Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 01, 2015
New 'body of evidence' regarding approval of prostitution, compensation for organ donation
Selling one's body to provide another person with sexual pleasure and selling organs to restore another person's health are generally prohibited in North America on moral grounds, but two new University of Toronto Mississauga studies illustrate how additional information about the societal benefits of such transactions can have an impact on public approval.

The ebb and flow of Greenland's glaciers
In northwestern Greenland, glaciers flow from the main ice sheet to the ocean in see-sawing seasonal patterns.

Gut check: Does a hospital stay set patients up for sepsis by disrupting the microbiome?
Can a routine hospital stay upset the balance of microbes in our bodies so much that it sets some older people up for a life-threatening health crisis called sepsis?

Research identifies wide array of devices, mobile applications available for monitoring health
Technology is making health-care services that may have once seemed available only within a doctor's office accessible to the general public, according to new research from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Ariana Pharma teams together with SIB to discover novel biomarkers for gastric cancer
Ariana Pharma, developer of innovative clinical data analysis and diagnostic solutions for the healthcare sector, and SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, a world-class provider of bioinformatics resources and expertise, today announced their collaboration focusing on the discovery of novel biomarkers for gastric cancer.

Citizen science helps protect nests of a raptor in farmland
If not effectively protected, Montagu's harrier nests on farmland often fall victim of destruction by mechanical machineries used to harvest crops by farmers and also by predators.

Not so crowded house? New findings on global species richness
Planet Earth may contain millions fewer species than previously thought and estimates are converging, according to research led by Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Silicon Valley Energy Summit
The 2015 Silicon Valley Energy Summit features talks by NREL Director Dan Arvizu, former Treasury Secretary George Shultz, Navy Assistant Secretary Dennis McGinn and other top U.S. energy leaders.

Despite guidelines, too many medical tests are performed before low-risk procedures
Despite guideline recommendations to limit medical tests before low-risk surgeries, electrocardiograms and chest X-rays are still performed frequently, found a study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

New way to tackle vaccine hesitancy tested, found wanting
Group Health Research Institute conducted the first randomized trial to test an intervention aimed at improving hesitancy about early childhood vaccines by working directly with doctors.

Crashing comets may explain mysterious lunar swirls
Brown University researchers have produced new evidence that lunar swirls -- wispy bright regions scattered on the moon's surface -- were created by several comet collisions over the last 100 million years.

Teen drinking countered by laws that curb adult binge drinking
A new study by Boston University and Boston Medical Center researchers reveals that US states with stronger alcohol policies have lower rates of youth overall drinking and binge drinking.

Extra love and support doesn't make up for being a helicopter parent
The scholars who found that helicopter parenting backfires just published a follow-up study.

FDA addresses concerns on approval of drugs to treat chronic hepatitis C
Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C, a serious and life-threatening infection, have improved substantially and several new regimens with shorter durations and improved efficacy and safety profiles are now available.

How does human behavior lead to surgical errors? Mayo Clinic researchers count the ways
Why are major surgical errors called

Picture perfect: Researchers use photos to understand how diabetes affects kids
If a picture is worth a thousand words, UF Health Type 1 diabetes researchers and their colleagues have tapped into an encyclopedia, revealing new insights into how young people cope with the disease.

Massive weight loss fuels surge in plastic surgery
Data from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons shows an increase in weight loss surgeries may be having a ripple effect in plastic surgery.

Genetic causes of cerebral palsy trump birth causes
University of Adelaide researchers have discovered cerebral palsy has an even stronger genetic cause than previously thought, leading them to call for an end to unnecessary caesareans and arbitrary litigation against obstetric staff.

Online hookup sites increase HIV rates in sometimes surprising ways
The introduction of Craigslist led to an increase in HIV infection cases of 13.5 percent in Florida over a four-year period, according to a new study conducted at the University of Maryland's Robert H.

New climate stress index model challenges doomsday forecasts for world's coral reefs
A newer and more complex model incorporating data from both environmental factors and field observations of coral responses to stress provides a better forecasting tool than the more widely used models and a more positive future for coral reefs, according to a new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society and other groups.

A world without color -- researchers find gene mutation that strips color, reduces vision
People with achromatopsia, an inherited eye disorder, see the world literally in black and white.

Researchers synthesize magnetic nanoparticles that could offer alternative to rare Earth magnets
A team of scientists at Virginia Commonwealth University has synthesized a powerful new magnetic material that could reduce the dependence of the United States and other nations on rare earth elements produced by China.

Why wet dogs stink (and other canine chemistry) (video)
They're our best four-legged friends, and they're the stars of many an Internet video.

Contaminant particles increase hospital admissions for children with respiratory illnesses
Particles of less than 2.5 microns emitted by vehicles have negative repercussions for bronchiolitis, pneumonia, asthma and bronchitis in children.

Canadian wildfires continue and increase
Hot spots abound in this image taken by NASA's Aqua satellite on May 30.

A new perspective on Phantom Eye Syndrome
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have found that approximately half of patients who have an eye removed because of a form of eye cancer experience `phantom eye syndrome.'

Soil erosion contributes significantly to global carbon emissions
Soil erosion that occurs in rainy seasons leads to a significant amount of carbon being released into the atmosphere, a new study shows.

The fly's time
The Drosophila, the so-called fruit fly, attends all day long to its activities.

Western diet may increase risk of death after prostate cancer diagnosis
After a prostate cancer diagnosis, eating a diet higher in red and processed meat, high-fat dairy foods, and refined grains -- known as a Western diet -- may lead to a significantly higher risk of both prostate cancer-related mortality and overall mortality compared with eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, fish, whole grains, and healthy oils, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Invasive microbe protects corals from global warming, but at a cost
An invasive species of symbiotic micro-alga has spread across the Caribbean Sea, according to an international team of researchers.

A new tool measures the distance between phonon collisions
A tabletop setup provides more nuanced picture of heat production in microelectronics.

Using robots at Berkeley Lab, scientists assemble promising antimicrobial compounds
There's an urgent demand for new antimicrobial compounds that are effective against constantly emerging drug-resistant bacteria.

Mobile app educates teens on risky sexual behavior
Teenagers, parents, educators and clinicians will have a new tool to help adolescents make more informed decisions about their sexual behavior.

Virtually no effect of state policies on organ donation, transplantation
Policies passed by states to encourage organ donation have had virtually no effect on rates of organ donation and transplantation in the United States, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Hitchhiking to Caribbean coral
Recently-introduced algae in Caribbean offers short-term benefits but could have serious long-term negative effects.

Salk scientists reveal epigenome maps of the human body's major organs
This new atlas of human organ epigenomes provides a starting place to understand the role of chemical markers in development, health and disease.

Research highlights link between neighborhood and partner violence
People who had more social support, including trust and a sense of belonging, were less likely to experience emotional or verbal abuse while in a relationship, said a study published today in the American Journal of Community Psychology.

New color blindness cause identified
A rare eye disorder marked by color blindness, light sensitivity, and other vision problems can result from a newly discovered gene mutation identified by an international research team, including scientists from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC).

San Antonio start-up Mobile Stem Care joins UTSA new venture Incubator
Mobile Stem Care LLC, a company aimed at helping veterinarians treat their patients with the latest stem cell therapies, is the newest start-up to take up residence at the UTSA New Venture Incubator.

Thought-provoking contributions on the future of society
The rapidly progressing digital revolution is now touching the foundations of the governance of societal structures.

New evidence emerges on the origins of life
New research shows that the close linkage between the physical properties of amino acids, the genetic code, and protein folding was likely the key factor in the evolution from building blocks to organisms when Earth's first life was emerging from the primordial soup.

Some endangered sawfishes are having babies, no sex required
Some female members of a critically endangered species of sawfish are reproducing in the wild without sex.

Yorkshire's oldest new addition to the 'Jurassic World'
Experts from the University of Manchester have identified Britain's oldest sauropod dinosaur from a fossil bone discovered on the Yorkshire coast.

Mount Sinai researchers to present key cancer trial data at ASCO
Mount Sinai Health System faculty will be presenting research updates on a lymphoma vaccine clinical trial, the best dosing for a drug against metastatic cancer, and new treatment strategies in relapsed multiple myeloma at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting, May 29 -- June 2, 2015, in Chicago.

Zinc in the body may contribute to kidney stones
New research on kidney stone formation reveals that zinc levels may contribute to kidney stone formation, a common urinary condition that can cause excruciating pain.

Mark Cuban Foundation aids U-M research on growth hormone's impact on ACL recovery
Funding from the Mark Cuban Foundation, run by the well-known owner of the Dallas Mavericks, will allow University of Michigan researchers to study how human growth hormone may aid recovery from an ACL tear.

All shook up for greener chemistry
UC research is the only American research at an international conference examining trends and benefits of mechanochemistry.

Canada's radon guidelines are inadequate
Radon gas is a silent health threat, and Canada needs to align its guidelines for acceptable radon levels with World Health Organization limits, argues an editorial in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

The safe surgery checklist could save more lives worldwide than any other single known intervention
New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Berlin suggests that the WHO-approved safe surgery checklist is working well in both high-income and developing countries.

Radar techniques used in Antarctica will scour Europa for life-supporting environments
Ice-penetrating radar technology developed by The University of Texas at Austin Institute for Geophysics for use in Antarctica and Greenland will be used to scan Europa to look for environments that could sustain life.

Distant radio galaxies reveal hidden structures right above our heads
By observing galaxies billions of light-years away, a team of astronomers has detected tube-like structures mere hundreds of kilometres above the Earth's surface.

Circular orbits identified for small exoplanets
In a paper published in the Astrophysical Journal, researchers from MIT and Aarhus University in Denmark report that 74 exoplanets, located hundreds of light-years away, orbit their respective stars in circular patterns, much like the planets of our solar system.

Aging couples connected in sickness and health
Researchers found that two major factors can predict an older person's quality of life: the physical health and the cognitive functioning of the person's spouse.

Inexperienced investors should take advantage of 'auto-pilot investing'
Michael Guillemette, an assistant professor of personal financial planning at the University of Missouri, says use of target-date is a positive trend which will help inexperienced investors invest safely without risking significant losses based on their lack of knowledge.

New anti-microbial compounds evade resistance with less toxicity
New compounds that specifically attack fungal infections without attacking human cells could transform treatment for such infections and point the way to targeted medicines that evade antibiotic resistance.

PharmaMar's PM1183 plus doxorubicin shows remarkable activity in small cell lung cancer
PharmaMar today announced data from a Phase 1b study of the transcriptional inhibitor PM1183 in combination with doxorubicin in second line therapy in patients with small cell lung cancer showing that the treatment induced objective responses in 67 percent of the patients, including 10 percent of them where all signs of cancer disappeared (complete responses).

Weakening memories of crime through deliberate suppression
There are some bad memories -- whether of a crime or a painful life event -- that we'd rather not recall.

Engineers win grant to make smart clothes for personalized cooling and heating
Imagine a fabric that will keep your body at a comfortable temperature -- regardless of how hot or cold it actually is.

New method eliminates need for antibiotics in commercial livestock
A University of Wisconsin-Madison animal scientist has developed an antibiotic-free method to protect animals raised for food against common infections.

Seeing a single photon, new exoplanet search, quantum space network at 2015 DAMOP Meeting
The American Physical Society's 2015 Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics meeting focuses on fundamental research and novel technical applications involving atoms, simple molecules, electrons and light, and their interactions.

Sex and musculoskeletal health: Differences between males and females
Woman in general have a higher incidence of osteoporosis-related hip fractures yet, conversely, they have a lower rate of mortality than men with the same fracture, according to a study in the June 2015 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

New study evaluates remedial pathways for community college students
Academic programs that provide alternatives to traditional remedial education help students succeed at community colleges, but different programs result in a range of outcomes for various sub-populations of students.

Novel X-ray lens sharpens view into the nano world
A team led by DESY scientists has designed, fabricated and successfully tested a novel X-ray lens that produces sharper and brighter images of the nano world.

Recommendations address how to manage seizures in infants
New recommendations offer insights on strategies for treating infants with seizures.

Changing intelligence test performance
In the general population, IQ increases have been observed over the past 100 years.

A coordinated effort
Study finds that a mutation in fruit flies impairs fine motor control but leaves gross motor proficiency intact.

Organic agriculture more profitable to farmers
A comprehensive study finds organic agriculture is more profitable for farmers than conventional agriculture.

Study finds English and Welsh family courts not discriminating against fathers
There is no evidence that family courts in England and Wales are discriminating against fathers because of gender bias, a new study by the University of Warwick and funded by the Nuffield Foundation has found.

Trials show immune drugs effective in advanced melanomas
Results of two clinical trials reported at the American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2015 show continued promise of immune therapies nivolumab and pembrolizumab against advanced melanomas, specifically in the context of PD1 signaling that some tumors use to avoid immune system attack.

Study shows public access defibrillators are increasing survival but are not being used enough
New research presented at this year's Euroanaesthesia shows that use of public access defibrillation on people suffering cardiac arrest is associated with a large increase in chances of survival.

Insulin degludec: No hint of added benefit in children and adolescents
No added benefit for adolescents and children with diabetes mellitus can be derived from the drug manufacturer dossier.

ER revisits pricey, occur more often than previously reported
One in five patients return to the emergency department within 30 days of an initial visit and one in 12 returns after three days, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Eight schools test-drive PULSE certification of undergraduate biology education
The organization PULSE has announced the results of a pilot certification program for undergraduate life science departments.

WSU researchers see link between hunter-gatherer cannabis use, fewer parasites
Washington State University researchers have found that the more hunter-gatherers smoke cannabis, the less they are infected by intestinal worms.

Study explores reasons behind alcohol abuse in non-heterosexual women
Non-heterosexual women who feel a disconnect between who they are attracted to and how they identify themselves may have a higher risk of alcohol abuse, according to a new study.

Microgravity experiments may help lighten the load of joint diseases
Going into space might wreak havoc on our bodies, but a new set of microgravity experiments may help shed light on new approaches for treating cartilage diseases on Earth.

NIH grants $10.5 million for Einstein-Mount Sinai Diabetes Research Center
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have received a $10.5 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue their Diabetes Research Center, which has been newly named the Einstein-Mount Sinai DRC.

Staring pain in the face -- software 'reads kids' expressions to measure pain levels
Accurately assessing pain in children in a clinical setting can be difficult.

Cosmic cinema: Astronomers make 3-D movies of plasma tubes
University of Sydney undergraduate Cleo Loi is lead author on research that creatively used a radio telescope to see in 3-D, allowing astronomers to detect the existence of tubular plasma structures in the inner layers of the magnetosphere surrounding the Earth.

At peak fertility, women who desire to maintain body attractiveness report they eat less
Women near peak fertility -- those nearing ovulation -- and who are motivated to manage their body appearance, reported they desire to lose weight and so ate fewer calories.

Is diabetes protective against amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
A study of patients in Denmark suggests that type 2 diabetes may be associated with a reduced risk for the fatal neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Medical home intervention with shared savings shows quality and utilization improvements
By paying bonuses to participating practices based on reaching quality and spending benchmarks, the shared savings contracts created direct financial incentives to contain the costs and utilization of care without compromising the quality of care.

Researcher discovers metabolite of prostate cancer drug more effective at treating aggressive tumors
Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered for the first time that a metabolite of an FDA-approved drug for metastatic prostate cancer, abiraterone, has more anti-cancer properties than its precursor.

Patient information too high for patients' literacy: New research
More than 90 percent of educational materials written for kidney disease patients is higher than an average patient's literacy, according to a new study published in the June issue of the National Kidney Foundation's American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Illinois' guaranteed-tuition law making college less affordable
Studies reveal that Illinois' guaranteed tuition rates law is driving tuition rates higher at the state's public universities and is linked with declining state appropriations.

Giant structures called plasmoids could simplify the design of future tokamaks
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory have for the first time simulated the formation of structures called 'plasmoids' during Coaxial Helicity Injection, a process that could simplify the design of fusion facilities known as tokamaks.

New sensing tech could help detect diseases, fraudulent art, chemical weapons
Discovered in the 1970s, SERS is a sensing technique prized for its ability to identify chemical and biological molecules in a wide range of fields.

Seven ETH researchers awarded grants
Seven ETH Zurich professors have applied successfully for an ERC Advanced Grant, which is worth about CHF 2.5 million.

Researchers create new combination vaccine to fight Streptococcus A
Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics has developed a groundbreaking, combination vaccine that may finally beat Streptococcus A infections.

Entangled photons unlock new super-sensitive characterisation of quantum technology
A new protocol for estimating unknown optical processes, called unitary operations, with precision enhanced by the unique properties of quantum mechanics has been demonstrated by scientists and engineers from the University of Bristol, UK, and the Centre for Quantum Technologies in Singapore.

Antifungal compounds that evade resistance reported in Nature Chemistry Biology
Antifungal drug discovery progress was reported by the founder of REVOLUTION Medicines founder.

Cannabis use in male African pygmies linked to decreased risk of parasitic worm infection
In a population of Congo Basin foragers called the Aka, 67 percent of men -- but only 6 percent of women -- use cannabis, and the practice seems to protect against infection with parasitic worms.

The less you sleep, the more you eat
Factors influencing food intake have, and continue to be, a hotly contested subject.

NASA releases new collection of hurricane science animations
To mark the beginning of the 2015 Atlantic Ocean hurricane season, NASA has released a new collection of scientific animations that look inside hurricanes to help explain what makes them tick using NASA satellite data.

Warmer climates may increase pesticides' toxicity in fish
In a study of the effects of increasing climate temperatures on the toxicity of three contaminants in different fish species, researchers found that all pesticides and industrial contaminants studied became toxic.

US Forest Service publishes plan for North American Bat Monitoring Program
A report just published online by the Forest Service Southern Research Station provides detailed guidelines for participating in the North American Bat Monitoring Program, an international multiagency program created to provide the data needed to make effective decisions about bat populations across the North American continent.

Thin coating on condensers could make power plants more efficient
A thin coating on condensers could make power plants more efficient.

Common antibiotic part of a new potential pancreatic cancer therapy
A new promising combination therapy has been discovered for the treatment of one of the most deadly and difficult cancers to manage.

Missing link found between brain, immune system -- with major disease implications
In a stunning discovery that overturns decades of textbook teaching, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist.

Researchers' discovery may explain difficulty in treating Lyme disease
A research team led by Uni­ver­sity Dis­tin­guished Pro­fessor Kim Lewis present in a new paper that they've iden­ti­fied drug-tolerant per­sister cells in the bac­terium that causes Lyme dis­ease.

Bacteria may cause type 2 diabetes
A University of Iowa study shows that chronic exposure to a toxin made by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria produces the hallmark symptoms of Type 2 diabetes (T2D), including insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, in rabbits.

Quick to laugh or smile? It may be in your genes
Why do some people immediately burst into laughter after a humorous moment, while others can barely crack a smile?

Drug prevents passage of HBV during pregnancy
The antiviral drug telbivudine prevents perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus, according to a study in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Highly explosive volcanism at Galapagos
Eight to 16 million years ago, highly explosive volcanism occurred in the area of today's Galapagos Islands.

Wearing high-heeled shoes may cause ankle muscle imbalance and injury
Collegiate women who wore shoes with 10 cm high heels more than three times per week to their classes developed an imbalance of four functional ankle muscles.

Poor sleep linked to toxic buildup of Alzheimer's protein, memory loss
Sleep may be a missing piece of the Alzheimer's puzzle.

Psychology: Does aging affect decision making?
Aging is associated with significant decline in cognitive functions. But does this translate into poorer decision making?

Get up and stand up for at least 2 hours daily during working hours
Office workers should be on their feet for a minimum of two hours daily during working hours, recommends the first ever UK guidance designed to curb the health risks of too much cumulative sitting time, and published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Ancient algae found deep in tropical glacier
Rice, Nebraska and Ohio State researchers looking for carbon in equatorial ice cores find diatoms, a type of algae.

Plasma for medical and biological uses: New electron density diagnostic method
The National Institutes of Natural Sciences and their research group have developed an electron density diagnostic method for atmospheric pressure low-temperature plasma that is anticipated to be applicable for the fields of environmental protection and of medicine and biology.

Study links exposure to common pesticide with ADHD in boys
A new study links a commonly used household pesticide with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and young teens.

Vitamin D and calcium supplements do not improve menopausal symptoms
Women who took vitamin D and calcium supplements had the same number of menopausal symptoms as women who did not take the supplements, according to a study published in Maturitas, the official journal of the European Menopause and Andropause Society.

Study: Twitter shared news of first Ebola case 3 days before officials
Tweets regarding the Ebola outbreak in West Africa last summer reached more than 60 million people in the three days prior to official outbreak announcements, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Trabectedin shows activity in ATREUS trial in patients with sarcomatoid malignant mesothelioma
PharmaMar today announced data from the Phase 2 ATREUS study in patients with sarcomatoid/biphasic malignant pleural mesothelioma showing that 41.2 percent of patients treated with the anticancer drug trabectedin in second line were alive and free of progression at 12 weeks.

Improving the experience of the audience with digital instruments
Researchers have developed a new augmented reality display that allows the audience to explore 3-D augmentations of digital musical performances in order to improve their understanding of electronic musicians' engagement.

Researchers find fructose contributes to weight gain, physical inactivity, and body fat
A recent study at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois found that, matched calorie for calorie with the simple sugar glucose, fructose causes significant weight gain, physical inactivity, and body fat deposition.

Journalists can register now for the European Cancer Congress in Vienna
Journalists can register now to attend Europe's premier cancer congress: the European Cancer Congress in Vienna, Austria, from Friday 25 to Tuesday 29 September 2015.

Resources for the seven day services may be better spent on other NHS priorities
The NHS could achieve up to twice as much with the resources that the Government plans to spend introducing a full seven day service in the NHS in England, according to new research from The University of Manchester.

Online gambling would benefit from better regulation
The US government's attempt to crack down on Internet gambling is widely seen as a convoluted mess.

University of Southampton enters into research collaboration with BioInvent
Leading antibody researchers at the University of Southampton, under the direction of Professor Mark Cragg, Professor of Experimental Cancer Research and Director of the Cancer Pathway Integrated Postgraduate Programme, today announce a three-year research collaboration with BioInvent International.

Survey finds civilian physicians feel underprepared to treat veterans
A survey of nearly 150 U.S. physicians who frequently treat veterans found civilian doctors aren't adequately trained in health issues related to military service, according to research published today in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Finnish-Swedish study analyzes link between psychotropic drugs and homicide risk
A study analyzing the Finnish homicide and prescription drug databases discovered that the use of certain drugs that affect the central nervous system are associated with an increased risk of committing a homicide.

Acid saline groundwaters and lakes of southern Western Australia
The 'wheat belt' and 'gold fields' of southern Western Australia are associated with a regional acid saline groundwater system.

Noncoding RNA CCDC26 regulates KIT expression
A long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), which might give an impact on tyrosine kinase-targeted leukemia therapy, was found to be expressed in a leukemia cell line.

Study suggests breastfeeding may lower risk of childhood leukemia
Breastfeeding for six months or longer was associated with a lower risk of childhood leukemia compared with children who were never breastfed or who were breastfed for a shorter time, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Yeast protein network could provide insights into human obesity
A new study by Caltech researchers suggests that yeast could serve as a fast and inexpensive model organism for studying human obesity.

Available genetic data could help doctors prescribe more effective cardiovascular drugs
Few heart specialists make use of published information about interactions between drugs used to treat cardiovascular disease and the genetic variations that affect how patients respond to them.

NASA provides information on Category 4 Hurricane Andres
Hurricane Andres grew into a major hurricane today and NASA's Aqua satellite provided data to forecasters to help determine the powerful storm's next move.

10th-century medical philosophy and computer simulation in research
Dr. Mona Nasser, Clinical Lecturer in Evidence-Based Dentistry at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, is to present a lecture at an international conference in Barcelona which links the writings of a 10th-century medical philosopher to the use of computer simulation as an alternative to using animals in medical research.

The costs of conflict: Amputees and the Afghan war
Policy makers need to budget more than 288 million pounds over the next 40 years to adequately provide health care to all British soldiers who suffered amputations because of the Afghan war.

New discoveries advance efforts to build replacement kidneys in the lab
Researchers are making progress in their quest to build replacement kidneys in the lab by using the more than 2,600 kidneys that are donated each year, but must be discarded due to abnormalities and other factors.

NYU researchers: One big-data picture is worth a thousand words on human rights
The MacArthur Foundation has granted funding to a trio of New York University professors to develop big-data visualization tools that will enable human rights advocates to convey complex information and vividly display their view of a better world.

Scientists discover protein that plays key role in streptococcal infections
The effort to identify new ways of fighting infections has taken a step forward now that scientists have identified a key protein involved in the host's response to strep infections.

NASA sees birth of second Eastern Pacific tropical depression
Less than a week after the first Eastern Pacific Ocean tropical cyclone was born, NASA's Aqua satellite saw Tropical Depression 02E form to the east of Hurricane Andres.

People more likely to cheat as they become more economically dependent on their spouses
Both men and women are more likely to cheat on their spouses the more economically dependent they are on them, according to a new study.

Revolutionary technology to improve bedside tumor diagnosis in patients
The Universities of Leicester and Nottingham are to develop a mini hybrid gamma ray camera to revolutionize identification and removal of tumors and lymph nodes.
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