Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 22, 2015
This Slinky lookalike 'hyperlens' helps us see tiny objects
It looks like a Slinky suspended in motion. Yet this photonics advancement -- called a metamaterial hyperlens -- doesn't climb down stairs.

Faster heart rate linked to diabetes risk
An association between resting heart rate and diabetes suggests that heart rate measures could identify individuals with a higher future risk of diabetes, according to an international team of researchers.

More than two dozen articles provide insights on mummies
In a special issue, The Anatomical Record ventures into the world of human mummified remains.

New research leads to FDA approval of first drug to treat radiation sickness
New research has led the FDA to approve use of a drug to treat the effects of radiation exposure following a nuclear incident.

How to get high-quality RNA from chemically complex plants
RNA extraction is a notoriously tricky and sensitive lab procedure, but new protocols out of the University of Florida are quicker, more effective, and more reliable than previous methods.

Measles-flu comparison yields insights for vaccine design
By comparing flu viruses to the virus that causes measles, researchers fine-tuned a tool that may enable faster vaccine design.

An evolutionary heads-up
Animals with large brains are considered to be more intelligent and more successful than those with smaller brains.

Basel physicists develop efficient method of signal transmission from nanocomponents
Physicists have developed an innovative method that could enable the efficient use of nanocomponents in electronic circuits.

New study finds that proton therapy has fewer side effects in esophageal cancer patients
New research has found that esophageal cancer patients treated with proton therapy experienced significantly less toxic side effects than patients treated with older radiation therapies.

Cutting edge research and collegiality the focus of EuroPCR 2015
Technique, talk, and talent were three buzzwords at the 2015 EuroPCR congress.

From reverberating chaos to concert halls, good acoustics is culturally subjective
Play a flute in Carnegie Hall, and the tone will resonate and fill the space.

Subconscious learning shapes pain responses
In a new study led from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet, researchers report that people can be conditioned to associate images with particular pain responses - such as improved tolerance to pain -- even when they are not consciously aware of the images.

TGen's Dr. Daniel Von Hoff receives top honor from the Arizona Medical Association
Dr. Daniel D. Von Hoff, Distinguished Professor and Physician-In-Chief of the Translational Genomics Research Institute, will receive one of the top awards May 29 from the Arizona Medical Association.

Springer partners with IMISCOE on open-access journal and book series on migration
Springer announces a partnership with IMISCOE, the largest network of excellence on migration and diversity in the world, for the publication of their open-access journal Comparative Migration Studies and their book series IMISCOE Research Series.

Anticipating temptation may reduce unethical behavior, research finds
Ethical dilemmas can present a self-control conflict between pursuing immediate benefits through behaving dishonestly and pursuing long-term benefits through honesty.

BAMS article outlines 20-year process to create meteorological partnership between US and Cuba
In a forthcoming article in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, authors Dr.

Ames Laboratory intern awarded a NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
Former Ames Laboratory Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship student William Robin Lindemann has been awarded a prestigious scholarship from the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program.

Birds 'weigh' peanuts and choose heavier ones
A study carried out in Arizona by an international research team from Poland and Korea revealed that the Mexican Jays (Aphelocoma wollweberi) distinguish between heavier and lighter peanuts without opening the nuts.

Disaster investigations, relief may benefit from explosion-sizing innovation
Disaster investigators and emergency personnel may find themselves better able to assess and respond to terrorist attacks and industrial accidents with the aid of a new computational tool that determines the energy from explosions near the Earth's surface.

Deciphering clues to prehistoric climate changes locked in cave deposits
Jessica Oster and her colleagues have shown that the analysis of a stalagmite from a cave in north east India can detect the link between El Nino conditions in the Pacific Ocean and the Indian monsoon.

New computational technique advances color 3D printing process
Columbia Engineering professor Changxi Zheng has developed a technique that enables hydrographic printing, a widely used industrial method for transferring color inks on a thin film to the surface of 3D objects, to color these surfaces with the most precise alignment ever attained.

Vaccines developed for H5N1, H7N9 avian influenza strains
Researchers have developed vaccines for H5N1 and H7N9, two new strains of avian influenza that can be transmitted from poultry to humans.

University of Houston named center of excellence for work on cyber defense
The University of Houston's educational and research programs in cybersecurity and cyber defense have been recognized by the National Security Agency and the Department of Homeland Security.

Breastfeeding protects against environmental pollution
Living in a city with a high level of vehicle traffic or close to a steel works means living with two intense sources of environmental pollution.

Estuaries protect Dungeness crabs from deadly parasites
Parasitic worms can pose a serious threat to the Dungeness crab, a commercially important fishery species found along the west coast of North America.

Visualizing how radiation bombardment boosts superconductivity
Study shows how heavy-ion induced atomic-scale defects in iron-based superconductors 'pin' potentially disruptive quantum vortices, enabling high currents to flow unimpeded.

All sounds made equal in melancholy
Psychoacoustics identifies five basic types of emotional speech: angry, fearful, happy, sad and neutral.

Enhancing knowledge crucial to improving energy-saving behaviors, study shows
Increasing public knowledge and understanding about energy issues is vital if improved energy-saving behaviors are to be encouraged among individuals and organizations, a study conducted at Plymouth University suggests.

Scientists create mice with a major genetic cause of ALS and FTD
Scientists at Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla., created a novel mouse that exhibits the symptoms and neurodegeneration associated with the most common genetic forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease), both of which are caused by a mutation in the a gene called C9ORF72.

DNA samples from Purdue, Kew fungi collections provide key to mushroom 'tree of life'
Genetic material from fungi collections at Purdue University and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, helped a team of researchers resolve the mushroom 'tree of life,' a map of the relationships between key mushroom species and their evolutionary history that scientists have struggled to piece together for more than 200 years.

Nonfriction literature
Friction and wear costs the US at least $500 billion every year.

Building expertise to protect the Serengeti
Tanzania's Serengeti National Park is under severe pressure from human population growth and climate change.

American Indians disproportionately disciplined at school compared to white students
School disciplinary actions handed down to students at Utah public schools disproportionately impact American Indian children over all other ethnicities enrolled in the state's public education system, new research from the University of Utah S.J.

Mapping poaching threats: York ecologists and WCS develop new method
Ecologists from the University of York, together with the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Uganda Wildlife Authority, have developed a new method to better identify where poachers operate in protected areas.

Head injuries could result in neurodegenerative disease in rugby union players
A new article publishing online today in the Quarterly Journal of Medicine has reported the first case showing an association between exposure to head injuries in rugby union players and an increased risk in neurodegenerative disease.

Ledipasvir plus sofosbuvir: Hint of added benefit in further patient group
The documents subsequently submitted by the manufacturer show an advantage in sustained virologic response also for hepatitis C infection of genotype 1 with HIV coinfection without cirrhosis of the liver.
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