Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2015
Risky outdoor play positively impacts children's health: UBC study
New research shows that risky outdoor play is not only good for children's health but also encourages creativity, social skills and resilience.

Americans may be wasting more food than they think
Most Americans are aware that food waste is a problem, are concerned about it, and say they work to reduce their own waste, but nearly three-quarters believe that they waste less food than the national average, new research suggests.

Risk for sleep disorders among college freshmen may predict retention, success
A new study suggests that the risk for sleep disorders among college freshmen may be a predictor of retention and academic success.

Cutting carbon emissions could have indirect effects on hunger
As many of the world's nations prepare and implement plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions, researchers say another critical factor needs to be considered.

Plymouth University researchers in first ever UK brain tumor workshop
Organized by charity Brain Tumour Research, scientists from Plymouth University joined colleagues from other brain tumor research institutions for the first ever UK brain tumor research workshop.

'Chromosome shattering' seen in plants, cancer
Plants can undergo the same extreme 'chromosome shattering' seen in some human cancers and developmental syndromes, UC Davis researchers have found.

Social media should play greater role in disaster communication
When Typhoon Haiyan slammed into the Philippines in 2013, thousands of people were killed, in part because they didn't know it was coming or didn't know how to protect themselves.

Many older adults going online to discuss, learn about sex
Study of websites geared toward people age 50 or older finds that discussion threads about sex are very popular but controversial.

A stiff upper lip makes sense to baby
While you might think that a stoic reaction to a traumatic event would confuse toddlers, new research from Concordia University shows that they actually do understand that a stiff upper lip can be appropriate in certain situations.

Researchers take a major step in reclassifying brain tumors with precision
A Cancer Genome Atlas study on diffuse gliomas finds genomic analysis predicts tumor behavior better than microscope appearance

Smoke from Canadian wildfires drifts down to US
Canada has already had its share of wildfires this season, and the smoke from these wildfires is slowly drifting south over the United States' Midwest.

Companies are making cybersecurity a greater priority
Companies are spending increasing amounts on cybersecurity tools, but aren't convinced their data is truly secure and many chief information security officers believe that attackers are gaining on their defenses, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Partial sleep deprivation linked to biological aging in older adults
A new study suggests that one night of partial sleep deprivation promotes biological aging in older adults.

Heart failure readmissions reduced with new optimization approach
People hospitalized for heart failure had a significantly lower chance of being readmitted within 30 days of discharge when treated with a cardiac resynchronization therapy device, or CRT, equipped with an algorithm to automatically deliver and adjust therapy when compared to those receiving the standard CRT optimized with echocardiography, according to a study today in JACC: Heart Failure.

Tel Aviv University student takes first prize at Broadcom Foundation competition
Tel Aviv University graduate student Benjamin Klein won first place at the fourth annual Broadcom Foundation University Research Program on June 4 in Irvine, California.

Coral reefs defy ocean acidification odds in Palau
Will some coral reefs be able to adapt to rapidly changing conditions in Earth's oceans?

'Mysteries of the Brain' video series debuts
A new video series released today takes viewers on a journey to unlock the mysteries of the brain and better understand how this complex organ functions.

Study shows wildlife density data better predicts conservation success
A recent study published in the journal Conservation Biology makes a strong case for a new approach to conservation planning that uses much more robust data sets in order to better protect birds, plants, and animals.

Obesity linked to adrenal disorder in teens may increase risk for cardiovascular disease
Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have demonstrated that adolescents and young adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia have significantly increased amounts of abdominal fat tissue, placing them at greater risk for harmful conditions linked to obesity, including cardiovascular disease.

Energy efficiency upgrades ease strain of high energy bills in low-income families
Low-income families bear the brunt of high-energy costs and poor thermal comfort from poorly maintained apartment buildings.

New report says US freight rail regulations outdated, recommends modernization efforts
While a 1980 reform law enabled the modernization and stabilization of the US freight railroad industry, federal regulation has not kept pace with the industry's transformation and should be replaced with a system better-suited for today's freight rail system, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council's Transportation Research Board.

'Mutation accelerator' identified in gene mutation linked to common adult leukemia
In preliminary experiments with mice and lab-grown cells, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have found that a protein-signaling process accelerates the work of the gene most frequently mutated in a common form of adult leukemia and is likely necessary to bring about the full-blown disease.

Lonely galaxy lost in space
Hubble saw this galaxy, known as NGC 6503 in a lonely position, at the edge of a strangely empty patch of space called the Local Void.

Keeping mind, body active may not protect against underlying signs of Alzheimer's
While participating in physical activities such as bike riding, dancing, walking and gardening and mentally stimulating activities such as crosswords and reading may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease, they may not do so by affecting the underlying markers for the disease, according to a study published in the June 10, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Age not the equalizer once thought
In a comparative ethnographic study into the lives of American seniors, University of Arizona researcher Corey M.

Ultrasound-defined tenosynovitis identified as strong predictor of early RA
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) Press Conference showed that ultrasound diagnosis of tenosynovitis (inflammation of the tendon sheath) was superior to clinical symptoms and signs in the prediction of early Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Strategies needed for community health worker programs to solve health care challenges
Community health workers (CHW) are expected to be a growing and vital part of healthcare delivery in the United States as the Affordable Care Act is fully implemented.

Probing what happens to plutonium in a nuclear explosion
For years, research on nuclear weapons has relied on old data, limited experiments and computer modeling.

Songbirds find success nesting in introduced shrubs
Everyone likes things that are bad for them sometimes --including birds.

Genetically modified fish on the loose?
Transgenic fish may soon enter commercial production, but little is known about their possible effects on ecosystems, should they escape containment.

Five companies control more than half of academic publishing
A study at the University of Montreal shows that the market share of the five largest research publishing houses reached 50 percent in 2006, rising, thanks to mergers and acquisitions, from 30 percent in 1996 and only 20 percent in 1973.

Mysteries in the mushrooms: First records of fungi-feeding gnat larvae from South America
A team of researchers from Brazil and Canada has found a South American example of interactions between a group of flies and the mushrooms they feed on as larvae.

More women turning to CAM for menopause without medical guidance
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing for the treatment of menopausal symptoms but often without the guidance of a clinician.

Mother's environment before conception may affect her child's life long risk of disease
Scientists have shown for the first time that a mother's environment around the time of conception could permanently change the function of a gene influencing immunity and cancer risk in her child.

Breast milk shared to help babies via online and offline communities
According to a new study from the University of Central Florida, sharing breast milk is thriving today and it appears high income, highly educated white women are some of the people to most often use the Internet to facilitate the exchange.

Sleep problems and energy product use associated with increased alcohol use in teens
A new study suggest sleep problems and energy product use are associated with increased alcohol use in teens, even after controlling for sociodemographics and mental health.

Researchers uncover how a faulty gene can trigger fatal heart condition
University of Manchester research presented today at the British Cardiovascular Society Conference has revealed how a faulty gene can cause fatal abnormal heart rhythms that are brought on by exercise.

More Frequent overnight hot flashes linked with brain scan changes
Women who had more hot flashes during sleep had a greater number of brain scan changes.

College Board and NSF expand partnership to bring computer science classes to high schools across the US
The College Board and the National Science Foundation are announcing an extension of their partnership to support teachers and schools in offering the new Advanced Placement Computer Science Principles course in the fall of 2016.

Plants may run out of time to grow under ongoing climate change
A new study published in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS Biology shows that ongoing climate change will lead to overall declines in plant growing days by 2100 due to a mixture of warming, drought, and limited solar radiation.

Public debate could be key to strong economy
As it turns out, people who speak their minds loudly and often could be responsible for economic prosperity.

A celestial butterfly emerges from its dusty cocoon
Some of the sharpest images ever made with ESO's Very Large Telescope have, for the first time, revealed what appears to be an ageing star giving birth to a butterfly-like planetary nebula.

Patient-powered research community, MyApnea.Org, aims to redefine sleep apnea research outcomes
A new web-based community portal, www.MyApnea.Org, is recruiting patients, caregivers and those at risk for sleep apnea to join a growing community of patients and researchers to better understand sleep apnea through information sharing, support and research.

This week from AGU: Space weather warnings, real-time water management
A new model, described in a June 9 paper in the journal Space Weather, might finally give scientists a tool to predict a coronal mass ejection's magnetic configuration from afar, which means forecasters could give utility grid and satellite operators a full 24-hour advance warning to protect their systems.

Conference examines multidisciplinary approach to treating metastatic brain, spinal cancer
Experts from around the country will join faculty experts from the University of Louisville's James Graham Brown Cancer Center, a part of KentuckyOne Health, to look at the latest evidence-based medicine in treating metastatic cancer of the central nervous system.

Fragile X proteins involved in proper neuron development
Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited intellectual disability and the greatest single genetic contributor to autism.

New obesity treatment prevents bone loss during weight loss
Using the intestinal hormone GLP-1 in obesity treatment prevents the loss of bone mass otherwise frequently associated with major weight loss.

Multimodality treatment for metastatic lung cancer with surgery may improve survival rates
Patients diagnosed with an advanced form of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer may benefit from surgical resection (removal of all or part of the lung) in combination with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, according to an article in the June 2015 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Ultrasound screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms: Advantages for men, but not for women
Men benefit from one-time screening. They live longer because a rupture of the abdominal aorta can be avoided.

Light-intensity exercise could prove beneficial to older adults, new research shows
An easy walk, slow dancing, leisurely sports such as table tennis, household chores and other light-intensity exercise may be nearly as effective as moderate or vigorous exercise for older adults -- if they get enough of that type of activity.

New treatment hope for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
A previously unknown link between the immune system and the death of motor neurons in Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, has been discovered by scientists at the CHUM Research Centre and the University of Montreal.

Multi-center study redefines brain tumor diagnosis and treatment
Not all brain cancers are the same but together they represent a deadly disease that has been difficult to identify and treat.

Sleep duration and quality may impact cancer survival rate
A new study suggests that pre-diagnostic short sleep duration and frequent snoring were associated with significantly poorer cancer-specific survival, particularly among women with breast cancer.

Cutting-edge research unveiled at 2015 AAPS National Biotechnology Conference
Innovative vaccine and tumor research will be unveiled at the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists' National Biotechnology Conference.

Chimpanzee flexibly use facial expressions and vocalizations
Chimpanzee may be able to use facial expressions and vocalizations flexibly, notably during physical contact play.

Binghamton engineer creates origami battery
Origami, the Japanese art of paper folding, can be used to create beautiful birds, frogs and other small sculptures.

New drug can clear all psoriasis symptoms
A University of Manchester led trial of a new psoriasis drug has resulted in 40 percent of people showing a complete clearance of psoriatic plaques after 12 weeks of treatment and over 90 percent showing improvement.

Short boys are 2 to 3 times as likely as short girls to receive growth hormone
Short boys are three times more likely than short girls to receive recombinant human growth hormone treatment for idiopathic short stature (ISS), even though in a general pediatric population, equal proportions of both genders fall under the height threshold designating ISS.

Lost in space
Although the Universe may seem spacious most galaxies are clumped together in groups or clusters and a neighbor is never far away.

University of Windsor sexual assault study reaches NEJM
Sexual assault resistance training works, according to a new University of Windsor-led study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

2015 World Cultural Council Awards
The World Cultural Council will present the 2015 Albert Einstein World Award of Science to Professor Dr.

Fast-tracking precision medicine: Drug re-aimed to target diabetic kidney disease
It started out as a treatment for arthritis. But steered by science, it could become a first new approach in two decades for treating the damage that diabetes inflicts on the kidneys of millions of people.

First-ever observation of the native capside of a retrovirus
Researchers working at the Institut Pasteur in Montevideo (member of the Institut Pasteur International Network), in collaboration with the Uruguayan Medical School, obtained for the first time ever high-resolution images of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) capsid protein.

A buffet of emerging biotech at 2015 BIO Innovation Zone
For at least three days this month, Philadelphia will be the Silicon Valley of biotech.

Light pollution threatens the Balearic shearwater
Petrel fledglings leave the nest after dark, but these marine birds' maiden flights towards the sea are hampered by city lights.

Arizona State University and Banner Health launch major effort to fight neurodegenerative diseases
Arizona State University and Banner Health today announced a new research alliance to advance the scientific study, treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Rice researchers make ultrasensitive conductivity measurements
Researchers at Rice University have discovered a new way to measure the conductivity of electronic components at optical frequencies for high-speed, nanoscale device components ultimately as small as a single molecule.

Microbe-mediated adaptation to a novel diet
Scientists of the Max Planck Research Group Insect Symbiosis and the Experimental Ecology and Evolution Group at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, found that acquiring a group of bacterial symbionts that are localized in the gut enabled firebugs to successfully exploit a food source that was previously inaccessible to them and lead to the diversification within this new ecological niche.

Survival benefit with 'fully human' EGFR antibody necitumumab in squamous NSCLC
This week, Lancet Oncology reports results of a 1,093-person phase III clinical trial of the drug Necitumumab (IMC-11F8) combined with chemotherapies gemcitabine and cisplatin against stage IV squamous non-small cell lung cancer.

Youth on the autism spectrum overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers has shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently.

All change for bacterial outer membrane proteins
The discovery of how a group of bacteria rapidly adapts to changing growth conditions could have implications for future antibiotic development, according to research at the University of Oxford and the University of York.

Researchers examine how to minimize drought impact on important food crops
An Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis research paper published today in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers provide information that could help agricultural planning and management to minimize drought-induced yield losses for legumes, one of the world's most important food crops.

Study discovers new method of classifying low-grade brain tumors
Scientists and physicians from federally designated cancer centers used molecular and genetic analysis to develop a new method of classifying brain tumors known as low and intermediate grade gliomas.

Common antibiotic may be the answer to many multidrug-resistant bacterial infections
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences report that the common antibiotic azithromycin kills many multidrug-resistant bacteria very effectively -- when tested under conditions that closely resemble the human body and its natural antimicrobial factors.

Interest in learning about skin cancer appears to increase during summer
Google searches for information on melanoma and skin cancer increased over the summer months during a five-year period, although the level of interest did not correlate with the melanoma mortality to incidence ratio, suggesting that increased search volumes may not be associated with early detection, according to a research letter published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Scripps Florida scientists win $2.1 million to study protein linked to Parkinson's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $2.1 million from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to study a protein that has been closely linked in animal models to Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.

Report: one in four Baltimore residents live in a food desert
A new report by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future (CLF), in collaboration with the Baltimore Food Policy Initiative, found that one in four of the city's residents live in so-called food deserts with limited access to healthy foods.

Aerobic exercise seems to curb asthma severity and improves quality of life
Aerobic exercise seems to curb the severity of asthma symptoms and improves quality of life, finds a small study published online in the journal Thorax.

New initiative targets emerging models of technological innovation
Technological innovation -- as essential as ever for economic growth -- now occurs in a rapidly changing global and local context.

Return trips feel shorter in hindsight
People reflecting on a roundtrip walk estimated that the return trip took less time than the outward trip.

Coral colonies more genetically diverse than assumed
Coral colonies are more genetically diverse than it has been assumed to date.

NAMS supports judicious use of systemic hormone therapy even after age 65
As new research continues to document the incidence of bothersome hot flashes lasting into the mid-60s for many women, the medical industry has had to rethink the way it approaches menopause therapy.

Ice sheet collapse triggered ancient sea level peak: ANU media release
An international team of scientists has found a dramatic ice sheet collapse at the end of the ice age before last caused widespread climate changes and led to a peak in the sea level well above its present height.

New tool better protects beachgoers from harmful bacteria levels
An international team, led by researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, has developed a new, timelier method to identify harmful bacteria levels on recreational beaches.

Early intensive intervention improves outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder
A recent study published in the July 2015 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry demonstrates that early intervention, beginning between 18 and 30 months of age improves outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder at age 6.

Tackling chronic sinusitis by addressing underlying factors
The stuffy noses and sinus pressure of head colds are uncomfortable, but for most people, they go away within days.

Obese patients at high risk of post-surgery complications
Research from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is revealing the heavy surgical consequences of severe obesity.

University of Cincinnati, industry partners develop low-cost, 'tunable' window tintings
Technology developed by the University of Cincinnati and industry partners can do something that neither blinds nor existing smart windows can do.

Weekend screen time linked to poorer bone health in teen boys
Weekend screen time is linked to poorer teen bone health -- but only in boys, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Interneurons find their way to the striatum
Researchers from the MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology at King's College London, led by Prof.

Travertine reveals ancient Roman aqueduct supply
A study of limestone deposits within the Anio Novus aqueduct in Rome has allowed University of Illinois researchers, led by geologist Bruce Fouke, to report an actual estimate for the aqueduct's flow rate.

New study explores whether newborns delivered by c-section face higher risk of chronic health problems later in life
A new paper in the British Medical Journal by Jan Blustein, M.D., Ph.D., of New York University's Wagner School and a professor of medicine and population health at NYU School of Medicine, and Jianmeng Liu, M.D., Ph.D., of Peking University examines the evidence as to whether newborns delivered by C-section are more likely to develop chronic diseases later in life.

Patients with moderate RA as likely to need joint surgery as those with high disease
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) Press Conference showed that patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis taking conventional DMARD therapy who have moderate disease activity have a similar risk of joint failure that requires surgery as those with high disease activity.

Strong teeth: Nanostructures under stress make teeth crack resistant
Human teeth have to serve for a lifetime, despite being subjected to huge forces.

Teenagers should exercise like kids to achieve best health outcomes
As little as two minutes of high-intensity exercise four times a day improves health outcomes in adolescents, but the same amount of moderate-intensity exercise does not reap the same rewards, according to a new study from the University of Exeter.

Robot eyes will benefit from insect vision
The way insects see and track their prey is being applied to a new robot under development at the University of Adelaide, in the hopes of improving robot visual systems.

Plants may run out of time to grow under ongoing climate change
The causes and consequences of global warming are still under debate, but what would actually happen to all the plants, essential to many aspects of our lives, if the climate in the planet does get warmer?

Warmer, lower-oxygen oceans will shift marine habitats
Modern mountain climbers usually carry tanks of oxygen to help them reach the summit.

Gold-standard clinical trials fail to capture how behavior changes influence treatment
Double-blind clinical trials for new drugs are considered the 'gold standard' of medical research but one effect these trials fail to measure is how a medication's performance can vary based on patients' lifestyle choices, according to a new study in PLOS ONE.

Genetic markers provide better brain cancer classification
A team of scientists from UC San Francisco and Mayo Clinic has shown that using just three molecular markers will help clinicians classify gliomas -- the most common type of malignant brain tumors -- more accurately than current methods.

Statewide quality improvement program helps lower rates of trauma complications
A team of trauma surgeons at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor have reported how data from a statewide quality collaborative helped them reduce the rate of a serious trauma complication by more than half.

Pedophiles more likely to have physical irregularities
A new study in Springer's journal Archives of Sexual Behavior suggests pedophiles are more likely to have superficial facial flaws, known as Minor Physical Anomalies.

Clinical trial launched to assess safety and efficacy of autism drug treatment
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have launched a clinical trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of an unprecedented drug therapy for autism.

Which artificial pancreas system is the best for children with type 1 diabetes?
A Montréal research team, co-supervised by Dr. Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret from the IRCM and Dr.

EULAR launches patients' position paper on use of biosimilars in rheumatology
Welcome to EULAR 2015, which opens today in Rome and is set to be the biggest rheumatology event in Europe.

The price of a happy ending can be bad decision-making, say researchers
Research using gambling techniques shows that even very recent experiences carry a 'temporal markdown' so that those more immediate carry disproportionate weight in decision-making, meaning that a 'happy ending' can wildly skew what we think we should do next over what experience would tell us.

First functional, synthetic immune organ with controllable antibodies created by engineers
Cornell University engineers have created a functional, synthetic immune organ that produces antibodies and can be controlled in the lab, completely separate from a living organism.

Some heartburn drugs may boost risk of heart attack, Stanford study finds
A large data-mining study carried out by investigators at the Stanford University School of Medicine has linked a popular class of heartburn drugs to an elevated risk of heart attack.

Carotenoid levels in breast milk vary by country, diet
A Purdue University-led analysis of breast milk concludes that levels of health-promoting compounds known as carotenoids differ by country, with the US lagging behind China and Mexico, a reflection of regional dietary habits.

Molecular classification may improve method physicians use to diagnose and treat gliomas
The molecular makeup of brain tumors can be used to sort patients with gliomas into five categories, each with different clinical features and outcomes, researchers at Mayo Clinic and the University of California San Francisco have shown.

Boreal peatlands not a global warming time bomb
To some scientists studying climate change, boreal peatlands are considered a potential ticking time bomb.

New web tool allows public to compare quality of long-term care homes
The public can now make a more informed choice about long-term care thanks to a new online tool launched today that compares facilities across Canada based on nine indicators such as safety, quality of life and general health of residents.

A cuckoo finch in sheep's clothing: ANU media release
Cuckoo finches in Africa have adopted a unique disguise to help them lay their eggs in other birds' nests, biologists have found.

MIT team creates ultracold molecules
Experimental physicists at MIT have successfully cooled molecules in a gas of sodium potassium to a temperature of 500 nanokelvins -- just a hair above absolute zero, and over a million times colder than interstellar space.

NASA sees powerful storms within Tropical Cyclone Ashobaa
Two NASA satellites provided a look inside and outside of Tropical Cyclone Ashobaa.

Young scientists to advocate for biomedical research funding on Capitol Hill
Young scientists from colleges and universities across the United States will arrive on Capitol Hill on Thursday to meet with senators and representatives about the value of biomedical research.

Slip sliding away: Graphene and diamonds prove a slippery combination
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have found a way to use tiny diamonds and graphene to give friction the slip, creating a new material combination that demonstrates the rare phenomenon of 'superlubricity.'

Intensive initial therapy with triple DMARDs improves functional ability in early RA
The results of the tREACH trial presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) Press Conference showed that initial therapy with combination DMARDs significantly improves measures of disease activity and functional ability in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

Nanoparticles target and kill cancer stem cells that drive tumor growth
Many cancer patients survive treatment only to have a recurrence within a few years.

Elsevier announces the launch of Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management, a new multi-specialty, peer-review journal that provides high-quality information and research findings on operational and system-based approaches to ensure safe, coordinated, and high-value patient care immediately preceding, during, and soon after medical procedures.

Specialized proteins may be detected in blood of people with Alzheimer's disease
Specialized brain proteins that are involved in the removal of damaged nerve cell materials may be detected in the blood of people who were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment or dementia due to Alzheimer's disease.

Satellite shows Blanca's remnant moisture over New Mexico today
Today, June 10, the remnant moisture from Blanca is now over New Mexico where it is expected to generate some isolated to scattered thunderstorms.

Researchers develop novel ketone supplements to enhance non-toxic cancer therapy
A team of researchers from the Hyperbaric Biomedical Research Laboratory at the University of South Florida (Tampa, Fla.) doubled survival time in an aggressive metastatic cancer model using a novel combination of non-toxic dietary and hyperbaric oxygen therapies.

When trees aren't 'green'
Most of us don't consider forests a source of pollution.

Europe's most homophobic countries may be paving the way for a rise in HIV cases
Europe's most homophobic countries may be paving the way for a rise in HIV cases among gay and bisexual men, according to new research published in the journal AIDS.

Low levels of hormone in African-Americans may increase hypertension
Although hypertension is more common in African-Americans, they have significantly lower levels of a hormone produced in response to cardiac stress than white and Hispanic individuals, a finding that may indicate a target for prevention or treatment of heart disease, according to a study published today in JACC: Heart Failure.

Impact of insecticides on the cognitive development of 6-year-old children
Researchers from Inserm, in association with the Laboratory for Developmental and Educational Psychology, provide new evidence of neurotoxicity in humans from pyrethroid insecticides, which are found in a wide variety of products and uses.

New boron compounds for organic light-emitting diodes
Chemists at the Goethe University have now developed a new class of organic luminescent materials through the targeted introduction of boron atoms into the molecular structures.

Single protein causes Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy
Several neurodegenerative disorders are caused by aggregates of a single protein known as alpha-synuclein.

Additives in low tar ('light') and e-cigarettes may reinforce nicotine dependence
Pyrazine additives in low tar ('light') and e-cigarettes may be reinforcing the addictive qualities of nicotine, and should be strictly regulated, concludes research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Finding hope in the dark
An international team of researchers from Bristol, Toronto, Pittsburgh, Dallas and Montreal have identified a gene that could be responsible for some cases of human night blindness.

When modern Eurasia was born
Modern Eurasian peoples are genetically speaking not more than a couple of thousand years old.

New imaging technique pinpoints changes in brain connectivity following mTBI
A new imaging technique can identify the specific changes in neural communication that can disrupt functional connectivity across the brain as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Heart attack risk increases 16-21 percent with use of common antacid
Adults who use proton pump inhibitors are between 16 and 21 percent more likely to experience a heart attack than people who don't use the commonly prescribed antacid drugs, according to a massive new study by Houston Methodist and Stanford University scientists.

PCOS sufferers appear to benefit from lifestyle modification combined with metformin
A systematic review publishing today in the journal Human Reproduction Update has found that women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome could manage some of the symptoms by combining a change in lifestyle with taking the drug metformin.
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