Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 25, 2015
Carnegie Mellon's automated braille writing tutor wins Touch of Genius prize
An innovative device developed by Carnegie Mellon University's TechBridgeWorld research group to help visually impaired students learn how to write Braille using a slate and stylus is the winner of the 2014 Louis Braille Touch of Genius Prize for Innovation.

Researchers solve science behind scalp cooling and the reasons for hair loss in cancer treatment
HAIR loss is one of the most distressing side-effects of cancer treatment and can even deter some patients from undergoing life-saving chemotherapy.

Nanorobotic agents open the blood-brain barrier, offering hope for new brain treatments
Magnetic nanoparticles can open the blood-brain barrier and deliver molecules directly to the brain, say researchers from the University of Montreal, Polytechnique Montréal, and CHU Sainte-Justine.

Control switch that modulates cell stress response may be key to multiple diseases
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a control switch for the unfolded protein response, a cellular stress relief mechanism drawing major scientific interest because of its role in cancer, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and several neural degenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Vanderbilt and Pittsburgh to lead new center to identify toxic chemicals
EPA is establishing a new center at Vanderbilt University and the University of Pittsburgh to develop an alternative approach for toxicity testing to help evaluate the safety of the 80,000-plus chemicals in general commerce.

$25 million 'green light' for UK's first Compound Semiconductor Research Foundation
A $25.8 million (£17.3 million) award that will put Cardiff University at the cutting edge of semiconductor technology has been announced by UK government.

NASA-NOAA satellite sees semnants of ex-Tropical Cyclone Nathan
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Nathan over the southern Top End of Australia's Northern Territory on March 25.NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Nathan over the southern Top End of Australia's Northern Territory on March 25.

Global health experts outline lessons to be learned from Ebola epidemic
While the international response to the Ebola epidemic included unprecedented measures that appeared to be gaining control of the outbreak by the end of 2014, the past year has also revealed critical weaknesses in the global public health system.

USF team discovers organic compounds to improve heart health, small vessel disease
University of South Florida scientists have identified a group of compounds with the potential for beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system and small vessel disease while researching grape seed extracts discovered at USF.

People who suffer migraine headaches may be at double the risk of stroke
Loyola University Medical Center neurologists Michael Star, M.D., and José Biller, M.D., describe the association between migraine headaches and stroke in the new text 'Headache and Migraine Biology and Management.'

Lemur teeth help take a bite out of Madagascar's mysteries
New UC research on lemurs' geographic mobility may help direct future conservation efforts on Madagascar.

For most children with HIV and low immune cell count, cells rebound after treatment
Most children with HIV who have low levels of a key immune cell eventually recover levels of this cell after they begin treatment.

A mile deep, ocean fish facing health impacts from human pollution
Deep-water marine fish living on the continental slopes at depths from 2,000 feet to one mile have liver pathologies, tumors and other health problems that may be linked to human-caused pollution, one of the first studies of its type has found.

Robots on reins could be the 'eyes' of firefighters
Firefighters moving through smoke-filled buildings could save vital seconds and find it easier to identify objects and obstacles, thanks to revolutionary reins that enable robots to act like guide dogs.

Improving health-care outcomes is focus of HFES 2015 Symposium on HF/E in Health Care
The program for the upcoming health-care symposium is being finalized, featuring more than 200 presentations by researchers, physicians and other health-care providers, medical device designers, policy-makers, health IT professionals, and biomedical engineers.

Use of minimally invasive surgery could lower health care costs by hundreds of millions a year
A new analysis of surgical outcomes nationwide concludes that more use of minimally invasive surgery for certain common procedures can dramatically reduce post-operative complications and shave hundreds of millions of dollars off the nation's health care bill.

Study announces a durable vaccine for Ebola
A new study shows the durability of a novel 'disseminating' cytomegalovirus-based Ebola virus vaccine strategy that may eventually have the potential to reduce ebolavirus infection in wild African ape species.

Beautiful minds: NYU Courant Professor Nirenberg, Princeton's John Nash win Abel Prize
Louis Nirenberg, a professor emeritus at NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, has been awarded the Abel Prize in Mathematics by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters for his work in the area of partial differential equations.

George Washington University to hold national conference on integrating health and legal care
The National Center for Medical-Legal Partnership, part of Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University, will host its tenth annual conference on April 9-10, 2015, in McLean, Va., to discuss how to better address the social and legal problems negatively impacting the health of 50 million low-income Americans.

Local cults of saints had a role in Christianisation
There is a clear link between the celebration of native saints and the ecclesiastical organisation that emerged in Scandinavia in the 12th century.

Head injury patients show signs of faster aging in the brain
People who have suffered serious head injuries show changes in brain structure resembling those seen in older people, according to a new study.

Perceived open-mindedness explains religion-based dating
Across a number of faiths and cultures, people tend to date and marry others who share their religious beliefs.

Damselfly war games
Before a male damselfly enters into a duel of aerial sparring, it first works out its strategy.

Food additive could serve as a safer, more environmentally friendly antifreeze
The sweet taste and smell of antifreeze tempts children and animals to drink the poisonous substance, resulting in thousands of accidental poisonings in the United States every year.

Like Angelina Jolie, study pinpoints genetic cause of increased leukemia risk
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Nature Genetics describes a newly-discovered, heritable genetic cause of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, namely mutation of the gene ETV6.

Prenatal exposure to common air pollutants linked to cognitive and behavioral impairment
Researchers have found a powerful relationship between prenatal PAH exposure and disturbances in parts of the brain that support information processing and behavioral control.

Pitt team identifies mutations associated with development of congenital heart disease
Fetal ultrasound exams on more than 87,000 mice that were exposed to chemicals that can induce random gene mutations enabled developmental biologists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine to identify mutations associated with congenital heart disease in 61 genes, many not previously known to cause the disease.

Sensor cable monitors fences of all kinds and can even detect low-level drone fly-bys
Fenced-in areas, such as airports, nuclear power stations, industrial sites, or private plots of land, can now be monitored thanks to novel sensor technology that has been developed by a team of experimental physicists, led by Professor Uwe Hartmann at Saarland University.

Gastrointestinal symptoms reported by moms more common in kids with autism
Gastrointestinal symptoms reported by mothers were more common and more often persistent in the first three years of life in children with autism spectrum disorder than in children with typical development and developmental delay, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Behind the dogmas of good old hydrodynamics
A new theory, which gives new insights into the transport of liquid flowing along the surface under applied electric field, was developed by the group of Russian scientists lead by Olga Vinogradova from Lomonosov Moscow State University and Frumkin Institute of Physical chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Just right: A spider's tale
A new study from the University of Missouri shows that southern house spiders are making size-related choices about holes and cavities in which to build their nests.

Majority of parents unaware of safe pitching practices
A new study presented today at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that 53 percent of the parents/caregivers of youth baseball pitchers are unaware of safe pitching practices designed to prevent overuse injuries -- common tears or damage, most often to the elbow or shoulder -- which can cause pain, lost play time and, if not treated appropriately, arthritis, deformity and disability.

Nash receives Abel Prize for revered work in mathematics
Princeton University mathematician John Nash received the 2015 Abel Prize from the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters for his seminal work on partial differential equations, which are used to describe the basic laws of scientific phenomena.

Researchers discover genetic origins of myelodysplastic syndrome using stem cells
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) -- adult cells reprogrammed back to an embryonic stem cell-like state -- may better model the genetic contributions patient's particular disease.

Snowflakes become square with a little help from graphene
An atomically thin layer of water freezes at room temperature to form square ice with symmetry completely alien to water molecules, University of Manchester researchers have found.

Medicaid is a very good investment even if it does not lower cholesterol or blood pressure
Researchers analyzed the results of the Oregon Health Experiment, where eligible uninsured individuals were randomly assigned Medicaid or to stay with their current care.

Goodbye to sunburn thanks to Queen's sunburn indicator
Sunbathers could soon tell when to take shelter in the shade thanks to an early warning sunburn indicator, developed by Queen's University Belfast.

New autism-causing genetic variant identified
Using a novel approach that homes in on rare families severely affected by autism, a Johns Hopkins-led team of researchers has identified a new genetic cause of the disease.

Effect of natural sweetener Xylitol in preventing tooth decay still unproven
New research from The University of Manchester out today concludes that there is limited evidence to show that xylitol is effective in preventing dental cavities in children and adults.

Study finds why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat
Medication used to treat patients with type II diabetes activates sensors on brain cells that increase hunger, causing people taking this drug to gain more body fat, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Oregon Health and Science University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood Veterans Administration Medical Center.

More big storms increase tropical rainfall totals
Increasing rainfall in certain parts of the tropics, colloquially described as the wet get wetter and warm get wetter, has long been a projection of climate change.

CeBIT: Panoramas for your tablet
Most people are familiar with the fictional world of 'Star Trek,' in which the characters can use a holodeck to create and interact with virtual worlds.

Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain
Carbon nanotube fibers invented at Rice University may provide the best way to communicate directly with the brain.

Emergency medicine physicians urge colleagues to help prevent gun violence
In an editorial posted online today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine, two practicing emergency medicine physicians from the University of California, Davis, and Brown University -- both thought leaders at the forefront of finding solutions to the public health crisis of gun violence -- urge their colleagues to take direct action to protect the health and safety of patients and communities.

Ancient Martian lake system records 2 water-related events
Researchers from Brown University have completed a new analysis of an ancient Martian lake system in Jezero Crater, near the planet's equator.

Variety of DBT interventions with therapists effective at reducing suicide attempts
A variety of dialectical behavior therapy interventions helped to reduce suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury acts in a randomized clinical trial of women with borderline personality disorder who were highly suicidal, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Marine ϖ-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake is associated with lower risk of MSI-high CRC
High intake of marine ϖ-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with lower risk of microsatellite instable (MSI) colorectal cancers (CRCs) but not microsatellite stable CRCs, according to a new study published March 25 in the JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Research reveals high prevalence of sleep disordered breathing in adults with sickle cell
Adults with sickle cell disease who report trouble with sleep could actually have a clinical diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing which could lower their oxygen levels at night.

Work site wellness centers equate to weight loss and health care savings, Mayo expert says
As employees and employers face higher health care costs, work site wellness are becoming increasingly more important to help control the costs of health care and encourage healthy lifestyle behaviors among the workforce, a Mayo Clinic study says.

This week from AGU: Q&A with Rex Buchanan, solar storm satellite, pollution from aquifers
This week from AGU: a Q&A with Rex Buchanan, solar storm satellite and pollution from aquifers.

Study maps development 1 county at a time
Researchers at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry have developed a county-by-county map of the United States' 'lower 48' that tells a story of land cover and development across the nation, and could provide a framework for planners and policy makers as they consider future development.

Ebola more deadly for young children
Ebola progresses more quickly and is more likely to be fatal for children under five, according to new research.

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean
University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton -- tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web -- appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by climate change.

Team discovers link between lifestyles of indigenous communities & gut microbial ecologies
An international team of researchers led by the University of Oklahoma has discovered a strong association between the lifestyles of indigenous communities and their gut microbial ecologies (gut microbiome), a study that may have implications for the health of all people.

Risk factors associated with overweight cluster already in children
Lifestyle-related cardiometabolic risk factors cluster already in children in the same way as in adults, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: New score predicts heart disease and stroke risk for anyone in world aged over 40
For the first time, scientists have developed a new risk score that can predict the 10-year risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke in persons aged 40 years or older in any world country.

Education may not improve our life chances of happiness
Getting a good education may not improve your life chances of happiness, according to new mental health research from the University of Warwick.

Supermassive black hole clears star-making gas from galaxy's core
A new study in the journal Nature, published March 26, 2015, provides the first observational evidence that a supermassive black hole at the center of a large galaxy can power huge, wide-angled outpourings of material from deep inside the galaxy's core.

Unexplained warm layer discovered in Venus' atmosphere
A group of Russian, European and American scientists have found a warm layer in Venus' atmosphere, the nature of which is still unknown.

Morphing wings help drones manage collisions
Researchers in the US have taken inspiration from nature to create a robotic wing that can recover from mid-air collisions.

Common bacteria on verge of becoming antibiotic-resistant superbugs
Antibiotic resistance is poised to spread globally among bacteria frequently implicated in respiratory and urinary infections in hospital settings, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Public Health Responsibility Deal unlikely to be an effective response to alcohol harms
Harmful alcohol consumption in England is unlikely to be reduced by the Public Health Responsibility Deal because the majority of its interventions are ineffective, poorly reported or were already happening anyway, according to new research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Business people prefer working in their cars instead of trains, planes and airports
Noisy and cramped conditions in trains, planes and airports are discouraging many commuters and business people from working while travelling, new research shows.

Questions over value of new antibiotics to tackle resistance
This week, The BMJ raises questions over the value of new antibiotics and other medical products approved through fast-tracked approval policies.

Just slip out the back, Jack
When it comes to romantic relationships, a research review article by a Saint Louis University faculty member suggests humans are wired to break up and move on.

Study underscores complexity of geopolitics in the age of the Aztec empire
New findings from an international team of archaeological researchers highlight the complexity of geopolitics in Aztec era Mesoamerica and illustrate how the relationships among ancient states extended beyond warfare and diplomacy to issues concerning trade and the flow of goods.

Patricia Hall, Ph.D., earns 2015 King Trainee Award for best publication, Genetics in Medicine
Patricia L. Hall, Ph.D., FACMG of Emory University is the recipient of the 2015 Richard King Trainee Award.

Mitigating reptile road mortality
Ecopassages may be less effective reptile road mortality mitigation tools when fences fail to keep reptiles from accessing the road.

Pregnant women not getting enough omega-3, critical for infant development
The APrON team studied the first 600 women in the cohort during and after their pregnancy to see whether they were consuming enough omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega 3-LCPUFA) to meet current recommendations.

Suzaku, Herschel link a black-hole 'wind' to a galactic gush of star-forming gas
By combining observations from the Japan-led Suzaku X-ray satellite and the European Space Agency's infrared Herschel Space Observatory, scientists have connected a fierce 'wind' produced near a galaxy's monster black hole to an outward torrent of cold gas a thousand light-years across.

Dr. Lewis C. Cantley wins 2015 Canada Gairdner International Award
Dr. Lewis C. Cantley, the Meyer Director of the Sandra and Edward Meyer Cancer Center, has won the 2015 Canada Gairdner International Award from the Gairdner Foundation for his groundbreaking discovery of a family of enzymes that are fundamental to understanding cancer.

Imaging study suggests prenatal air pollution exposure may be bad for kids' brains
A small imaging study suggests prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the toxic air pollution caused in part by vehicle emissions, coal burning and smoking, may be bad for children's brains and may contribute to slower processing speeds and behavioral problems, including attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder symptoms, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Thin air, high altitudes cause depression in female rats
Researchers believe reduced oxygen intake contributes to the problem.

Experience saves lives: Advanced life-support study reveals differences in survival rates
An advanced form of life support that takes over for the failing hearts and lungs of critically ill patients saves lives.

Snapchat or Facebook -- which one is more likely to elicit romantic jealousy?
The photo-sharing app Snapchat is not yet as popular as Facebook for social networking, but the greater privacy Snapchat may offer could motivate users to share more intimate types of content for different purposes.

Global Oncology launches Global Cancer Project Map for cancer research access with NCI
Nonprofit Global Oncology, Inc. today announced the launch of the Global Cancer Project Map, a first-of-its-kind online resource and virtual information exchange for connecting the global cancer community.

New insights into little known but common birth defect: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Although many genetic mutations have been linked to congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a new study from the University of Utah School of Medicine is the first to demonstrate a linkage between genetic variation and a physiological mechanism that gives rise to defects in the diaphragm.

Drinking raw milk dramatically increases risk for foodborne illness, analysis finds
An analysis conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future found that the risks of drinking raw -- unpasteurized -- cow's milk are significant.

30 new species discovered in Los Angeles in first-ever intensive urban biodiversity survey
A new paper Zootaxa describes 30 new insect species of the fly family Phoridae.

Hospitals and physicians should improve communication for better patient care
Coordinating patient care between hospital clinicians and primary-care physicians is a significant challenge due to poor communication and gaps in information-sharing strategies, according to a study led by physicians at the School of Medicine of the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

Florida Tech study finds climate refuges where corals survive, grow
As rising ocean temperatures continue to fuel the disappearance of reef-building corals, a new study from Florida Tech finds there may be some climate refuges where corals will survive in the future.

The Lancet: Phase 1 trial of first Ebola vaccine based on 2014 virus strain shows vaccine is safe and provokes an immune response
Results from the first Phase 1 trial of an Ebola vaccine based on the current strain of the virus are today published in The Lancet.

18 new priority programs
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will establish 18 new Priority Programmes, in which researchers will investigate fundamental scientific questions in particularly topical or emerging areas of research over the next few years.

Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Medical Genetics Training Award in Clinical Biochemical Genetics
Amy Kritzer, M.D., of Boston Children's Hospital and Ronit Marom, M.D., Ph.D., of Baylor College of Medicine were honored as the 2015-2016 recipients of the Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Medical Genetics Training Award in Clinical Biochemical Genetics at the ACMG 2015 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah.

A difficult climate: New study examines the media's response to the IPCC
A study, published today in the journal Nature Climate Change, has for the first time analysed how Twitter, TV and newspapers reported the IPCC's climate evidence.

The state of vaccine confidence: Early results of a Vaccine Confidence Index
A new report from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine examines global issues affecting confidence and hesitation about vaccines.

Autistic children more likely to have GI issues in early life
Scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report that children with autism spectrum disorder were two-and-a-half times more likely to have persistent gastrointestinal symptoms as infants and toddlers than children with typical development.

Researchers help create 'gold standard' method for measuring an early sign of Alzheimer's
After six years of painstaking research, a UCLA-led team has validated the first standardized protocol for measuring one of the earliest signs of Alzheimer's disease -- the atrophy of the part of the brain known as the hippocampus.

Algae from clogged waterways could serve as biofuels and fertilizer
Water-borne algal blooms from farm fertilizer runoff can destroy aquatic life and clog rivers and lakes, but scientists will report today that they are working on a way to clean up these environmental scourges and turn them into useful products.

Coastal property values could erode if nourishment subsidies end
The value of many oceanfront properties on the East Coast could drop dramatically if Congress were to suddenly end federal beach nourishment subsidies.

Study identifies low back pain risk factors
New research presented today at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons identifies nicotine dependence, obesity, alcohol abuse and depressive disorders as risk factors for low back pain, a common condition causing disability, missed work, high medical costs and diminished life quality.

ORNL-led team demonstrates desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane
Desalination is an energy-intensive process, which concerns those wanting to expand its application.

Researchers find promising new biomarkers for concussion
A panel of four readily detectable blood proteins can accurately indicate concussion, even helping distinguishing it from other injuries, according to a new study.

UTMB scientists use immunotherapy to reduce memory problems with Alzheimer's disease
A new study from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has revealed that a single dose of an immunotherapy reverses memory problems in an animal model of Alzheimer's disease.

Studies of health information exchanges yet to show strong evidence of benefits, IU paper says
Health information exchanges are supposed to improve the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care, but there is little evidence of that in existing health information exchange benefit studies, according to a research paper published this month in the prestigious journal Health Affairs.

Study compares the cost, benefit of three uterine-conserving treatments for fibroids
The relative cost, benefits, and complications of three minimally invasive techniques for reducing or eliminating symptomatic uterine fibroids are being compared in women who don't have cancer and want to preserve their uterus.

A new spin on Saturn's peculiar rotation
The precise measurement of Saturn's rotation has presented a great challenge to scientists, as different parts of this sweltering ball of hydrogen and helium rotate at different speeds whereas its rotation axis and magnetic pole are aligned.

Thousands of atoms entangled with a single photon
Physicists from MIT and the University of Belgrade have developed a new technique that can successfully entangle 3,000 atoms using only a single photon.

Hydrolyzed fish fertilizer tested in organic vegetable production
A two-year study evaluated an organic fish fertilizer in a squash/collard rotation, and compared its effectiveness to inorganic sources.

Mobile battery life can be prolonged with system settings
Researchers explain the energy impact of smartphone system settings, and their results show how to improve a mobile device's battery lifetime by adjusting the settings.

ASHG and ESHG issue position statement on non-invasive prenatal screening
Two professional societies of human geneticists have issued a position statement on the promise and challenges of non-invasive prenatal testing, a procedure to test blood drawn from pregnant mothers for Down syndrome and other chromosomal disorders in the fetus.

£1.1 million study to reduce cognitive problems in people with MS
Experts in Nottingham are leading a major new study into how people with multiple sclerosis could overcome problems with attention and memory associated to their condition.

UT Dallas engineering professor earns award for influential audiovisual study
Electrical engineering professor Dr. Carlos Busso is the inaugural recipient of a 10-Year Technical Impact Award given by an Association for Computing Machinery group for his work on one of the first studies about audiovisual emotion recognition.

Rare-earth innovation to improve nylon manufacturing
The Critical Materials Institute, a US Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory, has created a new chemical process that makes use of the widely available rare-earth metal cerium to improve the manufacture of nylon.

Dr. Luria, Mori and Robak receive Pfizer/ACMG Foundation Translational Genomic Fellowship Award
Anne O'Donnell Luria, M.D., Ph.D., of Boston Children's Hospital, Mari Mori, M.D., of Duke University, and Laurie Robak M.D., Ph.D., of Baylor College of Medicine were honored as the 2015-2016 recipients of the Pfizer/ACMG Foundation Clinical Genetics Combined Residency for Translational Genomic Scholars Fellowship Award at the ACMG 2015 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Greenhouse gases unbalanced
The conversion of arctic and boreal wetlands into agricultural land results in an additional cumulative radiative forcing of about 0,1 MilliJoule (mJ) per square meter for the next 100 years.

Habitat loss threatens the world's felids
Almost half of the 36 species of felids that live in the wild in the world are at threat, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

New model for predicting cardiovascular disease risk worldwide
Researchers have developed the first global model for predicting cardiovascular disease risk.

Patented: A new, safer and cheaper artificial duct for anastomosis
Researchers from the University of Granada and the Andalusian regional Health Service have patented a new device for use in procedures that involve anastomosis.

Explosions of Jupiter's aurora linked to extraordinary planet-moon interaction
New observations of the planet's extreme ultraviolet emissions show that bright explosions of Jupiter's aurora likely also get kicked off by the planet-moon interaction, not by solar activity.

MDC researchers greatly increase precision of new genome editing tool
CRISPR-Cas9 is a powerful new tool for editing the genome.

Blood test can help some bowel cancer patients avoid unnecessary drug side-effects
Manchester researchers have provided early evidence to suggest that a blood test could be used to identify bowel cancer patients that may benefit from more intensive chemotherapy.

Promising drug a 'new paradigm' for treating leukemia
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have developed a compound that delays leukemia in mice and effectively kills leukemia cells in human tissue samples, raising hopes that the drug could lead to improved treatments in people.

Does your password pass muster?
New research from Concordia University exposes the weakness of password strength meters, and shows consumers should remain sceptical when the bar turns green in order to create strong passwords.

Power vest
Each year millions of people within the EU injure themselves in the course of their work due to picking up heavy loads or from one-sided movements -- ending up with serious health issues.

Will you ever pay off your student loan?
Would-be participants of higher education must be given full and transparent advice before they accumulate debts as students that follow them into the workplace, according to a report published in the International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education.

Mobile DNA sequencer shows potential for disease surveillance
A pocket-sized device that can rapidly determine the sequence of an organism's DNA has shown its potential in disease detection, according to a study published in the open access, open data journal GigaScience.

Stem cells make similar decisions to humans
Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have captured thousands of progenitor cells of the pancreas on video.

Mental health disorders complicate standards used by ACA to penalize hospitals for readmission
Co-existing psychiatric illness should be considered in assessing hospital readmissions for three common medical conditions used by Medicare and Medicaid to penalize hospitals with 'excessive' readmission rates.

HBV exposure matures infants' immune systems
A Singapore led study has shown that Hepatitis B Virus Infection exposure increases the immune system maturation of infants, which may give a better survival advantage to counteract bacterial infection during early life.

NC Pre-K children outpace normal expectations through kindergarten
'Students made progress on most skills through kindergarten at an even greater rate than would be expected for normal developmental growth,' said Ellen Peisner-Feinberg, director of FPG's National Pre-K and Early Learning Evaluation Center.

Protecting nerve tissue during bowel surgery
After bowel surgery, more than half of the patients suffer from irreparable nerve damage.
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