Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 25, 2015
Giving books to kids before summer break can stem reading losses
A new study to be presented on Saturday, April 25, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego, shows that giving students books at the end of the school year can help stem losses in reading skills.

Use of direct-antiviral agents helps overcome hepatitis C recurrence in liver transplant patients
New data presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015, supports the use of sofosbuvir (SOF)- and daclatasvir (DCV)-based regimens in patients with recurrence of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) following liver transplantation (LT).

Cell phones take parents' attention away from kids on playgrounds
Parents who take their kids to the playground may be tempted to pull out their cell phone to send a quick text or check Facebook.

Use of pocket-sized ultrasound device reduces need for further testing in clinical settings
Results from a study presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 demonstrate that the use of a pocket-sized ultrasound device helps to reduce the need for further testing in both the inpatient and outpatient setting.

'Summer slide' reduced by letting kids pick their own summer reading
At the end of the school year, districts often send stacks of books home with their students in the hopes of combating the 'summer slide,' the literacy loss experienced during the long break that hits low-income students particularly hard.

Researchers highlight need for better evidence to guide EU efforts to increase hep B+C testing
The apparent dearth of research on hepatitis B and C testing in many European countries could be hampering efforts to identify infected individuals, according to results from a comprehensive review of 136 studies presented today at The International Liver CongressTM 2015.

Two treatments yield similar results for children after cardiac arrest
A large-scale, multicenter study has shown that emergency body cooling does not improve survival rates or reduce brain injury in infants and children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest more than normal temperature control.

DCV, SOF, and RBV combination effective/tolerated in HCV with advanced cirrhosis, post-transplant recurrence
Phase 3 results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that a combination of daclatasvir (DCV), sofosbuvir (SOF) and ribavirin (RBV) for 12 weeks was effective and well tolerated amongst patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with advanced cirrhosis and post-transplant recurrence.

Therapeutic hypothermia provides little benefit to pediatric cardiac arrest patients, says Cohen Chi
A new, randomized clinical study co-authored by Cohen Children's Medical Center's chair of pediatrics says there is little neurological benefit to using therapeutic hypothermia to lower a child's core temperature after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

How hospitals can improve outcomes of weekend surgeries
Studies have shown that patients who undergo surgeries on weekends tend to experience longer hospital stays and higher mortality rates and readmissions.

Drinking just 1 or 2 alcoholic drinks a day linked to liver disease
According to the World Health Organization, excessive alcohol drinking is the most common cause of cirrhosis worldwide.

Babies as young as 6 months using mobile media
More than one-third of babies are tapping on smartphones and tablets even before they learn to walk or talk, and by one year of age, one in seven toddlers is using devices for at least an hour a day, according to a study to be presented Saturday, April 25, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego.

Sofosbuvir/daclatasvir combination effective treatment for difficult-to-treat hep C patients
Results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that the sofosbuvir (SOF)/daclatasvir (DCV) treatment combination is effective amongst hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype-1 mono-infected patients.

Alcohol use disorders -- stronger predictor of mortality than chronic hepatitis C virus infection
Results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015, show that alcohol use disorders (AUD) have a serious, negative prognostic outcome with higher mortality risks in the general population and patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in particular.

Youths who survive self-poisoning continue to be at risk of suicide for years
Teenagers who are hospitalized after intentionally poisoning themselves are at a significantly increased risk of dying by suicide in the following decade, according to a study to be presented Saturday, April 25, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego, and published at the same time in The Lancet Psychiatry.

State laws dampen texting by teen drivers but rates still high
State laws banning texting while driving led to significant reductions in the number of teens using their cell phones while behind the wheel, but nearly one-third still admitted to engaging in this risky behavior, according to new research to be presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego.

Magazine, Internet images fail to promote infant sleep safety
Images of infants sleeping in unsafe environments are pervasive in women's magazines and on stock photo websites, which could create confusion among parents and put babies at risk, according to a study to be presented Saturday, April 25 at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego.

Preliminary safety findings: IFN-free DAA combination in chronic HCV patients
Preliminary data from an ongoing study revealed today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 suggest that a combination of three direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) is well tolerated in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease when used either with or without ribavirin.

Hepatitis C screening essential to help catch patients with advanced liver fibrosis
Study results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 show that the occurrence of advanced liver fibrosis is similar for patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), whether or not they have been diagnosed.

High radiotherapy dose improves prospects for children with brain cancer
Two studies to be presented at the 3rd ESTRO Forum in Barcelona, Spain, show that increasing the dose of radiotherapy given to children with an intracranial ependymoma, a form of cancer of the central nervous system, can significantly improve their survival.

Sofosbuvir + peginterferon/ribavirin demonstrates virologic response rates in G3 hep C patients
Results presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 demonstrate that hepatitis C (HCV)-infected genotype-3 (GT-3) patients, with and without cirrhosis, receiving 24 weeks of sofosbuvir (SOF) in combination with ribavirin (RBV) and peginterferon (PEG) achieved the highest sustained virologic response rates at 12 weeks (SVR12), observed in a Phase 3 study, to date.

MRI shows association between reading to young children and brain activity
There is evidence that reading to young children is in fact associated with differences in brain activity supporting early reading skills.

Brachytherapy improves survival for inoperable early stage endometrial cancer
Women who have early stage endometrial cancer and are inoperable tend to live longer if they have been treated with brachytherapy with or without external beam radiation, according to new research to be presented at the 3rd ESTRO Forum in Barcelona, Spain.
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