Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 27, 2015
Glacier changes at the top of the world
If greenhouse-gas emissions continue to rise, glaciers in the Everest region of the Himalayas could experience dramatic change in the decades to come.

Global study finds psychotic experiences infrequent in general population
Psychotic experiences were infrequent in the general population, with an average lifetime prevalence of ever having such an episode estimated at 5.8 percent, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

UMN research identifies potential proteins to target in osteosarcoma treatment
New models developed at the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota reveal the genes and pathways that, when altered, can cause osteosarcoma.

Global climate on verge of multi-decadal change
A study, published today in Nature, implies that the global climate is on the verge of a broad-scale change that could last decades.

AACR and Bayer partner to fund fellowships to advance cancer research
The American Association for Cancer Research and Bayer HealthCare are pleased to announce a new partnership that will expand AACR's Basic Cancer Research Fellowship Program for 2015.

Omitting market risk factor creates critical flaw in case-shiller home price indices
The method used to calculate Standard & Poor's Case-Shiller Home Price Indices, the most trusted benchmark for US residential real estate prices, contains a flaw that likely could lead to misstating its monthly estimates, according to a newly published study led by faculty at Florida Atlantic University.

Hodgkin's lymphoma: The treatment can have late sequelae
Hodgkin's lymphoma -- cancer of the lymph nodes -- arises in more than 150 children and adolescents in Germany each year.

Perfume researchers lend their noses to design less odorous latrines
About 2.5 billion people worldwide don't have access to sanitary toilets.

ACMG says ClinGen will be critical resource for interpretation of genome-scale testing
Tremendous advances have been made in decoding the human genome in recent years but critical questions remain regarding what these variants mean and how they can be applied in clinical practice.

How longhorned beetles find Mr. Right
A longhorned beetle's sexy scent might make a female perk up her antennae.

Dr. Gary Frishman authors editorial in Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Dr. Gary Frishman of Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University has recently published an editorial about second-look laparoscopy in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology.

A new era for genetic interpretation
In a paper published in The New England Journal of Medicine on May 27, a consortium including investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Partners HealthCare present ClinGen, a program to evaluate the clinical relevance of genetic variants for use in precision medicine and research.

False breast cancer alarm has negative impact on health
The psychological strain of being told that you may have breast cancer may be severe, even if it turns out later to be a false alarm.

Promising trial of brigatinib shows all next-gen ALK inhibitors may not be created equal
Phase I/II clinical trial results reported at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 show promising results for investigational drug brigatinib against ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer, with 58 of 78 ALK+ patients responding to treatment, including 50 of 70 patients who had progressed after previous treatment with crizotinib, the first licensed ALK inhibitor.

Scripps Florida scientists win $2.2 million to expand study of innovative obesity therapy
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded nearly $2.2 million by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to advance an innovative approach to the treatment of obesity, a serious health problem that affects more than one-third of all Americans.

Emily Cross wins first place at special awards
AGI's Intel ISEF Special Awards recognize three projects that best reflect the study of Earth and the mission of AGI, which aims to increase public awareness of the vital role of the geosciences to humanity and society.

Endoscopic removal of spinal tumor with the patient awake at Rhode Island Hospital
Albert Telfeian, M.D., a neurosurgeon at Rhode Island Hospital and Hasbro Children's Hospital, performed the first reported case of extracting the tumor endoscopically while the 16 year-old patient was awake and under a local anesthetic.

New human ancestor species from Ethiopia lived alongside Lucy's species
A new relative joins 'Lucy' on the human family tree.

Getting 'inked' may come with long-term medical risks, physicians warn
In what they believe to be the first survey of its kind in the United States, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have found that as many as 6 percent of adult New Yorkers who get 'inked' -- in other words, those who get a tattoo -- have experienced some form of tattoo-related rash, severe itching or swelling that lasted longer than four months and, in some cases, for many years.

Study in Nigeria finds 1 in 10 malaria drugs are poor quality
A rigorous analysis of more than 3,000 antimalarials purchased in Nigeria found 9.3 percent to be of poor quality, according to new research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

New online tool to predict genetic resistance to tuberculosis drugs
A new TB-Profiler tool, developed by scientists at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, analyses and interprets genome sequence data to predict resistance to 11 drugs used for the treatment of TB.

A sight for sore eyes: Visually training medical students to better identify melanomas
Research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is helping to improve the ability of medical students and health professionals to detect early forms of skin cancer.

Understanding and controlling the propagation of waves
The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) has successfully acquired funding for a new collaborative research center (CRC).

'Do' is better than 'don't' when it comes to eating better
Tell your child or spouse what they can eat and not what they can't.

What's fair?: New theory on income inequality
The increasing inequality in income and wealth in recent years, together with excessive pay packages of CEOs in the US and abroad, is of growing concern.

Eating a Mediterranean diet could cut womb cancer risk
Women who eat a Mediterranean diet could cut their risk of womb cancer by more than half (57 percent), according to a study published Wednesday in the British Journal of Cancer.

Large-scale analysis of medication data provides insights into who is covered by ACA
As the US Supreme Court considers the legality of tax subsidies to buy health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), an investigation led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health provides an unprecedented look at prescription data gleaned from over a million initial enrollees.

Starting antiretroviral treatment early improves outcomes for HIV-infected individuals
A major international randomized clinical trial has found that HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count--a key measure of immune system health -- is higher, instead of waiting until the CD4+ cell count drops to lower levels.

How container-grown plants capture sprinkler irrigation water
Container plants were used in three experiments to determine the effects of plant species, plant size, container size, container spacing, and sprinkler type on plants' ability to capture irrigation water.

On the trail of the clever snail
Animals, like humans, excel at some tasks but not others according to a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Expanding the code of life with new 'letters'
The DNA encoding all life on Earth is made of four building blocks called nucleotides, commonly known as 'letters,' that line up in pairs and twist into a double helix.

Dr. Hiroo Kanamori recognized as the 2015 Marcus Milling Legendary Geoscientist
Kanamori has been described as 'a towering figure in seismology and geophysics.' His discoveries have allowed geoscientists to better understand large earthquakes, and determine how they may impact earthquake and tsunami-prone communities.

ASU scientists play key role in new NASA Europa mission
NASA is sending a mission to see if Europa, an icy moon of Jupiter, has conditions suitable for life, and three Arizona State University scientists are involved with the mission's instruments.

Tablets can help elderly cross the 'digital divide'
One way to help the elderly cross what's known as the 'digital divide' is the use of tablets, those smaller, lighter, easy-to-use computers that seem to be taking the place of laptops.

Telemedicine exams result in antibiotics as often as regular exams, study finds
Telemedicine is growing rapidly, yet there is relatively little research about the quality of such services.

The analogy that builds human thought
Only human beings -- with rare exceptions -- are able to grasp analogies.

Using debt to maintain status quo leaves families on rocky road to recovery
Economically vulnerable families are increasingly willing to take on debt to maintain a basic standard of living -- a situation that can put them into a deep financial hole, according to a new University of Michigan study

Pitt's Arthur S. Levine, M.D., and 17 other med school deans speak out
Cuts in federal support and unreliable funding streams are creating a hostile work environment for scientists that jeopardizes the future of research efforts and ultimately clinical medicine, according to leaders of the nation's top academic medical centers in today's online issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Two UCSB professors receive Early Career Research Awards
Two faculty members have been named recipients of the US Department of Energy's Early Career Research Program awards.

Treatments of hot water with calcium found effective for kiwifruit
Researchers investigated effects of hot water combined with calcium dips on the quality of kiwifruit.

Researchers identify origin of chromosomal oddity in some cancer cells
A new technique allows scientists to connect specific genetic abnormalities to cell behavior.

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force releases National Invasive Lionfish Management Plan
An intergovernmental task force just released a new plan to prevent the spread of the invasive lionfish and to help manage lionfish in an effort to prevent further harm to marine ecosystems.

People with multiple sclerosis may have double the risk of dying early
New research suggests people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have double the risk of dying early compared to people without MS, with those younger than 59 at a three times higher risk.

Coping skills training in rheumaotoid arthritis research recognized by BSBS of MI
Mark A. Lumley, Ph.D., professor and director of the clinical psychology Ph.D. program at Wayne State University, recently received the 2015 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation McDevitt Excellence in Research Award in the area of clinical research.

Helping robots put it all together
A new algorithm lets autonomous robots divvy up assembly tasks on the fly.

Experiments in the realm of the impossible
Physicists of Jena University simulate for the first time charged Majorana particles -- elementary particles, which are not supposed to exist.

Homely men who misbehave can't win for losing
Women tolerate an unattractive man up to a point, but beware if he misbehaves.

Social media & archaeology -- a match not made in heaven
The social web is bound up in relations of power, control, freedom, labor and exploitation, with consequences that portend real instability for the cultural sector and for social welfare overall.

The Albian Gap, salt rock, and a heated debate
Salt rock behaves as a fluid and can play a pivotal role in the large-scale, long-term collapse of the world's continental margins.

This week from AGU: NASA Earth science, Climate change music, Tibetan Plateau evolution
This week from AGU: NASA Earth science, Climate change music and Tibetan Plateau evolution.

Medical millirobots offer hope for less-invasive surgeries
Seeking to advance minimally invasive medical treatments, researchers have proposed using tiny robots, driven by magnetic potential energy from magnetic resonance imaging scanners.

Challenging students benefit from limit setting
The teacher's interaction style can either foster or slow down the development of math skills among children with challenging temperaments.

Linking superconductivity and structure
Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity -- maintain a flow of electrons -- without any resistance.

Autism and rare childhood speech disorder often coincide
Some children with autism should undergo ongoing screenings for apraxia, a rare neurological speech disorder, because the two conditions often go hand-in-hand, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Programming probiotics for early detection of liver cancer metastases
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have described a new method for detecting liver cancer metastases in mice.

Why Americans can't buy some of the best sunscreens
With summer nearly here, US consumers might think they have an abundance of sunscreen products to choose from.

Mental health care access for teens improving, but less for communities with disparities
Teens in the US have more availability of mental health care than they did two years ago, but access is not equal in all communities.

UT study tackles evolution mystery of animal, plant warning cues for survival
Not every encounter between predator and prey results in death.

Sandwich system found effective in organic apple orchards
Scientists investigated four orchard floor management systems in an organic apple orchard and evaluated weed management, soil nutrient content, soil physical conditions, apple yield, quality, and storability for each.

Penn Medical School dean: Precision medicine is 'personalized, problematic, and promising'
The rapidly emerging field of precision medicine is a 'disruptive innovation' that offers the possibility of remarkably fine-tuned remedies to improve patient health while minimizing the risk of harmful side effects, says J.

GW researcher finds differences in RORA levels in brain may contribute to autism sex bias
Valerie Hu, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry and molecular medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, has found an important sex-dependent difference in the level of RORA protein in brain tissues of males and females.

West coast log and lumber exports decreased in first quarter of 2015
Log exports from Washington, Oregon, northern California, and Alaska totaled 272 million board feet in the first quarter of 2015, a decrease of nearly 16 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2014, the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station reported today.

Better, more affordable prosthetic knees bound for developing world
The 'All-Terrain Knee' -- a high-functioning, stable, durable and affordable prosthetic joint developed with Canadian government seed funding through Grand Challenges Canada enables lower-limb amputees to walk more efficiently, safely and comfortably.

Tumor surroundings are shown to affect progression of different cancer subtypes
Our environment can have a major impact on how we develop, and it turns out it's no different for cancer cells.

Girls receive conflicting career messages from media, new research shows
Teenage girls like and feel more similar to women in appearance-focused jobs such as models and actresses, though they find female CEOs and military pilots to be better role models, according to a new study by researchers at Oregon State University.

Notre Dame paper examines how students understand mathematics
A new paper by McNeil and Emily Fyfe, a former Notre Dame undergraduate who's now a doctoral student at Vanderbilt University, examines if the labels educators use to identify patterns affects preschoolers' understanding of patterns.

Brain signals contain the code for your next move
Is it possible to tap into the signalling in the brain to figure out what you will choose to do next?

Discovery shows what the solar system looked like as a 'toddler'
Astronomers have discovered a disc of planetary debris surrounding a young sun-like star that shares remarkable similarities with the Kuiper Belt that lies beyond Neptune, and may aid in understanding how our solar system developed.

Robots can recover from damage in minutes
A new paper in the journal Nature, called 'Robots That Can Adapt Like Animals,' shows how to make robots automatically recover from injury in less than two minutes.

NYU researchers examine obesity perceptions among Chinese-American adults in NYC
As the first to examine the accuracy of body weight perception in Chinese Americans, this study identified that approximately one-third of Chinese Americans incorrectly perceived their body weight.

3-D printing technique explored to help treat type 1 diabetes
Researchers from the Netherlands have explored how 3-D printing can be used to help treat type 1 diabetes in results presented today, Thursday, May 28, in IOP Publishing's journal Biofabrication.

Iowa researchers find ending Medicaid dental benefit costly
An University of Iowa study finds states gain little when dropping adult dental coverage.

Molecules involved in Alzheimer's have a role in weakening of connections between neurons
Dr. Graham Collingridge, from the University of Toronto, has found that molecules that are strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease are important players in a process called long-term depression (LTD).

Study identifies brain regions activated when pain intensity doesn't match expectation
Picture yourself in a medical office, anxiously awaiting your annual flu shot.

The safe use of flavorings in e-cigarettes
Flavorings typically used are food grade, which means that are usually ingested rather than inhaled.

'Hidden' fragrance compound can cause contact allergy
Linalyl acetate, a fragrance chemical that is one of the main constituents of the essential oil of lavender, is not on the list of allergenic compounds pursuant to the EU Cosmetics Directive.

An efficient approach to concentrate arbitrary N-particle W state
Multi-particle W state is useful in quantum information processing. In a practical application, the environmental noise can degrade the entanglement.

A better understanding of links between pain and anxiety reveals treatment opportunities
Anxiety is common in people suffering from chronic pain, and people with anxiety are more likely to suffer from chronic pain.

How spacetime is built by quantum entanglement
A collaboration of physicists and a mathematician has made a significant step toward unifying general relativity and quantum mechanics by explaining how spacetime emerges from quantum entanglement in a more fundamental theory.

When children with autism grow old
In the public consciousness, autism spectrum disorder only affects children.

Are antidepressants more effective than usually assumed?
Many have recently questioned the efficacy of the most common antidepressant medications, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Tiny parasite may contribute to declines in honey bee colonies by infecting larvae
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered that a tiny single-celled parasite may have a greater-than expected impact on honey bee colonies, which have been undergoing mysterious declines worldwide for the past decade.

Importance of clinically actionable results in genetic panel testing for cancer
While advances in technology have made multigene testing, or 'panel testing,' for genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast or other cancers an option, authors of a review published today in the New England Journal of Medicine say larger studies are needed in order to provide reliable risk estimates for counseling these patients.

CU-Boulder instrument selected for NASA mission to Europa
A University of Colorado Boulder instrument has been selected to fly on a NASA mission to Jupiter's icy moon, Europa, which is believed to harbor a subsurface ocean that may provide conditions suitable for life.

Scientists identify key to preventing secondary cancers
Leading scientists from the University of Sheffield and University of Copenhagen have identified a possible key to preventing secondary cancers in breast cancer patients, after discovering an enzyme which enhances the spread of the disease.

Microbes collected by citizen scientists and grown on the International Space Station
Do microbes grow differently on the International Space Station than they do on Earth?

Healthy Hearts Northwest helps small and mid-sized practices
With Qualis Health, Oregon Rural Practice Research Network at Oregon Health & Science University, and Institute of Translational Health Sciences, MacColl Center for Health Care Innovation at Group Health Research Institute is inviting small- and medium-sized primary-care practices in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho to participate in Healthy Hearts Northwest: Improving Practice Together, part of EvidenceNOW: Advancing Heart Health in Primary Care, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's 3-year grant initiative to transform health care delivery.

Pinpointing natural cancer drug's true origins brings sustainable production a step closer
For decades, scientists have known that ET-743, a compound extracted from a marine invertebrate called a mangrove tunicate, can kill cancer cells.

New model for identifying total hip replacement candidates
Researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy have designed a new model to help doctors and patients decide whether or not to proceed with total hip replacement surgery.

Sex chromosomes -- why the Y genes matter
Several genes have been lost from the Y chromosome in humans and other mammals, according to research published in the open access journal Genome Biology.

Zebrafish model gives new insight on autism spectrum disorder
Researchers are utilizing animal models to understand how dysfunction of either of two genes associated with autism spectrum disorder, SYNGAP1 and SHANK 3, contributes to risk in ASD.

Study could explain why ovarian cancer treatments fail
Ovarian cancer cells can lock into survival mode and avoid being destroyed by chemotherapy, an international study reports.

Effective season extension technologies identified for strawberry production
A study assessed economic returns to three season extension methods for strawberry production in the Intermountain West; high tunnels only, high tunnels in conjunction with low tunnels and targeted in-ground supplemental heating.

Weak electric current to the brain may improve thinking in people with schizophrenia
Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

NEH funds international project to digitize Coptic texts
Caroline T. Schroeder, associate professor of religious and classical studies at University of the Pacific, has been awarded a new grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities for an international project to digitize Coptic texts and make them easily available to scholars and others.

The least religious generation
In what may be the largest study ever conducted on changes in Americans' religious involvement, researchers led by San Diego State University psychology professor Jean M.

New electronic stent could provide feedback and therapy -- then dissolve
Every year, an estimated half-million Americans undergo surgery to have a stent prop open a coronary artery narrowed by plaque.

Beliefs and family crucial in South Asian people's management of diabetes
Researchers from The University of Manchester in collaboration with Keele and Southampton Universities have published new findings which shed light on the poor outcomes of South Asian people with diabetes in the UK.

University of Miami researcher earns $1.9 million grant from Florida Department Of Health
Associate Professor of Psychology in the University of Miami College of Arts & Sciences Monica Webb Hooper received a grant from the Florida Department of Health James and Esther King Biomedical Research Program to determine how cognitive behavioral therapy impacts people's ability to quit smoking, and their feelings of stress and depression around these efforts.

Focus on the brain: RI-MUHC researchers address unmet needs in neurosciences
The means to study glutamate are currently very limited but a new research team led by Dr.

Congressional action needed to optimize regulation of genomic tests
Latest generation genomic testing offers a chance for improvements in patient care, disease prevention and healthcare cost-effectiveness.

Stress triggers key molecule to halt transcription of cell's genetic code
Researchers at the Stowers Institute have shown that a molecule called elongin A is critical in the process of transcription.

Hallucinations and delusions more common than thought
An international study led by The University of Queensland and Harvard Medical School found that hearing voices and seeing things others cannot impacts about 5 percent of the general population at some point in their lives.

Imaging test may identify biomarker of Alzheimer's disease
Degeneration of the white matter of the brain may be an early marker of specific types of Alzheimer's disease (AD), including early-onset AD, according to results of a new study.

Roadside air can be more charged than under a high-voltage power line
More charged particles in urban environments come from motor vehicle emissions than anything else which makes living beside a busy road with lots of diesel-driven vehicles worse for your health than living under high voltage power lines.

Signal identified that prompts one kidney to grow larger when the other is lost
Scientists have found an explanation for the century-old observation that if you end up with just one kidney, the lone organ gets bigger.

Lawrence Livermore scientists 1 step closer to mimicking gamma-ray bursts
Using ever more energetic lasers, Lawrence Livermore researchers have produced a record high number of electron-positron pairs, opening exciting opportunities to study extreme astrophysical processes, such as black holes and gamma-ray bursts.

Chemists discover key reaction mechanism behind the highly touted sodium-oxygen battery
Chemists at the University of Waterloo have discovered the key reaction that takes place in sodium-air batteries that could pave the way for development of the so-called holy grail of electrochemical energy storage.

A bubbly cosmic celebration
In the brightest region of the nebula RCW 34, gas is heated and expands through the surrounding cooler gas.

African-Americans at lower socioeconomic levels have increased risk of heart disease
African-Americans, especially women and young adults at lower socioeconomic levels have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

Pennington Family Foundation awards $200,000 grant to LIBD for autism research
'We are very grateful for this new partnership with the Pennington Family Foundation,' said Daniel R.

ASCO: Trial creates 6 percent weight loss after breast cancer treatment
Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer. A multi-institutional study presented at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 shows that female breast cancer survivors are able to lose weight through modest lifestyle changes.

Invisible helpers of the sea: Marine bacteria boost growth of tiny ocean algae
A common diatom grows faster in the presence of bacteria that release a growth hormone known to benefit plants on land.

Job-sharing with nursing robot
Given the threat of a massive earthquake striking Japan, Toyohashi Tech researchers have organized a cooperative project team to develop new robot.

Researchers use mobile phone data to predict employment shocks
Northeastern computational social scientist David Lazer and his interdisciplinary research team have demonstrated that mobile phone data can be used to predict future unemployment rates up to four months before the release of official reports and more accurately than traditional forecasts.

Reading the Earth's LIPS
An international team of scientists including University of Sydney geophysicists Professor Dietmar Müller, Dr.

Machine-learning breakthrough paves way for medical screening, prevention and treatment
A breakthrough in machine learning has also brought about a 'game changer' for the science of metabolomics -- and will hasten the development of diagnostic and predictive tests for Alzheimer's, cancer, diabetes and numerous other conditions, leading to improved prevention and treatment.

Hip fractures in the elderly caused by falls, not osteoporosis
Anti-osteoporotic medication is not an effective means for preventing hip fractures among the elderly, concludes a study recently published in the BMJ.

Lethal wounds on skull may indicate 430,000-year-old murder
Lethal wounds identified on a human skull in the Sima de los Huesos, Spain, may indicate one of the first cases of murder in human history, some 430,000 years ago.

Pre-surgery beta blockers, risk of death examined in noncardiac surgery
The controversial practice of administering pre-surgery beta-blockers to patients having noncardiac surgery was associated with an increased risk of death in patients with no cardiac risk factors but it was beneficial for patients with three to four risk factors, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery.

Two Southwest Research Institute instruments selected for NASA Europa mission
Two Southwest Research Institute instruments have been selected for a NASA mission to Europa, which will launch in the 2020s to study this large, potentially habitable Jovian moon.

New planning toolset gives farmers more options for improving water quality
A team from USDA-Agricultural Research Service and Environmental Defense Fund has developed a conservation planning approach that identifies a full range of opportunities within a watershed for reducing nutrient losses and erosion from farmlands, including those within fields, at the edge of fields, and along streams and rivers.

Hubble sees shock collision inside black hole jet
When you're blasting though space at more than 98 percent of the speed of light, you may need driver's insurance.

Study reveals novel use of 3-D imaging for measurement of injectable wrinkle reducers
A three-dimensional imaging technique often used in the automotive and aerospace industries for accurate measurement may be useful to measure the efficacy of injectable wrinkle reducers such as Botox and Dysport, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Similarities between aurorae on Mars and Earth
An international team of researchers has for the first time predicted the occurrence of aurorae visible to the naked eye on a planet other than Earth.

State regulations for indoor tanning could lead to a national regulatory framework
A national regulatory framework designed to prevent and limit indoor tanning is needed to alleviate the cancer burden and reduce the billions in financial costs from preventable skin cancer, say two Georgetown University public health experts.

Diagnosing cancer with help from bacteria
Engineers at MIT and the University of California at San Diego have devised a new way to detect cancer that has spread to the liver, by enlisting help from probiotics -- beneficial bacteria similar to those found in yogurt.

Nation's research funding squeeze imperils patient care, say top medical school deans
Constraints in federal funding, compounded by declining clinical revenue, jeopardize more than the nation's research enterprise.

Paleontologists pioneer laser-beam scanning of dinosaur fossils
A team of scientists based largely at the University of Kansas and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture in Washington has developed methods of using commercial-grade laser equipment to find and analyze fossils of dinosaurs.

Internet acne education with automated counseling tested in clinical trial
An Internet-based acne education program that included automated counseling was not better than a standard educational website in improving acne severity and quality of life in adolescents, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to