Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 2015
The Bronze Age Egtved Girl was not from Denmark
One of the best-known Danish Bronze Age finds, the Egtved Girl from 1370 BC, was not born in Egtved, Denmark, reveals new research from the National Museum of Denmark and University of Copenhagen.

Clinical trial shows intuitive control of robotic arm using thought
Through a clinical collaboration between Caltech, Keck Medicine of USC and Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a 34-year-old paralyzed man is the first person in the world to have a neural prosthetic device implanted in a region of the brain where intentions are made, giving him the ability to perform a fluid hand-shaking gesture, drink a beverage, and even play 'rock, paper, scissors,' using a robotic arm.

Hubble observes one-of-a-kind star nicknamed 'Nasty'
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered surprising new clues about a hefty, rapidly aging star whose behavior has never been seen before in our Milky Way galaxy.

New insights into global ocean microbe-virus interactions, drivers of Earth's ecosystems
Ocean microbes are vital to the Earth's ecosystems, and their interactions with ocean viruses can have dramatic effects on processes ranging from oxygen production to food supply.

Naval Research Laboratory patents compact orbital debris sensor
In Low Earth Orbit, where many space-based assets reside, small debris objects are of concern not only due to their abundance, but because they are often difficult to track or even detect on a routine basis.

Memories influence choice of food
The stronger our memory is of a certain food, the more likely we are to choose it -- even if it is the more unattractive option.

Helping doctors predict what's next for patients diagnosed with Hepatitis C
As more Baby Boomers are tested for hepatitis C, an improved patient risk model developed by the University of Michigan Health System, may help target expensive medications to those with the highest risk for developing serious liver problems.

Premature aging: Scientists identify and correct defects in diseased cells
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and CNRS, in collaboration with scientists from the Institut Gustave Roussy and CEA, have succeeded in restoring normal activity in cells isolated from patients with the premature aging disease Cockayne syndrome.

Mood instability common to mental health disorders and associated with poor outcomes
A study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London has shown that mood instability occurs in a wide range of mental disorders and is not exclusive to affective conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety disorder.

Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes' quest for fire
The eastern diamondback rattlesnake has lost 97 percent of its habitat since becoming an American icon on the Revolutionary-era 'Don't Tread on Me' flag.

Social structure 'helps birds avoid a collision course'
The sight of skillful aerial maneuvring by flocks of Greylag geese to avoid collisions with York's Millennium Bridge intrigued mathematical biologist Dr.

New species of ancient intruder discovered in England
A 425-million-year-old fossil is the first parasite of its kind to be found intact with its host.

The flight of the oryx
Qatar's capital city, Doha, is set to emerge as a major knowledge hub, with its educated, high-tech workforce and its international connectivity.

Joint conference on serious games
The Joint Conference on Serious Games takes place on June 3-4.

How supercooled water is prevented from turning into ice
Water behaves in mysterious ways. Especially below zero, where it is dubbed supercooled water, before it turns into ice.

Health-care policy should not focus on finance, says research
Focusing on finance could jeopardize the long-term survival of our health care systems, according to a study published in Value in Health.

Personalized care during eye visits didn't lower HbA1c levels for diabetics
Providing personalized education and risk assessment for patients with diabetes when they visit the ophthalmologist did not improve glycemic control as measured by hemoglobin A1c levels compared with patients who received usual care, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Modern alchemy: TSRI chemists devise synthesis of valuable exotic compounds
Chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a broad and strikingly inexpensive method for synthesizing 'amines,' a class of organic compounds prominent in drugs and other modern products.

Inland ice in Antarctica melting fast
Many glaciers on the Southern Antarctic Peninsula -- a region previously thought to be stable compared to other glacier masses in Antarctica -- became destabilized in 2009, and they have been melting at accelerating rates ever since, researchers say.

Research identifies best treatment for blood pressure in diabetic kidney disease
Blood pressure lowering drugs do not improve life expectancy among adults with diabetes and kidney disease, a new study of the global evidence published today in The Lancet reveals.

Brain tumors: Millimeter by millimeter towards a better prognosis
A method known as navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been gaining importance in neurosurgery for some time now.

Best and safest blood pressure treatments in kidney and diabetes patients compiled
The first definitive summary of the best and safest blood pressure lowering treatments for kidney disease and diabetes patients has been compiled by New Zealand doctor and researcher Associate Professor Suetonia Palmer.

NOAA's GOES-R satellite begins environmental testing
The GOES-R satellite, slated to launch in 2016, is ready for environmental testing.

Requiem for an ancient tongue worm
Researchers have discovered the 425-million-year-old fossil remains of a new species of parasite, still attached to the host animal it invaded long ago.

Rubber is produced using renewable raw materials
TECNALIA and KEREON Partners have set up a new technology-based enterprise to produce biological rubber.

Tel Aviv University awards highest honors to leading policymakers and intellectuals
In a moving ceremony on May 14 during Tel Aviv University's annual Board of Governors meeting, the university conferred its most distinguished awards on a remarkable group of international figures recognized for their professional and social contributions to science, innovation, business, philanthropy, defense, the arts, and for their abiding support of the State of Israel.

Case of Guatemalans at Iowa plant reflects desperation amid globalization
Many undocumented workers from Latin America risk migrating to the US to take jobs in which they will be exploited because they are fleeing desperate situations and see opportunities to help their families.

Snacking on protein can improve appetite control and diet quality in teens
Although eating high-protein, afternoon snacks can aid appetite control in adults, little information exists to guide parents on what types of snacks might benefit their adolescent children.

Douglas study on neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb
A new study published by the team of Naguib Mechawar, Ph.D., a researcher at the Douglas Institute, suggests that the integration of new neurons in the adult brain is a phenomenon more generally compromised in the brains of depressed patients.

Why you need one vaccine for measles and many for the flu
While the influenza virus mutates constantly and requires a yearly shot that offers a certain percentage of protection, old reliable measles needs only a two-dose vaccine during childhood for lifelong immunity.

Implants read intentions of tetraplegic patient from brain activity
Microelectrodes implanted in the brain of a tetraplegic patient have helped scientists anticipate his intended movements so they could steer a robotic arm accordingly, a new report shows.

Robot masters new skills through trial and error
UC Berkeley researchers have developed algorithms that enable robots to learn motor tasks through trial and error using a process that more closely approximates the way humans learn, marking a major milestone in the field of artificial intelligence.

Emoticons may signal better customer service ;)
Online customer service agents who use emoticons and who are fast typists may have a better chance of putting smiles on their customers' faces during business-related text chats, according to researchers.

Time is muscle in acute heart failure
Urgent diagnosis and treatment in acute heart failure has been emphasized for the first time in joint recommendations published today in the European Heart Journal.

Anti-stroke drug effective treatment for middle-ear infections, researchers say
An existing anti-stroke drug is an effective treatment for middle-ear infections, showing the ability to suppress mucus overproduction, improve bacterial clearance and reduce hearing loss, according to researchers at Georgia State University and the University of Rochester.

Pliability, elasticity of skin increase following wrinkle treatment with Botox
Skin pliability and elasticity improved after treatment with onabotulinum toxin (Botox) for mild facial wrinkles and the effect lasted for up to four months, according to a report published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

Continuous glucose monitoring with real-time measurement devices has added benefit
Real-time CGM has advantages for HbA1c control -- this is the result of the final report now published by IQWiG.

Hiding your true colors may make you feel morally tainted
The advice, whether from Shakespeare or a modern self-help guru, is common: Be true to yourself.

Blood to feeling: McMaster scientists turn blood into neural cells
Stem cell scientists at McMaster can now directly convert adult human blood cells to both central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) neurons as well as neurons in the peripheral nervous system (rest of the body) that are responsible for pain, temperature and itch perception.

Penn researchers show that mental 'map' and 'compass' are two separate systems
In a new study in mice, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that mental 'map' and 'compass' systems work independently.

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals in baby teethers
In laboratory tests, two out of 10 teethers, plastic toys used to sooth babies' teething aches, release endocrine-disrupting chemicals.

Thunder god vine used in traditional Chinese medicine is a potential obesity treatment
An extract from the thunder god vine, which has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine, reduces food intake and causes up to a 45 percent decrease in body weight in obese mice.

How our gut changes across the life course
Scientists and clinicians on the Norwich Research Park have carried out the first detailed study of how our intestinal tract changes as we age, and how this determines our overall health.

NEI awards Case Western Reserve up to $3.3 million to develop two-photon ophthalmoscope
Imagine an instrument that peers deep inside the eye and sees how well the retina's cells function.

Turn that defect upside down
Most people see defects as flaws. A few Michigan Technological University researchers, however, see them as opportunities.

Phages transducing antibiotic resistance detected in chicken meat
Bacteria resistant to antibiotics are on the rise. There are different explanations for how resistances are transferred.

Agricultural fires in Angola, West Africa
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite collected this natural-color image which detected dozens of fires burning in southwestern Africa on May 21, 2015.

Planktonic world: The new frontier
On May 22, in a special issue of Science, an international, team of scientists maps the biodiversity of a wide range of planktonic organisms, exploring their interactions - mainly parasitic, and how they impact and are affected by their environment, primarily the temperature.

Report on expanded success initiative points to changes in schools
A new report on New York City's Expanded Success Initiative, which is designed to boost college and career readiness among Black and Latino male students, finds that the schools involved are changing the way they operate and offering students opportunities they would not otherwise have.

International study of advanced prostate cancer genome finds potential targets for drug therapy
First study of the genomic composition of prostate cancer shows many patients have gene mutations that can be targeted with existing or potential drugs.

Supercomputer unlocks secrets of plant cells to pave the way for more resilient crops
Scientists from IBM Research and the Universities of Melbourne and Queensland have moved a step closer to identifying the nanostructure of cellulose -- the basic structural component of plant cell walls.

Beyond average
Two separate research teams have developed high-throughput techniques to quickly, easily and inexpensively give every individual cell in a sample a unique genetic barcode.

Team publishes findings about compound with potential for treating rheumatoid arthritis
The June issue of the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics features a study on a chemical compound with potential for treating rheumatoid arthritis.

CWRU dental researchers find some immune cells change to prolong inflammation
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine have unraveled one of the mysteries of how a small group of immune cells work: That some inflammation-fighting immune cells may actually convert into cells that trigger disease.

Japanese Global Health Fund expands portfolio to include diagnostics and drugs for leishmaniasis
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), which in the last two years has funded almost $32 million for innovative tools to tackle global infectious diseases, today announced additional investments of nearly $11 million that bring its portfolio to approximately $43 million.

Infections can affect your IQ
New research shows that infections can impair your cognitive ability measured on an IQ scale.

Our bond with dogs may go back more than 27,000 years
Dogs' special relationship to humans may go back 27,000 to 40,000 years, according to genomic analysis of an ancient Taimyr wolf bone reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on May 21.

EuroPCR 2015: New data clarify leaflet thickening in TAVI and surgical aortic prostheses
New data released today at EuroPCR 2015 suggest that thickening of the valve leaflets following implantation of a transcatheter or surgical aortic valve bioprosthesis is relatively rare, not linked to short-term clinical events, and not unique to any one type of valve.

Lowly 'new girl' chimps form stronger female bonds
Low-ranking 'new girl' chimpanzees seek out other gal pals with similar status, finds a new study.

Plant receptors with built-in decoys make pathogens betray themselves
Receptors carrying built-in decoys are the latest discovery in the evolutionary battle between plants and pathogens.

Controlling a robotic arm with a patient's intentions
Neural prosthetic devices implanted in the brain's movement center, the motor cortex, can allow patients with amputations or paralysis to control the movement of a robotic limb -- one that can be either connected to or separate from the patient's own limb.

Tara Oceans expedition yields treasure trove of plankton data
In five related reports in this issue of the journal Science, a multinational team of researchers who spent three and a half years sampling the ocean's sunlit upper layers aboard the schooner Tara unveil the first officially reported global analyses of the Tara Oceans consortium.

Sudden onset of ice loss in Antarctica detected
A group of scientists, led by a team from the University of Bristol, UK has observed a sudden increase of ice loss in a previously stable region of Antarctica.

'Measuring stick' standard for gene sequencing now available from NIST
The world's first reference material to help ensure laboratories accurately 'map' DNA for genetic testing, medical diagnoses and future customized drug therapies is now available from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Development of face perception in Japanese children
Face perception plays an important role in social communication. Here, Japanese research team led by Dr Miki Kensuke and Prof Ryusuke Kakigi, in National Institutes of Natural Sciences, investigated the development of face perception in Japanese children, by using electroencephalogram.

Seven projects to make progress on ethics and global food security in five years
Johns Hopkins experts lead an international group that has issued an ambitious five-year agenda to tackle some of the most complex ethical issues involved in ensuring the global population has enough sustainably produced safe and nutritious food.

Here's looking at you: ONR tests new glasses for augmented reality system with Marines
Marines were able to turn a lush golf course into a hostile battleground complete with tanks, mortar fire and smoke at a demonstration on May 21 using an augmented reality training system from the Office of Naval Research.

Celiac-safe wheat and preemie pain detection among new LSDF awards
Celiac disease-safe wheat, premature infant pain detection, and new medicines to fight flu and cancer are among the ideas to receive $2.9 million in funding from Washington's Life Sciences Discovery Fund.

Obese teens' brains unusually susceptible to food commercials, Dartmouth study finds
A Dartmouth study finds that TV food commercials disproportionately stimulate the brains of overweight teen-agers, including the regions that control pleasure, taste and -- most surprisingly -- the mouth, suggesting they mentally simulate unhealthy eating habits that make it difficult to lose weight later in life.

Obesity and weight loss change splicing pattern of obesity and type 2 diabetes genes
Alternative splicing of obesity and type 2 diabetes related genes may contribute to the pathophysiology of obesity, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland.

Partly human yeast show a common ancestor's lasting legacy
Despite a billion years of evolution separating humans from the baker's yeast in their refrigerators, hundreds of genes from an ancestor that the two species have in common live on nearly unchanged in them both, say biologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

Mission possible: This device will self-destruct when heated
Where do electronics go when they die? Most devices are laid to eternal rest in landfills.

Scientists unveil prostate cancer's 'Rosetta Stone'
Almost 90 percent of men with advanced prostate cancer carry genetic mutations in their tumors that could be targeted by either existing or new cancer drugs, a landmark new study reveals.

New methods to study sound generated by wind power plants
A new two-year research project on sound produced by wind power plants was launched at Lappeenranta University of Technology in May.

Cost of wages and lack of competence the greatest obstacles to productivity improvement
According to small and medium-sized enterprises, sizable social security and other wage-related costs still form the single greatest obstacle for improving productivity.

For pollock surveys in Alaska, things are looking up
Scientists from NOAA's Alaska Fisheries Science Center have turned their view of the nation's largest fishery upside down with upward-facing sonar systems that are mounted to the seafloor and monitor the passage of fish above.

Switching off brain circuit renders mice 'out of touch' with environment
New research suggests that the apparent simplicity of tactile sensation comes from a clever two-stage brain circuit.

Odds are that chronic gamblers are often also depressed
If a young man is a chronic gambler, the chances are extremely high that he also suffers from depression.

New biotechnology for high efficiency purification of live human cells
Cell therapies require a purification step that isolates the desired cell types from contaminating cells.

Bacteria cooperate to repair damaged siblings
A certain type of soil bacteria can use their social behavior of outer membrane exchange to repair damaged cells and improve the fitness of the bacteria population as a whole.

Simulations predict flat liquid
Computer simulations have predicted a new phase of matter: atomically thin two-dimensional liquid.

Using healthy skin to identify cancer's origins
Normal skin contains an unexpectedly high number of cancer-associated mutations, according to a study published in Science.

TGen-Baylor precision medicine collaboration will increase options for cancer patients
The Translational Genomics Research Institute and Baylor Research Institute at Dallas today announce an agreement that will focus on accelerating early detection and treatments for patients with a broad range of cancers.

People with depression may be more likely to develop Parkinson's disease
People with depression may be more likely to develop Parkinson's disease, according to a large study by researchers at Umeå University, Sweden, published on 20 May, 2015, in the online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

UC Davis gets federal grant to fund research on online learning
A federal grant will allow the study of K-12 virtual schooling in Florida.

Workplace intervention improves sleep of employees' children
A workplace intervention designed to reduce employees' work-family conflict and increase schedule flexibility also has a positive influence on the sleep patterns of the employees' children.

Savannahs slow climate change
Tropical rainforests have long been considered the Earth's lungs, sequestering large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and thereby slowing down the increasing greenhouse effect and associated human-made climate change.

Mosquito sex-determining gene could help fight dengue fever
Researchers with the Fralin Life Science Institute have identified a gene responsible for sex determination in mosquitoes that can transmit yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya viruses.

New model predicts fish population response to dams, other ecological factors
Researchers have developed a model to assess how dams affect the viability of sea-run fish species that need to pass dams as they use both fresh and marine waters during their lifetimes.

Smoking and drug abuse could more than triple annual ER visits
Smokers are four times more likely than non-smokers to become frequent visitors of emergency rooms, according to findings uncovered by a preliminary study led by Jessica Castner, a University at Buffalo emergency room utilization researcher.

EBV co-infection may boost malaria mortality in childhood
Malaria researchers at Emory are calling attention to a trouble-maker whose effects may be underappreciated: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

Human stem cell model reveals molecular cues critical to neurovascular unit formation
Using human embryonic stem cells, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center and Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute created a model that allows them to track cellular behavior during the earliest stages of human development in real-time.

York U researchers to look for patterns in patient data from ManagingLife's pain diary app
A digital journal of pain occurrences maintained by the users of an innovative Manage My Pain app will be the key source for their upcoming study, York University psychology researchers say.

CHOP's Dr. Michael Levine receives Master of the American College of Endocrinology Award
Michael A. Levine, M.D., FACE, chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, received the Master of the American College of Endocrinology Award from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists on Saturday, May 16.

Study: Hey, advertising and marketing pros! Before you 'go thin,' think again
Marketers and advertisers who default to the 'thin ideal' -- the belief that thinner is better -- could be alienating up to 70 percent of their audience, said James Roberts, Ph.D., The Ben H.

Symbiosis turns messy in 13-year cicadas
Bacteria that live in the guts of cicadas have split into many separate but interdependent species in a strange evolutionary phenomenon that leaves them reliant on a bloated genome, a new paper by CIFAR Associate Fellow John McCutcheon's lab (University of Montana) has found.

Raising a glass to the holidays
Asking people about what they drink on holidays and other special occasions shows we drink around the equivalent of 12 million more bottles of wine a week than we previously thought in England.

Lawrence Livermore researchers use seismic signals to track above-ground explosions
Lawrence Livermore researchers have determined that a tunnel bomb explosion by Syrian rebels was less than 60 tons as claimed by sources.

Similarities between cancerous and normal skin cells
Normal human skin cells harbor a surprisingly large number of un-inherited mutations that crop up over time, including many known cancer-promoters that help to drive tumor growth, researchers say.

Low stent thrombosis rates with primary PCI, regardless of antithrombotic choice
Stent thrombosis following urgent angioplasty for acute heart attack occurred in less than 1 percent of patients in a large, 'real-world' registry, regardless of whether the antithrombotic treatment used during the procedure was bivalirudin, heparin alone, or a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor (typically in combination with heparin).

Researchers discover molecular approach to promote cancer cell death
Lung cancer researchers at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have discovered a novel strategy to exploit apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death, for the treatment of lung cancer.

Study uses farm data to aid in slowing evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds
Although researchers and industry personnel have made recommendations to slow the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds, an understanding of the patterns and causes of the resistance has been limited.A recently published study by weed scientists at the University of Illinois and USDA-ARS, looking at glyphosate-resistant waterhemp, is providing valuable evidence that points to management practices as the driving force behind herbicide resistance, and that herbicide mixing, as opposed to herbicide rotation, is the most effective tool in managing resistance.

OU professor named recipient of prestigious DOE Lawrence award
University of Oklahoma Professor Jizhong Zhou will receive the US Department of Energy's highest scientific award from US Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz in a ceremony in Washington, D.C., later this year.

Can a viral co-infection impair immunity against Plasmodium and turn malaria lethal?
It is known that infections with certain viruses can weaken the immune response to another pathogen.

Scientists announce top 10 new species for 2015
A cartwheeling spider, a bird-like dinosaur and a fish that wriggles around on the sea floor to create a circular nesting site are among the species identified by the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry as the Top 10 New Species for 2015.

Cooling the cloud: Binghamton Ph.D. student sets sights on improving data-center efficiency
Data centers are one of the largest and fastest-growing consumers of electricity in the United States.

75th Scientific Sessions press conference schedule
The American Diabetes Association is happy to share the press conference schedule for our upcoming 75th Scientific Sessions, the world's foremost meeting on diabetes, being held June 5-9, 2015 at the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center in Boston.

CloudSat analyzed the eye of Typhoon Dolphin
When Dolphin was a typhoon on May 16, NASA's CloudSat satellite completed a stunning eye overpass of Typhoon Dolphin in the West Pacific at 0412 UTC (12:12 a.m.

What would it take to limit climate change to 1.5°C?
A new study analyzes the required climate policy actions and targets in order to limit future global temperature rise to less than 1.5°C by 2100.

Mayo Clinic, Phoenix Children's Hospital study highlighted during Dog Bite Prevention Week
Prior studies have shown that most dog bite injuries result from family dogs.

New chemical technology boosts potency of targeted cancer therapy
A new chemical technology uses cancer cells' own protein-degrading machinery to destroy, rather than merely inhibit, cancer proteins.

UC Davis study finds significant cost savings in pediatric telemedicine consults
Researchers at UC Davis have conducted a comprehensive study to determine whether pediatric telemedicine consultations with rural emergency departments save money compared to telephone consults.

EARTH: Flames fan lasting fallout from Chernobyl
In the years following the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster, forest fires billowed plumes of contaminated smoke, carrying radioactive particles throughout Europe on the wind.

New study challenges claims on aldehyde content of third generation e-cigarettes
In January 2015 a report published as a research letter to the New England Journal of Medicine found that a third generation e-cigarette -- an e-cigarette with variable power settings -- set to the maximum power and long puff duration generated levels of formaldehyde that, if inhaled in this way throughout the day, would several times exceed formaldehyde levels that smokers get from cigarettes.

Experts map surgical approaches for auditory brainstem implantation
A technique called auditory brainstem implantation can restore hearing for patients who can't benefit from cochlear implants.

Fine particulate air pollution associated with increased risk of childhood autism
Exposure to fine particulate air pollution during pregnancy through the first two years of the child's life may be associated with an increased risk of a child developing autism spectrum disorder, a condition that affects one in 68 children, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health investigation of children in southwestern Pennsylvania.

What drives advanced prostate cancer? New study describes genomic landscape
In a major advance in precision medicine, an international collaboration of researchers found 90 percent of castration resistant metastatic prostate cancers harbored some kind of genetic anomaly that could drive treatment choices.

UH pharmacy students honored for service, clinical skills
University of Houston pharmacy students wrapped up the spring semester with awards for excellence in professional service, clinical skills and disease management, earning kudos at the state level from the Texas Society of Health-System Pharmacists.

Genetic maps help conservation managers maintain healthy bears
Scientists at the University of Missouri have conducted a comprehensive genetic study of American black bears throughout North America.

Energy Secretary Moniz announces 2014 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award winners
US Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced nine exceptional US scientists and engineers as recipients of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for their contributions in research and development that supports the Energy Department's science, energy and national security missions.

Researcher awarded $4.9 million grant from California Institute for Regenerative Medicine
Shaomei Wang, MD, PhD, a research scientist in the Eye Program at the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, received a $4.9 million grant from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to advance her work in retinitis pigmentosa, a type of degenerative retinal disease.

Field study shows how a GM crop can have diminishing success at fighting off insect pest
A new study finds the toxin in a widely used genetically modified (GM) crop is having little impact on the crop pest corn earworm -- which is consistent with predictions made almost 20 years ago that were largely ignored.
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