Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 31, 2015
When are consumers more likely to rely on feelings to make decisions?
Why do some consumers make choices based on their feelings instead of rational assessments?

UT Dallas criminologist challenges effectiveness of solitary confinement
A new study by a UT Dallas criminologist finds that solitary confinement does not deter inmates from committing further violence in prison.

Poor behavior linked to time spent playing video games, not the games played
Children who play video games for more than three hours a day are more likely to be hyperactive, get involved in fights and not be interested in school, says a new study.

3-D neural structure guided with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels
Neural tissue may be reconstructed with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolding and 3-D hydrogels, holding much promise for repairing damaged neural tissue.

Energy balance experts from six continents join forces to reduce obesity
Introducing GEBN, the first organization to use the energy balance model as a framework for thinking about changing current systems and policies to improve health.

The nature of nurture is all about your mother, study says
When it comes to survival of the fittest, it's all about your mother -- at least in the squirrel world.

Utah student examines case of labor activist Joe Hill 100 years after execution
As the execution of Joe Hill observes a 100-year anniversary this year, University of Utah law student Adam Pritchard this month has published a new article about the case in the Labor Law Journal.

Soft, energy-efficient robotic wings
Reporting this week in the journal Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing, researchers from the Harbin Institute of Technology in Weihai, China and the University of California, Los Angeles, have discovered a new resonance phenomenon in a dielectric elastomer rotary joint that can make the artificial joint bend up and down, like a flapping wing.

A matter of taste: When do products benefit from mixed reviews?
How do consumers react to products with diverse online reviews?

How are ordinary consumers transforming the fashion business?
One of the most important shifts of the 21st century is the ability of consumers to participate in markets they love such as music and fashion.

Physicists shed light on mysterious tongue condition
Physicists from Israel have shed light on the intricate dynamics underpinning a mysterious tongue condition that has been puzzling the medical community for decades.

Goodbye to MP3s: Music listeners are happy with 2 streaming services
In a survey of over 600 young Finns, 76 percent of respondents listened to music from YouTube every day.

Springer and Jisc reach agreement
Springer Science+Business Media and Jisc have agreed on a new arrangement which takes into account UK scientists' need to comply with multiple funders' open access policies and to have access to the vast library of scientific articles published by Springer, while containing the combined costs of article processing charges and subscriptions.

New study highlights the value of local knowledge in recovering endangered species
The study, co-authored by NOAA Fisheries, the University of Washington, and researchers from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, explores how recreational anglers' understanding of the ecosystem and fishing practices influence their views of conserving bocaccio, canary rockfish, and yelloweye rockfish in Puget Sound.

'Gold standard' for pain relief after shoulder surgery may not be 24 karat
Around 10,000 patients undergo shoulder surgery in Ontario every year and most go home the same day.

Simplifying SNP discovery in the cotton genome
Researchers have developed a strategy that simplifies the discovery of useful single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the complex cotton genome.

New recommendations for treating patients with high blood pressure and CVD
Three professional organizations have issued a joint statement on treating high blood pressure in people who have been diagnosed with coronary heart disease, stroke or other forms of heart disease.

Why slimy cheats don't win
Darwin's evolutionary theory predicts survival of the fittest. So why do different survival tactics co-exist, if evolution should always favor the winning strategy?

Two-dimensional dirac materials: Structure, properties, and rarity
Great development of graphene has inspired the seeking for other two-dimensional (2-D) materials.

UTSA biologist selected to receive Distinguished Service Award from Society for the Study of Reproduction
The Society for the Study of Reproduction has selected UTSA biologist John McCarrey to receive its Distinguished Service Award for demonstrating unselfish service and leadership in advancing the discipline of reproductive biology.

Physician recommendations result in greater weight loss, UGA research finds
Patients advised to lose weight by their physicians dropped more pounds on average than those who didn't receive a recommendation, according to new research from the University of Georgia published in Economics & Human Biology.

Scientists find clues into cognitive dysfunction in chronic fatigue syndrome
Scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have identified a unique pattern of immune molecules in the cerebrospinal fluid of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome that provides insights into the basis for cognitive dysfunction --frequently described by patients as 'brain fog'-- as well as new hope for improvements in diagnosis and treatment.

Broad, Bayer expand partnership to develop therapies for cardiovascular disease
The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have expanded their collaboration with Bayer HealthCare to include cardiovascular genomics and drug discovery.

Moving upstream to promote a healthier nation
The Society for Public Health Education proudly announces the publication of a Health Education & Behavior supplement devoted to the latest research and practice on policy and environmental approaches to foster healthy communities.

Folic acid may help elderly weather heat waves
Supplemental folic acid can enhance blood vessel dilation in older adults, according to Penn State researchers, suggesting that folic acid supplements may be an inexpensive alternative for helping older adults to increase skin blood flow during heat waves and reduce cardiovascular events.

World-first human Hendra virus clinical trials begin
An antibody manufactured at the University of Queensland will be used in world-first human Hendra virus clinical trials starting this month.

The 100 million year-old piggyback
Scientists have uncovered the earliest fossilized evidence of an insect caring for its young.

Eye Expo at UH offers resources to the visually impaired
A vision expo will be held Saturday, April 25 at the University of Houston, addressing leisure time pursuits for the visually impaired.

Shift to gay, lesbian, bisexual identities in early adulthood tied to depressive symptoms
People whose sexual identities changed toward same-sex attraction in early adulthood reported more symptoms of depression in a nationwide survey than those whose sexual orientations did not change or changed in the opposite direction, according to a new study by a University of Illinois at Chicago sociologist.

Particulate air pollution: Exposure to ultrafine particles influences cardiac function
The adverse health effects caused by fine particles have been known for some time.

Four centers in Spain join forces to bridge the gap between research and clinical practice
Today, four centers in Barcelona jointly launch a program that seeks to offer advanced research training for physicians and to strengthen the collaboration between basic research centers and hospitals.

Mighty microexons take center stage in shaping of the brain
Complex brain disorders, such as autism or schizophrenia, still puzzle scientists because their causes lie hidden in early events of brain development, which are still poorly understood.

The 'intraterrestrials': New viruses discovered in ocean depths
The intraterrestrials, they might be called. Strange creatures live in the deep sea, but few are odder than the viruses that inhabit deep ocean methane seeps and prey on single-celled microorganisms called archaea.

First use of new ablation catheter in US offers improved atrial fibrillation treatment
Dr. Daniel Melby, an investigator at the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, performed the first atrial fibrillation ablation in the US using Biosense Webster's new THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH SF contact force sensing catheter as part of an FDA regulated safety trial.

HIV patients experience better kidney transplant outcomes than Hepatitis C patients
HIV-positive kidney transplant patients experienced superior outcomes when compared to kidney transplant patients with Hepatitis C and those infected with both HIV and Hepatitis C, according to a study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and published online in Kidney International.

Soil organic matter susceptible to climate change
Soil organic matter, long thought to be a semi-permanent storehouse for ancient carbon, may be much more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought.

Cultivating timeflow: Can consumers shape how they experience time?
Why does time seem to crawl if you're waiting in line at the post office, but hours can fly by in minutes when you're doing something fun?

The rapid rise of human language
In a new paper, an MIT linguist contends that human language likely developed quite rapidly into a sophisticated system: Instead of mumbles and grunts, people deployed syntax and structures resembling the ones we use today.

Online illusion: Unplugged, we really aren't that smart
The Internet brings the world to our fingertips, but it turns out that getting information online also has a startling effect on our brains: We feel a lot smarter than we really are, according to a Yale-led study published March 30 in the Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Wobbly no more
Children love to build things. Often half the fun for them is building something and then knocking it down.

Marcus Miller, Ph.D., receives ACMG Foundation/David L. Rimoin Inspiring Excellence Award
The ACMG Foundation for Genetic and Genomic Medicine is proud to announce that Marcus Miller, Ph.D., of Baylor is the recipient of the inaugural ACMG Foundation/David L.

International initiative launched to advance state-of-the-art digital tracings of neurons
The Allen Institute for Brain Science is spearheading a landmark international effort to define and advance the state-of-the-art digital reconstruction and analysis of single neurons.

Using patients' own cells to accelerate research into neurological disease
A patient's very own skin cells may hold the key to new treatments and even cures for devastating neurological diseases.

South-east England ahead on genetic tests for inherited eye conditions
New research from The University of Manchester published in the Journal of Community Genetics reveals a stark variation in genetic testing services for inherited eye disease in England.

Saving money: Do consumers spend less if they think about the future?
Why is it so hard for consumers to save money?

Innovative strategies needed to address the US transplant organ shortage
As the United States faces transplant waiting lists that continue to grow longer over time, there is increasing debate about the proper way to incentivize living donations.

People in MTV docusoaps are more ideal than real
More midriff, cleavage and muscle is seen in MTV's popular television docusoaps such as The Real World, Jersey Shore or Laguna Beach than in the average American household.

Planck: An 'unfocused' eye that sees the big picture
Planck satellite helps to unveil the large-scale structure of the Universe.

Significant reduction seen in fatal car crashes after an increase in alcohol taxes
Increasing state alcohol taxes could prevent thousands of deaths a year from car crashes, say University of Florida Health researchers, who found alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes decreased after taxes on beer, wine and spirits went up in Illinois.

President Obama announces exceptional science, mathematics and engineering mentors
Today, President Obama named 14 individuals and one organization as recipients of the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring (PAESMEM).

Generous welfare benefits make people more likely to want to work, not less
Generous welfare benefit levels make people who are not in employment more likely to want to work rather than less, new research suggests.

Astronomers discover likely precursors of galaxy clusters we see today
Observations made with two space observatories, Herschel and Planck, reveal glimpses into how today's galaxies came to be.

Domestic violence deters contraception
A major study published in PLOS One showed that women who are abused by their partner or ex-partner are much less likely to use contraception; this exposes them to sexually transmitted diseases and leads to more frequent unintended pregnancies and abortions.

Experts question election pledges on GP access
As the general election in the UK approaches, experts writing in The BMJ this week question whether the party promises on access to general practice are likely to be achievable.

Using Twitter to probe political polarization
Most often on Twitter, those we engage with are like-minded, and the ensuing electronic maelstrom of 140-character missives serves to reinforce, pulling us and them further along in the direction we were already trending toward.

Tiny bird's migration route includes nonstop Atlantic crossing
By outfitting tiny birds with even tinier tracking 'backpacks,' an international research team -- led by a University of Guelph professor -- has confirmed what many scientists had long suspected: the blackpoll warblers annual migration route includes a three-day, nonstop flight over the Atlantic Ocean, a journey of more than 2,500 kilometers in some cases.

Study -- Governments can prevent tragic death toll of mothers and babies
'Inequities in postnatal care in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis' is by Étienne V.

Getting the message across: Can active symbols on road signs save lives?
If you're traveling at 60 miles per hour, just a few milliseconds can mean the difference between life and death when you need to come to a quick stop.

In Alzheimer's mice, memory restored with cancer drug
Memory and as well as connections between brain cells were restored in mice with a model of Alzheimer's given an experimental cancer drug, Yale School of Medicine researchers reported in the journal Annals of Neurology.

Methane monitoring method reveals high levels in Pennsylvania stream
A new stream-based monitoring system recently discovered high levels of methane in a Pennsylvania stream near the site of a reported Marcellus shale gas well leak, according to researchers at Penn State and the US Geological Survey.

Paracetamol is ineffective for lower back pain
Paracetamol is not effective in the treatment of spinal pain and provides negligible benefits for osteoarthritis, according to a study published in The BMJ today.

IUPUI chemist working to improve drug and poison screening in forensics
IUPUI analytical chemist Nicholas Manicke is intent on improving the speed and accuracy of mass spectrometry for detecting drugs and poisons in blood samples.

Chronic loneliness in older adults leads to more doctors' office visits, UGA study finds
Experiences of loneliness and social isolation can lead to increased health care use among older adults, according to new research from the University of Georgia College of Public Health.

WCS wins International ReSource Award for work in Brazil's Pantanal
The Wildlife Conservation Society has won Swiss Re Foundation's prestigious International ReSource Award for Sustainable Watershed Management for its efforts to protect and restore the headwaters of Brazil's Pantanal, one of the world's largest tropical wetlands.

Pet foods contain animal contents not explicitly identified on labels
Several brands of pet food contain unspecified animal species, and various proportions of beef, chicken and pork that are not explicitly identified on the product labels, according to research in the open access journal Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica.

Internet searches create illusion of personal knowledge, research finds
Searching the Internet for information may make people feel smarter than they actually are, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Montréal scientists get 1 step closer to finding how to repair damaged nerve cells
A team of researchers at the IRCM led by Frédéric Charron, Ph.D., in collaboration with bioengineers at McGill University, uncovered a new kind of synergy in the development of the nervous system, which explains an important mechanism required for neural circuits to form properly.

How a deadly fungus evades the immune system
New research from the University of Toronto has scientists re-thinking how a lethal fungus grows and kills immune cells.

Keeping hungry jumbos at bay
Until now electric fences and trenches have proved to be the most effective way of protecting farms and villages from night time raids by hungry elephants.

Bacteria play an important role in the long term storage of carbon in the ocean
The ocean is a large reservoir of dissolved organic molecules, and many of these molecules are stable against microbial utilization for hundreds to thousands of years.

Can caffeine be used to treat or prevent Alzheimer's disease?
The proposed link between caffeine and reductions in the beta amyloid plaque accumulation characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) suggest a possible role for caffeine in AD treatment.

Researchers aim to safeguard privacy on social networks
A researcher at the University of Kansas' Information and Telecommunication Technology Center is investigating solutions that could shore up personal privacy on leading social media sites.

Researchers unravel mechanism that plays key role in sexual differentiation of brain
During prenatal development, the brains of most animals, including humans, develop specifically male or female characteristics.

Early education narrows the achievement gap with younger starts and longer stays
'These findings show that more high-quality early education and care can narrow the achievement gap before children reach kindergarten,' said Noreen M.

Rodeo in liquid crystal
Sitting with a joystick in their chairs, scientists can play 'rodeo' on a screen magnifying what is happening under their microscope.

Study: Phone counseling reduces pain, disability after back surgery
Research by Johns Hopkins scientists suggests that having a short series of phone conversations with trained counselors can substantially boost recovery and reduce pain in patients after spinal surgery.

Renewables re-energized: Green energy investments worldwide surge 17 percent to $270 billion in 2014 (UNEP)
UNEP report: Global investments in renewable energy rebounded strongly last year, registering a solid 17 percent increase after two years of declines and brushing aside the challenge from sharply lower crude oil prices.

200th anniversary of Tambora eruption a reminder of volcanic perils
UC Berkeley volcanologist Stephen Self, an expert on super-eruptions, was the first modern-day scientist to visit Tambora in Indonesia, the site of the largest volcanic eruption in 1,000 years.

How diverse is your social network? The answer may reveal something about your values
A new study by Wellesley College professor and social psychologist Angela Bahns sheds light on the role of beliefs about the value of diversity in fostering attitudinally diverse friendships.

Faulty modeling studies led to overstated predictions of Ebola outbreak
Frequently used approaches to understanding and forecasting emerging epidemics -- including the West African Ebola outbreak -- can lead to big errors that mask their own presence, according to a University of Michigan ecologist and his colleagues.

Typhoons rain away wrath
A key missing piece in forecasting typhoon strength was identified by OIST researchers.

$2.1 million grant targets antibiotic resistance
Dr. Walter Fast at The University of Texas at Austin has received a four-year $2.1 million grant to develop small-molecules that counter antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria.

Elsevier Materials Science Council introduces Materials in Society Lecture Series at ICMAT
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services and publishing home of Materials Today, announced that its Materials Science Council has launched the Materials in Society Lecture Series.

Premature aging of stem cell telomeres, not inflammation, linked to emphysema
Lung diseases like emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis are common among people with malfunctioning telomeres, the 'caps' or ends of chromosomes.

Stereotypes persist that class and privilege determine intellect and success
A meritocracy holds that if you work hard enough, you can succeed in life, regardless of race, religion, gender or social status.

Daily dam releases on Massachusetts' Deerfield River reduce downstream flows
In the first-of-its-kind study of the environmental effects of hydropeaking, that is releasing water at hydropower dams to meet peak daily electricity demand, two University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers say their unexpected findings suggest that about 10 percent of released water may be permanently lost, making that water unavailable to downstream users and wildlife.

Restoring IL-17 may treat skin infections related to chronic alcohol consumption
Alcoholism takes a toll on every aspect of a person's life, including skin problems.

Bullying by students with disabilities reduced by social-emotional learning
Study, funded by Centers for Disease Control, finds that peer victimization, bullying, declined 20 percent among students with disabilities who participated in Second Step social-emotional learning curricula.

Skin tough
A collaboration of Berkeley Lab and UC San Diego researchers has recorded the first direct observations of the micro-scale mechanisms behind the ability of skin to resist tearing.

Medieval Russia began speaking German
A researcher from the Lomonosov Moscow State University tells about the linguistic ties between the Medieval Europe and Novgorod the Great.

NASA sees Maysak become a super typhoon
NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of Typhoon Maysak as it strengthened into a super typhoon on March 31, reaching Category 5 hurricane status on the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale.

Scientists reveal unique mechanism of natural product with powerful antimicrobial action
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have uncovered the unique mechanism of a powerful natural product with wide-ranging antifungal, antibacterial, anti-malaria and anti-cancer effects.

Lizard activity levels can help scientists predict environmental change
As average global temperatures rise, animals dependent on external sources to raise their body temperature may spend more time in the shade and less time eating and reproducing.

Pig-borne disease most likely jumped into humans when rearing practices changed
The most virulent strains of Streptococcus suis, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in adult humans in parts of southeast Asia and in pigs around the world, are likely to have evolved and become widespread in pigs at the same time as changes in rearing practices, according to research from an international consortium published today in the journal Nature Communications.

Mayo Clinic study suggests acute injured kidneys can be considered for transplant
The shortage of kidneys needed for organ transplantation in the US can be alleviated in part by using select kidneys with Acute Kidney Injury, resulting in safe and positive outcomes, according to research conducted at Mayo Clinic in Arizona.

Discovering missing body parts of ancient fossils
Certain specimens of the fossil Dickinsonia are incomplete because ancient currents lifted them from the sea floor, a team of researchers led by paleontologists at the University of California, Riverside has found.

Researchers see significant reduction in fatal car crashes after increase in alcohol taxes
Increasing state alcohol taxes could prevent thousands of deaths a year from car crashes, say University of Florida Health researchers, who found alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes decreased after taxes on beer, wine and spirits went up in Illinois.

New US-Japan collaborations bring Big Data approaches to disaster response
When disaster strikes, it is critical that experts, decision makers and emergency personnel have access to real-time information in order to assess the situation and respond appropriately.

Better traffic signals can cut greenhouse gas emissions
A study shows smarter traffic signals can cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Score! Video gamers may learn visual tasks more quickly
Video games not only sharpen the visual processing skills of frequent players, they might also improve the brain's ability to learn those skills, according to a new study.

Picturing peanut contamination with near infrared hyperspectral imaging
Study the label of almost any food product and you're likely to see the rather vague warning 'May contain peanuts' somewhere on there, unless of course it's a product that definitely does contain peanuts.

SAGE announces travel grant winners for annual UKSG Conference
SAGE today is delighted to announce the winners of a joint travel grant sponsorship with Springer, for the Annual 2015 UKSG Conference.

The rise of the takeaway
The number of takeaway food outlets has risen substantially over the past two decades, with a large increase seen in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage, according to a study carried out across Norfolk by researchers at the University of Cambridge.

'Amazing' physics demos to keep practical science alive
With school students in England bracing themselves for new-style GCSE science exams that are based entirely on written tests, Physics World has teamed up with Neil Downie to put together 'five amazing physics demonstrations' that highlight the value and importance of keeping experimentation at the center of the science classroom.

Protein may improve liver regeneration
Researchers at UC Davis have illuminated an important distinction between mice and humans: how human livers heal.

Dartmouth-led team researches future of climate smart dairy farming and bioenergy
Dartmouth and the University of Maryland have received federal funding to study the environmental and financial benefits of converting methane gas from cow manure into electricity and heat on Vermont and New York dairy farms over the next 60 years.

What's the difference between sugar and high-fructose corn syrup? (video)
It seems like it's in just about every product on grocery store shelves: high-fructose corn syrup.

How does fertility affect women's desire for variety in products?
Women seek a greater variety of products and services when they are ovulating, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Fires in Southeastern Australia
The fires superimposed on the satellite image of southeastern Australia designated by red spots may be indicative of 'planned burns' by the Victoria region.

How to make a profit from rotting garbage
Landfills can make a profit from all their rotting waste and a new patent explains exactly how to make the most out of the stinky garbage sites.

Spinnova developing environmentally friendly yarn thread technology
Launched in January, research and product development company Spinnova Ltd.

Exercise largely absent from US medical school curriculum, study shows
Fewer than half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received formal education or training on the subject, according to new research from Oregon State University.

Nanomedicine shines light on combined force of nanomedicine and regenerative medicine
Nanomedicine has published a special focus issue on the combined force of nanomedicine and regenerative medicine; two fields that continue to develop at a dramatic pace.

Do consumers think products are better when companies donate to charity?
Does hearing about a company's charitable donations raise your opinion of their products?

Scientists discover why flowers bloom earlier in a warming climate
Scientists at the John Innes Centre have discovered why the first buds of spring come increasingly earlier as the climate changes.

Ob/Gyn experts recommend 'ultrasound first' for imaging the female pelvis
Ultrasound technology has evolved dramatically in recent years. A group of noted obstetricians and gynecologists maintain that ultrasound is more cost-effective and safer than other imaging modalities for imaging the female pelvis and should be the first imaging modality used for patients with pelvic symptoms.

Researchers identify 'beige' fat-burning cells in humans
For the first time, a research team, led by a UC San Francisco biologist, has isolated energy-burning 'beige' fat from adult humans, which is known to be able to convert unhealthy white fat into healthy brown fat.

Researchers map seasonal greening in US forests, fields, and urban areas
Using the assessment tool ForWarn, US Forest Service researchers can monitor the growth and development of vegetation that signals winter's end and the awakening of a new growing season.

Brittle bone disease: Drug research offers hope
New research at the University of Michigan offers evidence that a drug being developed to treat osteoporosis may also be useful for treating osteogenesis imperfecta or brittle bone disease, a rare but potentially debilitating bone disorder that that is present from birth.

Scientists discover elusive secret of how continents formed
An international research team, led by a Virginia Tech geoscientist, has revealed information about how continents were generated on Earth more than 2.5 billion years ago -- and how those processes have continued within the last 70 million years to profoundly affect the planet's life and climate.

Worm lizards dispersed by 'rafting' over oceans, not continental drift
Tiny, burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards became widespread long after the breakup of the continents, leading scientists to conclude that they must have dispersed by rafting across oceans soon after the extinction of the dinosaurs, rather than by continental drift as previously thought.

Researchers see drop in methane emissions from natural gas local distribution systems
A team led by Washington State University researchers has found that methane emissions from local natural gas distribution systems in cities and towns throughout the US have decreased in the past 20 years with significant variation by region.

St. Gallen 2015: Latest multidisciplinary research in early breast cancer
The latest challenges of early breast cancer research include refining classification and predicting treatment responses, according to a report on the 14th St.

Travelling pollution
Researchers from the UK and Malaysia have detected a human fingerprint deep in the Borneo rainforest in Southeast Asia.

University of Houston researchers build brain-machine interface to control prosthetic hand
A research team from the University of Houston has created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his thoughts.

World first study reveals antibodies that may trigger psychosis in children
A world first study revealing the presence of two antibodies in a sub-group of children experiencing their first episode of psychosis affirms a longstanding recognition that auto-immune disorders play a significant role in psychiatric illness.

History of depression puts women at risk for diabetes during pregnancy, study finds
A history of depression may put women at risk for developing diabetes during pregnancy, according to research published in the latest issue of the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing by researchers from Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing.

Researchers question use of paracetamol for lower back pain and osteoarthritis
New research shows that paracetamol is ineffective in reducing pain, disability or improving quality of life for patients who suffer from low back pain or osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, and its use may affect the liver.

'Religiously integrated' psychotherapy is effective for depression
For chronically ill patients with major depression, an approach to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that incorporates patients' religious beliefs is at least as effective as conventional CBT, suggests a study in the April issue of The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

Memory immune cells that screen intruders as they enter lymph nodes
Australian scientists have discovered a new population of 'memory' immune cells, throwing light on what the body does when it sees a microbe for the second time.

Tiny songbird discovered to migrate non-stop, 1,500 miles over the Atlantic
For the first time biologists report 'irrefutable evidence' that tiny blackpoll warblers complete a nonstop flight from about 1,410 to 1,721 miles (2,270 to 2,770 km) in just two to three days.

How did he do it? Mayor Bloomberg's public health strategy evaluated in Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
How did former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg succeed in achieving so much of his 'comprehensive and far-reaching' public health agenda?

Smartphone face recognition 'improved' by copying the brain
Face recognition security on smartphones can be significantly improved if users store an 'average' photo of themselves, according to new research by scientists at the University of York.

100-million-year-old scale insect practiced brood care
Scientists at the University of Bonn, together with colleagues from China, UK and Poland, have described the oldest evidence of brood care in insects: it is in a female scale insect with her young that is encased in amber as a fossil.

A risk score for chronic kidney disease can inform choice of HIV medications
Both traditional and HIV-related risk factors can predict the likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Isotope study shows which urban ants love junk food
Research finds that some -- but not all -- of the ant species on the streets of Manhattan have developed a taste for human food, offering insight into why certain ants are thriving in urban environments.

American Diabetes Association and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery launch PRE-val
The journals of the American Diabetes Association and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc., have adopted PRE-val, a service designed to secure greater trust and transparency in peer review.

Advancing physics frontiers
Whether they are describing the physics of how multicellular groups form from individual living cells, assembling the building blocks for quantum computing and quantum engineering, or investigating how massive elements came into being after our universe's beginning, the National Science Foundation's newest Physics Frontiers Center awardees represent the leading edge of physics research.

Discovery of 2 new species of primitive fishes
Working with an international team, paleontologists at the University of Zurich have discovered two new species of Saurichthys.

Better method for forecasting hurricane season
A better method for predicting the number of hurricanes in an upcoming season has been developed by a team of University of Arizona atmospheric scientists.

Kids allowed to 'sip' alcohol may start drinking earlier
Children who get a taste of their parents' wine now and then may be more likely than their peers to start drinking by high school, according to a new report in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to