Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2015
New finding could help develop test for kidney disease
Scientists at the University of Manchester have made an important finding that could help develop an early test for kidney disease.

User creativity made YouTube the world's biggest music service
Music is the most popular YouTube content by several measures, including video views and search activity.

Invasion of the earthworms, mapped and analyzed
In an effort to forecast the spread of an invasive earthworm that threatens the boreal forest of Canada, researchers are bringing a new weapon to bear: statistical analysis.

Sexing Stegosaurus
The first convincing evidence for sexual differences in a species of dinosaur has been described by University of Bristol M.Sc. student, Evan Saitta, in a study of the iconic dinosaur Stegosaurus, published today in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.

Microinjection platform tests multiple cancer drugs in tumors, predicts systemic response
A newly developed technology for evaluating multiple cancer drugs or combinations while a tumor is still in a patient's body has been shown to accurately predict systemic response to the drugs, according to researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Presage Biosciences and Celgene.

Look mom, no eardrums!
Researchers at the RIKEN Evolutionary Morphology Laboratory and the University of Tokyo in Japan have used evo-devo methods to determine that the eardrum evolved independently in mammals and reptiles/birds.

Invisible inks could help foil counterfeiters of all kinds
Northwestern University scientists have invented sophisticated fluorescent inks that one day could be used as multicolored barcodes for consumers to authenticate products often counterfeited.

NEJM perspective: 'Patient CARE Act' Medicaid block grant likely unconstitutional
The Medicaid block grant proposed as part of the Patient Choice, Affordability, Responsibility and Empowerment Act ('Patient CARE Act') would radically transform Medicaid without the consent of states and would likely be considered unconstitutional, say two legal experts in a New England Journal of Medicine Perspective article.

ADSA Foundation announces plan to publish third edition of 'Large Dairy Herd Management'
To benefit a broad segment of the global dairy industry, the ADSA Foundation will undertake another major initiative, this time to meet the growing information needs of dairy farmers, service professionals, and students worldwide.

UTMB researchers develop Ebola treatment effective 3 days after infection
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp., have successfully developed a post-exposure treatment that is effective against a specific strain of the Ebola virus that killed thousands of people in West Africa.

Personalizing bipolar disorder treatment
Lithium is among the most effective therapies for bipolar disorder and remains the first-line treatment even as other mood stabilizing drugs have become available.

Papers identify effective and cost-effective treatments for complex wounds
Two new papers published today by researchers at St. Michael's Hospital identify which of the hundreds of available treatments for complex wounds are most likely to be effective and which are most likely to be cost-effective.

Ebola survivors donate plasma to tackle outbreak
The first donations of plasma, from survivors of the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, have been received by an international research team working to help tackle current and future disease outbreaks in West Africa.

Cancer scan could remove need for radiotherapy for cured patients
A UK National Cancer Research Institute trial led from The University of Manchester and the Christie NHS Foundation Trust has suggested that in patients with early stage Hodgkin's lymphoma the late effects of radiotherapy could be reduced by using a scan to determine those who actually need it.

Electron spin brings order to high entropy alloys
Researchers have discovered that electron spin brings a previously unknown degree of order to the high entropy alloy nickel iron chromium cobalt -- and may play a role in giving the alloy its desirable properties.

Penn researcher advises translational med hubs best place for clinical phenotyping efforts
Penn translational med pioneer advocates that to 'influence emergence of the clinic of the future, one designed to practice precision medicine,' an NIH plan to establish large-scale collaborative clinical trials needs also to pay better attention to three areas of emerging practice: adaptive clinical trials, merging EMRs and biobanks, and human phenotyping.

MIT receives $1.7 million for study of Down syndrome from Alana Foundation
MIT's Picower Institute is to partner on four projects with Case Western Reserve University.

NIH funds WPI study aimed at engineering more natural and durable replacement heart valves
With a $450,000, three-year award from the National Institutes of Health, a team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute led by Kristen Billiar, Ph.D., professor of biomedical engineering, will analyze how mechanical forces and cellular growth factors affect the growth and development of human heart valves to advance the long-term goal of developing a new class of tissue-engineered heart valves that are more natural and longer-lasting than current replacement valves.

Missing genetic link found in a challenging immune disease
In the largest genome-wide analysis to date of common variable immunodeficiency disorder, scientists have identified a gene that may be a 'missing link' between overactive and underactive immune activity.

Desert plant could bolster world's supply of natural rubber
Tropical plantations in Southeast Asia have supplied most of the essential, natural rubber for truck, car and airplane tires for the past century.

Drexel materials scientists putting a new spin on computing memory
As computers continue to shrink -- moving from desks and laps to hands and wrists -- memory has to become smaller, stable and more energy conscious.

Inflammatory bowel disease treatment gets boost from new educational resource
A new educational resource for doctors and healthcare professionals will help improve knowledge and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Spread of pathogens between species is predictable, study finds
A study of disease dynamics in a California grassland has revealed fundamental principles underlying the spread of pathogens among species, with broad implications for the maintenance of biodiversity and for addressing practical problems related to plant diseases.

Toxic mushroom-based drug may help battle colorectal cancer
For some time, cancer scientists have considered the toxin, alpha-amanatin derived from 'death cap' mushrooms, as a possible cancer treatment.

Montréal discovery could impact the study of chronic pain conditions
Researchers at the IRCM led by Artur Kania, Ph.D., uncovered the critical role in pain processing of a gene associated with a rare disease.

Evolution makes invading species spread even faster
Today, invasive animals and plants spread all around the globe.

'Exciting discovery' could aid frontline spinal injury treatment
Rapid treatment with a new anti-inflammatory could have a major impact on recovery from spinal cord injury, University of Queensland researchers have found.

Carnegie launches next generation airborne laboratory for Earth
Carnegie Science announces the launch of the Carnegie Airborne Observatory-3, the most scientifically advanced aircraft-based mapping and data analytics system in civil aviation today.

More Americans at risk from strong earthquakes, says new report
More than 143 million Americans living in the 48 contiguous states are exposed to potentially damaging ground shaking from earthquakes, with as many as 28 million people likely to experience strong shaking during their lifetime, according to research discussed at the annual meeting of Seismological Society of America.

Scientists X-ray anti-inflammatory drug candidates
Using DESY's ultra bright X-ray source PETRA III, scientists have decoded the molecular and three-dimensional structure of two promising drug candidates from the new group of Spiegelmers for the first time.

Nondestructive 3-D imaging of biological cells with sound
In this week's Applied Physics Letters, researchers from Thailand and Japan describe the first known demonstration of 3-D cell imaging using picosecond ultrasonics, and show that picosecond ultrasonics can achieve micron resolution of single cells, imaging their interiors in slices separated by 150 nanometers.

FACC-29 gathers authenticated canine cancer cell lines for research and drug development
Members of the University of Colorado Cancer Center report at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2015 the assembly of a panel of validated canine cancer cell lines named the FACC-29, analogous to the NCI-60.

Computer-assisted diagnosis tool helps physicians assess skin conditions
In the first major study to examine the use of a computer-assisted, photo-driven differential diagnosis generator for skin conditions, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found physicians routinely used the tool, without an increase in calling for inpatient dermatology consultations.

Study: This is your teen's brain behind the wheel
A new study of teenagers and their moms reveals how adolescent brains negotiate risk -- and the factors that modulate their risk-taking behind the wheel.

Birds show surprising resilience in the face of natural stresses
Life as a wild baby bird can involve a lot of stress; competing with your siblings, dealing with extreme weather, and going hungry due to habitat loss are just a few examples.

Natural reparative capacity of teeth elucidated
Researchers at Inserm and Paris Descartes University have just taken an important step in research on stem cells and dental repair.

Decoding the cell's genetic filing system
A fully extended strand of human DNA measures about five feet in length.

Stowers Investigator elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and Stowers Investigator Alejandro Sánchez Alvarado, Ph.D., has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

UT Arlington nano-project seeks to uncover new materials, processes
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineering researcher will use a National Science Foundation grant to discover as-yet-unknown materials that will provide better imaging, compute faster or make communications more secure.

Quit smoking at age 60: Lower risk for heart attack and stroke within the first five years
Smokers who die from heart disease are, on average, five and a half years younger than non-smokers who die from it.

International partnerships, knowledge sharing help Bhutan continue on path to advanced internet
Internet2 and the Network Startup Research Center -- both US-based non-profits working to advance technology around the world -- are working with technology leaders in Bhutan to bring ultra-high-speed network access to the research and education community in the mountainous country in the heart of the Himalayan region.

Soy: It's good for eating, baking -- and cleaning up crude oil spills
If you've studied ingredient labels on food packaging, you've probably noticed that soy lecithin is in a lot of products, ranging from buttery spreads to chocolate cake.

DNA of bacteria crucial to ecosystem defies explanation
The genome of an important bacteria contains far more 'junk DNA' than scientists expected -- making its genome more closely resemble that of a higher lifeform.

Sugary drinks boost risk factors for heart disease, study shows
This new UC Davis study demonstrates for the first time that consumption of sugary drinks increases risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a dose-dependent manner -- the more you drink, the greater the risk.

Engineering the P450 enzyme to perform new reactions
Enzymes, the micro machines in our cells, can evolve to perform new tasks when confronted with novel situations.

UNH researchers discover new method to detect most common bacteria contaminating oysters
In a major breakthrough in shellfish management and disease prevention, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have discovered a new method to detect a bacterium that has contaminated New England oyster beds and sickened consumers who ate the contaminated shellfish.

Majorities in Arctic nations favor cooperation with Russia despite Ukraine; conflict worries rise
Commissioned by the Gordon Foundation of Toronto and Institute of the North, Anchorage, a survey of 10,000 respondents in countries with Arctic territory reveals major differences of opinion on issues ranging from Arctic co-operation with Russia to the threat of military conflict north of the 60th parallel, to whether the Northwest Passage is a Canadian or international waterway.

How foreign animals affect Newfoundland's food chain
Canada's most easterly province has as many non-native land mammals as it does native ones.

Flameproof falcons and hawks
A Cooper's hawk, found in Greater Vancouver, is the most polluted wild bird that has been found anywhere in the world.

Study shows how breast milk protects against severe intestinal disease in preemies
The immune-boosting properties of breast milk have long been known.

Personalized cancer treatment
MIT researchers develop implantable device that could allow doctors to test cancer drugs in patients before prescribing chemotherapy.

Unique field study shows that pesticide harms wild bees
For the first time, a research project has investigated how a neonicotinoid pesticide, clothianidin, affects both honeybees and wild bees in an agricultural landscape.

Researchers discover new drugs to combat the root cause of multiple sclerosis
New research published in Nature has found several drugs could lead to new treatment options for multiple sclerosis, including two drugs that effectively treat MS at the source, in vivo.

A promising step forward toward a new treatment against cancer
The work of UCL researchers, published on April 22 in the prestigious scientific magazine Science Translational Medicine, allows taking into consideration new methods of immunotherapy against cancer, which could lead to an improvement of the efficiency of the current treatment methods.

Quantum 'paparazzi' film photons in the act of pairing up
In the quantum world of light, being distinguishable means staying lonely.

This week from AGU: Undersea eruptions, shale boom and ozone pollution, Titan's atmosphere
This week from AGU: articles on undersea eruptions, shale boom and ozone pollution, and Titan's atmosphere.

Magma intrusion is likely source of Colombia-Ecuador border quake swarms
The 'seismic crisis' around the region of the Chiles and Cerro Negro de Mayasquer volcanoes near the Colombia-Ecuador border is likely caused by intruding magma, according to a report by R.

Twins experiment reveals genetic link with mosquito bites
The likelihood of being bitten by mosquitoes could be down to our genes, according to a study carried out on twins.

Patient-doctor ethnic differences thwart end-of-life conversations
Most doctors balk at talking with seriously ill patients about what's important to them in their final days, especially if the patient's ethnicity is different than their own, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Verbal therapy could block consolidation of fear memories in trauma victims
A verbal 'updating' technique aimed at blocking the consolidation of traumatic memories could protect against the long-term psychological and physiological effects of trauma, according to new research from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London and the University of Oxford.

New genetic test will improve biosecurity of honey bees around the globe
The international trade in honeybees is restricted, due in part to bans on import of queens from countries such as the United States, where Africanized honeybees are present.

Cloud security reaches silicon
A system for defending against memory-access attacks can be implemented in chips.

CWRU researcher awarded $500,000 NSF CAREER grant
A Case Western Reserve University researcher has won a $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to create tiny sensors capable of detecting insecticides in Lake Erie or determining subtypes of human cancers.

Elsevier announces the launch of SoftwareX
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the launch of a new concept journal, SoftwareX.

Treating patients with dignity -- but what about hands-on care?
Research suggests health and social care professionals put a different emphasis on the meaning of dignity than their patients do.

Earthquake 'super-cycle' patterns on the Garlock fault
A new look at slip rate data and geologic evidence for ancient earthquakes on the central Garlock fault suggest that seismic activity along the fault may be controlled in part by 'super-cycle' changes in strain that occur on thousand-year timescales.

Millimeter-sized stones formed our planet
Researchers can now explain how asteroids are formed. According to a new study led by Lund University in Sweden, our own planet also has its origins in the same process, a cosmic ocean of millimeter-sized particles that orbited the young sun.

Global hepatitis B epidemic can be treated for $36 (£24) per person per year
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have demonstrated that a drug for treating hepatitis B virus could be mass-produced for only £24 ($36) per person per year, versus the current UK NHS price of £4,600, and the US price of over $15,000.

Mindfulness-based therapy rather than antidepressants to prevent depression relapse?
Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry are part of a team led by the University of Oxford whose new research suggests that mindfulness-based therapy could be an alternative to antidepressants to prevent depression relapse.

Preventing deformed limbs: New link found between physical forces and limb development
University of Toronto engineers and a pediatric surgeon have joined forces to discover that physical forces like pressure and tension affect the development of limbs in embryos -- research that could someday be used to help prevent birth defects.

First exoplanet visible light spectrum
Astronomers using the HARPS planet-hunting machine at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile have made the first-ever direct detection of the spectrum of visible light reflected off an exoplanet.

International Communication Association to hold Annual Conference in San Juan, Puerto Rico
The International Communication Association will hold its 65th annual conference May 22-25 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Exploding stars help to understand thunderclouds on Earth
How is lightning initiated in thunderclouds? This is difficult to answer -- how do you measure electric fields inside large, dangerously charged clouds?

A recipe for long-lasting livers
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology have developed a new technique that extends the time that donor organs last and can also resuscitate organs obtained after cardiac arrest.

Cirrhosis deaths drop 41 percent from 2002 to 2012
A new study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers has found dramatic improvements in the care of patients with cirrhosis and liver failure and recommends improved treatment strategies for patients with cirrhosis and concurrent bacterial infections.

Large heads, narrow pelvises and difficult childbirth in humans
The size of the neonatal skull is large relative to the dimensions of the birth canal in the female pelvis.

Stegosaurus plates may have differed between male, female
Stegosaurs' plates may have differed between males and females.

Updates in liver disease research: Do you want the good or bad news?
The May issues of AGA's journals -- Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Gastroenterology -- highlight important research updates on the most deadly forms of liver disease.

High mountains warming faster than expected
High elevation environments around the world may be warming much faster than previously thought, according to members of an international research team including Raymond Bradley, director of the Climate System Research Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Protein Adseverin identified as key factor driving bone loss in osteoinflammatory disease
More common than arthritis, gum disease (periodontitis), an osteoimmune disease, affects millions of North Americans each year, and leads to bone loss.

Researchers discover never-before-seen tick-borne disease
Just in time for spring and the explosion of ticks in forests, lawns and trails, a new study by researchers from China and the University of Maryland School of Medicine has uncovered a never-before-seen illness transmitted by ticks.

Cloth masks -- dangerous to your health?
A UNSW study shows respiratory infection is much higher among healthcare workers wearing cloth masks compared to medical masks.

From metal to insulator and back again
Metals are compounds that are capable of conducting the flow of electrons that make up an electric current.

First guidelines from the American Thyroid Associationn: Managing thyroid nodules and cancer in children
Previous guidelines from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) for evaluating and managing thyroid nodules and thyroid cancers targeted adults.

Demanding jobs may increase survival in frontotemporal dementia
People with more demanding jobs may live longer after developing the disease frontotemporal dementia than people with less skilled jobs, according to a new study published in the April 22, 2015, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Drug research enhanced by fragment screening libraries
Generation of fragment screening libraries could enhance the analysis and application of natural products for medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, according to the Director of Griffith University's Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery, Professor Ronald Quinn.

Stressed-out parasites: Overcoming drug-resistant malaria
Drug resistance to the critical antimalarial therapeutics of the artemisinin family has emerged in Southeast Asia, highlighting the need to understand how these drugs work and how they can be used more effectively.

Study illuminates role of cancer drug decitabine in repairing damaged cells
A Purdue University study sheds light on how cell damage is reversed by the cancer drug decitabine and identifies a potential biomarker that could indicate a patient's stage of cancer and response to treatment.

Tau Ceti: The next Earth? Probably not
Star system Tau Ceti has long been used in science fiction as a very likely place to have life due to its proximity to Earth and the star's sun-like characteristics.

Testosterone key to new bird bang theory
New research from a Wake Forest University biologist who studies animal behavior suggests that evolution is hard at work when it comes to the acrobatic courtship dances of a tropical bird species.

Autism and prodigy share a common genetic link
Researchers have uncovered the first evidence of a genetic link between prodigy and autism.

New class of 3-D-printed aerogels improve energy storage
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have made graphene aerogel microlattices with an engineered architecture via a 3-D printing technique known as direct ink writing.

Better social media techniques increase fan interest, engagement
Mizzou researchers found that the more MLB teams released original content from their Twitter accounts, such as score updates or player profiles, the more followers they gained and engagement they initiated.

Rush Holt, CEO of AAAS, elected to Research!America's board of directors
Former Congressman Rush D. Holt, Ph.D., chief executive officer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and executive publisher of the Science family of journals, has been elected to the Board of Directors of Research!America, the nation's largest advocacy and public education alliance working to make research to improve health a higher national priority.

Flame retardants could contribute to hyperthyroidism in older cats
For years, health advocates have been pushing to ban some flame retardants for their potentially harmful effects, especially on young children and infants.

Study examines long-term adverse health effects of Ebola survivors
Ebola survivors experienced negative health effects that persisted more than two years after the 2007-2008 Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BDBV) outbreak in Uganda that claimed 39 lives.

Vehicle cost, lack of consumer information hinder purchases of plug-in electric vehicles
Vehicle cost, current battery technology, and inadequate consumer knowledge are some of the barriers preventing widespread adoption of plug-in electric vehicles, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council.

The right programs can help college students suffering from depression, anxiety and stress
Is it possible to prevent mental health problems in higher education students?

Surface matters: Huge reduction of heat conduction observed in flat silicon channels
Combining state-of-the-art realistic atomistic modelling and experiments, the paper describes how thermal conductivity of ultrathin silicon membranes is controlled to large extent by the structure and the chemical composition of their surface.

Alcoholic hepatitis treatments fail to keep patients alive
The main drugs used to treat alcoholic hepatitis are not effective at increasing patients' survival, a major study has found.

Phonons, arise!
The creation of devices to control phonons -- elusive atomic vibrations that transport heat energy in solids at speeds up to the speed of sound -- has taken a step forward when researchers successfully altered the thermal conductivity of a widely used commercial material, using only a simple nine-volt battery.

Alana Foundation to fund Case Western Reserve-MIT research on Down syndrome
Thanks to the Alana Foundation, Down syndrome researcher Alberto Costa, M.D., Ph.D., has taken another step toward making Northeast Ohio a leader in exploring potential treatments for the genetic condition.

Twins experiment reveals genetic link with mosquito bites
The likelihood of being bitten by mosquitoes could be linked to our genes.

Triple negative breast cancer in African-American women has distinct difference
What makes triple negative breast cancer more lethal in African-American women than white women or women of European descent?

Breast arterial calcification strong predictor of coronary artery calcification
In a study to ascertain whether breast arterial calcification (BAC) detected with digital mammography correlates to chest CT findings of coronary artery calcification (CAC), researchers have discovered a striking relationship between the two factors.

The Association for Molecular Pathology compiles current research on liquid biopsy
In general, the article supports the notion that this type of diagnostic testing in and of itself allows for earlier diagnosis, faster and more targeted treatment, reduced costs, and increased quality of life and even increased lifespan for the patient.

Hasbro Children's Hospital study links adverse childhood experiences to pediatric asthma
Robyn Wing, M.D., an emergency medicine physician at Hasbro Children's Hospital, recently led a study that found children who were exposed to an adverse childhood experience (ACE) were 28 percent more likely to develop asthma.

Serious violence in England and Wales drops 10 percent in 2014
Numbers of people injured in serious violence dropped by 10 percent in 2014 compared to 2013, according to an England and Wales study by Cardiff University.

Backache -- a matter of mechanics
Thanks to a collaboration with the Balgrist University Hospital and University of Pittsburgh, Empa is beginning to decode the mechanics of the lower vertebrae.

Penn Vet, Montreal and McGill researchers show how blood-brain barrier is maintained
In a new study, researchers have made insights into how the blood-brain barrier, or BBB, is maintained, identifying a protein key to the process.

First invasive lionfish discovered in Brazil
A single fish caught with a hand spear off the Brazilian coast is making big waves across the entire southwestern Atlantic.

Arctic beetles may be ideal marker of climate change
McGill researchers believe that Arctic beetles may prove to be ideal markers of climate change, since any changes in climate that affect the soil, plants and animals on which the beetles depend are likely to be quickly reflected in changes in the beetle communities.

Scientists discover asthma's potential root cause and a novel treatment
Cardiff University scientists have for the first time identified the potential root cause of asthma and an existing drug that offers a new treatment.

Brain abnormalities found among those experiencing blast-related mild traumatic brain injury
Individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), particularly those who have had loss of consciousness (LOC), show structural brain abnormalities in their white matter as measured by diffusion tensor imaging, These findings, which appear in the journal NeuroImage: Clinical, is the only study to date to demonstrate that mTBI with LOC is associated with brain abnormalities that lead to decreased performance in verbal memory.

Scientists watch living taste cells in action
Scientists have for the first time captured live images of the process of taste sensation on the tongue.

Earthquake potential where there is no earthquake history
It may seem unlikely that a large earthquake would take place hundreds of kilometers away from a tectonic plate boundary, in areas with low levels of strain on the crust from tectonic motion.

Innovation allows pregnant women with diabetes to achieve round-the-clock glucose control
Achieving better glucose control in pregnant women with diabetes by using continuous glucose monitoring may help them give birth to healthier children, new research from the University of Leeds suggests.

Children with ADHD at risk for binge eating, study shows
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, are significantly more likely to have an eating disorder -- a loss of control eating syndrome -- akin to binge eating, a condition more generally diagnosed only in adults, according to results of a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study.

Nanoparticle drug reverses Parkinson's-like symptoms in rats
As baby boomers age, the number of people diagnosed with Parkinson's disease is expected to increase.

Study: Polarization in Congress is worsening, and it stifles policy innovation
A new study confirms quantitatively that partisan disagreements in the US Congress are worsening and that polarization is harmful to policy innovation.

NERSC, Cray move forward with next-generation scientific computing
The US Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and Cray Inc. announced today that they have finalized a new contract for a Cray XC40 supercomputer that will be the first NERSC system installed in the newly built Computational Research and Theory facility at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Nanotech-enabled moisturizer speeds healing of diabetic skin wounds
A new high-tech but simple ointment applied to the skin may one day help diabetic patients heal stubborn and painful ulcers on their feet, Northwestern University researchers report.

Boosting the malaria battle-line
In a huge boost to the global fight against malaria, researchers have discovered how the malaria parasite protects itself by building resistance against the last-line in antimalarial medications, and how a new medical treatment can overcome the parasite's defenses.

New therapeutic target for a type of colorectal cancer with poor prognosis has been identified
Researchers at the Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques have identified a new way of treating colorectal cancer.

Stem cells that prevent birth defect also repair facial injury
While scientists were investigating the cause of a brain-stifling birth defect, they found a potentially new and better way to heal disfiguring craniofacial injuries in patients of all ages.

Dr. Sandra L. Schmid of UT Southwestern elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Dr. Sandra L. Schmid, chair of the Department of Cell Biology at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has been elected to membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Nature: Low-reflection wings make butterflies nearly invisible
The effect is known from the smart phone: Sun is reflected by the display and hardly anything can be seen.

Notre Dame paper examines the clinical potential of microvesicles
The laboratory of Crislyn D'Souza-Schorey, Morris Pollard Professor and Chair of the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame, has been investigating a unique population of vesicles released from tumor cells.

Iowa State researchers test brain activity to identify cybersecurity threats
In a first-of-its-kind study, Iowa State University researchers tested brain activity to better understand employees who pose a risk to cybersecurity.

More cars -- more traffic jams? Not for ants!
Rather than slowing down, ants speed up in response to a higher density of traffic on their trails, according to new research published in Springer's journal The Science of Nature -- Naturwissenschaften.

Clinical studies show 'CHORI-bar' results in broad scale health improvements
A fruit-based micronutrient and fiber-dense supplement bar (the 'CHORI-bar') conceived by Drs.

To predict disease researchers ask if plant neighbors are relatives
Disease shapes plant communities and determines the outcomes of environmental change, weed invasions and agriculture and forestry management strategies.

Researchers see promise in treatment to reduce incidence of dementia after TBI
Researchers at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging have been attempting to understand the cascade of events following mild head injury that may lead to an increased risk for developing a progressive degenerative brain disease, and their new study, which was published in the current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, shows initial promise for a treatment that might interrupt the process that links the two conditions.

Backyard birds enhance life in urban neighborhoods
How aware are you of the birds that live in your neighborhood?

Humans' ancestors had tentacles
Researcher from the Lomonosov Moscow State University discovered new insights into the appearance of the humans' common ancestor.

Sugar and carbs, not physical inactivity, behind surge in obesity, say experts
Excess sugar and carbs, not physical inactivity, are behind the surge in obesity, say experts in an editorial in the British Journal of Sports Medicine published online today.
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