Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 23, 2015
Extra sleep fixes memory problems in flies with Alzheimer's-like condition
Many studies have linked more sleep to better memory, but new research in fruit flies demonstrates that extra sleep helps the brain overcome catastrophic neurological defects that otherwise would block memory formation, report scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Zeroing in on a silent killer
Researchers have solved the molecular structure of an important regulator for blood pressure in the human body -- which could lead to better treatments for high blood pressure.

Rising antibiotic shortages raise concerns about patient care
Shortages of key antibiotics, including gold-standard therapies and drugs used to treat highly resistant infections, are on the rise, according to a new study of shortages from 2001 to 2013 published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

New approaches to identify and treat suicidal adolescents focus of JCAP special section
Suicide remains the second leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States.

UCSB professor Shuji Nakamura named 2015 Global Energy Prize Laureate
Shuji Nakamura, who won the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics, is named a 2015 Global Energy Prize Laureate.

Study on simulated stroke wins major neurology award
A study performed by Loyola University Medical Center resident neurologists has won a prestigious 2015 Safety and Quality Award from the American Academy of Neurology.

Woolly mammoth genomes offer insight into their history and extinction
Before the world's last woolly mammoth took its final breath, the iconic animals had already suffered from a considerable loss of genetic diversity.

Resilience, not abstinence, may help teens battle online risk
Boosting teenagers' ability to cope with online risks, rather than trying to stop them from using the Internet, may be a more practical and effective strategy for keeping them safe, according to a team of researchers.

VTT test can smell ketosis
VTT has developed a quick, easy-to-use ketosis test for consumers that can detect acetone on exhaled breath.

A silver lining
Scientists use a novel form of nanotechnology to create a positionable silver cluster with DNA-programmed tunable fluorescent color.

Mechanical cloaks of invisibility -- without complicated mathematics
A honeycomb is a very stable structure. A larger hole, however, jeopardizes stability.

Major pathway identified in nerve cell death offers hope for therapies
New research highlights how nerves -- whether harmed by disease or traumatic injury -- start to die, a discovery that unveils novel targets for developing drugs to slow or halt peripheral neuropathies and devastating neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Mountains warming faster, CU-Boulder, other scientists report
An international team of scientists is calling for urgent and temperature patterns in mountain regions after compiling evidence that high elevations could be warming faster than previously thought.

Former Vice President Walter Mondale receives Public Leadership in Neurology Award
The American Academy of Neurology and the American Brain Foundation have announced that Walter F.

Heavy drinking and binge drinking rise sharply in US counties
Today, Americans are more likely to be heavy drinkers and binge drinkers than in recent years due in large part to rising rates of drinking among women, according to a new analysis of county-level drinking patterns in the United States.

Rare mutation causes vitamin A deficiency and eye deformities
Researchers at the University of Michigan and UC Davis have solved a genetic mystery that has afflicted three unrelated families, and possibly others, for generations.

Combination therapy offers new hope for difficult-to-treat patients with chronic hepatitis C
Results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that the use of the fixed-dose combination of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir in combination with ribavirin was well tolerated and demonstrated high sustained virologic response rates 12 weeks post treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection who have decompensated liver disease (cirrhosis) or have undergone liver transplantation.

Cell fusion 'eats up' the 'attractive cell' in flowering plants
Flowering plants naturally know when they need to spare or perish their cells.

Are our fisheries laws working? Just ask about gag grouper
Gag grouper is the 37th stock to be rebuilt since 2000, according to the NOAA Fisheries' 2014 Status of Stocks report.

UGA chemists' synthesis of silicon oxides opens 'new world in a grain of sand'
In an effort that reaches back to the 19th-century laboratories of Europe, a discovery by University of Georgia chemistry researchers establishes new research possibilities for silicon chemistry and the semiconductor industry.

Many European countries ill-prepared to prevent and control the spread of viral hepatitis
Many countries in the World Health Organization European Region are facing limitations in conducting chronic viral hepatitis disease surveillance, assessing the burden of disease and measuring the impact of interventions, according to results revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015.

NOAA, Tulane identify second possible specimen of 'pocket shark' ever found
An extraordinarily rare ocean discovery of an inches-long 'pocket shark' has been made.

Buckley helping lead international schizophrenia research group, edits two books
Dr. Peter F. Buckley, a psychiatrist, expert in schizophrenia, and Dean of the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, is a member of the seven-person Executive Committee charged with planning the future of the International Congress on Schizophrenia Research, the premier global conference on schizophrenia research.

Warming climate may release vast amounts of carbon from long-frozen Arctic soils
While climatologists are carefully watching carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, another group of scientists is exploring a massive storehouse of carbon that has the potential to significantly affect the climate change picture.

Rare mutation causes vitamin A deficiency and eye deformities
Researchers at the University of Michigan and University of California Davis have solved a genetic mystery that has afflicted three unrelated families, and possibly others, for generations.

Shetland pony midge study offers clues to curbing allergies
Shetland ponies' immune response to insect bites is helping scientists understand how people could be prevented from developing allergies.

Looking to fossils to predict tooth evolution in rodents
Fifty million years ago, all rodents had short, stubby molars -- teeth similar to those found in the back of the human mouth, used for grinding food.

Baltimore researcher receives $130,000 for ALS research
A Baltimore researcher will receive $130,000 to continue her research on the most common subtype of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) through the Clinical Research Training Fellowship in ALS, cosponsored by the American Brain Foundation and the ALS Association.

Trial of statin therapy to reduce HIV-associated cardiovascular risk open for enrollment
The first clinical trial to investigate whether treatment with a statin drug can reduce the increased cardiovascular disease risk in people infected with HIV has begun enrolling patients.

Time and age
Entitled 'Time and Age: Time Machines, Relativity and Fossils,' this book authored by Professor Michael Mark Woolfson from University of York, addresses the measurement of time in relation to astronomical time.

CCNY researchers use novel polarization to increase data speeds
As the world's exponentially growing demand for digital data slows the Internet and cell phone communication, City College of New York researchers may have just figured out a new way to increase its speed.

Finding new life for first-line antibiotics
Researchers have identified a single, simple measure -- recovery time -- to guide antibiotic dosing that could bring an entire arsenal of first-line antibiotics back into the fight against drug-resistant pathogens.

Long-term therapy with ETV or TDF demonstrates positive 5-year survival in patients with chronic HBV
Data revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that the long-term use of entecavir or tenofovir results in excellent five-year survival for Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis B, with more than 95 percent of patients surviving at five years and a significant proportion of deaths coming from liver-unrelated causes.

California residents face high levels of discrimination due to psychological stress, study finds
In the first study of its type, researchers found that California residents facing psychological distress do not perceive the public as being supportive and many report facing discrimination for their struggles.

Preliminary results show Civacir prevents recurrence of hepatitis C in liver transplants
New data from an ongoing Phase III trial revealed today at The International Liver Congress 2015 show that the use of hepatitis C immune globulin (HCIG, Civacir) can effectively prevent hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence in patients following a liver transplant (LT).

Heat still on despite warming slowdown
The recent slowdown in the rise of global average air temperatures will make no difference to how much the planet will warm by 2100, a new study has found.

Earth Day: Disease spread among species is predictable
On Earth Day, a study of disease dynamics in a California grassland has revealed fundamental principles underlying the spread of pathogens, or disease-causing microbes, among species.

POSTECH signs MoU with Seoul National University Hospital, Korea's leading medical center
A memorandum of understanding was signed on April 20 between Pohang University of Science and Technology and Seoul National University Hospital as an open innovation initiative to create synergy by combining their respective strengths -- POSTECH's research capacity in life sciences and engineering related fields with SNUH's competence in biomedical science.

Novel regulator inhibits toxic protein aggregates in Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by huntingtin protein aggregates in a patient's brain, but how these aggregates form is not well understood.

Oophorectomy associated with decrease in breast cancer death in women with cancer, BRCA1 mutation
Removal of the ovaries, a procedure known as an oophorectomy, was associated with a 62 percent reduction in breast cancer death in women diagnosed with breast cancer and carrying a BRCA1 gene mutation, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

ORNL reports method that takes quantum sensing to new level
Thermal imaging, microscopy and ultra-trace sensing could take a quantum leap with a technique being developed at ORNL.

Long-term exposure to air pollution may harm your brain
Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked with brain shrinkage.

Long-term exposure to air pollution may pose risk to brain structure, cognitive functions
Air pollution, even at moderate levels, has long been recognized as a factor in raising the risk of stroke.

RegMedNet shines light on use of stem cells as a potential Huntington's disease treatment
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG triplet expansion in the Huntington gene, which causes progressive neuropsychiatric and motor dysfunction and leads to death.

Borderline personality disorder as debilitating as bipolar disorder
The deterioration of psychiatric and physical health caused by borderline personality disorder rivals that of bipolar disorder, according to Mark Zimmerman, M.D., a researcher at Rhode Island Hospital.

Rise in spring allergens linked to increased dry eye cases
New ophthalmology research from the University of Miami shows that dry eye strikes most often in spring, just as airborne allergens are surging.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease shown to affect the development of coronary artery calcification
Data revealed today at The International Liver CongressTM 2015 show that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease plays a role in the early stages of coronary atherosclerosis and in its more severe form it can also promote the development of coronary artery calcification.

Connecting places causes mental maps to merge
Realizing how places connect geographically causes local maps in the brain to join, forming one big map which helps with planning future journeys, finds a new UCL study.

Crime scene discovery -- separating the DNA of identical twins
Since its first use in the 1980s -- a breakthrough dramatized in recent ITV series 'Code of a Killer' -- DNA profiling has been a vital tool for forensic investigators.

Scientists see deeper Yellowstone magma
University of Utah seismologists discovered and made images of a reservoir of hot, partly molten rock 12 to 28 miles beneath the Yellowstone supervolcano, and it is 4.4 times larger than the shallower, long-known magma chamber.

Hepatitis C infection linked to increased risk of heart disease
Results from a new study demonstrate that chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases cost of care and length of time in hospital.

For lower-grade brain blood vessel malformations, surgery has 'excellent clinical outcomes'
Interventional treatments -- especially surgery -- provide good functional outcomes and a high cure rate for patients with lower-grade arteriovenous malformations of the brain, reports the May issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Blacks may not receive same health benefits from moderate alcohol drinking as whites
Although moderate alcohol consumption appears to lower mortality risk among whites, it may not have the same protective effect among blacks, and its potential benefits also may vary by gender, according to a nationally representative study of the US population by researchers at Harvard T.H.

New device shows potential to enhance the viability of donor livers
A new device has demonstrated it has the potential to enhance the viability of donor livers for transplantation.

Improving accuracy in genome editing
A team of scientists has developed an engineered form of the genome-editing protein Cas9 that can be controlled by a small molecule and offers improved DNA specificity.

Alginate-enriched bread shown to reduce fat digestion and absorption in patients with NAFLD
A study revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 has demonstrated that alginate-enriched bread has the potential to inhibit fat digestion and circulatory lipids in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

In search of tinnitus, that phantom ringing in the ears
About one in five people experience tinnitus, the perception of a sound -- often described as ringing -- that isn't really there.

Mortality risks of cigar smoking similar to that of cigarette smoking
Cigar smoking is associated with many of the same fatal conditions as cigarette smoking, according to research published in open-access journal BMC Public Health.

Baltimore researcher receives $260,000 for multiple sclerosis research
A Baltimore researcher will receive $260,000 to continue his investigation into multiple sclerosis (MS) -- a disease in which the immune system attacks the brain and leads to inflammation, disrupting the flow of information between the brain and the body -- through the Clinical Research Training Fellowship in MS, cosponsored by the American Brain Foundation and the National MS Society.

The Achilles' heel of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
New research reveals that antibiotic resistant bacteria may have an Achilles' heel, a time window when the bacteria are sensitive to antibiotic treatment.

Thawing permafrost feeds climate change
Assistant Professor of Oceanography Robert Spencer writes in Geophysical Research Letters that single-cell organisms called microbes are rapidly devouring the ancient carbon being released from thawing permafrost soil and ultimately releasing it back into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide.

Genome editing in mitochondria prevents inheritance of diseases
Mitochondrial diseases are maternally inherited genetic disorders that cause a wide spectrum of debilitating conditions and which currently have no cure.

Global expansion of hepatitis vaccination needed to progress hepatitis B elimination
Results revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 demonstrate current treatment and prevention programs need to be scaled up in order to make elimination of hepatitis B virus possible.

Expert panels successfully rate medical research proposals
Boston University and Harvard economists have published an extensive analysis of NIH grants in the journal Science that shows a high correlation between how projects are rated by peer review and the quality of the resulting research.

Classroom acoustics for architects
The Acoustical Society of America (ASA) has published a free online booklet for architects to aid in the application of ANSI/ASA S12.60-2010/Part 1-American National Standard Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements, and Guidelines for Schools, Part 1, the national classroom acoustics standard that applies to K-12 classrooms.

New survey shows that half of people with hepatitis suffer from discrimination
As many as half of people infected with viral hepatitis have suffered discrimination and one-quarter admit that family members have avoided physical contact with them after finding out they had the infection.

Scientists create the sensation of invisibility
In a study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet, a team of neuroscientists now reports a perceptual illusion of having an invisible body, and show that the feeling of invisibility changes our physical stress response in challenging social situations.

Can a parent's concerns predict autism?
New research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry shows that many parents notice signs of autism spectrum disorder in their infant children far before an official diagnosis.

Boiling down viscous flow
A simplified model predicts patterns that form from honey-like fluids.

Yale-based Journal of Industrial Ecology awards first-ever 'Graedel Prize'
The new Graedel Prize honors the best papers by a junior and senior author published in the Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Making waves with robotic ultrasound between New York and Chicago
A new clinical trial is testing the feasibility and efficiency of a doctor in New York City remotely performing long-distance, tele-robotic ultrasound exams over the Internet on patients in Chicago.

Gene-editing technique offers hope for hereditary diseases
Salk scientists use molecular 'scissors' to eliminate mitochondrial mutations in eggs and embryos.

Scientists pinpoint brain-swelling mechanism
A team of UBC researchers has made a significant discovery uncovering the cause of brain swelling after trauma to the head.

Scientists use nanoscale building blocks and DNA 'glue' to shape 3-D superlattices
Taking child's play with building blocks to a whole new level-the nanometer scale-scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have constructed 3-D 'superlattice' multicomponent nanoparticle arrays where the arrangement of particles is driven by the shape of the tiny building blocks.

Whooping cough: A small drop in vaccine protection can lead to a case upsurge
In 2012 the USA saw the highest number of pertussis -- whooping cough -- cases since 1955.

Retina researcher from Dresden receives EYEnovative award for the second time
Dr. Mike O. Karl, group leader at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the DFG Research Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden -- Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, was awarded the 'EYEnovative Förderpreis' of the Novartis Pharma GmbH already for the second time.

Cures and curcumin -- turmeric offers potential therapy for oral cancers
Curcumin, an antioxidant found in the common spice turmeric, has been found to limit the activity of human papillomavirus in oral cancer cells.

Massachusetts researcher receives $130,000 for non-epileptic seizure research
A Massachusetts researcher will receive $130,000 to continue his investigation into psychogenic non-epileptic seizures through the Practice Research Training Fellowship, cosponsored by the American Academy of Neurology and the American Brain Foundation.

What does the public think about paying people to donate their organs?
Members of the public in Australia considered reimbursement and justifiable recompensation of costs related to organ donation to be legitimate ways of supporting living donors.

Researchers add a new wrinkle to cell culture
Using a technique that introduces tiny wrinkles into sheets of graphene, researchers from Brown University have developed new textured surfaces for culturing cells in the lab that better mimic the complex surroundings in which cells grow in the body.

Herbal remedy derived from milk thistle demonstrates efficacy in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Results from a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of silymarin, which is derived from the milk thistle plant, have shown that this herbal remedy may be a useful treatment option for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

'Humanized' mice will lead to better testing of cancer immunotherapies
New model reported in Oncogene, XactMice, uses human blood stem cells to grow a 'humanized' mouse immune system prior to tumor transplantation, allowing anti-cancer therapies to be tested in a much more human-like environment.

Brain tumor growth stimulated by nerve activity in the cortex, Stanford study finds
Deadly brain tumors called high-grade gliomas grow with the help of nerve activity in the cerebral cortex, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Chili peppers hold promise of preventing liver damage and progression
Results revealed today at the International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that the daily consumption of capsaicin, the active compound of chili peppers, was found to have beneficial effects on liver damage.

How 'time is money' thinking can hurt the environment: UBC research
Thinking 'time is money' can be a barrier for people to act in environmentally friendly ways, even for tasks like recycling that take mere seconds, according to UBC research.

Regenerative agriculture for more fertile pastures with greater plant biodiversity
The European project LIFE REGEN FARMING, led by the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development NEIKER-Tecnalia, is seeking to produce healthier, more fertile pastures that offer greater plant biodiversity.

World's leading heart failure congress receives record abstract submissions
A record number of abstracts have been submitted to the world's leading heart failure congress, promising more original science than ever before.

Reporting Agatston scores with chest CT leads to cardiovascular risk reclassification
The assessed risk of more than 65 percent of patients without established cardiovascular disease who were evaluated for coronary artery calcification via ungated chest CT was reclassified after undergoing Agatston-scored ungated CT scans.

New strategy for mapping regulatory networks associated with multi-gene diseases
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have applied a powerful tool in a new way to characterize genetic variants associated with human disease.

Los Angeles researcher receives $154,000 for stroke research
A Los Angeles researcher is receiving $154,000 to continue his research aimed at developing a blood test for diagnosing stroke through the Lawrence M.

Small victims of galactic threesomes can run away
Using publicly available astronomical observational data, Russian astronomers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University revealed, how entire galaxies could be thrown away from their homes.

The Lancet: Scientists announce final trial results of the world's most advanced malaria vaccine
The first malaria vaccine candidate (RTS,S/AS01) to reach phase 3 clinical testing is partially effective against clinical disease in young African children up to four years after vaccination, according to final trial data, published in The Lancet.

The creation of Shangri-La
Geoscientists are using a new simulation to condense a period lasting millions of years to explain the formation of the high-lying valleys in the south-eastern end of the Tibetan Plateau: the true Shangri-La.

Eligible for breast conserving therapy, many still choose mastectomy
New research led by Brigham and Women's Hospital finds that breast conserving therapy -- or the removal of less breast tissue via a lumpectomy -- was successful in more than 90 percent of patients with triple-negative breast cancer who became eligible for this procedure after treatment with chemotherapy.

How experience may lead to misperception
Distance, volume, brightness or duration -- when judging magnitudes, we make systematic errors.

Major depression leaves a metabolic mark
Major depression comes with an unexpected metabolic signature, according to new evidence reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 23.

Reducing school bus pollution improves children's health
Use of clean fuels and updated pollution control measures in the school buses 25 million children ride every day could result in 14 million fewer absences from school a year, based on a study by the University of Michigan and the University of Washington.

When is a child too sick for daycare? Study explores parents' decision-making
It's a common dilemma faced by many working parents: your child has a cough or a cold, do you send them to nursery?

Bumblebee genomes give insights into threats to pollinators
The first full genome sequences of two bumblebee species are published this week in the open-access journal Genome Biology.

All-oral, DAA options for HCV effective and well tolerated in patients with decompensated cirrhosis
Interim data presented today at The International Liver CongressTM 2015 from the HCV-TARGET study show that all-oral, direct-acting antiviral therapy for hepatitis C is well tolerated and highly effective in patients with decompensated cirrhosis.

Popular images of journalists have changed little over a century, says a new book
If you think reporters are scoundrels, you might point to popular culture.

Celestial fireworks celebrate Hubble's 25th anniversary
The glittering tapestry of young stars flaring to life in this new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image aptly resembles an exploding shell in a fireworks display.

The 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake -- felt from space
For the first time, a natural source of infrasonic waves of Earth has been measured directly from space -- 450 kilometers above the planet's surface.

Hundreds of cancer possibilities arise from common skin mole mutation
A team of international scientists has identified hundreds of possible new genes in mice that could transform benign skin growths into deadly melanomas.

X-ray study may aid in designing better blood pressure drugs
An experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has revealed in atomic detail how a hypertension drug binds to a cellular receptor that plays a key role in regulating blood pressure.

Daclatasvir-sofosbuvir combination highly effective and well tolerated in patients with hepatitis C
Phase III results revealed today at the International Liver Congress 2015 show that once-daily treatment with daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir resulted in an overall 97 percent sustained virologic response at 12 weeks post-treatment in patients with hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection, including cirrhotic patients.

The ISSCR has responded to the publication of gene editing research in human embryos
In response to an article published by Chinese scientists describing research that used gene editing technologies in human embryos, the International Society for Stem Cell Research has again called for a moratorium on attempts at human clinical germline genome editing while extensive scientific analysis of the potential risks is conducted, along with broad public discussion of the societal and ethical implications.

Link between proteins points to possibilities for future Alzheimer's treatments
Researchers have identified how proteins that play a key role in Alzheimer's disease are linked in a pathway that controls its progression, and that drugs targeting this pathway may be a potential new way of treating the disease.

Delaying treatment for hepatitis C puts patients' lives at risk
Data revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 highlights the impact of delaying treatment for the hepatitis C virus.

Human tape worm drug shows promise against MRSA in lab
Researchers based at Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital show in a new study that a drug already approved to fight tapeworms in people, effectively treated MRSA superbugs in lab cultures and in infected nematode worms.

Going with the flow?
Soil scientists have struggled with accurately measuring water flow through soil for years.

Ultra-sensitive sensor detects individual electrons
A Spanish-led team of European researchers at the University of Cambridge has created an electronic device so accurate that it can detect the charge of a single electron in less than one microsecond.

How oil damages fish hearts: Five years of research since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Scientists have shown that toxic compounds in oil target the still-forming hearts of larval fish, leading to developmental defects and reduced survival.

The Lancet Infectious Diseases: 3.5 million extra untreated cases of malaria
As many as 10,900 extra malaria deaths may have occurred in 2014 due to the disruption of healthcare services in the three countries in west Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks -- Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia -- with a further 3,900 deaths resulting from the interruption of insecticide treated net delivery, according to new modelling research published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.

Weight loss is associated with improvements in histological features of NASH
New data presented today at The International Liver CongressTM 2015 show that the intensity of weight loss induced by lifestyle changes is strongly linked with the grade of improvement of various histological features of NASH.

OU and Nanowave Technologies enter into research agreement
The University of Oklahoma and Nanowave Technologies Inc. have entered into a research agreement that builds on an existing relationship with the Advanced Radar Research Center, located within the state-of-the-art Radar Innovations Laboratory on the University Research Campus.

Astronomers find runaway galaxies
We know of about two dozen runaway stars, and have even found one runaway star cluster escaping its galaxy forever.

Fragile X syndrome: Building a case for an alternative treatment strategy
New results suggest that a drug strategy targeting PI3 kinase could improve learning and behavioral flexibility in people with fragile X syndrome.

Novel mechanism for Crohn's disease uncovered
Crohn's disease is one of a family of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases.

Picture this: Graphene brings 3-D holograms clearer and closer
From mobile phones and computers to television, cinema and wearable devices, the display of full-color, wide-angle, 3-D holographic images is moving ever closer to fruition, thanks to international research featuring Griffith University.

Why do animals fight members of other species?
Why do animals fight with members of other species? A nine-year study by UCLA biologists says the reason often has to do with 'obtaining priority access to females' in the area.

Genetics provides new clues about lionfish invasion
New genetic data suggest the red lionfish invasion in the Caribbean Basin and Western Atlantic started in multiple locations, not just one as previously believed, according to a new study led by the US Geological Survey.

How does the brain keep track of time?
Time is represented by a slow wave of sequential activity across neurons within a specific brain area in rats, say researchers at Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisbon.

World Happiness Report ranks Canada fifth happiest country in the world
The 2015 World Happiness Report, published today, ranks Canada fifth for subjective well-being among 158 countries worldwide.

Catalina Island's slow sink -- and potential tsunami hazard
New images of ancient, underwater beach terraces around Santa Catalina Island suggest that the island is sinking, probably as a result of changes in the active fault systems around the island.

A focus on flight
A new study shows birds use two highly stereotyped postures to avoid obstacles in flight.

Reducing big data using ideas from quantum theory makes it easier to interpret
A new technique of visualizing the complicated relationships between anything from Facebook users to proteins in a cell via countries' importing and exporting food provides a simpler and cheaper method of making sense of large volumes of data.

Better beer chemistry: It's all about the yeast (video)
Every beer brewer is locked into a high-maintenance relationship with yeast -- those finicky, alcohol-creating microorganisms.

Bold crickets have a shorter life
Differences in personality influence survival in field crickets.

Demanding jobs may extend survival in some with young-onset dementia
A more intellectually demanding job may be the key to living longer after developing young-onset dementia, according to health researchers.

JRC wins competition on indoor localization
A team of JRC researchers outperformed 27 teams from academia and industry across the globe and achieved best overall result at a competition on indoor localization in Seattle, USA.

Fast and accurate 3-D imaging technique to track optically trapped particles
Professor YongKeun Park and his research team in the Department of Physics at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology employed an optical diffraction tomography technique to measure 3-D positions of optically-trapped particles in high speed.

An end to cancer pain?
A new study led by University of Toronto researcher Dr.

Dartmouth researchers find possible universal code of protein structure
A Dartmouth College study finds there may be a universal code to predict protein structure, which could help to determine why certain mutations cause disease and how to fix them.

Novel immunotherapeutic, TG1050, shows early signs of potential for chronic hepatitis B cure
A novel immunotherapeutic in early development for chronic hepatitis B (CHB), TG1050, has been shown to reach the clinical goals that are considered to be the hallmarks of a cure for CHB, according to results revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015.

Many Dry Tortugas loggerheads actually Bahamas residents
Many loggerhead sea turtles that nest in Dry Tortugas National Park head to rich feeding sites in the Bahamas after nesting, a discovery that may help those working to protect this threatened species.

Multi-million EU project to protect data against quantum computers
Quantum-proof cryptosystems need to be in place before big quantum computers become a reality, which is expected some time after 2025.

BPA risk to newborns may be smaller than previously believed
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers say that while a large majority of newborns are exposed in their earliest days to bisphenol A, a much-studied chemical used in plastics and in food and soda can linings, they can chemically alter and rid their bodies of it.

Enhancing earthquake early warning in the Pacific Northwest
Earthquake early warning (EEW) systems depend on speed and accuracy in delivering seismic monitoring data to areas at risk from a quake or volcanic eruption.

Penn study identifies molecular link between DNA damage and premature aging
University of Pennsylvania researchers found that inactivating interferon signaling in a mouse model of progeria, or premature aging, extended the animals' lives.

Elsevier announces the launch of multidisciplinary open-access journal: One Health
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the launch of a new open-access journal: One Health.

UTMB investigates use of oxygen therapy among COPD patients
A new study about the use of oxygen to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston found that the majority of patients receiving oxygen therapy were low-income, non-Hispanic white females about 75 years old with two or more other health conditions.

Pseudoparticles travel through photoactive material
Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have unveiled an important step in the conversion of light into storable energy: together with scientists of the Fritz Haber Institute in Berlin and the Aalto University in Helsinki, Finland, they studied the formation of so-called polarons in zinc oxide.

Fat finding
A study by researchers in Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS) has shown a new way that brown fat, a potential obesity-fighting target, is regulated in the body.

The past, present and future of pancreatic cancer research and treatment
Oncologists at the CNIO and the Huntsman Cancer Institute reviewed close to 200 scientific articles about this type of tumor that have been published over the past 30 years.

Study describes brain circuitry for selecting among sensations
In Neuron, Brown University neuroscientists show how cells in the brain's cortex can either stifle or enhance sensory information incoming from the thalamus, thereby allowing it to focus on just some of the many sensory inputs it might choose to consider.

Baclofen shows promise in patients with alcohol-induced liver disease
Results revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015, show that in patients with alcohol-induced liver disease, Baclofen has a positive impact on alcohol consumption and overall measures of liver function and harm.

Significant increase in major depression reported during recent recession
The recent Great Recession was accompanied by a significant and sustained increase in major depression in US adults, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Alternative providers of GP services perform worse than traditional practices
A new study published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine has found that alternative providers of primary care in the NHS, including private sector companies, do not perform as well as traditional GP practices.

Pooled analysis confirms vitamin E as a treatment for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Results revealed today at The International Liver Congress 2015 show that vitamin E (d-alpha-tocopherol) is an effective treatment for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Is a small artificially composed virus fragment the key to a Chikungunya vaccine?
The mosquito transmitted Chikungunya virus, which causes Chikungunya fever, is spreading continuously.

Genomic analyses point to the potential of personalised care for liver cancer patients
A new study presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 shows that by using genomic analyses to understand how and when carcinogenic mutations occur in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, it is possible to identify specific molecular profiles.

Fat signals control energy levels in the brain
An enzyme secreted by the body's fat tissue controls energy levels in the brain, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Evolution of stem cells traced in study of fossilized rodent teeth
By studying fossilized teeth from thousands of extinct rodent species, UC San Francisco and University of Helsinki scientists have shown how fundamental evolutionary mechanisms drive the emergence of novel mammalian stem cells.

New gel medication breakthrough delays release of drug to benefit the patient
Gellan gum pharmaceutical development both delays drug release for maximum effect and can be administered as fluid to aid those who have difficulty swallowing pills.

Historian's tale of colonial Illinois about collaboration rather than conquest
Illinois has an early colonial history that's easily forgotten, or boiled down to just the explorers Marquette and Jolliet and a few French fur traders.

University of Oregon team glimpses how the brain transforms sound
When people hear the sound of footsteps or the drilling of a woodpecker, the rhythmic structure of the sounds is striking, says Michael Wehr of the University of Oregon.

Washington, D.C., researcher receives $130,000 for pediatric epilepsy research
A Washington, D.C., researcher will receive $130,000 to continue her investigation into Mapping Memory in Pediatric Epilepsy through the Susan S.

Revolutionary discovery leads to invention of new 'building blocks'
Taking a revolutionary 'building blocks' approach, a research team led by Stephen Z.D.

All-oral, direct-acting antivirals show promise for hep C and HIV co-infected, cirrhotic patients
A new study revealed today at The International Liver CongressTM 2015 shows that sofosbuvir (SOF)-based regimens are effective and well tolerated in hepatitis C and HIV co-infected, cirrhotic patients.

Map shows content and origins of the nation's geologic basement
This map provides a picture of the nation's geologic basement.

Exploring treatment options for women with fibroids
A 47-year-old African-American woman has heavy menstrual bleeding and iron-deficiency anemia.

Can sound help us detect 'earthquakes' on Venus?
Detecting an 'earthquake' on Venus would seem to be an impossible task.

Study: Photosynthesis has unique isotopic signature
Photosynthesis leaves behind a unique calling card, a chemical signature that is spelled out with stable oxygen isotopes, according to a new study in Science.

Dolphins use extra energy to communicate in noisy waters
Dolphins that raise their voices to be heard in noisy environments expend extra energy in doing so, according to new research that for the first time measures the biological costs to marine mammals of trying to communicate over the sounds of ship traffic or other sources.

Industrial virtual factory lowers costs and reduces emissions
In collaboration with European companies and research institutes, VTT has developed a cloud-based, easily customized, modular software platform for improving the sustainability performance of industrial products by lowering production costs and reducing emissions.

An improvement to the global software standard for analyzing fusion plasmas
PPPL has updated the worldwide computer program known as TRANSP to better simulate the interaction between energetic particles and instabilities in fusion plasmas.

Chance and circumstance tip immune control of cancer
A team of Northwestern University researchers developed a new computational model that elucidates the dynamic interplay between cancer and the immune system.

New grant supports care model targeting unnecessary hospitalizations of older adults
Approximately 1.4 million older adults in America live in nursing homes.

Investigational anti-diabetic may offer potential for management of non-alcoholic fatty liver
Data presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 demonstrates that remogliflozin etabonate, an investigational drug in type 2 diabetes, is a potential treatment option for the management of patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Diabetes drug shows promise in the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
A drug approved to treat type 2 diabetes could prove to be a powerful new treatment option for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, according to research presented today at the International Liver Congress 2015.

Taming polluters: Ratings have spillover effects, leading to reduced toxic emissions
Peer pressure is a key factor in prompting companies to reduce pollution.
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