why some human fetuses who have different antigens than their mothers suffer life-threatening brain bleeds, according to a new study.

Mutations taking place only in the brain identified as the cause of intractable epilepsy
A Korean research team led by Professor Jeong Ho Lee at KAIST and Professor Dong-Seok Kim at Yonsei University College of Medicine has recently identified brain somatic mutations in the MTOR gene as the cause of FCDII, one of the most important and common inducers to intractable epilepsy.

Aggression and violence against doctors: Almost everyone is affected
Florian Vorderwulbecke and colleagues in the current issue of Deutsches Arzteblatt International investigate, for the first time, how often acts of violence and aggression against primary care physicians are committed in Germany.

Archeologists discover Maya 'melting pot'
A University of Arizona-led team of archaeologists working in Guatemala has unearthed new information about the Maya civilization's transition from a mobile, hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a sedentary way of life.

New chances for pharmacotherapy of primary ciliary dyskinesia patients
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a rare, genetic respiratory tract disorder leading to progressive pulmonary dysfunction.

Combination therapy boosts antiviral response to chronic infection
A Yale-led team has identified a promising new combination immunotherapy to enhance the body's ability to fight chronic viral infections and possibly cancer.

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells
A team of chemists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has set the stage for more efficient and sturdier portable electronic devices and possibly a new generation of solar cells based on organic materials.

From blue pill to blue light
Taking men's concerns seriously: ETH biotechnologists are developing a biotech solution for erectile dysfunction that consists of a gene construct and a blue light.

AMP submits written comments to FDA on next-generation sequencing regulation
AMP submitted written comments on March 20 to the FDA in response to the agency's request for feedback in association with its Feb.

Shape-shifting frog discovered in Ecuadorian Andes
A frog in Ecuador's western Andean cloud forest changes skin texture in minutes, appearing to mimic the texture it sits on.

OU engineering researcher reshapes military communications
Jessica Ruyle, electrical and computer engineering professor in the University of Oklahoma College of Engineering, is improving communication abilities for soldiers in the field by literally reshaping how they transmit communications.

Flower-enriched farms boost bee populations
Flower strips sown into farmers' fields not only attract bees but increase their numbers, new University of Sussex research has shown.

Scientists use DNA sequencing to trace the spread of drug-resistant TB
Scientists have for the first time used DNA sequencing to trace the fatal spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis between patients in the UK.

Hunger vs. reward: How do anorexics control their appetite?
Many adults, regardless of their weight, resolve to avoid fatty foods and unhealthy desserts.

CMU study finds location sharing by apps prompts privacy action
Many smartphone users know that free apps sometimes share private information with third parties, but few, if any, are aware of how frequently this occurs.

Wandering Jupiter accounts for our unusual solar system
Jupiter may have swept through the early solar system like a wrecking ball, destroying a first generation of inner planets before retreating into its current orbit, according to a new study.

A method to simplify pictures makes chemistry calculations a snap
A method smartphones use to simplify images when storage space is limited could help answer tough chemistry problems.

UAlberta clinical professor shows pain diaries may slow patient recovery
A study from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is calling into question the worth of pain diaries.

Research identifies novel steps in dementia progression
Research by biologists at the University of York has identified new mechanisms potentially driving progression of an aggressive form of dementia.

Insulin resistance linked to a human gene variant
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a gene that is strongly associated with the presence of many features of insulin resistance.

Blood thinning drug helps in understanding a natural HIV barrier
A blood thinning agent is helping researchers at the University of East Anglia understand more about the body's natural barriers to HIV.

Landmark study proves that magnets can control heat and sound
Researchers at the Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field.

A stiff new layer in Earth's mantle
By crushing minerals between diamonds, a University of Utah study suggests the existence of an unknown layer inside Earth: part of the lower mantle where the rock gets three times stiffer.

Blood test can help identify stroke risk following heart surgery
The results of a blood test done immediately after heart surgery can be a meaningful indicator of postoperative stroke risk, a study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has found.

Varied immunity by age 5 in children vaccinated with serogroup B meningococcus as babies
Young children who received the 4CMenB vaccine as infants to protect against serogroup B meningococcal disease had waning immunity by age 5, even after receiving a booster, according to new research in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Surviving in hostile territory
Many strange creatures live in the deep sea, but few are odder than archaea, primitive single-celled bacteria-like microorganisms.

Several breeds of dog in England killed by mysterious kidney disease
At least 30 dogs in England have been killed in less than 18 months by an unknown disease which causes skin lesions and kidney failure, reveals research published in Veterinary Record.

Kavli Lecture: Mining the secrets of carbohydrates for new leads on antibiotics (Video)
Laura Kiessling, Ph.D., will present new findings that could exploit differences between human and microbial carbohydrates to fight infections during today's 'The Fred Kavli Innovations in Chemistry Lecture' at the 249th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Delayed retirement could increase inequalities among seniors
Raising the age of eligibility for the Old Age Security pension and the Guaranteed Income Supplement will increase inequalities between older people, according to demographer Yves Carrière, of the University of Montreal.

NASA catches the 2-day life of Tropical Cyclone Reuben
Tropical Cyclone Reuben formed on Sunday, March 21, at 22:35 UTC in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and by March 23 was already dissipating.

Atlantic Ocean overturning found to slow down already today
The Atlantic overturning is one of Earth's most important heat transport systems, pumping warm water northwards and cold water southwards.

Rett Syndrome Research Trust awards $1.3 million for clinical trial
A surgical sedative may hold the key to reversing the devastating symptoms of a neurodevelopmental disorder found almost exclusively in females.

Nearly a decade apart, husband and wife get lifesaving heart implant to prevent strokes
It's been nearly a decade since Gheorghe Sandru received the heart implant that changed his life.

Research into brain's ability to heal itself offers hope for novel treatment of brain injury
Innovative angles of attack in research that focus on how the human brain protects and repairs itself will help develop treatments for one of the most common, costly, deadly and scientifically frustrating medical conditions worldwide: traumatic brain injury.

Researchers discover why drug for severe COPD becomes less effective
Roflumilast, a drug recently approved in the United States to treat severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), increases the production of a protein that causes inflammation, which possibly results in patients developing a tolerance to the drug after repeated use and makes the drug less effective, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Kumamoto University and the University of Rochester Medical Center.

UW scientists build a nanolaser using a single atomic sheet
University of Washington scientists have built a new nanometer-sized laser using a semiconductor that's only three atoms thick.

Implementing decision aids affects care decisions in urology
After Group Health Cooperative implemented video-based decision aids for men with two common prostate conditions, rates of elective surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia and rates of active treatment for localized prostate cancer declined over six months.

Soils help control radioactivity in Fukushima, Japan
Lead researcher Atsushi Nakao investigates the soil's physical and chemical properties in rice fields around Fukushima, Japan.

Combining the old and new to kill cancer cells
A team of Singapore based scientists have found that pairing a new approach with an old drug may be an effective approach to treat common cancers.

Skin microbiome may hold answers to protect threatened gold frogs from lethal fungus
Researchers discovered new information about the relationship between symbiotic microbial communities and amphibian disease resistance.

Sewage -- yes, poop -- could be a source of valuable metals and critical elements
Poop could be a goldmine -- literally. Surprisingly, treated solid waste contains gold, silver and other metals, as well as rare elements such as palladium and vanadium that are used in electronics and alloys.

Good news for serial cereal eaters
A diet high in whole grains and cereal fibers is associated with a reduced risk of premature death, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

A mathematical explanation for the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam system problem first proposed in 1953
A team of researchers, led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute professor Yuri Lvov, has found an elegant explanation for the long-standing Fermi-Pasta-Ulam problem, first proposed in 1953, investigated with one of the world's first digital computers, and now considered the foundation of experimental mathematics.

Sweeping prostate cancer review upends widely held belief on radiation after surgery
Two new studies have upended the widely held view that it's best to delay radiation treatment as long as possible after the removal of the prostate in order to prevent unwanted side effects.

Number of births may affect mom's future heart health, UT Southwestern cardiologists find
Women who give birth to four or more children are more likely to have cardiovascular changes that can be early indicators of heart disease than women who have fewer children, new research by UT Southwestern Medical Center cardiologists finds.

A rehearsal space with musicians 2,700 kilometers apart from each other
Making concerts possible with musicians separated by vast distances with minimal latency -- delay between a musical performance and listening or recording -- is the aim of a joint project of the Supercomputing Centre of Galicia and the University of Santiago de Compostela.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine March 24, 2015
The US Preventive Services Task Force concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to recommend for or against screening for thyroid dysfunction in nonpregnant, asymptomatic adults.

Expanding Medicaid under ACA helped to identify 23 percent more people with previously undiagnosed diabetes
States that have expanded their Medicaid programs under the Affordable Care Act are capturing an increased number of people with previously undiagnosed diabetes, allowing them to begin treatment earlier, potentially reducing complications and other negative outcomes, according to a study being published online today and in the May issue of Diabetes Care.

The Lancet: WHO's new End TB Strategy
On May 19, 2014, the 67th World Health Assembly adopted WHO's 'Global strategy and targets for tuberculosis prevention, care and control after 2015.'

Cytomegalovirus hijacks human enzyme for replication
Researchers at Princeton have discovered that cytomegalovirus manipulates a process called fatty acid elongation, which makes the very-long-chain fatty acids necessary for virus replication.

Unraveling cystic fibrosis puzzle, taking it personally matters
A comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of human lung bacteria from a uniquely detailed, long-term data set has discovered a previously unknown relationship between population changes in a single bacterial species and subsequent flare-ups of disease in cystic fibrosis.

Infectious diseases and the law
The Summer Program will bring together leading practitioners, policymakers, advocates, and academics in global health to explore the role and implications of law in the global response to infectious diseases.

Exercise linked to improved erectile and sexual function in men
Men who exercise more have better erectile and sexual function, regardless of race, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Catching and releasing tiny molecules
Employing an ingenious microfluidic design that combines chemical and mechanical properties, a team of Harvard scientists has demonstrated a new way of detecting and extracting biomolecules from fluid mixtures.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Nathan over Australia's Top End
Tropical Cyclone Nathan moved from Queensland, Australia west across the Gulf Carpentaria and is now crossing The Top End.

Comparing the genomes of the leprosy bacteria
EPFL scientists have compared for the first time the genomes of the two bacteria species that cause leprosy.

Prehistoric super salamander was top predator, fossils suggest
A previously undiscovered species of crocodile-like amphibian that lived during the rise of dinosaurs was among Earth's top predators more than 200 million years ago, a study shows.

How much math, science homework is too much?
When it comes to adolescents with math and science homework, more isn't necessarily better -- an hour a day is optimal -- but doing it alone and regularly produces the biggest knowledge gain, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

New membranes deliver clean water more efficiently
Researchers from the Melbourne School of Engineering at the University of Melbourne, in conjunction with CSIRO, have developed new membranes or micro-filters that will result in clean water in a much more energy efficient manner.

Conscientiousness in childhood is a predictor of adult smoking behavior
Conscientious children are less likely to smoke in later life and the personality trait could help explain health inequalities, indicates a study published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Global water use may outstrip supply by mid-century
Population growth could cause demand for water to outpace supply by mid-century if current use levels continue.

New cystic fibrosis research could help develop treatments to improve muscle function
People suffering from cystic fibrosis have less ability to uptake and use oxygen in their muscles, which leads to exercise intolerance, a study published today in Experimental Physiology concluded.

Discontinuing statins for patients with life limiting illness
Discontinuing statin use in patients with late-stage cancer and other terminal illnesses may help improve patients' quality of life without causing other adverse health effects, according to a new study by led by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and Duke University and funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to