Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2015
New study shows boys will be boys -- sex differences aren't specific to autism
A study led by a University of Miami researcher shows that behaviors relevant to autism are more frequently observed in boys than in girls, whether they're at risk of autism or not.

New composite material as CO2 sensor
A new material changes its conductivity depending on the concentration of CO2 in the environment.

New microscope technique could speed identification of deadly bacteria
A new way of rapidly identifying bacteria, which requires a slight modification to a simple microscope, may change the way doctors approach treatment for patients who develop potentially deadly infections and may also help the food industry screen against contamination with harmful pathogens, according to researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in Daejeon, South Korea.

Most detailed view ever of star formation in the distant universe
ALMA's Long Baseline Campaign has produced a spectacularly detailed image of a distant galaxy being gravitationally lensed.

Stanford scientists show fMRI memory detectors can be easily fooled
Real-time brain scans coupled with a machine-learning algorithm can reveal whether a person has memory of a particular subject.

Yin and yang -- immune signaling protein has opposing roles in breast cancer development
Countering previously held beliefs, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that inhibiting the immune receptor protein TLR4 may not be a wise treatment strategy in all cancers.

Crossing a critical threshold in optical communications
Researchers from Lehigh University, Japan and Canada have advanced a step closer to the dream of all-optical data transmission by building and demonstrating what they call the 'world's first fully functioning single crystal waveguide in glass.' In an article published in Scientific Reports, the group said it had employed ultrafast femtosecond lasers to produce a three-dimensional single crystal capable of guiding light waves through glass with little loss of light.

Massey researchers identify patients at risk for stem cell transplant complications
Researchers at VCU Massey Cancer Center's Bone Marrow Transplant Program have recently published findings from a phase 2 clinical trial that demonstrate lymphocyte recovery in related and unrelated stem cell transplant recipients generally falls into three patterns that are significantly associated with survival.

Flash flood risks increase as storm peak downpours intensify
Thirty-year weather records from 79 locations across Australia reveal peak downpours during storms are intensifying at warmer temperatures across all climate zones, leading to greater flash flood risks in cities.

$10 million grant funds 5-year citrus greening research project
To help develop a therapeutic treatment for citrus greening disease, a bacterial infection that threatens the future of the US citrus industry, the United States Department of Agriculture Specialty Crop Research Initiative has awarded a diverse group of researchers a $10 million grant.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Blanca weaken
NASA's RapidScat instrument and NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites showed the transition of Blanca from a hurricane to a tropical storm before it made landfall in Baja California.

Theranostic drug personalizes prostate cancer imaging and therapy
A novel radionuclide drug tackles the challenge of prostate cancer imaging and takes a turn as a cancer-killing therapy for tumors in and out of the prostate, according to research presented during the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI).

Can we increase harvest of woody biomass from European forests?
The supply of woody biomass from the forests in the European Union can be increased significantly beyond the current level of resource use.

Loon chicks grow fast and fledge early to give parents a break
Raising healthy chicks is always a challenge, but in a cold, fish-free Arctic lake, it's an enormous undertaking.

Nanomaterial self-assembly imaged in real time
A team of researchers from UC San Diego, Florida State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratories has for the first time visualized the growth of 'nanoscale' chemical complexes in real time, demonstrating that processes in liquids at the scale of one-billionth of a meter can be documented as they happen.

Amyloid scan of the heart predicts major cardiac events
Amyloid build-up is commonly talked about in relation to Alzheimer's disease, but amyloidosis can be found throughout the body.

Recovery of sensory function by stem cell transplants
New research from Uppsala University shows promising progress in the use of stem cells for treatment of spinal cord injury.

Primary endpoint met for trial evaluating cardiovascular outcomes with sitagliptin (TECOS)
Treatment with sitagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, versus placebo for median 3 years in 14,671 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and established cardiovascular (CV) disease showed non-inferiority for the primary composite cardiovascular endpoint of the Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS), and no increase in hospitalization for heart failure in the sitagliptin group.

Certain donors with high T cell counts make better match for stem-cell transplant patients
Older patients who received stem cells from younger, unrelated donors with higher numbers of so-called killer T cells (CD8 cells) had significantly reduced risk of disease relapse and improved survival compared to those who received stem-cells from donors with low numbers of CD8 cells, including older matched siblings.

Innovative pediatric HIV treatment formulation gives more children access to medications
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation applauds the announcement of tentative approval by the US Food and Drug Administration of a new antiretroviral treatment formulation that will make it easier for children living with HIV to ingest their medication.

The shape of a perfect fire
In a study published in Nature Scientific Reports, Adrian Bejan of Duke University shows that, all other variables being equal, the best fires are roughly as tall as they are wide.

Breast cancer study raises hope of therapy to stop tumor spread
Scientists have discovered a trigger that allows breast cancer cells to spread to the lungs.

Rusk Rehabilitation celebrates 65 years as leaders in rehabilitation medicine
Anniversary remembers the contributions of Howard A. Rusk, M.D., the 'Father of Rehabilitation Medicine.' Special events also shed spotlight on the latest innovations in rehabilitation medicine.

Dynamic whole-body PET detects more cancer
Imaging lung cancer requires both precision and innovation. With this aim, researchers have developed a technique for clinical positron emission tomography (PET) imaging that creates advanced whole-body parametric maps, which allow quantitative evaluation of tumors and metastases throughout the body, according to research announced at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 01A's winds intensify
Tropical Cyclone 01A has been moving in a northerly direction through the Northern Indian Ocean, and is now curving to the west, moving into the Gulf of Oman.

Progress in safety verification of Chinese high-speed train control system
The train control system is the heart of Chinese high-speed railways, which is a core technology to ensure safe operation as well as high throughput of trains.

Nation's first operational satellite in deep space reaches final orbit
More than 100 days after it launched, NOAA's Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite has reached its orbit position about one million miles from Earth.

Virus evolution and human behavior shape global patterns of flu movement
The global movement patterns of all four seasonal influenza viruses are illustrated in research published today in the journal Nature, providing a detailed account of country-to-country virus spread over the last decade and revealing unexpected differences in circulation patterns between viruses.

UCSF study projects need for 2.5 million more long-term care workers by 2030
At least two and a half million more workers will be needed to provide long-term care to older people in the United States between now and 2030, according to a study by UC San Francisco researchers published in the June 2015 issue of Health Affairs.

New joint military-civilian database provides insights on health care outcomes, utilization, and cost
The US Army, Department of Defense, and University of Pennsylvania scientists collaborated to generate the Person-Event Data Environment, a Big Data platform that captures financial, health, medical, and other data for every soldier from entry to separation from the armed forces.

New survey: Only about half of men can remember their last medical check-up
A new national survey by Orlando Health found that more than 80 percent of men could remember the make and model of their first car, but only about half could remember their last check up with a doctor.

Survey finds state policies have critical impact on ACA applications, enrollment
A new survey by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health finds that the variable approaches states have taken to implementing the Affordable Care Act have had major effects on whether low-income adults are aware of the law, whether they have applied and obtained coverage, and whether or not they think the law has helped them.

Novel PET tracer narrows in on life-threatening blood clots
Fatal cardiac events are often preceded by abnormal blood clots, also called thrombosis.

Researchers analyze the structure of bird feathers to create hues without dye
University of Akron associate professor of biology, Dr. Matthew Shawkey, his colleague Dr.

The health effects of homophobia
Gay and bisexual men living in European countries with strong attitudes and policies against homosexuality are far less likely to use HIV-prevention services, test for HIV, and discuss their sexuality with health providers, according to research led by Yale School of Public Health.

ALMA uses 'natural telescope' to image monstrous galaxy near the edge of the universe
For centuries cartographers were fond of depicting monsters along the edges of their maps.

Molecular imaging reveals marker of neurodegenerative disease
Brain researchers have been working for years on targeting a cellular process involved in neurodegeneration and cognitive dysfunction.

Amyloid PET may lead to better treatment for Alzheimer's patients
New research presented during the 2015 annual aeeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) demonstrates that amyloid positron emission tomography (amyloid PET) scans of the brain provide clearer diagnosis and earlier, more effective treatment for Alzheimer's patients, when results of a more conventional PET scan remain ambiguous.

How your brain is telling you to vote
A new joint study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and the Centre for the Study of Democratic Citizenship, both at McGill University, has cast some light on the brain mechanisms that support people's voting decisions.

Some hospitals marking up prices more than 1,000 percent
The 50 hospitals in the United States with the highest markup of prices over their actual costs are charging out-of-network patients and the uninsured, as well as auto and workers' compensation insurers, more than 10 times the costs allowed by Medicare, new research suggests.

California Academy of Sciences discovers 100 new species in the Philippines
Scientists from the California Academy of Sciences are celebrating World Ocean's Day with a slew of brand new marine discoveries -- more than 100 species that are likely new to science.

Restraining health care prices requires workforce productivity gains, not wage cuts alone
Cost containment will require not wage reductions alone, but broad productivity gains derived from the use of fewer or less-skilled employees to produce any given service, the study concludes.

Making organic molecules in hydrothermal vents in the absence of life
For more than a decade, the scientific community has postulated that methane could be spontaneously produced by chemical reactions between hydrogen from hydrothermal vent fluid and carbon dioxide.

As death rates drop, nonfatal diseases and injuries take a bigger toll on health globally
People across the world are living longer but spending more time in ill health as rates of nonfatal diseases and injuries -- including diabetes and hearing loss -- decline more slowly than death rates, according to a new analysis of 301 diseases and injuries in 188 countries.

National study finds rising rate of marijuana exposure among children 5 years old, younger
Debates about legalizing marijuana have focused on crime rates, economic benefits, and health effects among adults.

DFG Europa-Preis awarded to 8 'Jugend forscht' prizewinners
Six young male researchers and two young female researchers have been awarded the Europa-Preis by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Northeastern researchers investigate rules of the water
This summer an inter­dis­ci­pli­nary research team led by North­eastern pro­fessor Geoff Trussell will study com­mu­nity orga­ni­za­tion and con­nec­tivity of rocky inter­tidal habi­tats throughout the Gulf of Maine.

Researchers identify unique marker on mom's chromosomes in early embryo
Researchers in the University of Georgia's Regenerative Bioscience Center are visually capturing the first process of chromosome alignment and separation at the beginning of mouse development.

Depletion of naive T cells from stem cell grafts limits chronic graft-versus host disease
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation evaluates GVHD in a small set of patients with leukemia that received stem cell grafts that had been depleted of naive T cells prior to transplantation.

Hybrid scanner combines five molecular imaging technologies
Scientists are taking medical imaging research and drug discovery to a new level by developing a molecular imaging system that combines several advanced technologies for all-in-one imaging of both tissue models and live subjects, say presenters at the 2015 annual meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI).

Genomic testing can help identify patients at heightened risk for esophageal cancer
Barrett's esophagus (BE) develops in a subset of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and can increase the risk of developing cancer of the esophagus.

New approach for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, in collaboration with an international team, have identified a potential novel drug target for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a dangerous chronic lung disease.

Ultrasound and algorithms to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies
Currently the only test to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies is through a lumbar puncture, a painful and difficult procedure to perform.

The chemistry of gender transitions (video)
With Caitlyn Jenner's recent transition in the news, more attention is being paid to the transgender community.

PET/CT captures hidden source of neuroendocrine cancer
The origin of cancer is often obscured by metastases -- tumors that have already spread to other tissues.

Scientists identify new drug target to treat ALS
Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes and the University of Michigan have identified a cellular mechanism that can be targeted to treat ALS.

NJIT professor earns patent for next-generation water filter
Somenath Mitra, distinguished professor of chemistry and environmental science, was awarded a patent last month for a next-generation water desalination and purification technology that uses uniquely absorbent carbon nanotubes to remove salt and pollutants from brackish water and industrial effluent for reuse by businesses and households.

Nation's first operational satellite in deep space reaches final orbit
More than 100 days after it launched, NOAA's Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite has reached its orbit position about one million miles from Earth.

Controller in the cell
A Frankfurt research team led by Ivan Dikic, Professor for Biochemistry, now successfully decoded molecular details enabling a better understanding of two neurodegenerative diseases.

Who your doctor is could dictate how you're cared for at end of life
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital indicates that the individual physician a patient sees is the strongest known predictor of whether or not he or she will enroll in hospice care, outweighing other known drivers such as geographic location, patient age, race and comorbidities.

New study sheds light on life satisfaction and mortality risk in older adults
In a study just published by researchers at Chapman University, findings showed that greater life satisfaction in adults older than 50 years of age is related to a reduced risk of mortality.

Study links lower life satisfaction to sleep problems during midlife
A new study suggests that lower life satisfaction is linked to sleep problems during midlife.

Don't complain, train young adult slackers who work in your office
Emerging adults aged 18 to 25 are often criticized for their poor interpersonal skills, sense of entitlement, and casual work ethic.

Counting people with WiFi
WiFi signal is used to estimate the number of people in a given area.

Wayne State professor receives prestigious DOE early career grant
The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science recently announced its selection of 50 scientists from across the nation to receive its Early Career Research Program award.

Study links severe restless legs syndrome to increased risk of stroke
A new study suggests that increased restless legs syndrome severity is associated with subsequent increased risk of stroke.

'Genomic catastrophe' may cause normal cells to become cancerous
A new study published in the American Journal of Pathology provides the missing link between a single untoward event, cell fusion, and the multiple catastrophic genetic changes that ultimately transform normal cells into cancerous cells.

Chimpanzees may know when they are right and move to prove it
Chimpanzees are capable of metacognition, or thinking about one's own thinking, and can adjust their behavior accordingly, researchers at Georgia State University, Agnes Scott College, Wofford College and the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York have discovered.

Researchers expose how 'James Bond' cells are made
New research from Australian and Singaporean scientists has revealed how immune cell 'spies' are created, providing clues on how the immune system could be manipulated to better fight disease.

Navigating multiple myeloma with 'Google Maps' for the cancer genome
In a new study published June 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, David Schwartz and his University of Wisconsin-Madison research team describe a new approach for studying the cancer genome that Schwartz says will let scientists account for both the individual tiles and the whole mosaic.

PET detects more prostate cancer than conventional imaging
Research presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging shows how a new molecular imaging agent finds prostate cancer that has spread to other tissues by locking in on an enzyme called prostate specific membrane antigen, associated with prostate cancer.

The Lancet: Over 95 percent of the world's population has health problems -- with over a third having more than 5 ailments
Just one in 20 people worldwide had no health problems in 2013, with a third of the world's population (2.3 billion individuals) experiencing more than five ailments, according to a major new analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, published in The Lancet.

Large wildfires plague Alberta and Saskatchewan
Large fires have broken out in Alberta and Saskatchewan in Canada.

Taking statins? Don't worry about memory loss, Rutgers, Penn study finds
Cholesterol-lowering statin drugs most likely do not cause short-term memory loss, according to a Rutgers University and University of Pennsylvania study of nearly one million patients -- contrary to prior assertions.

SNMMI image of the year -- theranostic drug unites imaging and therapy for prostate cancer
A novel molecular imaging technology not only detects prostate cancer that has spread throughout the body, but also provides a potent and minimally invasive method of radiotherapy, reveal researchers at the 2015 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging annual meeting.

Just add water: Stanford engineers develop a computer that operates on water droplets
Manu Prakash, an assistant professor of bioengineering at Stanford, and his students have developed a synchronous computer that operates using the unique physics of moving water droplets.

Novel mutational process targeting gene regulatory elements discovered
Researchers at University of Helsinki, Finland, and Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, discovered previously uncharacterized mutational patterns in the human regulatory genome, especially in gastrointestinal tract cancers.

Antibiotic use can be cut dramatically for abdominal infections, major trial shows
In a finding important for preventing the development of antibiotic-resistant superbugs, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine and 22 other institutions have determined that the duration of antibiotic treatment for complicated abdominal infections can be cut by half and remain equally effective.

Land management practices to become important as biofuels use grows
The handling of agricultural crop residues appears to have a large impact on soil's ability to retain carbon, making land management practices increasingly important, especially under a scenario where cellulosic materials become more heavily used as a feedstock for ethanol production, according to a recently published study led by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Lean despite many calories
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center have identified an enzyme in mice that is involved in obesity and metabolic disruptions associated with it, such as type 2 diabetes.

Anti-rejection medications for transplant recipients protect against Alzheimer's disease
A new study from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has revealed that a treatment taken daily by people who have had organ transplants to prevent organ rejection protects against Alzheimer's disease.

Futuristic components on silicon chips, fabricated successfully
A team of IBM researchers in Zurich, Switzerland with support from colleagues in Yorktown Heights, N.Y., has developed a relatively simple, robust and versatile process for growing crystals made from compound semiconductor materials that will allow them be integrated onto silicon wafers -- an important step toward making future computer chips that will allow integrated circuits to continue shrinking in size and cost even as they increase in performance.

Molecular MRI aims at component of multiple cancers
A relatively new biomarker called prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is the bullseye for three new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agents that bind to the protein in not only prostate cancer, but a range of tumor types, according to research unveiled at the 2015 annual meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI).

Study examines psychotropic medication use in children, teens with Down syndrome
A new study gives insight into the mental health of children and teens with Down syndrome and the behavioral medications that medical caregivers sometimes prescribe for them.

President Obama names scientists Pellegrini and Shank as 2014 Enrico Fermi Award recipients
President Obama has named Dr. Claudio Pellegrini and Dr. Charles V.

Atmospheric signs of volcanic activity could aid search for life
Planets with volcanic activity are considered better candidates for life than worlds without such heated internal goings-on.

Early attention to quality of life reduces hospital costs for advanced cancer patients
Earlier introduction of palliative care for patients hospitalized with advanced cancer is associated with lower hospital costs, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Quenched glasses, asteroid impacts, and ancient life on Mars
Quenched glasses formed by asteroid impacts can encapsulate and preserve biological material for millions of years on Earth, and can also serve as a substrate for microbial life.

Certain preoperative tests still common in US despite low value and high costs
Professional physician associations consider certain routine tests before elective surgery to be of low value and high cost, and have sought to discourage their utilization.

Bacterial sepsis protein may inhibit cancer cell growth
A toxin secreted by Vibrio vulnificus, a water and food-borne bacteria that can cause rapidly lethal infections in persons with liver disease, has potential to prevent the growth of tumors.

Putting 2 and 2 together
Researchers at Princeton have developed a cobalt-catalyzed [2π+2π] reaction that may give unprecedented access to cyclobutanes, four-membered ring-containing molecules.

Ultrafast heat conduction can manipulate nanoscale magnets
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have uncovered physical mechanisms allowing the manipulation of magnetic information with heat.

Global health studies in June Health Affairs
A new study in Health Affairs examines the economic impact of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief -- or PEPFAR -- in sub-Saharan Africa.

Technology offers a bird's-eye view on how foreclosure affects the landscape
University of Illinois researchers used remote sensing technology to observe rapid change in US urban settings, specifically homes in Maricopa County, Arizona, that foreclosed over about a 10-year period.

Higher concentration of physicians groups could increase costs, Stanford researchers say
As physician groups grow larger, their increased market share may drive costs up, rather than down, as they gain bargaining power with insurers, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Disrupting tumor cell 'microenvironment' suggests a new way to treat a prevalent childhood leukemia
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and its Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center are reporting a potentially important discovery in the battle against one of the most devastating forms of leukemia that accounts for as many as one in five children with a particularly aggressive form of the disease relapsing within a decade.

Electroporation delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 system improves efficiency and throughput
Jackson Laboratory researchers have shown that using an electric current to deliver the CRISPR/Cas9 system, in order to engineer genetic changes in laboratory mice, is highly efficient and significantly improves the system's throughput over the microinjection technique.

Study finds high Medicare Advantage copays for hospital, nursing care
A new study of the out-of-pocket costs seniors face for a long hospital stay followed by skilled nursing care found that Medicare Advantage plan holders, even if they had incomes just above the poverty level, typically had copays hundreds of dollars greater than the hospital deductible under traditional Medicare.

Modern housing reduces malaria risk
As mosquitoes become resistant to insecticides and malaria parasites become resistant to drugs, researchers looked at how making changes to houses might contribute to tackling the deadly disease.

Stroke patients recover arm use with virtual reality
Virtual reality could assist arm rehabilitation in some stroke patients, according to a clinical pilot study published in the open access Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.

Cloud-based neuroimaging analysis could aid Alzheimer's diagnosis
Alzheimer's disease remains a chronic, incurable neurodegenerative disease and a worldwide health concern.

Antibody response linked to lower mother-to-child HIV transmission
How most babies are protected from acquiring HIV from their infected mothers has been a matter of scientific controversy.

Diabetic researchers pinpoint gene key to reactivating insulin-producing beta cells
Led by professor Jeffery Tessem, four students with diabetes are investigating the molecular pathways that can activate the replication of beta cells.

Concentrations and distributions of Dechlorane Plus around a manufacturing plant in China
A comprehensive investigation into the occurrence of Dechlorane Plus (DP) in environmental samples around a DP manufacturing plant in East China was performed.

ASEAN economic integration means huge challenges for trees, farmers and food supply
Ten Southeast Asian nations will form a single economic bloc at the end of 2015.

Been there? Done that? If you are sure, thank your 'memory cells'
The witness on the stand says he saw the accused at the scene of the crime.

Hospital stays longer, more costly with poorly controlled blood sugar
Diabetes patients with abnormal blood sugar levels had longer, more costly hospital stays than those with glucose levels in a healthy range, according to studies presented by Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute researchers at the 75th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), which ends June 9 in Boston.

Stanford engineers develop state-by-state plan to convert US to 100 percent renewable energy
Mark Z. Jacobson and colleagues show that it's technically possible for each state to replace fossil fuel energy with entirely clean, renewable energy.

Whole genome sequencing found to rapidly enhance infection control
Whole genome sequencing can quickly isolate the specific strain of bacteria causing an outbreak, identify the source of contamination, and enable rapid infection prevention to stop the spread of infection, according to a study published today.

Building a better grunt -- ONR-sponsored technology to lighten marines' loads
The Office of Naval Research has presented the Marine Corps with a 3-D computer simulation program that measures equipment weight, distribution and effects on body mechanics and individual warfighter performance.

What do walnuts smell like?
Why do some insects lay their eggs in some walnuts and not in others?

Martian glass -- window into possible past life
Brown University researchers have found large deposits of glass formed by impactors on the surface of Mars.

Important new research on early palliative care for advanced cancer patients published
Researchers at Trinity College Dublin and Mount Sinai in New York have just published new research which for the first time provides strong evidence on the economic benefits of early palliative care intervention for people with an advanced cancer diagnosis.

ORNL, Hyundai Motor collaborating through new R&D agreement
Hyundai Motor Company and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have signed an agreement intended to strengthen the automaker's US research and development portfolio.

Tool can accurately predict risk of death within 1 year after admission to hospital
A recently developed tool can accurately predict the risk of death for patients within one year after admission to hospital using routinely collected data, reports a study in CMAJ.

UT Arlington's new NSF center and industry partnership aims to lower infrastructure costs
A new National Science Foundation center at the University of Texas at Arlington will determine how to best use composite materials to extend the life-cycle of civil infrastructure, resulting in less maintenance and lower costs to taxpayers.

Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may share genetic roots with creativity
Genes linked to creativity could increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, according to new research carried out by researchers at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London.

Injectable electronics
A team of international researchers, led by Charles Lieber, the Mark Hyman, Jr.

Theranostic PET takes on both ovarian and prostate cancer
A first-in-human study revealed at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging shows how a powerful new drug finds and attaches itself to the ovarian and prostate cancer cells for both imaging and personalized cancer treatment.

Mercouri Kanatzidis honored for renewable energy research
Northwestern University's Mercouri G. Kanatzidis has received the 2015 Renewable Energy Prize, one of the prestigious Eni Awards, for his work capturing potential energy released by wasted heat.

People at risk of hoarding disorder may have serious complaints about sleep
A new study suggests that those at risk of hoarding disorder may have serious complaints about sleep.

Bistatic/multistatic synthetic aperture radar: Approaching the new era
Bistatic/multistatic SAR has attracted global attention and made remarkable progress recently.

Christine H. Fox named JSM 2015 president's invited speaker
Christine H. Fox, assistant director for policy and analysis at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, has been selected by American Statistical Association President David R.

Tiny particles, big impact?
Researchers at Binghamton University believe understanding nanoparticles' ability to influence our metabolic processing may be integral to mediating metabolic disorders and obesity, both of which are on the rise and have been linked to processed foods.

Study examines association between cholesterol-lowering drugs, memory impairment
Both statin and nonstatin cholesterol-lowering drugs were associated with memory loss in the first 30 days after patients started taking the medications when compared with nonusers, but researchers suggest the association may have resulted because patients using the medications may have more contact with their physicians and therefore be more likely to detect any memory loss, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Transgender HIV-infected women in US have poorer disease control and unmet basic needs
A new CDC study that combines three years of data to produce nationally representative estimates characterizing HIV-infected adults receiving care in the US shows that those who identify as transgender women are significantly less likely to adhere to anti-HIV medication regimens and to achieve viral suppression.

Getting to the heart of the matter: CERN's hidden heritage
A nuclear physicist and an archaeologist at the University of York have joined forces to produce a unique appraisal of the cultural significance of one of the world's most important locations for scientific inquiry.

University of Houston researchers search for new, more efficient materials
Researchers from the University of Houston are working to discover novel materials, funded by a $1 million grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.

Star-shaped cells help blood vessels in the brain keep a grip on a healthy tone
A star-shaped brain cell called an astrocyte appears to help keep blood pressure and blood flow inside the brain on a healthy, even keel, scientists report.

Researchers boost body's inflammation-reduction mechanism to combat obesity-fueled disease
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and University College Dublin (UCD) have found that augmenting a naturally occurring molecule in the body can help protect against obesity-related diseases by reducing inflammation in the fat tissues.

Stiffened penalties for nighttime teen driving associated with fewer fatal crashes
Results of the research, published by Health Affairs in its June 2015 issue, found that the rate of crashes involving fatal and incapacitating injury among drivers age 16-17 decreased by 40 percent after the regulations were enacted.

GSA convenes C. elegans community for 20th International Meeting
More than 1,700 scientists are expected to attend the 20th International C. elegans Meeting, organized by the Genetics Society of America, June 24-28, 2015, in Los Angeles, Calif.

No increased cardiovascular risk detected for new diabetes medication
An international, multidisciplinary team including investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital has found that lixisenatide, a member of a class of glucose-lowering drugs frequently prescribed in Europe to patients with diabetes, did not increase risk of cardiovascular events including heart failure.

Small molecules change biological clock rhythm
Our biological clock regulates various daily rhythms, such as sleep/wake rhythm, body temperature, and metabolism.

Follow-up PET/CT more than 95 percent sensitive for non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a potentially devastating cancer of the blood and immune system, can range from relatively easy to treat to very aggressive.

Vanderbilt University receives Grand Challenges Explorations Grant
Vanderbilt biologist Laurence Zwiebel has received a Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration grant to create a wrist-band device that vaporizes a super-repellant thousands of times more powerful than DEET to create a personal no-fly zone that protects people from mosquitoes and other disease-carrying insects.

EORTC and University of Oxford launch EUROSARC trial for patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma
EUROSARC, European Clinical trials in Rare Sarcomas within an integrated translational trial network, has launched a phase II trial of Linsitinib for patients with relapsed and/or refractory Ewing sarcoma.

Turning paper industry waste into chemicals
Researchers at the KU Leuven Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis have found a more eco-friendly way to derive lignin -- a paper industry waste product -- from wood and convert it into chemical building blocks.

QUT cancer and eye researchers receive top Queen's birthday honor
QUT's Distinguished Professor Judith Clements and Professor Nathan Efron have each been awarded Australia's foremost honor, a Companion of the Order of Australia.

Evolution is unpredictable and irreversible, Penn biologists show
A study by University of Pennsylvania biologists now provides evidence that, at the molecular level, evolution is both unpredictable and irreversible.

Women four times less likely to have surgery if breast cancer diagnosed as an emergency
Breast cancer patients are four times less likely to have potentially lifesaving surgery if diagnosed as an emergency rather than through an urgent GP referral, according to a new data published Monday at the NCIN Cancer Outcomes conference.

Scientists see ripples of a particle-separating wave in primordial plasma
Scientists in the STAR collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, a particle accelerator exploring nuclear physics and the building blocks of matter at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, have new evidence for what's called a 'chiral magnetic wave' rippling through the soup of quark-gluon plasma created in RHIC's energetic particle smashups.

UTHealth's Kevin Morano receives prestigious teaching honor
Kevin Morano, Ph.D., a microbiologist at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has been recognized for teaching excellence by the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation.

Fish declines linked to effects of excess nutrients on coastal estuaries
A comprehensive study of a major California estuary has documented the links between nutrient runoff from coastal land use, the health of the estuary as a nursery for young fish, and the abundance of fish in an offshore commercial fishery.

Autophagy defect causes loss of muscle in aging
Toyohashi Tech researchers, in cooperation with researchers at Kyoto Prefectural University and the Heath Science University of Hokkaido, have detected marked upregulation of p62/SQSTM1, but not LC3, protein levels in the cytosol of sarcopenic muscle fibers in mice.

Novel laboratory works to improve population health and prepare transformational leaders
A newly published paper describes and evaluates the Indiana University Center for Health Innovation and Implementation Science, a novel virtual laboratory employing the tools of implementation science to improve population health, lower costs of its delivery and prepare future health care transformational leaders.

Ecological Society of America awarded NSF funding to retain diversity
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $597,643 grant to the Ecological Society of America's Strategies for Ecology Education, Diversity and Sustainability program, supporting a three-pronged approach to increase diversity.

Constant weathering
Variations in the weathering of rocks over the past two million years have been relatively uniform despite the distinct glacial and interglacial periods and the associated fluctuations in the Earth's climate.

Using Minecraft to unboggle the robot mind
Researchers from Brown University are developing a new algorithm to help robots better plan their actions in complex environments.

Psychology researchers report a major discovery of harmony amid chaos
Natural delays in the human nervous system can actually enhance anticipation when coordinating with another person's unpredictable behaviors.

Surgical anesthesia in young children linked to effects on IQ, brain structure
Children who received general anesthesia for surgery before age 4 had diminished language comprehension, lower IQ and decreased gray matter density in posterior regions of their brain, according to a new study in the journal Pediatrics.

$3.5 million grant to UC Davis will help study early reading instruction
The grant, from the US Department of Education's Institute of Education Science, focuses on students who are struggling with early reading.

Boosting gut bacteria defense system may lead to better treatments for bloodstream infections
An upset in the body's natural balance of gut bacteria that may lead to life-threatening bloodstream infections can be reversed by enhancing a specific immune defense response, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Disney researchers develop vision system that improves object recognition
A research group at Disney Research Pittsburgh has developed a computer vision system that, much like humans, can continuously improve its ability to recognize objects by picking up hints while watching videos.

Weathering and river discharge surprisingly constant during Ice Age cycles
A new Stanford study finds that, contrary to expectations, weathering rates over the past two million years have remained constant through glacial cycles.

PET reveals inflammatory cycle in the brain
Neuroinflammation caused by a reactive immune system could be tripping off the neurodegeneration seen in certain dementias, multiple sclerosis, and other deadly diseases of the nervous system.

Study finds weight loss in obese adults can reduce severity of asthma
A Canadian study published in the June issue of the journal CHEST found weight loss reduced asthma severity as measured by airway hyperresponsiveness in obese adults.

Disney researchers improve automated recognition of human body movements in videos
An algorithm developed through collaboration of Disney Research Pittsburgh and Boston University can improve the automated recognition of actions in a video, a capability that could aid in video search and retrieval, video analysis and human-computer interaction research.

Researchers find everyone has a bias blind spot
Researchers have developed a tool to measure the bias blind spot, which reveals that believing that you are less biased than your peers has detrimental consequences on judgments and behaviors, such as accurately judging whether advice is useful.

Scientists show antitumor agent can be activated by natural response to cell stress
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have found that a drug candidate with anticancer potential can be activated by one of the body's natural responses to cellular stress.

Data scientists find connections between birth month and health
Columbia University scientists have developed a computational method to investigate the relationship between birth month and disease risk.

North to Alaska: Researchers rush to understand warming trend
Berkeley Lab scientists Sebastien Biraud and Margaret Torn are leading an aerial campaign for DOE's Atmospheric Measurement Research Climate Research Facility over Alaska's North Slope to take air samples and find out why current climate models underestimate how rapidly the Arctic is getting warmer.

Scientists and surfers team up to assess antibiotic resistance risk
UK scientists are about to begin an innovative study that will shed light on how surfers exposed to human sewage and diffuse pollution in seawater might be affected by antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Drug-free sleep solution: CBT effective for chronic insomnia
An evidence review published in Annals of Internal Medicine finds that patients with chronic insomnia who undergo cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) can improve sleep without drugs and without adverse outcomes.

Accentuate the positive when it comes to nutrition education
If you want people to choose healthier foods, emphasize the positive, says a new Cornell University study.

Children with TBI have poorer sleep quality and more daytime sleepiness
A new study suggests that children with traumatic brain injuries have poorer sleep and more daytime sleepiness in comparison to healthy children.

First CVD outcome trial of a GLP-1 agonist ginds no cardiac risk or benefit
One member of a widely prescribed class of drugs used to lower blood glucose levels in people with diabetes has a neutral effect on heart failure and other cardiovascular problems, according to the first clinical trial to examine cardiovascular safety in a GLP-1 receptor agonist, presented at the American Diabetes Association's 75th Scientific Sessions.

Poor sleep quality linked to reduced resilience among veterans
A new study suggests that poor sleep quality is associated with reduced resilience among veterans and returning military personnel.
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