Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 07, 2015
Baiting the hook
A study of the multichannel UK grocery shopping environment recently yielded insights that will be useful for retailers with an online channel or considering adding one to their customers' options.

A new mechanism of blood pressure regulation by a stress-sensitive gatekeeper
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute have uncovered a new mechanism for the regulation of blood pressure.

Populated Puget Sound sees stark shifts in marine fish species
The most populated areas of Puget Sound have experienced striking shifts in marine species, with declines in herring and smelt that have long provided food for other marine life and big increases in the catch of jellyfish, which contribute far less to the food chain, according to new research that tracks species over the last 40 years.

Researchers sound out scaffolds for eardrum replacement
An international team of researchers has created tiny, complex scaffolds that mimic the intricate network of collagen fibers that form the human eardrum.

Frequent users of emergency care more than twice as likely to die or be admitted
Frequent users of emergency care are more than twice as likely as infrequent users to die, be admitted to hospital, or require other outpatient treatment, concludes an analysis of the available evidence, published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Chagas disease vaccine shows long-term protection in mice
Chagas disease, caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite and transmitted by insects in Latin America is among the most common tropical diseases, and so far without effective vaccine.

New GTEx findings show how DNA differences influence gene activity, disease susceptibility
Researchers funded by the NIH Genotype-Tissue Expression project have created a data resource to help establish how differences in individual genomic make-up can affect gene activity and contribute to disease.

US-CERN agreement paves way for new era of scientific discovery
A new agreement between the United States and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) signed today will pave the way for renewed collaboration in particle physics, promising to yield new insights into fundamental particles and the nature of matter and our universe.

Ben-Gurion University researchers receive grant for robotic project to assist the elderly
The goal of the project, 'Follow Me: Proxemics and Responsiveness for Following Tasks in Adaptive Assistive Robotics,' is to advance 'robotic adaptive person-following' algorithms to include concepts from human-human interaction.

Biting back: Scientists aim to forecast West Nile outbreaks
New research led by NCAR and CDC has identified correlations between weather conditions and the occurrence of West Nile virus disease in the United States, raising the possibility of being able to better predict outbreaks.

Scandinavian trade 'triggered' the Viking Age
Archaeologists from the University of York have played a key role in Anglo-Danish research which has suggested the dawn of the Viking Age may have been much earlier -- and less violent -- than previously believed.

Myriad to present new clinical data on Prolaris at the AUA 2015 Annual Meeting
Myriad will present data from three studies that demonstrate the value of the Prolaris test at the AUA 2015 annual meeting.

Photoactive dye could prevent infection during bone-repair surgery
A green dye that sticks to bone grafts becomes antimicrobial with the flick of a light switch and could help reduce the risk of infections during bone-reconstruction surgeries.

GTEx -- How our fenetic code regulates gene expression
A new study presents the first analysis of the pilot dataset from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, which investigates how our underlying DNA regulates gene expression.

FRAX fracture risk assessment tool output can now be modified by TBS
The output of the WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) can now be adjusted for Trabecular Bone Score (TBS™).

IRF5, a new player in the occurrence of obesity complications
Metabolic complications of obesity and overweight, such as type 2 diabetes, are an important challenge to public health.

Dexamethasone may help prevent severe kidney injury following heart surgery
Patients who received dexamethasone during heart surgery had about a 2.5-times lower risk of developing kidney failure requiring dialysis compared with those receiving a placebo.

Snoring keeping you up at night?
Brazilian study published today in the Online First section of the journal CHEST finds that in patients with primary snoring or mild OSA, oropharyngeal, or mouth and tongue, exercises significantly reduced the frequency of snoring by 36 percent and total power of snoring by 59 percent.

Scientists show the mammary gland 'remembers' prior pregnancy, spurring milk production
Anecdotal reports of nursing mothers have long suggested that giving milk is a lot easier in second and subsequent pregnancies, compared with a first pregnancy.

Nuclear medicine scan could identify who might benefit from aromatase inhibitor treatment
A new, noninvasive nuclear medicine test can be used to determine whether aromatase inhibitor treatment will be effective for specific cancer patients, according to a recent study reported in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Little flies in the big city: What you find depends on how you look
A group of researchers from the US and Australia announced the unexpected discovery of exotic 'vinegar flies' (drosophilids) in urban Los Angeles in a paper appearing in the journal PLOS ONE, titled 'Strange Little Flies In The Big City: Exotic Flower-Breeding Drosophilidae (Diptera) In Urban Los Angeles.' Two species, previously known only from outside the US, were collected by the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County project, Biodiversity Science: City and Nature.

FDA greenlights UCI clinical trial of treatment for blinding disease
A first-of-its-kind stem cell-based treatment for retinitis pigmentosa developed by UC Irvine's Dr.

Additional benefits of measles vaccination revealed
Vaccination against measles doesn't just protect people from the measles virus -- it also prevents other infectious diseases from taking advantage of peoples' immune systems after they have been damaged by measles, according to a new study.

'Fracture' prints, not fingerprints, help solve child abuse cases
Much like a finger leaves its own unique print to help identify a person, researchers are now discovering that skull fractures leave certain signatures that can help investigators better determine what caused the injury.

Thirty-day wait before tubal sterilization is unjust, say ob/gyn experts
Current US health policy requires Medicaid beneficiaries to wait 30 days before tubal sterilization.

Alzheimer protein's structure may explain its toxicity
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have determined the molecular structure of one of the proteins in the fine fibers of the brain plaques that are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease.

Potential for a more personalized approach to womb cancer
Manchester doctors have helped show that high-risk womb cancer patients can be genetically profiled to allow them to receive more appropriate treatment.

WSU ecologist warns of bamboo fueling spread of hantavirus
Washington State University researchers say the popularity of bamboo landscaping could increase the spread of hantavirus, with the plant's prolific seed production creating a population boom among seed-eating deer mice that carry the disease.

New care approach to colorectal operations speeds patients' recovery times
Patients undergoing colorectal operations who participated in an enhanced recovery program left the hospital sooner and had significantly lower hospital costs than patients who had the traditional approach to their care, according to a new study, which also found further postoperative improvements after adding an infection prevention protocol.

UTHealth's Carlos Moreno gets family medicine leadership award
Carlos Moreno, M.D., M.S.P.H., the C. Frank Webber, M.D. Chair in Family Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has been recognized for enhancing the credibility of family medicine in an academic setting by the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine Foundation.

Plugging up leaky graphene
A new technique may enable faster, more durable water filters.

Large landslides lie low: Himalaya-Karakoram ranges
Large landslides are an important process of erosion in the Himalaya-Karakoram ranges.

How to build a new global health framework
Can a true, robust global health framework be created to help prevent tragedies like Ebola while at the same time allow countries to meet everyday health needs?

IU Center for Aging Research eMR-ABC software improving brain care throughout Indiana
Older Indiana adults with dementia or depression will be among the best cared for elders in the nation beginning this month with the statewide roll-out of a unique automated decision-support system that enables their care coordinators to meet the complex bio-psychosocial needs of these individuals as well as those of their family members and other informal caregivers.

KIC InnoEnergy and Climate-KIC celebrate joint EIT Award success
KIC InnoEnergy, the European company for innovation, education and business creation in sustainable energy, and Climate-KIC, the EU's main climate innovation initiative, are today celebrating the success of three of their projects at the EIT Awards, presented at InnovEIT in Budapest last night.

Penn and UC Merced researchers match physical and virtual atomic friction experiments
Technological limitations have made studying friction on the atomic scale difficult, but researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of California, Merced, have now made advances in that quest on two fronts.

As life slips by: Why eye movement doesn't blur the picture
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Shiley Eye Institute have identified the molecular 'glue' that builds the brain connections that keep visual images clear and still, even as objects or your eyes move.

CHOP patient safety researchers honored for study of alarm fatigue
A patient safety team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia who analyzed the problem of alarm fatigue in hospital units has been recognized for the best research paper of 2014 in a journal dedicated to biomedical technology.

Psychologists to help Dr. Google
Psychologists are to improve online health information on lung cancer after research showed that family members are more likely to search online to encourage loved ones to seek help.

Research shows sleep loss impedes decision making in crisis
The difference between life and death in the operating room, on the battlefield or during a police shootout often comes down to the ability to adapt to the unexpected.

I'll have what she's having
Marketing campaigns focused on social media and socioeconomic groupings are likely to give the greatest boost to disruptive new channels, but help propel new brick-and-mortar venues as well.

3-D 'organoids' grown from patient tumors could personalize drug screening
Three-dimensional cultures (or 'organoids') derived from the tumors of cancer patients closely replicate key properties of the original tumors, reveals a study published May 7 in Cell.

Brandeis researchers identify potential cause of schizophrenic symptoms
At Brandeis University, researchers believe they have discovered an abnormality in the schizophrenic brain that could be responsible for many of the disease's symptoms and could provide a drug target for therapeutic treatments.

Dissecting the ocean's unseen waves to learn where the heat, energy and nutrients go
Researchers from the Office of Naval Research's multi-institutional Internal Waves In Straits Experiment -- including from Princeton University -- have published the first 'cradle-to-grave' model of internal waves, which are subsurface ocean displacements recognized as essential to the distribution of nutrients and heat.

Quite a fellow: Dr. Thomas Beutner receives prestigious aerospace award
Dr. Thomas Beutner of the Office of Naval Researchhas been named a Fellow by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics for his distinguished aerospace career.

It doesn't take a brain injury to have headache, dizziness and cognitive impairment
This study, published in the medical journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity, provides an explanation for why many people with even very trivial head injuries, or even injuries to other parts of their bodies, experience incapacitating post-concussion like syndromes.

Statins associated with longer prostate cancer time to progression during ADT
The use of cholesterol-lowering statins when men initiated androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer was associated with longer time to progression of the disease, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Cancer drugs approved quickly but not to patient's benefit: York University researcher
Highly priced cancer drugs get rushed approvals despite poor trial methodology and little effect on the longevity of patients, cautions York University Professor Dr.

UTMB researchers devise vaccine that provides long-term protection against Chagas disease
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have successfully tested a vaccine for Chagas disease, which is widespread in Latin America but is beginning to show up in the US -- including the Houston area.

Patient cancer cells help to test treatments
Organoids, small clusters of cells that accurately mimic the behavior of human tissue, can be used to test cancer drugs and, eventually, to identify effective personalized treatments for patients.

Soil security
A group of leading soil scientists, including the University of Delaware's Donald L.

UW researchers hack a teleoperated surgical robot to reveal security flaws
University of Washington researchers easily hacked a next generation teleoperated surgical robot to test how easily a malicious attack could hijack remotely controlled operations in the future and to offer security solutions.

MESSENGER reveals Mercury's magnetic field secrets
New data from MESSENGER, the spacecraft that orbited Mercury for four years before crashing into the planet a week ago, reveals Mercury's magnetic field is almost four billion years old.

Strong statin-diabetes link seen in large study of Tricare patients
In a Veterans Affairs study of nearly 26,000 beneficiaries of Tricare, the military health system, those taking statin drugs to control their cholesterol were 87 percent more likely to develop diabetes.

Noul continues to intensify as it nears Luzon
Typhoon Noul, which in the Philippines has been designated by Dodong, is located 666 miles east southeast of Manila, Philippines.

Study reveals why almost half of patients opt out of comprehensive cancer testing
Some at-risk patients opted out of comprehensive cancer gene screening when presented with the opportunity to be tested for the presence of genes linked to various cancers, according to a recent study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Over 80 percent of the Flemish people consider themselves European
On May 9 we celebrate Europe Day. On this 65th anniversary of the Schuman Declaration, 85 percent of Flemish adolescents and 80 percent of the adults feel European.

The hairy past
Lifestyle leaves chemical traces in hair. In horses, the analysis of tail hair is especially suited as long hair can provide information over a long period of time.

New intervention pioneered at UC Davis helps mothers address depression
Researchers at UC Davis have developed a new intervention that identifies potentially depressed mothers and encourages them to seek treatment.

Typhoon Noul beginning to strengthen in the West Pacific
Since its formation as a tropical depression three days ago, Typhoon Noul has taken on a general westward motion while steadily working its way across the central-west Pacific.

Penn researchers develop custom artificial membranes with programmable surfaces
Penn researchers have helped develop artificial membranes with programmable features, enabling studies of cell communication and the molecular basis of disease.

Role of obesity and depression in excessive daytime sleepiness
Obesity and depression -- not only lack of sleep -- are underlying causes for regular drowsiness, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Symposium encourages scientific collaboration between São Paulo and California
The aim of the symposium is to extend the opportunities for scientific collaboration with the support of FAPESP and University of California, Davis, comprising scientific sessions on neurosciences, cancer research, particles and matter, materials science and chemistry, food and agriculture, water and energy,

Antioxidant effects of coffee by-products 500 times greater than vitamin C
The coffee industry plays a major role in the global economy.

Potential new painkiller provides longer lasting effects
Medications have long been used to treat pain caused by injury or chronic conditions.

Mobile tracking application may help users meet vitamin D requirements
Adults in Canada are consistently deficient in dietary vitamin D, by nearly 400 international units per day on average.

When the baby comes, working couples no longer share housework equally
When highly educated, dual-career couples have their first child, both spouses think the baby increases their workloads by equal amounts -- but a new study suggests that's not true.

Elsevier announces launch of NFS Journal -- an open-access journal bridging nutrition and food science
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of NFS Journal, a new open-access journal.

Light in sight: a step towards a potential therapy for acquired blindness
A promising new therapeutic approach for hereditary blindness based on a technology termed 'optogenetics' is to introduce light-sensing proteins into these surviving retinal cells, turning them into 'replacement photoreceptors' and thereby restoring vision.

TSRI researchers connect haywire protein to breast cancer, leukemia
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute sheds light on the cause of some cancers, including breast cancer and leukemia.

Gene expression is key to understanding differences between individuals and disease susceptibility
The Genotype-Tissue Expression project consortia, which includes scientists from the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, have now published their results from their first pilot study in three Science papers.

Research: Buyers' readiness to take risk is top cause for volatility in US house prices
According to new study to be published in the Journal of Money Credit and Banking, consumer willingness to take chances with their money in large part triggers fluctuations in housing prices.

Penn team finds protein 'cement' that stabilizes the crossroad of chromosomes
A new study describes how the centromere is stabilized during replication.

Popular media influences choice of childbirth
Women's magazines influence whether women decide to have a more natural childbirth or not, with most of the messages biased towards promoting the benefits of medicalized birth.

Surprise from the deep ocean
The microorganisms Archaea existed hundreds of millions of years before the more complex cell structures of Eukaryotes developed that gave rise to macroscopic life.

Impact of post-treatment surveillance in head and neck squamous cell cancer
Compliance with post-treatment surveillance, income level and the travel distance for follow-up care had effects on survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Evidence of efficacy of gene therapy in rodents affected by a rare genetic liver disease, Crigler-Najjar syndrome
Federico Mingozzi, head of the Immunology and Liver Gene Therapy team at Généthon, the laboratory created by the AFM-Téléthon, presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN, May 6-9, Amsterdam), work done in collaboration with an Italian and Dutch teams showing long-term correction of a genetic defect causing toxic buildup of bilirubin in murine and rat models of Crigler-Najjar syndrome.

Statin drugs can delay prostate cancer progression in patients, study shows
Men who went on cholesterol-lowering statin drugs when they began androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer had a longer time in which their disease was under control than did men who didn't take statins, a clinical trial led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators shows.

Facebook users the main filter of content
Do online social networks, such as Facebook, create 'filter bubbles' around their users so that people only see what they want to see?

Hip strengthening might ease pain of clogged leg arteries
Exercise to strengthen hip flexor muscles may increase how far some patients can walk without calf pain.

Tropical Depression 07W starting to get organized
System 93W became Tropical Depression 07W on May 6, 2015 and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center has already issued four warnings on the storm.

Fish born in larger groups develop more social skills and a different brain 'architecture'
New research on a highly social fish shows that those reared in larger social groups from the earliest stage of life develop increased social skills and a brain shape, or 'neuroplasticity,' which lingers into the later life of the fish.

Nobel laureates, scholars discuss computation in the future of their fields
Renowned scholars including three Nobel laureates will gather at Brown University for a weeklong series of talks on the future of their fields while honoring the legacy of computer pioneer and scientific polymath John von Neumann.

Genetic changes to basic developmental processes evolve more frequently than thought
Newly evolved genes can rapidly assume control over fundamental functions during early embryonic development, report scientists from the University of Chicago.

Journal Maturitas position statement: Non-hormonal management of menopausal vasomotor symptoms
Elsevier journal Maturitas, today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society covering non-hormonal management of menopausal vasomotor symptoms.

German Research Foundation funds global Open Research Challenge
The German Research Foundation has awarded 75,000 Euros for the implementation of a new international research marketing project, the FAU Open Research Challenge.

Device created for faster skin biopsies without anesthesia
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the Institute for Health Research of the Hospital 'Ramón y Cajal' have patented a new device for performing skin biopsies.

Self-harm, suicide ideation tightly linked in Iraq, Afghanistan veterans
Non-suicidal self-injury -- that is, purposefully hurting oneself without conscious suicidal intent -- is relatively common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, and it is a strong risk factor for suicidal behavior, according to VA research.

Study finds metabolic link between bacterial 'biofilms' and colon cancer
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has uncovered a big clue to how bacteria may promote some colon cancers.

Rice scientists use light to probe acoustic tuning in gold nanodisks
Rice University scientists have discovered a new method to tune the light-induced vibrations of nanoparticles through slight alterations to the surface to which they are attached.

How your brain reacts to emotional information is influenced by your genes
Your genes may influence how sensitive you are to emotional information, according to new research by a UBC neuroscientist.

The opioid epidemic and its impact on orthopaedic care
The United States makes up less than 5 percent of the world's population but consumes 80 percent of the global opioid supply and approximately 99 percent of all hydrocodone -- the most commonly prescribed opioid in the world.

Next generation science: James Brogan of Boston College
Boston College junior chemistry-physics double major James Brogan has been awarded a Barry M.

Near-atomic resolution of protein structure by electron microscopy holds promise
A new study shows that it is possible to use an imaging technique called cryo-electron microscopy to view, in near-atomic detail, the architecture of a metabolic enzyme bound to a drug that blocks its activity.

Using a shopping list may aid food desert residents
For residents of areas with limited access to healthy foods, also known as food deserts, multiple barriers exist that amplify the health risks of living in those areas.

Putting a new spin on plasmonics
Researchers at Finland's Aalto University have discovered a novel way of combining plasmonic and magneto-optical effects.

Tropical disturbance in the North Atlantic likely to develop
Although the non-tropical low pressure system in the North Atlantic has moved little during the past several hours it has become better defined with increasing organization of the associated thunderstorm activity.

Human security at risk as depletion of soil accelerates, scientists warn
Scientists warn that humans have been depleting soil nutrients at rates that are orders of magnitude greater than our current ability to replenish it.

Clues contained in ancient brain point to the origin of heads in early animals
The discovery of a 500-million-year-old fossilized brain has helped identify a point of crucial transformation in early animals, and answered some of the questions about how heads first evolved.

UC Riverside undergraduates win Strauss Scholarships for STEM-related projects
Undergraduates at the University of California, Riverside are on a success roll.

Naturally occurring amino acid could improve oral health
Arginine, a common amino acid found naturally in foods, breaks down dental plaque, which could help millions of people avoid cavities and gum disease, researchers at the University of Michigan and Newcastle University have discovered.

Could mobile phone data help bring electricity to the developing world?
In a new study presented at Conference on the Analysis of Mobile Phone Networks (NetMob 2015), a team of researchers used anonymized cell phone data to assess the feasibility of electrification options for rural communities in Senegal, demonstrating a potentially valuable approach to using data to solve problems of development.

Study shows that children sleep better when they have a nightly bedtime routine
A multinational study suggests that having a regular bedtime routine is associated with better sleep in young children up to six years of age, and the positive impact on sleep increases with the consistency of the nightly routine.

Rockefeller scientists resolve debate over how many bacteria fight off invaders
For years, researchers have puzzled over conflicting results about the workings of type III CRISPR-Cas systems, a type of immune system found in many species of bacteria.

Fresh evidence for how water reached Earth found in asteroid debris
New research led by the University of Warwick strongly suggests that water delivery via asteroids or comets is likely taking place in many other planetary systems, just as it happened on Earth.

Locating the brain's SAD center
Vanderbilt biologists have localized the seasonal light cycle effects that drive seasonal affective disorder to a small region of the brain called the dorsal raphe nucleus.

The Lancet: Can the Ebola outbreak rejuvenate global health security?
The West African Ebola epidemic has rekindled interest in global health security, but it has also highlighted a troubling lack of political commitment to public health, and it is far from clear whether the crisis will be enough to rejuvenate global health security, say leading global health experts writing in The Lancet.

If you want change, tell a relevant story -- not just facts
Research shows that narrative stories may help reduce ethnic health disparities.

Gene required for plant growth at warmer temperatures discovered
Researchers have discovered a new gene that enables plants to regulate their growth in different temperatures.

Employers and workers can join forces to keep diabetes under control
People with diabetes who enroll in a health plan tailored to their medical condition are more likely to stick to their medication and actively take charge of their own health care.

Switching to public transport or cycling/walking to get to work might help shed the pounds
Switching from driving to work to using public transport, walking, or cycling might help commuters shed weight within a couple of years, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Mercury's core dynamo present early in planet's history
The Messenger spacecraft, which crash-landed into Mercury just a few days ago, found traces of magnetization in Mercury's crust, a new study reports.

International Tree Nut Council supports study on nut consumption and colorectal cancer
In a large prospective study published online in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers looked at the association between nut consumption and risk of colorectal cancer among 75,680 women in the Nurses' Health Study, with no previous history of cancer.

Cells amplify messenger RNA levels to set protein levels
Messenger RNA levels dictate most differences protein levels in fast-growing cells when analyzed using statistical methods that account for noise in the data, according to a new study by researchers from the University of Chicago and Harvard University.

Evolution in action: Mate competition weeds out GM fish from population
Purdue University research found that wild-type zebrafish consistently beat out genetically modified Glofish in competition for female mates, an advantage that led to the disappearance of the transgene from the fish population over time.

How climate science denial affects the scientific community
Climate change denial in public discourse may encourage climate scientists to over-emphasize scientific uncertainty and is also affecting how they themselves speak -- and perhaps even think -- about their own research, a new study from the University of Bristol, UK argues.

Epilepsy drug could help treat Alzheimer's disease
University of British Columbia researchers say a new epilepsy drug holds promise as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

Malaria parasite's essential doorway into red blood cells illuminated
Researchers at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health and the Broad Institute have identified a protein on the surface of human red blood cells that serves as an essential entry point for invasion by the malaria parasite.

Plugging in your vision's autostabilization feature
Just like cameras with an autostabilization feature, our eyes execute an imperceptible reflex that prevents our vision from blurring when we, or our field of vision, are in motion.

Fragments of tRNA suggest a novel mechanism for cancer progression
Researchers discover that particular genetic fragments, of a type of RNA known as transfer RNA, or tRNA, appear to be capable of reducing the growth and spread of breast cancer cells.

Lopsided star explosion holds the key to other supernova mysteries
New observations of a recently exploded star are confirming supercomputer model predictions made at Caltech that the deaths of stellar giants are lopsided affairs in which debris and the stars' cores hurtle off in opposite directions.

Healthcare spending for privately insured children with diabetes rises sharply, 2011-2013
Per capita health care spending for children with diabetes covered by employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) grew faster than for any other age group with diabetes, rising 7 percent from 2011 to 2012 and 9.6 percent from 2012 to 2013, according to a study released today by the Health Care Cost Institute.

New anti-cancer stem cell compound in development
Cardiff University scientists have developed a novel anti-cancer stem cell agent capable of targeting aggressive tumor-forming cells common to breast, pancreas, colon and prostate cancers.

ALMA discovers proto super star cluster -- a cosmic 'dinosaur egg' about to hatch
Astronomers using ALMA have discovered what may be the first known example of a globular cluster about to be born: an incredibly massive, extremely dense, yet star-free cloud of molecular gas.

Electrons corralled using new quantum tool
Researchers have succeeded in creating a new 'whispering gallery' effect for electrons in a sheet of graphene -- making it possible to precisely control a region that reflects electrons within the material.

Female cystic fibrosis patients need more contraceptive guidance, study finds
Only half of women with cystic fibrosis report using contraception and frequently apt to become pregnant unintentionally, according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

CRISPR genome editing tools are transforming research in medicine, nutrition, and agriculture
Researchers have customized and refined a technique derived from the immune system of bacteria to develop the CRISPR-Cas9 genome engineering system, which enables targeted modifications to the genes of virtually any organism.

BIO World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology names Industrial Biotechnology its official journal
The Biotechnology Industry Organization's prestigious World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology has selected Industrial Biotechnology, led by co-editors-in-chief Glenn Nedwin, Ph.D., MoT, and Larry Walker, Ph.D., and published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers, as its official journal.

A deadly shadow: Measles may weaken immune system up to 3 years
A new study by Princeton University shows that children may actually live in the immunological shadow of measles for up to three years -- leaving them highly susceptible to a host of other deadly diseases. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to