Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 13, 2015
2015 Henry Ford Brain Tumor Symposium
The 2015 Henry Ford Brain Tumor Symposium takes place 8 a.m.

The cost and quality of cancer care in Health Affairs' April issue
The April issue of Health Affairs contains a cluster of papers focusing on the cost and quality of cancer care.

Network 'hubs' in the brain attract information, much like airport system
'Hubs' in the brain -- highly connected regions that like hubs of the airport system -- act as critical destinations where information is received and integrated.

Pitt cancer virology team reveals new pathway that controls how cells make proteins
A serendipitous combination of technology and scientific discovery, coupled with a hunch, allowed University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute researchers to reveal a previously invisible biological process that may be implicated in the rapid growth of some cancers.

New breath technology picks up high risk changes heralding stomach cancer
A new type of technology that senses minute changes in the levels of particular compounds in exhaled breath, accurately identifies high risk changes which herald the development of stomach cancer, reveals research published online in the journal Gut.

NASA catches Tropical Cyclone Solo dissipating
Tropical Cyclone Solo was dissipating over the Southwestern Pacific Ocean when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on April 13, 2015.

UK research cash for dementia and stroke still way too low
The amount of government money pumped into dementia and stroke research in the UK has risen significantly in recent years, but it is still way too low when compared with the economic and personal impact these conditions have, finds a study published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Emergency departments improve readiness to care for children
Pediatric emergency care coordinators in the nation's emergency departments are strongly linked with improved readiness to care for children, according to a new study in JAMA Pediatrics.

Study challenges view that sight-based brain sensory network organization is impaired with blindness
New research shows the way the brain organizes its visual sense remains intact even in people blind from birth, and the pattern of functional connectivity between the visual area and the topographical representation of space (up/down etc.) can develop on its own without any visual experience.

How Rhode Island Hospital used Google Glass to diagnose skin conditions
Physicians at Rhode Island Hospital experimented with Google Glass to gauge the effectiveness, security and patient acceptance of a real-time, video dermatological consultation.

Human immune system can control re-awakened HIV, suggesting cure is possible
The human immune system can handle large bursts of HIV activity and so it should be possible to cure HIV with a 'kick and kill' strategy, finds new research led by UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

U-M researchers find new gene involved in blood-forming stem cells
Research led by the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute has identified a gene critical to controlling the body's ability to create blood cells and immune cells from blood-forming stem cells -- known as hematopoietic stem cells.

Logging means ants, worms and other invertebrates lose rainforest dominance
Logging slashes the abundance of invertebrates like ants and earthworms but new research shows vertebrates can take up their roles in the ecosystem.

Pulmonary emphysema: Novel neutrophil elastase isoform discovered
Elastases of white blood cells are involved in tissue destruction and can thus cause various diseases.

On the road to spin-orbitronics
Berkeley Lab researchers have discovered a new way of manipulating the magnetic domain walls in ultrathin magnets that could one day revolutionize the electronics industry through a technology called 'spin-orbitronics.'

Your pain reliever may also be diminishing your joy
Researchers studying the commonly used pain reliever acetaminophen found it has a previously unknown side effect: it blunts positive emotions.

Babies exposed to narcotic pain relievers more likely to experience withdrawal
Neonatal abstinence syndrome, a drug withdrawal syndrome in infants following birth, has historically been associated with illicit drug use among pregnant women.

New technology provides superior ability to rapidly detect volatile organic compounds
The quick analysis of volatile organic compounds is required for applications in environmental monitoring, homeland security, biomedical diagnostics, and food processing.

For big data researchers, network and compute capabilities are lynchpin to success
Big data in the life sciences is expected to equal if not surpass the data output of the particle physics community.

Mental rehearsal helps ER clinicians best prepare for trauma patients
Trauma resuscitation teams should map out mental blueprints and communicate their strategy to all team members involved in caring for patients, a new study suggests.

Cellular signals for pain fine tune neurons' sensitivity to opiods
At the cellular level, pain and pain relief are caused by two different signaling pathways.

More salt doesn't mean better performance for endurance athletes
The study cast doubts on the popular idea that salt consumption can help endurance athletes during competition.

Fragment of continental crust found under south east Iceland
An international team, including researchers at the University of Liverpool, have shown that south east Iceland is underlain by continental crust.

Clean up your life with chemistry life hacks (video)
Ever run out of your go-to cleaning product, and you've got a mess that you just can't leave alone?

Children with type 1 diabetes at fivefold risk of hospitalization
Children living with type 1 diabetes are nearly five times more likely to be admitted to hospital than non-diabetic children, a new study has found.

The placebome: Where genetics and the placebo effect meet
With the advent of genomics, researchers are learning that placebo responses are modified by a person's genetics.

Two Cell Press journals review relationship between immune system and cancer
In a joint special issue on cancer, immunity, and immunotherapy, Cancer Cell and Trends in Immunology explore the history of this work and review how immunology and cancer research currently intersect.

How a bacterial cell recognizes its own DNA
It may come as a bit of a surprise to learn that bacteria have an immune system -- in their case to fight off invasive viruses called phages.

NYU study identifies teens at risk for hashish use
One in 10 high school seniors have used hashish, a highly potent form of marijuana.

Mechanism outlined by which inadequate vitamin E can cause brain damage
Researchers have discovered how vitamin E deficiency may cause neurological damage by interrupting a supply line of specific nutrients and robbing the brain of the 'building blocks' it needs to maintain neuronal health.

Some atrial fibrillation patients receive unnecessary blood thinners
About a quarter of all atrial fibrillation patients at the lowest risk for stroke receive unnecessary blood thinners from cardiology specialists, according to UCSF researchers, and these providers must be made aware of the resulting potential health risks.

NIH still active in Gulf region 5 years after oil spill
Five years after the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion, researchers at the National Institutes of Health are actively working with Gulf region community partners, to learn if any human health problems resulted from the disaster and establish a new research response plan to be better prepared for future disasters.

New study reveals link between arrival of grandchildren and early retirement of women
A new study published in the Demography journal reveals retirement-age women who have new grandchildren are 9 percent more likely to retire early than other women.

A KAIST research team develops a hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvester
A research team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has developed a hyper-stretchable elastic-composite energy harvesting device called a nanogenerator.

Mathematics department at Iowa State receives AMS national award
The Department of Mathematics at Iowa State University is the 2015 recipient of the American Mathematical Society's Award for an Exemplary Program or Achievement in a Mathematics Department.

Wasp identification made easy
The first contribution to a complete identification resource for wasps, bees and ants of Africa and Madagascar has been published.

Dark Energy Survey creates detailed guide to spotting dark matter
Scientists on the Dark Energy Survey have released the first in a series of dark matter maps of the cosmos.

Tango dancing benefits Parkinson's patients
Dancing the Argentine tango could have potential benefits for people at certain stages in the development of Parkinson's disease, according to findings in a new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital-The Neuro, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre.

A new tool for understanding ALS: Patients' brain cells
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine have transformed skin cells from patients with Lou Gehrig's disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), into brain cells affected by the progressive, fatal disease, and have deposited those human-made cells into the first public ALS cell library, enabling scientists to better study the disease.

Bacterial raincoat discovery paves way to better crop protection
Fresh insights into how bacteria protect themselves -- by forming a waterproof raincoat -- could help develop improved products to protect plants from disease.

MPSA to honor 14 research projects at the 73rd Annual Conference in Chicago
The Midwest Political Science Association will announce the following award recipients at the annual MPSA Business Meeting, April 18, 2015 at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago.

Wake Forest Baptist researcher's team receives $8.5 million grant
A research program led by Dr. Carlos M. Ferrario, professor of surgery, nephrology and physiology-pharmacology at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, has been awarded an $8.5 million grant by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health.

Updated assessment of pediatric readiness of emergency departments
Pediatric readiness at emergency departments throughout the United States appears to have improved based on self-reported online assessments of compliance with national guidelines, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Brazilian study suggests adjustments on the treatment of cancer patients with pneumonia
Pneumonia is the most frequent type of infection in cancer patients and it is associated with high mortality rates.

Graphics in reverse
At the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition conference in June, MIT researchers will demonstrate that on some standard computer-vision tasks, short programs -- less than 50 lines long -- written in a probabilistic programming language are competitive with conventional systems with thousands of lines of code.

IU to lead first-ever investigation into subtle cues' influence on women's success in STEM
The National Science Foundation has awarded Indiana University's Mary C.

Mystery of Rett timing explained in MeCP2 binding
Scientists have puzzled over the fact that infants with the postnatal neurodevelopmental disorder Rett syndrome show symptoms of the disorder from one to two years after birth.

Researchers define role of Tmem231 in maintaining ciliary function
Researchers reveal how a protein linked to Meckel syndrome and other human diseases regulates the membrane composition of cilia, finger-like projections on the surface of cells that communicate signals.

Clinical testing begins for a diabetes app developed at Worcester Polytechnic Institute
An advanced smartphone application developed at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) to help diabetics better manage their weight and blood sugar and assess the status of chronic foot ulcers is entering a pilot clinical study at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Chimpanzees show ability to plan route in computer mazes, research finds
Chimpanzees are capable of some degree of planning for the future, in a manner similar to human children, while some species of monkeys struggle with this task, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Wofford College and Agnes Scott College.

VTT printed a morphine test on paper
VTT is the first in the world to have developed a drug test printed on paper.

Task Force weighs evidence on diabetes screening; more research news in Annals of Internal Medicine
Articles featured in the April 14, 2015, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine include 'Task Force weighs evidence on diabetes screening', 'Survey: Proposed regulations may contradict patient attitudes towards medical research' and 'Cancer experts: Too many patients being screened, diagnosed, and treated.'

Regenstrief Institute puts clinicians in charge of computer-based decision support
Rule Authoring and Validation Environment, a powerful new distributed approach to clinician decision support rule authoring 'personalized' to patient population, location and time, has been developed by Regenstrief Institute clinician-researchers and tested at Eskenazi Health, one of the nation's largest safety net hospital systems.

Study: Gene therapy superior to half-matched transplant for 'bubble boy disease'
In new research published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology reports that children with 'bubble boy disease' who undergo gene therapy have fewer infections and hospitalizations than those receiving stem cells from a partially matched donor.

Warming seas pose habitat risk for fishy favorites
Popular North Sea fish such as haddock, plaice and lemon sole could become less common on our menus because they will be constrained to preferred habitat as seas warm, according to a study published today in Nature Climate Change.

How deep-brain stimulation reshapes neural circuits in Parkinson's disease
UC San Francisco scientists have discovered a possible mechanism for how deep-brain stimulation, a widely used treatment for movement disorders, exerts its therapeutic effects.

Moffitt develops new method to characterize the structure of a protein that promotes tumor growth
offitt Cancer Center researchers have developed a new method to identify a previously unknown structure in a protein called MDMX.

Certain genes might make some people more prone to experience the placebo effect
Researchers are beginning to explore whether the genetics of patients who experience a placebo effect are different from those of patients who don't.

Burying the climate change problem
Burying the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, a byproduct of burning fossil fuels, has been mooted as one geoengineering approach to ameliorating climate change.

NIH, South African Medical Research Council award $8 million in HIV, TB grants
NIH and the South African Medical Research Council are awarding 31 grants to US and South African scientists to support research targeting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and HIV-related co-morbidities and cancers.

Balanced behavior with IRBIT
At the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan, researchers have identified the protein IRBIT as a key player in preventing these behaviors from developing.

Medical marijuana liquid extract may bring hope for children with severe epilepsy
A medicinal liquid form of marijuana may show promise as a treatment for children with severe epilepsy that is not responding to other treatments, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 67th Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., April 18-25, 2015.

Spinal surgery: Right on target
Because the spine is made up of repeating elements that look alike, surgeons can mistakenly operate on the wrong vertebra.

Kids with type 1 diabetes almost 5 times as likely to be admitted to hospital
Children with type 1diabetes run almost five times the risk of being admitted to hospital for any reason as their peers, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Engineers elucidate why skin is resistant to tearing
A team of researchers from the University of California, San Diego and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have shown why skin is remarkably resistant to tearing.

AHA new recs for designing, measuring and recognizing comprehensive workplace wellness programs
The American Heart Association released new recommendations today to address gaps in common standards around comprehensive workplace wellness programs.

First Heine H. Hansen Award goes to Pieter E. Postmus
The European Society for Medical Oncology and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer have announced the first Heine H.

Gold by special delivery intensifies cancer-killing radiation
Researchers at Brown and the University of Rhode Island have demonstrated what could become a more precise method for targeting cancer cells for radiation.

Violent methane storms on Titan may solve dune direction mystery
Titan, Saturn's largest moon, is one of the most Earthlike places in the solar system.

Unique UIC center will study alcohol's effect on genes
Funded by a five-year, $7 million federal grant, the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine will create a new center, the first of its kind, to study the effect of long-term alcohol exposure on genes.

HPV vaccination of adolescent boys may be cost-effective for preventing oropharyngeal cancer
A new study indicates that vaccinating 12-year-old boys against the humanpapilloma virus may be a cost-effective strategy for preventing oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer, a cancer that starts at the back of the throat and mouth, and involves the tonsils and base of the tongue.

Polymer coating could let medical sensors communicate with body
Research at The University of Akron to develop a polymer coating for medical sensors implanted in the body has attracted a $499,995 grant from the National Science Foundation.

Promising developments in tackling resistance to blood cancer drugs
A drug with the potential to reverse resistance to immunotherapy has been developed by scientists at the University of Southampton.

Improving work conditions increases parents' time with their children
A workplace intervention designed to reduce work-family conflict gave employed parents more time with their children without reducing their work time.

Ebola analysis finds virus hasn't become deadlier, yet
Research from the University of Manchester using cutting edge computer analysis reveals that despite mutating, Ebola hasn't evolved to become deadlier since the first outbreak 40 years ago.

Study finds emergency departments may help address opioid overdose, education
Emergency departments provide a promising venue to address opioid deaths with education on both overdose prevention and appropriate actions in a witnessed overdose.

One type of airway cell can regenerate another lung cell type
There's a new way that lung tissue can regenerate after injury, showing that lung tissue has more dexterity in repairing tissue than once thought.

Mars might have liquid water
Researchers have long known that there is water in the form of ice on Mars.

U-M researchers find protein that may signal more aggressive prostate cancers
University of Michigan researchers have discovered a biomarker that may be a potentially important breakthrough in diagnosing and treating prostate cancer.

Tradition is more important than education in determining participation European immigrant women's role in the workforce
The rate of participation in the workforce by European immigrant women is highly influenced by the traditional values that they bring with them from their countries of origin.

Stroke from poor air quality
Air pollution and smog have health consequences for affected populations ranging from respiratory problems to death.

Heart cells regenerated in mice
Weizmann Institute research gets mouse heart cells to take a step backwards so they can be renewed.

New light for old master paintings
Researchers from Nottingham Trent University's School of Science and Technology have partnered with the National Gallery in London to develop an instrument capable of non-invasively capturing subsurface details from artwork at a high resolution.

Research enables differentiated profiles in drug-addicted patients to be established
A research has enabled profiles of addicted patients to be established in terms of whether they display associated behavior of violence and/or whether they have committed criminal acts.

Meteorites key to the story of Earth's layers: ANU media release
A new analysis of the chemical make-up of meteorites has helped scientists work out when the Earth formed its layers.

X-ray ptychography, fluorescence microscopy combo sheds new light on trace elements
Scientists have developed a new approach that combines ptychographic X-ray imaging and fluorescence microscopy to study the important role trace elements play in biological functions on hydrated cells.

Melanoma's 'safe haven' targeted for shut-down
Melanoma cells become drug resistant by using surrounding healthy cells to provide a 'safe haven' from treatment, according to new research published in Cancer Cell on April 13, 2015.

Family doctors important in advising young women on egg freezing for future fertility
Family physicians have an important role in advising women about the benefits and risks of egg freezing, argues an analysis in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

New ways to see light and store information
Researchers from the University of Cologne, Jilin University and the University of Nottingham have developed a method to significantly prolong the lives of charges in organic electronic devices.

Bone mineral density improved in frail elderly women treated with zoledronic acid
A single intravenous dose of the osteoporosis drug zoledronic acid improved bone mineral density in a group of frail elderly women living in nursing homes and long-term-care facilities, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

New evidence for how green tea and apples could protect health
The Institute of Food Research has published a new study that adds more to the growing body of evidence that certain compounds found naturally in foods have specific effects that help prevent chronic diseases.

An exoplanet with an infernal atmosphere
As part of the PlanetS National Centre of Competence in Research, astronomers from the Universities of Geneva and Bern, Switzerland, have come to measure the temperature of the atmosphere of an exoplanet with unequaled precision, by crossing two approaches.

Recruiting participants for research: Simple explanations, queries from doctors are best
While a debate was raging between scientists and government regulators on how best to explain to patients the risks of participating in clinical research studies that compare standardized treatments, a team of bioethicists boldly went where no experts had gone before -- to the public.

Scientists uncover gene 'architects' responsible for body's blueprint
Researchers have identified two key proteins that act as genetic 'architects', creating the blueprint needed by embryos during the earliest stages of their development.

'The United States of Excess'
Are Americans hard-wired to consume too much food and fuel?

Sixth SpaceX delivery of station research with a side of caffeine
From improving LCD screens to testing espresso machines, a variety of research is headed to the International Space Station aboard the sixth SpaceX contracted resupply mission.

Passenger-focused air conditioning
How can a pleasant vehicle climate be achieved efficiently? Researchers at the Technische Universit√§t M√ľnchen pursued this question in the context of the research project Visio.M funded by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research with a total of 7.1 million euros.

Smartphone-based device could provide rapid, low-cost molecular tumor diagnosis
A device developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may bring rapid, accurate molecular diagnosis of tumors and other diseases to locations lacking the latest medical technology.

Why we have chins
Why are modern humans the only species to have chins?

CNIO experts identify an oncogene regulated by nutrients
In response to nutrient excess, the MCRS1 protein acts as a 'switch' for mTOR, a protein that is altered in cancer, diabetes and disorders associated with aging.

Scientists create invisible objects without metamaterial cloaking
Physicists from ITMO University, Ioffe Institute, and Australian National University managed to make homogenous cylindrical objects completely invisible in the microwave range.

Study of African birds reveals hotbed of malaria parasite diversity
Among hundreds of birds sampled during two months of field work in the southeastern African nation of Malawi, an astonishing proportion of the birds -- 79 percent -- were infected with haemosporidian parasites.

Molecular signature for outcomes of triple negative breast cancer
Compared to other types of breast cancer, triple negative breast cancers are often more aggressive and have fewer treatment options.

Professor Keiko Torii receives the 2015 Fellow of ASPB Award
Professor Keiko Torii of ITbM, Nagoya University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of Washington receives the 2015 Fellow of ASPB Award.

Penn Medicine pain management study reveals patient confusion about opioid addiction
Emergency department patients have misperceptions about opioid dependence and want more information about their pain management options, according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Flexing new muscles on the International Space Station
American company Ras Labs creates muscles out of an advanced smart material that could be used in robots, expanding its capabilities while enabling them to go places considered too dangerous for humans.

Did Richard III manage to keep his scoliosis a secret up until his death in 1485?
University of Leicester academic looks at historical sources about Richard's physique and posthumous reputation in new paper.

Personalized computer feedback can mitigate problem gambling behaviors
More than 1.6 million college-aged adults meet the criteria for problem gambling.

Solution-grown nanowires make the best lasers
Take a material that is a focus of interest in the quest for advanced solar cells.

What's in your wine? New study reveals how production methods affect color and taste of pinot noir
The taste and color of your wine depends on the methods used to produce it and the chemicals added during production, says research published in Analytical Chemistry Research.

Researchers identify drug target for ATRA, the first precision cancer therapy
Cancerous tumors have the unique ability to activate alternative pathways to evade targeted therapy.

Mayo profile identifies patients most at risk of developing pancreatic cancer
When people learn they have a lesion in their pancreas that could become pancreatic cancer, they often request frequent CT scans and biopsies, or surgery.

Coexisting in a sea of competition
Diversity of life abounds on Earth, and there's no need to look any farther than the ocean's surface for proof.

Report says schools still shortchanging gifted kids
Far too many high-ability children are still languishing in American classrooms, bored and unchallenged.

New strategy can help determine heart attack in patients within 1 hour
A new strategy to rule-out and rule-in heart attacks in emergency departments will help physicians treat patients faster, found a clinical trial published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

NIST tightens the bounds on the quantum information 'speed limit'
Physicists at NIST have narrowed the theoretical limits for where the 'speed limit' lies for quantum computers.

Study finds testicular cancer link for muscle-building supplements
A new study associates taking muscle-building supplements with an increased risk of testicular cancer.

Is the length of work careers determined in utero?
Low weight at birth increased the risk of disability pension among men, reveals a new Finnish study published in the PLOS ONE.
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