Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2015
NIH launches research to gaze deeply into your eyes
Five bold projects will develop new technology to noninvasively image cells of the eye in unprecedented detail.

Patients with gastrointestinal tumors at higher risk of other cancers
Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine conducted the first population-based study that characterizes the association and temporal relationship between gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and other cancers.

UT Arlington opens California office to match UTA technologies with investors, businesses
The University of Texas at Arlington announces a new partnership with a longtime Silicon Valley entrepreneur and alumna who will establish a strategic outpost to match technology developed within the University with investors and corporate partners.

UC Riverside receives major funding for research on big data and visualization
The University of California, Riverside has received nearly $4.5 million from NASA to develop research, education, training and collaborative opportunities in big data and visualization.

ORNL researchers probe chemistry, topography and mechanics with one instrument
ORNL scientists combined atomic force microscopy and mass spectrometry into one instrument that can probe a polymer sample in three dimensions and overlay information about the topography of its surface, the atomic-scale mechanical behavior of the bulk sample, and subsurface chemistry.

The future is now: Reining in procrastination
People are more likely to start working on achieving a future goal if they think of their deadlines in terms of days instead of in months or years.

Use wipes in the kitchen to reduce risk of food poisoning by 99 percent
Consumers can reduce the risk of Campylobacter food poisoning by up to 99.2 percent by using disinfectant wipes in the kitchen after preparing poultry.

Beyond chicken fingers and fries: New evidence in favor of healthier kids' menus
New research in Obesity is first of its kind to look at ordering patterns and sales data following healthy menu changes.

Imaging the windows to the soul: Eye researchers pursue 'audacious' goal
The Medical College of Wisconsin's Advanced Ocular Imaging Program has received a $4.4 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Eye Institute (NEI) to participate in the NEI's 'Audacious Goals Initiative.' The initiative seeks to push the boundaries of vision science with the goal of regenerating neurons and neural connections in the eye.

US clinics avoiding government oversight of 'stem cell' treatments
Clinics across the United States are advertising stem cell treatments that attempt to take advantage of what they perceive as exceptions in FDA regulations, according to bioethicist Leigh G.

Inanimate beads behave in lifelike ways
Synthetic microscopic beads sense changes in their environment and self-propel to migrate upstream, a step toward the realization of biomimetic microsystems with the ability to sense and respond to environmental changes.

TGen-UCSF study in Neuro-Oncology provides comprehensive look at brain cancer treatments
Led by TGen and UCSF, a comprehensive genetic review of treatment strategies for glioblastoma brain tumors was published today in the Oxford University Press journal Neuro-Oncology.

Study finds housing market cycles have become longer
A statistical analysis of data from 20 industrial countries covering the period 1970 to 2012 suggests housing market pricing cycles -- normal, boom and bust phases -- have become longer over the last four decades.

Majority of older adults willing to be screened by telephone for dementia
Nearly two-thirds of older adults were willing to undergo telephone screening for dementia, according to a new study from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute.

NASA satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Quang making landfall in Western Australia
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Quang as it was making landfall near Learmonth, Western Australia on May 1.

Species' evolutionary choice: Disperse or adapt?
Dispersal and adaptation are two evolutionary strategies available to species given an environment.

The ER docs said 'stop smoking,' and they did!
An intervention in the emergency department designed to encourage tobacco cessation in smokers appears to be effective.

Lousy sockeye are lousy competitors
With major funding from several groups, including NSERC, an SFU doctoral student has made a key discovery regarding Fraser River sockeye's vulnerability to sea lice.

International team discovers elusive new bird in China
A Michigan State University professor was part of an international team of scientists that has discovered a new bird in China.

Study illustrates how chickenpox virus can cause a stroke in an HIV patient
Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can, in rare cases, experience bleeding on the brain that causes a type of stroke called intracerebral hemorrhage.

Ocean fronts improve climate and fishery production, study finds
A recent study by the University of Georgia found that ocean fronts -- separate regions of warm and cool water as well as salt and fresh water -- act to increase production in the ocean.

Pulsar with widest orbit ever detected
A team of highly determined high school students discovered a never-before-seen pulsar by painstakingly analyzing data from the National Science Foundation's Robert C.

Heritage destruction in conflict zones provides archaeological opportunities
Researchers say it is possible to obtain a great deal of original and important information from sites that have suffered badly through conflict.

The language of invention: Most innovations are rephrasings of past technologies
Most new patents are combinations of existing ideas and pretty much always have been, even as the stream of fundamentally new core technologies has slowed, according to a new study led by SFI researchers.

UNC researchers create DNA repair map of the entire human genome
When common chemotherapy drugs hit cancer cells, they damage DNA so that the cells can't replicate.

BMJ provides resources to support disaster relief efforts in Nepal
In response to the recent earthquake in Nepal, BMJ has opened up access to a range of online resources.

Citizen science helps predict risk of emerging infectious disease
More than 1,600 trained citizen scientists boosted the reach and accuracy of a long-term geographic mapping project to predict the spread of sudden oak death, an infectious disease that's killed millions of trees in California and Oregon.

Global decline of large herbivores may lead to an 'empty landscape'
The decline of the world's large herbivores, especially in Africa and parts of Asia, is raising the specter of an 'empty landscape' in some of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet.

Beetlejuice! Secrets of beetle sprays unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source
Researchers using the Advanced Photon Source, a US Department of Energy user facility at Argonne National Laboratory, have gotten the first-ever look inside the living beetle as it sprays.

Rochester team receives NEI grant for restoring vision through retinal regeneration
A team of researchers at the University of Rochester is designing an optical system to image responses to light of large numbers of individual cells in the retina, with the objective of accelerating the development of the next generation of cures for blindness.

A practical gel that simply 'clicks' for biomedical applications
Wyss Core Faculty members Neel Joshi, Ph.D., and David Mooney, Ph.D., have developed a novel, truly biocompatible alginate hydrogel that can be synthesized using 'click chemistry' towards better delivery of drugs, growth factors and living cells for biomedical applications.

New gene editing tools force renewed debate over therapeutic germline alteration
Recent evidence demonstrating the feasibility of using novel CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology to make targeted changes in the DNA of human embryos is forcing researchers, clinicians, and ethicists to revisit the highly controversial issue of altering the inherited human genome.

Unveiling of the world's smallest and most powerful micro motors
Piezoelectric ultrasonic motors have two significant advantages, namely their high energy density and their simple structure, which both contribute to their miniaturization.

Study finds guidance improves food safety practices at school, community gardens
School and community gardens have become increasingly popular in recent years, but the people managing and working in these gardens are often unfamiliar with food safety practices that reduce the risk of foodborne illness.

Taking a vacation from diabetes: Teens take 'artificial pancreas' for a test run
This weekend a group of teenagers will test an 'artificial pancreas' in a real-world environment.

Mixing energy drinks, alcohol tied to abusive drinking in teens
Researchers from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center found teens aged 15-17 years old who had ever mixed alcohol with energy drinks were four times more likely to meet the criteria for alcohol use disorder than a teen who has tried alcohol but never mixed it with an energy drink.

Citizen science helps predict spread of sudden oak death
Efforts to predict the emergence and spread of sudden oak death, an infectious tree-killing disease, have gotten a big boost from the work of grassroots volunteers.

Prolonged statin use may lower risk of lung cancer death
Lung cancer patients who used statins in the year prior to a lung cancer diagnosis or after a lung cancer diagnosis had a reduction in the risk of death from the disease.

Parent training reduces serious behavioral problems in children with autism
Young children with autism spectrum disorder, who also have serious behavioral problems, showed improved behavior when their parents were trained with specific, structured strategies to manage tantrums, aggression, self-injury, and non-compliance.

Low-allergen soybean could have high impact
Scientists from the UA and University of Illinois have created a new variety of low-allergenic soybean.

Lymphatic pump treatment enhances antibiotic effectiveness for treating pneumonia
Lymphatic pump treatment shows promise in managing pneumonia when combined with antibiotic treatment, according to a new study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

A dissolvable surgical clip -- 5 mm in size made of a magnesium alloy
Kobe University has developed a safe surgical clip that dissolves and be absorbed by the body after a certain period of time.

Long-term galactic cosmic ray exposure leads to dementia-like cognitive impairments
What happens to an astronaut's brain during a mission to Mars?

Lifetime intense physical activity may lower risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Performing vigorous physical activity over one's lifetime may lower risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

A feel for flight: How bats are teaching scientists to build better aircraft
Researchers have studied how bats can sense their environment using neural cells connected to their wings.

First-year undergrad identifies method to potentially save money in health care
Nationwide implementation of the American College of Cardiology's appropriate use criteria could result in a cost savings of more than $2.3 billion, based on a two-year study of a community hospital in Illinois.

New exoplanet too big for its star
The Australian discovery of a strange exoplanet orbiting very close to a small cool star 500 light years away is challenging ideas about how planets form.

Good things in store for retailers
Adding brick-and-mortar stores to online and catalog retailing increases sales overall.

How to reset a diseased cell
In proof-of-concept experiments, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine demonstrate the ability to tune medically relevant cell behaviors by manipulating a key hub in cell communication networks.

School reform in post-Katrina New Orleans harmful to black community, scholars say
Study explores school reform in New Orleans from the perspectives of black teachers, parents and students.
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