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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | April 10, 2015


Eating out = high blood pressure?
A recent study on university-going young adults, by researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore, is the first ever to show an association between meals eaten away from home and high blood pressure.
NASA chooses UT Arlington team to develop potential Mars mission technology
NASA has selected UT Arlington as one of four US institutions to develop improved methods for oxygen recovery and reuse aboard human spacecraft, a technology the agency says is crucial to 'enable our human journey to Mars and beyond.'
New book on mitosis from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Mitosis,' from CSHLPress, covers both historical and recent developments in our understanding of mitosis and its regulation.
How many gold atoms make gold metal?
Researchers at the Nanoscience Center at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have shown that dramatic changes in the electronic properties of nanometer-sized chunks of gold occur in well-defined size range.
Research could usher in next generation of batteries, fuel cells
Scientists from South Carolina's leading public universities -- the University of South Carolina and Clemson University -- have made a discovery that could dramatically improve the efficiency of batteries and fuel cells.
DFG announces recipients of 2015 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize
This year's recipients of the most important prize for early career researchers in Germany have been announced.
Researchers test smartphones for earthquake warning
Smartphones and other personal electronic devices could, in regions where they are in widespread use, function as early warning systems for large earthquakes according to newly reported research.
Kindergartners who shared iPads in class scored higher on achievement tests
A promising study by a researcher at Northwestern University found that kindergartners in classes with shared iPads significantly outscored their peers on achievement tests who were in classes that had no iPads or classes with iPads for each student (1:1).
Researchers create tool to predict avian flu outbreaks
A simple and effective portable tool to predict avian flu outbreaks on farms has been created by University of Guelph researchers.
'Space-age' research looks to provide new human health insights
Spaceflight causes significant physiological changes including an accelerated loss of muscle and bone density, and immune system dysfunction that parallel the effects of natural aging here on Earth.
Enzyme in cosmetic products can act as allergen via the skin
Papain is an important industrial protein-degrading enzyme that is used, for example, in the food and cosmetic industries.
Mapping energy metabolism of growing nerve cells to better understand neuronal disorders
A group of Japanese scientists have discovered how nerve cells adjust to low energy environments during the brain's growth process.
From quantum, through the big bang, to infinity -- how to explain time?
What is time? Assuming no prior specialized knowledge by the reader, the book raises specific, hitherto overlooked questions about how time works, such as how and why anyone can be made to be, at the very same instant, simultaneous with events that are actually days apart.
A new beginning for baby mosasaurs
They weren't in the delivery room, but researchers at Yale University and the University of Toronto have discovered a new birth story for a gigantic marine lizard that once roamed the oceans.
NASA satellite image shows Joalane's beauty beyond compare
From space, Tropical Cyclone Joalane's beauty is beyond compare. NASA's Aqua satellite captured a near-visible image of the storm moving east of Rodrigues Island in the Southern Indian Ocean.
Platform adoption in network markets
Strategic partnering has become commonplace when introducing innovations to systems markets.
New guidance on contact precautions for hospital visitors
Leading infectious diseases experts have released new guidance for healthcare facilities looking to establish precautions for visitors of patients with infectious diseases.
AZ Business magazine picks TGen's Dr. Daniel D. Von Hoff as 2015 Researcher of the Year
AZ Business magazine has named Dr. Daniel D. Von Hoff of the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) as its 2015 Researcher of the Year.
NASA satellite sees a rooster in Tropical Cyclone Solo
Tropical Cyclone Solo looks like a rooster in visible and infrared imagery taken from NASA's Aqua satellite on April 10.
Dodo bird verdict given new life by psychosis therapy study
A study by researchers at the University of Manchester and the University of Liverpool has examined the psychological treatment of more than 300 people suffering from psychosis, showing that, whatever the therapy, it is the relationship between the patient and therapist which either improves or damages wellbeing.
Electrical control of quantum bits in silicon paves the way to large quantum computers
A UNSW-led research team has encoded quantum information in silicon using simple electrical pulses for the first time, bringing the construction of affordable large-scale quantum computers one step closer to reality.
Telomeres and cancer mortality: The long and the short of it
Telomeres are short stretches of repeated nucleotides that protect the ends of chromosomes.
Enzalutamide: Indication of major added benefit for over 75-year-olds
In comparison with watchful waiting, the new drug can prolong survival in certain patients with prostate cancer and delay the occurrence of disease complications.
New material could boost batteries' power, help power plants
You're going to have to think very small to understand something that has the potential to be very big.
Social media and gaming initiative aims to enhance education on energy efficiency
Plymouth University and DCH (formerly Devon and Cornwall Housing) are part of a three-year partnership initiative which aims to reduce energy consumption and increase understanding and engagement about domestic energy efficiency amongst affordable housing residents.
Psychological testing in the service of disability determination
Broader use of standardized psychological testing for applicants submitting disability claims to the US Social Security Administration should improve the accuracy and consistency of disability determinations, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.
Sixteen scholars featured in Midwest Political Science Association's 2015 Empire Lecture Series
The Midwest Political Science Association conference, held April 16-19, 2015, at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago is one of the largest in the discipline, with almost 6,000 presenters on the program and over 1,000 sessions with presenters from around the United States and at least 50 other countries.
What life was like for newborn giant sea lizards during the age of the dinosaur
Many scientists have studied fossils from gigantic marine lizards called mosasaurs that lived at the time of the dinosaurs and flourished in ancient seas, but little is known about aspects of their breeding and birth.
New clinical platform may accelerate discovery of diagnostic and therapeutic agents
Researchers at University of British Columbia have developed a new technology that enables rapid discovery of aptamers, one of the fastest growing classes of diagnostic and therapeutic agents.
MS researchers at Kessler Foundation study processing speed impact on cognitive training
Kessler Foundation researchers published a subanalysis of their MEMREHAB trial, which shows that treatment with the modified Story Memory Technique© (mSMT) may be affected by processing speed. mSMT is a 10-session cognitive intervention protocol shown to improve new learning and memory in individuals with MS.
Basis established for nitric oxide joining oxygen and carbon dioxide in respiratory cycle
Professor Jonathan Stamler's latest findings regarding nitric oxide have the potential to reshape fundamentally the way we think about the respiratory system -- and offer new avenues to save lives.
Accelerating universe? Not so fast
A UA-led team of astronomers found that the type of supernovae commonly used to measure distances in the universe fall into distinct populations not recognized before.
Scientists a step closer to developing renewable propane
Researchers at the University of Manchester have made a significant breakthrough in the development of synthetic pathways that will enable renewable biosynthesis of the gas propane.
Plant cell structure discovery could lead to improved renewable materials
Major steps forward in the use of plants for renewable materials, energy and for building construction could soon arise, thanks to a key advance in understanding the structure of wood.
Can humans get norovirus from their dogs?
Human norovirus may infect our canine companions, according to research published online April 1 in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology.
Graphene looking promising for future spintronic devices
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have discovered that large area graphene is able to preserve electron spin over an extended period, and communicate it over greater distances than had previously been known.
Southeastern Immunology Symposium provides forum for research collaboration
The 4th Southeastern Immunology Symposium, hosted by Emory University School of Medicine, will be held June 13-14, 2015, at Emory University.
Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation bestows annual awards
Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation awards were announced March 4 during the society's Annual Scientific Meeting in Atlanta.
ACA provision for young adults leaves racial disparities intact among trauma patients
The Affordable Care Act allowed millions of young adults to retain health care coverage through their parents' insurance plans, but new research finds that many young African-American and Hispanic adults who need coverage for trauma care may not get it.
MIPT researchers grow cardiac tissue on 'spider silk' substrate
Genetically engineered fibers of the protein spidroin, which is the construction material for spider webs, has proven to be a perfect substrate for cultivating heart tissue cells, a group of researchers led by Professor Konstantin Agladze found.
NTU-NXP to develop smart mobility test bed in Singapore
Nanyang Technological University and NXP Semiconductors N.V. are building a high-tech living test bed for smart cars and traffic systems on the NTU campus.
Public Release:  Nobel Laureate Steven Chu to present Cummins Lecture at CCNY, April 17
Nobel Laureate and former US Secretary of Energy Dr. Steven Chu will deliver the third Herman Cummins Lecture at The City College of New York 3 p.m.
What happens underground when a missile or meteor hits
Duke University researchers have developed techniques that enable them to simulate high-speed missile and meteor impacts into soil and sand in the lab, and then watch what happens underground close-up, in super slow motion.
Cosmic debris: Study looks inside the universe's most powerful explosions
A new study provides an inside look at the most powerful explosions in the universe.
Himalaya calling
World Century Publishing Corp. is proud to announce an exceptional volume on the history of Chinese and Indian civilization.
Latest study finds BGI's NIFTY® test performs best in noninvasive prenatal screening
On April 1, 2015, researchers from the Baylor College of Medicine, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the University of Hong Kong have published a study titled Accurate Description of DNA-Based Noninvasive Prenatal Screening in the New England Journal of Medicine.
'Epigenetics:' The new comprehensive guide from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
In this new edition of 'Epigenetics' from CSHL Press, 36 chapters by experts in the field introduce and explain epigenetic effects from many perspectives.
Scientists make no bones about first study of osteocyte cultures on Space Station
With their delivery on the next SpaceX commercial resupply services mission to the International Space Station, the Osteo-4 investigation team will analyze the effects of microgravity on osteocyte cultures for the first time.
LDUUV-INP, swarming UAVs on display at Sea-Air-Space
For the first time ever, the Large Displacement Unmanned Undersea Vehicle-Innovative Naval Prototype will be on display to the public April 13-15 during the Sea-Air-Space Exposition.

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