Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 03, 2015
Triple treatment keeps cancer from coming back
According to new research by the Weizmann Institute's Professor Yosef Yarden, a new strategy involving a three-pronged approach might keep an aggressive form of lung cancer from returning.

What musical taste tells us about social class
Love the opera? Hungry for hip hop? It turns out that your musical likes and dislikes may say more about you than you think, according to UBC research.

Scientists produce strongest evidence yet of schizophrenia's causes
An international team of scientists led by Cardiff University researchers has provided the strongest evidence yet of what causes schizophrenia.

How natural channel proteins move in artificial membranes
Natural channel proteins are integrated into artificial membranes to facilitate the transport of ions and molecules.

Women & Infants receives $5 million grant from NIH
Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island has recently received a nearly $5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to support an Institutional Development Award for their Center of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) for Perinatal Biology.

Increased risks in pregnancy for obese mothers and their babies, says study
Women with obesity have a range of increased health risks in pregnancy, both for them and their babies, compared with those in the healthy weight category, according to a new systematic review of research by academics at the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Gothenberg, and City University London.

Benefit of surgery for ductal carcinoma in-situ investigated
In a study published in JAMA Surgery on June 3, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital report that breast surgery performed at or shortly after a diagnosis of low-grade ductal carcinoma in-situ (DCIS) did not significantly change patients' survival rate.

Hubble observes chaotic dance of Pluto's moons
In a new study, scientists have gathered all available NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope data on the four outer moons of Pluto to analyze the system in more depth than ever before.

Protein identified in certain microalgae changes conversation about climate change
High-profile science behind climate change and carbon recycling takes a new turn as researchers find a protein in a major group of phytoplankton that keeps them alive in stressed environments in the ocean.

A check on runaway lake drainage
Draining lakes unlikely to worsen Greenland's contribution to sea levels.

High levels of moral reasoning correspond with increased gray matter in brain
Individuals with a higher level of moral reasoning skills showed increased gray matter in the areas of the brain implicated in complex social behavior, decision making, and conflict processing as compared to subjects at a lower level of moral reasoning, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in collaboration with a researcher from Charité Universitätsmediz in Berlin, Germany.

Pregnant pipefish fathers are not super dads
Few fathers experience pregnancy, but pipefish dads are one exception and it was assumed that they gave their young a head start in life by providing an abundant oxygen supply.

New beetle emerges from Gran Canaria's subsoil
Thanks to research carried out since 2003 on the subsoil of Gran Canaria (Spain), two Spanish scientists have discovered a new species of beetle, which they have called Oromia thoracica.

Researchers find speedometer in the brain
Researchers in Bonn have identified neural circuits in the brains of mice that are pivotal for movement and navigation in space.

USciences confers honorary degree to GSA CEO James C. Appleby
University of the Sciences conferred an honorary doctor of science degree to James C.

NASA's Operation IceBridge concludes 2015 Arctic campaign
Operation IceBridge wrapped up its seventh Arctic deployment on May 21, when NASA's C-130 research aircraft with the mission's researchers and instruments on board departed Thule Air Base in Greenland and headed to NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

UT Arlington computer scientist's research to better control cyber-physical systems
Taylor Johnson, an assistant professor of Computer Science and Engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, will investigate emergent behavior in cyber-physical systems such as UAVs and satellites using a two-year, $499,546 grant from the Air Force Research Laboratory to model, predict, monitor and control potential emergent behavior.

Satellite movie shows Andres weaken to a tropical storm
A NASA-generated animation of NOAA's GOES-West satellite imagery from June 1 to 3 showed Hurricane Andres' eye disappear as the storm weakened into a tropical storm.

University of Houston receives $1.2 million for STEM scholarships
Two departments at the University of Houston have received a combined $1.2 million from the National Science Foundation to support scholarships for students in engineering technology and computer science.

New study uncovers why some threatened corals swap 'algae' partners
A new research study showed why threatened Caribbean star corals sometimes swap partners to help them recover from bleaching events.

Antibody fragments expand what PET imaging can 'see' in mice (video)
To visualize cancer throughout the body, physicians often turn to positron emission tomography, which lights up areas that are metabolically active or growing, like tumors.

Air pollution below EPA standards linked with higher death rates
A Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health study found death rates among people over 65 are higher in zip codes with more fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) than in those with lower levels.

National Psoriasis Foundation awards five Translational Research Grants
Five researchers each received a two-year, $200,000 grant from the National Psoriasis Foundation for their work to improve treatments for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, determine genetic risk factors and find new ways to manage psoriatic disease.

Household items, toys key to infant motor skill development, research finds
New research by Priscila Caçola, assistant professor of kinesiology at the University of Texas at Arlington, is helping parents and pediatricians better predict what household items and toys will help infants develop their motor skills.

University of East Anglia researcher finds rare Vietnamese rabbit
A rare and elusive rabbit has been found, held and photographed by a researcher from the University of East Anglia.

Yang Hann Kim of KAIST receives the 2015 Rossing Prize in Acoustics Education
The Acoustical Society of America announced today that Professor Yang Hann Kim of the Mechanical Engineering Department at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology was the 12th recipient of the Rossing Prize in Acoustics Education.

Paleo study shows how elevation may affect evolution
About 34 million years ago, global temperatures took a dive, causing a sudden wave of extinctions among European mammals.

UTSA research may radically change approach to blood transfusions on the battlefield
Blood and platelet research conducted by biomedical engineers from the University of Texas at San Antonio College of Engineering, in collaboration with the Blood Research Program of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research, could change the way injured soldiers are treated on the battlefield.

Study supports IDH gene as prognostic marker in anaplastic astrocytoma
A new study suggests that the mutation status of a gene called IDH1 might have prognostic value for anaplastic astrocytomas, and that it may be worth exploring further whether IDH1 status can predict the best chemotherapy for these patients.

Fond memories make fragrances a favorite
When the scent of a fragrant product triggers a fond memory that a customer holds, it is more likely to be a hit.

How did the chicken cross the road...safely?
Protecting animals from speeding vehicles doesn't have a one-size-fits-all solution.

Genetic variation of stress hormone receptor may affect vulnerability to major depression
Scientists are beginning to unwrap the biology behind why some people are more prone to major depression and other psychiatric disorders than others when experiencing stressful life events.

Azrieli Foundation donates $10 million for Hebrew University research
The Azrieli Foundation has donated $10 million to fund research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's new Azrieli Center for Stem Cells and Genetic Research, in order to study and develop cures for a wide variety of genetic disorders.

MRI technology reveals deep brain pathways in unprecedented detail
Scientists at Duke Medicine have produced a 3-D map of the human brain stem at an unprecedented level of detail using MRI technology.

Ocean Modeling Forum to bring human element to herring fishery, others
The Ocean Modeling Forum, a collaboration between the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences at University of Washington and NOAA Fisheries, is trying something very rare -- bringing together multiple science models and people who care about a particular ocean resource or fishery to decide what's most important for its vitality and the communities it serves.

Spotlight on marine litter
The current state of research and of research gaps concerning litter in our oceans is presented in the new open-access book 'Marine Anthropogenic Litter,' published by Springer.

Intravenous nutrition source could reduce side effects of chemotherapy
A single dose of an FDA-approved intravenous nutrition source may be able to significantly reduce the toxicity and increase the bioavailability of platinum-based cancer drugs, according to a study by Carnegie Mellon University biologists published in Scientific Reports.

Past failures pave way for promising new Alzheimer's treatments
Since 2002, close to 300 drug candidates to treat Alzheimer's have run into clinical dead ends.

NYU Langone Medical Center receives $15 million federal grant to advance heart health
The Department of Population Health at NYU Langone Medical Center, along with a cooperative team of health care and quality improvement experts, has been awarded a $15 million, three-year federal grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to help primary care practices use the latest evidence to improve the heart health of millions of Americans.

Research points to future test for ALS
Researchers at the University of Toronto have uncovered new insights on the genetic causes of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), which is also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Scientist at LIMR leads study demonstrating drug-induced tissue regeneration
a study led by Ellen Heber-Katz, Ph.D., of the Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, part of Main Line Health, shows that a primordial form of energy production that still exists in mammals can be harnessed to achieve spontaneous tissue regeneration in mice, without the need for added stem cells.

Trouble in the tide pools
A harmful algal bloom is the suspected culprit of a die-off in 2011 of millions of purple sea urchins and six-starred sea stars in Northern California.

This week from AGU: Gulf of Mexico erosion, Grand Canyon sandbars, rainfall fluctuations
This week from AGU come articles on Gulf of Mexico erosion, Grand Canyon sandbars, and rainfall fluctuations.

The early bird catches the sperm
Ecologists from the United States and Germany have discovered that compared with early birds, late risers are more likely to be cuckolded, meaning that they unknowingly end up raising young in their nest that had been fathered by another male.

The Lancet: Simple score predicts risk of death for middle-aged adults in the UK
Researchers have developed a score that predicts an individual's risk of dying within 5 years for people aged between 40 and 70 years old in the UK, according to new research published in The Lancet.

Wistar scientists discover 'highly effective' new biomarker for lung cancer
Scientists at The Wistar Institute have found a protein that circulates in the blood that appears to be more accurate at detecting non-small cell lung cancer than currently available methods used for screening.

EU invests 10 million € into a research infrastructure for aerosols, clouds and trace gases
The European Commission will fund the research infrastructure ACTRIS-2 with a total of 9.5 million euros until 2019.

Recovering a rare metal from LCDs to avoid depleting key resource
Life without bright screens on our smart phones and TVs is hard to imagine.

Elsevier and the International Solar Energy Society renew publishing agreement
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the International Solar Energy Society are pleased to announce a renewal of their publishing agreement.

NASA-led volunteers map landslides by Nepal quakes
As millions of people regroup from the impact of the earthquakes in Nepal, a team of international volunteers is combing through satellite imagery of the region to identify additional hazards -- earthquake-induced landslides.

Differences in metabolic rates of exploited and unexploited fish populations
Hessenauer and Vokoun, both of the Department of Natural Resources and the Environmnet at the University of Connecticut compared populations of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) taken from unexploited reference populations with those from inland recreational fisheries.

Cyberbullying less emotionally harmful to kids than traditional in-person harassment, study finds
Contrary to popular belief, cyberbullying that starts and stays online is no more emotionally harmful to youngsters than harassment that only occurs in-person and may actually be less disturbing because it's likelier to be of shorter duration and not involve significant power imbalances, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.

Arterial thrombosis: Cloaking of collagen frees up the flow
Blood clots often form when lipid-rich plaques on the inner surface of arteries rupture and platelets aggregate at the site of injury.

A smelling bee?
If there were an international smelling bee, a deadly mite would be a favorite to win.

Keeping astronauts in space longer with better air and water
As astronauts embark on increasingly ambitious space missions, scientists have to figure out how to keep them healthy for longer periods far from Earth.

New treatment for polycystic kidney disease
A new technique for treating polycystic kidney disease has been identified by researchers at The University of Manchester and UCL.

In search of memory storage
The hippocampus plays a crucial role in memory formation. However, it is not yet fully understood in what way that brain structure's individual regions are involved in the formation of memories.

New aptamer-based approach delivers microRNA therapeutic that targets cancer/cardiovascular disease
Researchers have shown that a novel delivery strategy can efficiently introduce a functional microRNA that has anti-cancer and angiogenic activities into two different types of cells--breast cancer cells to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis, and cells that line blood vessels to protect against atherosclerosis.

Cracking the function of the fly olfactory system to understand how neural circuits work
CRG scientists in Barcelona have undertaken to map the neural circuitry involved in the conversion of olfactory inputs into navigational behaviors in the fruit fly larva.

Frogs face virus risk in garden ponds
Pond owners are being urged not to use garden chemicals, or to release goldfish into ponds, because of the risk they could pose to wild frogs.

Waterloo chemist to develop revolutionary new probe to study the brain
Researchers are developing a tiny wire that will speed up the discovery of new drugs and could one day unlock the mysteries of illnesses such as Alzheimer's or Lou Gehrig's disease.

UN climate consultation to take place in over 80 countries
On Saturday, June 6, a citizen consultation on climate and energy issues will be organized in over 80 countries in preparation for COP21, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris.

B10K -- Toward decoding all bird genomes
The Avian Phylogenomics Consortium formally announces the launch of the Bird 10,000 genomes project , an initiative to generate representative draft genome sequences from all extant bird species within the next five years.

Alcohol use disorder is widespread, often untreated in the United States
Alcohol use disorder as defined by a new diagnostic classification was widespread and often untreated in the United States, with a lifetime prevalence of 29.1 percent but only 19.8 percent of adults were ever treated, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Is everybody laughing when racially charged comedy is viewed with multiple-race audiences?
UC research examines how black and white audiences react to programming that takes a controversial, humorous jab at black racial stereotypes.

US joins the world in a new era of research at the Large Hadron Collider
Scientists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider started recording data from the highest-energy particle collisions achieved on Earth.

Cooking up cognition
A new study suggests that many of the cognitive capacities that humans use for cooking -- a preference for cooked food, the ability to understand the transformation of raw food into cooked food, and even the ability to save and transport food over distance for the purposes of cooking -- are also shared with chimpanzees.

Years of good blood sugar control helps diabetic hearts, study finds
Day in and day out, millions of people with diabetes test their blood sugar levels.

Sudden draining of glacial lakes explained
In 2008 scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Washington documented for the first time how the icy bottoms of lakes atop the Greenland Ice Sheet can crack open suddenly -- draining the lakes completely within hours and sending torrents of water to the base of the ice sheet thousands of feet below.

Penn researchers home in on what's wearing out T cells
When the T cells of your immune system are forced to deal over time with cancer or a chronic infection they become exhausted -- less effective at attacking and destroying invaders.

SpringerOpen expands portfolio in Japan by launching 3 new society journals
Surgical Case Reports is now being published by SpringerOpen and it will soon be joined by JA Clinical Reports and IPSJ Transactions on Computer Vision and Applications.

Attending breast cancer screening reduces risk of death by 40 percent
Women aged 50-69 years who attend mammography screening reduce their risk of dying from breast cancer by 40 percent compared to women who are not screened -- according to a major international review of the latest evidence on breast cancer screening.

US Equity Holdings secures funding to launch Aelan Cell Technologies
US Equity Holdings announced yesterday that it has secured funding to launch Aelan Cell Technologies, a biotech startup engaged in the research, discovery, development and commercialization of innovative biomedical technologies and diagnostic tools for the advancement of human health and longevity.

Cause or consequence? John Innes Centre scientists help to settle an epigenetic debate
Using the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana as a model for their research, Professor Martin Howard, Professor Caroline Dean and members of their labs, have been trying to understand how organisms 'remember' past events at the cellular level.

Cytoskeletons shaking hands
For the fist time it is shown that specific contractile actin filament structures called arcs functionally interact with cytoplasmic intermediate filaments.

A powerful HMMER for data mining
HMMER software implements a powerful new generation of mathematical techniques for identifying hundreds of thousands of related sequences.

Antibody fragments expand what PET imaging can 'see' in mice (video)
To visualize cancer throughout the body, physicians often turn to positron emission tomography, which lights up areas that are metabolically active or growing, like tumors.

One's ability to identify different smells may impact longevity
In a recent study of older adults, those with a reduced ability to identify certain odors had an increased risk of dying during an average follow-up of four years.

Study pinpoints what part genes play in the age of first-time mums and family size
Researchers have analysed the genomes of thousands of women in the UK and the Netherlands to measure the extent to which a woman's genes play a role for when she has her first baby and how many children she will have.

IBS Center to host session on CRISPR genome editing in upcoming WCSJ
Jin-Soo Kim, director of the Center for Genome Editing at the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) will host a session titled 'CRISPR Genome Editing in Medicine and Biotechnology' at the upcoming World Conference for Science Journalists (WCSJ) to be held in Seoul, South Korea at Coex from June 8-12.

Visualizing the 'matrix'
Magnetic resonance tomography images are an important diagnostic tool. The achievable contrast depends on how well the nuclear spins that form the basis of the imaging signals can be controlled.

How to cut a vortex into slices
A group of physicists, lead by Olga Vinogradova, professor at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, came up with a way to stir up a liquid in the microchannel.

NASA's Hubble finds Pluto's moons tumbling in absolute chaos
If you lived on one of Pluto's moons, you might have a hard time determining when, or from which direction, the sun will rise each day.

Mainz physicists provide important component for the Large Hadron Collider at CERN
After a two-year operational pause and two months after its restart in April 2015, the Large Hadron Collider at the CERN research center is now again recording data at energies as high as never before.

Cancer overtakes cardiovascular disease as UK's No. 1 killer -- but only among men
Cancer has overtaken cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease and stroke, as the UK's No.

Montreal researchers develop ultra-tough fiber that imitates the structure of spider silk
Professors Frederick Gosselin and Daniel Therriault, along with their master's student Renaud Passieux, are not related to Spiderman.

Not all national parks are created equal
In an effort to shape policy, OIST's new research goes into finer detail to see whether or not national parks are really effective in preventing deforestation.

Antarctica and the strategic plan for biodiversity
Stanford Ph.D. candidate Cassandra Brooks will take part in a conference on Antarctic biodiversity in Monaco from June 8-10.

BESC, Mascoma develop revolutionary microbe for biofuel production
Biofuels pioneer Mascoma LLC and the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center have developed a revolutionary strain of yeast that could help significantly accelerate the development of biofuels from nonfood plant matter.

Ancient El Niños triggered Baja bunny booms
At times during the past 10,000 years, cottontails and hares reproduced like rabbits and their numbers surged when the El Niño weather pattern drenched the Pacific Coast with rain, according to a University of Utah analysis of 3,463 bunny bones.

Helping robots handle uncertainty
An algorithm for planning robot collaborations makes complex models practical.

UMass amherst avian ecologists combine bird survey data to ID vulnerable boreal species
Continent-wide bird surveys play an important role in conservation, says avian ecologist Joel Ralston at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, but they can miss rare or isolated species whose habitat is off the beaten path, such as at high elevation or in a dense bog.

Physicists eager to begin analysis of data from new, higher energy run of LHC
When experiments at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland start collecting the first 13-teraelectronvolt particle collisions data today, a long wait will be over for three University of Massachusetts Amherst physicists, who now begin some of the most exciting years of their careers searching for new subatomic particles, evidence of extra dimensions and the nature of dark matter.

Lower birth weight associated with proximity of mother's home to gas wells
Pregnant women living close to a high density of natural gas wells drilled with hydraulic fracturing were more likely to have babies with lower birth weights than women living farther from such wells, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis of southwestern Pennsylvania birth records.

3-D printing goes high speed and high volume
The world's first additive manufacturing (3-D printing) machine that can make plastic parts as fast and as cheaply as traditional manufacturing is to be built by the University of Sheffield.

Long-term memory formation
A team of NYU neuroscientists has determined how a pair of growth factor molecules contributes to long-term memory formation.

The Lancet: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) Seminar
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) has recently returned to the headlines as new cases have been exported to Korea and China.

Eukaryotes: A new timetable of evolution
The first single-celled organisms with a nucleus originated more than a billion years later than biogeochemical evidence had previously indicated.

BPA can adversely affect parenting behavior in mice
Biparental care of offspring occurs in only a minority of species.

Pluto's moons seen in highest detail yet
A new study in the journal Nature is the first to reveal fascinating details about the orbital and rotational patterns of Pluto and its five known moons.

Satellite sees Hurricane Blanca develop a pinhole eye
Tropical Storm Blanca strengthened into a hurricane while remaining almost stationary and about 400 miles west of the west coast of Mexico on June 3.

Early clinical trial success for new rheumatoid arthritis treatment
University of Queensland researchers have developed a world-first vaccine-style therapeutic approach to treat rheumatoid arthritis, a debilitating disease affecting more than 450,000 people in Australia.

World's smallest spirals could guard against identity theft
Vanderbilt researchers have made the world's smallest spirals and found they have unique optical properties that are nearly impossible to counterfeit if they were added to identity cards, currency and other objects.

Large majority of Americans -- including gun owners -- support stronger gun policies
A large majority of Americans -- including gun owners -- continue to support stronger policies to prevent gun violence than are present in current federal and most state law.
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