Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 18, 2015
UTSW's Dr. Madhukar Trivedi receives American Psychiatric Association's top research award
Dr. Madhukar Trivedi, Director of the Center for Depression Research and Clinical Care at UT Southwestern Medical Center and an internationally recognized expert in depression and mood disorders, is receiving the 2015 American Psychiatric Association Award for Research, the Association's most significant award for research.

US West's power grid must be prepared for impacts of climate change
Arizona State University researchers say in coming decades a changing climate will pose challenges to operations of power generation facilities, especially in the Western United States.

Study finds wide variation in carotid artery stenting outcomes
Hospitals performing carotid artery stenting vary considerably in rates of in-hospital stroke or death -- from 0 to 18 percent overall and from 1.2 to 4.7 percent when accounting for variation in health of patients at admission, according to a study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Living in social groups may lessen the impacts of a chronic illness in wild animals
Living in a social group has many benefits for wildlife but is often assumed to come at the cost of increased disease risk.

Seals threaten Scottish cod stock recovery
Predatory seals are constraining the recovery of cod stocks in Scottish West coast waters, research led at the University of Strathclyde suggests.

New options for spintronic devices: Switching magnetism between 1 and 0 with low voltage near room temperature
Scientists from Paris and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin have been able to switch ferromagnetic domains on and off with low voltage in a structure made of two different ferroic materials.

Wearables may get boost from boron-infused graphene
Flexible, wearable electronics may benefit from graphene microsupercapacitors infused with boron and made with a common laser.

NNCO & MOSF to collaborate on nanotechnology and 3D printing panels at Awesome Con
The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office and the Museum of Science Fiction have teamed up for this year's Awesome Con to present two exciting panels, Nanotechnology: Fact from Fiction and 3D Printing: 'Replicating' Success.

Climate change's future impact uncertain on Midwest water cycle, Dartmouth-led study finds
Will climate change make the US Midwest drier or wetter during the summer growing season?

Wearable bionics on display in Dublin
A bionic bra, sweat-analysis watch and a movement-monitoring knee sleeve will be part of a display this week at a showcase of Irish-Australian research collaboration.

Stereotactic body radiation therapy appears to help some patients with pancreatic cancer
Two studies from Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers add to preliminary evidence that high-dose radiation treatment, called stereotactic body radiotherapy, appears to be safe and as effective as standard radiation treatment for certain patients with pancreatic cancer whose tumors are advanced but have not spread.

Youth dance classes score low in physical activity
For parents who send their kids to dance classes to get some exercise, a new study from researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine suggests most youth dance classes provide only limited amounts of physical activity.

Predictors of risk for COPD exacerbations in patients using inhaled medications
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, being female, and certain scores on the St.

Research4Life HINARI wins MLA's 2015 Darling Medal (Outstanding Health Science Collection)
The Medical Library Association and Research4Life partnership announced today that the HINARI program has received the MLA's 2015 Louise Darling Medal for Collection Development in the Health Sciences.

University of Montana research finds evidence of non-adaptive evolution within cicadas
University of Montana Assistant Professor John McCutcheon has once again discovered something new about the complex and intriguing inner workings of the cicada insect.

Gel filled with nanosponges cleans up MRSA infections
Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego developed a gel filled with toxin-absorbing nanosponges that could lead to an effective treatment for skin and wound infections caused by MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), an antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Study examines concussion, cognition, brain changes in retired NFL players
A preliminary study of retired National Football League players suggests that history of concussion with loss of consciousness may be a risk factor for increased brain atrophy in the area involved with memory storage and impaired memory performance later in life, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Computing at the speed of light
Utah engineers have developed an ultracompact beamsplitter -- the smallest on record -- for dividing light waves into two separate channels of information.

Researchers make progress engineering digestive system tissues
New proof-of-concept research suggests the potential for engineering replacement intestine tissue in the lab, a treatment that could be applied to infants born with a short bowel and adults having large pieces of gut removed due to cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.

Going my way? We think so, if we really want to get there, NYU study finds
Whether we're buying a ticket to a movie, catching a train, or shopping for groceries, the more committed we are to achieving that goal, the more likely we are to assume others have exactly the same objective, a study by New York University researchers shows.

Bigger capsules may be long-sought key for transplanting islet cells
Changing the size of cell-carrying spheres may surmount the difficulties that have bedeviled diabetes researchers trying to ferry insulin-producing islet cells into hosts as a way to treat type 1 diabetes.

Maternal obesity compromises babies' immune system at time of birth
Maternal obesity is linked to several adverse health outcomes for the infant that can persist into adulthood.

Imagination beats practice in boosting visual search performance
Practice may not make perfect, but visualization might. New research shows that people who imagined a visual target before having to pick it out of a group of distracting items were faster at finding the target than those who did an actual practice run beforehand.

Significant differences in achieving risk factor targets between women and men
There is a striking and statistically significant difference in how women and men are treated following a heart attack.

Sleep apnea common among patients undergoing heart procedure
Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, a coronary artery widening procedureused to treat heart disease, are at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea, according to new research presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Team science is better science
A Michigan State University researcher helped write a groundbreaking new report from the National Research Council that concludes scientific research is increasingly dominated by teams -- a promising approach that is also rife with challenges.

Not all women with dense breasts need more imaging; ACP advises 'smarter' cancer screening
Not all women with dense breasts are at high enough risk for breast cancer to justify additional imaging after a normal mammogram, according to a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Atrial fibrillation after surgery increases risk of heart attacks and strokes
An irregular heartbeat following surgery known as post-operative atrial fibrillation often is dismissed as a transient phenomenon.

Sleep apnea linked to depression in men
Severe obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness are associated with an increased risk of depression in men, according to a new community-based study of Australian men, which was presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

New species of marine roly poly pillbug discovered near Port of Los Angeles
A new research paper published in the open access journal ZooKeys reports on a discovery made during a Los Angeles class fieldtrip -- a new species of marine pillbug.

Beached iceberg helps reveal ecological impact of sea-ice changes
The grounding of a giant iceberg in Antarctica has provided a unique real-life experiment that has revealed the vulnerability of marine ecosystems to sudden changes in sea-ice cover.

Discovery paves way for homebrewed drugs
A research team led by UC Berkeley bioengineers has completed key steps needed to turn sugar-fed yeast into a microbial factory for producing morphine and potentially other drugs, including antibiotics and anticancer agents.

Concussion in former NFL players related to brain changes later in life, UTSW study finds
In the first study of its kind, former National Football League players who lost consciousness due to concussion during their playing days showed key differences in brain structure later in life.

Hard to understand, harder to remember
Studies have shown that individuals with hearing loss or who are listening to degraded speech -- think of a loud room -- have greater difficulty remembering and processing the spoken information than individuals who heard more clearly.

Adding genetic information to risk profile of smokers improves adherence to lung cancer screening
Researchers have found that adding genetic information to a former or current smoker's clinical risk profile results in a reclassification of their risk for lung cancer in about one in four patients.

Study: Many people in emergency department for chest pain don't to be admitted
Chest pain sends 7 million Americans to the ED each year.

UCI neurobiologists restore youthful vigor to adult brains
They say you can't teach an old dog new tricks.

Pulmonary rehabilitation helps patients newly diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea
Pulmonary rehabilitation treatment could be a valuable addition to comprehensive therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, according to a new study.

Scientists discover bacterial cause behind fatal heart complications
Researchers at the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health have discovered a key cause of life threatening heart complications, which frequently follow severe infections with the bacteria responsible for pneumonia and meningitis.

Study finds non-invasive colon cancer screening may be promising for African-Americans
In a first-of-its-kind clinical trial, physician-scientists at University Hospitals Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine found that a new non-invasive technology for colon cancer screening is a promising alternative to colonoscopy for African-Americans.

Researchers quantify proportion of different genetic mutations in individual bowel cancers
A study published in the leading cancer journal Annals of Oncology has, for the first time, quantified the different mutational profiles of clusters of cells in individual tumors in patients with bowel cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.

Air pollution and impaired lung function are independent risk factors for cognitive decline
Studies have shown that both air pollution and impaired lung function can cause cognitive deficits, but it was unclear whether air pollution diminishes cognition by reducing breathing ability first or whether air pollution represents an independent risk factor for cognitive deficit.

Electricity generating nano-wizards
Scientists had long known that in conducting materials the flow of energy in the form of heat is accompanied by a flow of electrons.

Patients seek greater ownership of health-care decisions
Patients faced with a choice of surgical options want to engage their physicians and take a more active role in decision-making, according to a study released at DDW 2015.

Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care
The results showed that microclinics cut in half the normal rate of disengagement from care, which was defined as missing a clinic appointment by 90 days or more, when compared to the control group, and reduced the perceived stigma of HIV by 25 percent within the larger community.

Historical land use an important factor for carbon cycling in northern lakes
The historical past is important in understanding environmental conditions today and predicting how these might change in the future.

Stable overall suicide rate among young children obscures racial differences
The overall suicide rate among children ages 5 to 11 was stable during the 20 years from 1993 to 2012 but that obscures racial differences that show an increase in suicide among black children and a decrease among white children, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Cyberheart research begins with virtual models, mathematics and NSF support
The NSF is supporting the early development of medical and cyber-physical systems that fuse software and hardware and go beyond today's pacemakers.

OU geologist collaborates on study to determine mechanism associated with fault weakening
A University of Oklahoma structural geologist and collaborators are studying earthquake instability and the mechanisms associated with fault weakening during slip.

Noted urologist calls attention to implications of flawed prostate specific antigen data in SEER
NCI recently announced that it had removed all PSA data from the SEER and SEER-Medicare programs.

Urine-based test improves on PSA for detecting prostate cancer
A new urine-based test improved prostate cancer detection -- including detecting more aggressive forms of prostate cancer -- compared to traditional models based on prostate serum antigen, or PSA, levels, a new study finds.

Study discovers how pancreatic cancer spreads to the liver
An international team led by Weill Cornell Medical College investigators has illuminated the precise molecular steps that enable pancreatic cancer to spread to the liver -- the event that makes the most common form of the disease lethal.

Jumping spiders are masters of miniature color vision
Jumping spiders were already known to see in remarkably high resolution, especially considering that their bodies are less than a centimeter long.

Poll finds many Americans know someone who has abused prescription painkillers
Results of a new poll show that in an era when concern about drug abuse has been very high, more US adults are concerned about prescription painkiller abuse than about heroin.

Substance abuse risk not greater in those using medical marijuana with prescribed opioids
Among people who use medical cannabis for chronic pain, those who also take prescription pain medications are not at increased risk for serious alcohol and other drug involvement, according to a study in the May issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Computational design improves potency of a broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibody
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that increasing the stability of an HIV-1-targeting broadly neutralizing antibody improves efficacy.

Report recommends new approach to college drinking
Social media messaging, screening and interventions offer new tools to help colleges prevent and reduce excessive drinking, according to a report authored by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher, working with a group of experts.

New school-based program helps reduce absentee rate for urban minority children with asthma
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in children, and it can only be managed, not cured.

Missing molecule prevents puberty
A molecule important in blood vessel formation and brain wiring is also essential for the onset of puberty, finds new research led by UCL.

What hundreds of biomolecules tell us about our nerve cells
Researchers at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine, of the University of Luxembourg, have, under Dr.

Brain scans show birds of a feather do flock together
In a study using functional magnetic resonance imaging, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists found that our inherent risk-taking preferences affect how we view and act on information from other people.

When citizens disobey
New study suggests people use 'constructive noncompliance' to enact change.

UC-led obesity research finds leptin hormone isn't the overeating culprit
For years, scientists have pointed to leptin resistance as a possible cause of obesity.

Brain learning simulated via electronic replica memory
Scientists are attempting to mimic the memory and learning functions of neurons in the human brain.

How harmful male genitalia can impact reproduction in other species
Male Callosobruchus chinensis seed beetles have spines on their genitalia, which increase their fertilization success but injure a female's reproductive tract -- especially a female of a related species called Callosobruchus maculatus.

New cryptic amphipod discovered in West Caucasus caves
An international team of scientists have discovered a new species of typhlogammarid amphipod in the limestone karstic caves of Chjalta mountain range -- the southern foothills of the Greater Caucasus Range.

AGA honors GI physicians, educators and mentors through annual awards
The American Gastroenterological Association is pleased to recognize the 2015 Research and Recognition Award winners, who were honored this past weekend at Digestive Disease Week® 2015 in Washington, D.C.

Signs of ancient earthquakes may raise risks for New Zealand
Researchers have uncovered the first geologic evidence that New Zealand's southern Hikurangi margin can rupture during large earthquakes.

Why don't we recycle Styrofoam? (video)
You might be eating your lunch out of one right now, or eating your lunch with one right now.

A blood test for early detection of breast cancer metastasis
Research findings from Lund University in Sweden now provide new hope for a way of detecting metastases significantly earlier than is currently possible.

Temper, anxiety, homework trouble are medical issues? Many parents don't realize it
Many parents of children age 5-17 don't discuss behavioral or emotional issues that could be signs of potential health problems with their doctors.

UM-based cooperative research institute receives $125 million award, renewed agreement
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration awarded the Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies up to $125 million to fund the consortium's activities over the next five years.

Suicide trends in school-aged children reveal racial disparity
While overall suicide rates in children younger than 12 years have remained steady, a new study shows increasing rates in black children and decreasing rates in white children.

Academic medical centers at risk of a 'Kodak moment' if they fail to adapt
Today's academic medical centers need to embrace the changing healthcare marketplace or run the risk of becoming the next Kodak -- a former industrial giant that became obsolete when it failed to adapt to a shifting technological landscape.

Singing spiders, bleating pandas, better headphones and more
Wind turbines causing cluckus interruptus in prairie chickens, tranquility at a conservation center, better blood pressure monitors with wearables, and a vibrational analysis of graphite tennis rackets are just some of the highlights from the lay-language versions of papers to be presented at the 169th ASA meeting, held May 18-22 in Pittsburgh.

Key strategies can boost donations at crowdfunding sites, Stanford experts say
Stanford computer scientists have shown how crowdfunding websites can use data science to boost cash value of donations.

Ecosystem management that ignores 'taboo tradeoffs' is likely to fail
Research published today recommends a new approach to the difficult tradeoffs that environmental managers face when choosing between environmental sustainability and profitability.

Mitigating effects of xenon emissions
The world's experts in nuclear explosion monitoring teamed up with pharmaceutical producers from across the globe in Brussels, Belgium, from 12 to 14 May 2015, to address a growing challenge to nuclear test monitoring.

Menopausal hormone therapy increases risk of gastrointestinal bleeding
Current users of menopausal hormone therapy are more than twice as likely than non-users to develop lower gastrointestinal bleeding and ischemic colitis, especially if they use the therapy for longer durations, according to a study that was released today at Digestive Disease Week® 2015.

Reshaping mountains in the human mind to save species facing climate change
People commonly perceive mountains as pyramid-shaped masses that steadily narrow as they slope upward.

UCSF-led study explains how early childhood vaccination reduces leukemia risk
A team led by UCSF researchers has discovered how a commonly administered vaccine protects against acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the most common type of childhood cancer.

Organic nanoparticles, more lethal to tumors
Radiotherapy used in cancer treatment is a promising treatment method, albeit rather indiscriminate.

Why New York has the best bagels in the world (video)
This week, Reactions takes on New York City's bagel supremacy.

Baby teethers are a novel source of infant exposure to endocrine disruptors
A new study has found that endocrine disrupting chemicals -- which can interfere with the actions of hormones in the body -- are present in some plastic teethers for babies, and the chemicals can leach out of the products.

Study: 44 percent of parents struggle to limit cell phone use at playgrounds
A new University of Washington study finds that cell phone use at playgrounds is a significant source of parental guilt, and that caregivers absorbed in their phones ignored children's requests for attention more than half the time.

Population benefits of sexual selection explain the existence of males
Biologists have long puzzled over why males are necessary for reproduction.

Study highlights ways to boost weather and climate predictions
Long range weather forecasts and climate change projections could be significantly boosted by advances in our understanding of the relationship between layers of the Earth's atmosphere -- the stratosphere and troposphere.

Agriculture, declining mobility drove humans' shift to lighter bones
Modern lifestyles have famously made humans heavier, but, in one particular way, noticeably lighter weight than our hunter-gatherer ancestors: in the bones.

New device successfully captures metastasis-associated circulating tumor cell clusters
The latest version of a microfluidic device for capturing rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is the first designed specifically to capture clusters of two or more cells, rather than single cells.

Studying dynamics of ion channels
Scientists from the Vaziri lab at the Vienna Biocenter, together with colleagues at the Institute for Biophysical Dynamics at the University of Chicago, have developed a method using infrared spectroscopy and atomistic modeling that would allow to better understand the mechanism behind the extreme ion selectivity and transport properties in ion channels.

NASA tracks Typhoon Dolphin on approach to Iwo To
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over a weakening Typhoon Dolphin on May 18 as it moved closer to Iwo To island, Japan, in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

NAS and NAM announce initiative on human gene editing
The National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine are launching a major initiative to guide decision making about controversial new research involving human gene editing.

Penn researchers develop liquid-crystal-based compound lenses that work like insect eyes
Researchers have shown how liquid crystals can be employed to create compound lenses similar to those found in nature.

Shift work can affect your health
A new study from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health determined that employees who work shifts outside of a 9-to-5 schedule are more likely to be overweight and experience sleep problems, and possibly more likely to develop metabolic disorders, such as diabetes, compared to workers following traditional work schedules.

Men with asthma less likely to develop lethal prostate cancer
In what they are calling a surprising finding in a large study of men who completed questionnaires and allowed scientists to review their medical records, Johns Hopkins researchers report that men with a history of asthma were less likely than those without it to develop lethal prostate cancer.

Climate change altering frequency, intensity of hurricanes
Climate change may be the driving force behind fewer, yet more powerful hurricanes and tropical storms, says a Florida State geography professor.

New link between ocean microbes and atmosphere uncovered
Few things are more refreshing than the kiss of sea spray on your face.

California suicide prevention program demonstrates promise, studies find
California has undertaken an unprecedented public education effort intended to reduce stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, prevent suicides and improve the mental health of students across the state.

Lung cell phenotype reverts when seeded onto decellularized lung matrix
Researchers seeded type II lung epithelial cells into a decellularized lung matrix to study their function and report the unexpected finding that instead of differentiating into type I lung cells, they instead transitioned to become mesenchymal cells, as would occur in wound healing.

ACP releases High Value Care screening advice for 5 common cancers
In a paper published in Annals of Internal Medicine, the American College of Physicians issued advice for screening average risk adults without symptoms for five common cancers: breast, colorectal, ovarian, prostate, and cervical.

Pockmarks on the lake bed
An unusual and unexpected discovery: on the floor of Lake Neuchâtel, geologists have happened upon huge underwater craters -- some of the largest in the world to be found in lakes.

Mobile phone bans lead to rise in student test scores
Banning cellphones in schools reaps the same benefits as extending the school year by five days, according to a study co-authored by an economist at The University of Texas at Austin.

Champalimaud Foundation researcher awarded the ERC advanced grant
The newly awarded research grant is the second consecutive ERC advanced grant awarded to Dr.

Designing better medical implants
A team of MIT researchers found that the geometry of implantable devices has a significant impact on how well the body will tolerate them.

UMD scientist to develop virtual 'CyberHeart' to test, improve implantable cardiac devices
A University of Maryland expert in the model-based testing of embedded software is working to accelerate the development of improved implantable medical devices used in the treatment of heart disease.

The road to successful uterus transplantation to restore fertility
Swedish clinicians recently reported the first live birth after uterus transplantation, which was followed by two more uneventful births and another pregnancy that is near term.

Adolescents, drugs and dancing
A new NYU study is the first to examine the sociodemographic correlates of rave attendance and relationships between rave attendance and recent (12-month) use of various drugs in a representative US sample of high school seniors.

Blood test to detect traumatic brain injury could reduce unnecessary CT scans
New study results show that a simple blood test to measure brain-specific proteins released after a person suffers a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can reliably predict both evidence of TBI on radiographic imaging and injury severity.

Dartmouth team creates first hidden, real-time, screen-camera communication
Opening the way for new applications of smart devices, Dartmouth researchers have created the first form of real-time communication that allows screens and cameras to talk to each other without the user knowing it.

Efficiency record for black silicon solar cells jumps to 22.1 percent
The researchers from Finland's Aalto University and Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya have obtained the record-breaking efficiency of 22.1 percent on nanostructured silicon solar cells as certified by Fraunhofer ISE CalLab.

Gender-science stereotypes persist across the world
The Netherlands had the strongest stereotypes associating science with men more than women, according to a new Northwestern University study that included data from nearly 350,000 people in 66 nations.

Diagnostic errors linked to high incidence of incorrect antibiotic use
New research finds that misdiagnoses lead to increased risk of incorrect antibiotic use, threatening patient outcomes and antimicrobial efficacy, while increasing healthcare costs.

Forecasting future infectious disease outbreaks
Machine learning can pinpoint rodent species that harbor diseases and geographic hotspots vulnerable to new parasites and pathogens.

Unique exposure for middle school students
This year, the Broadcom Foundation-supported Broadcom MASTERS® International program once again provided a rare opportunity for collaboration between middle-school-age scientists and engineers from around the world, bringing together students from 16 countries who share a passion for STEM -- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math.

AGA Research Foundation funds new wave of young GIs
The American Gastroenterological Association Research Foundation is pleased to reveal its 2015 research award recipients.

Collaborative research team solves cancer-cell mutation mystery
Approximately 85 percent of cancer cells obtain their limitless replicative potential through the reactivation of a specific protein called telomerase.

Cooling children after cardiac arrest provides no significant benefit
A recent clinical trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine and co-authored by the Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center (DMC) Chief of Critical Care and Wayne State University School of Medicine Professor of Pediatrics Kathleen L.

Plant dispersal insights may aid climate change predictions
Explanations for why the same plant groups occur in Australia, New Zealand, and South America have been deeply controversial.

Exposure of US population to extreme heat could quadruple by mid-century
US residents' exposure to extreme heat could increase four- to six-fold by mid-century, due to both a warming climate and a population that's growing especially fast in the hottest regions of the country, according to new research by NCAR scientists.

Study: Blood thinner safe for cancer patients with brain metastases
Cancer patients with brain metastases who develop blood clots may safely receive blood thinners without increased risk of dangerous bleeding, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Physical training helps women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder that affects 5 to 10 percent of the female population of fertile age, often experience sexual dysfunction and low self-esteem, but a new study shows that physical resistance training can help.

Early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes may reduce heart disease and mortality
Screening to identify type 2 diabetes followed by early treatment could result in substantial health benefits, according to new research that combined large scale clinical observations and innovative computer modeling.

F1000 and ORCID partner to launch first standard for citing peer review activities
Researchers faced with an ever-growing number of manuscripts and grant applications requiring peer review are to be properly recognized for their efforts thanks to the launch of a new sector standard for citing peer review activities.

Task force offers recommendations on epilepsy treatments in women and girls
The anti-epilepsy drug valproate should be avoided whenever possible in women who may become pregnant due to a high risk of malformations and developmental problems in babies who are exposed to the drug before birth.

UTSW Center for Depression Research and Clinical Care established with $5 million gift from Hersh Foundation
The Hersh Foundation has made a $5 million lead gift to Southwestern Medical Foundation to help establish the Center for Depression Research and Clinical Care at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Engineers and scientists to examine antibiotic resistance in food chain from farm to fork
Amy Pruden, professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech, a pioneer in examining environmental sources and pathways of antibiotic resistance genes as emerging contaminants, is leading an interdisciplinary $2.25 million USDA grant on antibiotic resistance to hopefully improve food safety.

RAND study finds association between teen sleep patterns and alcohol or marijuana use
Studying adolescents in Southern California, researchers found that the link between sleep and alcohol/marijuana use was consistent even after controlling for other known risk factors, such as depression.

Louisiana Tech University named a Center of Academic Excellence for cyber education
The National Security Agency and the US Department of Homeland Security have designated Louisiana Tech University as a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Education.

Study proposes common mechanism for shallow and deep earthquakes
A new study published online in Nature Geosciences by a research team led by University of California, Riverside geologists reports that a universal sliding mechanism operates for earthquakes of all depths -- from the deep ones all the way up to the crustal ones.

Beyond the poppy: A new method of opium production
Moonshiners and home-brewers have long used yeast to convert sugar into alcohol.

Readmissions in severe sepsis are as common as those in heart failure and pneumonia
Severe sepsis is a significant cause of rehospitalization along the lines of nationally recognized outcome measures and more commonly discussed conditions such as heart failure and pneumonia, said Darya Rudym, M.D., New York University School of Medicine, New York, lead author of a study presented at the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Chronic illness causes less harm when carnivores cooperate
Gray wolves in Yellowstone National Park have given researchers the first scientific evidence from wild mammals that living in a group can lessen the impacts of a chronic disease.

Novel insights in MET-proto-oncogene might lead to optimizing cancer treatment
MET is involved in pathogenesis of several tumors and therefore an interesting target for future therapies currently tested in clinical trials.

NYU researchers ID part of the brain for processing speech
A team of NYU neuroscientists has identified a part of the brain exclusively devoted to processing speech, helping settle a long-standing debate about role-specific neurological functions.

Pactamycin analogs offer new, gentler approach to cancer treatment
Researchers are pursuing a new concept in treatment of cancer, by using two promising 'analogs' of an old compound that was once studied as a potent anti-tumor agent, but long ago abandoned because it was too toxic.

New chemical catalysts are less expensive, more sustainable
Yale University chemists have helped develop a family of new chemical catalysts that are expected to lower the cost and boost the sustainability of the production of chemical compounds used by a number of industries.

Microclinics help keep Kenyan HIV patients in care
A team led by researchers from UC San Francisco, Organic Health Response, and Microclinic International is reporting results of a study that showed significant benefits of microclinics -- an innovative intervention that mobilized rural Kenyan HIV patients' informal social networks to support their staying in care.

Evaluating adverse cardiac events in patients with chest pain at hospital admission
Patients with chest pain who are admitted to the hospital after an emergency department evaluation with negative findings and nonconcerning vital signs rarely had adverse cardiac events, suggesting that routine inpatient admission may not be a beneficial strategy for this group of patients, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

How the immune system controls the human biological clock in times of infection
An important link between the human body clock and the immune system has relevance for better understanding inflammatory and infectious diseases.

I knew it was you by the sound of your (whale) voice
The same theory that explains individual differences in human speech has recently been applied to other members of the animal kingdom, including dogs and deer.

Australian researcher helps with Ebola vaccine trials
An Australian researcher has helped identify the kind of human trial that is most effective for testing Ebola vaccines.

Janssen Supply Chain expands collaboration with Rutgers with $6 million in funding
Janssen Supply Chain has furthered its strategic partnership with the Rutgers University School of Engineering by providing over $6 million to expand ongoing research efforts supporting the company's introduction of continuous manufacturing techniques for pharmaceuticals.

Researchers find brain area that integrates speech's rhythms
A team led by scientists at Duke University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has discovered an area of the brain that is sensitive to the timing of speech.

Stanford scientists discover how microbes acquire electricity in making methane
Stanford University scientists have solved a long-standing mystery about methanogens, unique microorganisms that transform electricity and carbon dioxide into methane.

Research community comes together to provide new 'gold standard' for genomic data analysis
Cancer research leaders at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Oregon Health & Science University, Sage Bionetworks, the distributed DREAM community and The University of California Santa Cruz published the first findings of the ICGC-TCGA-DREAM Somatic Mutation Calling Challenge today in the journal Nature Methods.

The extent of toxin accumulation in birds off the coast of Canada
Toxins known as perfluoroalkyl substances have become virtually ubiquitous throughout the environment, and various national and international voluntary phase-outs and restrictions on these compounds have been implemented over the last 10 to 15 years.

UTHealth establishes biosafety and infectious disease training initiative
Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health have received a $100,000 supplemental grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to establish a Biosafety and Infectious Disease Training Initiative.

'Imperfect drug penetration' speeds pathogens' resistance, study finds
Prescribing patients two or more drugs that do not reach the same parts of the body could accelerate a pathogen's resistance to all of the drugs being used in treatment, according to new research published today.

'Eternal flames' of ancient times could spark interest of modern geologists
Seeps from which gas and oil escape were formative to many ancient cultures and societies.

Microchip captures clusters of circulating tumor cells -- NIH study
Researchers have developed a microfluidic chip that can capture rare clusters of circulating tumor cells, which could yield important new insights into how cancer spreads.
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