Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 26, 2015
Fitness level associated with lower risk of some cancers, death in men
Men with a high fitness level in midlife appear to be at lower risk for lung and colorectal cancer, but not prostate cancer, and that higher fitness level also may put them at lower risk of death if they are diagnosed with cancer when they're older, according to a study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Engineers develop new methods to speed up simulations in computational grand challenge
Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new family of methods to significantly increase the speed of time-resolved numerical simulations in computational grand challenge problems.

Genetic mutation helps explain why, in rare cases, flu can kill
A small number of children who catch the influenza virus fall so ill they end up in the hospital even while their family and friends recover easily.

2°C climate change target 'utterly inadequate'
The official global target of a 2°C temperature rise is 'utterly inadequate' for protecting those at most risk from climate change, says a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, writing in the open-access journal Climate Change Responses.

Queen's University leads international research program in precision cancer medicine
Queen's University Belfast is leading a major new international initiative into modern cancer care medicine which was announced today in Washington, D.C.

Study adds evidence on link between PTSD, heart disease
In a study of more than 8,000 veterans in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands, those with posttraumatic stress disorder had a nearly 50 percent greater risk of developing heart failure.

A decade in, have Australia's no-take reserves protected life on the Reef?
The expansion of no-take marine reserves within Australia's Great Barrier Reef Marine Park more than a decade ago is working to protect fish just as experts had hoped it would, say researchers who have been monitoring the reef via underwater surveys.

Dr. Elizabeth Jaffee honored with AACR-Joseph Burchenal Award for Clinical Cancer Research
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will honor Elizabeth M.

Researchers identify timeline for HIV replication in the brain
Researchers discover HIV can begin replicating in the brain as early as four months after initial infection.

AACR recognizes Dr. Sara A. Courtneidge with 2015 Women in Cancer Research Lecture
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will award the 18th annual AACR-Women in Cancer Research Charlotte Friend Memorial Lectureship to Sara A.

Mexican Americans confront high disability rates in later life
Life expectancy for Hispanics in the US currently outpaces other ethnic groups, yet a new study finds that Mexican Americans -- especially women who were born in Mexico -- are spending a high proportion of their later years with some form of disability, a fact that suggests a growing need for community assistance and long-term care in the future.

BU/BMC study finds the role of genes is greater with living to older ages
Genes appear to play a stronger role in longevity in people living to extreme older ages, according to a study of siblings led by Boston University and Boston Medical Center researchers.

Novel plastic could spur new green energy applications, 'artificial muscles'
A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait: It can produce electricity when pulled or pressed.

World's leading experts in bone, muscle and joint diseases open key congress in Milan
World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, the largest Meeting in the field, will open today in Milan Italy.

Bats obey 'traffic rules' when trawling for food
Foraging bats obey their own set of 'traffic rules,' chasing, turning and avoiding collisions at high speed according to new research publishing in PLOS Computational Biology.

The 2015 HFSP Career Development Awards
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization has selected eight of its fellowship holders to receive the highly sought after Career Development Award.

Twice the coral trout in Great Barrier Reef protected zones
Twice the coral trout in Great Barrier Reef protected zones Coral trout in protected 'green zones' are not only bigger and more abundant than those in fished 'blue zones' of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, but they are also better able to cope with cyclone damage, according to a long-term study published today in Current Biology.

A global index of wellbeing one goal of new Canadian QE2 Scholarships
Two researchers from the University of Waterloo recently received funding for Canadian Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Scholarships.

What if the severity of our seasonal influenza were related to our genetic background?
While most of us recover from influenza after a week, it can be a very severe disease, and even fatal in rare cases, with no reason for physicians to have expected such an outcome.

Researcher overcomes radiation resistance in leukemia with an engineered precision medicine
A team of researchers led by Fatih M. Uckun, MD, PhD, of The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Professor at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine has determined that radiation resistance in leukemia can be overcome by using an engineered protein they recently designed and developed as a new precision medicine against leukemia.

Roseroot herb shows promise as potential depression treatment option, Penn team finds
Rhodiola rosea (R. rosea), or roseroot, may be a beneficial treatment option for major depressive disorder, according to results of a study in the journal Phytomedicine led by Jun J.

Chemistry professor secures grant to explore the hidden habits of the three-toed amphiuma
For the past six years, Pojman has studied a population of more than 50 animals living in a small Baton Rouge pond in an effort to learn more about the elusive three-toed amphiuma.

Designer's toolkit for dynamic DNA nanomachines
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have demonstrated a new approach to joining -- and reconfiguring -- modular DNA building units, by snapping together complementary shapes instead of zipping together strings of base pairs.

Sea slug provides new way of analyzing brain data
Scientists say our brains may not be as complicated as we once thought -- and they're using sea slugs to prove it.

How the human immune system keeps TB at bay
A new tissue culture model using human white blood cells shows how people with a latent -- or symptom-free -- tuberculosis infection are protected from active disease by a critical early step in their immune response, researchers say.

Agricultural waste could be used as biofuel
Straw-powered cars could be a thing of the future thanks to new research from the University of East Anglia.

One in 4 high school seniors now try smoking water pipes
Despite declines in the number of youths who smoke cigarettes, hookah or water pipe use continues to rise among Canadian youth, a new study from the University of Waterloo reports.

Middle-age hip replacements nearly double from 2002-2011
The number of total hip replacements nearly doubled among middle-aged patients between 2002-2011, primarily due to the expansion of the middle-aged population in the US.

Chemists make new silicon-based nanomaterials
Chemists from Brown University have found a way to make new 2-D, graphene-like semiconducting nanomaterials using an old standby of the semiconductor world: silicon.

Ebola whole virus vaccine shown effective, safe in primates
An Ebola whole virus vaccine, constructed using a novel experimental platform, has been shown to effectively protect monkeys exposed to the often fatal virus.

Intergenerational transmission of abuse and neglect more complicated than previously believed
A study led by Cathy Spatz Widom, Distinguished Professor of Psychology at John Jay College, found that offspring of parents with histories of child abuse and neglect are themselves at risk for childhood neglect and sexual abuse but not physical abuse.

How did the chicken cross the sea?
It may sound like the makings of a joke, but answering the question of how chickens crossed the sea may soon provide more than just a punch line.

Researchers master gene editing technique in mosquito that transmits deadly diseases
Rockefeller University researchers have successfully harnessed a technique, CRISPR-Cas9 editing, to use in an important and understudied species: the mosquito, Aedes aegypti, which infects hundreds of millions of people annually with the deadly diseases chikungunya, yellow fever, and dengue fever.

NTU Singapore charges ahead globally in education and research
Nanyang Technological University is now recognized as the world's fastest rising young university by Times Higher Education.

Women fare better than men following total knee, hip replacement
While women may have their first total joint replacement at an older age, they are less likely to have complications related to their surgery or require revision surgery, according to a new study presented today at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Swirling currents deliver phytoplankton carbon to ocean depths
Just as crocus and daffodil blossoms signal renewal and the start of a warmer season on land, a similar 'greening' event -- a massive phytoplankton bloom -- unfolds each spring in the Atlantic Ocean from Bermuda to the Arctic.

UChicago Materials Research Center receives $20.6 million grant
The National Science Foundation has renewed funding for the University of Chicago's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center for another six years with a $20.6 million grant.

Penn Medicine study: In debated surgical procedure, technique trumps technology
A team of orthopedic surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that modern technology for healing distal femur fractures is as safe and effective as its more established alternative, without a potential shortfall of the older approach.

New study shows bacteria can use magnetic particles to create a 'natural battery'
New research shows bacteria can use tiny magnetic particles to effectively create a 'natural battery.' According to work published in journal Science on March 27, the bacteria can load electrons onto and discharge electrons from microscopic particles of magnetite.

Galaxy clusters collide; dark matter still a mystery
When galaxy clusters collide, their dark matters pass through each other, with very little interaction.

International collaboration essential in fight against rabies, new study finds
A new study, published today in the journal PloS Neglected Tropical Diseases has given new insights into the spread of rabies in the Middle East, showing that the deadly disease regularly moves between countries in the region.

Dark matter even darker than once thought
Astronomers using observations from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have studied how dark matter in clusters of galaxies behaves when the clusters collide.

Cell celebrates intersection of food and science in special issue
Science enters the kitchen in a special 'Biology of Food' issue from Cell.

2015 Joint Assembly: News media registration open; reserve hotel room now
More than 2,000 researchers are expected to present their latest research findings in the Earth and space sciences at the 2015 Joint Assembly being held May 3-7 in Montreal.

Quantum compute this -- WSU mathematicians build code to take on toughest of cyber attacks
Washington State University mathematicians have designed an encryption code capable of fending off the phenomenal hacking power of a quantum computer.

Tasmania's swift parrot set to follow the dodo
The iconic Tasmanian swift parrot is facing population collapse and could become extinct within 16 years, new research has found.

MESA complex starts largest production series in its history
Sandia National Laboratories has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs, the largest production series in the history of its Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex.

Earliest humans had diverse range of body types, just as we do today
New research harnessing fragmentary fossils suggests our genus has come in different shapes and sizes since its origins over two million years ago, and adds weight to the idea that humans began to colonize Eurasia while still small and lightweight.

Loyola infectious disease department receives prestigious award at APIC
Jorge Parada, M.D., hospital epidemiologist and medical director of the Infection Prevention and Control Program at Loyola University Health System, will receive the Implementation Science Award at the Association for Prevention and Infection.

Starkey Project receives national honor
The Starkey Project, one of the most comprehensive field research projects in the world, received the Boone and Crockett Club's inaugural Conservation and Stewardship Award, the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station announced today.

The Mediterranean diet is not only healthier, it also pollutes less
The health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are well-known. As well as being healthier, a recent article concludes that the menu traditionally eaten in Spain leaves less of a carbon footprint than that of the US or the United Kingdom.

Report: Budget cuts undermine global health innovations protecting against threats like Ebola
As the world looks to American innovation to fight Ebola, malaria, tuberculosis, and a host of other health threats, a new report released today on Capitol Hill warns budget battles in Washington are eroding preparedness at home and abroad at a time when scientific advances are poised to deliver new lifesaving drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics.

Science: Theory of the strong interaction verified
Eighty years after the discovery of the neutron, a team of physicists from France, Germany, and Hungary headed by Zoltán Fodor, a researcher from Wuppertal, has finally calculated the tiny neutron-proton mass difference.

To survive, a parasite mixes and matches its disguises, study suggests
Researchers at Rockefeller University found an unexpected diversity of protein coats within populations of Trypanosoma brucei, challenging the conventional understanding of the dynamics that allow the parasite to persist.

Wearable device helps vision-impaired avoid collision
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Schepens Eye Research Institute used an obstacle course to evaluate a wearable collision warning device they developed for patients with peripheral vision loss.

Girl POWer! How strong female superheroes are gaining ground on the guys
The emerging new trend is presented as part of a national conference exploring the wonders of the imagination.

Philip Low receives AACR Award for Outstanding Achievement in Chemistry in Cancer Research
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will recognize Philip S.

Cell phone 'bill shock' warnings can leave consumers worse off says new study
Policies that push cellphone carriers to alert customers when they're about to exceed their plan limit are supposed to make things better for consumers.

Experts set strategic priorities for lymphoma research
A committee of lymphoma experts today unveiled a strategic roadmap identifying key priority areas in both infrastructure and research that will be critical for advancing treatments for people with lymphoma.

A metabolic imbalance increases the risk of respiratory diseases in childhood
An imbalance in our metabolism can trigger inflammatory processes in the body and activate the immune system.

HIV can spread early, evolve in patients' brains
HIV can genetically evolve and independently replicate in patients' brains early in the illness process, an analysis of cerebral spinal fluid has found.

Antarctic ice shelves rapidly thinning
A new study published by Science and led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego researchers has revealed that the thickness of Antarctica's floating ice shelves has recently decreased by as much as 18 percent in certain areas over nearly two decades, providing new insights on how the Antarctic ice sheet is responding to climate change.

Flocks of starlings ride the wave to escape
Why does a dark band ripple through a flock of starlings that are steering clear of a hawk?

Forsyth research explains why popular antacids may increase chance of bone fractures
Newly published research from the Forsyth Institute details a discovery explaining why the 100 million Americans estimated to be taking prescription and over-the-counter antacid and heartburn medications may be at an increased risk of bone fractures.

Veterans' avoidant coping interfers with transition to university life
A study of 165 veterans currently enrolled at three Texas universities shows that those who use problem-focused coping strategies for anxiety and depression instead of avoidant coping have more successful transitions from military life to college student life.

Stem cells may improve tendon healing, reduce retear risk in rotator cuff surgery
An injection of a patient's bone marrow stem cells during rotator cuff surgery significantly improved healing and tendon durability, according to a study presented today at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity
Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high-temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields, changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting and revealing unique properties of these substances.

Ebola test vaccines appear safe in phase 2 Liberian clinical trial
Two experimental Ebola vaccines appear to be safe based on evaluation in more than 600 people in Liberia who participated in the first stage of the Partnership for Research on Ebola Vaccines in Liberia Phase 2/3 clinical trial, according to interim findings from an independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board review.

Increased sensitivity to climate change in disturbed ecosystems
Undisturbed ecosystems can be resistant to changing climatic conditions, but this resistance is reduced when ecosystems are subject to natural or anthropogenic disturbances.

What to do with kidneys from older deceased donors?
For older patients in need of a kidney transplant, rapid transplantation from an older deceased donor is superior to delayed transplantation from a younger donor.

Moffitt Cancer Center research aims to reduce health care disparities
The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, queer/questioning and intersex (LGBTQI) population has been largely understudied by the medical community.

Optical fiber is used as a sensor, and one is monitored remotely at a distance of 253 kilometers
Mikel Bravo-Acha's PhD thesis has focused on the applications of optical fiber as a sensor.

2015 AACR-Rosenthal Award honors Dr. William Hahn
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will recognize William C.

Bariatric surgery before joint replacement can improve outcomes in obese patients
Two new studies at Hospital for Special Surgery find that bariatric surgery prior to joint replacement is a cost-effective option to improve outcomes in severely overweight patients.

Pacific-wide study reveals striped marlins' preferred habitat, may help avoid overfishing
Using the largest tagging data set to date, lead author Chi Hin 'Tim' Lam of UMass Amherst's Large Pelagics Research Center in Gloucester, Mass., with colleagues at USC Los Angeles and the Marine Conservation Science Institute of Waikoloa, Hawaii, show that across the Pacific Ocean the vertical habitat of striped marlin is defined by the light-penetrated, uppermost part of the ocean known as the epipelagic layer, within eight degrees Celsius of sea surface temperature.

Most women with early-stage breast cancer avoid extensive lymph node removal
A new study of women with early-stage breast cancer finds that surgeons no longer universally remove most of the lymph nodes in the underarm area when a biopsy of the nearby lymph nodes shows cancer -- a major change in breast cancer management.

The CNIO develops an anti-obesity treatment in animal models
The study has been conducted on obese mice and monkeys, using a drug which inhibits the activity of the PI3K enzyme.

Stereotypes lower math performance in women, but effects go unrecognized, IU study finds
A new study from Indiana University suggests that gender stereotypes about women's ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance.

Promising drug target identified in medulloblastoma
Scientists at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center have identified a protein critical to both the normal development of the brain and, in many cases, the development of medulloblastoma, a fast-growing brain tumor that usually strikes children under 10.

Honey bees use multiple genetic pathways to fight infections
Honey bees use different sets of genes, regulated by two distinct mechanisms, to fight off viruses, bacteria and gut parasites, according to researchers at Penn State and the Georgia Institute of Technology.

First fully-implantable micropacemaker designed for fetal use
A team of investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the University of Southern California have developed the first fully implantable micropacemaker designed for use in a fetus with complete heart block.

Antibiotic effectiveness imperiled as use in livestock expected to increase
Princeton University-led research found that antibiotic consumption in livestock worldwide could rise by 67 percent between 2010 and 2030, and possibly endanger the effectiveness of antimicrobials in humans.

Novel sensor system provides continuous smart monitoring of machinery and plant equipment
A new method of continuously monitoring the status of machinery is currently being developed by a research team led by Professor Andreas Schütze of Saarland University.

AACR recognizes outstanding cancer research achievements of Dr. Christopher Vakoc
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will honor Christopher R.

Nerve cells borrow a trick from their synapses to dispose of garbage
Genetic defects affecting tiny channels in human nerve cells lead to several neurological diseases that result from aberrant nerve transmission, such as episodic ataxia, absence epilepsy, and migraines.

Sci-Fly study explores how lifeforms know to be the right size
Shakespeare said 'to be or not to be' is the question, and now scientists are asking how life forms grow to be the correct size with proportional body parts.

Black patients more likely to be readmitted after hip, knee replacement surgery
A new study presented today at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that black and Hispanic patients were 62 and 50 percent, respectively, more likely to be readmitted to the hospital within 30 days after total joint replacement surgery compared to white patients.

New role uncovered for 'oldest' tumor suppressor gene
Scientists have revealed a brand new function for one of the first cancer genes ever discovered -- the retinoblastoma gene -- in a finding that could open up exciting new approaches to treatment.

Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth redesignated as NCI 'Comprehensive Cancer Center'
The National Cancer Institute has renewed its Cancer Center Support Grant to Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth, continuing NCCC's designation as a Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Effect of natural sweetener Xylitol in preventing tooth decay still unproven
New research out today concludes that there is limited evidence to show that xylitol is effective in preventing dental cavities in children and adults.

Novel nanoparticle therapy promotes wound healing
An experimental therapy developed by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University cut in half the time it takes to heal wounds compared to no treatment at all.

Newly updated treatment guidelines for medullary thyroid carcinoma
A Task Force convened by the American Thyroid Association released updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

Harmless bacteria may be helpful against meningococcal outbreaks
Nasal drops of harmless bacteria can inhibit a related bug that sometimes causes meningococcal disease, according to new findings published online in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Coorong fish hedge their bets for survival
Analysis of the ear bones of the River Murray estuarine fish black bream has revealed how these fish 'hedge their bets' for population survival.

AACR honors scientific work and mentorship of Dr. Lucile Adams-Campb
Lucile L. Adams-Campbell, Ph.D., professor of oncology, associate director of minority health and disparities research, and associate dean of community health and outreach at the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center at Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington, DC, is being honored with the 10th annual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Minorities in Cancer Research Jane Cooke Wright Lectureship at the AACR Annual Meeting 2015, to be held in Philadelphia, April 18-22.

AACR and American Cancer Society honor NCI's Dr. Mitchell Gail
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the American Cancer Society will recognize Mitchell H.

3rd Helmholtz-Nature Medicine Diabetes Conference
We are pleased to announce the 3rd Helmholtz-Nature Medicine Diabetes Conference.

Discovering age-specific brain changes in autism
A new study out of the University of Miami shows that individuals with autism spectrum disorder exhibit different patterns of brain connectivity when compared to typically developing individuals, and that these patterns adjust as the individual ages.

2015 ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer Diagnostics Travel Award winner announced
Mindy H. Li, M.D., was honored as the 2015 recipient of the ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer diagnostics Travel Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2015 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Calcium channels play a role in neuronal homeostasis and elimination of toxic buildup of proteins
In a report that appears in PLOS Biology, Dr. Hugo Bellen and his colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine and the Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor, and Dr.

Joint Committee on the Handling of Security-Relevant Research starts work
The Joint Committee on the Handling of Security-Relevant Research, set up by the Deutsche For-schungsgemeinschaft and the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, has started work.

Fluctuation X-ray scattering
In biology, materials science and the energy sciences, structural information provides important insights into the understanding of matter.

Experts unveil 2 ways to identify joint replacement patients at risk for complication
Orthopedic surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have developed two new prediction tools aimed at identifying total hip and knee replacement patients who are at-risk of developing serious complications after surgery.

Chikungunya virus may be coming to a city near you -- learn the facts
The mosquito-borne chikungunya disease is predicted to soon spread to the US The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston's Scott Weaver, globally recognized for his expertise in mosquito-borne diseases, has been studying chikungunya for more than 15 years.

Crossing fingers can reduce feelings of pain
How you feel pain is affected by where sources of pain are in relation to each other, and so crossing your fingers can change what you feel on a single finger, finds new UCL research.

Bats obey 'traffic rules' when trawling for food
Foraging bats obey their own set of 'traffic rules', chasing, turning and avoiding collisions at high speed, new research from the University of Bristol, UK has found.

Scientists secure £25.7 million to create powerhouse of research
A £25.7 million funding boost will enable the University of Edinburgh to set up two world-leading laboratories advancing biological research and tissue repair.

Building sound foundations: A matter of granular dynamics
Understanding granular media (sand, salt, grains) is important when mixed with water and air, as it forms the foundations of many buildings.

Blood test may shed new light on Fragile X related disorders
A blood test may shed new light on Fragile X syndrome related disorders in women, according to a new study published in the March 25, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

A new jumping spider with mating plug discovered from the 'Western Ghats'
Researchers from the Division of Arachnology of Sacred Heart College, Kochi, India have discovered a new species of jumping spider from 'Western Ghats' in southern India, one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world.

Deadly Japan quake and tsunami spurred global warming, ozone loss
Buildings destroyed by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake released thousands of tons of climate-warming and ozone-depleting chemicals into the atmosphere, according to a new study.

A human respiratory tissue model to assess the toxicity of inhaled chemicals and pollutants
A 3-dimensional model of human respiratory tissue has been shown to be an effective platform for measuring the impact of chemicals, like those found in cigarette smoke, or other aerosols on the lung.

The 2015 HFSP Fellowships
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is pleased to announce the names of the recipients of HFSP international postdoctoral fellowships for 2015 following a rigorous selection process in a global competition.

UCI team gets $5 million to create stem cell treatment for Huntington's disease
Leslie Thompson of the Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center at UC Irvine has been awarded $5 million by the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to continue her CIRM-funded effort to develop stem cell treatments for Huntington's disease.

The 2015 HFSP Research Grants
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is awarding about $35 million to the 31 winning teams of the 2015 competition for the HFSP Research Grants.

Spring plankton bloom hitches ride to sea's depths on ocean eddies
Just as crocus and daffodil blossoms signal the start of a warmer season on land, a similar 'greening' event --a massive bloom of microscopic plants, or phytoplankton -- unfolds each spring in the North Atlantic Ocean from Bermuda to the Arctic.

From programmable backbones to advanced 'apps': An end-to-end vision of the future Internet
Ultra-high-speed and programmable networks have the potential not only to make the Internet faster, more secure and more accessible, but also to enable completely new kinds of applications that can transform how we live, work, learn and communicate.

Blocking cellular quality control mechanism gives cancer chemotherapy a boost
Scientists have found a new way to make chemotherapy more effective against breast cancer cells.

Female IBD patients: Stay up-to-date on your cervical cancer screening
Women with inflammatory bowel disease may be at increased risk of cervical dysplasia and cancer, according to a new study published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

UT Dallas engineers twist nanofibers to create structures tougher than bulletproof vests
Researchers at UT Dallas have created materials that exploit the electromechanical properties of specific nanofibers to stretch to up to seven times their length, while remaining tougher than Kevlar.

Kappa Delta awards recognize innovative orthopaedic research
The Kappa Delta Sorority and the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation presented four awards today to scientists who are conducting outstanding clinical research related directly to musculoskeletal disease or injury, with the ultimate goal of advancing patient treatment and care.

The brain in the supermarket
In a new paper, MIT researchers suggest that your brain is most likely deploying an 'index strategy,' a straightforward ranking of products, when you shop.

University of Surrey to host new International Center for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity
The University of Surrey has been awarded a £6 million research grant from the Economic and Social Research Council to establish an International Center for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity.

Carnival game mimics eye growth
The motion of coins in a 'Penny Pusher' carnival game is similar to the movement of cells in the eye's lens, as described in a new study published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.

High-fat diet alters behavior and produces signs of brain inflammation
Can the consumption of fatty foods change your behavior and your brain?

Prostate cancer and treatment choices -- a decision shared by doctor and patient?
Doctors strive to make treatment decisions together with their patients -- but is the decision really shared?

85 college students tried to draw the Apple logo from memory. 84 failed.
Of 85 UCLA undergraduate students, only one correctly recalled the Apple logo when asked to draw it on a blank sheet of paper, UCLA psychologists found.

Best view yet of dusty cloud passing galactic center black hole
The best observations so far of the dusty gas cloud G2 confirm that it made its closest approach to the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way in May 2014 and has survived the experience.

Domestic violence victims may be hurt by mandatory arrest laws
Mandatory arrest is a law enforcement policy that was created in an effort to curb domestic violence.

Report: Photosynthesis hack needed to feed the world by 2050
Using high-performance computing and genetic engineering to boost the photosynthetic efficiency of plants offers the best hope of increasing crop yields enough to feed a planet expected to have 9.5 billion people on it by 2050, researchers report in the journal Cell.

A UC3M patent can multiply mobile devices' uploading speed by tenfold
A patent held by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid makes a jacket able to increase by tenfold the speed at which mobile devices can upload content. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to