Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 15, 2015
Activity after ICD implantation may predict survival
Patients who stayed active following ICD implantation had better survival rates.

New article from Brain: A Journal of Neurology
An article, 'Smaller amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex predict escalating stimulant use,' published online on May 13 in Brain: A Journal of Neurology has found that individual differences in brain structure could help to determine the risk for future drug addiction.

Studies find pharmacists help patients control blood pressure
An University of Iowa researcher will discuss studies finding that care teams including a pharmacist helped patients control their hypertension.

50 years of social issues in Singapore
'50 Years of Social Issues in Singapore' is the first book to be published and launched in the World Scientific book series to commemorate Singapore's 50 years of nation building.

NTU Singapore hosts global ICT conference highlighting innovations that advance open development
ICTD 2015, the International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development will see the latest research advances in ICTs in education, health, e-government and politics, disability and infrastructure, mobile communication and agriculture.

Exploring a new frontier of cyber-physical systems: The human body
Today the National Science Foundation announced two, five-year, center-scale awards totaling $8.75 million to advance the state-of-the-art in medical and cyber-physical systems.

Fee-for-service health care may lead to higher risk for robotic prostate surgery patients
A 'perverse disincentive' for hospitals that have invested in expensive technology for robotic surgery may be jeopardizing prostate cancer patients who seek out the procedure, concluded a new study led by Henry Ford Hospital researchers.

New mobile app extends outreach of SAWBO educational videos
Scientific Animations without Borders created an Android app, enabling outreach workers in developing countries to download and share animated educational videos about topics in health and agriculture.

Solving streptide from structure to biosynthesis
Bacteria speak to one another using peptide signals in a soundless language known as quorum sensing.

Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage
An international study published in the journal Nature Communications points the way toward wider, more effective use of biocompatible materials in repairing human tissues.

Phage spread antibiotic resistance
Investigators found that nearly half of the 50 chicken meat samples purchased from supermarkets, street markets, and butchers in Austria contained viruses that are capable of transferring antibiotic resistance genes from one bacterium to another -- or from one species to another.

Translating thought to print
Researchers explore mechanics of silk to design materials.

ASGCT Annual Meeting: Ana Buj Bello receives the Outstanding New Investigator Award
Dr. Ana Buj Bello, Inserm research scientist and head of the neuromuscular disorders team at Genethon, received the Outstanding New Investigator Award from the American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy (ASGCT) at the 18th Annual Meeting (May 13-16, 2015/New Orleans).

EuroPCR 2015 news tips: Treatment delays, radial 'paradox,' transcatheter valves, and more
EuroPCR 2015, the world-leading course in interventional medicine, runs from May 19-22, 2015, at the Palais des Congres in Paris, France.

New test detects drug use from a single fingerprint
Research published today in the journal Analyst has demonstrated a new, noninvasive test that can detect cocaine use through a simple fingerprint.

Myriad validates active surveillance threshold with Prolaris® for men with prostate cancer
Myriad presented clinical data for its Prolaris test at the 2015 American Urological Association Annual Meeting that showed the significant ability of the Prolaris test to help physicians improve care for men diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Researchers discover new ways to shut down signals involved in brain diseases
A research team based at the University of Eastern Finland and the Turku Centre for Biotechnology have found new ways to block a pathway that may be responsible for several brain disorders, which could open the door to developing better treatments.

Quantum physics on tap
A nano-sized faucet offers experimental support for a longstanding quantum theory.

George Lucas foundation grants $5 million to MSU for science, math and literacy education
Michigan State University and partners will create a model for teaching elementary students science thanks to $5 million grant from a George Lucas Foundation.

Penn research points to omega-3 as an intervention for childhood behavioral problems
A new study by Penn researchers now suggests that omega-3, a fatty acid commonly found in fish oil, may have long-term neurodevelopmental effects that ultimately reduce antisocial and aggressive behavior problems in children.

Latest figures show decline in federal funding for R&D, equipment, facilities in FY 2013
Federal agency funding for research and development and R&D plant (facilities and fixed equipment used for R&D) fell by 9 percent in fiscal year 2013, according to a new InfoBrief from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.

UTHealth research: Grass plants can transport infectious prions
Grass plants can bind, uptake and transport infectious prions, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Raising groundwater keeps valleys from sinking: Santa Clara Valley, Calif.
California and other parts of the western US are experiencing extended severe drought conditions.

Where the rubber meets the road
Persson, a scientist at the J├╝lich Research Center in Germany, and his colleagues have now uncovered new velocity and temperature-dependent properties of rubber friction on asphalt -- bolstering the idea that an important component of friction originates when chains of rubber molecules repeatedly stick to the road, stretch, and then release.

New life for old data
A new research paper, published in the Biodiversity Data Journal, demonstrates how XML markup applied to texts using the GoldenGate editor can address the challenges presented by unstructured legacy data.

Epilepsy has been found to reduce the generation of new neurons
Amanda Sierra and Juan Manuel Encinas, Ikerbasque researchers at the Achucarro Achucarro Basque Center for Neuroscience have discovered a new property of hippocampal neural stem cells by using an epilepsy model in genetically modified mice.

Exercise, however modest, found progressively beneficial to the elderly
Even exercise of short duration and low intensity has life expectancy benefits for the elderly.

Celebrating 50 years of the lives of women in Singapore
The book explores and documents how women's roles, choices, and voices in Singapore have changed in the last 50 years.

Men far less likely to prevent, screen for osteoporosis
While the consequences of osteoporosis are worse in men than women -- including death -- older males are far less likely to take preventive measures against the potentially devastating bone-thinning disease or accept recommendations for screening, according to startling new research by North Shore-LIJ Health System geriatricians.

New study finds that many probiotics are contaminated with traces of gluten
More than half of popular probiotics contain traces of gluten, according to an analysis performed by investigators at the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University Medical Center.

Chemical tags in ear bones track Alaska's Bristol Bay salmon
A chemical signature recorded on the ear bones of Chinook salmon from Alaska's Bristol Bay region could tell scientists and resource managers where they are born and how they spend their first year of life.

Antiviral compound may protect brain from pathogens, West Nile virus study shows
Researchers have found that an antiviral compound may protect the brain from invading pathogens.

New research: Stroke risk and too much sleep; genes that make the body salt-sensitive
High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects one-third of -- or 70 million -- US adults, and the healthcare costs associated with treating the disease are approximately $46 billion.

It's best to make friends of friends
Bonding with a friend of a friend is something most humans gravitate toward naturally, or at least Facebook likes to think so every time it suggests friends for you to 'friend.' But a certain four-legged predator, the spotted hyena, seems to know the benefits of this type of social bonding instinctively, according to a new study from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis.

Over 50 years of marine litter research now available to all in new book
University of Exeter researcher, professor Tamara Galloway, has contributed to one of the most expansive summaries of our knowledge of man-made litter in the world's oceans to date.

Corporate greed
That gut feeling many workers, laborers and other underlings have about their CEOs is spot on, according to three recent studies in major business journals that say CEO greed is bad for business.

Pain reliever investigation wins top NIH Addiction Science Award
A project identifying novel compounds that could be used for pain relief was awarded a first place Addiction Science Award at the 2015 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair -- the world's largest science competition for high school students.

Tackling obesity needs a number of magic bullets
Plymouth is playing host to a national conference on obesity, featuring some of the UK's leading academics and clinicians on the subject.

Age-friendly communities essential to urban elders' well-being, journal says
The future of communities around the world will in large part be determined by the efforts to achieve a high quality of life for their older citizens, according to the latest issue of Public Policy & Aging Report, titled 'Making a Home in the City: The Age-Friendly Community Movement.'

Fresh theories about dark matter
The results of the work led by Tom Broadhurst, the Ikerbasque researcher of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, challenge the accepted view that dark matter is made up of heavy particles.

Typhoon Dolphin looms over Guam
Typhoon Dolphin passed through the Northern Marianas today just to the north of Guam with sustained winds estimated at 95 knots.

BMC wins 2015 Greenhealth Emerald Award and Circles of Excellence Climate Award
Boston Medical Center is the recipient of the 2015 Greenhealth Emerald Award and the Circles for Excellence Award by Practice Greenhealth in recognition of the hospital's sustainability efforts and innovation.

EuroPCR 2015, the world-leading course for cardiovascular interventions
EuroPCR 2015, the world-leading course in interventional medicine, runs from May 19-22, 2015, at the Palais des Congres in Paris.

New publication explores complex roles of dietary fats and oils in health and innovation
Authors of a newly published Advances in Nutrition supplement explore the state of nutrition science and guidance on lipids in supporting a well-balanced diet.

New guidelines aim to resolve conflicts in treating critically ill patients
Who should decide what life-prolonging medical treatments the intensive care patient should receive: the clinician or the patient's family?

Aging baby boomers, childless and unmarried, at risk of becoming 'elder orphans'
With an aging baby boomer population and increasing numbers of childless and unmarried seniors, nearly one-quarter of Americans over age 65 are currently or at risk to become 'elder orphans,' a vulnerable group requiring greater awareness and advocacy efforts, according to new research by a North Shore-LIJ geriatrician and palliative care physician.

Random nanowire configurations increase conductivity over heavily ordered configurations
Researchers at Lehigh University have identified for the first time that a performance gain in the electrical conductivity of random metal nanowire networks can be achieved by slightly restricting nanowire orientation.

Revealing the ocean's hidden fertilizer
Phosphorus is one of the most common substances on Earth.

Little Bobtail Lake fire in British Columbia
The MODIS instrument on the Aqua satellite captured this image of the Little Bobtail Lake fire in British Columbia, Canada.

Scientists gather in DC to tackle phosphorus sustainability issues
Researchers from Arizona State University and 40 other scientists, engineers, technical experts and policy makers from around the world, are convening in Washington, D.C.

The world's first mercury-free film-type ultraviolet light source
The world's first new mercury-free light source that produces ultraviolet radiation for medical applications has been developed at Kobe University, Japan.

Science research collaboration, reference management and authoring technology launched by Faculty of 1000
F1000Workspace, a research collaboration, reference management and authoring platform for scientists, launches this week.

Even Olympic athletes have cardiac abnormalities and may be at risk of CVD
Even athletes whose performance and fitness are at the very highest level may have life-threatening cardiovascular abnormalities.

Cancer survivors have evolving information needs
Judging by the nature and topics of their information seeking, cancer patients' information needs appear to differ depending on the type of cancer they have and where they are in their survivorship.

New screening method for prostate cancer recurrence
Researchers in the Quantitative Light Imaging Laboratory at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois used spatial light interference microscopy in order to identify patients at higher risk for prostate cancer recurrence.

Researchers call for interdisciplinary look at sexual violence on campus
National thought leaders convened at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health yesterday for a symposium identifying gaps in understanding the prevention of sexual violence on college campuses, calling for a broad interdisciplinary agenda for the next generation of research on a significant problem that became front-page news around the country this year.

Probing iron chemistry in the deep mantle
Previous research had shown that upper mantle carbonates are magnesium-rich and iron-poor.

New tool to save salmon: Isotope tracking
Salmon carry a strontium chemical signature in their 'ear bones' that lets scientists identify specific streams where the fish hatched and lived before they were caught at sea.
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