Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 29, 2015
$10 million in new funding adds innovative dimensions to Alzheimer's disease prevention trial
The Alzheimer's Association, GHR Foundation and Fidelity Biosciences Research Initiative today announced $10 million in new research funding to Banner Alzheimer's Institute, Phoenix, Ariz., to support a groundbreaking Alzheimer's disease prevention trial that will launch later this year.

Newer, easier-to-manage medications may not always be the best choice
If you are over age 75, and taking an anticoagulant, the old standard may be the gold standard, Mayo Clinic researchers and collaborators have determined.

New 'designer carbon' from Stanford boosts battery performance
Stanford University scientists have created a new carbon material that significantly improves the performance of batteries and supercapacitors.

Insect mating behavior has lessons for drones
Male moths locate females by navigating along the latter's pheromone (odor) plume.

Analysis of fluid that bathes the human eye identifies 386 new proteins as biomarker candidates
Researchers conducting a comprehensive proteomics analysis of human aqueous humor samples identified 763 proteins -- including 386 proteins detected for the first time -- in this clear fluid that helps maintain pressure in the eye and nourishes the cornea and the lens.

Stanford brain waves study shows how different teaching methods affect reading development
Stanford Professor Bruce McCandliss found that beginning readers who focus on letter-sound relationships, or phonics, increase activity in the area of their brains best wired for reading.

Prosthetic hands with a sense of touch? Breakthroughs in providing 'sensory feedback' from artificial limbs
Researchers are exploring new approaches to designing prosthetic hands capable of providing 'sensory feedback.' Advances toward developing prostheses with a sense of touch are presented in a special topic article in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

CHOP global health focuses on children with cerebral palsy in southern Africa
Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of childhood disability in the world, but is understudied, especially in developing countries.

University of Houston researchers identify less-invasive method for kidney diagnostics
University of Houston researchers have identified a new, less-invasive method to provide diagnostic information on kidney disease and its severity.

Study shows colorectal cancer genetically different in older and younger patients
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in conjunction with the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 offers early evidence of genetic differences between CRC in young and old patients, possibly pointing toward different treatments and strategies in combating the young form of the disease.

Russain physicists from study laser beam compressed into thin filament
A group of scientists from the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Moscow State University recently presented their research into the process of laser pulse filamentation -- the effect produced when a laser beam propagating in air focuses into a filament.

Measuring kidney health could better predict heart disease risk
Simple measures of kidney function and damage may be just as good at predicting who is at risk for heart failure and death from heart attack and stroke as traditional tests of cholesterol levels and blood pressure, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Little-known quake, tsunami hazards lurk offshore of Southern California
While their attention may be inland on the San Andreas Fault, residents of coastal Southern California could be surprised by very large earthquakes -- and even tsunamis -- from several major faults that lie offshore, a new study finds.

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope: Unlocking the secrets of dark matter and dark energy
The director of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) joins an astrophysicist and a theoretical physicist in a discussion about how LSST will delve into the 'dark universe' by taking an unprecedentedly enormous scan of the sky.

Study of over 250,000 patients suggests that, before an operation, low blood pressure rather than high is a risk factor for death
New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia congress in Berlin, Germany, suggests that, before an operation, low blood pressure rather than high blood pressure is an independent risk factor for death.

UTA alumna's gift will provide business students opportunities to engage the world
Jacqualyn Fouse, a UT Arlington College of Business alumna, has committed $762,500 that, with additional support from the college, will establish the $1.525 million Jack and Doris Fouse Scholarship for Study Abroad fund.

National health-care experts headline 2015 Cleveland Clinic Children's Pediatric Innovation Summit
Cleveland Clinic Children's will host its second annual Pediatric Innovation Summit June 11-13, 2015, at the Global Center for Health Innovation in Cleveland.

Myriad significantly advances the myChoice HRD companion diagnostic test
Myriad will present data from new clinical studies on its myChoice HRD companion diagnostic test at the 2015 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.

Two innovations grants awarded to RI-MUHC research leaders
The Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) is pleased to announce that Dr.

Myriad presents new myRisk hereditary cancer data at 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting
Myriad will present several new clinical studies on its myRisk Hereditary Cancer molecular diagnostic test at the 2015 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.

Smokers and those exposed to passive smoke require more anesthetic and painkiller during operations
Research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Berlin shows that both smokers and those exposed to passive smoke require more anesthetic and painkillers to reach the same level of anesthesia as non-smokers.

Rapid and cost-effective chromosomal phasing is possible with Droplet Digital PCR Technology
Researchers published a new method facilitating the study of how the distribution of mutations between alleles affects disease states.

How did LIPs form and what is their impact?
The origin, evolution, and environmental impact of large igneous provinces represents a topic of high scientific importance because the magmatism associated with these features cannot be directly related to plate tectonics, and because the eruption of flood basalts may have global environmental consequences.

Experts on aging: UN Sustainable Development Goals discriminatory, ageist
New global health targets agreed by the United Nations will force policy makers to discriminate against people aged 70 and over, according to a statement from a University of East Anglia academic and other experts on aging, published today in The Lancet.

Study shows hypothermia occurs during surgery in around half of patients
A study presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia congress in Berlin shows that hypothermia occurs in around half of patients undergoing surgery, despite national guidelines for its prevention.

Alzheimer's culprit causes memory loss even before brain degeneration
A brain protein believed to be a key component in the progress of dementia can cause memory loss in healthy brains even before physical signs of degeneration appear, according to new University of Sussex research.

Researchers engineer E. coli to produce new forms of popular antibiotic
In Science Advances, University at Buffalo researchers will report that they have managed to turn E. coli into tiny factories for producing new forms of the popular antibiotic erythromycin -- including three that were shown in the lab to kill drug-resistant bacteria.

Sharp-eyed Alma spots a flare on famous red giant star
Super-sharp observations with the telescope Alma have revealed what seems to be a gigantic flare on the surface of Mira, one of the closest and most famous red giant stars in the sky.

Doctors' checklist could help decrease length of COPD patients' hospital stay
Patients with worsening chronic obstructive pulmonary disease spend less time in hospital when their doctors manage their care by using a checklist of steps called order sets.

Study: Race influences warfarin dose
A new report demonstrates that clinical and genetic factors affecting dose requirements for warfarin vary by race.

Godwits are flexible...when they get the chance
Black-tailed godwits are able to cope with unpredictable weather. This was revealed by a thorough analysis of the extraordinary spring of 2013 by ecologist Nathan Senner of the University of Groningen and an international group of colleagues.

Study shows sexual dysfunction after gynecologic cancer treatment
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study presented at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 shows decreased sexual activity in women following treatment for gynecologic cancers, down from 6.1-6.8 times per month before treatment to 2.6-4.9 times per month after treatment.

Finding loopholes in the genome
R-loops, thought to initiate cellular mutations, genome breaks and diseases, may be identified with an accuracy of between 80-90 percent at lower costs and effort.

Migraine surgery for teens -- good results in initial experience
As in adults, migraine surgery is effective for selected adolescent patients with severe migraine headaches that don't respond to standard treatments, reports a study in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Pembrolizumab shows real promise against head and neck cancer
Immunotherapy with the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab decreased the size of tumors by 30 percent or more in 24.8 percent of 132 patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer.

Food or fuel? How about both?
In the United States, federal mandates to produce more renewable fuels, especially biofuels, have led to a growing debate: Should fuel or food grow on arable land?

Pore scale phenomena -- scaling the frontiers of energy and the environment
World Scientific has published 'Pore Scale Phenomena: Frontiers in Energy and Environment,' a book edited by Colorado School of Mines faculty devoted to understanding the physical and chemical properties of pore scale phenomena.

UH Case Medical Center experts to present data at 51st ASCO Annual Meeting
Researchers from University Hospitals Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine will present data from several new studies, including a study evaluating a potential novel combination treatment for cancer patients with advanced solid tumors and a first-of-its-kind analysis of gene mutations in small cell lung cancer, at the 51st American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting in Chicago.

Altered pain processing in patients with cognitive impairment
People with dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment have altered responses to pain, with many conditions associated with increased pain sensitivity, concludes a research review in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

'Green chemistry' to quantify the components of cosmetics
Right now, there are 10,000 components that can be used to make cosmetics.

A patient's budding cortex -- in a dish?
Scientists have perfected mini cultured 3-D structures that grow and function much like the outer mantle -- the key working tissue, or cortex -- of the brain of the person from whom they were derived.

CWRU social work researchers create easier, accurate way to analyze TSCC trauma results
A Case Western Reserve University social work research team, led by Fredrick Butcher, Ph.D., a research associate at the Semi J. and Ruth W.

EARTH: Rock stars -- Geologists on the silver screen
As this summer's blockbuster movie season gets underway, EARTH Magazine asks an important question: In movies, 'are geologists portrayed as heroes or villains?'

ASCO honors Allison for achievements in cancer immunotherapy
The world's leading organization of oncologists will honor Jim Allison, Ph.D., for his pioneering research that led to a new way to treat cancer by unleashing an immune system attack rather than targeting tumors directly.

UTEP to develop next generation rocket engines
The University of Texas at El Paso has been awarded a $5 million grant from NASA to develop the next generation of rocket engines using liquid methane.

The new digital TV standard in the USA incorporates technology developed at the UPV/EHU
The Signal Processing and Radiocommunications group of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has developed, in collaboration with other groups, a new technique for using TV channels on the UHF band, which significantly improves the use of the radioelectric spectrum.

Stem cell switch on the move
The roots of a plant are constantly growing; responsible for these functions are pluripotent stem cells.

Modeling storm surge to better protect Texas
The recent floods in Texas have caused some of the worst flooding since Hurricane Ike in 2008.

ONT-380 has stage IV HER2+ breast cancer patient 'worrying about normal stuff again'
Promising clinical trial results presented at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 show activity of the investigational anti-cancer agent ONT-380 against HER2+ breast cancer, in one case specifically against brain metastases and in another case in overall survival of heavily pretreated HER2+ breast cancer patients.

Human caused fires burn in Northwest Territories in Canada
Summer weather brings warm, sultry days, but it also brings summer storms and lightning, which is one of the natural ways that fires begin.

Genetic biomarker may predict cancer patients' response to immunotherapy drug
In a report of a proof-of-principle study of patients with colon and other cancers for whom standard therapies failed, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say that mistakes in so-called mismatch repair genes, first identified by Johns Hopkins and other scientists two decades ago, may accurately predict who will respond to certain immunotherapy drugs known as PD-1 inhibitors.

Two NASA satellites see Tropical Storm Andres intensify
The first tropical depression of the eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane season strengthened into Tropical Storm Andres.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: 2015 ERA-EDTA Congress media alert
The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology is pleased to announce that the following paper will be published to coincide with presentation at the 52nd ERA-EDTA Congress, taking place in London, UK, May 28-31, 2015.
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