Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 30, 2015
Palaeontology: Unique fish fossils identified
A team of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich has identified the first fossil specimens of a major group of killifishes that is widely distributed in freshwater habitats today.

Even casual walking for an extra 2 minutes each hour may help prolong life
In an observational study that followed participants for an average of just under three years, a 'trade-off' of sedentary activity with low-intensity activity was not beneficial, but a trade-off of two minutes/hour of sedentary activity with an equal amount of light-intensity activity was associated with 33 percent lower risk of dying in the general population and a 41 percent lower risk of dying in the individuals with chronic kidney disease.

Are we speaking the same language when it comes to aging? New report seeks answer
A new report from an eight-member expert collaborative, Leaders of Aging Organizations (LAO), and the FrameWorks Institute proposes to reclaim the social narrative on what aging really means by building better perceptual connections between health care experts, advocates, and the thousands of Americans who turn 65 every day.

Zooming in
Project 8 collaborators have been able to detect emissions from a single electron using a tabletop instrument.

Tropical marine ecosystems most at threat from human impact
An international team of scientists has used the fossil record during the past 23 million years to predict which marine animals and ecosystems are at greatest risk of extinction from human impact.

NASA contributes to first global review of Arctic marine mammals
A recently published multinational study attempted to gauge the population trends of Arctic marine mammals and changes in their habitat, identify missing scientific information, and provide recommendations for the conservation of Arctic marine mammals over the next decades.

Wild bearded capuchin monkeys really know how to crack a nut
When it comes to cracking nuts, wild bearded capuchin monkeys are more skilled than anyone had given them credit for, according to researchers who report new findings in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 30.

Online voting a step closer thanks to breakthrough in security technology
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a technique to allow people to cast their election vote online -- even if their home computers are suspected of being infected with viruses.

Touch sensors on bat wings guide flight
Although the role of echolocation in bats' impressive midair maneuvering has been extensively studied, the contribution of touch has been largely overlooked.

Fossils help identify marine life at high risk of extinction today
A study of marine animals that went extinct over the past 23 million years found commonalities that can tell biologists which taxa and ecosystems are most at risk of extinction today.

Commercial out-of-hours care providers score on average lower with patients
The team found less positive average patient experiences for some provider organization types, comparing commercial providers and NHS providers with not-for-profit providers.

Evolution: The secrets of the brachiopod shell
Researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have carried out the first detailed study of the molecular mechanisms responsible for formation of the brachiopod shell.

Desirable defects
Introducing flaws into liquid crystals by inserting microspheres and then controlling them with electrical fields: that, in a nutshell, is the rationale behind a method that could be exploited for a new generation of advanced materials, potentially useful for optical technologies, electronic displays and e-readers.

Big Data reveals classical music creation secrets
Scientists have shed light on the dynamics of the creation, collaboration and dissemination processes involved in classical music works and styles.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Quang develop an eye
Tropical Cyclone Quang strengthened during the early morning hours of April 30, Eastern Daylight Time/US, and developed an eye.

Fat grafting for butt augmentation -- combined technique gives good results
Have you ever dreamed of taking fat from one area where you had a little too much, and transferring to somewhere you wanted a little more?

F1000Research to publish new ISCB Community Journal online
The International Society for Computational Biology and F1000Research are pleased to announce the formation of an innovative partnership to produce the ISCB Community Journal -- a new, dedicated, digital channel on the F1000Research publishing platform.

Busy Americans can reap health benefits by balancing protein intake throughout the day
University of Missouri researcher Heather Leidy and her colleagues conducted a review of the current scientific literature on protein consumption and found that a moderate increase in protein consumption at each meal, balanced throughout the day, can lead to significant improvements.

Light -- not pain-killing drugs -- used to activate brain's opioid receptors
Washington University School of Medicine neuroscientists have attached the light-sensing protein rhodopsin to opioid receptor parts to activate the receptor pathways using light from a laser fiber-optic device.

Study results promising for hepatitis C patients awaiting or completing liver transplant
Hepatitis C patients who are awaiting a liver transplant or have completed one are a difficult group to cure because hepatitis C can come back after transplant.

Boosting the ability of the urinary tract to fight infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, and wide-spread antibiotic resistance has led to urgent calls for new ways to combat these infections.

Agenda available for TVT 2015
TVT 2015 is a three-day course featuring the latest research and state-of-the-art techniques for transcatheter, aortic, and mitral valve therapies.

Paul G. Allen Family Foundation awards $7.5 million to study brain cell growth and development
The Paul G. Allen Family Foundation announced today the award of Allen Distinguished Investigator grants to six groups of researchers with projects at the frontier of one of the most challenging roadblocks in neuroscience: growing mature human brain cells in the laboratory.

Dull forest glow yields orbital tracking of photosynthesis
New research provides some crucial ground truth for a method of measuring plant photosynthesis on a global scale from orbit.

Brain scan reveals out-of-body illusion
In a new study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet, neuroscientists created an out-of-body illusion in participants placed inside a brain scanner.

Protein in metabolic reprogramming restrains senescent cells from becoming cancerous
In recent years, research has shown that cancerous cells have a different metabolism -- essential chemical and nutritional changes needed for supporting the unlimited growth observed in cancer- than normal cells.

Rehab robot HARMONY introduced by UT Austin engineers
Mechanical engineering researcher Ashish Deshpande and a team of graduate students from the Rehabilitation and Neuromuscular (ReNeu) Robotics Lab designed the exoskeleton, named HARMONY, to deliver full upper-body therapy with natural motion and tunable pressure and force, enabling the robot to feel weightless to patients.

Fossils inform marine conservation
Fossils help predict which animals are likely to go extinct.

Walking an extra two minutes each hour may offset hazards of sitting too long
A new study suggests that engaging in low intensity activities such as standing may not be enough to offset the health hazards of sitting for long periods of time.

Large new study of phthalate exposure and breast cancer risk
Epidemiologist Katherine Reeves at UMass Amherst is leading the largest study to date investigating a possible relationship between phthalate exposure and breast cancer risk with a three-year, $1.5 million grant from NIEHS.

UC3M creates tool for monitoring brands on Twitter
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has developed a monitoring tool with which brands can test the effects of their strategies on social networks.

How some beetles produce a scalding defensive spray
A study shows how bombardier beetles produce a defensive chemical jet.

Buyers with a trade-in get a raw deal
New research from USC Marshall School of Business shows that a consumer with a trade-in actually forks over more money to the dealer than consumers without a trade-in.

Elsevier announces the launch of Journal of Commodity Markets
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal, Journal of Commodity Markets.

California's 4.8 million low-wage workers now earn less than in 1979
Over the past 35 years, California's high-wage workers have seen steady increases in their paychecks.

Patented compound kills various human pathogenic fungi, may improve human health
Kansas State University has received a patent for a simple chemical compound that kills several major fungi that affect human health.

Texas Biomed receives NIH grant to study papillomavirus-based AIDS vaccine
Scientists at Texas Biomedical Research Institute have begun work on a study to create an attenuated, or weakened, virus that is a hybrid of the papilloma virus and the human immunodeficiency virus, with the potential to jumpstart a body's immune response to develop antibodies against both viruses.

Elizabeth Kovacs, Ph.D., receives AAI Distinguished Service Award
Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine scientist Elizabeth J.

Short-term debt and depressive symptoms may go hand-in-hand
Results to be published in the Journal of Family and Economic Issues suggest that having short-term household debt -- credit cards and overdue bills -- increases depressive symptoms.

Rupture along the Himalayan Front
In their article for Lithosphere on 12 March, authors Kristin Morell and colleagues write, 'The ∼700-km-long 'central seismic gap' is the most prominent segment of the Himalayan front not to have ruptured in a major earthquake during the last 200-500 years.

IU researcher looks to Internet as new frontier in collecting data on the mind
With Apple's launch of new health tracking tools for the iPhone and medical researchers' forays into Facebook to recruit clinical trial volunteers, Web and mobile apps are increasingly seen as a new source for health data.

Vitamin D toxicity rare in people who take supplements, Mayo Clinic researchers report
Over the last decade, numerous studies have shown that many Americans have low vitamin D levels and as a result, vitamin D supplement use has climbed in recent years.

New method enables drug target validation for COPD treatment
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München have succeeded in testing the effectiveness of new approaches for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on ex vivo 3-D human lung tissue cultures.

Spinal cord axon injury location determines neuron's regenerative fate
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report a previously unappreciated phenomenon in which the location of injury to a neuron's communication wire in the spinal cord -- the axon -- determines whether the neuron simply stabilizes or attempts to regenerate.

CU Anschutz College of Nursing receives funding to reduce veteran suicides
The College of Nursing at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus received funding this week for a new program designed to reduce the growing incidence of suicide among American military veterans.

Increase in types and brands of same food items could contribute to overconsumption
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have found that people who eat different types and brands of commonly available food items, such as pizza, are more likely to overeat than people who tend to consume the same brand.

GHIT Fund boosts anti-malarial drug research at Griffith University
At Griffith University's world-leading Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery, support from the powerful Global Health Innovative Technology Fund is helping Professor Vicky Avery and her team in the fight against malaria.

A new cellular response to radiation exposure: Must we reconsider the risks of low doses?
Almost the entire human genome is transcribed into RNA, but only a fraction of this is actually used to produce protein.

Chapman University research on the yoga market from 1980 to the present
Researchers in Chapman University's Argyros School of Business and Economics and their collaborators have just published a study on the evolution of yoga in the marketplace.

Quantum mechanical helium trio
A quantum state predicted by the Russian theoretician Vitaly Efimov 40 years ago has been discovered by physicists of the Goethe University in a molecule consisting of three helium atoms.

New origin theory for cells that gave rise to vertebrates
Zebras' vivid pigmentation and the fight or flight instinct. These and other features of the world's vertebrates stem from neural crest cells, but little is known about their origin.

Compact synchrotron makes tumors visible
Soft tissue disorders like tumors are very difficult to recognize using normal X-ray machines.

Listening for whales and fish in the Northwest Atlantic ocean
Scientists are using a variety of buoys and autonomous underwater vehicles to record and archive sounds from marine mammals and fish species in the western North Atlantic through a new listening network known as the US Northeast Passive Acoustic Sensing Network (NEPAN).

Quantum-mechanical monopoles discovered
Researchers at Aalto University and Amherst College have observed a point-like monopole in a quantum field itself for the first time.

Scientists discover key driver of human aging
Salk Institute findings on premature aging syndrome could lead to way of slowing or reversing the aging process.

Waking proteins up from deep sleep to study their motions
In order to carry out their functions, proteins need to move.

Meet the beetle that packs a machine gun
An interdisciplinary collaboration including materials scientists, an imaging expert and an entomologist discovered how bombardier beetles manage to fire rapid bursts of a searing hot chemical mix at predators or other creatures that harass them.

Higher levels of inattention at age 7 linked with lower GCSE grades
New research has shown that children who display increasing levels of inattention at the age of seven are at risk of worse academic outcomes in their GCSE examinations.

Pre-existing inflammation may promote the spread of cancer
A new research report appearing in the May 2015 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology suggests that allergic reactions -- or at least the pre-existing inflammation from these reactions -- may set the stage for cancer to spread from one area to another.

Research unlocks critical early nutrient supply for embryos
The mechanism by which embryos receive nutrition during the first 11 weeks of pregnancy has been revealed by University of Manchester scientists.

MarkerMiner 1.0: An easy-to-use bioinformatics platform for DNA analysis in angiosperms
Researchers have developed MarkerMiner, a new software that simplifies analysis of next-generation sequencing data in angiosperms.

Obesity linked to increased health care costs after plastic surgery
After common plastic surgery procedures, obese patients have more complications and make more hospital visits -- leading to higher healthcare costs, reports a study in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Anchorage Center for 2015 Meeting of Cordilleran Area Geoscientists
Geoscientists from the North American Cordillera and beyond will convene in Anchorage, Alaska, USA, on May 11-13, 2015, to discuss new and hot-topic science, expand on current studies, and explore the region's unique geologic features.

Pancreatic cancer risk linked to weak sunlight
Writing in the April 30 online issue of the Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report pancreatic cancer rates are highest in countries with the least amount of sunlight.

Researchers find worm index closely associated with a nation's human development index
With the Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2000 coming to an end in 2015, and the new Sustainable Development Goals now in the works to establish a set of targets for the future of international development, experts at Baylor College of Medicine have developed a new tool to show why neglected tropical diseases, the most common infections of the world's poor, should be an essential component of these goals.

Gravity data show that Antarctic ice sheet is melting increasingly faster
Princeton University researchers 'weighed' Antarctica's ice sheet using gravitational satellite data and found that during the past decade, Antarctica's massive ice sheet lost twice the amount of ice in its western portion compared with what it accumulated in the east.

How your sex life may influence endometriosis
Researchers are a step closer to understanding the risk factors associated with endometriosis thanks to a new University of Adelaide study.

Moffitt researchers discover new mechanism controlling cell response to DNA damage
DNA can be damaged by different environmental insults, such as ultraviolet light, ionizing radiation, oxidative stress or certain drugs.

Engineering a better solar cell: UW research pinpoints defects in popular perovskites
A new study published online April 30 in the journal Science by University of Washington and University of Oxford researchers demonstrates that perovskite materials -- superefficient crystal structures that have recently taken the scientific community by storm -- contain previously undiscovered flaws that can be engineered to improve solar cells and other devices even further.

Alberta's older injured workers at disadvantage in returning to jobs
University of Alberta team finds workers over age of 65 less likely to be offered rehabilitation, modified work duties despite greater risk for severe injury than younger employees.

Optimizing treatment protocols when diagnostics are costly
HIV-1 continues to spread globally. While neither a cure, nor an effective vaccine are available, recent focus has been put on 'treatment-for-prevention', which is a method by which treatment is used to reduce the contagiousness of an infected person.

Screening for bacteriuria in pregnant women: Benefit unclear
It remains unclear whether screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant women causes more benefit or harm.

New survey: Percentage of Texans without health insurance drops dramatically
The percentage of Texans without health insurance dropped 31 percent since enrollment began in the Affordable Care Act's Health Insurance Marketplace, according to a new report released today by the Episcopal Health Foundation and Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Dwindling productivity in Congress linked to vanishing cooperation
As the number of bills passed by Congress declines, fewer and fewer Congressional representatives are voting across party lines, leaving only a few key representatives as collaborative voters, according to researchers.

Silica dust in small-scale gold mining linked to silicosis and TB epidemic
Research published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene concludes that exposures to airborne silica are more than 200 times greater in small-scale gold mines than in larger mines.

Novel superconducting undulator provides first X-ray light at ANKA
Synchrotron radiation facilities provide insights into the world of very small structures like microbes, viruses or nanomaterials and rely on dedicated magnet technology, which is optimized to produce highest intensity beams.

LUT is the world's 31st best young university
The Lappeenranta University of Technology has been ranked the 31st top young university in the Times Higher Education 100 Under 50 Rankings.

ST Engineering and NTU Singapore launch lab for advanced robotics and autonomous systems
ST Engineering and Nanyang Technological University, Singapore have set up a joint research lab to develop advanced robotics and autonomous systems that will improve airport operations and disaster rescue efforts.

England set for 'substantial increase' in record-breaking warm years
The likelihood of record-breaking warm years in England is set to substantially increase as a result of the human influence on the climate, new research suggests.

No Hogwarts invitation required: Invisibility cloaks move into the real-life classroom
A group of researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, in Karlsruhe, Germany, has developed a portable invisibility cloak that can be taken into classrooms and used for demonstrations.

U of M institute discovers how aspirin fights cancer
Taking aspirin reduces a person's risk of colorectal cancer, but the molecular mechanisms involved have remained unknown until a recent discovery by The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota.

Viruses: You've heard the bad -- here's the good
'The word, virus, connotes morbidity and mortality, but that bad reputation is not universally deserved,' said Marilyn Roossinck, Ph.D., professor of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology and Biology at the Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

ACP releases best practice advice for cervical cancer screening
New clinical advice from the American College of Physicians aims to reduce overuse of cervical cancer screening in average risk women without symptoms.

Integrative medicine has positive impact on patient activation, chronic pain, depression
The use of integrative medicine interventions leads to significant improvements in patient activation and patient-reported outcomes in the treatment of chronic pain, depression, and stress, according to a new report released by The Bravewell Collaborative.

Making leather that is Earth- and fashion-friendly (video)
In this week's Speaking of Chemistry, Lauren Wolf talks about a new, alternative way to make synthetic leather both eco-conscious and fashion-forward.

Are we exterminating 1 African elephant by not recognizing 2?
University of Illinois Animal Sciences Professor and Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology member Alfred Roca co-authored the recent literature review 'Elephant Natural History: A Genomic Perspective,' identifying a need to recognize the forest elephant as a separate species.

Department of the Navy announces 2015 young investigators
It's a career-defining moment for 36 college and university faculty today, as the Department of the Navy announces the recipients of its 2015 Young Investigator Program, one of the oldest and most selective scientific research advancement programs in the country.

Pesticides alter bees' brains, making them unable to live and reproduce adequately
In research report published in the May 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal, scientists report that a particular class of pesticides called 'neonicotinoids' wreaks havoc on the bee populations, ultimately putting some crops that rely on pollination in jeopardy.

Israeli researchers at Ben Gurion U. receive grant to develop urban water program
Prof. Erell will be responsible for Water Sensitive Urban Planning and Design.

Did dinosaur-killing asteroid trigger largest lava flows on Earth?
The theory that an asteroid impact killed off the dinosaurs 66 million years ago is well accepted, but one puzzle is why another global catastrophe -- the huge, million-year eruption of the Deccan Traps flood basalts in India -- occurred at the same time.

Fresh whole blood reduces possible complications in pediatric heart surgery patients
Using fresh whole blood from single donors is better than using component blood from multiple donors in pediatric heart surgery patients, according to an article in the May 2015 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Substantial benefits for health and environment through realistic changes to UK diets
Making a series of relatively minor and realistic changes to UK diets would not only reduce UK diet-related greenhouse gas emissions by nearly a fifth, but could also extend average life expectancy by eight months, according to new research led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

'Dead zones' found in Atlantic open waters
German and Canadian researchers have discovered areas with extremely low levels of oxygen in the tropical North Atlantic, several hundred kilometers off the coast of West Africa.

Role of telomeres in plant stem cells discovered
The study describes the development of an innovative technology that enables the monitoring of telomeres at the cellular level in plants.

A BRAIN Initiative first: New tool can switch behavior 'on' and 'off'
Researchers at the University of North Carolina and the NIH have perfected a noninvasive 'chemogenetic' technique that allows them to switch off a specific behavior in mice -- such as voracious eating -- and then switch it back on.

High-tech 'Smart Care' apartment aims to improve health care for seniors
UT Arlington prepares to unveil a high-tech 'Smart Care' apartment designed to improve health care for seniors and people with disabilities.

The Pillars of Creation revealed in 3-D
Using the MUSE instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers have produced the first complete three-dimensional view of the famous Pillars of Creation in the Eagle Nebula, Messier 16.

Mechanisms for continually producing sperm
Continually producing sperm over a long time is important to procreate the next generation.

Telomere changes predict cancer
A distinct pattern in the changing length of blood telomeres, the protective end caps on our DNA strands, can predict cancer many years before actual diagnosis, a new study shows.

Engineering new blood vessels in people is 1 step closer to reality
Scientists moved a step closer toward coaxing the body into producing its own replacement blood vessels after discovering that suppressing parts of the innate immune system may raise the chances of a tissue engineered vascular graft's success.

Vital step in stem cell growth revealed
Salk scientists' finding could aid regenerative and cancer therapies.

Holy agility! Keen sense of touch guides nimble bat flight
Bats fly with breathtaking precision because their wings are equipped with highly sensitive touch sensors, cells that respond to even slight changes in airflow, researchers demonstrated.

Impaired sleep linked to lower pain tolerance
People with insomnia and other sleep problems have increased sensitivity to pain, reports a study published in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

New research into health benefits of coffee
New research has brought us closer to being able to understand the health benefits of coffee.

Study finds swine farming is a risk factor for drug-resistant staph infections
A new study led by the University of Iowa shows swine farmers are six times more likely to be carriers of staph bacteria, including the MRSA strain, than others.

ACP releases advice for the proper time, test, and interval for cervical cancer screening
The American College of Physicians today released clinical advice aimed at reducing overuse of cervical cancer screening in average risk women without symptoms.

Comprehensive new study provides foundation for the future of digital higher education
A comprehensive new study led by George Siemens, executive director of the UT Arlington LINK Lab, examines the role that technology plays in higher education and offers steps that universities of tomorrow can take to support student learning.

Gambling is all an illusion
Pathological gamblers 'see' patterns in things that are actually quite random and not really there, to such a degree that they are quite willing to impulsively bet good money on such illusory nonrandomness.

The BMJ calls on the next Health Secretary to 'secure the NHS's future'
The BMJ today calls on the next Secretary of State for Health to 'secure the NHS's future as the best and fairest health service in the world.'

First embryonic stem cell therapy safety trial in Asian patients
A clinical trial in the Republic of Korea for patients with degenerative eye diseases is the first to test the safety of an embryonic stem cell therapy for people of Asian descent.

Study shows replacing 1 serving of sugary drink per day by water or unsweetened tea or coffee cuts risk of type 2 diabetes
Replacing the daily consumption of one serving of a sugary drink with either water or unsweetened tea or coffee can lower the risk of developing diabetes by between 14 percent and 25 percent, concludes research in Diabetologia.

Dam removal study reveals river resiliency
More than 1,000 dams have been removed across the United States because of safety concerns, sediment buildup, inefficiency or having otherwise outlived usefulness.

Bacterial viruses: Tools of the trade
Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich demonstrate for the first time that bacteriophages -- bacterial viruses -- carry genetic instructions for proteins that mediate the transport of their DNA to specialized replication sites in the host cell.

Study questions quality of US health data
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers concludes that most US clinical registries that collect data on patient outcomes are substandard and lack critical features necessary to render the information they collect useful for patients, physicians and policy makers.

Viruses responsible for 50 percent of gastroenteritis cases can spread by air
Noroviruses, a group of viruses responsible for over 50 percent of global gastroenteritis cases, can spread by air up to several meters from an infected person according to a new study by Université Laval researchers.

Commercial out-of-hours GP services linked with poorer patient experience
Commercial providers of out of hours GP care in England are associated with poorer experience of care compared with NHS or not for profit providers, finds a study in The BMJ this week.

Souped-up remote control switches behaviors on-and-off in mice
Neuroscientists have perfected a chemical-genetic remote control for brain circuitry and behavior.

SDSC's 'Comet' supercomputer enters early operations phase
Comet, a new petascale supercomputer designed to transform advanced scientific computing by expanding access and capacity among traditional as well as non-traditional research domains, has transitioned into an early operations phase at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego.

Boosting the body's natural ability to fight urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, and widespread antibiotic resistance has led to urgent calls for new ways to combat them.

Mammals not the only animals to feed embryo during gestation
For over a century, the scientific understanding of matrotrophy of an embryo developing inside a mom's body has come from vertebrates.

Lifestyle advice for would-be centenarians
For the past 50 years, researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy have followed the health of 855 Gothenburg men born in 1913.

See flower cells in 3-D -- no electron microscopy required
High-resolution imaging of plant cells is important in many plant studies, and the most commonly used method is scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Highly efficient CRISPR knock-in in mouse
CRISPR/Cas -- clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) -- system, which is based on chemically synthesized small RNAs and commercially available Cas9 enzyme, has enabled long gene-cassette knock-in in mice with highest efficiency ever reported.

Evidence Aid researchers join international effort in Nepal
Researchers from Evidence Aid based at Queen's University Belfast have joined international efforts in Nepal following the devastating earthquake in which 5,000 people are known to have died and more than 10,000 have been injured.

Vanderbilt study shows babies born with drug withdrawal symptoms on the rise
The number of infants born in the United States with drug withdrawal symptoms, also known as neonatal abstinence syndrome, nearly doubled in a four-year period.

Sustainability progress should precede seafood market access, researchers urge
Fishery improvement projects -- programs designed to fast-track access to the world seafood market in exchange for promises to upgrade sustainable practices -- need to first make good on those sustainability pledges before retailers and fisheries actually do business, researchers recommend. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to