Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 16, 2015
Patient's own fat cells transplanted to treat osteoarthritis may be effective
Studying the effectiveness of using osteoarthritis patients' own adipose cells for transplant therapy aimed at reducing OA symptoms, researchers recruited 1,114 OA patients who received autologous fat cell transplants.

New genomics tool could help predict tumor aggressiveness, treatment outcomes
A new method for measuring genetic variability within a tumor might one day help doctors identify patients with aggressive cancers that are more likely to resist therapy, according to a study led by researchers now at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G.

Teaching children in schools about sexual abuse may help them report abuse
Children who are taught about preventing sexual abuse at school are more likely than others to tell an adult if they had, or were actually experiencing sexual abuse.

Obesity significantly increases prostate cancer risk in African-American men, study finds
Obesity in black men substantially increases the risk of low- and high-grade prostate cancer, while obesity in white men moderately reduces the risk of low-grade cancer and only slightly increases the risk of high-grade cancer, according to the first large, prospective study to examine how race and obesity jointly affect prostate cancer risk.

Revised guidelines on reducing risk, treatment options for thromboembolic disease in pregnancy
Advice on preventing and treating venous thromboembolism during pregnancy, birth and following delivery is outlined in two new revised guidelines published today by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and launched at the RCOG World Congress in Brisbane, Australia.

How ancient species survived or died off in their old Kentucky home
Researchers at an old geological site talk 'dirt' about how Ice Age climate change led to the extinction of mammoths and mastodons, but to the evolution and survival of bison, deer and other present-day species.

discovery changes how scientists examine rarest elements of periodic table
A little-known element called californium is making big waves in how scientists look at the periodic table.

Family history increases the risk of cardiac arrest in patients on dialysis
Among dialysis patients, genetically related family members have about a 70 percent increased risk of cardiac arrest compared with unrelated dialysis patients.

Renowned cancer immunologist James Allison recognized with Pezcoller-AACR International Award
The 2015 Pezcoller Foundation-American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) International Award for Cancer Research will be presented to James P.

An electronic micropump to deliver treatments deep within the brain
For a condition such as epilepsy, it is essential to act at exactly the right time and place in the brain.

SwRI-led team studies meteorites from asteroids to date moon-forming impact
A NASA-funded research team led by Dr. Bill Bottke of Southwest Research Institute independently estimated the moon's age as slightly less than 4.5 billion years by analyzing impact-heated shock signatures found in stony meteorites originating from the Main Asteroid Belt.

Keep moving, studies advise cancer survivors
Three or more hours of walking per week can boost the vitality and health of prostate cancer survivors.

Red Journal's May issue focuses on the vital role of RT in modern lymphoma treatment
The 'Radiation and the Modern Management of Lymphoma' issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics, the official scientific journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology, is focused on the integral role of radiation therapy in current lymphoma treatment.

New transitional stem cells discovered
Researchers from the University of Missouri, in an effort to grow placenta cells to better study the causes of pre-eclampsia, serendipitously discovered a previously unknown form of human embryonic stem cell.

New assay helps determine lymphoma subtypes simply, quickly, and inexpensively
To differentiate the two major subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which differ in management and outcomes, researchers describe use of the reverse transcriptase-multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (RT-MLPA) assay.

Subsidies key in improving sanitation, new study finds
For years, governments and major development institutions have vigorously debated how to address poor sanitation in developing countries, which causes 280,000 deaths per year worldwide.

Study finds that maize roots have evolved to be more nitrogen efficient
Selective breeding of maize over the last century to create hybrids with desirable shoot characteristics and increased yield may have contributed indirectly to the evolution of root systems that are more efficient in acquiring nutrients, such as nitrogen, from the soil, according to researchers.

Detector at the South Pole explores the mysterious neutrinos
Neutrinos are a type of particle that pass through just about everything in their path from even the most distant regions of the universe.

Cardiorespiratory fitness reduces disease risk among smokers
Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with reduced metabolic syndrome risk among smokers, according to researchers from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health.

Smokers who use e-cigarettes less likely to quit
The increase in use of e-cigarettes has led to heated debates between opponents who question the safety of these devices and proponents who claim the battery-operated products are a useful cessation tool.

Housework keeps older adults more physically and emotionally fit, CWRU researcher finds
Older adults who keep a clean and orderly home -- because of the exercise it takes to get the job done -- tend to feel emotionally and physically better after tackling house chores, according to new findings by a Case Western Reserve University school of nursing researcher.

UCI MIND redesignated as Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
UC Irvine's Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders has received a five-year, $11 million grant from the National Institute on Aging to renew its status as one of only 27 Alzheimer's Disease Research Centers in the nation -- and the only one in Orange County.

Research finds no correlation between regulatory T cells and survival in glioblastoma
Using a novel methodology of epigenetic quantitative analysis, Dartmouth investigators found no correlation between regulatory T cells (Tregs) and survival in the tumor microenvironment or blood, even when adjusting for well-known prognostic factors.

Expanding rubber plantations 'catastrophic' for endangered species in Southeast Asia
Demand for natural rubber fueled by the tyre industry is threatening protected parts of Southeast Asia -- according to University of East Anglia research.

Fighting the next generation of cyberattacks
Computer scientists at the University of Utah are developing software to detect so-called algorithmic attacks, an emerging hacking threat that is nearly impossible to find with existing security technology.

CMS approves new quality reporting measures for physician anesthesiologists
Physician anesthesiologists can now choose from 36 reporting measures when participating in the ASA QCDR, the American Society of Anesthesiologists Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR).

First steps in basic biological process that could be harnessed to make therapeutic cells
Understanding the molecular signals that guide early cells in the embryo to develop into different types of organs provides insight into how tissues regenerate and repair themselves.

Video: Octopuses have unique way to control their 'odd' forms
The body plan of octopuses is nothing if not unique, with a sophisticated brain in a soft, bilaterally symmetrical body, encircled by eight radially symmetrical and incredibly flexible arms.

Local physician recommends World Health Organization retire the term opioid substitution therapy
A Boston researcher and physician caring for individuals with substance abuse disorders, believes the term opioid substitution therapy has unintended adverse consequences for patients receiving treatment for addiction.

Ophthalmologists uncover autoimmune process that causes rejection of secondary corneal transplants
UT Southwestern Medical Center ophthalmologists have identified an important cause of why secondary corneal transplants are rejected at triple the rate of first-time corneal transplants.

A sniff of happiness: Chemicals in sweat may convey positive emotion
Humans may be able to communicate positive emotions like happiness through the smell of our sweat, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Epilepsy drug may preserve eyesight for people with MS
A drug commonly taken to prevent seizures in epilepsy may surprisingly protect the eyesight of people with multiple sclerosis, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 67th Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., April 18-25, 2015.

Giant galaxies die from the inside out
Astronomers have shown for the first time how star formation in 'dead' galaxies sputtered out billions of years ago.

Increasing evidence points to inflammation as source of nervous system manifestations of Lyme disease
About 15 percent of patients with Lyme disease develop peripheral and central nervous system involvement, often accompanied by debilitating and painful symptoms.

Men donate competitively on women's fundraising webpages
Men give more money through fundraising websites after seeing that other men have donated large amounts and when the fundraiser is an attractive woman, according to new UCL and University of Bristol research.

Zinc deficiency linked to activation of Hedgehog signaling pathway
Zinc deficiency -- long associated with numerous diseases, e.g., autism, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancers -- can lead to activation of the Hedgehog signaling pathway, a biomolecular pathway that plays essential roles in developing organisms and in diseases, according to new research at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Flourishing faster: How to make trees grow bigger and quicker
Scientists at The University of Manchester have discovered a way to make trees grow bigger and faster, which could increase supplies of renewable resources and help trees cope with the effects of climate change.

Engineer improves rechargeable batteries with MoS2 nano 'sandwich'
The key to better cell phones and other rechargeable electronics may be in tiny 'sandwiches' made of nanosheets, according to mechanical engineering research from Kansas State University.

A novel mechanism involved in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Researchers at the Angiocardioneurology Department of the Neuromed Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalisation and Health Care of Pozzilli, have found, in animal models, that the absence of a certain enzyme causes a syndrome resembling the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The phthalate DEHP undermines female fertility in mice
Two studies in mice add to the evidence that the phthalate DEHP, a plasticizing agent used in auto upholstery, baby toys, building materials and many other consumer products, can undermine female reproductive health, in part by disrupting the growth and function of the ovaries.

New research agenda provides roadmap to improve care for hospitalized older adults
Older adults with complex medical needs are occupying an increasing number of beds in acute care hospitals, and these patients are commonly cared for by hospitalists with limited formal geriatrics training.

Research identifies barriers in tracking meals and what foodies want
Eating healthy is sometimes a challenge on its own, so technology should ease that burden -- not increase it -- according to new research from the Georgia Institute of Technology and University of Washington.

SLU researchers show that A3 adenosine receptor can activate 'off signals' for pain
Pain is the most common reason that people seek medical attention, but the available treatments are not always successful at relieving pain in patients with chronic pain.

Scientists use brain stimulation to boost creativity, set stage to treat depression
A UNC School of Medicine study has provided the first direct evidence that a low dose of electric current can enhance a specific brain pattern to boost creativity by an average of 7.4 percent in healthy adults, according to a common, well-validated test of creativity.

A scientific look at the art of teacher talk
Specific ways teachers talk to their students had a direct impact on literacy skill building in a study of elementary school students, Boston College Associate Professor of Education Patrick Proctor and colleagues report today at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association.

How do we hear time within sound?
How does our auditory system represent time within a sound?

Breath taking
A handful of neurons in the vagus nerve control breathing in a fine-tuned but powerful way, scientists have discovered in mice.

Dating the moon-forming impact event with meteorites
Through a combination of data analysis and numerical modeling work, researchers have found a record of the ancient moon-forming giant impact observable in stony meteorites.

9/11 leaves legacy of chronic ill health among emergency medical services workers
The 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City in 2001 have left a legacy of chronic ill health among emergency medical services workers who came to the rescue of the victims, reveals research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Systems-wide genetic study of blood pressure regulation in the Framingham Heart Study
A genetic investigation of individuals in the Framingham Heart Study may prove useful to identify novel targets for the prevention or treatment of high blood pressure.

EARTH: Fire-driven clouds and swirling winds whipped up record-setting New Mexico blaze
The massive 2011 Las Conchas Fire near Los Alamos, N.M., defied conventional fire science wisdom by racing downhill instead of uphill, and increasing intensity overnight.

The Lancet Neurology: Autism Series media alert
The Lancet Neurology journal is pleased to announce that the following papers will be published as part of a Series on autism spectrum disorder, ahead of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology.

MD Anderson researcher James Allison, Ph.D., receives Pezcoller Award
Cancer scientist James Allison, Ph.D., internationally known for his role in developing a new class of cancer immunotherapies, has been named a recipient of the 2015 Pezcoller Foundation-American Association for Cancer Research International Award for Cancer Research.

UC Press's open-access journal, Collabra, opens for submissions
UC Press's OA journal, Collabra, has opened for submissions. Collabra is currently accepting submissions in three core fields of study: life and biomedical sciences, ecology and environmental science, and social and behavioral sciences.

New method helps establish South-Asian perceptions of dementia
Dementia care for South-Asian people could be improved after researchers from the University of Manchester adapted a commonly used tool for judging perceptions of the disease.

More individuals discussing end-of-life wishes with loved ones
Discussing end-of-life wishes with loved ones can be difficult, but new research from the University of Missouri shows more individuals are engaging in advance care planning.

Major advance in artificial photosynthesis poses win/win for the environment
By combining biocompatible light-capturing nanowire arrays with select bacterial populations, a potentially game-changing new artificial photosynthesis system offers a win/win situation for the environment: solar-powered green chemistry using sequestered carbon dioxide.

Faculty in doctoral programs more responsive to white male prospective students, research finds
Faced with requests to meet with potential doctoral students of easily identifiable gender, race or ethnicity, faculty in almost every academic discipline are significantly more responsive to white males than to women and minorities, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Cell type responsible for scarring, skin-cancer growth identified by Stanford scientists
A skin cell responsible for scarring, and a molecule that inhibits the cell's activity, have been identified by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

'Plaque Bank' launches a new model for noninvasive disease prediction, treatment
By analyzing DNA biomarkers in bacteria found in plaque, the researchers behind University of Toronto's newly launched Plaque Bank hope to create a new model for rapid, noninvasive disease prediction, identification and personalized treatment.

Virtual reality may be effective tool for evaluating balance control in glaucoma patients
Falls are the leading cause of injury-related death and morbidity in older adults, especially those with a chronic eye disease such as glaucoma.

Dr. Donald Coffey honored with 2015 AACR Margaret Foti Award
Donald S. Coffey, Ph.D., will be honored with the ninth annual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Margaret Foti Award for Leadership and Extraordinary Achievements in Cancer Research at the AACR Annual Meeting 2015, to be held in Philadelphia, April 18-22.

Encountering a wall corrects 'GPS' in mouse brains, Stanford study finds
By analyzing the activity of 'GPS' neurons in mice, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered that the mental maps created by these cells accumulate errors, which are corrected when the animal encounters a wall.

Study finds major vascular anomalies in the brains of people with Huntington's disease
An international study led by researchers from Université Laval and CHU de Québec has identified significant vascular changes in the brains of people with Huntington's disease.

Professional golfers live a lonely life in the midst of rivalries on a meager income
Many professional golfers live a lonely isolated life in the midst of intense rivalries and on a meager income, new research shows.

Watch where you're going -- new study reveals how people avoid bumping into each other
The NIH-supported study holds applications for areas including autism, schizophrenia, robotic research and sport rehabilitation.

The mechanics of life
Researchers are poised to find out how the tiny mechanical forces cells exert influence their differentiation.

The CNIO links telomeres to the origins of liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis
Researchers generated a mouse with dysfunctional telomeres in the liver; as a result, it developed cellular alterations present in human diseases such as hepatitis or cirrhosis.

Novel online bioinformatics tool significantly reduces time of multiple genome analysis
A UK research collaboration developed a new bioinformatics pipeline that enables automated primer design for multiple genome species, significantly reducing turnaround time.

Playing a wind instrument could help lower the risk of sleep apnea
A new study has found that wind instrument players have a reduced risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea.

Novel neurodegenerative disease and gene identified with the help of man's best friend
A breakthrough study performed in collaboration with Professor Tosso Leeb from the University of Bern and Professor Hannes Lohi from the University of Helsinki together with the veterinary neurologists and neuropathologists has identified a gene mutation that causes a novel type of neurodegenerative disease in dogs.

New tool to connect geoscience information to decision makers
The Critical Issues Research Database seeks to connect end-users to the wealth of information available on issues at the intersection of geoscience and society such as the occurrence of natural resources, hazard mitigation and pollution risks.

A new online resource on the Asian longhorned beetle
A new, open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management provides a comprehensive overview of the Asian longhorned beetle, including a review of its biology, life stages, distribution, ecology, and methods of detecting and controlling it.

Inducing labor at full term not associated with higher C-section rates
There has been debate in the field about whether non-medically required induction of labor leads to a greater likelihood of C-section.

More analysis from the women's health initiative on hormones, breast cancer
Analysis of the longer-term influence of menopausal hormone therapy on breast cancer incidence in two Women's Health Initiative clinical trials suggests a pattern of changing influences over time on breast cancer, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Genetics overlap found between Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular risk factors
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have found genetic overlap between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and two significant cardiovascular disease risk factors: high levels of inflammatory C-reactive protein and plasma lipids or fats.

New approach to muscle regeneration restores function after traumatic injury without need for donor tissue
Loss of muscle volume is a common and often debilitating outcome of traumatic orthopedic injury, resulting in muscle weakness and suboptimal limb function.

Model offers more ease, precision for managing invasive Asian carp
The likelihood of Asian carp eggs being kept in suspension and hatching in the St.

Thumbnail track pad
Researchers at the MIT Media Lab are developing a new wearable device that turns the user's thumbnail into a miniature wireless track pad.

ORNL researchers contribute to major UN bioenergy and sustainability report
A major United Nations report on bioenergy and sustainability released Tuesday concludes the sustainable production of bioenergy can be an important tool for addressing climate change.

Facebook users' wishful thinking: Cyberbullying, depression won't happen to me
Facebook users with so-called optimistic bias think they're less likely than other users to experience cyberbullying, depression and other negative social and psychological effects from using the site, a Dartmouth-Cornell study finds.

Fish type, body size can help predict nutrient recycling rates
The nutrients excreted by fish in their 'pee' may be critical to the health of coastal ecosystems.

Adverse childhood events appear to increase the risk of being a hypertensive adult
Children who experience multiple traumatic events, from emotional and sexual abuse to neglect, have higher blood pressures as young adults than their peers, researchers report.

Diversity is key to stability, grassland study finds
A new University of Minnesota study led by Marie Curie Fellow Yann Hautier looked at 28 years' worth of data on plant growth, number of species, ecosystem stability and exposure to changes in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, fire, grazing and water collected from experimental grassland plots at Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve.

Today is [Insert Health Issue Here] Awareness Day -- is that making us healthier?
'We contend that the health awareness day has not been held to an appropriate level of scrutiny given the scale at which it has been embraced,' write Jonathan Purtle, Dr.P.H., and Leah Roman, M.P.H., in a peer-reviewed commentary published online ahead of print today in the American Journal of Public Health.

Nanotubes with 2 walls have singular qualities
Double-walled carbon nanotubes have unique electronic properties that may someday be tuned for semiconducting applications or for strong, highly conductive nanotube fibers, according to researchers at Rice University.

Keck Medicine of USC-led study finds genetic predisposition for noise-induced hearing loss
In a new genome-wide association study, an international team led by Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California neuroscientists has found evidence that some people may be more genetically susceptible to noise-induced hearing loss than others.

Socioeconomic factors affect odds of death after a lung cancer operation
People with limited education and low income have higher odds of death within 30 days after undergoing an operation for lung cancer than those who are more educated and financially better off, according to new research published as an article in press on the website of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons in advance of print publication later this year.

Could maple syrup help cut use of antibiotics?
A concentrated extract of maple syrup makes disease-causing bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, according to laboratory experiments by researchers at McGill University.

Study reveals possible new avenues for breast cancer therapy
An exhaustive analysis has been conducted of more than 12,000 distinct proteins present in an often aggressive and difficult to treat form of breast cancer, called triple-negative breast cancer.

UCLA demographer produces best estimate yet of Cambodia's death toll under Pol Pot
The death toll in Cambodia under Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot was most likely between 1.2 million and 2.8 million -- or between 13 percent and 30 percent of the country's population at the time -- according to a forthcoming article by a UCLA demographer.

A new mouse model for the study of neurofibromatosis
The research group of the neurofibromatosis of the Catalan Institute of Oncology, the Institute of Biomedical Research of Bellvitge and the Institute of Medicicina Predictive and Personalized Cancer has developed new mouse models for the study of principal malignant tumor associated with neurofibromatosis type 1.

Western lifestyle may limit the diversity of bacteria in the gut
Recent studies consistently show that a modern lifestyle depletes the gut's collection of microbes, but how lifestyle affects the diversity of this gut 'microbiome' is unclear.

After prostate cancer, start walking
Walking at an easy pace for about three hours every week may be just enough physical activity to help prostate cancer survivors reduce damaging side effects of their treatment, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Repeated marine predator evolution tracks changes in ancient and Anthropocene oceans
A team of Smithsonian scientists synthesized decades of scientific discoveries to illuminate the common and unique patterns driving the extraordinary transitions that whales, dolphins, seals and other species underwent as they moved from land to sea.

Mapping language in the brain
'By studying language in people with aphasia, we can try to accomplish two goals at once: we can improve our clinical understanding of aphasia and get new insights into how language is organized in the mind and brain,' said Daniel Mirman, Ph.D., an assistant professor in Drexel University's College of Arts and Sciences who was lead author of the study published today in Nature Communications.

Obesity associated with prostate cancer risk in African-American men
Obesity was associated with an increased risk for prostate cancer in African-American men and that risk grew by nearly four times as body mass index increased, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

With biosimilar drug development on the rise, researchers explore efficacy
The article focuses on the first biosimilar monoclonal antibody to be approved in Europe, and appears in the current edition of Immunotherapy, an online, peer-reviewed title from the Future Medicine imprint of Future Science Group.

Major new research study to demonstrate value of PET scans in Alzheimer's disease diagnosis
A new four-year research study, with an estimated budget of $100 million, was announced today by the Alzheimer's Association and the American College of Radiology.

New review recognizes the importance of counselling in those affected by infertility
The psychological impact and private agony of infertility must be carefully considered by healthcare professionals, suggests a new review, published Friday, April 10, in The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist.

For men, online generosity is a competition
If you are looking to raise money online for your favorite cause, listen up.

Study: Breastfeeding may prevent postpartum smoking relapse
While a large number of women quit or reduce smoking upon pregnancy recognition, many resume smoking postpartum.

GPM sees wind shear affecting remnants of Extra-tropical Cyclone Joalane
The GPM satellite showed the effects of wind shear and waning rainfall rates in Extra-tropical Cyclone Joalane as it was moving in a southeasterly direction through the Southern Indian Ocean.

Victorian baby teeth could help predict future health of children today
Baby teeth from children who died during the 1845-52 Irish famine could help us predict the future health of children born today, according to new research.

Survey shows half of older adults in US now taking aspirin
A national survey suggests that slightly more than half of the older adults in the United States are now taking a daily dose of aspirin, even though its use is not recommended by the Food and Drug Administration for most people who have not yet had a heart attack or stroke.

Greenland darkening to continue, predicts CCNY expert Marco Tedesco
Darkening of the Greenland Ice Sheet is projected to continue as a consequence of continued climate warming, Dr.

Novel plasma diagnostics method
Could the mundane action of switching on an energy saving light bulb still hold secrets?

160 people die of rabies every day, says major new study
A global study on canine rabies, published April 16, 2015, has found that 160 people die every single day from the disease.

Death of giant galaxies spreads from the core
Astronomers have shown for the first time how star formation in 'dead' galaxies sputtered out billions of years ago.

Poll: Mass. police chiefs favor discretion in issuing concealed gun permits
Who decides who can carry concealed firearms legally? Should local police chiefs have a say?

The connection between mouth bacteria and inflammation in heart disease
Oral infections are the most common diseases of mankind and are also a key risk factor for heart disease, which is the leading cause of death worldwide.

ALMA reveals intense magnetic field close to supermassive black hole
The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has revealed an extremely powerful magnetic field, beyond anything previously detected in the core of a galaxy, very close to the event horizon of a supermassive black hole.

Molecular spies sabotage a protein's activities in specific cellular compartments
Cell biologists at Johns Hopkins designed several molecular tools that allowed them to watch, measure and manipulate the activity of the enzyme AMPK in individual compartments within the cell.

Bacterial 'memory' targets invading viruses
Humans are not the only organisms contending with autoimmune 'friendly fire' -- even single-celled bacteria attack their own DNA.

Michael Douglas Gordon is the 2015 CAN Young Investigator awardee
The Canadian Association for Neuroscience announces that Michael Gordon, from the University of British Columbia, will receive the 2015 CAN Young Investigator Award.

Scientists discover protein that boosts immunity to viruses and cancer
Scientists have discovered a protein that plays a central role in promoting immunity to viruses and cancer, opening the door to new therapies.

Research grants awarded to projects targeting pancreatic cancer, one of nation's deadliest
The American Association for Cancer Research and the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network will award 10 grants through their joint 2015 Research Grants Program to outstanding scientists throughout the country, supporting their novel research in the field of pancreatic cancer.

Angiogenesis inhibitors undermined by immune cells, says study
Angiogenesis inhibitors -- a widely used class of cancer drugs designed to shrink tumors by preventing them from forming new blood vessels -- often work in the short term, but usually become ineffective within months.

Rare monkey photographed in Congo's newest national park, Ntokou-Pikounda
Two primatologists working in the forests of the Republic of Congo have returned from the field with a noteworthy prize: the first-ever photograph of the Bouvier's red colobus monkey, a rare primate not seen for more than half a century and suspected to be extinct by some, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Astronomers reveal supermassive black hole's intense magnetic field
Astronomers from Chalmers University of Technology have used the giant telescope Alma to reveal an extremely powerful magnetic field very close to a supermassive black hole in a distant galaxy.

OU engineering professors among nation's best 'Young Investigators'
Two University of Oklahoma College of Engineering professors in the Advanced Radar Research Center are recipients of the prestigious Young Investigator award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Sugar-sweetened beverages suppress the body's stress response
Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages can suppress the hormone cortisol and stress responses in the brain, but diet beverages sweetened with aspartame do not have the same effect, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Rainforest protection akin to speed limit control
The destruction of the Brazilian rainforest has slowed significantly. With around 5,000 square kilometers annually, the loss is now about 80 percent lower than in 2004.

Research & education technology leaders to convene in DC for Internet2 Global Summit
The Global Summit is Internet2's annual meeting that showcases how the research and education community is transforming science and scholarship.

Osteoporosis diagnosis contributes to hearing loss risk
People who have osteoporosis face a 1.76-fold higher risk of developing sudden deafness than those who do not have the bone disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Cancer-related PTS linked to very limited cognitive impairment among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients
Cancer-related post-traumatic stress is associated with very limited cognitive impairment before treatment among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients, according to a new study published April 16 in the JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Important study of how climate affects biodiversity
How does climate change affect the occurrence and distribution of species?

UT Arlington center to build underground freight system with TxDOT funding
The University of Texas at Arlington has received a $1.2 million competitive research grant from the Texas Department of Transportation to investigate building underground freight transportation in certain urban environments with heavy truck traffic.
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