Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2015
Glow in the dark tampons identify sewage pollution in rivers
Tampons may not be an obvious scientific tool, but engineers from the University of Sheffield in the UK have been using them to identify where waste water from baths, washing machines, sinks and showers is polluting our rivers and streams.

News from Annals of Internal Medicine March 31, 2015
Articles include: USPSTF reviews evidence to update recommendations on iron supplementation and deficiency screening in pregnant women; New hep C treatments are cost-effective for some patients, yet may exceed insurers' willingness to pay.

Oral drug normalizes blood potassium in 98 percent of kidney patients
A medication called ZS-9 normalized potassium in the blood of 98 percent of chronic kidney disease patients treated for hyperkalemia.

Mount Sinai scientists establish link between ALS and the body's response to viral infection
A key protein previously implicated in Lou Gehrig's disease and other neurological diseases plays an important role in the response to viral infection.

Exercise can outweigh harmful effects of air pollution
New research from the University of Copenhagen has found that the beneficial effects of exercise are more important for our health than the negative effects of air pollution, in relation to the risk of premature mortality.

Scientists honored in Biochemical Society awards
Eleven distinguished scientists and exceptional early career researchers have been honored in the Biochemical Society's annual awards.

Researchers discover bacterial genetic pathway involved in body odor production
For many, body odor is an unfortunate side effect of their daily lives.

How immune cells facilitate the spread of breast cancer
The body's immune system fights disease, infections and even cancer, acting like foot soldiers to protect against invaders and dissenters.

DNA alterations may predict treatment response in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia patients
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a molecular signature that is predictive of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia patient response to the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor decitabine.

E-cigarettes are being accessed by teenagers who are both smokers and non-smokers
One in five teenagers in a large survey has accessed e-cigarettes, and of these, 16 percent have never otherwise smoked, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health.

Two different fat graft techniques have similar effects on facial skin
Two approaches to fat grafting -- injection of fat cells versus fat-derived stem cells -- have similar effects in reversing the cellular-level signs of aging skin, reports a study in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Sea change: What took decades to destroy in oceans took millennia to recover
While climate change and the deoxygenation of seawater can alter ocean ecology very quickly, recovery can be on a 1,000-year scale, not the 100-year scale previously thought.

Researchers observe major hand hygiene problems in operating rooms
An observational study by Sahlgrenska Academy researchers at a large Swedish hospital found 2,393 opportunities for hand disinfection and/or aseptic techniques.

Teens with breast lumps may be able to avoid invasive biopsy
If a lump is found in the breast of an adolescent girl, she often will undergo an excisional biopsy.

Blood-based biomarkers could enable simple, accurate TB tests for diagnosis and monitoring
Researchers have identified blood-based biomarkers in patients with active tuberculosis that could lead to new blood-based diagnostics and tools for monitoring treatment response and cure.

Massive study is first to explore historical ocean response to abrupt climate change
A new study reports that marine ecosystems can take thousands, rather than hundreds, of years to recover from climate-related upheavals.

Family income, parental education related to brain structure in children and adolescents
Characterizing associations between socioeconomic factors and children's brain development, a team of investigators reports correlative links between family income and brain structure.

Good luck and the Chinese reverse global forest loss
Analysis of 20 years of satellite data has revealed the total amount of vegetation globally has increased by almost 4 billion tonnes of carbon since 2003.

The CNIO identifies a new gene involved in hereditary neuroendocrine tumors
Mutations in the MDH2 gene, a key factor in cellular metabolism, are associated with the development of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas, neuroendocrine tumors that affect the suprarenal and parathyroid glands, respectively.

Early stage NSCLC patients with low tumor metabolic activity have longer survival
Low pre-surgery uptake of a labeled glucose analogue, a marker of metabolic activity, in the primary tumor of patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer is associated with increased overall survival and a longer time before tumor recurrence.

UNH geologist identifies new source of methane for gas hydrates in Arctic
Researchers have identified a new source of methane for gas hydrates -- ice-like substances found in sediment that trap methane within the crystal structure of frozen water -- in the Arctic Ocean.

Building block for memory and learning identified
Researchers have been fascinated for a long time by learning and memory formation, and many questions are still open.

Climate change costing soybean farmers
Even during a good year, soybean farmers nationwide are, in essence, taking a loss.

Reality substitution on track to replace traditional virtual reality
Researchers and engineers from EPFL's Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and the W Science Initiative are unveiling a Reality Substitution prototype, an easy-to-use virtual world creator that captures real-world situations to be played back in head-mounted displays.

Eating fruits and vegetables with high pesticide residues linked with poor semen quality
Men who ate fruits and vegetables with higher levels of pesticide residues, such as strawberries, spinach, and peppers, had lower sperm count and a lower percentage of normal sperm than those who ate produce with lower residue levels, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard T.H.

WSU researchers find 'exploding head syndrome' more common in young people than thought
Washington State University researchers have found that an unexpectedly high percentage of young people experience 'exploding head syndrome,' a psychological phenomenon in which they are awakened by abrupt loud noises, even the sensation of an explosion in their head.

Ice hockey helmets to get safety stars
A new star rating system can help hockey players to know just how well each helmet on the market can protect them from suffering head injuries and concussions during the course of a season.

How DNA alarm-system works
Researcher from Lomonosov Moscow State University managed to clarify how DNA damage signaling works.

'Kul,' 'beibi' and 'plis' new words in informal Icelandic
Icelandic has, in contrast to other Nordic languages, a vocabulary that is well preserved in relation to the Old Norse roots, and the Icelanders have worked hard to keep it that way.

Impact of domestic violence on women's mental health
In addition to their physical injuries, women who are victims of domestic violence are also at a greater risk of mental health problems such as depression and psychotic symptoms.

Mild winters not fueling all pine beetle outbreaks in western United States
Warming winters have allowed mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the coldest areas of the western United States, but milder winters can't be blamed for the full extent of recent outbreaks in the region, a Dartmouth College and US Forest Service study finds.

BMC study: New Hepatitis C treatments cost-effective, but only for selected patients
A study led by Boston Medical Center researchers demonstrates that while new therapies to treat Hepatitis C Virus are highly effective, they are cost-effective and provide the greatest value in specific groups of HCV-infected patients.

UMD's Physics Frontier Center renewed by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation renewed its support for the Joint Quantum Institute's (JQI) Physics Frontier Center with a new five-year grant.

Study: Worked-based wellness programs reduce weight
A new study shows that workplace wellness programs can be effective in helping people lose weight by providing healthier food choices and increasing opportunities for physical activity, particularly if these efforts are designed with the input and active participation of employees.

An apple a day won't keep the doctor away but maybe the pharmacist
Turns out, an apple a day won't keep the doctor away but it may mean you will use fewer prescription medications, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Carnegie Mellon researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons
To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used data mining to create, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological information about neurons.

Wearable technology can help with public speaking
Speaking in public is the top fear for many people.

Mother's diet influences weight-control neurocircuits in offspring
Maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation may prime offspring for weight gain and obesity later in life, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who looked at rats whose mothers consumed a high-fat diet and found that the offsprings' feeding controls and feelings of fullness did not function normally.

Compound from soil microbe inhibits biofilm formation
Researchers have shown that a known antibiotic and antifungal compound produced by a soil microbe can inhibit another species of microbe from forming biofilms - -microbial mats that frequently are medically harmful -- without killing that microbe.

Fasting and less-toxic cancer drug may work as well as chemotherapy
Fasting and kinase inhibitors work together to starve cancer cells.

Mist-collecting plants may bioinspire technology to help alleviate global water shortages
By studying the morphology and physiology of plants with tiny conical 'hairs' or microfibers on the surface of their leaves, such as tomatoes, balsam pears and the flowers Berkheya purpea and Lychnis sieboldii, a team of researchers in Japan uncovered water collection-and-release secrets that may, in turn, one day soon 'bioinspire' a technology to pull fresh water from the air to help alleviate global water shortages.

NASA's ISS-RapidScat sees Typhoon Maysak's stronger winds become more uniform
A tropical cyclone does not always have consistently strong winds all the way around it, and NASA's ISS-RapidScat instrument confirmed that was the case with Typhoon Maysak as it was strengthening in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

3-D human skin maps aid study of relationships between molecules, microbes and environment
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences produced 3-D maps of molecular and microbial variations across the body.

Pitt designated an innovation corps site by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has designated the University of Pittsburgh as an NSF I-Corps site.

New NSF-funded Physics Frontiers Center joins the race to detect gravitational waves
The center will focus on the search for gravitational waves by measuring coordinated changes in the arrival times of radio signals from pulsars, nature's most stable clocks.

Hormone fosters bond between parents
Research has discovered a role for prolactin, the hormone that stimulates milk production in nursing mothers, in the bond between parents.

Biology in a twist -- deciphering the origins of cell behavior
Researchers at the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore have discovered that the inherent 'handedness' of molecular structures directs the behavior of individual cells and confers them the ability to sense the difference between left and right.

Electrical engineer to build more efficient integrated circuits for better hearing aids
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineering researcher is developing a more efficient, low-power integrated circuit for directional hearing aids that will lead to a better quality of life for hearing impaired people.

Seabed samples rewrite earthquake history near Istanbul
Cores of marine sediment reveal an earthquake history of the Cinarcik Segment, a main branch of NAF, and suggest a seismic gap where the next earthquake is likely to rupture, as detailed in a new study published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

The killer protein, properly explained
The hope is to be able, one day, to fight the pathogenic action of the amyloid-beta protein, whose build-up is associated with Alzheimer's disease.

'Lightning bolts' in the brain show learning in action
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have captured images of the underlying biological activity within brain cells and their tree-like extensions, or dendrites, in mice that show how their brains sort, store and make sense out of information during learning.

Direct evidence for a positive feedback in climate change
A new study has confirmed the existence of a positive feedback operating in climate change whereby warming itself may amplify a rise in greenhouse gases resulting in additional warming.

Setting a dinner table for wildlife can affect their risk of disease
Supplemental feeding of wildlife can increase the spread of some infectious diseases and decrease the spread of others.

Study: Increased dietary magnesium intake associated with improved diabetes-related health outcomes
A recent analysis published in the Journal of Human Nutrition & Food Science reveals a beneficial relationship between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes-related outcomes including decreased risk for metabolic syndrome, obesity or overweight, elevated blood pressure, and reduced HDL (good) cholesterol.

Consumption of peanuts with a meal benefits vascular health
A study of peanut consumption showed that including them as a part of a high fat meal improved the post-meal triglyceride response and preserved endothelial function.

New drug stalls estrogen receptor-positive cancer cell growth and shrinks tumors
An experimental drug rapidly shrinks most tumors in a mouse model of human breast cancer, researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Panel predicts whether rare leukemia will respond to treatment
Patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia have limited treatment options, and those that exist are effective only in fewer than half of patients.

Low vitamin D linked to worse prognosis in type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
A new study found that people with lower vitamin D levels prior to treatment for follicular lymphoma succumb to the disease or face relapse earlier than patients with sufficient vitamin D levels in their blood.

Equatorial fish babies in hot water
Scientists have discovered that rising ocean temperatures slow the development of baby fish around the equator, raising concerns about the impact of global warming on fish and fisheries in the tropics.

Publication bias and 'spin' raise questions about drugs for anxiety disorders
A new analysis reported in JAMA Psychiatry raises serious questions about the increasingly common use of second-generation antidepressant drugs to treat anxiety disorders.

Newly enlisted T-cell 'policemen' can slow down run-away immune system, SLU scientist says
Researcher Daniel Hawiger, M.D., Ph.D., hopes that these breakthroughs will open the door to design better treatments for autoimmune diseases.

Comet dust: Planet Mercury's 'invisible paint'
Scientists have long puzzled over the planet Mercury's excessively dark surface.

A dynamic simulation approach to support emergency decision making on urban public safety
Urban public safety emergencies, as reported, always result in enormous socioeconomic cost.

Study shows short & long-term cost-savings associated with minimally invasive surgery
JAMA study demonstrates that patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy procedures required fewer days of health care utilization and the health care system spent less on their acute and follow-up care than those who underwent traditional open surgery.

Glyburide associated with more risk of adverse events than insulin in newborns
The medication glyburide, which has been increasingly used to treat gestational diabetes in pregnant women, was associated with higher risk for newborns to be admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit, have respiratory distress, hypoglycemia (low blood glucose), birth injury and be large for gestational age compared with infants born to women treated with insulin, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Crowdsourced tool for depression
Researchers at MIT and Northwestern University have developed a new peer-to-peer networking tool that enables sufferers of anxiety and depression to build online support communities and practice therapeutic techniques.

'Atomic chicken-wire' is key to faster DNA sequencing
An unusual and very exciting form of carbon -- that can be created by drawing on paper -- looks to hold the key to real-time, high throughput DNA sequencing, a technique that would revolutionize medical research and testing.

LiDAR studies of the Sept. 2013 Colorado Front Range flooding and debris flows
Scott W. Anderson and colleagues use repeat aerial LiDAR to quantify the erosional impact of the heavy rains that inundated the Colorado Front Range in September 2013.

Promoting maternal interaction improves growth, weight gain in preemies
An intervention to teach mothers of preterm infants how to interact with their babies more effectively results in better weight gain and growth for the infants, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health.

New findings support the benefits of eating walnuts on overall health
Multiple new research abstracts suggest walnuts may have the potential to positively affect several important health factors.

Goodbye, range anxiety? Electric vehicles may be more useful than previously thought
In the first study of its kind, scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory quantitatively show that electric vehicles will meet the daily travel needs of drivers longer than commonly assumed.

Hidden costs: The unseen way organisms cope with climate change
Environmental stress from climate change forces an organism's metabolism into overdrive -- though it may not be immediately apparent, it nudges the organism ever closer to the brink of disaster.

York U study: Functional decline in women at Alzheimer's risk relates to deteriorating brain wiring
In their latest brain imaging study on women at risk for Alzheimer's disease, York University researchers have found deterioration in the pathways that serve to communicate signals between different brain regions needed for performing everyday activities such as driving a car or using a computer.

As stars form, magnetic fields influence regions big and small
Stars form when gravity pulls together material within giant clouds of gas and dust.

Researchers develop new potential drug for rare leukemia
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed a new drug that shows potential in laboratory studies against a rare type of acute leukemia.

Rate of opioid misuse is around 25 percent, addiction rate 10 percent, reports study in Pain
New estimates suggest that 20 to 30 percent of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10 percent, reports a study in the April issue of Pain, the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

Stop blaming the moon, says UCLA scientist
The moon does not influence the timing of human births or hospital admissions, a new UCLA study finds, confirming what astronomers have known for decades.

ACMG Foundation announces inaugural recipient of Lovell Award
Stephanie Harris, CGC was honored as the first recipient of the ACMG Foundation Carolyn Mills Lovell Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2015 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah.

UF study finds vitamin D can affect pain, movement in obese osteoarthritis patients
If you are overweight and have osteoarthritis, you may want to bone up on vitamin D.

High-tech method allows rapid imaging of functions in living brain
Researchers studying cancer and other invasive diseases rely on high-resolution imaging to see tumors and other activity deep within the body's tissues.

UofL researchers to examine asthma triggers in older adults
Understanding the personal and environmental influences of asthma in older adults is the focus of a $2.3 million National Institute on Aging grant awarded to Barbara Polivka, Ph.D., Shirley B.

A surprising source of serotonin could affect antidepressant activity
Researchers have discovered an unconventional way that serotonin is released from neurons that could play an important role in the mechanism through which antidepressant drugs work.

UH Case Medical Center study looks at social media impact on mental healthcare & treatment
Dr. Stephanie Pope conducted this study as an effort to demonstrate the clinical implications of social media and form an understanding of the legal and ethical consequences of social media within practice.

Professor Tyagi's team to receive an award for excellence in environmental engineering
The quality and originality of Professor Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi and his team's project on the bioconversion of waste into biodiesel earned them the Superior Achievement for Excellence in Environmental Engineering and Science Award, from the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists.

What is the best measure of depression severity in adolescents?
At present the key symptom for diagnosing major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents is irritability.

New molecular clues about mysterious brain blood vessel disorder
Yale researchers have uncovered new details about the relationship between two proteins associated with the formation of cerebral cavernous malformations, a little understood neurovascular disorder.

Glimpses of the future: Drought damage leads to widespread forest death
The 2000-2003 drought in the American southwest triggered a widespread die-off of forests around the region.

Prototype 'nanoneedles' generate new blood vessels in mice
Scientists have developed tiny 'nanoneedles' that have successfully prompted parts of the body to generate new blood vessels, in a trial in mice.

Identification of drug combinations that reverse HIV-1 latency
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reports on the development of a multifaceted approach for identifying drug combinations that reverse HIV-1 latency.

From tobacco to cyberwood
Scientists from ETH Zurich have developed a thermometer that is at least 100 times more sensitive than previous temperature sensors.

Odds of reversing ICU patients' preferences to forgo life-sustaining care vary, Penn study finds
Intensive care units across the United States vary widely in how they manage the care of patients who have set preexisting limits on life-sustaining therapies, such as authorizing do-not-resuscitate orders and prohibiting interventions such as feeding tubes or dialysis, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Endoscopes linked to outbreak of drug-resistant E. coli
An outbreak of a novel Escherichia coli (E.coli) strain resistant to antibiotics has been linked to contaminated endoscopes in a Washington state hospital.

Cats relax to the sound of music
It is widely accepted that, in humans, music confers numerous benefits.

Intelligent neuroprostheses mimic natural motor control
Neuroscientists are taking inspiration from natural motor control to design new prosthetic devices that can better replace limb function.

Date syrup shows promise for fighting bacterial infections
Date syrup -- a thick, sweet liquid derived from dates that is widely consumed across the Middle East -- shows antibacterial activity against a number of disease-causing bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

To statin or not to statin?
Cholesterol-lowering statins have transformed the treatment of heart disease. But while the decision to use the drugs in patients with a history of heart attacks and strokes is mostly clear-cut, that choice can be a far trickier proposition for the tens of millions of Americans with high cholesterol but no overt disease.

Short bouts of high-intensity exercise before a fatty meal best for vascular health
A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise, according to a new study from the University of Exeter.

Scientists link unexplained childhood paralysis to enterovirus D68
A research team led by UC San Francisco scientists has found the genetic signature of enterovirus D68 in half of the California and Colorado children diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis -- sudden, unexplained muscle weakness and paralysis -- between 2012 and 2014, with most cases occurring during a nationwide outbreak of severe respiratory illness from EV-D68 last fall.

OU team receives grant for innovative technique to enhance breast cancer detection
An innovative technique that enhances breast cancer detection while reducing radiation dose has been proposed by a University of Oklahoma research team.

Citizen scientists map global forests
New global forest maps combine citizen science with multiple data sources, for an unprecedented level of accuracy about the location and extent of forestland worldwide.

New research identifies diverse sources of methane in shallow Arctic lakes
New research into the changing ecology of thousands of shallow lakes on the North Slope of Alaska suggests that in scenarios of increasing global temperatures, methane-generating microbes, found in thawing lake sediments, may ramp up production of the potent greenhouse gas -- which has a global warming potential 25 times greater than carbon dioxide.

Fat grafting technique improves results of breast augmentation
In women undergoing breast augmentation, a technique using transplantation of a small amount of the patient's own fat cells can produce better cosmetic outcomes, reports a study in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Study debunks common misconception that urine is sterile
Bacteria have been discovered in the bladders of healthy women, discrediting the common belief that normal urine is sterile.

Oxygen therapy in COPD patients is associated with burn injury
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving home oxygen have a higher risk of burn injury.

Pesticides in fruit and vegetables linked to semen quality
The first study to investigate the relationship between eating fruit and vegetables containing pesticide residues and the quality of men's semen has shown a link with lower sperm counts and percentages of normally-formed sperm.

Antimicrobial resistance in the 21st century -- Future Microbiology special focus issue
There are few global public health issues of greater importance than antimicrobial resistance in terms of impact on society.

Bitter chocolate: Illegal cocoa farms threaten Ivory Coast primates
Researchers surveying for endangered primates in national parks and forest reserves of Ivory Coast found, to their surprise, that most of these protected areas had been turned into illegal cocoa farms, a new study reports.

Rutgers, NIST physicists report technology with potential for sub-micron optical switches
A technology being published online this week in Nature Photonics could result in optical switches with sub-square-micron footprints, potentially allowing densely packed switching fabrics on a chip.

Roll up your screen and stow it away?
As the demand for instant, constant communication grows, so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices -- especially computer displays that can be easily rolled up and stored or transported.

New scientific review suggests some women may benefit from considering use of S-equol to ease menopause symptoms
The investigational S-equol nutritional supplement may be a viable agent to alleviate certain menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes, according to a new peer-reviewed article in the March Journal of Women's Health.

Researchers find new link between neurodegenerative diseases and abnormal immune responses
Study offers new insight into the link between neurodegenerative disorders and inflammation, and provides a framework to explore more fully the possibility that viral infection may lead to onset of these diseases.

Only 1 of 32 hockey helmets tested earn 3-star rating
Virginia Tech has released its five-star ratings of hockey helmets, judging their abilities to help prevent concussions.

Super sensitive measurement of magnetic fields
There are electrical signals in the nervous system, the brain and throughout the human body and there are tiny magnetic fields associated with these signals that could be important for medical science.

To stop cancer: Block its messages
Weizmann Institute scientists identify a potential drug molecule that stops cancer cells, but not healthy ones, from getting their 'mail.'

CRT and Bioinvent expand work with University of Southampton to develop immunotherapies
Cancer Research Technology and BioInvent International begin a two-year research collaboration with leading antibody researchers at the University of Southampton.

Smart phone app monitors depression in real time
A new phone app screens for depression with 24-hour monitoring of speech, walking pace and other behavioral cues.

Clues to aging from long-lived lemurs
Researchers combed through more than 50 years of medical records on hundreds of lemurs at the Duke Lemur Center for clues to their longevity.

Percentage of children eating fast food on a given day drops
A lower percentage of children are eating fast food on any given day and calories consumed by children from burger, pizza and chicken fast food restaurants also has dropped, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

New data show that women of childbearing age need more vegetables, white potatoes
A new study presented today by the Alliance for Potato Research and Education at Experimental Biology 2015 confirms that vegetable consumption is very low among women of childbearing age, and that the nutrient-rich white potato is an important vegetable to this population's diet, particularly among subgroups with the lowest intake.

New Canadian guidelines to prevent and manage obesity in children must focus on family
New guidelines from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care to help prevent and manage obesity in children and youth recommend regular growth monitoring at routine health care visits as well as a focus on family lifestyles and health behaviors.

Princess Margaret scientists convert microbubbles to nanoparticles
Biomedical researchers led by Dr. Gang Zheng at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have successfully converted microbubble technology already used in diagnostic imaging into nanoparticles that stay trapped in tumors to potentially deliver targeted, therapeutic payloads.

Next important step toward a quantum computer
Physicists at the universities of Bonn and Cambridge have succeeded in linking two completely different quantum systems to one another.

Experts explore impacts of childhood feeding practices, policies on vegetable consumption
While the body of evidence for feeding recommendations for children continues to evolve, one constant remains: Children do not eat enough vegetables.

Electroconvulsive therapy changes key areas of the human brain that play a role in memory, emotion
a team of UCLA researchers has shown for the first time in a large cohort of patients that electroconvulsive therapy, sometimes referred to as shock treatment, change certain areas of the brain that play a role in how people feel, learn and respond to positive and negative environmental factors.

Reviewing online homework at scale
In April, at the Association for Computing Machinery's Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, MIT researchers will present a new system that automatically compares students' solutions to programming assignments, lumping together those that use the same techniques.

Could antibodies from camels protect humans from MERS?
Antibodies from dromedary camels protected uninfected mice from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and helped infected mice expunge the disease, according to a study published online March 18th in the Journal of Virology, a journal published by the American Society for Microbiology.

John Anderson honored with Bruce A. Bolt Medal for strong-motion earthquake research
John Anderson will be honored with the Bruce A. Bolt Medal, which recognizes individuals who use strong-motion earthquake data and transfer scientific and engineering knowledge into practice or policy for improved seismic safety. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to