Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 05, 2015
Joint statement outlines guidance on diabetes self-management education, support
A joint position statement outlining when, how and what type of Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSME/S) should be delivered to patients is being released today at the American Diabetes Association's 75th Scientific Sessions.

Babies who can resettle are more likely to 'sleep through the night'
Young infants who can 'resettle' themselves after waking up are more likely to sleep for prolonged periods at night, according to a video study in the June Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

Trinity biochemists devise snappy new technique for blueprinting cell membrane proteins
Biochemists from Trinity College Dublin have devised a new technique that will make the job of blueprinting certain proteins considerably faster, cheaper and easier.

Innovative hybrid-electric powertrain for road sweepers
Empa, ETH Z├╝rich and the road sweeper manufacturer Bucher Municipal have jointly developed a pioneering hybrid-electric powertrain for road sweepers in a CTI project.

Researchers targeting host rather than flu virus have success with new treatment in mice
People who die from the flu actually die from respiratory failure.

Noninvasive prenatal fetal testing can detect early stage cancer in mothers
Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for chromosomal fetal disorders is used increasingly to test for conditions such as Down's syndrome, because it is known to be much safer than invasive testing methods.

Ten graduate students and postdocs receive GSA's DeLill Nasser Award
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is proud to name ten early-career scientists -- four graduate students and six postdoctoral researchers -- as Fall 2015 recipients of GSA's DeLill Nasser Award for Professional Development in Genetics.

Research reveals key interaction that opens the channel into the cell's nucleus
Rockefeller University scientists have uncovered crucial steps in the dynamic dance that dilates and constricts the nuclear pore complex -- the latest advance in their ongoing efforts to tease apart the mechanism by which its central channel admits specific molecules.

Study: Top salads with eggs to better absorb vegetables' carotenoids
Adding eggs to a salad with a variety of raw vegetables is an effective method to improve the absorption of carotenoids, which are fat-soluble nutrients that help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, according to research from Purdue University

Fruit fly genetics reveal pesticide resistance and insight into cancer
Thomas Werner at Michigan Technological University has bridged the miniscule and the massive in an effort to better understand the mechanisms behind several unique features of fruit fly genes.

Rabbit virus improves bone marrow transplants, kills some cancer cells
University of Florida Health researchers have discovered that a rabbit virus can deliver a one-two punch, killing some kinds of cancer cells while eliminating a common and dangerous complication of bone marrow transplants.

New study shows the dynamics of active swarms in alternating fields
Researchers from Uppsala University, together with colleagues at University College Dublin, have studied the dynamics of active swarms using computer simulations and experiments on unicellular algae.

Good eyes but poor vision: An indistinct world for 1 in 20
Amblyopia is caused not by organic damage to the eyes but by the brain incorrectly fitting together the images the eyes provide.

Discovery of new genetic mutation in aortic disease allows better diagnosis
Although aortic disease runs in families and is believed to have a genetic cause, until now only 30 percent of the cases could be explained by the genetic mutations discovered to date.

Research published about unexpected complications of low-risk pregnancies
Research by Drs. Valery Danilack and Maureen Phipps about the unexpected complications of low risk pregnancies has been published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

A genetic approach to understanding addiction
A new study aims to find the genetic causes specific symptoms of substance addiction, which could lead to a more nuanced way of looking at substance abuse, and ways to treat it

Ladybird colors reveal their toxicity
For one of Britain's best-loved and colorful group of insects, ladybirds, the brightness of their color reveals the extent of their toxicity to predators, according to new research undertaken at the Universities of Exeter and Cambridge.

Teachers' health: Healthy heart, stressed psyche
As a result of their work, teachers suffer psychosomatic disorders such as exhaustion, fatigue, and headaches more frequently than other occupational groups.

Powerful people are quick to notice injustice when they are victimized, research finds
Power is accompanied by a sense of entitlement, which shapes reactions to self-relevant injustices.

Noninvasive prenatal testing: Effective, safe, preferred by parents
UK researchers say that none-invasive prenatal testing is feasible, acceptable to parents, and could be introduced into the National Health Service.

First national study of noninvasive prenatal testing shows it works
Results from the first national study of noninvasive prenatal testing in women at high risk of having a baby with Down's syndrome, carried out in The Netherlands, show that the technique is accurate and acceptable to parents.

UTHealth research: Autologous stem cell therapy helpful in traumatic brain injury
The use of cell therapy after traumatic brain injury in children can reduce the amount of therapeutic interventions needed to treat the patient, as well as the amount of time the child spends in neurointensive care, according to research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School.

TGen led study points towards new strategies for stopping the spread of Staph and MRSA
Staphylococcus aureus -- better known as Staph -- is a common inhabitant of the human nose, and people who carry it are at increased risk for dangerous Staph infections.

Novel genetic mutations may arise during early embryonic development
Until now, de novo genetic mutations, alterations in a gene found for the first time in one family member, were believed to be mainly the result of new mutations in the sperm or eggs (germline) of one of the parents and passed on to their child.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite gets colorful look at Hurricane Blanca
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite flew over Hurricane Blanca in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and gathered infrared data on the storm that was false-colored to show locations of the strongest thunderstorms within the storm.

Next-generation illumination using silicon quantum dot-based white-blue LED
An Si quantum dot (QD)-based hybrid inorganic/organic light-emitting diode (LED) that exhibits white-blue electroluminescence has been fabricated by Professor Ken-ichi Saitow, graduate student Yunzi Xin, and their collaborators.

For discounts, Americans give up personal data, resigned that marketers will get it anyway
Marketers have said for years that Americans give up their data online, on apps and in stores because of the benefits they receive, such as discounts or special offers.

Archaeologists discover evidence of prehistoric gold trade route
Archaeologists at the University of Southampton have found evidence of an ancient gold trade route between the south-west of the UK and Ireland.

More accurate continuous glucose monitoring systems can reduce frequency of hypoglycemic episodes
In silico experiments demonstrate that advanced sensor and software technology that improves the accuracy of Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) can enable better detection of dangerously low blood sugar and reduced frequency of hypoglycemic episodes.

Paleo-engineering: New study reveals complexity of Triceratops' teeth
When it comes to the three-horned dinosaur called the Triceratops, science is showing the ancient creatures might have been a little more complex than we thought.

UAB researchers design the most precise quantum thermometer to date
Physicists at the UAB have found the 'formula' to construct a quantum thermometer with enough precision to detect minute fluctuations in temperature in regions as small as the inside of a cell.

Tiny but precise: The most accurate quantum thermometers
Scientists have defined the smallest, most accurate thermometer allowed by the laws of physics -- one that could detect the smallest fluctuations in microscopic regions, such as the variations within a biological cell.

A new role for zebrafish: Larger scale gene function studies
Scientists at the National Human Genome Research Institute are using a fairly new gene-editing technology known as CRISPR/Cas9 to target specific DNA sequences in zebrafish.

Memory loss among the elderly is lower than what was originally thought
The research, conducted by Wilma Koutstaal (University of Minnesota) and Alaitz Aizpurua (UPV/EHU), concludes that the memory of older adults is not as deficient as has been thought until now.

Strokes steal 8 years' worth of brain function, new study suggests
Having a stroke ages a person's brain function by almost eight years, new research finds -- robbing them of memory and thinking speed as measured on cognitive tests.

Diverse coral communities persist, but bioerosion escalates in Palau's low-pH waters
A new study led by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) found that the coral reefs in Palau seem to be defying the odds, showing none of the predicted responses to low pH except for an increase in bioerosion -- the physical breakdown of coral skeletons by boring organisms such as mollusks and worms.

100 years of ecology at the Centennial Meeting of the Ecological Society of America
When ESA was founded in 1915, ecology was a new field, still defining its scope as a discipline rooted in the study of the relationships of organisms to each other and their environment.

Daily sugar-sweetened beverage habit linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
A daily sugar-sweetened beverage habit may increase the risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University report today in the Journal of Hepatology.

Engineering the future: Southampton Regius Lecture 2015
The University of Southampton's world-leading achievements in autonomous systems and artificial intelligence will be celebrated at a special event in London next week to mark the inaugural lecture of Professor Nick Jennings, who has been awarded a Regius Professorship in Computer Science.

UC Davis awards $1 million to seed brain science research
UC Davis has awarded up to $200,000 each to five interdisciplinary teams of campus scientists working on potentially transformative projects in brain science.

Winner announced for NNI's first Nanotechnology Student Video Contest
The video explains a new method for disinfecting drinking water using a nanodiamond powder.

Personality shapes the way our brains react to eye contact
Eye contact plays a crucial role when people initiate interaction with other people.

Why good people do bad things
When facing an ethical dilemma, being aware of the temptation before it happens and thinking about the long-term consequences of misbehaving could help more people do the right thing, according to a new study.

Study of marine reserves published in Oceanography
A new study published in the June 15th Oceanography journal finds that effective fisheries reform strategies are more than a pipe dream: they exist and they work.

Moving sector walls on the nano scale
Scientists at ETH Zurich are able to visualize and selectively modify the internal order of an intensively researched class of materials known as multiferroics.
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