Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 20, 2015
Statins show promise as a prevention tool for adults 75 and older, OSU study shows
Statins could be a cost-effective tool for preventing heart attacks and other cardiovascular incidents in adults over age 75, but the benefits would need to be weighed against potential side effects, a study being published this week in the Annals of Internal Medicine has found.

Better battery imaging paves way for renewable energy future
In a move that could improve the energy storage of everything from portable electronics to electric microgrids, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers have developed a novel X-ray imaging technique to visualize and study the electrochemical reactions in lithium-ion rechargeable batteries containing a new type of material, iron fluoride.

Dietary supplements shown to increase cancer risk
While dietary supplements may be advertised to promote health, a forum at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2015 by University of Colorado Cancer Center investigator Tim Byers, M.D., M.P.H., describes research showing that over-the-counter supplements may actually increase cancer risk if taken in excess of the recommended dietary amount.

Oldest fossils controversy resolved
New analysis of world-famous 3.46-billion-year-old rocks by researchers from the University of Bristol, the University of Oxford and the University of Western Australia is set to finally resolve a long running evolutionary controversy.

Obesity intervention program results in some improvement of kids' BMI
Children whose families and pediatricians were most faithful to an obesity intervention program that included computerized clinical decision support for physicians and health coaching for families experienced the greatest improvements in body mass index (BMI), according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Cancer gene unintentionally ends the life of cancer cells, turns off life supporting genes
A new study from the University of Wurzburg, Germany, and the University of Helsinki, Finland, suggests that Myc cancer gene makes cells to commit suicide by repressing life supporting 'well-being' genes.

New clues to treat juvenile diabetes
Could the answer to diabetes lie in re-growing cells that make insulin?

BGI launches new cloud computing platform for genomic data analysis
BGI announces the launch of a powerful and highly secure cloud computing platform for genomic data analysis, known as BGI Online.

9th IBRO World Congress: The most promising data from neuroscience research
The 9th IBRO World Congress on Neuroscience will take place for the first time in a Latin American country, Brazil.

Two different carotid artery stenting procedures show little difference in effectiveness
Use of either proximal embolic protection devices (P-EPDs) or distal filter embolic protection devices (F-EPDs) during elective carotid artery stenting results in low rates of in-hospital stroke and death, according to a new study.

Dutch doctors withhold/withdraw treatment in many elderly patients
Dutch doctors withhold/withdraw treatment in a substantial proportion of elderly patients, reveals research published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Big butts aren't everything to male baboons
While the female baboon's big red bottom may be an eyesore to some, it has an aphrodisiac effect on her mates.

Reduction in opioid prescribing, overdoses associated with pharma industry changes
Results of a new study led by Boston Medical Center researchers, in collaboration with Harvard Medical School, indicate that the introduction of abuse-deterrent OxyContin, coupled with the removal of propoxyphene from the US prescription marketplace, may have played a role in decreasing opioid prescribing and overdoses.

Iowa State, Ames Lab scientists describe protein pumps that allow bacteria to resist drugs
Research teams led by Edward Yu of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory have described the structure of two closely related protein pumps that allow bacteria to resist certain medications.

UT Arlington electrical engineer developing ultraviolet laser to detect weapons' agents
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineering researcher is using a federal grant to build a small laser for detection systems to do a more efficient job at spotting chemical and biological agents used for weapons.

South-Asian women more likely to be diagnosed with later stage breast cancer: Study
South-Asian women are more likely to be diagnosed with later stage breast cancer compared to the general population, while Chinese women are more likely to be diagnosed with early stage cancer, according to a new study by Women's College Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

PTSD common in ICU survivors
In a recent Johns Hopkins study, researchers found that nearly one-quarter of ICU survivors suffer from PTSD.

Belly fat chatter may be what's raising your blood pressure
Michigan State University researchers, who were the first to suggest that high blood pressure could be caused by belly fat hormones 'talking' with blood vessels in the abdomen, have received a nearly $7 million National Institutes of Health grant to further their work.

Decreased red blood cell clearance predicts development and worsening of serious diseases
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have found the probable mechanism underlying a previously described biomarker associated with the risk of developing serious diseases ranging from cancer to cardiovascular disease and the risk of serious complications.

Two recent Notre Dame papers shed light on how breast cancer cells avoid death
Two new papers from the lab of Zach Schafer, Coleman Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology at the University of Notre Dame, offer insights into how breast cancer cells avoid anoikis, which is cell death induced by detachment from the extracellular matrix.

Science of learning can help parents, developers grade educational apps
New apps developed for children come online every day and many of them are marketed or labeled as 'educational' -- but how can we tell which of these thousands of apps will actually help children learn?

Fake malaria drugs not as common as previously reported
A rigorous analysis of antimalarial drug quality conducted in Cambodia and Tanzania found no evidence of fake medicines, according to new research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

ACP: Ban flavoring and advertising for e-cigarettes; more news
A new position paper from the American College of Physicians (ACP) offers strong recommendations for regulating electronic nicotine delivery systems, including banning characterizing flavors and television advertising.

Computational fluid dynamics in coronary plaques predict coronary artery disease
A computational fluid dynamics simulation based on 3-D luminal reconstructions of the coronary artery tree can be used to analyze local flow fields and flow profiling resulting from changes in coronary artery geometry.

Happily ever after: Scientists arrange protein-nanoparticle marriage
University at Buffalo researchers have discovered a way to easily and effectively fasten proteins to nanoparticles -- essentially an arranged marriage -- by simply mixing them together.

NFCR-supported scientists discover key factor in brain cancer resistance
Researchers at the NFCR Center for Cancer System Informatics at MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered a key factor that may explain drug resistance in glioblastoma, the most common and deadliest form of brain cancer.

A cold cosmic mystery solved
A very large cold spot that has been a mystery for over a decade can now be explained.

Middle-aged congenital heart disease survivors may need special care
For the first time, the American Heart Association has made recommendations for treating people older than 40 with congenital heart disease.

Moon Shots Program researchers to contribute to new Stand Up to Cancer Dream Teams
Researchers addressing KRAS-mutated lung cancer and ovarian cancer prevention through The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Moon Shots Program will help on new SU2C Dream Teams.

Overnight fasting may reduce breast cancer risk in women
A decrease in the amount of time spent eating and an increase in overnight fasting reduces glucose levels and may reduce the risk of breast cancer among women, report University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Detecting lung cancer at an early stage
A new diagnostic method, namely spectral histopathology, facilitates marker-free detection of individual subtypes of lung cancers.

Decreasing biodiversity affects productivity of remaining plants
When plant biodiversity declines, the remaining plants face diminishing productivity, say scientists in study published April 20 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Cutting-edge research in children's health to be presented at pediatric meeting
Research on electronic cigarettes, teen texting and driving, bullying, mobile device use, health care of immigrant children and other pediatric topics will be presented April 25-28 at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting at the San Diego Convention Center.

Advances in molecular electronics: Lights on -- molecule on
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and the University of Konstanz are working on storing and processing information on the level of single molecules to create the smallest possible components that will combine autonomously to form a circuit.

New quality improvement system significantly reduces CT misadministration
A protocol developed by radiologists at the Santa Clara Valley Medical Center reduced CT misadministration at the Santa Clara Valley Medical Center from 18 instances in 60,999 studies to zero in 36,608 in just 10 months.

Improved exercise programs being developed to slow dysferlin-linked muscular dystrophies
The Wayne State University Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences today announced that Joseph Roche, assistant professor for the physical therapy program in the Department of Health Care Sciences, received a one-year, $100,000 grant from the Jain Foundation for 'Developing a Multi-Pronged Strategy for the Clinical Management of Dysferlinopathies,' a project that seeks to develop better exercise programs for people with dysferlinopathies, or dysferlin-linked muscular dystrophies.

New breast cancer screening analysis confirms biennial interval optimal for average risk women
Results from a second comprehensive analysis of mammography screening, this time using data from digital mammography, confirms findings from a 2009 analysis of film mammography: biennial (every two years) screening offers a favorable balance of benefits to harm for women ages 50 to 74 who have an average risk of developing breast cancer.

Adjuvant Ipilimumab effects survival after high risk lymph node and melanoma resection
Results of an EORTC trial appearing in The Lancet Oncology show that adjuvant Ipilimumab significantly improves recurrence-free survival in patients with completely resected stage III melanoma at high risk of disease recurrence, but that this treatment was also associated with a high rate of immune-related adverse events.

MD Anderson study seeks earlier ovarian cancer detection
Successful ovarian cancer treatment often relies on catching it early.

Parent satisfaction with clinical trial on treating aggressive behavioral disorders
A new study of families participating in a clinical trial to treat children with severe physical aggression explored the factors affecting parent satisfaction with the research study.

Quantum model reveals surface structure of water
The National Physical Laboratory, IBM and Edinburgh University have used a new quantum model to reveal the molecular structure of water's liquid surface.

Study compares outcomes of 2 devices used in carotid artery stenting
A study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions showed that in-hospital and 30-day stroke or death rates were equally low when using either a distal filter EPD or a proximal EPD to protect patients from blood clots during carotid artery stenting, but a small sample size for one device raises questions on the study's ability to detect potentially meaningful differences in outcomes.

The 3rd International Symposium on Transformative Bio-Molecules (ISTbM-3)
The Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM) at Nagoya University, Japan, will be holding the 3rd International Symposium on Transformative Bio-Molecules (ISTbM-3) on May 25-26, 2015.

A common nerve protein elevated in aggressive neuroblastomas
A protein produced by nerve cells appears to be elevated in the blood of those with an aggressive form of neuroblastoma.

Is there such a thing as 'pure' autism?
The search for genes that contribute to the risk for autism has made tremendous strides over the past three years.

New Stand Up To Cancer-OCRF-OCNA-NOCC Ovarian Cancer Dream Team announced
The Stand Up To Cancer, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund, Ovarian Cancer National Alliance, and National Ovarian Cancer Coalition $6 milion Ovarian Cancer Dream Team will focus on DNA repair pathways and therapies for ovarian cancer, seeking to expand on the recent clinical advances seen with PARP inhibitors.

Advanced techniques improve success rate of IVC filter removal to more than 98 percent
The design of inferior vena cava filters for pulmonary embolism prophylaxis, once used almost exclusively for permanent implantation, has progressed to retrievable designs.

Cancer diagnosis leads to higher quit rates among smokers
The largest study of its kind to date finds smokers diagnosed with cancer were more likely to quit than other smokers.

A bad buzz: Men with HIV need fewer drinks to feel effects
Researchers at Yale and the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System compared the number of drinks that men with HIV infection, versus those without it, needed to get a buzz.

A better grasp of primate grip
Scientists are coming to grips with the superior grasping ability of humans and other primates throughout history.

Pulsing light may indicate supermassive black hole merger
As two galaxies enter the final stages of merging, scientists have theorized that the galaxies' supermassive black holes will form a 'binary,' or two black holes in such close orbit they are gravitationally bound to one another.

New signaling pathway discovered in HER2-positive breast cancer, and 2 powerful drug targets
A team at CSHL has published results of experiments that lay bare a previously unknown pathway activated in a highly lethal form of breast cancer.

Astronomers probe inner region of young star and its planets
Taking advantage of the unprecedented sensitivity of the Large Binocular Telescope in southeastern Arizona, an international team of astronomers has obtained the first results from the LEECH exoplanets survey.

Living life in the third person
Imagine living a healthy, normal life without the ability to re-experience in your mind personal events from your past.

Pancreatic cancer breakthrough: Scientists turn cancer cells into normal cells
Scientists find a novel avenue for therapeutic intervention of the 'silent cancer.'

Necessity at the roots of innovation: The scramble for nutrients intensifies as soils age
Working among venomous snakes in Australia's Jurien Dunes, researchers ask how biodiverse plants survive in some of the world's worst soils.

Study: Soil nutrients may limit ability of plants to slow climate change
Many scientists assume that the growing level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will accelerate plant growth.

Extending natalizumab up to 8 weeks shown safe and effective in patients with MS
Extending the dose of natalizumab from four weeks up to eight weeks was shown to be well-tolerated and effective in patients, and resulted in no cases of the potentially fatal side effect progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.

New study unravels why common blood pressure medicine can fail
Every year, more than 120 million prescriptions are written worldwide for thiazide drugs, a group of salt-lowering medicines used to treat high blood pressure.

Study shows new technology may improve management of leading causes of blindness
Research published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrates that technology invented by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute can improve the clinical management of the leading causes of blindness.

New research gives clues as to why older people get more tendon injuries
New research into how tendons age has found that the material between tendon fiber bundles stiffens as it gets older and that this is responsible for older people being more susceptible to tendon injuries.

MD Anderson study points to potential new lung cancer therapy
New findings about regulation of PD-L1, a protein that allows cancer to evade the immune system, has shown therapeutic promise for several cancers, including the most common form of lung cancer.

Electron transfer challenges a common fluorescence technique
Using advanced technology unique to EPFL, scientists have uncovered evidence that challenges one of the most widespread techniques in biology.

Household pets can transmit infections to people
Household pets can transmit infection to people, especially those with weak immune systems, young children, pregnant women and seniors, according to an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Drugs that activate brain stem cells may reverse multiple sclerosis
Two drugs already on the market -- an antifungal and a steroid -- may potentially take on new roles as treatments for multiple sclerosis.

Addressing the needs of young women with disorders of sex development
Disorders of sex development are lifelong conditions that are usually diagnosed at birth or during adolescence.

DNA abnormalities found in children with chronic kidney disease
A significant proportion of children with chronic kidney disease have unsuspected chromosomal imbalances, including DNA anomalies that have been linked to neurocognitive disorders, according to a new Columbia University Medical Center study.

Thin-cut coronary calcium quantification: Advantages compared with standard 3 mm slices
Traditional MDCT 3-mm slice reconstructions for coronary artery calcium score quantification may underestimate scores, lead to inaccurate measurements.

Immune therapy tested in study of women with triple-negative breast cancer
Early data in a preliminary human study show that an experimental immune system drug is generally safe and well tolerated in women with metastatic, triple-negative breast cancer, a persistently difficult form of the disease to treat.

Pruning of blood vessels: Cells can fuse with themselves
Cells of the vascular system of vertebrates can fuse with themselves.

Researchers produce first atlas of airborne microbes across United States
A University of Colorado Boulder and North Carolina State University-led team has produced the first atlas of airborne microbes across the continental US, a feat that has implications for better understanding health and disease in humans, animals and crops.

Cancer-inflammation 'vicious cycle' detailed in new study
New findings hidden within the complex machinery behind the chronic inflammation-cancer feedback loop are presented today by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC Cancer Center, at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.

Breast tumor stiffness and metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have discovered a molecular mechanism that connects breast tissue stiffness to tumor metastasis and poor prognosis.

Tumor genome sequencing shows the most frequently altered gene in bladder cancer: Telomerase reverse transcriptase
In results presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2015, a collaborative study by the University of Colorado Cancer Center and the National Cancer Institute reports that the telomerase reverse transcriptase gene promoter was altered in 69 percent of 54 cases of bladder cancer.

Two tested approaches to treating childhood obesity appear effective
A MassGeneral Hospital for Children study of two protocols for the treatment of childhood obesity finds that both were successful in limiting one-year weight gain in obese children.

Pancreatic cancer loses viral defenses when talking with supporting cells
Ottawa researchers have unlocked a way to make pancreatic cancer cells more vulnerable to cancer-killing viruses, known as oncolytic viruses.

Long non-coding RNA modulates colorectal cancer metabolism
Long non-coding RNAs are unusual in that they don't encode proteins like normal RNA.

Most Americans say medical marijuana shouldn't be used by kids or in front of kids
Medical marijuana and children don't mix, most Americans say.

Listen to your heart: Why your brain may give away how well you know yourself
'Listen to your heart,' sang Swedish pop group Roxette in the late '80s.

Telling the time by color
Research by scientists at the University of Manchester has revealed that the color of light has a major impact on how our body clock measures time of day.

Vampire squid discovery shows how little we know of the deep sea
Among soft-bodied cephalopods, vampire squid live life at a slower pace.

Global pandemic of fake medicines poses urgent risk, scientists say
Poor quality medicines are an urgent threat that could undermine decades of successful efforts to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB, according to the editors of a journal supplement published today.

Higher-than-expected pediatric cancer rates identified in 2 Florida areas
Higher-than-expected rates of pediatric cancers have been identified in the Miami metro area and an area west of the Everglades in a series of five statistical analyses conducted for Science and Public Policy, an open-access, online public-policy journal published by the American Statistical Association.

Oral milk thistle extract stops colorectal cancer stem cells from growing tumors
'It's very simple: tumors from mice that were initially fed silibinin had fewer cancer stem cells, were smaller, had lower metabolisms and showed decreased growth of new blood vessels,' says University of Colorado Cancer Center researcher, describing results to be presented at AACR 2015.

What's the life expectancy of patients when they begin treatment for osteoporosis?
Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60.

Reducing global tobacco use
Although global efforts to cut tobacco use have had some success, more can be done to reduce the number of deaths from smoking, according to a commentary published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Chemists create modular system for placing proteins on membranes
With a tag, an anchor and a cage that can be unlocked with light, chemists have devised a simple, modular system that can locate proteins at the membrane of a cell.

Ultrasound/MRI fusion biopsy detects more sonographically occult prostate cancers
Multiparametric MRI and subsequent fusion of MR images with ultrasound enables a targeted biopsy of high-suspicion foci with increased diagnostic accuracy of prostate cancer over established methods.

Deep national history of immigration predicts wide cultural comfort displaying emotion
People who live in countries built on centuries of migration from a wide range of other countries are more emotionally expressive than people in more insular cultures, according to research led by University of Wisconsin-Madison psychology professor Paula Niedenthal.

Carnegie Mellon, Disney researchers develop acoustically driven controls for smartphones
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Disney Research have developed an inexpensive alternative to a smartphone's touchscreen -- a toolbox of physical knobs, sliders and other acoustically driven mechanisms that can be readily added to any device.

Childhood syndrome combining lung disease, arthritis is identified
Using the latest genome sequencing techniques, a research team led by scientists from UC San Francisco, Baylor College of Medicine, and Texas Children's Hospital has identified a new autoimmune syndrome characterized by a combination of severe lung disease and arthritis that currently has no therapy.

Research highlights the importance of 'self-DNA' for maintaining diversity among species
In natural plant communities, diversity is maintained by limits set on each plant by itself.

New tactic targets brain tumors
Patients who are obese, diabetic or both have the highest incidence of brain tumors, and they offer a clue that insulin is a factor for some glioblastoma patients.

Use of radiotherapy after prostate cancer surgery declining, despite evidence of benefit
Despite strong evidence and guidelines supporting its use, post-surgical radiation therapy for prostate cancer patients at risk of recurrence is declining in the United States.

Let it snow
Before Deepwater Horizon, scientists didn't know that oil and marine snow had anything to do with each other.

Darwin convinced the world, but was he the first to describe evolution?
A new review of the ideas and work of Patrick Matthew, a little-known antecedent of Charles Darwin, argues that Matthew is under-appreciated even though he described the idea of large-scale evolution by natural selection decades before Darwin did.

Is the amyloid hypothesis the right path to find a treatment for Alzheimer's disease?
There is both risk and reward in focusing Alzheimer's disease research on inhibiting amyloid production, according to a new article in Future Science OA.

New study suggests ways to avoid catching diseases from pets
Pets can transmit diseases to humans, especially when an owner's immune system is compromised.

Study re-examines sports restrictions for children with heart rhythm disorder
Sports participation may be safer than previously thought for children with the heart rhythm disorder long QT syndrome, and authors of a new study in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology say restrictions should be eased to allow appropriately treated children with the condition to participate more in recreational and competitive sports.

New drug combination shows promise for breaking breast cancer resistance
Researchers from the University of Manchester working with drug development company Evgen Pharma, have developed a new combination of drugs which could overcome treatment resistance and relapse in breast cancer.

3-T MRI advancing on ultrasound for imaging fetal abnormalities
As 3-T MRI scanners become more common due to their improved image signal-to-noise ratio and anatomical detail, the benefits of 3-T MRI must be weighed against potential risks to the fetus that may result from the higher field strength.

Changes in cancer epigenome implicated in chemotherapy resistance and lymphoma relapse
Genomic studies have illuminated the ways in which malfunctioning genes can drive cancer growth while stunting the therapeutic effects of chemotherapy and other treatments.

Expert offers advice on how to 'pitch' a good research idea
For many students or junior academics -- and even for senior investigators -- initiating a new piece of research can be a daunting experience, and they often do not know where or how to begin.

State water officials, researchers provide latest drought data, strategies
Four California water resource experts will present the latest precipitation and supply data for the southern coastal and desert areas and Colorado River basin.

A somber anniversary: 100 years of chemical weapons (video)
April 22, 2015, marks the 100th anniversary of the first large-scale use of chemical weapons in warfare.

The Lancet: Mindfulness-based therapy could offer an alternative to antidepressants for preventing depression relapse
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy could provide an alternative non-drug treatment for people who do not wish to continue long-term antidepressant treatment, suggests new research published in The Lancet.

Statin use in elderly would prevent disease but could carry considerable side effects
A new study by UC San Francisco has found that statins can help prevent disease in older adults but must be weighed against potentially serious side effects.

Imaging immunity
A novel approach that allows real-time imaging of the immune system's response to the presence of tumors -- without the need for blood draws or invasive biopsies -- offers a potential breakthrough both in diagnostics and in the ability to monitor efficacy of cancer therapies.

Vitamin D deficiency common in patients with lung disease
A new study from Korea has uncovered a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as well as a significant relationship between vitamin D deficiency and airflow limitations.

New SU2C-American Cancer Society Lung Cancer Dream Team announced
The Stand Up To Cancer-American Cancer Society $20 million Lung Cancer Dream Team will target KRAS gene mutations found in 20-25 percent of lung cancer patients; will focus on KRAS mutant lung cancer found in 20-24 percent of lung cancer patients to define the most effective therapies to target KRAS and critical related biological pathways; target the immune system to treat KRAS mutant lung cancers; and integrate targeted therapies with immunotherapies for these lung cancers.

NASA's ATLAS thermal testing: You're hot, then you're cold
Once in orbit, the Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2 will go from basking in the heat of the sun to freezing in Earth's shadow every 90 minutes.

Study shows early environment has a lasting impact on stress response systems
The study finds that children raised in Romanian orphanages had blunted stress response systems, while children placed with foster parents before the age of 2 showed stress responses similar to those of children raised in typical families.

One test for all infections
Researchers from the University of Toronto are fast-tracking this process with new technology.

Dual-energy CT imaging improves pancreatic cancer assessment
Dual-energy CT scans have several potential applications in the detection, characterization, staging and follow-up of pancreatic cancer patients, according to a new study conducted at Johns Hopkins University.

OSU innovation boosts Wi-Fi bandwidth tenfold
Researchers have invented a new technology that can increase the bandwidth of Wi-Fi systems by 10 times, using LED lights to transmit information.

Disney Research creates method enabling dialogue replacement for automated video redubbing
A badly dubbed foreign film makes a viewer yearn for subtitles; even subtle discrepancies between words spoken and facial motion are easy to detect.

Presentations at the AACR Annual Meeting highlight advances in cancer research made possible by Bio-Rad's Droplet Digital PCR technology
Researchers present advances in digital PCR at the 2015 AACR Annual Meeting.

Throwing light on how to conduct a personalized pancreas cancer clinical trial
Australian leaders of an ongoing pancreatic cancer clinical trial known as the Individualized Molecular Pancreatic Cancer Therapy or 'IMPaCT' trial, have been learning ways to bring about about a new paradigm of personalized cancer care for pancreatic cancer and other aggressive cancer types.

Drugs stimulate body's own stem cells to replace brain cells lost in multiple sclerosis
Led by Case Western Reserve researchers, a multi-institutional team identified two topical drugs (miconazole and clobetasol) capable of stimulating regeneration of damaged brain cells and reversing paralysis in animal models.

Ocean currents impact methane consumption
Offshore the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago, methane is seeping out of the seabed in several hundred meters depth.

VTT creates efficient method of producing metallic nanoparticles
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. has developed a new, cost-efficient method of producing various types of metallic nanoparticles.

As US assumes Arctic Council chairmanship, new report emphasizes cooperation over conflict
Although the media often portray the Arctic as a new 'Great Game' ripe for conflict, a group of international Arctic experts co-chaired by Dartmouth College released recommendations today aimed at preserving the polar north as an area for political and military cooperation, sustainable development and scientific research.

Uranium isotopes carry the fingerprint of ancient bacterial activity
The oceans contain billions of tons of dissolved uranium. Over the planet's history, some of this uranium was transformed into an insoluble form, causing it to precipitate and accumulate in sediments.

Interventions developed at Johns Hopkins reduce bloodstream infections in Abu Dhabi
A bundled intervention focused on evidence-based infection prevention practices, safety culture and teamwork, and scheduled measurement of infection rates considerably reduced central line-associated bloodstream infections across intensive care units in seven Abu Dhabi hospitals, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality report.

Genetic road map may bring about better cotton crops
A University of Texas at Austin scientist, working with an international research team, has developed the most precise sequence map yet of US cotton and will soon create an even more detailed map for navigating the complex cotton genome.

Cancer drug shows promise as cure for hepatitis B
Australian scientists have found a potential cure for hepatitis B virus infections, with a promising new treatment proving 100 percent successful in eliminating the infection in preclinical models.

Developing a robotic therapist for children
In collaboration with other national institutions, researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are designing a new therapeutic tool for motor rehabilitation for children.

Study sheds new light on a crucial enzyme for the immune response
A new study by immunology researchers at the IRCM led by Javier M.

Atrial fibrillation recurrence lower with sleep apnea treatment
The use of continuous positive airway pressure was associated with a significant reduction in the recurrence of atrial fibrillation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea, according to an analysis of data from past research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Clinical Electrophysiology.

VTT accelerates commercialization of foam forming technology
Foam forming technology offers companies major cost saving possibilities in paper and paperboard manufacturing.

New guidelines inform clinicians how to treat a first seizure
Following a first seizure, physicians should discuss with patients whether it is appropriate to prescribe medication to reduce risk of another seizure, according to new guidelines released at the American Academy of Neurology meeting.

Genres in writing: A new path to English language learning
The growth in the number of English language learners in US schools is placing new burdens on teachers who may not have the training to help these students.

Down to 3 wolves on Isle Royale
Only three wolves seem to remain in Isle Royale National Park.

Technology can transfer human emotions to your palm through air, say scientists
Human emotion can be transferred by technology that stimulates different parts of the hand without making physical contact with your body, a University of Sussex-led study has shown.

Insects inspire next generation of hearing aids
An insect-inspired microphone that can tackle the problem of locating sounds and eliminate background noise is set to revolutionize modern-day hearing aid systems.

Falsified medicines taint global supply
The threat of falsified medications, also referred to as counterfeit, fraudulent, and substandard, can be quite real, yet the full scope and prevalence of the problem is poorly understood, say researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine in a new report published April 20 in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Dartmouth-led black hole hunters tackle a cosmic conundrum
Dartmouth astrophysicists and their colleagues have not only proven that a supermassive black hole exists in a place where it isn't supposed to be, but in doing so have opened a new door to what things were like in the early universe.

UK doctors unlikely to be able to repay student loans
UK doctors are unlikely to be able to repay their student loans over the course of their working lives, amassing debts of more than £80,000 by the time they graduate, in some cases, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

In utero exposure to extreme morning sickness may cause developmental deficits in children
Women who experience extreme morning sickness during pregnancy are three times more likely to have children with developmental issues, including attention disorders and language and speech delays, than woman who have normal nausea and vomiting, a UCLA study has found.

New guideline on how to treat the 1 in 10 who experience a first seizure
In order to help doctors treat the millions of people who experience their first seizure each year, the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society have released a new guideline on how to treat a first seizure.

Rates of opioid dispensing, overdose drop following market changes
Dispensing of prescription opioid pain relievers and prescription opioid overdoses both dropped substantially after abuse-deterrent extended-release oxycodone hydrochloride was introduced on the pharmaceutical market and the narcotic drug propoxyphene was withdrawn from the US market in 2010, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Reflections on current state of situation awareness topic of JCEDM special issue
The March special issue of the Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making features reflections and commentaries from highly regarded authors on situation awareness.

Don't judge a book -- or a plant -- by its cover!
The findings, like the kwongan as a whole, are of global importance.

New pathway reveals how immune system is regulated; gives hope for chronic diseases
Researchers from the University of Birmingham have identified an important new way in which our immune systems are regulated, and hope that understanding it will help tackle the debilitating effects of type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and other serious diseases.

Notre Dame researchers detecting low quality antimalarial drugs with a lab-on-paper
Access to high-quality medicine is a basic human right, but over four billion people live in countries where many medications are substandard or fake.

A 'cingular' strategy for attack and defense
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have pinpointed specific brain regions related to choosing strategies, specifically deciding to attack an opponent or defend one's position.

Smoking may affect some women's likelihood of giving birth to twins
A new study provides a possible explanation of reports that mothers of twins are more likely to have smoked, despite evidence that nicotine reduces fertility.

Clemson, international team crack genetic code of Upland cotton
In a groundbreaking achievement led by an international team that includes Clemson scientist Chris Saski, the intricately woven genetic makeup of Upland cotton has been decoded for the first time in the ancient plant's history.

Carnegie Corporation of New York grants CMU $1 million to support Simon Initiative
The Carnegie Corporation of New York has awarded Carnegie Mellon University a $1 million, two-year grant, to demonstrate and help promote the use of technology-enhanced learning techniques in higher education.

Providing universal donor plasma to massively bleeding trauma patients is feasible and can save lives
A recent randomized trial that looked at the feasibility of 2013 guidelines issued by the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Project for trauma resuscitation found that delivering universal donor plasma to massively hemorrhaging patients can be accomplished consistently and rapidly and without excessive wastage in high volume trauma centers.

Guideline authored by University of Maryland neurologist advises when to treat a first seizure
A new guideline authored by Allan Krumholz, M.D., a professor of neurology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, found that administering an antiepileptic medication immediately after a first seizure reduces the risk of having another seizure within two years.

Darwin, Wallace, and the overlooked third man
The horticulturist who came up with the concept of 'evolution by natural selection' 27 years before Charles Darwin did should be more widely acknowledged for his contribution, states a new paper by a King's College London geneticist. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to